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Full text of "The American Cyclopædia: A Popular Dictionary of General Knowledge"

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AMERICAN CYCLOPEDIA. 



INDEX. 



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GENERAL AND ANALYTICAL 
INDEX 

TO 'rnE 

AMEMCAN CYCLOPiEDIA. 



BY 

The Rev. T. J. CONANT, D. D., 

ASSISTED BY HIS DAUGIITEE, 

liLANDINA COS A NT. 



NEW YORK: 
D. APPLETON AND COMPANY, 

549 AND 551 BROADWAY. 

LONDON: 16 LITTLE BEITALN. 

1878. 



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D. APPLETOK AND COMPANY, 



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TO THE KEADER. 



The Index should be first consulted when information is sought on any subject. 
The inquirer will thus find whether what he seeks is contained in some leading 
article, or in several scattered through different volumes, or is incidentally given in 
connection with another subject. 

The plan of the Index is as follows : 

All names of persons or objects in connection with which any information is 
given, and would naturally be sought in that connection, are entered alphabetically, 
the titles of leading articles being distinguished by smali. capitals, and other en- 
tries by ilalics. 

Of articles of much length the leading divisions arc entered, to facilitate 
reference. 

When there are two or more names, or more than one mode of spelling the 
name, of the same person or object, each is entered in its alphabetical order. 

All pictorial representations of objects described are entered by name in their 
proper connection, with the abbreviation (ill.) or (view) annexed. Thoy are also 
entered separately, where this is deemed necessary or convenient for ready 
reference. 

In the references to the Cyclopaedia, the first numeral (Roman) refers to the 
volume, the second and third (Arabic) respectively to the page and column, and 
the letters, a, h, c, to the first, second, or third part of the column. E. g. : " Cotton- 
wood, tree, SIII. I'll, 2 c (ill.)," means that what is said of it may he found, with 
an illustration, in the 13th volume, page 711, lower thu-d of the 2d column. 

The space at or near the meeting of two divisions is denoted by two letters 
combined (ab, or be), and a special reference to two or more by the separate letters ; 
as, "Myrtus communis (botany), XII. 112, 1 be (ill.);" "Sheikh [shaik]. Bed- 
ouin chief, n. 450, 2 b, c ; " " Pomfret, countess dowager of, contributions to the 
Arundelian marbles, I. 798, 2 a, b, c."* 

When, in a series of entries from different articles under one title, the number 
of the volume is omitted, the reference is to the one last given. 

* Itt tUe multUade of such references there may be some few errors. The reader will please look for 
lli9 reference in the other column, or another part of the column, if not found in the one given. 



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v-i TO THE EEADEE. 

The pronunciation of foreign proper namea, and of other words which seem to 
require it, has been added inbrackets by Mr, Francis A. Teall, whose system of 
notation is subjoined. The work has passed through the press under his supervis- 
ion ; and to his familiarity with the contents of the Cyclopsedia, his ready memory, 
and excellent judgment, it is greatly indebted for its accuracy and completeness. 

The Index has also to some extent been made a supplement to the Cyclopsedia 
by additional information parenthetically inserted. Thus, where a person noticed 
in it has died since its close, the year of his death is generally noted. Where one 
has attained to higher office, or met with any great change of fortune, that fact is 
usually indicated. In many instances persons of some prominence are only inci- 
dentally mentioned in the. Cyclopsedia, in connection with the topics with which 
their names are associated. Generally, where biographical notices of such persons 
conld be found, the briefest possible statement of the leading facts has been 
inserted ; often the dates of birth and death alone are given, where nothing more 
appeared to be essential. 

Occasionally a discrepancy will be observed between an entry in the Index and 
the place referred to in the Cyclopsedia. In such case the former is to be under- 
stood as a correction. The innumerable causes and sources of error, familiar to alt 
who have had to do with so immense an undertaking as the construction of a 
cyclopffidia, make it impossible that some should not escape detection in its prog- 
ress. They will generally be found trifling in form, though sometimes large in 
effect, such as the accidental change of a single letter converting one word into 
another. 

The collating from different articles of passages relating to the same topic has 
in a few instances prominently disclosed another source of discrepancies which, 
unexplained, have the appearance of errori resulting from carelessness. In the 
article on engraving a celebrated German artist is mentioned as Christian Friedrich 
von Mliller, who in the special article upon his father (Johann Gotthard) and him- 
self is called Johann Friedrich Wilhelro. In seeking an explanation of this, it was 
found that precisely the same difference exists in the corresponding articles of 
Meyer's Konversations-Lexikon, of later date than the Cyclopsedia articles ; while 
in Pierer's JIniversal-Zexikon he is called " Christian (J oh.) Friedrich Wilhelm." 
Again, in the article on Agra, it is said that the Taj Mahal was built by Shah 
Jehan as a mausoleum for himself and his wife Noor Mahal ; while in that on India 
Nourmahal (the same name in another form) appears a& the wife of his father 
Jehanghir. A search showed that the large universal gazetteers, which the writer 
of the former article naturally followed, contain the statement there given ; but 
the writer on India followed more accurate historical authorities. In the Index, 
under iJfoor Mahal, the true version is succinctly given. 



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TO THE HEADER. 



KEY TO PRONUXCIATION. 

I. a, 6, i, 6, u, a, &, i, 6, & — tLe ordinary English long and ahort sounds of the Towelg, aa in 
mate, mete, mite, mote, mute, !iat, iet, lit, iot, iut. Most of these marks are aparingly used, 
as in general the position of the vowe! sufficiently indicates its proper sound. 

3. 6, — Italian a, as in /ar, father, but frequently shorter. 

3. o — German o, occurring also in Hungarian, Swedish, and Danish (#). It represents the 
diphthong oe, and its sound has no equivalent in English. It is an intimate blending of the 
sounds of (t in mate or i in met and H in but. Its long and short sounds may be approximately 
represented thus, the small letter in each ease indjeating the subordinate element : g^h'-tSh, 
Goethe ; tB°p'-lits, TQpIitz (with which the form Teplitz is interchangeable). The Erencli and 
Dutch en approaches the sound of », but is very nearly represented by & or &k. 

4. 00 — representing the -a of most other languages, the Trench ow, the Dutch oe, and the 
Portuguese and Swedish o final — is most commonly short, as in hook; but in certain positions, 
easily determined by the ear, as at the end of an accented syllable, it is long, as in woo. 

6. ow — representing au in other languages (except French), ou in Dutch, ao in Portuguese, 
and approsimatoly ao ia Spanish and aou in Erench — is pronounced like ow in eow and ou in 

6. a — German and Hungarian a, French u, and Danish and Swedish y. These are usnally 
so nearly alike in soand that they are represented by the same character ; there is no corre- 
sponding sound in English. The German u stands for the diphthong ue (formerly ui), and its 
pronunciation is a close union of the sounds of u in inute and * in 6i( or e in inete ; thus r 
mUB'-ier, Mdller; bue'-lo, Billow. It sometimes runs almost wholly into the second element 
(i or J). The French u, however, invariably approaches the sound indicated in the first exam- 
ple ; but it is more simple, and may perhaps be said to consist of the first part of the diph- 
thongal sound of the English u, as in mute — that is, with the sound stopped before the full 
enunciation of the final oo element of that letter. 

7. &"', &", 5"", U"', &c. — French and Portuguese nasal vowels. The "' is small to indicate 
that it represents no actual sound, but simply the mode of uttering the vowel. This may be 
illustrated by pronouncing iang, wng, rung without touching the soft palate with the upper 
part of the tongne, thus producing the nasal effect without the distinct sound of ng. 

8. ch — representing the Spanish ch, German taeh, Hungarian m, the cz of some Slavic lan- 
guages, the Italian e before e and i, &c. — sounds like ch in eJiurcA. 

9. 'h, 'h— German guttural ch, Spanish j and g (before e or i), and (sometimes) x, &c. This 
sound consists in the pronunciation of A in the throat (the organs being nearly closed) as a true 
consonant rather than as a mere breathing. The roughening or rasping effect thereby produced 
is indicated by the small ' and ', the former after a, e, i, o, H, dw, eu, I, &c. (where the sound 
approaches that of ah, hut must be carefully distinguished from it by keeping the lower part 
of the tongue depressed), the latter in an initial syllable or after a, o, «, an. In German g 
final is also guttural, but in lurg and some similar terminal syllables it has been deemed pre- 
ferable to leave it nnmarked. 

10. gh. — The h is added to show that the g is hard, as in get. In certain cases h is omitted, 
but when used in pronnnciation g is always hard. 

II. ly, ny, py, &c. — In these combinations the two letters are to he sounded together in one 
breath, like U mfoUo, ni in union, &c. 

12. th— the sharp sound of th, as in thin, representing the Spanish e before e or i, t, &c. 

(In Spanish America c and i generally have the sound of sharp g.) 

18. th — the flat sound of th, as ia thi», representing the Spanish d, &c. 

14. y' — the liquid element in many French and Hnngariaa terminal syllables, constituting 

an indistinct, vanishing sound of y, in combination with that of the preceding vowel or conso- 
ls. Titles of which the pronunciation is not given are to be pronounced either according 



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viii TO THE READER. 

to the marking of a preceding title of the same or similar form, or to the most obvious English 
analog J. 

AocBNTUATios. — Only the primary syllabic accent of words is marked, as, where a secon- 
dary accent is reqaired, tht. ear ja nearly alwaj s a sufficient guide to its proper position when the 
former is known. Sometimes the prommciaticn of Greek and Latin names and technological 
terms is indicated by an accent alone !t may lie well to remark that in these every vowel or 
diphthong makes a separate syllable, as Hyloiatm (hi-lob'-arteez). In French words and 
names no accentuation is indicated, since m that language it is not determinate, but depends 
npon the exigencies of ntterance Thus a word of several syllat)les, when making part of a 
sentence, may, under diffonng circumstance' have each syllable alternately accentuated, or 
possibly none of them, each being spoken with equal force, and the whole stress of the sen- 
tence placed upon the culminating word When spoken singly, huwerer, or in connection 
with another language, some accent is inevitable ; and this usually falls upon the last ajllable 
when it ends in a consonantal or a strong vowel sotmd, and is preceded by gjllables ending in 
similar or weaker sounds. In other cases euphony generally requires that the accent shall be 
placed at one or two (raroly if ever more) removes from the end. But on whichever syllable 
it falls, all the others must be distinctly (however rapidly) enunciated, the slurring of unom- 
phatic syllables, common in English and other languages of strong accent, being inadmissible 
in French. 

DivisiOH INTO Syllables.— In respelling words for pronunciation, deviations from the rules 
of division in foreign languages have frequently been rendered necessary by the requirements 
of English analogy. 



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GENEKAL INDEX 



THE AMERICAN CYCLOPEDIA. 



A, a letter, I. 1, Sonnds of, 1 b. Cicero's 
dislite of, ii. Aa a numeral, ib. Domini- 
csl letter, I c In logic, ib. In anoient in- 
soriptiona, ih. On laodals and coins, ib. In 
medical prescriptions, 2 a. On bills of ez- 
change, ib. Chemical abbreviation, ib. In 
the musical scale, ib. 

Aa [a], name of several rivers, I. 1. 

Aahmes I. (or Amasis), Egyptian king, I. 880, 
2 c. 

Aaohbn [S'-'hea] ; see Aix-ij.-Ohapellb, I. 
223. Aacben-Munich Are insurance com- 
pany, ib. ; savings bank, ib. 

Aalboes [awl'-borg], seaport, 1. 1. 

Aalen [ft'-len], town, I. 2. 

Aali Pasha [S'-le pa-sbii'], Turkish statesman, 
1.2. 

Aalst [filst]: see Ablst. 

Aaitek [fil'-tenl, town, I. 2. 

Aak, or Aare [ar, S'-rSli], river, I. 3. 

Aakau [i'-row], town, I. 2; peace of, ib. 

Aami-tark [ard'-vark], animal, I. 8 (ill.). 

Aaed-wolf [ard'-woolf], animal, I. 3 (ill). 

Aaegab [ar'-gow], canton, I. 3. 

Aabhuto [oi-'-hoooe], seaport, I. 4. 

Aabon [S'-run], first Hebrew high priest, I. 

4. Physician of the Tth century, and first 

who mentions the smallpoi, ib. 
Aaron's rod, a plant, SIV. 751, 2 a. 
Aahsens, Trans van [ar'-sencej, diplomatist, 

1.4. 
Aases, Ivar Andreas [aw'-sen], philologist, 1. 4. 



ABBAS I. 

Aasvae [awce'-vair], islands, I. 4. 

Ab, Hebrew month, I. 4. 

Abae'dbh, or Ababdie, African tribes, I. 4. 

Ab'aco, Great, an island, I. 4. 

Ab'aous, in architecture, I. 5; I. 656, 1 c. 

Cupboard, ib. Templar's staff, ib. Oalcnla- 

ting machine, ih. 
Abad [S-bSd'], name of Moorish kings, I. 5. 
Abad'doh ; see Apollyon. 
Ab'adite dynasty, end of, 1. 5, 2 a. 
AbaditM, Arab natives of Oman, XII. 625, 

2 a. 
Ab'aka Khan, Mongol kiug, I. 5. 
Ab'ana, river, 1. 6 ; II. 295, 1 a ; V. 651, 2 b. 
Ababooubt, Charles Savier Joseph d' [d2- 

faa^'-koor], minister of Lonis XVI., I. 5. 
Abaso, Pietro d' [da'-bS^no], philosopher, 1. 5. 
Abab'banbl: see Abba vanbi.. 
Abah'oa, Joaquin, S|>anlsh bishop, I. 5. 
Ababim', mountain, I. 5. 
Abasoal', Jos6 Fernando, Spanish s 

I. 5. 






iO). 



lan town, I. 20, 2 a (Abb 



Abate'mcTit, in law ; sec Disseisis. Abate- 
ment of a legacy, X. 317, 1 a. 

Abattoir [ab-a-twir'], for the New York mar- 
ket, IX. 611, 1 c. 

Abattzit, Firmin [&-bo-ze], theologian, I. 6, 

Abbadig, Jacques [a-bS-de], theologian, I. 0. 
Antoine Thomson and Arnaud Michel d' 
[da-bfi-de], explorers, 1 b. 

Abbas' I., the Great, shah of Persia, I. 6. 



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3 ABBA SALAMA 

jdJSo Salama (Andraos), bishop of Abyssinia, 
I. 48, 2 b. 

Abbas' bbn Abd-el-Mot't\lib, uncle of Mo- 
hammed, I. 6. See ABBAS91DB9. 

Abbas Mibza [meer'-za], Persian prince and 

Abbas PAsaA [pS-shfi'], viceroy of Egypt, I. 7 ; 

VI. 76T, 1 b. 
ABB4BSIDKB [ah'-bas-sids], caliphs of the third 

Mohammedan dynasty, I. 7. Its founder, ib. 

Its last caliph, 1 c. 
Abbatccoi [a-ba-ta-se; Ital. fib-bS-toot'-che], 

JocqnesPierre, French general, 1.7. Charles, 

1 c. Jacques Pierre Charles, diplomatist, 

Sa. 
Ahhaiye aim hommea [S-ba o zilm], church, now 

church of St. fitienne, III. 539, 2 c. 
Abbaye aux femmea [o fam], church, now 

church of Swat Trinity, III. 580, 2 e. 
Aihayei da iamanU [i-ba da aa-v^""], sinecures 

for scholars, &o., I. 7, 2 c. 
Abb£ [a-bS], French for abbot, I. 7. Abbfis 

commcDdataires [fi-ba kilh-mfi°'-dS-tair], 3 c. 
Ahbe de la Tour [dah li toor], psendonyme, IV. 

822, 3 be. 
Abbeoko'ta, or Abeakutah, city, I, 7. Gov- 
ernment, 8, 1 b. Religion, 1 c. Christian 

missions, ib. Opposition to slavery, ib. 
Ab'bess, I. 8. 
Abbeville [a-biih-veel or ab-veel], town, I. 

8. 
Ab'bkville, county, I. 8. 
Alhey, as distinguished from a priory, &c., SI, 

734, 1 e. 
"Abbey of Bataille:" see Hastinqs, VIII, 

607, 2 a. 
AUeyofKorve^^K.A1,'i^3. Its literary trea- 
sures, ib. 
Abbo CKE'rftiirs, or Abbon the Crooked, I. 8. 
Abbo Fi.okiaobn'818, or Abboa of Fleury, I. 8. 
Abbot, title, I. 8. 
Abbot, Abiel, D, D., I, 8. 
Abbot, Benjamin, LL. D., I. 9. 
Abbot, Charles, Lord Colchester, I. 0. 
Abbot, GSeorge, archbishop, I. 9. 
Abbot, Gorham Dnmmer, LL. D., teacher and 

author, I. 9. (Died 1874.) 
Abbot, Samuel, merchant, patron of Andover 

seminary, I. 9. 
Abbot female academy, I, 481, 1 c. 
Abbot Gerold, builder of the Devil's bridge, Vt. 

67, I a. 
Abbot Joachim, religious euthu^ast, alluded to, 

IL 4T8, 2 b. 



ABEGG 

Allot of unreason, at an English Christmas, 

IV. 551, a a. 
Abbotsfoed, seat of Sir Walter Seotf, I. 9 

(ill.); XIV. 708, 3 a. 
Abbois-Langlet, parish, I. 10. 
Abbott, family of American writers. Jacob, 

I. 10. John Stepiiens Cabot, 3 a {died 1877). 
Gorham D. : see Abbot. Beiy'amin Vaughan, 
3 h. Austin, 3 e. Lyman, 'ib. Edward, 

II, 1 b. 

Abbott, Charles, Lord Tenterden, I. 11; II. 
533, 2 c. 

Abbrbviations, 1. 11. 

Abi), initial word in Semitic proper names, I. 
13. 

Abd-allah, meaning of, I. 12, 2 a. 

Abdai-'lah bbn Abd-el-Mot'talib, father of 
Mohammed, I. 13. 

Abdallah ben Zobaik', I. 13. 

Aldallah ibn Tatim, founder of a Moslem dy- 
nasty, I. 345, 2 b; its overthrow, 2 c. 

AM-el-Caaba, name of the first caliph, I. 41, 
1 c (A,imm). 

Abd-bl-Haum [-hS-leem'], Egyptian prince, I. 
13. 

Abd-el-Hamid [-hS-meed'J, adopted name of a 
French traveller, I. 13. 

Abd-el-Kader [-ka'-der], Arab emir, soldier, 
and writer, I. 13. 

Abd-el-Wahab [-wa-hab'J, founder of a Mos- 
lem sect, I. 14. 

Abde'ra, ancient city, 1. 14. 

Ald-erSah'man, meaning of, I. 12, 3 a. 

Abderrahman I., caliph of Cordova, I. 14. 

Abdebrahmah, sultan of Morocco, I. 14. Af- 
ghan poet, 163, 1 a, 

Ab'diah, Samuel len, Jewish soldier and poet, 
VIII. 595, 3 a. 

Ab'dias, sappoaititiouB author, I. 14. 

Abdioa'tion, of a throne, I. 15 ; memorable 
examples of it, ib. 

Abdo'ueh, I. 16. 

Abdominal typhus, in German writers, VII. 
1C7, 2 ah. 

Abdul-Aziz [ab-dooM-zeez'], Turkish sultan, 
I. IG; XVI. 59, 1 ab. (Deposed May 30, 
1876; died soon afterward.) 

Abdul-Medjid [-med-jeed'J, Turkish aultan, I. 
16, 

Abeckda'riaks, fanatic sect of reli^onists, 1. 17. 

A'Beoket, Gilbert Abbott, hamorist, I. 17. 

Abebl', David, D. D., clergyman, I. IT. 

Abeoq, Julius Friedrieh Heinriob [4'-beg], ju- 
rist, L 17. 



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ABEL 

A'bbl, second son of Adam, I. IT. Abolites, 
ft seot, a. 

Ab'elakd, or Ab'fdlard, Pierre [Fr. il-ba-lar], 
philosopher, 1. 17. Abelard and St Bernard, 
II. 573, 2 c. Od mirflolea, XI. 625, 1 b, Eis 
school at Melun, 1. 17, 2 c ; SI. 375, 2 a. See 
H£loise. 

Abkl db Potol, Alexandre Denis [a-bel dtth 
pa-zbill], painter, I. 17. Adrtenno Marie 
Lonise Grandpierre Deverzy, 2 b. 

Abele; tree, XIII. 712, 2 b (LH.)- 

A'bblitks, Abelians, Abelo'nians, or Abol'- 
onites, Beet, I. 19. 

Ahelmoi'cAiu : see Oeea. 

Abek, Aven, Ebn, Ibn, Arabic patronymic pre- 
fix, I. IS. 

ABBSAtjuia [ab-e-nfi'-keez], or Abnakis, Indian 
tribes, I. IS. Their language, 20, 1 a ; XIIL 
3 a (Pbkobboots). 

ABBNOBBRi'oEB, Moorish family, I. 20. 

Abendbkeu [A'-bent-bairgj, mountain, I. 20. 
Asjlum for cretins, *J. See Cebtins. 

Abeh Ezba, or Abraham ben Meir ben Ezra, 
Jewish aoliolar, I. 20. 

Abknsbebs [S'-bence-bairg], town, I. 20. 

Aber-Sondep : see Bbeoehoce, borough, III. 
243, 1 c. 

Abkrbeothwick [ab-er-broth'-ick] ; see Ar- 
BEOATH. Aberbrothock, ib. 

Ab'kbcbombie, James, general, I. 20. 

Abkbokombie, John, physician, I, 20. 

Abehobomby, Sir Ralph, general, I. 20. 

Abbbdaee', town, I. 21. 

ABEnnEBM', New, I. 21 (ill.). Mariscbal col- 
lege, 1 c. Univeraity of Aberdeen, 2 c— Old, 
23, 1 a. King's college, ib. 

Abeedbgn', Earls of, I. 22. 

AsBBDEBN'aHiBE, county, I. 22. 

Abkedkyibe [a-ber'-de-vine], bird, I. 23. 

Ab'bhnbthy, John, surgeon, I. 33, 

Abbeba'tion, I. 33. Aberration of light, ti. 
(ill.) ; diacoYered, III. 181, 1 c. Aberration 
in optical inatruments, I. 24, 1 be (ill). 

Abeeyst'with, aeaport town, I. 34. 

Abeyance [a-ba'-ance], law term, I. 34. 

Ab'gar (or Abgarns), king of Armenia, I. 734, 
1 a ; reputed letter to Jcsua, ii. and 2 b. 

AniAi)', Babr el; see Nile. 

Abi'athab, Hebrew high priest, I. 25. 

A'bib, Hebrew month, J. 25. 

Abicd, Wilhelra Hermann [4'-bi'h], naturalist, 



dbie« [a'-be-eez], (botany), fir, VH. 207, 2 be. 
A. balsamea, 208, I a (ill.), abd other spe- 



ABRAVANEL 3 

cies.— Spruce, XV. 290, 3 be. A. nigra, 2 c 

(ill.); A. excelsa, 391, 2 c (ill.), and other 

species. A. Canadensis (for hedges), VIII. 

604, 3 c ; 630, 2 a. 
AsiM'KLECn, Philistine king, I. 25. Hebrew 

king, ib. 
Abisgbr, James, lord [ab'-iu-jer], lawyer, 1. 25. 
AE'iNBTOir, Trancea, actress, I. 25. 
AhiagenkU, XIV. 235,2 be; their aaaertions 

opposed by experiments, ib. 
Abipo'ses, Indian tribe, I. 26. 
Abjuea'tiob, Oath of, I. 36. 
Abkha'sia, or Aboliasia, I. 26. 
Ablu'tion, religious, I. 26, 
Ab'nkh, Hebrew warrior, I. 36. 
Abo (Swed. Abo, o'-bo), city, I. 37. Peace of, 

ib. 
Abo-BjSenebobo [o-bo-byor'-nBh-borg], Pin- 
land, I. 27. 
AboUtionials (a political party), I. 105, 1 a. 

See Slateey. 
Abolla: see Ayola. 
Aboma'sum, digestive caYity of ruminant ani- 

mala, XIV. 767, 2 c. 
Abomky [a-bo-ma'J, capital of Dahomey, I. 27. 
Aborioikes [ab-o-ry'-e-neez] : see Ambbioah 

Ikmans. 
Aboetion, in criminal law, I. 26. In obstetrics, 

XII. 569, 1 be. 
Aboubtr [a-boo-keer'J, Egyptian port, I. 30. 

Battle of, ib. ; XII. 220, 1 c. 
About, Edmond [5-boo], author, I. 30. 
Ahoyne caath [a-boin'], I. 23, 1 a. 
Abeaoadab'ea, magical word, I. SO ; X. 8i7, 

1 a. 
A'bbaham: see Hebrews, VIII. 582, 2 b. 
Abraham, UighU of: aee Woleb, XVI. 697, I 

c. Called plwns of Abraham, XIV. 139,1 o; 

140, 1 b; 143, 1 c; XVI. 153, 2 c. 
AflBiHAM S. Sancta Claha, preacher, I. 31. 
Abramia Irama (ichthyology), III. 240, 2 a; ill., 

1 c. 
Abranchia (order of amphibia), I. 435, 2 c 
Abbabiks [4-brfl°f'-te3], Portuguese town, I, 

31. 
ABRANTfis [a-bra'''-tace], Andocbe Junot, dake 

of, soldier, I. 31. Laure Permon Janot, 

duchess of, 2 b. Napoleon Andoche Junot, 

dnke of, 82, 1 c. Adolphe Alfred Michel 

Junot, duke of, 1 c. Jos^pliine Janot d', 1 c. 

Constance Junot d', 2 a. 
Abbat'akel, Abrabanel, or Abarbanel, Isaac 

ben Judah, Jewish author, I. 33. Leone, 



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4 ABRAXAS 

Abbax'as, mystical word, I. 32 ; IL 364, 1 a. 

Abrolhoa [fi-bro'-lyooe], islets, III. 218, I c; 
225, 2 ab; 226, 1 a. Abrolhos whale fish- 
ery, 767, 2 bo. 

Abeuzzo, or tbe Abruzzi [&-broot'-so, -Be], Ap- 
ennine provinces, I. 33. Abruzzo Oiteriore, 

1 ab. Abruzzo tllteriore 1., 1 b. Abmzzo 
Ulteriore II., 1 c. 

Aa'aiLOM, son of King David, I. 33. 
Absalom, or Asel, atatesman, soldier, and ec- 
clesiastic, I. 33. 
Abscess, I. 33. Mistaken for aneurism, 491, 

2 b. In inflammation, IX. 376, S b. Spinal, 
paoaa, and lumbar abscess, XV. 3S8, 2 ab. 

Alack'sa, in analytic geometry, I. 458, 1 a. 

Ab'sibth, or Wormwood, I. 34. 

AMnthe [Fr. ab-sS'-t], I. 34, 1 b. Effects on 
the animal system, ii. 

Alainthine [ab-sin'-tbin], I. 34, 1 b. 

Ad'solos, John, painter, I. 34. 

Ab'soujte, in philosophy, J. 34 ; XIII, 442, 1 
be, ff. See Fichte, and Hboel. 

Absolu'tion, in the Roman Catholic church, 
I. 35, XIV. 393, 3 b ; in the Episcopal and 
Lutheran churches, I. 85, 1 b. 

Absohp'tion, I. 35. Absorption of gases by 
solids and liquids, 37, 2 a. Absorption of 
heat, 88, 1 a. Absorption o£ light, 1 c. Ab- 
sorption spectrum, 3 ab (ill.). 

AbsorptioTt, in digestion, VI. 104, 3 a. 

Absorption lands, in the spectrum, I. 88, 2 b. 

Ab'stesbnce, from food, I. 89. Effects and 
result of prolonged abstinence, 3 c. 

Abatinenee, religions, distinguished from fast- 
ing, VII. 93, 1 b. 

Abstisesob, Total : see Total Abstikenob. 

Abitrieh [&p'-stri'h], in smelting, X. 260, 1 c. 

Abt, Franz [&pt], composer, I. 41. 

Abitbbeb [fl-boo-bekr"], first caliph, I. 41. 
His tomb, XI. 8S3, 1 a. 

Ahu Sanifah : see Hanipah. 

Aivl Abbas aa-SqfeA [S'-bool ab-bfts' ks-akP- 
fa], founder of the third Moslem dynasty, I. 
7, 1 b (Abbassides). 

Abulajia, Abraham ben Samuel, Spanish rabbi, 
author of the cabalistic bible, III. B21, 1 c. 

Abtil-Casih [a'-bool ka-seem'] : see Albuoa- 
81S. 

Abul Fad, vizier and writer, I. 22G, 1 a. 

Abulfaea'guts, or Abulfar^, Mar Gregorius, 
Syriac and Arabic writer, I. 41. 

Abulfaraj [fi-booj-ffi-r^'] : see Abulfaragios. 

Abcleeba, Ismail ibn Ali [fl-bool-fed'-a], Mos- 
lem prince and writer, I. 41. 



ACADIA 

Aiul Raman [k'-hoiA hils-san']: see Judah, 
Hallevi. 

Abuna mlamah [^-boo'-na sfi-lft-mA'], title of 
tbe bishop of Abyssinia, 1. 45, 3 c ; V. 331, 
1 a; VIII. 97, 1 a. 

Abo Sambul [fli'-boo sSm-bool'] : see Ipsambul. 

Abu Seid of Seraj [sa-eed'J, hero of theMaka- 
mat, VIII. 463, 2 c. 

Abu Shehb [shair] : see Bushibe. 

Abusimiel : see Ipbawbul. 

Abd Tbmak [ta-mftm'J, Arabic poet, I. 41. 

Aby'dos, city of Asia Minor, I. 41. City of 
Upper Egypt, 42, 1 ab ; bass-relief at (ill.), 
a. ; tablet of, ib. 

Ab'tla, I. 42 ; IV. 218, 3 ab. See Calpk, and 
VIII. 679, 2 c. 

Abyssih'ia, I. 43. Population, 2 c. Physical 
geography, ib. Agriculture, 44, 1 be. Ge- 
ology, 1 c. Animals, 2 c. Vegetation, 45, 
1 e. Political divisions, Ji. Inhabitants, 
3 a. History, 2 b. View near Magdala (ill.), 
48. Hill fort (ill.), 44. Abyssinian warriors 
(ill.), 46. Burning of Magdala (ill.), 47.— Lan- 
guages, VI. 750, 3 c; 752, 2 b. 

Abtssinian CHtntoH, 1. 48. Catholic and Prot- 
. Doctrines and dis- 
orders in church govern- 
ment, 49, 1 a. Version of tbe Bible, 1 be. 

Absug [4p'-tsoog], in smelting, X. 360, 1 c. 

Aoa'oia, genus of plants, I. 49. A. Nilotica 
and other speciea, 2 a. Leaf of (ill.), X. 365, 
3 o. Gum from it, VIII. 330, 3 ab. Three- 
homed, 796, 1 e ; as a hedge plant, 604, 3 b. 
Australian acacias, S. 266, 1 be. 

Acacia catechu, TV. 105, 2 a (ill.). 

Acaeius, an Arian, V. 619, 1 c, 3 a. 

Acade'mia, where Plato taught: see Gymnas- 
tics, VIII. 351, 3 a. For the locality, see 
Academy, I. 49, 3 b (Ceramieus), and the 
gate and road leading to it on the plan of 
Athens, IL 60. 

Aeadem'ic ichool, 1. 4B, 3 c; YIH. 214, 3 a. 

Aeadlmie JraTtQaise [5-k2-da-me frS"'-saiz], I. 
50, 3 c. Its French dictionary, ib. 

Aead'emitU (Platonists), I. 49, 2 be. 

Acad'emy, I. 49. Learned academies : Italian, 
60, 1 c ; French, 2 e ; Spanish, 62, 1 b ; Por- 
tugaese, 1 c; German, «&. ; Swiss, 3 a; 
Bolgic, -ift. ; Dutch, 2 b; Scandinavian, iS. ; 
Russian, 53, 1 a; British and Irish, 1 b; 
Turkish, 3 a; Australian, ib.; Asiatic, j5.; 
American, 3 b ; South American, 64, 1 a. 

Aoa'dia, or Aeadie [ak-a-d6], peninsula of 
Nova Scotia, I. 54 ; XII. 378, 2 b. 



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AOALEPH^ 

Aoam'ph^, I. 54. Ac'alephs ; see Htdeoids, 

IX. 114, 2 ab. 
A'caTtth family, fossil reptiles, VII. 614, S c, 
Aean'tkia leetula^ria, inisoct, VI. 696, 3 c. 
Acanthiai (ichthyology), VI. 183, 1 bo. A. 

Ainerioanas, 1 c ; ill., 3 a. Aoanthias of 

Europe, 2 ab. 
Acaathoeeph'ala, hooked worms, VL 668, 1 a. 
Aeanthocot^tm, III. 438, 2 c. A. Virginianus, 

437, 1 b (ill.). A. variabilis or Groenlandi- 

ous, Ic; ill., 3 a. 
Acanthoptery'giovs (in ichthyology), I, 54, 3 o. 
Aoan'thus, plant, I. 54. Corinthian capital 

suggested by it, 2 ab. A. mollis, 3 o. (ill.). 
Acan'thylu, genus of swifts (ornithology), XV. 

520, 1 b. 
Aoapploo [a-k^-pool'-ko], town, I. 64. 
Aeari'asia, cntaneons disease, VI. 6i)5, 2 b. 
Acari'na, mites, VI. 694, 2 ab ; SI. 679, 3 a. 
AoiBNi'NiA, province, I. 55, 
Ao'abub, insect, I. SB. See Epizoa, VI. 604, 

a bo. A. acabiei, IX. 469, 3 ab (iil.). A. 

domeaticus and A. destructor, XL 679, 2 be. 
Aoab'tub, mytliical, I. 65. 
Ac'oAD, ancient city, I. 55 ; IV. 230, 3 a. 
Aeeademia Plat^nica, Pontaniana, I. BO, I h. 
Acatdiana, XII. 117, 1 s. Accadian mythol- 
ogy, *S. ; dialect, XVI. 43, 1 ab. 
Accklbba'tion, I. 55. Acceleration of the 

moon, 2 b. Acceleration of the stars, 56, 1 a, 
Aoobp'tanob, in commerce, 1. 56. Acceptance 

supra protest, XIV. SI, 2 c, 82, 1 a. See 

Ebatos, Statute of, Vn. 447, 1 a. 
Aeeepted, on a bill of eschange or a draft, I. 

BT, la. 
AcoEs'sofir (to a felony), I. 68. 
Accessorp plum^ (of a feather), VII. 104, 1 be 

(ill.). 
Aceip'iter (ornithology), VIII. 530, A. Eiang, 

XV. 231, 1 a. 
Acclimating fever (Liberia), X. 897, 3 b. 
Acolima'tion, or Acclimatization, I. 59. Ac- 
climation, 1 b. Acclimatization, 3 b. 
Accolade [ak-fco-lad'], ceremony in conferring 

knighthood, IV. 496, 3 ab. 
Acool'k, Benedetto, Italian lawyer, I. 60. 
Ao'ooMACB^ county, I. 60. 
AocoB'nioif, T. 60; XIV. 342, 1 c, 2 b, 
Ao'cba, Africa, I. 60, 
Ao'oKiNOTOH, town, I, 60. 
Aociiba'tion, table posture, I. 60 (ill.). 
AcoTTM [4k'-kooni], Friedricb, chemist, I. 61. 
Acevmulaior (of a dredging machine), VI. 357, 



ACHEKUSIA 5 

Ace, in playing cards. III 783, 3 c, 

Acbl'dama, I. 61 ; IX. 612, 2 b. 

Aceph'aliL, headless mollusis, XI. 721, 1 c. 

Aoephal'ootbt, animal parasite, 1. 61 ; VI. 
683, 2 c. 

Aeeph'aUutfmtva, XI. 765, 1 b. 

Aciphalov» moHusfe, eyes of, VII, 48, 1 e, 

A'eee (botany), XI. 137, 2 b. A. saccbarinum, 
sugar maple, 138 3 ab (ill.); A. pseudo-pla- 
tanUB, sycamore maple, 140, 1 a (ill-); A, 
campestre, common European maple, 3 a 
(ill.); and other species. 

Acerafea [as-e-ra'-teez], (botany), XI. 546, 3 ab. 

Acetate of aluminum, I. 369, la. A. of ethyl. 



Acetates [as'-e-taits], T. fil. 

Acet'ic Acid, I. 61 ; 265, 2 a, 

Acetoae, I. 61, 3 a ; 62, 1 a, 

Aeeto7ie» : see Ketonbs. 

Aokt'iu:nb, a gas, I. 63 ; VII. 637, 2 c. 

Aca^AS League [a-ke'-an], 1.62. SeeGcRBBOB, 
VIII. 300, 1 b. 

AcH.i;'ABS, a diyision of the Hellenic race, I. 
63. 

AoH^MENES [a-kem'-e-neez], first of the Acbaj- 
menide, L 63; XIII. 331, 2 c. Persian sa- 
trap, I. 63, 1 c. 

Achtemen'idix, Persian dynasty, I. 63, 1 c ; 
XIIL 144, 2 a. 

Adu^n^niut (=Perfflcas), I. 63, 1 c. 

AoHAiA [a-ta'-ja], a diyision of the Pelopon- 
nesus, I. 63. 

Aokahik: see Akhaltzikh. 

Aehamoth [ak'-a-moth], in the Gnostic cos- 
mogony, VIII. 53, 1 a. 

AoHABD, Franz Karl [Jl-shar], philosopher and 
chemist, I, 63. 

AcnABD, Louis Am^d^eEugfine, novelist^ I. 63. 

Achates [a-ka'-teez], companion of jEneas, I. 

63. Fidus Achates, proTcrbial, ib. A river, 
3 b. 

AcHEBH [A-cheen'], independent sovereignty in 

Sumatra, I. 63. 
Aeheirott>petgn [a-ki-ro-top'-e-ton], a painting, 

X. 183, 1 ab. 
AoHBLOus [ak-e-lo'-ns], classic river, I. 64. 
Achelous, river god, allusion to, I. 363, 3 b. 
AcHENBAOH [a'-'hen-bS'h], Andreas, painter, I. 

64. Oswald, pdnter, 1 b. 

AcHEBON [ak'-e-ron], name of several rivers, I. 
64. The river of the lower world, 1 be; put 
for that region itself, i6. 

AcHBBu'eiA, name of lakes supposed to be con- 
nected with the lower world, I. 64. Cbasm 



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6 ACHEET 

in Bithynia, poetical entrance to the lower 

refpons, 16. 
AcHfiEY, Dom Jean Luc d' [dS-sba-re], learned 

Benedictine monk, I. 64. 
Aaheta [a-ke'-ta], (entomologj), V. 480, 2 c. 

A. domesticB, ifi. ; A, campeatria, 481, 1 ab; 

A. abbreviata, 2 a; A. nigra, 2 ab; A, vit- 

tata, 2 c. (Ills.) 
Aehild BeeMl, alchemist, I. 261, 1 b. 
AeMllea [ak-il-l6'-a], (botany), XVI. TTS, 1 b 

(ill.). A. rosea, 2a; A. ptarmica, ib. ; A. 

tomentoBa, ib, ; A. millefolium, ib. 
Aehil'hos Dro'mon, in the Tanrida, XT. 685, 2 b. 
AoHiLLKs, or Achilleua [a-kil'deez, -lace], hero 

of the Iliad, I. 64. See Poltxena. 
Achilles Tatius, astronomer, I. 65. A writer 



of 



ib. 



Achilles, iron-clad ship, 15. 383, 1 a; 386, 1 c 

(ill). 
AcHMET [&'li'-met]: see Ahmed. 
Achmttha [ak'-me-tba or ak-me'-tha], a Median 

royal residence (Ezra vi. 2), VI. 385, 1 b. 
AoHMiM : see Ekhmim. 
Admritm 5eA(Bn.feinu [a-ko'-re-on sken-li'-ne-i] ; 

see EpiPHTTKa, VI. 689, 1 b (ill.).. 
Aehroite [ak'-ro-ite], mineral, XV. 828, 1 be. 
AcHKOMATio Lens [ak-ro-mat'-ik], I. 65 (ilia.). 
AcAter Kol [^'h'-ter], name given to New Jer- 
sey by its Dutch captors, XII. 311, 1 b. 
Aektyrka: see Akhtyeka. 
Acid [as'-id], I. 66. 
Aeida, XII. 476, 1 a; XIV. 583, 2ft. Action 

npon vegetable colors, 1 0, 2 a, and IX. 250, 

1 e. 
Aeid procetif in tanning, X. 274, 1 b. 
Addim'etry, I. 322, 1 c (Alkalimetbt). 
Addom'et^, IX. 125, 1 b. 
Aon-'iue GiA'Bfiio, ManiuB, Roman general and 

consul, I. 66. 
Aem'aeea, anraent weapons, I. 734, 3 b. 
AcHni, in the tissue of the liver, X. 53T, 1 b 

(ill.). 
Aci^en'aer (ichthyology), XV. 431, 2 b. A. 

sturio, -iS. (ill.); A. osyrhyncbusi 433, 1 b; 

and other species. 
Aoi Beale [fl'-cho ra4'-la], seaport, I. 66. 
A'cis, mythical, I. 66. A river, ih. 
Aoe'bbuanh, Konrad Ernst, comedian, I. 6ft. 

Sophie Charlotte, 2 0. Dorothea, ib. Char- 
lotte, ih. 
Ao'iAND, John Dyke, British major, I. 66. 

Lady Harriet, 67, 1 a. Henry Wentworth, 

M. D., 67, 1 b. 
ACLIs'io LiHK, magnetic equator, I. G7 (ill.). 



ACEOLEINE 

Aocb'met-*, a fanatic order of monks, I. 67 ; 
discountenanced by church fathers and coun- 
cils, XL 739, 1 b (MosAomSM). 

Aeolhtiaean [S-kole-w^-k&n'], kingdom of, XL 
472, 3 a. 

Acolhuis [Jl-kole- wees'], a people of Mexico, 
XL 472, 1 c. 

Ac'oLTTK, in the Roman Catholic charch, I. 67. 

AooMA [&-ko'-ma], village, I. 67. 

AcoNCAOUA [&-kone-kfi'-gw&], province, I. 67. 
A peak of the Andes, 2 c ; 476, 1 be. 

Aconel'la, alkaloid, I, 68, 2 a. 

Ao'cNiTB, poisonous plant, I. 68. Mistaken 
for horseradish, 2 b; VIII. 830, 2 c. Medi- 
cal i!30 of, I. 68, 3 b. Remedies for its 
poison, S c. 

Aconite, Winter, plant, I. 68. 

Aeotiite poisoning, remedies for, I. 68, 2 c. 

AoosiTii [ak-o-nish'-a]: see Aconite. 

Aeoni'twm (botany), I. 68, 3 ab. A. napellos 
(monkshood), ib. (ill.). A. lycoctonom, iS. 
A. (erox, ih. 

Ae'oru» cal'amus, reed used as a pen, III. 565, 
2 b (ill.). 

AcosTA [d-koce'-ta], Joag de, Spanish writer, 
I. 69. Uriel, Jewish writer, 1 a. Joaqnin, 
historian, 1 o. 

Aeoygtie n&rve, Helmholtz's theory of its es- 
citation, VHI. 624, 1 ab. 

AcoTTSTica [a-kooa'-tiks], I, 69 ; laws of, with 
illustrations. Application of to architec- 
ture, I. 72, 1 0. 

Acoutado, island, discovery of, and occasion of 
the name, VIT. 604, 2 c. 

AcQuAviTA, Claadiode [&k-kwa-v6'-va], a gen- 
eral of the Jesuits, I. 73. 

AcQUiVlVi DBLLE ToNTI, tOWn, I. 73. 

AcQci [fLk'-kwe], town, I. 72. 
A'cBB, measure of land, I. 72. 
AcBE, or St, Jean d'Aere [sS,'' ihi"" dSfcr"], 



t, LI 



V of, 73. 



AcRELius, Israel [S-kra'-le-oos], clergyman, I. 
73. 

Acris (zoClogy), XV. 854, 2 o. A. gryllns. Sa- 
vannah cricket, 856, 1 a. 

Acrooebau'bia, mountain peak in Epirus, I. 
73. 

AereceraTmian movntains, IV. 308, 2 c, 

AcTOCorin'thvf, mountain fortress, V. 352, 2 
b; 353, 1 ab. 

Ac'roffens (botany), a division of cryptogamoos 
plants, X. 408, 1 c. 

Aerolmne [a-kro'-le-in] ; see Glycebihk, VIH, 
47, 2 c. 



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ACROLITH 

Af^rolith, ia statuary, XIII, 338, 1 a. 

AoEOP'oLis, I. 73. Of Athens, II. 64, 1 c, S a ; 
view of, 61 ; ground plan of, tS. ; its edifieea, 
62, 1 a, B4, 1 b. 

Ae'TO»piTe (of malt), III. 258, 1 a, b, e ; 2 c. 

Acryd'ium (entomology), X, 570, 2 b ; 571, 1 a. 

Act : seo Bin. 

Act of the party (in distinction from " act of 
thelaw"), I. 313, 3 a. 

Act of gupreiaaey (English), powers conferred 
by it, VI. 923, 1 a. 

Act of uniformity, to enforce obseryance of 
the Anglican church service, VI. 139, 1 c. 
New act of uniformity, ii. 

Ac'ta Dioh'sa, in ancient Rome, I, 73; 137, 
2 c. 

Acta Disputationie S. Arehelai, XI. 106, 3 c. 

Acta ERnBiTo'BCK, I. 74; XIII. 396, 3 h. 

AelaMdrtyrum, I. 74, 1 b (Acta Samotokum). 

Acta Sanoto'eum, Acta Martyrnra, Martyrol- 
ogy, I. 74. See Bollanb, III. 1 b. 

Aeta'a epiea'ta, cohosh, or black snakeroot, V. 
23, 2 c (ill). 

AoT^'oN, mythical, I. 74; IV. 614, 1 c, 

Actaoji (mollusk), XL 733, 3 c. 

Ae'tia, festival, XII. 436, 2 b. 

Ac'tian Games, Roman, I. 74. 

Actina'ria (polyps), XIII. 689, 3 ab. 

Aotim'ia, marine animals, I. 74. A. Jordaica, 
75, 2 a. Fringed actinia, ib. (ills., 74). 

Aetinie rays, X. 440, 3 a. See AcriNisia. 

Ao'tinism, property of the solar rays, I. 75 ; 
ill., 76. 

Aetinoeri'mu (fossU animal), VI. 593, 1 b (ill.). 

Ae'tinoids (polyps), XIII, 689, 3 b. 

Actin'otife, mineral, VIII. 831, 1 b. 

AoTtNOM'KTBR, for measuring the heat of the 
flolar rays, I. 76. 

Actin'ophryt, animalcule, I. 515, 3 b. 

Ao'tion, in law, I. 76, Canse of, 3 c ; civil, 77, 
1 a ; criminal, tfi. ; against a sovereign, 1 c. 

Action (of piano), XIII. 490, 3 c; English, 
Reyel, or direct, 489, 1 ab. 

Actifurm Bartra'mius, sandpiper, bird, XIII. 
619, 1 (ill), 

Actitim [ak'-te-um], I. 77; naval battle at, Hi. 

Aetiue, surname of Apollo, I. 74, 3 a. 

Ao'xoN, Sir John Francis Edward, Neapolitan 
prime minister, 1, 77 ; erroneously called Jo- 
seph, a. (see IV. 14, 1 b), Charles J. Ed- 
ward, 78, 1 a. Joseph Edward, ib. Gteorge, 
rear admiral, ib. Ferdinand R, E., ib. Sir 
John Emeric Edward Dalberg- Acton, 1 b. 

Ao'tok Bue'mbll, English statute, L 78. 



ADASra 7 

AetoT, plaintiff under Roman law, IX. 733, 1 b. 
Aet» of 1689 and 1701, limiting the succession 

of the English crown, II. 640, 2 ab; terms 

of, VII. 703, 1 c. 
Acts of the Apostles, one of the books of 

the New Testament, I, 78. 
AeU ofPUate (apocryphal), VIII, 132, 3 c. 
Actual energy: see CoKeBLATiotr of Forces, 

V. 379, 2 be. 
Actuaries' table, X. 429, 3, 
Acueo [S-koo'-ko], old Indian town, I. 67, 2 a 

(ACOMA). 

Acumin'eum, Roman fortress, XIII. 361, ! a. 

AouSa, Cristobal de [da S-kooa'-ya], mission- 
ary, I. 79. 

Ac'upressure (in amputation), I. 443, 1 c. 

Ao'npnNOTUBB, I, 79. Infanticide by, 1 e. 

As!mn, the [as'-vin], Indian divinities, IX. 323, 
2 c. Ajvins of the Hindoo Vedas, VII. 
63, 1 b. 

A'da, county, I. 79. 

Adaie', name of three counties, I. 79. 

Adaie, Sir Robert, diplomatist, I. 79. 

Adal', or Adel, Africa, I. 79. 

An' ALBERT, or Aldebcrt, bishop and mission- 
ary, I. fiO. Saint, 1 h. Archbishop, 1 c. 

Adalubrt, Heinrich Wilhelm, prince, I, 80, 

Abalia, or SattaliL-h [S dS'-ie-a, sat-tS'-Je-eii], 
seaport, I. 80. 

Adam, the first man, I. 80. 

Aham, Adolphe Charles [S-da""], composer, I. 
80, 

Adam, Albrecht, painter, I, 80. 

Adam, Alexander, teacher and grammarian, I. 
81, 

Adam of Bbbmen, missionary, I. 81, 

Adam de la Hallb [S^A^" dUh la al], tron- 
vSre, I, 81. 

Adarna [Si-isr-mt'], a Foolah chieftain, I, 81,2 a. 

Adamantine candles [ad-a-man'-tin], substance 
of, II. 313, 3 b. 

Adamawa [a-da-ma'-wa], a country of Africa, 
1.81, 

Adam Mtz Adam, pseudonyrae : see Moore, 
Edward, 

Ad'amitbb, fanatical sect, I, 81 ; XV. 140, I 
ab, 

Adams, name ot eight counties, I. 81. 

Adams, township, I. 82, 

Adamt, Alvin : see Espkess, VII. 40, S b. 

Adams, Charles Baker, chemist and zoologist, 
I 83. 

Adams, Charles Francis, statesman, I, 83. Dis- 
sents from views of the whig party, 83, 1 



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8 ADAMS 

be ; candidate of the free-soil party for 
vice president, ib. ; minister to England, 3 
a ; member of the GreneTan board of arbi- 
trators, 2 c. Charles Francis, jr., 84, 1 b, 

Adams, Edwin, actor, I. 84. (Died 18T8.) 

Adams, Hannah, American writer, I. 84. 

Adams, Henry Broohi, 84, 1 c. 

Adams, Br. Isaac, introduction of electropla- 
ting in nickel, VII. 601, 1 b ; plating bath, iS. 

Adams, John, second president of the United 
States, I. 84. His participation in the colo- 
nial straggles, 85-87; in the struggle for 
independence, 88, 89. Appointed minister to 
England, 2 o. Chosen vice president, 90, 
1 c ; reelected, 2 c. Elected president, 91, 
1 C ; his administration, 91-93. Incidents 
of his retirement from office, S4, S. Eeli- 
gious views, 96, 1 b; advocates religions 
freedom and equality, 1 c. Publication of 
the Cunningham correspondence, 2 c. Char- 
acterization, 90, 2 a, 97, 1 a. 

Adams, John (Alexander Smith), mutineer, I. 
97. 

Adams, John, LL. D., teacher and philanthro- 
pist, I. 98. 

Adams, John Couch, astronomer, I. 98 ; X. 
878, 3 c. 

Abams, John Qnincy, sixth president of the 
United States, I. 98, Appointed by Wash- 
ington minister to the Hague, 99, 1 c. Sep- 
arates from the federal party, 2 be. Charges 
the federal leaders with treasonable de- 
signs, 100, 1 0. Minister to Russia, 2 c. 
Appointed with others to negotiate a peace 
with England, 101, 1 b. Secretary of state, 

1 c. Defence of Gen. Jackson, 2 ah. Mis- 
souri compromise, cabinet history of it, 

2 c. Canvass for Monroe's successor in the 
presidency, 103, 1 c. Elected president, S 
he ; ooalidon against him, 103, I a ; chaise 
of bargain and corruption, 1 o ; IV. 654, 1 c. 
Jefferson's opinion of Jackson as a president, 
I, 102, 2 o. His congressional career, 104, 
2 a. His defeat of the proposed vote of cen- 
sure, 105, 1 c. Comparison of father and 
son, 106, 1 a. 

Adams, John Quincy, son of Charles Francis, 

I, 83, 2 c. 
Adams, Nehemiah, D. D., clergyman, I. 106. 
Adams, Samuel, revolutionary patriot, I. 106, 
Adams, William, D, D., clergyman, I. 110, 
Adams, William T, (Oliver Optic), 1. 110. 
Adama and Clay, charge of bargain and cor- 
ruption, 1. 103, 1 e ; IV. 654, 1 c. 



ADHED 

AdwrrCi Bridge^ between Ceylon and the main- 
land, SI V. 195, 2 bo. 

Adam's Peak, or Hamazel, mountain, I, 110; 
IV. 219 (ill.). 

Adana [i-da'-na], town, I. 110. 

Adanson, Michel [a-da^-sC*], naturalist, I. 111. 

Adanso'nia, gouty stem tree, in Australia, SV. 
190, 2 b. 

Adansonia digitata, tree in Africa, II. 289, 2 e 

(111.). 

A'dar, Hebrew month, I. 111. 

Adar, in Babylonian mythology, SII. 118, 1 a, 

AdaH : see Haear. 

Adarkon, or darkemon, a coin mentioned in 
Chronicles, Ezra, and Kehemiah (in the He- 
brew), V, 686, 2 b (ill.). 

Ad'da, river, I, 111, 

Addax, cervine antelope, I. 545, 3 b. A. naso- 
maculatus (ill.), ib. 

Adder : see Viper. 

Adder, Etiropean viper, XVI. 367, 3 o. Ptiff 
adder, 866, 2 ab. 

Adder, counting machine, I. 5, 1 b. 

Adder's tongue, fern, VII. 151, 1 ab (ill). 

Ad'odtoton, county, I. 111. 

Addington, Anthony, physician and medical 
writer, I. Ill, 2 a. 

Addinotos, Henry, Lord Sidmouth, statesman, 
I. 111. Henry Hnwin, diplomatist, 2 c. 

Ad'dison, county, I, 111, 

Addison, Joseph, English author, I. 112. 

Adei.' : see Adal. 

Adelaab, Adelaer, or Adeler [&'-dSh-lar, -ler], 
naval officer, I. 113, 

Ad'elaidk, city, I. 113. 

Adblaidb, Eugenie Louise, princess of Orleans, 
(Fr. Adilaide, S-da-Iide), I. 113. 

Adklaidb, Saint, queen and empress, I. 113. 
See Otho L, XH. 729, 2 a. 

Adelantado [Sp. &-(Afl-14n-tfi'-(AoJ, provincial 
governor, XVI. 759, 2 b. 

Adelar'di family, referred to, VI. 739, 2 ab, 

Adelsbkbq- [fi'-delce-bairg],. Austrian town, I. 
114. Celebrated caverns in its vicinity, ih. 

Adeluno, Johann Christoph [a'-dEh-]oong], 
lesicographer, I. 114. Friedrich von, phi- 
lologist, 2 b. 

Ademption (of a legacy), X. 316, 2 a. 

Aden [a'-den], seaport town, 1. 114. 

Adebno [S-dSir'-no], town of Sicily, I. 115. 

Adet, Pierre Augusto [a-dl], chemist and poli- 
tician, L 115. 

Adhed, fourteenth and last caliph of the Fati- 
mite dynasty, VH. 94, 2 ab. 



,y Google 



ADHEHBAL 

Adher'bal, king of Numidin, IX. T03, 3 a. 

Adhb'sion, I. 115. Diatingaished from cohe- 
sion, a., and V. 20, 2 ab. Of solids to sol- 
ids, I. 315, 1 0. PrecLtl's adhesion balance 
(ill.), 2 a. Adhesion of liquidB to solids, 116, 
la; of liquids to liquids, 1 c; of gases to 
aolids,3a; of gases to liquids, 2 c; of gases 
to gases, 117, 2 a. Water bellows, 116, 3 c; 
II. 748, 2 be. 

Adian'tum (fern), VII. IBO, 3 a. A. pedatuni, 
maiden-hwr (ill.), iJ. 

Adiaphori»'tio controversy in the Lutheran 
ehureh, X. 78S, 1 b. See Mblanchthor, XI. 
366, 2 a. 

Aotgb [fi-de'-js], river, 1. 117. 

Adipoobeb', r. 117. Petrifaction so called, 
118, 1 a. 

Ad'ifosb Substances, I. 118. 

AurpoBK Tissue, I. 119. 

Ambon'd&ok MocNTAiNS, I. 130 (map); B89, 
2 b; XIL 854, S 0, ff. View from Placid 
lake (ill.), I. 131. Village of, 123, 1 a. 

Ad'it, passage into mines, 1. 132 ; XI. 571, 1 c. 

Aditi [g-de'-te], a Hindoo divinity, IX. 338, 3 b. 

Aditya* [fl-deet'-yfis], Hindoo divinities, VII. 
63, 1 b ; IX. 223, 3 b. 

Ad'jtjtant, military officer, I. 123. 

AanrTAHT BiBD : aeeMABABOtr. 

AdjM, divisions of the Koran, X. 45, 1 a. 

Adler: see Aquiu, Kaspar. 

A»LEEBEBa [dd'-ler-bairg], Vladimir Fedoro- 
vitch, count, 1. 123. Adlerberg H., Alexan- 
der, connt, I c Adlerberg III., Nicholas, 2 a. 

ADLEHOEEgTz, KarlJohan [M'-ler-kroita], count, 
I. 123. 

ADLBBSPiEEG, Georg, count [ad'-ler-spar-r6h], 
1. 123. Earl August, count, 3 o. 

AnsfB'Toa, mythical, I. 133. 

AdminUtra'tioii, in distinction from cabinet, 
m. 525, 1 c. 

AnMiH'iaTEATOR : see Exectjtob. 

Ad'mieal, naval officer, I. 124. Vice admiral, 
1 b. Lord high admiral, 1 e. General ad- 
miral (Russian navy), 3 a. 

AdmiraU (British), red, white, and bJue, I. 
134, 1 c. 

Ad'miealty, I. 124. In England, 3 a. In 
France, 135, 3 o. In Ireland, 12G, 1 a. In 
the United States, I abj 137, 3 c. 

Admiralty anchor, I. 466, 1 a. 

AdMTBALTI lBI.ANDa, I. 138. 

Admonition, ecclesiastical, 1, 138. 
AdiMn'itor (Jesuit), IS, 627, 2 ab. 
Ad'nate (anther), in botany, I. 647, 3 a. 



ADULTERATION 9 

Abo'be HotrsES, I. 128. 

AdoUs'eence, first period of adult life, I, 181, 

1 a. 

Aiolph o/N'oisau (Count Adolphus), archbish- 
op, sacking of Mentz and dispersion of 
Faust's printers by, VII. 97, 1 e. See Peikt- 
iso, XIII. 846, 3 b. 

AiioL'pinjs, John, advocate and author, 1. 138. 
John Leycester, barrister, 129, 1 a. 

Adolphus Fbedeeick, king of Sweden, I. 129. 

Adolphtts of Nassau, German sovereign, 
L 129. 

Adona'i, in the reading of the Hebrew Scrip- 
tures, I. 139 ; IX. 600, 1 a. 

Ado'nia, feasts, I. 139. Typical significance 
of, ib. 

Ado'nis, mythical, I. 139. See XIL 118, 1 c. 

AdoTtis, ancient name of a river, XIII. 452, 1 c. 
Legend connected with it, ib. 

Adoptia'ni, Christian sect, I. 130. 

Adopting act, referred to, XIII. 812, 3 h. 

Adoption (of another's child), I. ISO. 

AdoraMon, in the observance of Good Friday, 
VIIL 101, 1 c. 

Adoration perpUuelle [tt-do-rS-se-o"' pair-pa- 
tO-El], a religious order, V. 215, 2 b. 

Adotjr [S-door], river of France, I. 130. 

Ad'owa, Abyssinian town, 1. 130. 

Adrami'tw, Arabian tribe, VIIL 370, 1 a. 

Adbastb'a, goddess, I. 131. 

Adbas'tus, legendary king, I. 131. 

Adbia [S'-dre-a], Italian town, 1. 131 ; 838, 2 a. 

A'dbian, city, I. 131. Adrian college, I c. 

Adrian : see Hadrian. 

Adrian, name of several popes, 1, 131. Nicho- 
las Breakspear, Adrian IV., 2 ab. Boeijens, 
Adrian VI., 2 o. 

Adetano'plb, city, I. 133. 

Adriansz, Jacob [&'-dre-ance] : see Metius (In- 

Adbiat'io Sea, 1. 132 ; SI. 354, 1 c. Espousal 
of by the doge of Venice, instituted, I. 379, 

2 a. See III. 87S, 3 b ; XVI. 298, 1 c, 399, 2 b. 
Ad-rig: see Ratbe, XIV. 218, 1 bo. 
Adrogation, 1. 180, 1 c (Adoption). 
Adrume'tum ; aee Hadeumetum. 
Adula'ria, phosphorescence of, XIII. 463, 1 c. 
Adul'lam, in ancient Palestine, I. 132. Gave 

Adulteea'tion, I: 133. See Myeek, XII. 112, 
1 a; PiOKLES, XIIL 499, 1 c, 2 a. Adultera- 
tion of honey, VIII. 794, 1 b ; of malt liquors, 
III. 263, 3 b; of sherry wine, XV. 324, 1 b, 
ff. (Spain, Wines of). 



,y Google 



10 



ADULTEBY 



Ainn.'TBBT, I. 1S4. In civil cases, 1 a. The 

criminal oSence, 136, S c. 
Adultery act (of 1650), I. I3G, I c. 
Advanobmbst op BoiENOB, Associations for 

tlie, 1. 187. 
Ad'vbnt, in the chureb calendar, I. 137, 
AdventUts : see Beconb Advbntists. 
"^dienfuj-fr," periodical, VIII, B31, 1 bo. 
Adtbetisewent [ad-ver'-tiz-ment], public noti- 
fication, 1. 137. 
"AdiiertUer, Dailj/," of Boston, VIII. 390, 2 a. 
AdtertUing (newspaper), rates o:^ I. 139, 1 c; 

Huma paid for it annually, 2 a, b, c. 
Adjiertuing agermies, 1. 138, 2 c ; first in Ameri- 
ca, 139, 1 b. 
Ab'vooatk : see LiwysB. 
Adtocate General: see Fessiosaey, Grand. 
Adrouatea, French, qualiScations and privileges 

of, VIII. SOT, 1 b. 
Advoeatua Dei, I. liO,! a (Ahvocatus Diaboli). 
Advooa'tu3 Diab'oli, in the Eomaa Catholic 

chnrch, I. 139; HI. 716, 3 b. 
Abtow'son, in English law, I. 140. 
jE, abbreviation, XII. 635, 2 b. 
^acides [e-as'-e-deez], I. S4, 2 a (Achilles), 
.^'aoits, mythical, I. 140; XIV. 284, 2 b. 
.tSati'l^r, a Eoman lady's oath, IV. 88, 1 b. 
.Mcid'ium (fungns), referred to, VII. 532, 2 c, 
j^'depol, a form of oath among Eomans, IV. 

88, 1 b. 
./Ed^siui, nephew of Meropina of Tyre, I, 48, 

lb. 
^dic'ula, apartment for the Roman household 

lares, X. 171, 1 b. 
ManxA [S'-diles], Roman, T. 140. 
^'dtti, or Hedui, I. 140 ; III. 157, 3 b. 
jEga'hnim : sea Cabha. 
MoMos [e-je'-on] : see Bbiabf.us. 
JEsjEUS, legendary king, I. 140. 
Moe'as Sea ; see Abchipblago, and MEDrcEB' 

KANBAN Sea. 
^ge'ria, motli, VHI. 532, 2 a; 533, 2 b (ill.). 
,MgialJa, I. 63, 1 c (Aohaia). 
^giali'tU (ornithology), IS. 831, 1 c (ill.). 
Mgilopi ova'ta (botany), XVI. 586, 1 b. 
jEoi'na, or Egina, island, I. 140. 
^ine'tan leulpturea, I. 141, 1 a (^giwa). 
^gi'othtu (ornithology), X. S12, 1 b. M. !i- 

narius, 2 a (ill.). M. oanesoens, 2 c. 
jS^V [a'-gher], Scandinavian deity, referred 

to, VI. 400, 1 a. 
^'oia, a shield, I. 141. 
j£gu'»m: see Tultcha. 
^Gis'inns, ancient king, 1. 141 ; 172, 1 b. 



^opVmy, SIII. 611, 1 e (Pledeisy). 
jEgospot'ami, battle of, II. 56, 1 be ; VIII. 195, 

1 ab. 
j^gu'sa: see Fatiqnaha. 
jEgyp'tug, in Greek mythology, V. 662, 1 c. 
jSlanit'ic gulf, I. 225, 2 b. 
.^'llaOapitohVa, 1. 141; VIII. 594, 3 b; IX. 

621, 2 a. 
^lia'nm, general, II. 215, ] a. 
iEuAS-ua, Claudius, author, 1. 141. 
Aello [a-el'-lo], mythical, VIII. 474, 1 c. 
^LST, or Aalst [Hat], town: see Alost. 
^isT, or Aalst, Evert Tan, painter, I. 141, 

Wiliera van, 1 c. 
jSmil'ian way, XIII. 487, 2 ab. 
jSntilim Lepidua, referred to, XIV. 261, 1 ab. 
jEMiuna PArLua, I. 141. I.: see Paolcs, L. 

MtiiiAVS. II. (Paolo Emilio), historian, 3 a. 
JEnaHa: see Ischia. 
JJnb'as, Trojan prince, I. 141. 
^BEAB SYxVnrs: see Pius II. (pope), XIII. 



^'nva, river, IX. 285, 3 e. 

jEo'Kib In'mla, X. 617, 1 ab. 

jEolian attaehment, to piano, XIII. 491, 2 c, 

.^OLiAN Habp, I. 141 ; ill., 142, Its harmonic 

tones, I. 71, 2 a. 
-^OLLAif Isles r see Lipaki Islands. 
.^lian league, I, 142, 1 c; II. 17, 1 a. 
^OLiAua, division of the Hellenic race, I. 142. 
^'ol'ie dialect, VIII. 207, 2 c. 
^'olids, ancient race of heroes, I. 142, 2 a. 
iEoL'ipyLE, or .Molipile, I. 142. 
^'oLis, district of Asia Minor, I. 142, 
^'oLus, mythical Hellenic king, I. 143. A 

subordinate god, ruler of the winds, 3 a. 
^'os, in Gnosticism, 1. 142 ; II. 364, I a ; VIH, 

52, 2 c. 
.Spi'bus, Johann [Ger. a-po'-noos], I. 142. 

Franz Ulrich Theodor, physicist, 3 c, 
-lEpyor'nia (ornithology), I. 607, 2 a. 
^'lui, jEquic'oli, or ^ijuicula'ni, I. 143; 

IX. 439, 2 a. 
jEguum Falkeum, or Falitca: see Faleeii. 
^Ta'Hum,, Roman state treasury, VIL 215, 2 be 

(Free). 
Aerial acid [fl-S'-re-al], 11. 658, 1 c. 
Aerial gulf ttream, I. 148, 1 a; effect <m the 

winter temperature of England, ih. 
Airial »Mp», 1. 150, 2 c. 
AEmANS [a-e'-re-ans], semi-Arian sect, I. 143. 
Avridm [il-6r'-e-deez], fur plants, I. 318, 3 b. 



, Google 



aEeiform bodies 

Aeriform hcdies [^'-er-e-form], chemica! con- 
ditions of, S. 708, 1 b. 

Aerius [a-e'-re-us], founde'r of the sect of Aeri- 
ans, 1. 143, 1 b. 

A'iro-dynam'ie prolUmi, XIII. 639, 1 c. 

Aeboe, or ArrOe [a'-rtih, ^r'-rilli], island, 1. 143. 

AfiHOEu'sosooPB, weather-Bignal instrument, 

I. 143. 

AiEOLiTB [a'-er-o-Iite], I. 143, Stony aCro- 
litea, 145, 1 a; metallic, iS. 'Widmaniiataett'a 
figures, 1 c (ill.). 

A'eromaney, S. 846, 2 c (Haoic). 

AEbom'etbb, I. 145. 

Alnmautkal eaciety, 1. 150, 3 c. 

AfiEONATi'Tioa, or Aerostation, I. 145 ; illustra- 
tiona, 146, 14S, 150. 

Aefviutute, ditUngtiished, I. 145-150. 

Aerostation .• see AfiEONAUxioB. 

jSrfftffi [air'-tha] : see Hbbtda. 

.iSi [eez], nnit of Roman money, XI. 738, 1 a. 

yPsofon Uth^faVoo (omithoSogy), XIII. 508, 
lb. 

MarmmEB [es'-ke-neez], Athenian orator, I. 
151. Philosopher, 1 c. 

.^soEYxus [es'-fce-lna], tragedian, I. 151. In- 
effectual Btmggle against the popular inno- 
vations of Pericles, XIII. 292, 1 c. 

.MscrLi'pirs, mythical, 1. 152. His temple at 
Athens, site of, 11. 61, 1 c. 

j&euline [es'-ka-lin], its fluorescence, VII. 
390, 3 b. 

./Sscaltcs {hotrnj}: see Hoesb Chestnut. 

-^er'nia: see Iseesia. 

^mi'na (dragon fly), VI. 240, 1 a. 

JEdr [fl'-ser] : see Odis. 

.Mais, u^Mwn : see Jesi. 

.lEaop, fabulist, I. 153. 

jEso'pus, Olodias, actor, I. 1S3. 

.^btabt'ics, 1. 153. Founder of the science of, 

II. 377, 1 c. 

j^mnetet [e-sim'-ne-teez], official title, XIII. 

554, 1 c. 
jEfha'lia, VI. 492, 2 c (Elba). 
JSthalium (fungus), rapid growth of, VII. 

530, 1 a ; in greenhouse hotbeds, 533, 2 a. 
jEthelin^a feth'-e-lings], Anglo-Sason nobility, 

I. 4951, 3 b. 
jE' titer: see Ether. 
j^Jlher, in the Orphic cosmogony, XII. 711, 



Mthiop'iia, a romance, VIH. 619, 1 b. 
jE'thiopi mineral, IV. 600, 1 be. 
jE'tbriosoope, I. 154 (ill.). Its use as a hy- 
drometer, 2 c. 



ArRICAIT 



11 



j^thu'sa : see Fatiosana. 

Aetian heresy, so called, I. 155, 1 a. 

Aitians [a-e'-shanz], followers of Aetius, I. 
700, 3 a. 

AfiTiou [fl-e'-te-on], painter, 1. 154. 

Aetics [a-6'-shus], beresiarch, so styled, I. 
154; 700,2 a. 

Afiirus, a general, I. 155. 

.^EtoVatis (ichthyology), XIV. 323, 1 be. 

Mio'uik, in Greece, I. 156. 

Afanasieff, Alexander Niltolaievitch [S-fa-nfi- 
se-ef], Russian author, I. 156. 

A'fbr, Domitius, orator, I. 156. 

Affwr', Mohammedan nation, I. 79, 2 c. 

AffieU* [af-feesh], 1. 137, 3 c. 

Affida'vit, in law, 1. 157. Form and nature 
of, 1 b and c. Persons who may take affi- 
dayits, 3 ab. Affidavit of merits, 3 c. 

AFFtN'iTT, personal, I. 158. 

Affinity, Chemical, I. 158. How different 
from cohesion, 2 ab. How effected, 3 c 
Changes produced by it, 159, 1 ab. Degrees 
of strength among different elements, 1 c. 
Origin and development of the theory of 
affinities, II. 558, 3 b (Bekomak). 

ArFinHA'TiON, in law, I. 159. 

Affonso, 1. 295 (Aijonso). Dulie ; see Bbagak- 
CA, House of. 

Affray', XIV. 843, 2 c (Riot). 

Affbb, Denis Auguste [afr'J, archbishop, 1. 159. 

Affrontk [af-fr6«-taj, in heraldry, VIII. 673, 
lb. 

Affusion, as a form of baptism, II. 390, 3 ab, 

Afghan language and literature, I. 163, 2 c; 
IX. 346, 1 b (Irahio Racks anh Languages). 

Afghan 1ST ah', 1. 160 (map). Physical features 
and climate, ib. Government, 3 a. Princi- 
pal tribes, 2 ab. Religion, 3 c. History, 
ih. Attempted occnpation by the British, 
161, 1 c ; its disastrous failure, 3 b. 

AntTM Kaba-Hissab [fl-fe-oom' ka'-ra-his- 
sar-j, Turkish city, I. 163. 

Afbaq'ola, town, 1. 163, 

Afea'htcs, Lucius, Roman orator, I, 163, 

AE'raoA, I. 168. (Map,) Physical features, 2 a. 
Coast line, 3 b. Mountain system, 164, 1 c. 
Deserts, 165, 1 ab; Sahara, ib. Southern 
Africa, 165, 3 c. Nile, 166, 3 ab. Lakes, 
167, 1 a. Geology, 2 b. Fauna, 168, 1 be. 
Flora, 169, 1 b. Population, 1 o. Political 
divisions, 169, 3 ab. Discoverers, 170, 3 a. 
Slave trade, suppression of, 171, 1 a. 

Africa, Languages of, I, 171, 

A/riean colonization: see Cart, Lott; Ash- 



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12 



AFRICAN 



wrN, Jehndi; Colonization Society; Li- 

BEBIA ; SlEBRA LeONE. 

African fever, X. 397, 2 b. 

African Hoaeins, the : see Aldridqe, Ira, 

African rose, XIII. 714, 2 c. 

African travel, recent ; see Ba.keb, Sir Samuel 
White ; Babth, Heinrich ; Beke, Charles 
Tilstone ; Bitbton, Richard Francis ; Dv 
Ohaillh, Paul Belioni ; Grant, James 
Aaguatas ; IIbuglin, Theodor von ; Livinq- 
6T0NB, Dayid; Nachtigal, Gustay ; Rohlfs, 
Gerhard ; Sohweisfdbth, Georg August ; 
Speke, John Hanning; Staklby, H. H. 

Africanders, of Cape Colony, III. 742, 3 e. 

AFBicA'nua, Seitus Julius, early Christian 
writer, I. 171. 

Afternoon lady, plant, SI. 216, 1 b (Maevel 

Afze'iius, Adam, natiiraliBt, I. 171. Arvid 

August, author, 2 b. 
Ao'a, title, I. 171 ; IS. 526, 1 c. 
Ao'adez, African city, I. 171. 
Agacib [ag-a-deer"], seaport, I. 172. 
Agalmat'olite, otftgure stone, XII. 490, 1 b. 
Ag'ama (lizard), IX. 178, 3 c (iU., 17fl). 
Aoamem'hon, legendary hero, I. 171. 
Agamten'ticva, now York, Me., VIII. 113, 2 c. 
Ag'ami, bird, 1. 172 (H].). 
Agamogen'esit, XIII. 132, 2 a (Pabthenogene- 

818). 

Aoanip'fe, fonntmn, I. 173. 
Aganip'pide» (the mueeB), 1. 172, 2 b. 
Ag'jp^, in the ancient church, I. 172. 
Agapan'thti* uvibella'tut (botany), X. 473, 1 h. 
Agapbmonb [ag-a-pem'-o-ne], or Abode of 

Love, fanatical sect, 1. 172. 
Agapb't.e, in tlie ancient church, I, 173. 
Affapeti, I. 173, 1 a (Aqapet.*:). 
Agapomis (parrot), XIII. 127, 1 a. 
Aoard', Arthur, antiquary, 1. 173. 
Aqardh [&'-gard]. Earl Adolf, naturalist, I. 

173. Jacob Georg, his son, 1 b. 
Aq'abio, Mineral, I. 173. Birch agaric (fun- 
gus), 1 c (Agaeictb), 
Agab'icus, fungus, I. 173 ; XII. 70 (Mnan- 

eoom). Rapid growth of, VII. 530, 1 a; 

expansive force, ib. ; luminosity, 1 b. A. 

oampestria, VII. 630,2 b; XII. 71, 1 ah (ill.). 

A. arvensis, XII. 71, 1 b (ill.). A. procerus, 3 

b (ill.). A. muscarius, VII. 531, 1 a (ill.) ; 

as 8 fly poison, 1 h. A. eaudicinus, 530, 3 c. 

Agarici (classification of), 6S3, 3 o. 
Ag'as (of Bosnia), III. 112, 2 a. 
AaA'fliAs, sculptor, 1. 178, 



AGGERHUUS 

Agassiz, Louis John Rudolph [ag'-as-se], nat- 
uralist, I. 173. His work on fossil fishes, 
174, 2 c Relation of the Creator to the 
universe, 175, 1 a. History of the fresh- 
water fishes, 1 c. Nomeiiclator Zoologicus, 
3 a. Hia glacial theory, 2 c. Residence ia 
the United States, 176, 1 b. Claasiflcation 
of insects, VI. 062, 1 o; of fishes, IX, 161, 

1 b, 2 c. On animal development, VII, 11, 

2 b; fossil ichthyology, 240, 2 be; cranial 
vertebne, XIIL 425, 2 b. (Died 1873.) 

Ag'ate, mineral, I. 177. Derivation of the 

word, L 63, 3 b. 
Agate de la aainte ckapelle [Jl-gat dilh IS sa°'t 

shfirpel], (cameo). III. 652, 1 a. 
Ag'atha, Saint, I. 179. 
Abathabohidbs, or Agatharchns [ag-a-thar'- 

ke-deez, -kus], geographer, I. 179. 
Agatharchus, geographical writer (AsATnAH- 

AGiTnAit'onuB, artist, I. 179. 
AaATH'iAS, Byzantine writer, I. 179, 
AoATHOOLBS [a-gath'-o-klecz], I. 179 ; IV. 38, 

1 c. Gold coin of, II. 208, 1 o (ill.). 
Ao'ATHoif, poet, L 179. 

Aoa'vb, plant, 1. 179. A. Americana (Ameri- 
can aloe), 2 (ill., 180) ; IIL 665, 2 b. 

Agawam', IX. 344, 2 c (Ipswioh) ; XV. 289, 1 
b (Springfield). 

Agoe [agd], city, 1. 180. 

AoB, an historic period, I. 180. Duration of 
human life, 181, 2 ah. Age of bmte ani- 
mals, 183, 2 a ; of plants, 183, 3 c. 

Age, legal, I. 181, 1 c, 3 a. 

Age of decrepitude, in ancient art, SII. 796, 

3 b. 

Ageing, in eaJico printing. III. 596, 2 e ; in 

dyeing, VI. 340, 1 a. 
Agelaim pk<enieeiis (ornithology), II. 675, 2 b 

(ill.). 
AoEN [5-zli3°'], town, I. 185. 
Agen'da, litur^cal hook, XVI. 116, 2 c. 
Agen'dieMm, ancient town : see Sens. 
Agent, in law, I. 185. 

yentt de change [a-zhi"' diih 9li&'"zli], in the 

Paris bourse, XV. 388, 3 be. 
Ages, historic epochs, I. 18S. Age of stone, 

2 c; of bronze, ib.; of iron, 186, 1 a. See 
Aboh.«ology, 642. Middle Ages, 186, 1 a. 
Dark Ages, 1 b. 

Ageshjus [a-jes-e-l5'-us], king, 1. 186 ; 188, 1 a. 
Ageai»'trata, referred to, I. 187, 3 c. 
AoGBEHtrns [ag'-ger-booce], or Akei-shuus, I, 
187 ; IV. 529, 2 b ; ancient castle of, 2 c. 



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AGEIPPA 



13 



Agglit'tiimtiDe type, of language, XTI. 42, 2 

AgMru [fi-g4-roo'l, tree. III. 564, 1 b. 

AoHEiM, or Aughrim [awg'-rim],' village, 1, 187. 
Victory of William III. over James 11., Hi. 

AgTilamar', patriarch of, I. 725, 2 a. 

Agila [aj'-e-la], or eaglewood, III. 564, 1 ab. 

AaitrcodBT [Fr. &-zha°"-koor], now Azincourt, 
1. 187. Battle of, 1 c; IV. 286, 1 c 

AoiscoTTRT, Jean Baptiste Looia Geoi^e Se- 
ronx d', arcbteologist, I. 187. 

A'oia, name of four kings of Sparta, I. 187. 

Agla, cabalistic word, V. 795, 2 a- 

AoLA'opBOif, painter, I. 188. 

AglegvMtei, Indian tribe, XV. 698, 2 ab. 

Asme'ottk, or Gagmegue, Indian tribe, I. 188. 

Agsano [d-nya'-no], late, 1. 188. 

Ag'nates, in Scotch law, V. 19, 1 b ; in Roman 
law, ib., and VI. 88, 3 o. 

Ag'sbs, Saint, 1. 188. 

AoBBS SoEKL [Fr. a-nyess so-rei], I. 188 ; V. 
14, 1 b. 

Agnes, daughter of Albert I., I. 261, 1 e. JTer 
bloody vengeance on her father's murder- 
ers and their innocent relatives and vassals, 
IX. 6S6, 1 ab. Her pious nse of their es- 
tates, 1 b. 

AoNBSi [S-nya'-ze], Maria Gaetana, learned Ital- 
ian lady, I. 188. Maria Teresa, 2 e. 

Ag'ni, Hindoo divinity, IS. 223, 3 b ; 224, I c, 
2 c ; 225, 1 be. 

AowoEt^ [ag-no-e'-te], name of two heretical 
sects, 1. 188. 

AoNOLo, Baccio d' [bflt'-cho dd'-nyo-lo], Flor- 
entine architect, I. 188. 

Agnolo ; see Aoostino. 

Agno'men, in Roman persona! names, XII. 127, 

aa. 

AoNONB [^nyO'-na], Italian town, I. 189, 

Agnoteiola : see Auauisoioi-i. 

Aq'sus Dei, in the Roman Catholic ohnrch, I. 

189. In the Greek church, 1 a. 
Ao'oBARD, Saint, 1. 189. 
Aooh'io Like, I. 189 (ill.). 
Agorm'tm, eremites, XI. 729, 1 b. 
Aoonis'tioi, sect of ascetics, I. 189. 
Ag'ora, Grecian, I. 655, 2 a; of Athens (site), 

11. 59, 3 c. 
Agos'ta, or Angnsta, seaport, I. 189. 
AooBTiNO and Agnolo or Angelo [A-goa-tS'-no, 

ft'-nyo-lo, fln'-iii-lo], sonlptors and architects, 

I. 190. 
AoouLT, Marie Catherine Sophie de Flavigny, 



conntess d' [di-goo], French authoress, L 

190. Cosima, her daughter, III. 432, 2 b. 

See BUlow. 
Aooo'ti, animal, 1. 190 (ill.). Varieties of, 2 c. 
Ao'ba, province, I. 190. District, 191, I a. 

Capital city, ib. Taj Mahal, mausoleam, 

1 ah (iU.). 

Agraffe [it-graf], of piano, XIII. 490, 2 c. 
A&'j{4M, town, I. 191. 
Agea'kian Laws, Roman, I. 191. 
Agrarian gckeme, attempted in Sparta, I. 187, 

2 c. 

Agkbda, Maria de (Coronel), [&-gra'-(Aa], nun, 
I. 193. Her life of the Virgin Mary, 2 b. 

A&BEEMEBT ; SCC OoNTRiOT. 

Ageib, Agreeb, or Gharib, Mount [S-greeb', 

g4-reeb'], 1. 193. 
Aomc'oLA, Cneius Julius, Roman general, I. 

192. Eeferred to, XIV. 677, 3 be. 
Agbicou, Georg, mineralogist and phydcian, 

1. 193 ; rV. 369, 1 b. Johann Friedrich, mu- 
sician and composer, I. 193, 1 a. Johannes 
(John), theologian, lb; his development of 
Antinomianism, 566, 1 a, Rudolf, acholar, 

193, 1 c. 

AGRiccxTUiiAL CnEMisTET, I. 193. ComptBi- 
tion of vegetable and animal substances, 2 a. 
Ash of plants, 194, 1 c. Atmosphere and 
soil, 2 c. Soils, 195, 1 b ; restoration of, 3 
0. Analysis of soils, 196, 1 o. Theory of 
manuring, 197, 1 a. Rotation of crops, 198, 
1 b. Composition of, and value as food, 2 c. 
Relations between food and functional de- 
velopment, 199, 1 a. 

Agricultural aehook, VI. 430, 1 c. 

Ag'siobltdhe, I. 300. Ancient Greek, 2 a. 
Ancient Roman, 2 c ; Roman agricnltnral 
writers, 301, 1 c ; Roman agricultural uten- 
sils and farming, 2 b. Agriculture in Brit- 
ain, 202, 1 c; in Europe from the 16th cen- 
tury, 3 c ; in the United States, 305, 2 b. 
Praetical agriculture in Great Britain, 207, 
3a. 

"Agriculture and Suada," Swedish political 
faction, VIII. 839, 2 a. 

Ageioestcm [ag-re-jen'-tum], city, I. 207, 
Temple of Concord, mina of (ill.), 208. 

Aff'rion (entomology), VI. 240, 1 ab (ill.). 

Agrio'sia, Bacchic festival, I, 308. 

Agrio'tes (entomology), XVI. 678, 2 a. 

Agbip'pa, Herodes: see IIeeoo. Marcus Vip- 
sanius, I. 308, 1 c. 

Aghippa vos Netteshbim, Heinrich Cornelias 
[fon net'-tess-hime], philosopher, I. 208. 



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14 



AGKIPPINA 



Ageippi'ka, daughter o£ Agrippa and Julia, I. 

208. Daughter of the preceding, 209, 1 ft. 
Agroi/th (botanj), VUI. 166, 1 b. A. alba, 

168, 1 a. A. vulgaris, 167, 2 c (ill,) ; XV. 

757, 2 0. 
Agrotid'iam, moths, XI. 870, 1 a ; T. 697, 1 c. 
AgTo'tia (eatomology), V, 597, 1 b. European 

species, 1 o ; Amerioan, 2 a. 
Agua, Voloan do [vole-liSii' da ^'-gwa], moun- 
tain, I. 209. 
AouADO, Alexandre Mnrie [Sp. fl-gwi'-(Ao], 

banter, I. 209. 
AgitwrdimUe [&-gwar-(Se-ain'-ta], a fiery dis- 

tiUed spirit, XIII. 692, 2 a ; XIV. 79, 1 c. 
AouAs Camsntes [S'-gwSss k4-Ie-Mn'-taoe], 

Mexican state, I. 209. Capital city, 2 a. 
AouE [a'-gu], I. 209. Dumb ague, 2 b. Ague 

calte, ib. 
AonBsaBAn, Henri Francois d' [d3-ghea-so], 

French jurist, I. 209. 
Aghilab, or Aguilar de la Frontera [S-ghe-lar' 

da \k frone-ta'-ra], Spanish town, I. 209. 
Aqtjilab, Grace, English authoress, I, 310. 
Agttbrk, Jos6 Saenz de Pgheer'-ra], learned 

Benedictine, I. 210. Lope de, a noted crim- 

AoOLHia [fl-goo'-lyfiss], cape, I. 210. 

Affulhas current, IX. 244, 2 ab. 

AovansA [a-gooa-te'-na], mdd of Saragossa, I. 
210. 

Agykia'si, or Agynii, fanatical sect, I. 210. 

Agyaii: see Agtsiaki. 

A'hab, Israelitish king, I. 210. 

Ahan'ta, Africa, I. 210. 

AHiBua'sus, Persian king, 1. 210; XVI. 758, 1 a. 

AkoiueTua ; see Wandkbing Jew, 

A'haz : see Hebrews, VIII. 689, I a. 

Ahazi'ah, Israelitisli ting, I. 210. Son and 
successor of Jehoram, 211, 1 a. 

Aheers' (Aryan), IX. 213, 2 be ; 214, 1 be. 

Ahenobar'bvs, I. 209, 1 a. 

Ahim'elegh, a Hebrew high priest, I. 211. 

Ahith'ophel, a confederate of Absalom, I. 211. 

Ahl'den, prineesg «f, XV. 167, 2 be. 

Ahlbpbld, Charlotte Sophie Lniae Wilhelmine 
Ton [fon A'-ISh-felt], I. 211. 

AmjELD, Johann Friedrich [M'-felt], clergy- 
man, I. 211. 

AniQinsT, August Engelbert [M'-twist], phi- 
lologist and poet, I. 211. 

Ahlwaedt, Theodov Tilhelm [41'-vart], ori- 
entalist, I. 211. 

A^'raed, pasha: see Bonnetal, 0. A., III. 71, 
1 ab. 



AIMAES 

Ahmed, EarntatA, II. 24, 1 a. 

Ahmed KJian: see Ahmeo Sbah. 

Attmed SnAH, founder of the Afghan mon- 
archy, I. ail ; 160, 2 c (Ahmed Khan). 

Ahmedabad', or Ahmadabad, town of British 
India, I. 212. 

Ahmedsco'gue, or Ahinadnagar, district of 
British India, I. 212. Capital town, 1 be. 

Ahn, Johann Franz [an], grammarian, I. 212. 

Ahbehs, Heinrich [&'-rence], jurist and psy- 
chologist, I. 212. 

AsRixAs', in the ancient Persian religion, I. 
212 ; XII. 704, 1 b. 

AhU, family of tribes : see Nootkas. 

Ahu, Tartarian roeback, SIV. 386, 1 a. 

Ahura-Masda; see Oemozd. 

Ahwaz', or Ahwuz, Persian town, I. 212, 

Ai [a'-i], city of Palestine, I. 212. 

AiDAH, St. [a'-dan], missionary, I. 313, 

AiDiK p-deen'], province of Turkey, I. 218. 
Capital city, 1 ft. 

Aigocerm niger (zoClogy), sable antelope, I. 
545, 2 a (iU.). 

Aigoon. p-goon'], treaty of, I. 433, 2 b. 

AiGtTEBELLB [alg-bel], town, I. 213. 

AiouBBELLB, Paul Alexandre Neveue d', Franco- 
Chinese naval commander, I. 213. 

AiGUES-MoETES [aig-mort], town, I. 213. 

Aiguille [a-gw6y'], Alpine peats, I. 313 ; XI. 
776, 1 b. 

AiGiriLLOH, Armand Vignerot Daplessis-Eicbe- 
lieu, due d' [da-gwe'-yo''^], I. 213. 

Ai'een, township, I. 213. 

Aires, John, author, I. 213. Arthur, 214, 1 
a. Lucy, 1 b. 

AiMa, Marp Ulitahetk, III. 328, 1 b. 

Ajk'man', WOliam, painter, I. 214. 

Allah [i'-lfi] r see Elate. 

Ailan'thv*: see An. ant cs. 

Ailan'tds, I. 214. A. glandulosa, 1 c. A. 
excelsa, iS. 

AiLLY, Pierre d' [dS-ye], or Petrus de Alliaco, 
prelate, I. 214. 

Ail'bbd, Ealred, or Ethelred, historian and 
theologian, I. 214. 

AiisA Cbaig, islet, I. 214. 

Aiha roeh, I. 214, 3 c (Ailsa Craig); II. 170, 
So. "lafirmas Ailsaroct." Scott's "Lord 
of the Isles," canto vi., sxviii. 

Ailu'rui (zoology), XIII. 36, 2 a. A. fulgens, 2 
b (ill,). 

Aimags [I'-mags], the, Iranic race, IX. 847, 1 
ab. 

Aimahs p'-maks], Mongolian race, XI. 747, 1 b. 



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AIMARD 



AiMABD, Gustave [a-mar], novelist, I. 21i. 
Amt-MAHTis, Louifl [a-ma-mar-tfi''], author, 

I. 215. 
AiMOH, or Aymon, the four sons of, I. 215, 
Aimorea p-mo-race'], a name of the Botoaudos, 

III. 140, 2 a. 
Aiw [&"], department of France, I. 215. 
Ais-¥adhi [ine-DiS-de'], town and oasis, 1. 315. 
AutmCllee, Maximilian Emanuel [ine'-mftl- 

ler], artist, I. 215. 
AiNos, or Ainus [i'-no9, i'-noos], tribes, I. 215 ; 

IX. 541, 2 ah. 
Aint'lie Bond, the. III. 140, 1 b. 
Ainsty of Yorh, XVI. 780, 2 a. 
AiNswoRTD, Henry, Brownist, I. 216. 
AiNSWOETH, Robert, lesicographer, I, 216. 
AmawoBTH, William Francis, traveller, I. 216. 

William Harrison, novelist, 2 a, 
AiNTAB [ine-tabl, Turkish oitj, I. 216. 
AiR : see Atuosphebe. 
Air, deterioration of, XVf. 451, 2 o ; 455, 1 a; 

capacity for moisture, 452, 1 b. Quantity 

required hourly for human life, II. 84, 2 a; 

for perfect ventilation, SVI. 452, 3 ah. 
Air, atmospheric, in respiration, XIV. 2T8, 1 a. 

Constitution and properties of, XI. 432, 2 b. 
Air, depJdogiaticated, SII. 769, 1 b (Oxycbs); 

empyreal, ib. 
Air, dry atmoapkeric, absorptive power of, 

XVI. 91, 2 h (Ttnball). 
Air affe6ted hy growing plants, II. 84, 2 a. 
AiEpre], or Ashen, oasis, I. 216. 
Ai'ra (botany), VIII. 166, 2 a (ill.). 
Airanati [I-ra-y4'-te] : see Ibeawabbt. 
AiB Bladdeh, of flsh, 1. 217, 
Air Cells, in plants, I. 217. In birds, 11. 653, 

Ic. 
Air oompreseor, for rock drills, III. 100, 1 ab 

(ill.)- 

Aib'dbib, borough, I. 218. 

AiBB, river, I. 218. 

Aikb [air], two cities, I. 218. 

Airedale college, HI. 180, 1 a. 

Air eitgine, invention of, IV. 160, 2 a. 

AiB Gujf, I. 318 (ill.). 

Air martyre, SV. 434, 1 c (Stylites). 

AiB Plants, 1. 218 ; XV. 753, 2 c (Tillanhsia). 

AiB Pump, I. 219. Simplest form, 2 a (}\\.). 

With double barrel, 220, 1 a (ill., 219, 2 c). 

Improved constructions, with illnstrations, 

220, ff. Uses in arts and manufacturea, S23. 

Ita alleged inventor, HI. 173, 2 ho. 
Air miction pump, I. 221, 1 b (ill.). 
Air vesicles of tie lunga, X. 721, 2 b. 



AiB VESBBia, or Spiral Vessels, in plants, I. 
222. 

Ai'fiT, George Biddell, astronomer, I. 222. 

Aiiha: see Ayebha. 

AisNE [ain], department of France, I. 223. 

Aissfi, Mile, [aia-sa], Circassian lady, I. 223. 

Ait'kin, county, I. 223. 

Ai'tos, William, gardener and botanist, I. 
223. William Townsend, 2 a. 

AiTZBMA, Lieuwe van pte-za'-ma], historian, 
I. 223, 

Ais [aiks], town of France, I. 223. 

Ars-LA-CnArELLE [aiks-lft-shS-pel], town, I. 
223. Treaty of, 1668, 324, 1 h. Treaty of, 
1748, 1 c ; alluded to, VIl. 706, 1 c. Con- 
gress of, 1818, I. 224, 2 a. Cathedral re- 
ferred to, IV. 392, 1 c. 

Aix-lbs-Bains [dks-la-ba""], or Ais, I. 234. 

Aix »pon>a [a'-ix], (ornithology), XVI. 707, 2 b 
(ill.). A. galericulata, 708, 1 be, 

Aixanae, Azumite prince, II. 167, 2 b, o. 

Aiza'ni, ancient city of Asia Minor, I. 224. 

AjAcoro [a-yat'-cho], city, I. 224. Birthplace 
of Napoleon Bonaparte, 335, I a Oil., 224). 

Aj'alon, or Ai'jalon, town of Palestine, I. 226. 

A'JAK, Africa, I. 225. 

A)ar, female principle in the theogony of the 
Christians of St. John, IV. 546, 1 c. 

A'jAX, name of two Greek chiefs, I. 225. 

Ajmeer', or Ajmere, district, I. 225. Capital 
city, 3 b. 

Aj'uga (botany), VII. 320. ! ah. 

Ak'abah, fortified village, I. 225. Gulf of, iS. 

Ak'bae, or Akber, Jelal-ed-Deen Mohammed, 
Mogul emperor, I. 225 ; IX. 208, 2 b. 

AUar, fort, 1. 191, 1 a. 

Ahiar moague, the, IX. 733, 1 ah. 

Aiene' (botany), XIII. 590, 3 b. 

A'kenside, Mark, physician and poet, I. 226. 

Akerblad (Swe<l. AherMad, o'-ker-blM), Jo- 
han David, philologist, I. 326. 

Ak'erman, or Akjorman [ak'-ySr-mun], town, 
I. 326. 

A'kees, Benjamin Paul, sculptor, I, 226. 

AJeerahttut : see AooEnnuTJS. 

AKHALTziKn', Akbalzikh, Achalzik, or Akhys- 
kha, town, I. 226. 

AKnisSiR', or Ek-Hissar, town of Asia Minor, 
I. 226. 

Akhlat', Tnrkish town, 1. 336 ; XVI. 253, 1 be 

Ahhmin: see Echmist. 

Akhtteka, or Achtyrka [a'h-teer'-ka], town, 
I. 336. 

Akhyakha: see Akhaltzikh. 



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16 



AKIBA 



Ax'iBA BES Joseph, Jewish rabbi, I. 226. 

Akjemutn: eeeAKEBMAci. 

Akmolinse', province, I. 226. 

Ae'eon, city, I. 227. 

Aim, mosque, IX. 615, 1 c, 

Ak-Shbh« [fik-shair'J, town, I. 227. 

AMari [dt-se-a'-re], I. 327, 1 b (Ak-Shbhk). 

Axstr [ait-aoo'], or Oksa, town, East Turkistan, 
1. 227. 

Astab', town, British Barmah, I. 227. 

At, il, or ul, Arabic definite article, I. 227. 

Alabama [al-a-bfi'-ma], I. 227. State seal, ib. 
Population, 228, 1 b. Physical features, 1 
c. Natural curiosities, 239, 1 c. Climate, 
2 a. Soil and pro<!nctions, 3 b. Commerce, 
280, 1 b. Intercommunication, 1 c. Con- 
stitution and goTemment, 331, 1 a. Educa- 
tion, 2 b, and 232, 1 o. Public institutions, 
232, 1 b. Eeligious denominations, 2 ab. 
History, 2 b ; seces^on and the war of the 
rebellion, 233, 1 a. Measures of reconstruc- 
tion, 234. 

Alabama, river, I. 234. 

Alaba/ma, rebel privateer, X. 494, 1 a; XIV. 
763, 1 c. Destruction of, XVL 673, 1 a. 

Alabama claimg, settlement of by the Geneva 
tribunal, XVI. 187, 1 c and 2 b. See Ehu- 
LAND, TI. 620, 1 a; Geant, VUI. 160, 1 c; 
CocKBTiEN, IV. 785, 2 c ; CusniHo, V. 690, 
2a. 

Aldbandine [al-a-ban'-din], XL 102, 3 c (MiiT- 
oanese). 

Al'abastkb, I. 234 ; VHI. 358, 1 o. 

Alabm'tron, ancient town, I. 234, 2 c. 

Alaohtia [a-Iatch'-oo-ft], comity, I. 236. 

AucotjiTB, Marguerite Marie [a-12-kak], French 
nun, r. 235 ; STil. 73, 1 c. 

Alacran. [ii-la-kr^n'], submergence of, I. 702, 
1 a (Aeica). 

Ala Dagh [fi'-lad^], mountain chain in Turk- 
ish Armenia, I. 235. Mountain in Asia Mi- 
nor, I 0. 

Alagoas, Dos [doce &-la-go'-ass], province, I. 
235. City, 2 a. 

Auis de Lille [fi-lS" diih leel], Oist.ercian 
scholar, I. 235. 

Alais [i-la], city, L 285. 

Ar.AjpELA [a-U-'hwa'-la], city, I, 235. 

AlaM [4-ia'-ka], in the Abyssinian church, I. 
49,1 a. 

Alaman', Lucas, Mexican statesman, I. 235. 

Al'amance, county, I. 235. Creek, 3 e. 

Alamance, battle of the, IX. 90, 1 a. 

Alamam'ni, or Alemanni, Lni^, poet, L 236. 



ALBANEF8ES 

Alamanni : see Albmassi. 

Alame'da, county, I. 236. 

Alameda [a-la-ma'-fAa], promenade at Cadiz, 

III. 538, 2 c (ill.). 
Alamo [fi'-la-mo], fort, I. 236. Massacre of its 

garrison, IX. 16, 2 b; SV. 678, 1 ab. 
Alamos, Real de los [ra-ai' da loce S'-la-mooe], 

town, L 286. 
Alamut [a-la-moof], castle of, IL 24, 2 b, 
Alan, Allen, or Allyn, William, tl 



Aland Islanbs (Swed. Aland, o'-land), I. 237. 
Ala'ni, Scythian tribe, I. 337. 
Alantine [a-lan'-tin], VI. 497, 2 c. 
Alantenouidet, IS. 777, 2 c (Kban). 
Ai.-AEAr', in Mohammedan theology, I. 237. 
Alahcon, Hernando (or Fernando) de [a-lar- 

kone'], Spanish navigator, I. 237. The 

mouth of the Colorado discovered by, V. 

107, 2 be. 
Alaeoos, or Alarcon y Mendoza, Juan Euiz de, 

dramatist, I. 287. 
Alard [a-lar], violinist, allusion to, I. 378, 1 a. 
Al'abio I., king of the Visigoths, L 237. Alaric 

IL, 288, 1 c. 
Alaum, an instrument, I. 238. Burglar alarms, 

1 ab. Alarm clock, 3 b. Pire-damp alarm, 

2 c. Alarm whistle (steam), 239, 1 a. 
Alarm circuiu, telegraphic, XV. 619, 2 h. 
Alas'oo, John : see Lasei. 
ALA-SnEHR [a-ld-shair'], city, I. 239. 
Aiuas'ka, territory, I, 289 (map). Name," 2 a. 

Settlements, 2 b. Physical features, 240, 
1 b. Climate, 241, 1 ab. Vegetation, 2 a. 
Agricultural resources, 2 ab. Geology, 2 b. 
Fossils, 242, 1 a. Animals, ih. Native pop- 
ulation, 1 c. Fisheries and fur trade, 2 a. 
History, 3 h. Sale of to the United States, 
248, 1 a; 285, 1 a. Fur trade, VII. 638, 1 b. 

A latere (legatui), [lat'-e-re], X. 318, 2 a. 

Alau'da (ornithology), S, 172, 1 a. A. arven- 
sis, 2 b (ill.), 

Alava [a'-la-va], province, I. 243. 

Alb, ecclesiastical vestment, I. 243. 

Al'ba, city, L 243. 

Alba, song, SIV. 40, 2 a. 

Alba, duke qf: see Alva. 

Albaoetb [al-ba-tba'-ta], province, I. 243. 
Capital city, 1 c. 

Alba Julia, ancient name of Carlsbnrg, m. 
795, 1 b. 

Alba Losoa, ancient city, I. 243. 

Alban, Saint, I. 243. 

Albakeh'ses, sect, I. 243. 



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ALBANI 

Albasi, or Albano, Francesco [fll-ti&'-ne, -no], 
painter, I. 243. 

Albani, Gwnanni Franeeaeo (Clement XL), IV. 
603, 1 be. 

Alba'nia, country of Asia, I. 243. 

Albania, province, I. 244. Albaniao coatnme 
(ill.). Language and literature, 245, 1 a ; 
language, TIIL 209, 1 b. 

Albanian colony in Sieily : see Piana del 
Gkroi. 

Albanian gaUa, Oanoaaus, referred to, VL 29, 
2 a. 

Albanian pass of the Caucasus, IV. 133, 1 c. 

Albanians^ colony of, iu Oatania, IV. 100, 1 c. 

Albako [ai-bfi'-no], city, I. 245. Lake of, 1 c. 

Atbano, paeudonyme, I. 123, 2 c. 

Albano : see Albani. 

Albast [awr*ba-no], name of two counties, 
L24B. 

Albany, city, I. 245. View of, 24fl. State in- 
stitutions, 3 c. Dudley observatory, 24Y, 1 a. 
New capitol, 246, 1 o ; ill., 34T. Churches, 
247, 1 0. History, 248, 1 a. Origin of tlio 
name, 248,3 a; SVL 151, 2 a. 

Albany, count of: see CnAijLEa Edwaed (Stu- 
art), IV. 313, 3 c, and Albany, L. M. 0. H., 
oovmtesa of. 

Albaut, district of Cape Colony, L 248. 

Albany, duke of IS. 518, 3 c. 

Albabt, Louise Marie Caroline H61oi8e, coun- 
tess of, wife of Charles Edward Stuart, I. 
248; IV. 313, 3 e. Relation to the poet 
Alfleri, L 394, 3 c, 295, 1 a; to the paint«r 
Fabre, VII. 52, 1 ab. 

AUany Sciy" (sturgeon), XV. 482, 1 c. 

Albany regency, XIV. 792, 1 b ; XVI. 354, 1 
a. See Weed, Thurlow, 535, 1 a. 

AtBATBB'NitTS, Or Albategni, Arabian prince 
and astronomer, I. 249. 

Al'baieoss, bird, I. 249 (ill.). 

Al-Belad'obi, Abul Hassan Ahmed, historian, 
L 249. 

Al'bbmaelb, county, I. 249. 

Albemarle, early name of North Carolina, XTI. 
495, 2 b. 

Albemarle, confederate iron-clad ram, blown 
up, XIIL 624, 1 b. 

Albemarle: see Aumalb. 

Albbmable Sound, I. 250. 

Albkboati-Oapacelli, Francesco, marchese d' 
[dfll-hMr-gfi,'-te-ka-pa-ohel'-le], I. 350. 

Al'bebio I., ruler of Home, I. 250, Alberio 
IL, 2 b. 

Alberi'cus Gen'tilis, civilian, X. 232, 2 b. 



Albeboni, Giulio [al-ba-n 



le], statesman, I. 



Albees, Joharm Friedrich Hermann [M'-berce], 

physician, I. 250. 
Al'bbrt, county, I. 250. 
Albebt [iil-bair], psendonyme, I. 250. 
Albebt, archduke of Austria, and emperor of 

Germany, I. 250. 
Albert, first dnke of Prussia, I. 251. 
Albket (Francis Albert Augustus Charles 

Emanuel), prince consort of Great Britain, I. 

251. 
.d&7-(, son of Ernest, duke of Bavaria, IL 576, 

2 a. 
Albket, Friedrich August, crown prince of 

Saxony, I. 353, 
Albert bridge (London), X. BS2, 1 c. Albert 

embankment, 2 a. 
Albebt Edwabd, prince of Wales, &c., I. 252. 

Albert Victor, his eldest son, 3 a. 
Albbrti, Leone Battiata [U-buir'-te], architect, 

poet, painter, and sculptor, I. 252. 
Albeetiselli, Mariotto [&I-bair-t«-neI'-le], 

painter, I. 252. 
AKtertine v,niveTsity (K5nigsberg), X. 41, 2 c. 
AlbertinU : see Albestub Maghcs, I. 353, 3 c. 
AUiertite, bituminous mineral, II. 673, 1 a. 
Albert memorial moiiUTnent (London), X. 597, 

1 ft (ill., 596). 
Albert memorial tower (Belfast), 11. 486, I ab 

(ill.). 

Albert N'yanz*, African lake, a source of 

the Nile : see N'tahza, XTI. 548, 1 a, 447, 

1 c, and I. 166, 3 b, 167, 1 c, 
Albert stone, XIV. 600, 2 bo. 
Albeetus Maonus, scholar, I. 253; IV, 353, 

1 0. Androides made by him, II. 155, 1 b. 
Albertype, XIII. 472, 2 a; XV. 248, 1 c. 
Al'bi, or Alby, town, L 253. 
Al'Vwore, fish, SVL 40, 1 a, 
Albigen'ses, 1. 253. See Cathaeists, IV. 115. 

Persecution of, VL 200, 1 b; IX. 293, 2 a; 

XIII. 807, 2 c. Barbarities inflicted on them, 

III. 777, 1 ab (Oaecassosne). Crusade 

against them, X. 652, 1 a (Lonis VIIL). 

Massacre of them, 11. 604, 1 b. 
Albino mice, I. 253, 2 c ; albino elephants, 

ib. ; albino crow and blackbird, ib. 
Albi'nos, I. 253. See Complesion, V. 193, 2 c. 
Albi'nits, Bernhard Siegfried [Ger. al-be'-noos], 

anatomist, I. 254. 
Al'bion, ancient name for Britain, 1. 254 ; HI. 

293, 2 b. 
Albion, village, I. 254. 



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18 



ALBION 



Albion, Wew, I. 254, 

Ai.TiiEoo [Sl-beer'-ko], star, I. 2Si. 

Albite, mineral, VII. 114, 2 b and c; 115, 1 a; 

VIII. 152, 3 c. CrystaUine structare of, V. 

640, 1 a. 
Al'soin, king of the Lombards, I. 254. 
Alboni, Marietta [iil-bo'-ne], singer, I. 254. 
Aii-BoRiK', Mohanuned's camel in his celestial 

journeys, I. 254. 
Albobnoz, Gil Alvarez CariUo [M-bore-noath'], 

prelate, L 254. 
Al-Boatati : see Bostan. 
Albesoht, Friedricli Eudolph [Sl'-bre'ht], arch- 
duke of Austria, I. 354. 
Albrechtsbeeger, Johann Georg [4I'-bre'hts- 

bair-gher], musician, I. 234. 
Albskt [ai-bret], town, I. 255. 
Albrbt, Jeanne d' [dSl-bret], queen of Navarre, 

I. 255. 
Albright, Een. JoaepTi [awl'-brite] : see Evas- 

OELIOAL AsSOai&TlON. 

AiBTTOi'sia, Bulcasimos, or Abulcasim, Arabian 

physician, I. 255. 
Albubba [M-bwa'-ra], village, I. 355. Battle 

Albufesa [^l-boo-ffi'-ra], lagoon, I. 255. 

Albufera, diiH of: see Suohbt. 

Aren'sras, I. 255. See Plant, XIII. 575, 2 b. 

AUmmen proofi : see Photobeaphy, 5III. 
471, 1 b. 

Albumens: see Peoteine, 5IV. 31, 1 b; de- 
rived albumen, iS. 

Albuminoid (substances), I. 356, 1 a; SIII. 
691, 2 a. 

Albtjuinb'ria, or Bright'a disease, L 856. 
Acute form, 1 b ; causes of, 2 ab. Pathol- 
ogy of the disease, 2 c. Strumous diathe- 
sis, 25T, 1 ab. Hygienic treatment of acute 
fonn, I b. Chronic form, I c; duration of, 
2 ; treatment of, 258, 1 o. 

AiBUQtrERQTTK [Sl-boo-kaif'-ka], town and for- 
tress, L 258. Aiiuded to, 1. 14S, 2 b. 

Albuqueeooe, Affonso d', the Great, I. 258. 

Albtte'nom, in trees, I. 259. 

AWy : see Albi. 

Alea (ornithology), II. 116, 2 c. A. impeanis, 
117, laflll-). A. torda,lc. 

Alcdbala: seeAtOATALA, 

Al-eadi, I. 259, 2 c (Alcalde). 

Alo^'us, poet, I. 259. 

Alea'ic metret, I. 259, 2 a. 

AtoAiDB [41-ki'-da], I, 259. 

AloalI [^l-ka-U*], name of several towns in 
Spain, I. 259. AleaU de Henares [da a-u^'- 



ALCOHOLIO 

race], 1 ab ; IL 610, 3 c. AlcaU la Eeal [la 
ra-il'], I, 259, 3 b. Victory of Sebaatiani, ii. 

Alcal'ue [Sp. fil-kai'-(Sa], title, I. 259. 

Alcalde, species of hornet, III. 14, 2 c. 

Aloameses [al-kam'-e-neez], sculptor, I. 259. 

Aloamo [ai-kS'-mo], city, I. 360. 

AloIntaka [il-kSn'-ta-ra], town, I. 260. 
Knights of, 1 a. 

Aleantarinet [al-kan'-ta-rinz] ; see Fbancis- 
OANS, VIL 436, 1 b. 

Alcarrataa [fll-kar-r^'-thftas], water refrigera- 
tors, I. 488, 2 c, 

Aloavala [^l-ka-vft'-la], or Aloabala, Spanish 
impost, I. 260. 

Amizka [Al-k&'-thar], I. 260. Alcazar de San 
Joan, town, 1 c. 

Alakar (Moorish castle), of Carraona, IV. 5, 

1 b; of Segovia, XIV. 753, 1 b (ill.); of 
Seville, 791 (ill.). 

Alce'do (ornithology), IX. 839, 1 b. 

Al'cei, or Al'ce (zoology), VI. 538, 3 c. A. 
Americanus, 539, 1 ab (Ul.). A, malchis, 
640, 2 a (ill.). 

Alces'tis ; see Admbttts. 

Alchemists : see ALOnEitT, and Cqbmistrt, 
rv. 357, 3 c, ff. Alcliemists' articles of 
faith, I. 361, 3 c. 

Alchemy [al'-ke-me], I. 260. Chemical terms 
of. Sir, 4T4, I c. 

Aix^HiNDua [al-kin'-dus] : see Alkikdi. 

Alciati, Giovanni Paolo [M-chfi'-te], theo- 
logian, I, 362. 

Alcibiades [al-se-bi'-a-deez], I. 262. See 
Greece, VIII. 198, 1 c-195, 1 c. 

Alcides [al-^'-deez] ; see Hercules. 

Alcinous [al-sin'-o-us], mythical, I. 268. 

Al'oiphkoh, Greek writer, I, 263. 

Aloika [al-the'-ra], town, I. 263. 

A LCM.«'oN, legendary hero, I, 263; II. 54, 2 c. 
Philosopher, L 263, 2 b. 

Alcmmon, poet : see Alcman. 

Alou^on'id^ family, I. 263 ; IL 55, 1 a. 

Alo'mah, or Alcmffion, poet, I. 364. 

Alome'sa, mythical, L 264. 

Alooce, Sir Rutherford [awl'-cock], diploma- 
tist, L 364. 

Al'cohol, 1.264, Of commerce, 2 ab; anhy- 
drous, 3 b ; pure, 2 c ; in medicine, 265, 1 b ; 
homologous, table of, 2 c; dehydrogenated, 
367, 2 e; common or ethylic, VI. 144, 2 ab. 
Conversion of it into acetic acid, Vll, 143, 

2 a. Hexatomic alcohols, XV, 440, 2 a; di- 
glucosic, 2 ab; polyglucosic, 441, 1 be. 

Alcoholic liquor, unknown to the ancients, VI. 



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ALEXANDER 



141, I c; invented by tto northern barba- 
rians, a. 

Alcoholie itimulanU in heart disease, YIII. 
56S, 2 a. 

Alcoholim'eier, or alcoholometer, VII. 603, 
2 b; IX. 124, 2 c (ill.). 

Alco'na, county, I. 265. 

Al'cobs, connty, I. 20S. 

AiooTT [awl'-kut], Amos Bronson, educator, I. 
266. Lonisa May, 2 a. 

AxcoTT, William Alexander, M. D., author, I. 
366. 

Alcott House, aohool, I. 260, 1 be. 

Aico'r, town, I. 267. 

Alctjih [ai'-kwin], scholar, 1. 267. His influ- 
ence in favor of popular education, IT. 291, 
2 a. Hia reviaion of Jerome's veraion of the 
Old Testament, 11. 618, 2 h. 

Ahyona'cea, polyp, XIII. 689, 3 a. 

Aleyona'ria, polyp, XIII. 689, 2 a. 

Alcy'onb, star, I. 26T. 

Alcyone (ornithology), IX. 839, 1 b, 3 c. 

Al'cyomids, polyps, XIII. 689, 2 b. 

Aldam', mountains, I. 267. Eivor, 1 c. 

Aldbohoitoh [awld'-bur-ro], town, I. 267. 

Aldeb'aean, star, I. 267. 

AtDEGONDE, Sainto, Philip van Marnis, baron 
of [aa-'t ai-daii-g6"'-dtlh], I. 267. 

Aldegraf: see Aldb&eetbe. 

Aldbokbvbr, or Aldegraf, Heinrich [fil'-dfih- 
gra-fer, -graf], pdnter and engraver, 1. 267. 

Ai'dehybe (chemistry), I. 267; 265, 2 a. 

Alden', John [awl'-den], one of the first settlers 
of Plymouth colony, I. 268. 

Al'bbnbovek, town, I. 368. 

Aldeb [awl'-derj, 1. 268 (ill.). Oommon aider, 

1 c. Turkey alder, ib. Ileart-leaved alder, 

2 b. 

Alder Jiy: see Mayfly. 

Aldesman [awl'-], title, I. 268. 

Aldeehet [aw!'-j, island, I. 268. 

AUerney (or Jersey) breed of cattle, IV. 129, 

lo; 131,1a. Alderneybnll(ill.), 129, lb. 
AtDEESnorr [awl'-], military camp of inatruo- 

tion, I. 369 ; VIII. 431, 1 a. 
Ald'helu, abbot, I. 269. 
Aldine academy, XL 134, 2 b. 
Ajl.'dihe Editions, I. 269. 
AunNi, Antonio, count [M-d6'-ne], L 269. Gio- 



Aldobbanmni [al-do-brin-de'-ne], noble fam- 
ily, I. 269. Silvestro, 2 o. Giovanni, 270, 
1 a. Ippolito (Clement VIII,), ib. ; IV. 663, 
1 a. Tommaso, I. 370, 1 a. Oinzio Pasaero, 



ib. Pietro, ih. Villa Aldobrandini, VII. 

443, 3 a. 
ALDiiicn, Thomas Bailey [awl'-dritch], poet, I. 

270. 
Aldhidge, Ira (African Roscius), actor, 1. 270. 
ALDROBAN'Dn8,UlyBaes,naturahst,I.270. Trea- 
tise on reptiles, VIII. 693, 2 a; on birds, 

XII. 704, 3 b. 
Aldus, I. 269, 2 a. See SIahctics. 
Ale: see Bbbb, and Bebwiko. 
Ale barrel, II. 336, 1 a. 
AtEAasEO, Girolamo [ii-la-fln'-dro], prelate, I. 

270. 
Aleo'to, mythical: ace Etjmenides. 
Alec'tryomancy, a mode of divination, VI. 153, 

2 b. 
ALKfiAMBB, Philippe [al-gn'"b], Jesuit, I. 271. 
Alehoof (ground ivy), IX. 477, 3 b. 
Alem:a(J, Mateo [il-la-min'], novelist, I. 271. 
Alemas'ni, or Alaiuanni, confederate German 

tribes, L 271. 
AlemaniAii, Germanic dnchy, L 271,2a; XV. 

497, 1 c. 
AUmatmia dialect (Swabian), I. 271, 2 a. 
Alemannicus, Oaracalla'a assumed surname, I. 

271, 1 c. 
Alembebt, Jean le Bond d' [da-Ui°'-biiir], matii- 

ematician, I. 271. 
Albm'bio, distilling vessel, I. 272 (ill.). 
Albmtejo [a-le"'-ta'-zhoJ, province, I. 272. 
ALEKgoN [a-la"'-8(i'"], town, I. 272. 
Alescon, rranpois, duke of: see Asjoc. 
Alep'po, city, I. 272. 

Aleppo button, cutaneous disease, I. 273, 1 c. 
Alert and Uiseovery, expedition of the, XIII. 

656, 2 c. 
Alesh'ei, town, I. 273. 
Ale'sia, fortified town, L 278. 
ALBSSAHDREa'Eir, Grcgory, poet, I. 273. 
ALEsaAN'DM, Basil, poet, I. 373. 
Alessan'deia, province, I. 374. Capital city, 

2 ft (ill.). 
Aleeaandrino, CardtJwtZ[-dre'-no], XIII. 558, 2 c. 
Aleurites trilo'ba [a-lu-rl'-teez], (botany). III. 

699, 3 a. 
Aleurone, of the wheat grain, XVI. 588, 1 b. 
ALEniiAK Islands [a-la'-shan], I. 274, 
Aleuts, the, I, 275, 1 c. 
Ale'wife, fish, I. 275. 
Albxan'»bb, two counties, I. 275. 
Alexander, tyrant of PherK, XIII. 387, 1 b. 
Alesandbb the Geeat, I. 273. Map of Alex- 
ander's conquests, 277. Eesults of bia con- 

quests, 278, 2 c, and 279, 1 a. Phalans of. 



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ALEXANDER 



its constrQction and weaponH, 740, 2 c; 741, 
1 b. Hia cayalry tactics, IV. 143, 1 a. 

Albsaudbe, name of eight popes, I. 279. 

Alexander, bishop of Alexandria, I. 708, 3 b. 
See Amus, and Athanasiub. 

Alexander I., of Egypt, XIV, 63, 2 c. Alex- 
ander II., of Egypt, ib. 

AtESAKDEB I., emperor of Eusaia, I. 280. In- 
flnence of La Harpe over him, X. 100, 3 c. 
Attracted by a Trench fortnne-teiler, 343, 
1 b. Uia influence on Russian literature, 
XIV. 49T, 2 b. See SIII. 671, 2 a. 

AiBXABBBB II., emperor of Russia, I. 283. 
Alexander AleKandrovitoh, his son, 385, 1 a. 
Nicholas Alexandre vitch, son of the prece- 
ding, ib. Alexis, grand duke, his brother, 
visit to the United States, ib. 

AfeESiBDER, name of three kings of Scotland, 
L 285. 

Ai.BXAflDER, Alexander Humphreys, claimant 
of the earldom of Stirling, I. 285. 

Alexander, Archibald, D. D., I. 285. 

Alexander, Brig. Qe%. B. S., his plan for re- 
[QOTing Blossom rock, II. 701, 3 b. 

Albsandeb, Sir Jamea Edward, soldier and 
writer, I. 286. 

AiEXANDBE, James Waddcl, D. D., I. 286. 

Alexander, Joseph Addison, D. D., Biblical 
scholar, I. 386. 

AiEXASDBE, Ludwig Christian Georg Friedrich 
Emil, prince, I. 386. 

Alexander, Saint, pope, L 270, 1 a. 

AtKXAffDEE, Stephen, LL. D., astronomer, I. 
286. 

Alexasdkr, "William, first earl of Stirling, I. 
387. A major general in the American 
revolutionary army (Lord Stirling), 1 c. 

AtExASDEH OF ApHRODisiAs, sumamed the Ex- 
pounder, I. 287. 

AtExANDEE Archipelago ; see Alaska. 

Alexanbee Balas, king of Syria, I. 287. 

Alexander of Hales, snmamed the Irrefraga- 
ble Doctor, I. 387. 

ALEXAtTDEE jANN^i'irs, I. 388. See Hebrews, 
Vin. 592, 2 c. 

Alexander John I., prince of Boumania, I. 

Albsakder Kaeaqeoeoevitoh, Servian prince, 

I. 288. 
Alexanher Sevskoi, hero and saint, I. 288. 

Order of, 289, 1 a. 
Alskandee Sete'bus, Roman emperor, I. 289. 
Alexander Smith (John Adams), mutineer of 

the ship Bounty, I. 87, 2 b. 



AlexaTider 'university (Helsingfors), VIII. 627, 

la. 
Alexander VL, pope, I. 279, 2 c. His assumed 

authority to divide the new world among 

Spanish and Portuguese princes, X. 232, 3 a. 
Alexander VIL, pope, I. 280, 2 bo. On the un- 

macnlate conception, IX. 194, 2 c; 195, 2 b. 
Aleccandra : see Cassandra. 
Alexandra, adopted name of Queen Christina, 

IV. 540, 2 b. 
Alexandra, wife of Albert, prince of Wdes, I. 

252, 3 a; IV. 539, 1 o. 
AlextMidra lattice bridge (Loudon), X. 592, 1 b. 
Alexandra park (London), X. 697, 1 bo. 
Alexabdeb, Aaron [al-ek-s4°'dr'], chess player, 

I. 389. 
Alexandre Ciear Bor/ibet, pseudonyme, II. 601, 

2ab. 
Alesandret'ta, seaport, I. 389. 
Alexan'dria, county, I. 389. 
Alexandria, port of entry, I. 289. 
Alexandria, town of Louisiana, I. 390. 
Alexahdhia, city of Egypt, I. 290. Mehemet 

All Square (ill.), ib. 
Alexandria ad Isawm: see Alexandeetta. 
Alexandrian: see Albxandbine. 
Alexandrian age ofOreeh literature, VIII. 214, 

2e. 
Alexandrias Codex, MS. Greek Bible, I. 291. 
Alexandrian Libbabt, I. 391. 
Alexandrian School, of philosophy, I. 293. 
Alexandrine [a!-ex-an'-drin], or Alexandrian, 

a poetic metre, I. 2S2. 
AlexaMnne text (of N. T.), U. 611, 2 b. 
Alexandrine war (Ciesar's), allusion to, I, 290, 

Sc. 
Alexandeo'pol, fortress and town, I. 392. 
Alkxandrov', town, I. 293. 
Alexandronna, Maria, wife of the czar Alex- 
ander II., I. 284, 1 b. 
Alexandrovsk', town, I. 292, 
Alexei : see Alexis. 

Alexiam, a religious congregation, X. 687, 1 ab. 
Alexian'us Ba$aian'vs, I. 289, 1 a (Alexander 

8bVERT7B). 

Alex'ig, grand duke, visit to the United States 
alluded to, I. 285, 1 a. 

Alexis (or Alexius) L, Comnenua, emperor of 
Trebizond, I. 393. 

Alexis (or Alexias) I., Comnenus, emperor of 
Constantinople, 1, 292. His influence in ex- 
citing the first crusade, 393, 1 c. His agree- 
ment (not kept) to furnish supplies for the 
crusaders, IIL 151, 3 c. 



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ALEXIS 

Alkxk, Wilibald ; see Habino. 
Ale;n»bad[lAes'-is-Ut],iUartz), Till. 493, 2 c. 

AlESIS MlKnALLOTITOH, czsr, I, 293, 

Alksis Pbtbovitoh, son of Peter the Great, 

I. 294. 
Alexius: see ALSsrs I., Oomneaus, of Trebi- 

zond, and Alesjs I., Comnenua, of Constan- 

Alf, in Scandinavian mythology: see Elp (In- 
dex). 

Al/al/a, plant, S. 702, 2 c ; 703, S a. 

AiFANi [U-ffl'-ne], name of two pamters, I. 294. 

ALFAEi'Bics, philosoplier, I, 294, 

Alfieri, Vittorio [Sl-fya'-re], poet, I. 294. Re- 
lation to the counteas of Albany, 3 o : see 
AiMAJHY, L. M. C. n., countess of, 248, 2 c. 
i upon his age and literature, IX, 



Alfila'rm (botany), VII. 733, 2 ah. 

J^oeco [al-foo'-ra]: see Hakafobas. 

Alfonsine astranomicat tables [al-fon'-sin], I. 
602, 1 a. 

Alfos'so, several kings of Spain and Portugal, 
I. 295. 

Alfonso I., of Aragon and Navarre, I. 296. 

Alfosso (the Magnaniraoaa) V. of Aragon, 
and L ot Naples and Sicily, I. 296. 

Alfosso I., of Portugal, I. 397. Laws of Al- 
fonso, 2 a. 

Alfosso V., of Portugal, I. 297. 

Alfonso IX., king of Leon and Castile, allnded 
to, IL 208, 2 c. 

Alfohd, Henry [awl'-fnrd], clergyman and au- 
thor, L 297. 

AiFOET [Bl-for], village, I. 298. 

Al'/red of Beverley : see Alttebh. 

Alfred thk Gbbat, I. 298. 

Alfred's castle, II. 562, 1 o, 

.i&S of the Eddm: see Faibies, VII. 64, 1 c. 

Alfaros [al-foo'-roa], indigenous race in the In- 
dian archipelago : see Cekam, IV, 208, and 
GiLOLo, TIL 813, 1 c. 

As.'qm (botany), I. 398 ; orders, genera, and 
species (ills.). Kinds called flag, VII. 247, 
2 0. How distinguished from fungi, 629, 2 a. 
Relations with lichens and fnngi, X. 410, 1 b. 

Algae'di, Alossandro, sonlptor, I. 300. Hia 
"Eepulse of Attila," 363, 2 c (Alto-bilievo). 

Algaro'lkt: see MBZQaTB,XL487, I b. 

Aloabot'ti, Francesco, scholar, I. 300. 

Alqaeotil'la, astringent substance, I. 801, 

AluabVe, province, I. 301. Kingdom, 1 c: 

Aloazza'li, Abu Earned Mohammed, philoso- 
pher, I, 301. 



ALICANTE 



21 



1. Arabic i 

1 Mathematics. Applied to 
', VII. 701, 2 a. Only Greek writer 

on : see Diophantus. 
AiOBOiBAS [Sp. fll-'ha-the'-rfiss], seaport and 

town, L 302. 
Alger, Francis, mineralogist, XL 591, 1 a. 
Al'gbk, Horatio, jr., author, I. 302. 
Alser, William Eounseville, clergyman and 

author, 1. 302. 
ALdBB'BA, a noted double star, I. 302. 
Alge'eia, I. 302 ; 169, 2 c. Map, 303, French 

invasion of : see Abd-el-Kabbe, 13, 2 a. 
Algerine corsairs [al-je-reen"], origin of, I. 305, 

2 b. 
Amiqeeo [al-ga'-ro], or Algheri, seaport town, 

I. 807. 
Aloibbb [al-jeera'], I. 307. Alters from the 

parade ground 011.), ib. 
Aloo'a Bat, Africa, 1. 308. 
Amo'uA, Canada, L 308. 
Aloosquiss [al-gon'-kins], Indian tribes, 1. 308 ; 

XII. 503, 1 c. Their languages, 408, 1 b-3 a. 
Alguazil, or Algnacil [M-gwa-theel'], Spanish 

officer of the law, I. 809. 
AiHAMA [S-la'-ma], name of several towns, I. 

309. 
Alha^iiar, king of Granada, L 296, 1 a. 
Alham'bea, suburb of Granada, I. 309. The 

Alhambra, Moorish palace, 1 c (ill.) ; in- 
terior of (ill.), 310 ; drawings of, IX. 679, 2 b. 
Al-Hasmn Hm Mohammed : see Leo Afei- 

Alhidade: s^a Alidade (ladeK). 

Alhosde&a [&-lone'-da-ga], Mexico, I. 310. 
Battle o^ ib. 

Ali [&'-le], pasha of Janina, I. 310. His exe- 
cution, 311, 1 c. Character as a mler, ib. 

Axi (Ali ben Abu Taleb), caliph, L 311. 

Aliaga, Luis de [&-le-a'-ga], II. 159, 3 c (Ave- 

Aliaska [al-yaa'-kaj, peninsula of, I. 240, 3 c. 

ALiBAtru, Louis [3-le-bo], political fanatic, I. 
311. 

AU ben Yusuf [a'-le ben joo'-soof], Moorish 
chief, 1. 296, 1 c 

Alibbet, Joan Louis [S-le-bair], physician, I. 
811. 

Ali Bet [S'-le ba], chief of the Mamelukes, I. 
312. 

AU Bey, traveller: see Badia y Leblioh. 

Alica, cracked grain. III. 661, 1 be. 

Ai,icASTE[a-le-k&n'-ta], province, 1. 312. Capi- 
tal, 2 a (ill.). 



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22 ALIOATA 

Alioata : aee Licata. 

Al'idade, or alhidflde, surveying instmment, 
IV. 760, 2 a; XV. 490, 1 c. 

AxiBH [a'-lyen], in natioDality, I, 312. 

Alien and sedition laws, XVI. 162, 1 o. Op- 
position to, ib. ; I. 93, 1 a ; IX 694, 1 b ; X. 
824, 2 b ; XL 201, 1 a. 

AuBHiBBi, Dante degli [da-lje fi-le-ghe-a'-re] : 
see DiHTE. 

Aughuh', or Allygnrh, district, 1. 314. Fort, 2 a. 

Alignments, in prehistoric monumentB, VII. 



Aliides [a'-le-idz], caliphs, III. 617, 1 c. 
Ax'tMiNT, or Food, I. 314 ; IX. 131, 1 be. 
Ausibii'tabt Cahal, I. 31T (ills.). 
Alimbn'tds, Luoina Cincius, historian and 

jurist, I. 318. 
Al'imost, in law, I. 319. 
Ali Pasha [i'-le p^-sha^: aee Ali, pasha of 

Janina, I. 310. Allusion to, 244, 2 c. 
AIJM Ste. Seine [S-leez s&'^t rain], battle field 

of Alesia,!. 273, 2 b. 
Al'isok, Archibald, clergyman and author, I. 

820. 
Alison, Sir Archibald, Bart., historian, I. 320. 

His " Priucipleaof Population,"XIir. 670, 2 a. 
theory of inflammation, IX. 



Ali 



!, 1 a 



Alixari [fi-ls'-za-re], plant, I. 321, 1 a. 

AuzAEun; [a-liz'-a-rin], I. 821. Artificial, 3 b. 

Al'kali, I. 322, Alkaline earths, 1 h ; anhy- 
drous alkalies, ih. 

Alkalim'eter, I. 322,4 c ; Xin. 758, 1 ah. 

ALEALiM'BrBT, I. 322 ; Xni. 768, 1 a. 

AlJcaline earths, tannates of, their solnbility in 
water, VII. 584, 1 b. 

Alkaline jlaU, Nevada, XII. 264, 1 c. 

Al'kaloid, I. 322. Tannates of alkaloids, their 
solubility in water, VII. 684, 1 b. 

Alkasa [a!-kA'-na] ; see Henna. 

Al'kanet, plant, true and false, I. 322. 

Alkarsine [al-kar'-sin], (chemistry), IX. 733, 
2 b. 

AOcelcen'gi, plant, XIII. 481, 1 c ; yeHow, 1 b ; 
purple, 2 a. 

Alkin'di, or Alchindu 3, physician and philoso- 
pher, I. 322. 

Alkmaab [Slk'-mar], fortified town. I. 322. 

Alkmaar, Heinrich von, poet, I. 323. 

Alkoban : see Kobak. 

Allah, Mohammedan name of the Supreme 
Being, I. 323. Allah akhar, battle cry, 1 o. 
Allab abad, Moslem name of a sacred town, 
2a. 



ALLEN 

Allahabad', province, I. 393. District, 1 c. 

Town, ib. 
Allamakee', county, I. 323. 
Allamand, Jean Nicolas Sfibastien [al-U- 

mk°'], naturalist, I. 323. 
AUamanda, shrub, I. 323, 2 c. 
Allan, David, painter and engraver, I. 323. 
Allan, Sir William, historical painter, I. 324. 
Allan-Kardec, Hippolyto Lfion D^nizard, 

spiritualist, I. 324. 
AUan'tois, VI. 563, 2 be ; 564, 1 b, 2 a. 
Allard, Jean Francois [al-lar], soldier, I. 324. 
Ai'LARDioE, Robert Barclay : see Baeclat. 
Alia ud-Din [-deen'J, general, IX. 307, 3 c. 
Allayed (in alchemy) : see Allot, I. 335, 

lb. 
Al'leoan, county, I. 324. 
Alleqa'nt, two counties, I. 324. 
Allegation offaeultiea, in law, I. 320, 1 c. 
Allegkanies: see Appalachian Mountains, I, 

589. 
Allbohant, two counties, I, 824. 
ALLEGHANr COLLEGE : See Meadvillb. 
Alleghany Mountains : see AppALAoniAiS 

MOVNTAINS. 

Alleghany Riveb, I. 825. 

Allegheny [al-le-ga'-ne], county, I. 325. 

Allegheny City, I. 325. 

Alle'gianoe, I. 325. English common law, 
326, 1 b. French code, 1 c. Naturalization, 
2 a. Doctrine of the United States, 3 c. 

ALLEdBi, Antonio [fil-la'-gre] r see Ooekegoio. 

Allegbi, Gregorio, ecclesiastic and composer, 
I. 827. 

Allkine, or Allein, Joseph [51'-Ion], I. 327. 
Richard, 2 c. 

ALi.BSfABD, Zacharie Jacques Theodore [31- 
mfi,'*], count, and vice admiral, I. 328. 

Alles, four counties, I. 328. 

Allen, Bog of: see Bog. 

Allbs, Ethan, revolutionary partisan, I. 328, 

Allen, Ira, revolutionary soldier, Vermont sec- 
retary of state, &c., L S29. 

AiLBN, Joseph W., landscape painter, I. 329. 

Allen, Paul, editor and author, I. 329. 

Allen, Samuel, acting governor of New Hamp- 
shire, I. 329. 

Allen, Solomon, major in the revolutionary 
army, L 339. 

Allen, Thomas, clergyman, and chaplwn in 
the revolutionary war, I. 330. 

Allen, William, D. D., president of Bowdoin 
college, I. 330. 

Allen, William, chemist, I. 830. 



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ALLEN 

Allen, William, cardinal and arclibishop, found- 
er of Douay college : see Alan. 

Allbs, William Ilenrj, naval officer, I. 330. 

ALLes, William Henry, LL. D., echoJar and 
educator, I. S30. 

Allenbb, JosS [a-Iyain'-iSa], Spanish army o£B- 
cer, L 331. 

AitBSTOWs, tflwn of Pennsylvania, I. 331. 

Al'lbstbbb, or Allestrey, Eichard, English di- 
vine, r. 331. 

Allestrey: see Allestmek. 

Alleyn, Edward [fil'-Ien], actor, I. 831. 

All FooW Day, L 606, 2 a. 

AlX-FotiEa', game, I. 331, 

Alloaieb, Johann [Al'-ghi-er], chosa player, I, 
331. Allgaier gambit, »., and IV. 386, 2 b. 

All Hallows: see All Saims' Dat. 

AlUa'eeom (odor), VII. 634, 2 b. 

Alli'anee of intervention: see Juakez, Benito 
Pablo, IX. 697, 2 c 

AL'uBoaE, Samuel Austin, LL. D., author, L 
881. 

Allibb [fi-Iya], department, I. 333. 

Al'lioatoe, L 883. Properly so called, 833, 

1 a ; of Guiana and Surinam (cayman), 1 c ; 
of Brazil, tb. ; of all tropical America (ja- 
ear6), iJ,. (ill.). 

Alligator cooler (turtle), XV. 131, 2 b. 

Alligator garjbh, VII. 622, 1 b. 

Alligator leather, X. 2T8, 2 b. 

Al'liitgham, William, poet, L 333. 

AlliTtm (botany), SII. 630, 1 c. A. cepa, 3 a. 
A. fistulosum, 631, 3 a. A. schcsuoprasura, 
»i. (ill.). A. sativam, VII. 624, 3 a. A. vi- 
neale, 2 c. A. moly, iS. A. porrara, X. 313, 
3aCdl.). 

Al'us, Pierre, French Protestant divine, L 383. 

Al'loa, seaport town, I. 334. 

Allobeooes [al-lob'-ro-jeez], Gallic people, I. 
834. 

Allo'dial (tenure), XV. 654, 3 a. Allodial pro- 
prietors, VII. 160, 2 b (Feudal System). 

j4?Miaiis!«, independent proprietors, VII. 160, 

2 b. 

Allo'dhtm, in law, 1. 334. See Fbudal Ststkm, 
VIL 160, 3 be. 

Al'lom, Thomas, architect and landscape paint- 
er, I. 334. 

Allomak:ee' : see Allamakee. 

Allop'atht, in medicine, I. 334. 

Ali.o'bi, Alesaandro, painter, L 334. Cristo- 
fano, 3 b. 

Allot'eopism, L 334; II. 86, 2 a; IX. 433, 
1 c. See Chesustbt, IV. 870, 2 a. 



Allouez, Claude Jean [ai-wa], Jesuit esplorer, 
1. 835. 

Allot', I. 335. Specific gravity, I. 335, 2 a; 
Tan der Weyde's rule for finding it, 336, 
2 b. Fusibility, 335, 3 b; fusible at lowest 
temperature. Hi. Conducting power of heat 
and electricity, 3 c. Fragility, iS. Cohesion, 
ib. Color, ii. Use of alloys in steam boil- 
ers, 836, 3 c; as electrical tests, 337, 1 a. 

Alloys of lead, X. 263, 2 a. 

All Saints' Bat, or Bahia de Todos Santos, 
L 337. 

All Saints' ckuTclh (London), X. 598, 3 b. 

All Saints' Day, festival, I. 337. 

All Souls, in the church calendar, I. 337. 

All'spioe, or Jamaica Pepper, I. 887 (ill.). 

All'ston, Washington, piunter, I. 387. 

Allu'vidm, deposila by running streams, I. 
838. 

Allygurh : see AuGnnR. 

All}/le [al'-Iil], chemical radical, Vll. 634, 2 be. 

Allyn, William, cardinal and archbishop, found- 
er of Douay college: see Alan. 

Alma, river, I. 340. Battle of the, 1 a. 

Almaoks [awl'-iniksj, assembly rooms, I. 840 ; 
X. 595, 1 bo. 

Almadbn, or Almaden del Azogue [Sl-ma- 
ISaia' (ftail S-tbo'-ga], Spanish town, I. 340. 

Almadenyos [&l-ma-iAa-na'-'hocel, or Little Al- 
maden, quicksilver mine, I. 340, 3 b. 

Ai.'maoest, I. 340 ; II. 43, 1 o, Mid 44 2 b. See 
Ptolemy, XIV. 64, 3 a. 

Almagro [M-mfi,'-gro], city, I. 340. 

Almaoeo, Diego de, I. 840. His son, 341, 1 b. 

Almahih, lunar goddess, SII. 117, 2 a. 

Almali, or Elmalu [Sl-ma-l6', el-ma-loo"], city, 
L 341. 

AL-MiMouN, Abu Abbas Abdailah [M-mi- 
moon'], caliph, I. 841. 

Almamy, an elective African sovereign, VII. 
309, 2 0. 

Al-kasao [awl'-ma-nak], I. 841. 

Al'mandine ruhy, XV. 371, 3 b (Spinel). See 
Gaenet, Vn. 635, 1 b. 

AL-MASSOtiK, Abu Jaffar Abdailah [ftl-mdn- 
■soor'], caliph, I. 342. 

Al'maric, or Amalrie of Bfine, or Amaury of 
Chartres, theologian and philosoplier, I. 343. 

Almeh [i!'-ma], Egyptian singer and dancer, 
L 343. 

Almeida [il-ma'-e-da], fortified town, I. 343. 

Almeida, Francisco de, viceroy, I. 343. 

AlmerJa [Sl-ma-re'-a], province, I. 343. Capi- 
tal city, 2 c. 



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24 



ALMODOVAE 



Almodo'yar, Ildefonso Diaz de Eibera, eonnt 

of, statesman, I. 343, 
Almohabes [al'-mo-liads], Moslem dynasty, I. 

844. See 805, 1 c. 
Al'mos, John, political TTriter, I. S44. 
AiiioND [ara'-nnd], plant, I. S44 (ill.). 
Almondk, Philippus van [al-mon'-deh], vice 

admiral, I. 345. 
Almond paste, powdered, XIII. 290, 3 a. 
Almonds, hitter, artificial oil of, II. 546, 1 be ; 

XIII. 389, 1 b (nitro-benzole). 
Ai'MONER, I. 845. Lord high almoner, 1 c. 

Grand almoner (hereditary), iS. Grand au- 

in6nicr, ib. 
Aluontb, Jnan Nepomnceno [fll-mone'-ta], 

genera! and diplomatist, I. 345. 
Almo'ea, town, I. 345. 
AiatoKiviDEs [al-roo'-ra-vids], Moslem dynasty, 

I. 345. Allusion to, 295, 2 b. 
Aljao», Magyar leader, I. 763, 1 b ; IX. 55, 2 a. 
Al-Motasaem, caliph, I. 841, 2 a. 
Almqdist, Earl Jonas Lndwig [Slm'-lcwiat], 

Swedish author, I. 345, 
Almug (sandal wood), VIII. 7S, 2 a. 
Almt, William, philantliropiat, I. 84G. 
Alnus (botany), I. 268, 1 bo (ill.). Species of, 

ib. 
Alswiok [Sn'-ik], town, I. 346. Alnwick cas- 
tle, 2 a (ill.). 
AWa (sea grass), XVI. 733, I ab. 
AiOB [aV-o ; Lat. aloe, Sl'-o-e}, plant, I. 846. 
Aloe, American r see Agate. 
Aides, inspissated jnioe of aloe leayes, I.' 346. 

Lign aloes, 347, 1 b. 
Alo'id.*;, mythical, I. 347. 
Ahmirados [ft-iome-br4'-(Soce], sect of mys- 
tics; see Illuminati, IX. 198, 1 be. 
Axom'i'RA, founder of a Burman dynasty, I. 

347. 
Alonso, or Alonzo : see Alfonso, I. 295, 2 a. 
Ahpeci'id(8 (ichthyology), XIV. 829, 1 be. 
Alopeeu'Tua pTatm'di (botany), VIII. 168, 1 o. 
Alo'piaa vul'pea (ichthyology), XIV. 829, I o 

(ill.). 

Aloqm wine [S-lo'-ka], I. 812, 2 a. 

Alo'ga (ichthyology), VIII. 696, 2 b. A. ty- 
rannna, I. 275, 1 c; XI. 388, 3 b. A. men- 
haden, il>. (ill.); XIV. 631, 2 b. A. pii- 
chardns, XIII, 513, 2 a (ill.); XIV. 807, I 
a. A. prtestabilis, 1 b (ill.). See Sakdikb. 

Alost, or Aelst [^'-lost, ftlat], town, I. 347. 

Aloys, prince, X. 416, 1 c. 

Aloy'aia eitri^do'ra (botany), XVI. 308, 3 a. 

AloT/aius, St. : see Gonzaoa, Luigi. 



Alpaca [al-pl'-ka], speciesof llama, 1. 347(ill.) ; 

X. 558, 2 b. 
Alpargates [al-par'-ga-teez], sandals, VI. 728, 

3 b. 
Alp Abslas', sultan, I. 347. 
Aipe'sa, county, I. 348, 
Awes, Basses and Hantes ; see Basses- Alpes, 

and Hahtes-Alpeb. 
Alpks-Mahitimes [alp-mS-re-teem], depart- 
ment, I, 348. 
Al'pha and Omb'ga, as thrice used in the book 

of Revelation, L 348. 
Al'phabet, I. 348 (ill.). Bee Wbitikg. 
Alphabet, Batak, II. 379, 1 b. 
Alphabet, Cyrillie: see Cymi. akd METiionnrs, 

V. 620, 1 ab, and Slavic Each amd Lan- 

OTTAQES, XV. 104, 1 ab. 
Alphabet, lonie, first use of in public records, 

Vni. 195, 2 a. 
Alphabet, manual: see Dbat akd Dbmb, V. 

739 and 740. 
Alphabet, Phanician, XIII, 455, 3 O (}\\., 456) ; 

Neo-Punio, 1 a. 
Alphabet, phonographic, XIII. 459. 
Alphabet, physiological, Mas Muller's, XIII, 

458 ; Whitney's, ib. 
Alphabet, urmenal, scheme of by Leibnitz, X. 



Alphabets, collection of, and numerous speci- 
mens of : see Bodoni, II. 778, 2 c. 

ALPHE'ua, river, I. 851. 

AlphoMo: see Alfosso. 

Al'pisb, county, I. 851. 

Alpine antelope, IV. 344, 1 c. 

Alpine Ureh, II. 648, 1 b. 

Alpine tunnel (Mont Oenis), IV, 190, 1 a. 

Alpinia galanga (botany), VII. 556, 1 b. 

Alps, I. 351. Maritime, 2b; Lignrian, ib.; 
Upper Maritime, ^"6.; Cottian, 2o; Graian, 
ib. ; Pennine, H. ; Lepontine, or Helvetian, 
353, 1 a. Description : average height, 851, 
2 b ; line of permanent snow, 352, 1 c ; gla- 
ciers, 3 a; Mer de Glace, 2 b; whirlwinds, 
ib. ; optical illusions, 2 c ; geological struc- 
ture, ib. ; flora, 353, 2 b ; animals, 2 c ; roads, 
354, 1 h-355, 1 a. Hannibal's route, VIII. 
443. S ab. 

Alp-TegUn [aip-tSh-gheenl, founder of the 
Ghnznevide dynasty, VIl. 793, 2 b. 

Alpujakbab, or Alpuiarras [Sl-poo-'h&r'-rass], 
mountainous region, I. 355. 

Jiri)j'('li™»), pretended Messiah, VIIL597, 2a. 

Albaob [ai-sfiss], province, I. 355, Map, 355. 

AUace gum, VI. 65, 1 c 



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ALSAOE-LOEEAINE 

Albaok-Loehaine, I. 356 (map). 
AisES [M'-zen], Baltic island, I. 357. 
Al-Sirat [ai-so-rfif], Mohammedan bridge over 

hell, XI. 698, 1 b. 
AUoph'ila exceha (botany), VII. 151, 2 c (ill.). 
ALaiKD, Johann Heinrioh [fll'-6tet], German 

Protestant divine and author, I. 357. 
Alston, Jolm [awl'-stnn], benefactor of the 

Wine!, T. 357. 
AiBTKOMEE, Jonas [M'-strO-mcr], I. 357. Klas, 

botanist, 2 c. 
Ahtromer lily, or inca, I. 858, 1 a. 
Altai [ftl-ti'], mountain range, I. 358. 
Alt AM AHA [ai-ta-ma^haw'], rivor, I. 359. 
AUamira de Gdcerea [81-ta-me'-ra da kS'-sa- 

race] : see Barinas, II. 812, 1 b, 
Altamura [fil-ta-moo'-ra], town, I. S59. 
Altar [awl'-tar], for religious sacriticoa and 

offerings, I. 359. 
Alt'dorp, or Altorf, town, I. 360. 
Alt'dorfee, Albrecht, painter and engraver, 

I. 360. 
Altesa [al'-teh-na], town, I, 360. 
Altbnbubs, or Sase-AItenbnrg [sas-fil'-ten- 

boorg], Bovereign duchy, I. 3fi0. 
Altkn-Oettikq [al'-tea-ot'-ting], or Alt-Oet- 

ting, town, I. 360. 
Altbsstein [dl'-ten-atine], mountain castlo, I. 

360. 
Altenstein, Karl, baroa, I. 361. 
Alteratives [awl'-ter-a-tivz], medicine, I. 361. 
AUernat [Sl-tair-nS], in interoational law, X. 

225, 2 a. 
Altkr'natb Gbnbea'tios: siee Jelli Fisn. 
ALTn.fi'A, genus of plants, I. 861. A. offioinaTis, 

3 b. A. rosea: see HoLLynooK. Shrubby 

althiea (A. frutes), VIU. 714, 1 a. 
Al'tham, Lord, 1. 534, 1 a. 
Althbs, Ehan [fil-tS°'], a Persian, benefactor 

of the French people, I. SGI. He asked for 

bread, and they gave him a stone, 362, 1 a. 
AltAiTig [&l'-ting], (Iceland), IX. 152, 2 c ; 

153, 2 a. 
AUhit Anna (ornithology), IX, 50, 2 b (ill). 
Althokp, Viscount: see Spbnoee, XV. 258, 1 b. 
AlUeri, Mnilio [M-te-a'-re], (Clement X.), IT. 

663, I b. 
AltM, sacred grove, XII. 633, 1 b. 
AL'nrrDK, I. 362. 

Altkiroh [Slt'-keer'h], town, I. 363. 
AUmarh, a former district of Saxony, III. 209, 

Sab. 
AltmUh, one of the " slave kings," IX, 307, 



ALTAR 25 

Alt'mShl, river, I. 362. 

Alto Amazonaa, river, I. 380, 3 a. 

Alt-Obttihg: see Altbn-Oettihq. 

Alto Grande [M'-to gr&n'-da], mountain range, 
V. 345, 1 b. 

Alton [awl'-tan], city, I. 862, 

Alton [U'-tun], family, I. 362. Richard, count 
d', 2 c, Edward, count d', ib. Johann Wil- 
helm, naturalist, 868, 1 a. JohaoQ Samuel 
Eduard, scientist, 1 b. 

Altona [al'-to-na], city, I. 363. 

Alton College: see SHrKiLEFF College. 

Altoo'na, city, I. 363. 

Al'toef, or Altdorf, town, I. 363. 

Alto-Eiubvo [al'-to-re-lja'-vo], in sculpture, I. 
868 ; XIT. 715, 1 e, 

AU-PiUm [fllt-pil'-zen], village, XIII. 517, 2 ab. 

AlUohl [Slt'-zole], a line of the Isterhazy fam- 
ily, TI, 740, 1 o. 

Alot'eas, county, I. 363. 

Alu'citcg, moths, XI. 870, 2 b. 

Ai/HM, I. 363. Manufacture of, 364, 1 b-366, 
1 a. Use in medicine and the arts, 366, 
1 a-2 a ; in adulterating bread, lard, Ac, iS. ; 
in baker's bread, 183, 1 b. 

Alumhradoi [a-loom-brfi'-Woce] : see Illbmi- 

Alum cake, I. 365, 2 b; 869, 1 a. 

Alum curd, VI. 451, 3 a. 

Alum-Geer [a-loom-gheer'], title, II. 135, 3 a. 

Am'MisA, I. 366. Preparation of, 2 c. Prop- 
erties of, 367, 1 a. Silicate of (pure clay), 
IT. 649, 1 b. Sulphates of, XT. 453, 2 b. 

Aluminates, I. 867, 1 b. 

Alumin.'iv.m : see Alttminum. 

Aln'mirtous schUt^ I. 364, 3 be. Manufacture 
of alum from, 365, 1 a. 

Alit'minijm, or Alumin'ium, a metallic base, I. 
367. Properties of, 368, 2 a. Salts of, 3 c. 

Alutninvm hrtmie, I. 868, 2 c ; T. 320, 1 a. 

Alnm'tiat, I. 369, 1 b (bia). 

Aotm'nds, I. 889. 

Alvm-root, plant, VIT. 731, 3 b. 

AVunite, or alum stone, mineral, I. 384, 1 b. 

Alunno, Nicolft [S-loon'-no], painter, I. 869. 

Ahi'nogen (raineralogj), XV, 453, 3 b. 

Al'bhed, Aired, or Alfred of Beverley, histo- 
rian, I. 389. 

Alu'ia, Alt or Olt, river, I. 869. 

Alva, or Alba, Fernando Alvarez de Toledo, 
duke of, Spanish general and statesman, and 
bloodthirsty military ruler, I. 369. 

Alvar', Alwur', or Machery, state, I, S71. 
Capital, 1 c. 



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Alvaeado [M-ra-rS'-fSo], river and town, I. 

871. 
AiVASADO, Pedro do, Spanish adveaturer, J. 

871. 
Altaeez, Francisco [fH'-vS-ress], traveller, I, 

373. 
Altabbz, Juan, Mexican general, I. 372. 
Ahem [al'-ve-us], in ancient baths, II. 333, 

le. 
Alvdjczt, Joseph, haron [ol'-yin-tae], field 

marshal, I. 372. 
AVawr: see Aivah. 
AxxiBOBR, Johann Baptist von [Mx'-ing-er], 

poet, J. 373. 
Alytea [a-ll'-toe?:], genus of toads, XV. 778, 

2 c. 
AizEY [iii-tsi'], town, I. 872, 
Amade'ds, name of covinta of Savoy, I, 373. 

Amadeua V., 1 a. Amadeua VIII., 1 h ; 

elected pope (Felix V.), 1 c, and II. 359, 1 b. 
Amadecs L (Amadeo Ferdinando Maria), Icing 

of Spain, 1. 873. Eeferred to, XIV. 779, 1 b. 

Abdication of, I. 16, 1 h. 
Amadi'na (ornithology), VII. 190, 1 e. A. 

oryzivora, 3 a. 
Am'adi^ of Gatjt,, mythical hero, I. 373. 
Amabor', county, I. 373. 
Amadou [am-a-doo'], tinder, I. 173, I c. 
Amaho'sa, CaSre tribe, III. 547, 1 e. 
Amakuki: see Amaxichi. 
Amal'abio, last Visigoth king of Spain, I. 873. 
Amalason'tha, or Anialasuintha, daughter of 

Theodorio the Great, and regent of Italy, I. 

373 ; IX. 737, 2 c. 
Amalasuinfha : see Amaiasonttta. 
AMAt'BinTKs, Bedouin tribe of ancient Pales- 
tine, I. 374. 
Amalfi [a-mM'-fe], city and seaport, I. 374 

(ill.). 
Amal'gam, I. 874. Of mercury and 



Amalgam,, eleefrie, VI. 605, 1 c. 
Amalsamation, for extracting minerals from 

ores, I. 375. 
Am'ali: see Amai.s. 
Amalia, Anna [fl-mfL'-le-a], duchess of Saxe- 

Weimar, I. 376. 
Amalie, Mario Friederike [^ml'-le-5h], queen 

of Greece, I. 375. 
Amaxik, Marie Friederike Angnste, duchesB, 

dramatist, I. 876. 
Amalie Berter, pseudonyme : see Amalib, 

Marie Friederike Augnste. 
Am'ais, or Am'ali, Gothic royal family, I. 376. 



i, mythical, I. 870. Horn of, V. 369, 

la. 
Amana communUU [S-m^'-na], XV. 140, 3 a. 
Aman'diii, Brother: see Scso, Heinrich. 
Amandua, self-styled emperor, IL 215, 1 a. 
Ama'sus, monntain range, I. 87G. 
Amaponda, or Mambootis, Cafire trihe, III. 

547, 1 c. 
Amar, J. P. Andre [2-mar], Frenoh revolution- 
ist, I. 876. 
Am'ahanth, plant, I. 376. Love-lies-bleeding 

(iiL), and other species. 
Amaranth), globe, IX. 190, 2 e. 
Amaran'tm (botany), I. 876, 2 ab. A. cauda- 

tus, 2 b (ill.), and other species. A. blitum, 

untouched by the locust, XIV. 378, 2 a 
Amaeapdba, or Ummerapnia [-poo'-ra], city, I, 

377. 
AmaryVUa belladonna (botany), IT. 501, 1 

A. formosissima, IX. 498, 1 ab (ill.). 
Amasia, Amasieh, or Aniasiyah [^-mS'-se 

-se-gh, -se-yfl], city, I. 377. 
Amaeieh : see Amabia. 
Ama'sis, or Araosis, two Egyptian kings, I. 

877. 
Amaaia, king of Egypt, referred to, XIII. 686, 

lb. 
Amasiyah : see AwisiA. 
Amatemba, or Tambookis, CafFre tribe. III. 

547, 1 c. 
Amati [a-m&'-te], family, I, 377. Andrea, 3 a. 

Nicolfi, 2 b. Antonio, ib. Geronimo, 2 a 

Nioold, *&. 
" Amatis, grand," XVI. 865, 1 ab, 
Amatitlan', town, I. 378. 
Ama'ttts Lusita'ntts, physician, I. 378. 
Amaueo'sis, affection of the eye, I. 878, 
Amaury [a-mo-re], or Amalric, two kings of 

Jerusalem, I. 878. 
Amaurt of CnAETRES ; see Almaeio of 

AMAXiCiii, or Amakuki [am-ax-S'-ke, am-a-koo'- 
ke], seaport, I. 378. 

Amazi'ah, king of Judah : ace Hebrews, VIII. 
588, 2 c. 

Amazirgha [ii-ma-zeergs'], II. 549, 2 be (Bee- 
bees). Eeferred to, X. 406, 1 b. 

Au'azos, or Amazons, river, I. 378. Discov- 
ered, 880, 2 a. First navigated, XII, 686, 2 a. 
Periodical inundations, 1. 379, 2 a. Thebore, 
description of, 3 b. Back ohannela, 3 c. 
Temperature, ib. Valley of the Amazon, 
ib. Amazon navigation company, 380, 1 e. 
Ori^n of the name, 3 a. 



, Google 



AMAZON 



" Amasan of the Renolution,''^ female French 

revolationist, XV. 701, 1 ab, 
Amazo'kas, province of Brazil, I. 380, 

partment of Peru, 3 b. 
Amazonia, supposed comitry of the fabled 

Amazons in Sonth America, I. 380. 
Am'azoss, race of martial women, I. 880. A 

nation of fabled modern female warriors, 

380, 2 a. 
Amazons^ king of Dahomey's gaard, V. 636, 2 

b ; I. 27, 1 c (Abomey). 
Amazoolooi ; see Zooloos. 
Ambas'sadob, or Embassador, I. 381. 
AmMti [Sm-ba'-te], Peejee priest, VII. 112, 3 a, 
Am'bee, 1. 381. Early knowledge of its olectrio 

power, 382, 3 b ; VI. 500, 2 ab. False amber, 

I. 383, 3 b. 
Ambero [Am'-bairg], town, I. 382. 
Ambbboee, Christopii [Sm-bair'-gher], painter, 

I. 383. 
AMBBGOE13 [am'-ber-greeoe], perfume, I. S83 ; 

XIII. 289, 1 b. 
Amiigu'ity^ latent, in law, VII. 8, 1 c. 
Ambi'ohix, Gallic chief, I. 383. 
AMBLBTBusa [a'*-bliih-til2], decayed seaport, I. 

Amhl^op'sis (ichthyology), II. 723, 2 e. A. 

spolffiua, 3 ab (ill.) ; V. 17T, 1 ab, 179, 2 ab. 

See Crawfish, V. 484, 2 o, and FMes, Uind 

(Index). 
Aniblyrhyn'chua, lizard, VII. 557, 1 bo. A. 

cristatas, *i. A. Demarlii, 1 c. 
Amhlyi'toma (zoology), II. 166, 2 c, ff.; XIV. 

658, 1 c. 
Amlo, or ambon, reading desk, XIII. 245, 1 a. 

Its place in ancient churches, IV. 668, 3 b. 
Amboise [S'^-bwiz], town, I. 383. Conspiracy 

of, 1 a, and IX. 37, 1 c. 
Amboise, George d', cardinal and statesman, I. 

883. 
Amboy'na, or Amboina, island, I. 383. Capital, 

384, 1 b. 
Aioboyiia wood, IV. 208, 3 o- 
Ambba'oia, ancient town, I. 384. 
Ambracian galf, I. 334, 3 a. 
Amhreine [am'-bre-in], I. 383, 1 b (Ambergris). 
Am/hristeT, British subject, tried and executed 

by order of Andrew Jaokeon, IX. 491, 1 c. 
Ambeiz [Sm-breoz'], a diririon of Angola, 1. 884. 
Amhrogiotto : see Giotto. 
AMBBo'ifES, a nation of Gaul, I. 384. 
Am'beosb, Saint, I. 384. As a writer, X. 200, 

1 c. Monachism encouraged by him, XI. 

729, 3 ab. 



Ambro'sia, mythical, I. 385. 

Ambrosian Chakt, I. 385. 

Ambeosian Libbaby, I, 385. 

Ambroaian riu, the, X. 535, 1 be. 

Ambroaiam, religious order, II, 318, 3 c. 

Ambrodm : see Ambrose. 

Am'brotype, XIII. 470, 2 b (PnOTOOEApny). 

Ambulator;/, legal term, VII. 805, 3 be. 

Ambulatory echook, in Sweden, VI. 420, 1 c. 

Ameer, title, XV. 64, 3 c. 

Ameha [S^ma'-va], lizard, X. 651, $■ ab. 

Amb'lia, county, I. 386. 

Amelia, prineem, effect of her death on the 

miud of King George III., VII. 709, 1 b. 
-imeita, pseudonyme; see Welbt. 
Amklot db la IIoirasAYE, Abraham Nicolas 

[am-lo dab m oos-sa], author, I. 886. 
Amblotth, Denis [am-lut], French writer, I. 

Amen, [a'-men], or Amen-Ea, Egyptian: god, I. 
436, 1 c. 

Amen-Tuitep : see Ambnophis. 

Am,en-iritia, queen of Ethiopia, VI. 750, 1 a. 

Ames'ophis, Amunoph, or Amen-hotep, Egyp- 
tian king, I. 386; VI. 461, 1 b, 2 ab. 

Amenopku III., statne of; see Memhon. 

Am'ent: see Caiftin. (Index). 

Amentacew (botany), XII. 561, 1 b. 

Ambrbaoh, Johann [i'-mer-bfi'li], printer, I. 
387. Bonifaz, professor, 1 b. 

Ambk'ioa, I. 387. Geology, 2 a ,■ volcanoes, b ; 
animals, ift. ; flora, 388, 1 c ; extent, ib. ■ area, 
population, and history, 391, 3 b-393, 1 a; 
ancient population, 896, 2 be. North Amer- 
ica, 888, 1 c ; map, after 386 ; mountains and 
watersheds, 888, 2 a-389, 2 c; minerals, 389, 
2 c; political divisions, 390, 1 b. Central 
America, 390, 1 o; temples of, 397, 2 c, 
Sonth America, topographical divisions, 390, 
2 b-391, 1 a ; political do., 391, 1 and 3 ; map, 
after 390. Islands of America, 391, 3 a. 

America, discotery of, claimed by Venetians, 
I, 667, 2 c. See Zbno, Nicol6 and Antonio. 
Welsh legend respecting it, X. 828, 1 c. See 
NOBTHJIEH, XII. 498, I b. 

Am,ericcin aleytije, fish, I. 276, 1 c. 

Amehicait Abtiqpities, I. 393 (ills.). See also 
Alabama, I. 229, 1 c; Atiboes, II. 100, 2 
ab; Aymaras; Aztecs; Brasseite db Botte- 
BOiTEs; Cabas Gkandes; OmcHEW; Colo- 
rado, V. 107, 1 a; COPAW; OUNDINAMAROA ; 

Cuzco, V. 603, 1 a, b, c ; Finiw, VIII. 197, 2 a, 
and 198, 1 a; La Paz, X. 159, I a; Maei- 



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28 AMERICAN 

ETTA, OMo; Masj^ta; Mayas; Miohioan, 
XI. 49T, 3 c; MorsDSTixLB; Nogth Caro- 
lina, XII. 490, 2 e ; Ohio Rivkb, 603, 2 ab; 
Palbnqub; Pbbo, XIII. 841,3 be; Pbten, 
S49, 2 c; Sqitiee, Ephraim George; Stb- 
PHEsa, John Lloyd ; TESTiEsaEB, XV. 644, 
3 a; TmoAOA; Vancodver Island, XVI. 
256, 2 ab; Wiboonsin, 682, 3 a; Yucatah, 
800, 1 ab ; Akizona, I. Til, 2 b. 

American association, (of the colonies), XVI. 
155, 2 c. 

Ameriam imociatuin for the advancement of 
Kienee, I. 137, 1 c. 

American city, so-called (Cuba), III. 778, 2 a. 

American colonisation. Spanish, VII. 284, 1 a. 
French, III. 677, 2 he; X. 677, 3 b. Lon- 
don company, XV. 189, 1 c; XVL381,2bc. 
London aad Plymoath companies, XVI. 150, 
1 c. Dutch West India company, XII. 371, 
lab. 

AToericanfur company^ VII. 539, 1 a. 

American geohgical society, first meeting of, 
VIL 691, 2 0. 

Amebicas IsDisjfa, I. 401. Names of tribes, 

1 c ; social condition at the diacOTcry of 
America, 2 ab, aod 402, 1 c; physical and 
intellectual character, 2 b ; origin, 402, 1 b. 
Treatment by the Spaniards, 404, 1 ab; by 
the French, 1 c; by the English, 3 b. Indian 
missions, 2 c. Indian wars, 405, 1 c. Treat- 
ment by the United States, 2 c. 

Amkkicam Indiahs, Langaages of the, I. 407. 
Peculiarities of, 1 c. North American, 2 b ; 
South American, 412, 1 a. 

Aubbioanibms, I. 414. 

Am^ican ivy, SVI. 388, 2 a. 

American Jov-mal of Science and Arts, VII. 
691, 3 b and c; XV. 45, 2 b and c. 

American lion, V, 433, 1 c. 

American ore hearth, X. 266, 2 ab. 

American revolution, beginning of, in Virginia, 
Vni. 664, 1 c. See United States. 

Ameeioan River, I. 416. 

American aaile, XI. 601, 1 ab. 

American, safeguard, the great (zoology), X, 
651, 3 b. 

American tenna, IV. 63, 2 b. 

Ameeican Wines, I. 416. Wines of the Al^ 
lantic coast, 417, 1 c; of the southern At- 
lantic states, 430, lb; of the Pacific coast, 

2 a. 

American woodbine, XVI. 388, 3 a. 

Amebioo Vespuoci [&-ma-re'-go ves-poot'-che] ; 



Ameriscog'gin, river : see ANnnoscoBGnl. 
Ambbsfooet [fi'-mers-fort], town, I. 433. 
Ambs, Edward E., D. D., clergyman, I. 433. 
Ambs, Fisher, orator and statesman, I. 422. 
Ames, Joseph, portrait painter, I. 423, 
Ambs, Joseph, antiquary, I. 423. 
Ames, William, D, D., English Independent 

divine, L 423. 
Amesbuet [aJmz'-b§r-e], town, I. 433. Bard 

of Amesbory, 1 b. 
Ames manufacturing company, IV. 421, 1 c. 
Am'ethyst, I. 433. Oriental, XIV. 636, 1 b ; 

637, 1 a. 
Amsa [am-g4'], river of Siberia, I. 423. 
Amha/ra [im-M'-rs,]: see Abyssinia, I. 45, 3 a, 

&c,, and AjuKAiiio LANQtrAOG. 
AMnABio Lanouage, I. 423; VI. 753, 3 b. 

Amharic Bible, I. 49, 1 c. 
Amhbbst [Uni'-erst], county, I. 433. 
Amuehst, town of Massachusetts, 1. 423. Am- 
herst college, 2 c. 
Amhehst, town of British Burmah, I. 494. 
Amhekst, Jeffery, baron, English general, I. 

424; 20, 3 b; XV. 738, 1 a. William Pitt, 

earl, and Viscount Holmesdale, 2 c. 
Amia (ichthyology), XII. 25, 2 ab. A. ocoiden- 

talig, 26, 1 a (ill., 25). 
Amian'thus; see Asbbstus. 
Amicable society for a perpetual mmirance 

office (England), X. 434, 2 o. 
Amice [am'-is], priest's vestment, I. 424. 
Amioi, Giovanni Battista [fi-mS'-che], optician 

and astronomer, I. 425. Vineenzo, 1 ab. 
Amict: see Amiob. 
Am'ida, Japanese deity, IX. 639, 1 a. 
Amida, ancient town : see Diaebekih. 
AM'iDiS, Philip, discoverer, I. 425. 
AmUnois [Sm-yfi-nwa], district, I. 425, 2 a. 
Amiens [am'-e-enz; Fr. am-yS"], town, I. 425. 

Treaty of, 3 a, and XV. 313, 1 c. 
Amih&uek, Indian tribe, II. 436, 1 be. 
Amin'iaa, brother of ^sohylus, rewarded for 

his courage, 1. 151, 2 b; 152, 1 a. 
Amiot, or Amyot, Joseph [fim-yo], missionary, 

L 423. 
Amir [a-meerT ; see Emih. 
Amira/ntes [am-e-rants'], islands, XI. 298, 1 c. 
Amisaio eimtatia, in Roman kw. III. 754, 3 ab. 
Am'iitad caae [8p. &-meea-taffi'], Mr. Adams 

counsel for the Africans, I. 105, 2 a. 
Amitb [a-raeetq, river, I. 425. 
Amite, county, I. 425. 
Amleth [am'-let] : see Hamlet. 
Amlwch [am'-look], seaport town, I. 426. 



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AMMAN 

Amman, Johann Konrad [4in'-mAn], physician, 
I. 426 ; V. 732, 2 h (Dbaf and Dmb). Joat, 
or Jodocaa, pdnter and engraver, 1. 436, 1 b. 

Ammeggau [Sm'-mer-gow] ; see Obeh-Ammbb- 

Ammiah'ds Makoblli'nus, Roman soldier and 

historian, I. 426 ; X. 300, 1 b, be. 
Amma/Uuirtala'tum (botany), IX. 19fi, 3 be (ill.). 
Ammoc^tei (icbthyologj), referred to, VII. 340, 

1 b. 

Ammodro'mia (ornithology), VII. 193, 1 c. A. 
eaudaoatus, 3 a (ill., I o). A. mariiimus, 3 ab. 

Ammody'iea (ichthyology), VI. 448, 1 a. 

Am'mos, mythical, 1. 421} ; XII. llfl, 3 a ; XIII. 
436, 1 e. 

Amman, moult, XI. 739, 3 c. 

Ammmi, or Ammonium, oasis : see Siwah. 

Ammon, Ohristoph Triedrich von, theologian 
and pnlpit orator, I. 428. 

Ammo'kia, 1. 437. See CnBMisxRT, IV, 369, 2 b. 

Ammonia alum, I. 364, 1 e ; 365, 3 c ; 366, 1 a. 

AuuoNiAO, a gum resin, I. 428. 

Ammoniac acetate, I. 61, 2 ab. 

Ammoniakrut [am-mo'-ne-arkroot], explosive 
powder, VII. 38, 3 e. 

AmTiwniaa aeetions (of the New Testament), II, 
613, 1 a. 

Am'mositks [generic, sing, and pi., am-mo-ni'- 
teez], fossil shells, 1. 428 (ilk); H.484,3 b, 
485, 2 ab. Shell of, XII. 176, 2 c, 

Ammo'nium (chemistry), I. 428. 

Ammonium, Oasis of: see Siwah. 

AmmoTti'iiTet o/siher (fulminating silver), dis- 
coverer of, II, 585, 1 a. 

Ammo'nicsSso'oas, philosopher, 1.429. Found- 
er of Neo-Platonism, Xlt. 224, 3 o; YI,391, 

2 b; XIII, 614, 2 ab. 

Ammonoo'suck, Upper, and Lower or Great, 
two rivers, I. 429. 

Ammot'ragui (zoology), XIV. 837, 1 ab. 

Ahmohitiob, military stores or provisions, I. 
429. 

Amner: see Alhonbb. 

Am'sbbtt, pardon of political offences, I. 429. 
Relation of amnesty to pardon, 3 b. Proc- 
lamations of amnesty by Presidents Lincoln 
and Johnson, 430, 1 a. The pre»dent'a 
power to grant a genera! amnesty discussed, 
1 a-483, 1 b ; affirmed by the supreme court, 

Amnesty, proclamations of, by President John- 
son, IX, 661, 1 c and 2 c. 

Am'ni<yn,Yl. 568, 3 a; 664, S b. Dropsy of, 
XIL 569, 2 b. 



AMPHIOTYONY 29 

Amce'ba; see Aiumalouleb, I. 515, 1 b, 2 be; 

XIV. 34, 1 c. 

Amo'mjim cardamcmum (botany), III. 777, 1 
ab. A. Melegueta, 2 a. A. grana paradiM 
(ill), if. 
Am,on, deity: see Ammon, I. 426, 1 o, 
Amontilla'do skerry [Sp. ^-mone-te-lyfi'-(Ao], 

XV. 234, 2 bo and c. Oanse of its peculiar 
taste, in. 144, 1 a. 

Amostons, GuiUaume [a-mo'^-to""], physicist, 

L 433. 
Amoo Darya [S-moo' dar'-ya] : see Osna. 
Amooe, Amur [4-moor'], or Saghalien, river, I. 

433. 
Amoob Countbt, I. 433, 
A'mob r see Ebos. 

Amora'im, Jewish teachers, VIII. 595, I a. 
Amoret'ti, Carlo, Italian scholar, 1. 433. Maria 

Pellegrina, 3 o. 
Am'oriteb, tribe of Oanaanites, I. 434. 
Amogtiza'tios', or Amortizement [a-mor'-tiz- 

ment], in old English law, I. 434. Origin 

of the word, 1 b. 
Amortizement: see Amobuzation. 
Am'oet, Thomas, author, I. 434. 
A'mos, Hebrew prophet, I. 484. 
Amo'sia : see Amasis. 

Amobekao [ara-ua-kegl ; see Makohesteb, N". H. 
Amoy', seaport town, I. 434. 
Ampaly, tree, X. 810, 1 bo. 
Am'pelia (ornithology), XVI. 517, 1 c. A. 

garrnlus, 3 b (ill.) ; VII. 104, 3 ab. A. cedro- 

rum, IV. 166, 1 c. 
Ampelop'iia quinquefolia, or A. bederaeea 

(botany), XVI. 387, 2 c; ills., 388. Other 

species, ii. 
AMpfeiiK, Andr6 Marie [^"'-piur], physicist, I. 

434. His theory of electro-magnetism, VI. 

613, 2 b, ff. Jean Jacques Antoine, I. 435, 

1 a. 
Amp'fino, Bavarian village, I. 435. 
AMPBiAEi'ua, mythical hero and seer, I. 435. 
Amphib'ia, 1.435. SeeOoMPAEAiivEANATOMr. 
Amphibians and rattles, difference between 

them, I. 487, 2 b; VIIL 695, 2 a. 
Am'pMiole roelis, VIIL 831, 1 o. 
Amphiiol'ogy, in logic, X, 679, 2 b. 
Amphiear'pum (botany), XL 655, 2 h. A. 

Purstii, 2 c, A. Floridannm, iS. 
Amphie'tyon, mythical, I. 438, 1 c. 
Amphietyon'ic council, L 438, 1 c ; X. 323, 1 b. 
Amphio'ttons, I. 438. 
Amphietyony, protective union of neighboring 

Greek tribes, states, or cities, I. 488, 1 bo. 



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30 AMPHIL0CHU8 

AMPniL'ooatta, legendary hero, I. 438. 

Amphi'on, mythical, I. 439. 

Amphiox'-us (ichthyology), X. IST, 1 ab. A. 

lanceolatQS (ill.), 1 be. 
AmpMpneu'To, order of ampliihia, I. 435, 3 b. 
Ahphip'olib, ancient city, L 439. 
AwPHiaB^'NA (zoology), I. 433. A. fuliginosa, 

2 a (ill.). 
Amphithb'atke, Eoraan, I. 439, At Terona 

(ill.), 440; at Epbesus (ill.), VI. 678. 
Amphitheriam, fossil animal, 511. Ill, 1 h. 
Amphitbi'te, Greek deity, I. 441. How dis- 
tinguished from Aphrodite in ancient art, I a. 
AMrnii'HYOs, in Greek legends, I. 441 ; 364, 

lb. 
AmpM'uma me'ans (zoology), V. 242, 1 b (in.). 

A. tridaotylum, 1 c. 
Am'phoea, ancient vase, I. 441 (ills.). 
AmplifleT, for the microscope, SI. 515, 2 a. 
A'mpt'Mll park, alluded to, II. 449, 2 c. 
Ampdi.'la, Roman bottle-shaped vessel, L 441. 

Ampulla Ehemensis, legend of, 3 a. 
Ampitta'tion', surgical operation, I. 441, 
Am'raphel, ancient king, IV. 230, 2 ab. 
AsfEiT'eiE, or Umritair, town, I. 442. 
Ambu Ibn kl-Aas [fim'-roo ibn el-iLss'], early 

proselyte of Mohammed, I. 442. 
Ajtitu'L-KAis [^tn-rooHiilce'], or Amruleais, 

Arabian poet, I. 442, 
Ams'doef, Nikolaus yon, German reformer, I. 

443. 
Amahm'panda, in Persian demonology, V. 793, 

2 b. 
Am'sler, Samuel, engraver, I, 443. 
Am'stel, river, I. 443. 
Ah'stkedam, city, I. 443. Palace of, 444, 1 a 

(01.). 
Amt, district, II. 556, 1 c. 
Amiher [Sra'-ter], a naturalized citizen of the 

United States, case of, I. 327, 1 b. 
Amtmandf an officer of the Faroe isles, VII. 

00, 3 ft. 
Auock', rnnning, a Malay custom, I. 445. 
Am'ulet, worn as a preservative against real 

or fancied evil, I. 445. 
Amun, Egyptian deity, XII. 116, 2 a. 
Anvanoph: see AMKsopnia. 
Arkv/r : see Amooe. 
Amubath, or Murad [S*moo-r4t', moo-rM'], 

four Turkish sultans, I. 445. 
Ammath (J6ze£ Bern), Polish general, 11. 513, 

lo. 
AuiresAT, Jean ZnlSma [&-mtl-si], French sor- 

geon, I, 447. 



AN.^MIA 

Am'yda (zoology), XV. 810, 2 a and c. A. 

spinifer, 3 a. 
Amyg'dalm: see Tombixs, 
Amygda'lm (botany), I. 344, 2 be ; 345, 1 b. 
AmygioMtu: see Quinsy. 
Amyo'daloid, a rock formation, I. 447. See 

XVI. 5T4, 2 a. 
Amygdalm (botany) : see Aimond. A. Per- 

sioa (peach), XIH. 204, 2 c; ill., 205, I a. 

Meaning of amjgdalus, 20C, 1 ab. 
Am'yl (chemistry), I. 447. 
Amyla'eeoug matter : see Stabch. 
Amyl alcohol ; see Fusel Oil. 
Am'ylenb (chemistry), I. 447. 
AmyVic alcohol : see Amyl. 
Amyloid tuhttanee, XIV. 81, 1 o. 
Amyn'tas, three Macedonian kings, I. 448. 
Amyot, Jacques [Sm-yo], author, I. 448. 
Amyot, missionary : see Amiot. 
Amyral'ditts, followers of John Cameron, III. 

655, 2 a. 
Amysatjt, Moise [fim-e-ro], theologian, 1. 448, 
Am'yrU (botany), II. 247, 1 a. 
As'a, prefis and sufEi, 1. 448. 
Anabap'tibts, 1. 448. Different classes of, 449, 

1 b; the fanatics and revolutionists, 2 b; 
the conscientious and law-abiding, 450, I b; 
persecution of the latter, their tenets and 
character, ifi. 

Ak'abas Soan'dbns (ichthyology), I. 460. 
Anab'abis, title of a book, I. 451. 
An'ableps (ichthyology), 1. 451 ; X. 556, 1 be. 
Anaeamp'sia aareitd'la, moth, XI. 870, 2 a. 
AnafUT'div/m oceidenta'le (botany), IV. 63, 2 o. 
Anaeharw [an-ak'-a-ris], (botany), referred to, 

I, 609, 2 be. A. alsinastrura, 2 c. 
Anachab'sis, Scythian philosopher, I, 451. 
Anachania Clootz: see Olootz, Jean Baptiste. 
ArtaehoTet [an-ak'-o-ret] ; see Akohoest. 
Ajtaole'tcb, saint and pope, 1. 451. Antipope, 

2 b; II. 578, 3 a, b, and c; IX. 287, 3 ab. 
Anaconda, I. 451 (ill.). See III. 225, 3 b. 
Anao'rboh, Greek poet, I. 452. 
AnaereimoftJie ffMiiioiine (Bar6re), II, 310, 1 a. 

Of Sweden (Bellman), II. 509, 2 c. Portu- 
guese, VIII. 100, 1 bo. Sicilian: see Meu. 

Anaeto'ria, a name of Miletus, SI. 536, 1 a. 

ATtadir: see Anadyr. 

Anado'li Huiiar', castle. III. 113, 1 b. 

AsADYOMBNE [au-B-di om'-e-nc], surname of a 
picture of Venus, I. 452. 

Anadyk [an-a-deer'], gulf, I. 453 ; river, 2 b. 

An^'mia: see Bbain, Diseases of the, and 
Chlobosib. Cerebral, HI. 197, 2 c. In chlo- 



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ANiEMIO 

rosis, IT. 504, 1 be. In otber conditions of 

the system, 2 o, 
Anmaiefemalea: see Goitrb, VIII. 71, 1 ab, 
Amsmic protruawn, of the eyeballs, VIII. S66, 

2 b. 
Anmthe'iia, ethereal, introduction of into den- 

tistrj and surgery, XI. 855, 2 b. 
AniBtthetia, had, X. 247, 2 b. 
Ah^sthet'ics, I. 452. Discovery of, 453, 2 

ab; IX. 495, lb. 
AnagaVlis aroe%'m (botany), XIII. 518, 2 a 

C,U.). 
Anaohi [a-na'-nye], town, I. 455. 
An'aoram, I. 455, Examples of, 1 b. 
An'ahid : see Anaitis, 
Anajtoao [i-uJl'-wafe], Mexican aboriginal 

name, I. 455. Anahuac-Ayotlan and Ana- 

huac-Xicalanco, 1 o, 
Anahualtecaa : see Anahoao. 
AnAiris [an-a-i'-tis], or Anahid, oriental god- 
dess, I. 455. 
An'akim, giant race, XV, 548, 3 ab. 
Analogue!, Geoffroy'a theory of, VII. 682, 1 b, 
Anal'ysU: see Philosophy, XIII. 430, 2 ab. 
Analytis hy diffusion: see Dialysis. 
AuALYT'ioiL Geom'etht, I, 455. 
An'alyner, in polarizing apparatus, X. 446, 2 c 
Aham', or Annam, I. 466 (map). 
AsAMBOE [an-am-boo'], seaport town, I. 457, 
AnameUelt, [au-ani'-e-lek], Babylonian deity, 

XII. 117, 1 c. 
Ajiamese race, I, 457, 1 ab ; IX. 253, 1 o, 
Anamir'ta: see Cocoulus. 
Ananas'sa sati'ea (botany), XIII. 527, 2 c. 
Anan. iea David, founder of tbe Karaite sect, 

IX. 767, 1 c; VIII, 595, 2 b. 
Ajtani'as, name of tbree persons, I, 457. 
^'■Anar'ekiad," the, poems, IX. 52, 1 b. 
Anarrhi'eaa ht'pns (Icbtbyology), XVI, 698, 

a a (ill.) ; IV. 110, 1 ab. 
A'niu (ornitliology), VI. 288, 2 ab. A. bosobaa, 

2 (ill.). A. acuta, anatomy of, V. 175, 2 a. 
Anae, river r see GuAJnAiji, 
Anaaar'ca, general dropsy, VI. 266, 1 ab; XII. 

582, 2 c. 
Anasta'sia, name of tbree saints, I. 457, 
AHASTABiira, name of fonr popes, I. 458. 
Anastasius, name of two emperors, I. 458. 
Anaitariut Grun, pseudonyme, II. 105, 2 o. 
Anastat'iea Aierochun'tina (botany), XIV. 440, 

1 c (ill.), 
AiTiSTOHo'sis (anatomy), I. 458. 
As' ATA : see ArrATnom, 
Anataae, mineral : see TrrAKirrM, XV. 770, 2 c. 



iCTCILLOIT 



31 



Anath'ema, in Greek classics and the Old and 
New Testaments, I, 458. Anutliema mara- 
natha: see XV. 272, 1 c. 

An'athoth, a town of Palestine, I. 459. 

Anafi/a: see BAitSiCLE, II. 319, 2 a. 

Anati'tue (ornithology), lU. 732, 2 c ; VI. 288, 
1 b. 

Anato'jja : see Asia Minor. 

Anatom'ioai. Phepabatiosb, 1. 450. Artificial 
imitations, 2 o, and 11. 167 (Atrzoux, T. L.)- 
Hyrtl's, IX. 139, 1 e. 

Anatomie clasti^ue [a-nS-to-me klSs-teek] : see 
Auzocrx, T. L, 

Anat'omy, I. 460. Hnman, first investigator 
of, Vm. 693, 1 b. Microscopic, 745, 2 b. 
Transcendental, XIII. 422, 2 b. 

Amatoms, Oomparjitn e see Compaeatite 
Anatomy. 

Anatomy act, XV !22 1 b 

Anaxag'oeas, Greek philus | her I. 433. His 
views of the origin uf plants and animals, 
VII. 10, 1 b. 

ATiaxagoTe'ia, festival I 463 2 ■) 

AuAXAE'cHira, Greek philosopber I. 463. 

Asaximas'dee, Greek philosopher, I, 463. 
Views attributed to bim of the rigin of ani- 
mals, and of man as he now esists, VII. 10, 
1 ab. 

AsAxiMENKB [an-as-im'-e-neez], Greek philoso- 
pher, 1. 463. Historian and rhetorician, 3 c. 

Ahoacii [an-k&teh'J, department of Peru, 1. 464. 

AscELor, Jacques Ars^ne Francois Polycarpe 
[ft°'-slo], dramatist, 1. 464. Marguerite Louise 
Virpnie Chardon, dramatist and novelist, 
1 b. 

ANCHiSEsfan-kl'-zeez], legendary Trojan prince, 
I. 464. 

An'ohob, for mooring a vessel, I. 464 (ills.). 

Anchor iudding, for propagating trees. III. 
404, 2 b. 

AtJonoEBT [Sng'-ko-ret], Anchorite, or Anaeho- 
ret, religious recluse, I. 467 ; XI, 728, 2 b. 

Anchoty [an-tcho'-ve], flsh, I. 467 fillO- -AJi- 
ohovy, so-called, XV. 57, 2 o. 

Anchu'ta tineto'ria, false alkanet, I. 323, 2 b, 

Anohusine [ang'-kn-zin], a dye, I. 322, 2 o. 

Anchylosis [ang-ko-lo'-sis], (pathology), 1. 467, 
Treatment, 468, 1 a. 

Ancibsbb Loebtte [a°'-3e-6n lo-rSt], viOage, 
I. 468. 

Anoillon, David [S°'-ce-lyO°'], clergyman, I. 
author, 1 c. Ludwig Fried- 
1. Johann Peter Fried- 
rich, statesman and historian, ib. 



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32 ANCKAESTEOEM 

AuoKiKSTBOEM, OF Aiiltaratrom, Johan Jakob 
[fin'-kar-strom], assassin, I. 468. 

Ab'ci.am : see Ahklam. 

Aaco'tji, proTince, I. 468. Capital city, 2 c. 
Aneona with the Arch of Trty'an (111.), 469. 

Aneona, Andrea dt (Lilio), I. 469, 2 a. 

Ahcee, Concino de' Oocotiii, marBhal and mar- 
quis d' [da-'-kr'], I. 469. 

An'ous Mae'cius, (onrtb king of Rome, 1. 4T0. 

Asoy'ba, ancient citj, I. 470. Monument of, 

1 bo; Xlir. 810, 2 b. 

Abbaot'sia, Bouthem division of Spain, I. 470. 

Oripn of the name, XVI. 25T, 1 a. 
AN'DASfiN Islands, in the bay of Bengal, I. 

470. 
Andec^faran: see Ahdovbk, England, 
Avdeca'iii, or Andegavi, ancient tribe of Ganl, 

I. i94, 2 a; 527,2 c. 
Andegavi : see Andecavi (Index). 
Andelot [a°«-dlo], treaty of, VIII. 247, 2 o. 
AmraxTs, Les [la z4°"-dle], town, L 471. 
Andbnub [a°'-d6n], town, I. 471. 
Abdkbieoht [^'-der-Iefct], town, I. 471. 
AuDEELo'm, Pietro, engraver, I. 471. Fansti- 

no, engraver, 1 b, 
Att'DBHSEtr, Hans Christian, Danish poet and 

novelist, I. 471. (Ked 1875.) 
Aj«'debson, five counties, I. 473. 
Ahdbeson, Alexander, first American wood 

engraver, I. 472. 
Akdbbson, Sir Edmund, judge, I. 472. 
Akdebsott, James, antiquary, I. 472. 
AtJDKBSON, James, writer on agriculture, &c., 

I. 472. 
Ahdeeson, John, Scottish edaoator, I. 47S. 
Ahdebson, Martin Brewer, LL. D., American 

educator, president of tie university of 

Eoch ester, I. 473. 
Andebson, Robert, general, I. 473. 
AndereoTi- Garrett, Dr. (Mrs. Elizabeth Gar- 
rett Anderson), VII. 637, 1 ob. 
Andenon school of natural history, VI. B37, 

2 be. piscontinued after 1874.) 
AiTDKESONViLLB, I. 473. Military prison, 2 be. 

Cemetery, 475, 1 b. 

An'dbbssek, Adolpb, chess player, I. 475. 

Ajj'nKESSOiJ, Carl Johan, traveller, I. 475. 

AsDEfissoN, Lars: see Abdeb^, Lanrentius. 

AuBKKSSON, Nils Johan, Swedish botanist, I. 
475. 

Andes [Sn'-deez], mountains, 1. 475. Different 
members of, 479, 1 a. General character o^ 
478, 1 ab. Geological structure and minerals, 
479, 1 c Derivation of the name, 480, 1 a. 



AITDEEW 

Andes jrass, XII. 563, 1 a. 

Andhra, a race of India, IX. 216, 1 c. 

Ahdlaw, Eranz Saver voa [Sud'-lftv], diploma- 
tist, I. 480. 

Andocides [an-dos'-e-deez], Athenian orator, 
I. 480. 

Akboe'ea, republic, I. 480. 

Ab'dovbb, town of England, I. 481. Origin 
of the name, 1 a. 

Asdovbe, town of Massachusetts, I. 481. The- 
ological seminary, 1 h. 

Anbeada, Antonio d' [d&°'-dra'-da], mission- 
ary, I. 481. 

Akdeada k Sylta, Bonifacio Jozfi d', states- 
man and naturalist, I. 481. 

Amibal, Gabriel [4°'-drai], physician, I. 482. 

Andraoi [fi,u'-drowce], (Abba Salama), bishop 
of Abyssinia, I. 48, 2 b. 

AnekIssy, Gyuta (Julius), count [on'-dra-she], 
statesman, I. 482. 

Andh^, Johann Anton [a°'-dra], composer, I. 
482. 

AsDBt, John, British officer, I. 482 ; 759, 2 c. 
Court for trial of, X. 87, 1 a; 329, 2 b. 

Andhea, Girolamo d' [dSn-dra'-a], cardinal, I. 
483. 

Andeea Pisano [3n-dra'-a pe-iS'-no], sculptor 
and architect, I. 483. 

AuDKBA DEL Sarto : See Sabto. 

Andrea di Aneona (Lilio), I. 4G9, 3 a. 

Andrejb, Jakob [£tn'-drfi-a], theologian, L 483. 
Johann Valentin, author, 2 c. 

AsDEE.E, Laurentius, or Lars Andersson, Swe- 
dish scholar, I. 484. His version of the New 
Testament, 1 b. 

Ahdbeani, Andrea [Sn-dra-S'-ne], (II Man- 
tuano), painter and engraver, I. 484. 

AsnEEASov IsLABDS [fin-dra-a-nov'] : see Aleu- 
TiAK Islands. 

Andreasierg [An'-dra4ss-bairg], city and mines 
of, VIII. 493, 2 a. 

Abdeee, Karl Tbeodor [in'-dra], geographer, 
1.484. 

AmiBBiai, Francesco [5n-drare'-ne], comedian, 
1. 484. Isabella, 3 a. Giovanni Battista, i&. 

Andren'idm, bees, II. 451, 1 a. 

AndreoU, Giorgio [fin-dra-o'-le] : see Pottbet 
akd PoECBtAiN, 5III. 781, 2 b. 

AsDEtossi, Antoine Francois, count d' [da"«- 
dra-us-se], I. 484. 

ANnjj£s, Juan [Sn-drace'], Spanish scholar, I. 
484. 

Andre'tium, Eoman castle of, IV. 692, 1 b. 

Andbbw, county, I, 484. 



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ANDREW 

Andbbw, name of three Hungarian kings, 1. 485. 
AuBBBW, Saint, I. 48S. St. Andrew's cross, 

1 o. Order of St. Andrew : aee Thistlb, 

Order of the. 
AUDBEW, James Osgood, D. D., Methodist 

bishop, I. 485. 
Andbbw, John Albion, governor of Massacliu- 

eetts, I. 485, 
Abdbbwb, James Pettit, historian, I. 486. 
ANDfisws, Lancelot, scholar and prelate, 1. 486. 
Andreieia loek, X. 568, 2 h (ills.). 
AsDEiA [Jln'-dre-a], town, I. 486. 
AsDRrBTTX, Francois Guillaume Jean Stanislaa 

[a^-dro-ydh], French anthor, I. 480. 
AsDRis'cus, or Pseudo Philip, I, 486. 
An'droolds, Roman slave, I. 486, Spared by 

a lion whose foot he had relieved of a thorn, 

iS. (Aulas Gellius, JVoct. Att., V. xiv.) 
Andsoi'dbs : see Automaton, and Jdoblee, 

IX. 708, 1 a. 
Asdeomaohb [an-5rom'-arke], wife of Hector, 

I. 48T. 
Andromackui, physician and tirst archiater, I. 

660, 1 b. See Mkdioine, XI. 34T, 2 a. 
ANDKOM'BDi, mythical princess, I. 48T. 
Andremeda arborea (botany), XV. S56, 1 be. 
Androhi'cus, name of four emperors of Con- 
stantinople, I. 48T. 
Andeosious, Livius, poet, I. 487. Andronicus 

of Rhodes, philosopher, 3 c. 
Andropo'gan (botany), X. 337, 1 be. A. schce- 

nanthus, be and c; XVI. 836, 8 c. A. 
us, ih. A. caiamus-aroraaticus, X. 



Ak'deos, island of Greece, I. 488. 

ANDE08, island of the Bahamas, I. 488. 

AiTDEOS, Sir Edmnnd, English colonial gover- 
nor, I. 488. 

AHDnosooft'oiN, county, I. 488. 

Akbkoscosoin, or Amerisco^n, river, I. 488. 

Ahdeyasa, Alexandre [^°'-dre-yB-na], rerolu- 
ttonist, I. 488. 

AwnnJAE, or Anduxar [an-doo'-'har], Spanish 
town, I. 488. 

AndtlxaT . 

Ahegaba 



ee Andttjak, 

i-e-ga'-da], island, I. 489. 
Aneiza : see Oheiza. 
Anel, Dominique [2-n51], surgeon, I, 489. 
Anbkom'eteb, for raeasuriog the force of the 

wind, I. 4S9 (ill., 490, 1 a); XII. 088, 2 o; 

XVI. 657, 1 0. 
Anemone [a-aem'-o-ne], genus of plants, I. 

490. A. hortensis, 2 b fill.). 
Anemone, eea, I. 74, 2 a (Aotinia). 



ANGLE 33 

Anbm'oscope, for showing the wind's direc- 
tion, I. 491. 

AneTteepk'alo^is fmtu», XI. 765, 1 ab. 

Anen'Ura: 8e6 Akimalodles, I. 615, 1 b. 

Anehio, Felice [a-na'-re-o], musician, I. 491. 
Giovanni Francesco, 1 b. 

An'eeoid ; see Baeometeh, II. 329, 2 a. Beck- 
er's improvement, 330, I ab. 

Ane'thum gram'otejia (botaaj), VI. 110, 1 a 
(ill.). 

Ajs'bukin, Welsh bard, I. 491. 

An'koeism, 1. 491. See Mott, Valentine, XII. 
5, 3 b. Miliary aneurism. III. 199, 2 ah. 

Aneuris'mal tumor, I. 491, 3 a ; III. 197, 1 b. 
Fatal result of mistaken diagnosis, I. 491, 3 c. 

Am^os'si, Paaquale, composer, I. 493, 

Ahoara [fin-ga'-ra], river of Siberia, I. 492. 

Angel [ain'-jelj, in Jewish and Christian litera- 
ture, I, 492. 

Angel, a coin, I. 493 (ill.). 

Angel Fish, I. 493 (ill,). 

Akgeli, Filippo [4n'-jn-le], painter, I. 493. 

Angel'ica tree. VIII. 080, 1 be. 

^ngelie Doctor : see Aquinas, Thomas, 

Ahobl'ioo, Fra, painter, I. 493. 

Anoeli'na, county, I. 493. 

Angbll, Joseph K., writer on law, I. 493. 

Anoeln [in'-gheln], or Anglen, Schleswig, I, 
494. The name Angles preserved in no 
other part of the continent, I'S. 

AsQELO, Michel [me'-kel ^n'-ja-lo]: see Buo- 



Angelo Maria: see Qcesisi, Girolaroo. 

An'gelua, Isaac, emperor, III. 616, 2 o. Re- 
ferred to, I. 293, 2 b. 

Angelas hell: see Ahobmts Domiki. 

Anoblus Domini, form of prayer, I. 494. 

Angelos Silbsics, philosopbiofll poet, I. 494. 

Angeeman (Swed. Angerman, Ong'-er-man), 
Angerman-aa, or Angerman-elf, river, I. 
494. 

AKGEBuflsDE [^ng'-er-mUu-dSh], town, I. 494, 

Akgees [a°'-zha], city, I. 494. 

ANoniEBA, Pietro Martire d' [dftn-ghe-a'-ra], 
historian, I.. 494, 

Anoilbert, Saint [a°»-zhil-b.1ir], statesman and 
poet, I. 494, 

Anoi'na Peo'toris, disease, I. 495. Sedative 
for, 447, 2 e. 

Angle (geometry), I. 496. Plane angles, 1 ab 
(ill.). Spherical angles, 1 o (ill.). Dihedral 
angles, ib. (ill.). Polyhedral angles, 2 ab 
(ills.). Angle of total reflection, 3 be (ill., 
497, 1 a) ; XI. 629, 1 ab. Angles of inci- 



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34 



ANGLER 



dence and reflection, X. 438, 2 a ; XII. 054, 
2 a. Angle oE aperture in lenses, XI. 513, 

2 be. Rigbt angle as a natural measure, 
XVI. 537, 2 b. 

ANaLBB Fish : see Goose Fish. 
Aboles [ang'-g'lz], or Angli, I. 49T. 
Anolkska, or Anglesey [ang'-g'l-se], island, I. 

49T. 
Anglesey : see Anglesba.. 
Aholbsby, Earl of : soe Asnsslei. 
Anolkset, Henrj William Paget, earl of, 1. 497. 
AngleHte [aug'-gle-site], sulphate of lead, X. 

S50, I a. 
Angli : see Angles. 
Anglia (England), I. 4S9, 1 o. 
Ahgung, I. 496. 
Anglo- Gatholie movement, ia the Anglican 

chnroh, XIV. 98, 1 o, 
Anglo-Saxon, modem (English), VII. 741, 1 a. 
AsGLO-SixoNs, I. 498. Anglo-Sason Church, 

500, 1 b. Aoglo-Saxoa Jurisprndenoe, 2 a. 
AnolO'S AXONS, I<)iDguage and Literature of 

the, I. 501. Literature, 504, 1 a. 
Ango, Jean : see Angot, 
Anoo'la, South African colony, I. 500. 
Anoo'ba, Turkish city, I. 506. Angora goat, 

3 c (ill., 50T, 1 a). 

Angora eat, IV. 92, 2 a. 

Anqor'ho, African town, I. 607. 

AN60STUBA [Sn-go-stoo'-ra], or Ciadad Boli- 
var, city, I. 507. 

Anqostcba Babk, I. 507. See XII. 646, 3 b. 
Anoot, or Ango, Jeaa [fl"'-go], merchant, I. 

607. His blockade of Lisbon, 3 a. 
AsGOUi.fiMB [fi"'-goo-laim], town I 507 
AiTGOixLiicE, Charles de Valois duke of, I 

607, 2 p. Louis Antoine de Bourbon duke 

of, 508, 1 a. Marie ThSr^se Ch<u-Iotte, dueh 

esB of, 1 b. 
AtTooTTMOis [d'^-goo-mwfi.], province, I. 508. 
AngonmoU grain moth, XVI. 589, 1 c, 2 b. 
An'gea, seaport town, I. 508. 
AnguilU (ichthyology), VI. 44S, 1 bo. A. 

vulgaris, 1 c (ill.). Other species, #. 
Anguil'lula aceti (entozoa), SVI. 838, 2 be. 

A. glutinis, ib. 
ANGmscioLA, Angussola, or Agnosoiola, Sofo- 

nisba [fin-gwe-sho'-la, fin-goos-so'-la, fl-nyo- 

sho'-!a], female painter, I. 508. 
Anguiafragilk: see Blihd worm. 
Angular advance (of the eccentric), XV. 847, 

2 a (Steam Eboike). 
Angm, ooastj : see Forpaeshiee. 
Angus, Earls of : aeeDoiroLiB. 



ANIMAL 

AngiiMola: see Amqdiboiola. 

Ahhalt [fin'-hAlt], duchy, I. 508. 

Anhydrides [an-hi'-dridz], I. 508. Anhydride 
distinguished from anhydrous, 509, 1 a. 

Anhy'drite, mineral, VIII. 359, 1 c ; XIV. 673, 
lb; XV. 453, 2 o. 

Anh-ydroua acetic acid, I. 61, 2 o. 

Ankydrom alkalim, I. 392, 1 b. 

AnhydrovK flMohydTic acid, VII. 291, 2 ab. 

Atihydriie, mouni&ai.: see HiMBTirs. 

Ani, or Anni [a'-ne], rained city, I. 509. 

Aniobt-Bourokois [5-ne-sa-boor-zhwS], dram- 
atist, I. 509. 

Aniob'tus, freedman of Nero, I. 509. 

Anibho, Tommaso : see Masaniello. 

Anh'io Acid, I. 509. 

Akilinb [an'-e-lin], I. 509. An artificial alka- 
loid, 322, 2 b. Its use in calico printing, 
III. 597, 2 be; in dydng silk, VI. 343, 1 a. 

Animal, I 509 Comparison between, animals 
and plants 2 bo Subdivisions of zoology, 
510, 2 c. Classification of animals, ib. ; chem- 
ical composition of, 511, 1 be ; fecundity 
of, 2 b ; correspondence between stractwe, 
habits, and functions, 2 c ; food, 512, 1 a ; 
strength ■ind endurance, 3 a ; fieetneas, 2 be ; 
intelligence, 513, 1 ab ; habits, 2 a. 

Animal anatomy, 1. 460, 1 b. 

Animal hlaeh (animal charcoal), obtained in 
ammonia works, I. 427, 2 c. Its use in re- 
fining sugar, XV. 447, 1 c ; as a mannre, Uf. 
63, 1 b. 

Animalcule cage, in microscopy, XI. 520, 2 c. 

Animalcules I 613. Infusoria, 514, 1 a; 
structure of, 1 b, obstacles to systematic 
classification of, 1 c Polygastric infusoria, 
515, I a Eotifera or wheel animalcules, 
517, 1 b Cihates, XV 284, 2 o. 

Animal Electricity, I 518. Production of 
dynamic electricity, 1 b; discoveries of Gal- 
vani and Volta, ii. ; production of galvanic 
currents established, 519, 1 a; diminution 
and reproduction of the muscular current 
after death, 2 a; antagonism of the longitu- 
dinal and transverse sections of a muscle, 2 
c; inducing and induced muscular contrac- 
tion, 520, 1 b ; influence of voluntary move- 
ment on the galvanic current, 2 c; galvanic 
currents in nerves, 521, 1 a; electro-motive 
power of nerves and muscles, I b. Produc- 
tion of static electricity in animals, 2 c. 

Animal fiowers, so cailed, IX. 602, 1 b. 

Animal Heat, I. 592. 

AsiMAL Maonbtism, Or Mesmerism, I. 634. 



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ANODYNE 



35 



Animal matter, constituents of, I. 193, 2 a. 

Animal photpltoreaceace, VIII. 40, 3 be; XIII. 
462, 1 a. 

Animalt (brute), age of, I. 182, 2 a, ff. 

Animdk, theories of their origin: see Aroke- 
LATia, I. 647, 1 ah; Darwin, Charles Robert; 
Evoldtion; Haeokbl, Ernst Heinrich ; Pro- 
toplasm; Wallaob, Alfred Bussel. 

ANiMfi [an'-e-ma], a resin, I. 527. 

AnimUmt theory of, XIII. 484, 1 o. 

An'ioM (chemistry), VII. 84, J e; 597, 2 ab. 

An'is: aeo Akohiteotorb, I. 656, 1 b. 

Ahibb Sbed [Ein'-is], I, 637 (ill.)- Anise-seed 
cordial, 2 he, 

AnUop'tfrix (zoBlogy) : see Oakkek Woem. 

Ahjott [&"'-zhoo], province, I. 527. 

Anjoit, Margaret of : see Maeoaekt. 

Ankantrdm : see Anokaestbobm. 

Ahkiam [fin'-kl^m], town, I. 538, 

Aakudirtoff, pretender to the Euasian crown, 
I. 293, 2 c. 

Abkwitz, Jfikolaj, eonnt [Snk'-vitz], Polish 
politieian, I. 528. 

Artlaf: see Aclaf. 

Anldndung [ftn'-len-doong] : see Allttvicm, I. 
339, 1 a. 

Anna and Dtdo, names nnder which Astarte 
was worshipped at Carthage, SII. 118, 1 h. 

AuNABKEQ [ftn'-na-bairg], town of Saxony, I. 

Ahka CABr.oTNA, grand dnehess of Rassia, I. 

638. See MtrNuioH, Burkhard Christoph, 
Ahua Comnkna, daughter of the emperor 

Alesis Comuenus, I. 63S. 
Anna Ivanoyna, empress of Russia, I. 528 ; 

StV. 655, I b. 
Annales [an-na'-leez], (fasti), VII. 93, 3 c. 
Anhals, chronological record of events, I. 520. 
AnnaU of Boyle (Irish annals). III, 173, 1 h. 
Annam: see An am. 
Annandale, lordn qf, III. 851, 2 ab, c. 
Annap'olis, city of Maryland, I. 629. IT. S. 

naval academy, 2 e (ill.). 
Annapolis, county of Nova Seotia, I, 530. 

Town, 3 b. 
Ann Ae'boe, city of Michigan, I. 580. 
Annatm: see Annats. 
Ab'natb, or Annates, in ecclesiastical law, I. 

581. Made perpetual. III. 66, 2 be. 
Annattot see Ankotto. 
AsNE, qaeen of Great Britdn and Ireland, I. 

531. 
Ansbaling, I. 531. See Glass, VIII. 15, 3 a, 

and Steel, SV. 364, 3 be. 



Anne Abun'dbl, county, I, 533. 

Anne of Austria, queen of Franco, I. 533; 

X. 173, 1 c, 
Anne Boleyn, Bullen, or Boulejne, queen 

[ann bool'-en], 1. 533 ; VIII. 650, 3 ab. 
Anne BouUyne : see Anne Boleyn. 
Anne of Beit'tamt, queen of France, I, 533. 
Anne Bullen: see Annb Boleyn. 
Anne of Clbves, fourth wife of Henry VIII., 

I. 533 ; VIII. 653, 1 a. Her birthplace, IV. 

677, 3 be. Brief description of her, V, 509, 

2 c. 
Annkoy [fin-so or 5n-nllh-&e], town, I. 533, 
Annel'iba, red-hlooded worms, I. 633. 
An'nelidi, eyes of, VII. 48, 3 a, 
Anne de Pimieleu, duchess d''£tampes; see 

EtAMPES, and CHATEArBEIANT, IV, 334, 1 c. 
Anne of Sa/noy, empress mother. III. 724, 

1 ah. 

Abkeblky, Arthur [anz'-le], earl of Anglesey, 
I. 583. James, Lord Altham, 634, 1 a. 

Anni: see Ani. 

Anniial: see Hannibal. 

Asunrs of Viterbo, Italian Dominican, I. 534. 

Anko, or Hanno, Saint, archbishop of Cologne, 
I. 534. Hymn of St. Anno, 1 h. 

Anno Domini, introduction of it as an era in 
chronology, IV. 558, 1 c. 

Annona'ria eommo'da, stipends of the archiatri, 
I. 650, 1 c. 

Ann OS AY, town, I. 584. 

Annot'to, Annatto, or Arnatto, coloring mat- 
ter, 1.534; XIII. 339, 1 h. 

Anko'ity, I. 534. Present valne, 2 be; rever- 
sionary value, 535, 1 a ; mathematical solu- 
tion, 1 ab ; medical solution, 1 c. 

Annular furnace, for baking bricks, III. 367, 

2 a (ill.). 

An'nuht, in Iieraldry, VIIT, 673, 3 be. See 

plate (after p. 670), on the left. 
Annvlvs, seal, XIV. 785, 1 a. 
Annuku paitora'lis, bishop's finger ring, II, 

663, 3 c. 
AnnMliii pTorfa'htg, betrothment ring, II. 697, 

3h. 
Anndncia'tion, to the Virgin Mary, I. 535, 

Feast of, 2 ah. 
Ano'hiwm, insect: see Death Watch. A. 

hihliothecarinm, V. 546, 1 o. 
An'ode, in galvanism, VII. 84, 1 c; 597, 3 ab. 
Anodon, mnssel, XII. 104, 1 ab. A. anatinus 

(il!.), V. 199, 1 b. 
An'odyse, I. 535. 
Anodyne necklace, I. 445, S a. 



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36 



ANOINTING 



Anoint'iho, token of honor, and of 

tion to an office or a sacred uae, I. 535. 
Ano'ka, county, I. 586. 
Ano'lis, reptile, 1. 536. Species of, 2 a (ill.). 
AmUim (zoology), I. 586, 1 ab. 
Anomia, mollusk, XII. 773, 1 c. 
Anoma'an doctrines, 1. 155, 1 a. 
ArMmaam, sect, I. 700, 3 a. See EdNOMitrs. 
Am'Tia. (botany), V. 592, 2 a. A. reticulata, 

■tS. (iU.). A. cherimolia, 2 o. A. marieata, ib. 

A. squamosa, ib. A. palustrie, ib., and XVI. 

704, 1 c. 
A Tum causa, pro cauaa, in logic, S. 680, 1 a. 
Anonymous club, XV. 377, 2 c. 
Anoplothe'rwm, fossil animal, footprints of, 

Vn. 341, 1 c. 
Anorex'ia, XII. 569, 3 ab (Obstetrics). 
Ano'toff, General, on the manufaotare of steel ; 

see Damascus Blades. 
Anou'ra, an order of amphibia, I. 435, 2 o. 
Am'Hs stoVidm (ornithology), XII. 473, 3 b 

(ill.). 
" An mer," in the game of cricket, V. 482, 2 b. 
Anquetil, Louis Pierre [^""k-teel], historian, I, 

536. 
ANtiuEriL-DaPEEEOs, Abraham Hyacinthe 

[-dQ.-p5ir-rfi°'], orientalist, I. 536. 
Ansalo'ni, Giordano, Dominican missionary, 

I. 587. 
Aiaa'rians : see Ansaribs. 
An'sarieb, or Ansarians, Arab tribe or sect, 

I. 537. 
AuscA'srcs, or Ansgar (Fr. Anschaire), Saint, 

" apostle of the north," I. 687. 
Anb'dbu., Richard, painter, I. 537. 
As'helm, Saint, a doctor of the Latin church, 

L 538 ; XIII. 483, 1 c, 439, 2 b. 
Anser (ornithology), species of, VIII. 105. A. 

Gambelii (ill.), 2 c. 
Amera'nas (ornithology), VIII. 104, 3 c. 
AMeHfera (zoology), IF. 810, 2 a. 
Ans'gar: see Ansoarius. 
Aa'soN, connty, I. 538. 
Anson, George, lord, admiral and navigator, 

L 638. 
Akbos, George, general, I. 588. 
Anso'nia, village, I. 538. 
AuBPAOH [flna'-p&'h], town of Bavaria, I. 538. 
Abbpaoh, Elizabeth, margravine of, I. 539, 
An^iach-Bairevth [-bi'-roit], principality of, 
L 639, 1 a. Last margrave of, ib. Its ces- 
sion to Prussia, ib., and VIIL 453, 1 c. 
Ah'btbd, David Thomas, physicist, I. 539. 
AH'eT{:H, John, poet, I. 539. 



ANTHESTERIA 

Anstey, Christopher [an'-ste], poet, I. 539. 

Anstet, Thomas Chisholm, author, I. 539. 

Aht, I. 640 (ill.). Three classes in commnni- 
ties, 1 ab. Mining ants, 64!, 1 ab. Masons, 
1 b. Carpentering ants, ib. Food of ants, 
1 c. Agricultural ant, 2 a. Fire ants, 3 b. 
Slaveholding ants, H. Migrations, 2 ho. 
Muscular activity, IX. 313, 3 a. Driver ants, 
X. 398, 1 ab. Foraging ants, XII. 423, 2 c. 

Ant, lehite, XII. 358, 2 b. See Termites. 

Antacids (chemistry), I. 643. 

An't.s, ancient people, I. 542. 

Anttg, or pilasters, in the Doric order of archi- 
tecture, I. 657, 1 b. 

AuT^s'tTB, mythical, I. 543. 

Antakieh [an-ta-ke'-6h], city, I. 567, 3 a. 

Antal'cidas, a Spartan, I. 542. Peace of, 1 c ; 
VIII. 196, 1 ; XV. 333, 3 b. 

AntanajMrivo : see Tanakarivo. 

An'tae, or An'tarah, Arabian prince and poet, 
I. 542. 

Antar'adiis : see Akadus. 

An'tarah : see Antae. 

Antare'tic current (ocean), II. 78, 1 b. 

Aktahotio DiBcovBET, I. 543. Map of, 643. 

Antarctio Ocean, and Antarctic Circle : see 
Polar Sbab, and Folab Cibcleb. 

Ant bear : see Ant-eater. 

Ast-batbb, L 643 (ill.). Two-toed ant-eater, 
544, 3 a. Scaly; eee Pangolin. 

AntefixcB, in the Doric order of architecture, 
I. 657, 1 b. 

An'tblope, I. 544. Structure of, 2 b. Vari- 
eties of (ills.), 545-'6. Alpine or mountain 
antelope, IV. 344, 1 c (ill). 

Antkn'n^ (of insects and omstacea), I. 646. 

Antennal language (of insects), I. 546, 3 c. 

Ante'nor, Trojan prince, I. 546. 

Anteqdeea [an-tH-ka'-ra], Spanish city, I. 647. 

Antero-posterior JUsure (of the liver), X. 536, 
2e. 

Anthe'a ee'reus (zoology), I. 75, 3 ab. 

Anthe'lia, VIII. 405, 3 o (Halo). 

AsTHELMiN'rics : see Estozoa, VI. 670, 3 b. 

An'themis nbb'ilia (botany), IV. 346, 1 a. A. 
cotula, 1 b, and XI. 305, 1 c. 

AirrnE'MiDa, emperor, I. 547. Architect, 1 b. 

An'ther (of flowers), I. 547. See Plant, XIII. 






i, 3 c. 



Antherid'ium (botany), L 300, 1 ah; VIL 151, 
1 ab; X. 543, 1 ho; XI. 864, 1 e (ill.). 

An'tkerozoids (botany), I. 300, 1 b ; VU. 151, 
1 ab; X. 542, 1 c; XL 864, 2 a (ill.). 

AntheUe'ria, festival, 11. 193, 3 a. 



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ANTINOMIANS 



37 



An'thia» (iohthyologj), XIII. 284, 1 ab. 

Ant hill, I. 541, 1 b (ill., 540). 

AntAodea [an-tho'-deez], foasU fish, YII, 615, 

1 c 

AnfhoVogy clui, allnded to, III. 889, 3 c. 
Anthomy'ia (entomology), VI. 130, I be. A. 

ceparura, VII. 295, 2 o (ill,); SII. 631, 1 c. 

A. brassioas, VII, 295, 2 c. A. laetiicarum, 

ib. A. scalaris, 296, la; VI. 697, 3 a. A. 

canicnlaria, VIL 296, 1 a. A. raphani, il. ; 

SIV. 165, 1 b. 
An'thon, Obaries, LL. D., classical scholar, I. 

547, His testimony respecting tbe " Book 

of Mormon," SI. 833, 2 c. 
AH'iHoirr, Heary B., journalist and aenator, 

1.648. 
Anthont, Saint, ascetic, 1, 548. Catacombs of, 

IX. 830, 1 b. St. Anthony's fire, 1. 548, 1 b : 

see ERYsiPBLis. — Anthony of Padua, 1 b. 
Anthoht, Susan Brownell, reformer, I. 548. 
Anthony'a Noee, on the Hudson riyer, IX. 30, 

la. 
Anthoph'ila, bees, II. 461, 1 a. 
Anthophyl'lite, mineral, I. 803, 1 b. 
Anthoxan'thum odora'tum (botany), VIII. 167, 

2 a (ills., 16S, 2 b, 167, 1 a). 
Anthosa'a ; see ZoSphttes. 
Ab'theaobhb (chemistry), I. 548. 
Ah'thbaoitb, I. 548. (Map of the anthracite 

repon of Pennsylvania, and ita oonnectiona 
■with the principal markets.) Analyses of 
anthracite (table), 649. Anthracite coal 
measures (ill.), 560, 1. Group of Pennsyl- 
vania anthracite basins (ill.), 551, 1. Penn- 
sylvania anthracite fields (table), 2 c. Dis- 
covery and development of, 2 c, ff. Table 
of production, 554. Virginia anthracite 
field, 556, 3 c. Anthracite fields of France, 
556, 2 b. Origin of anthracite coal, 557, 
1 a; of faults and irregularities, 2 a. Use 
of it as fuel, 558, 1 a. See Ooai.. 

Anthrax, malignant, cattle peat, XII. 57, 1 
be; 60, Ibc. 

Antkre'mi* (entomology), II. 476, 2 c ; VI. 32, 
1 c (iUs.) and 3 a (A. musasonim). 

An'thropoid apea, I. 168, 1 c. 

Antheopol'oo-y : see AsiTOMT, AHCmKOLOOY, 
CoMPABATivi: Anatomy, Ethholoot, Moral 
Philosophy, Philosophy, and Fhysioioqy. 

Anthropomor'pkiam, one tendency of mona- 
ohisni, XI. 729, 1 c. 

ANTHEOrOMOBPHiTKS, sect, I, 659. 

Anthui (ornithology), XV. 773, 2 c. A. Ludo- 
ricianus, 774, 1 ah (ill.). 



An'tiar : see Upas Teee. 

Antia'ria loxica'ria (botany), XVI. 216, 3 c 
(ill., 217), A. saccidora, 217, 2 a, 

Antibes [&°'-teeb], seaport town, I, 559. 

Antica'riti : see Antequkka. 

AnticAitd di Ereolano [Sn-te-ke-ta' de air-ko- 
la'-no], I. 50, 3 b. 

An'tiohlob (chemistry), I. 659; IX. 137, 3 b; 
XIII. 46, 2 c ; XV. 152, 1 ab, and 455, 2 b. 

Antiohbist, 1. 569. In the Bible, 1 o ; in the- 
ology, 2 a ; in rabbinical writings and Mo- 
hammedan traditions, 3 c. 

Anticli'Ttal axis, XII, 9, 2 a (Mountain). 

AnUeoTistitu'lionalists, IX. 628, 1 b (Jabsenil's). 

Anticos'ti, island, 1. 659. 

Anticrepns'ealar curve, XVI. 86, 2o (Twilight). 

Antioyba [an-tis'-e-ra], city of Theasaly, I. 560, 
City of Phoois, 1 a. 

Antid^ycaa eucho'Te (zoology), XV. 288, 1 ab 
(ill). 

As'tidotes, I. 660. See Poison, XIII. 640, 1 a. 

Antietam, Battle of [an-te'-tam], 1. 660. Issue 
of the president's proclamation conditionally 
abolishing slavery, 663, 2 a. 

Antigone [an-tig'-o-nej, in Greek legend, I. 
563. See (Enipus, 

Antigone'a, a name of Mantinea, XI. 128, 2 a. 

Antig'onhs, Macedonian general, and king of 
Asia, I. 662. Antigonus Gonatas, king of 
Macedonia, 563, 1 b. Antigonus Doson, 
king of Macedonia, 1 c. 

Ahtioita [an-te'-gwa], island, I. 663. 

Anti-Lehwitan : see Anti-Libanuh. 

Antilegom'ena, in tbe Boman Catholic canon of 
the Old Testament, I, 586, 3 a. 

Akti-Lib'anhs, or Anti-Lebanon, mountain 
ridge, I. 663. 

Antil'les [Fr. fi""-teey'], islands, I, 564. 

Antilope [an-til'-o-pe], (zoology) : see Ante- 
lope, A. rnpioapra, IV. 344, I c (ill.). 

Anti-ma'sonbt, a political movement, I. 564. 

Antimisaion Baptittn, n. 293, 2 a. 

Antimonial powder {pulti» antitaonialis), 1. 
566, 1 a; IX. 520, 2 a. 

Antimo'niufn femini'num, an old name of bis- 
muth, II. 666, 2 c. 

An'timony, a metal, I. 664. Crude, 565, 1 be. 
Alloys of, 2 a. Tartar emetic, 3 b ; as a 
medicine, 3 c. 

Anti-Nieene cowwil, I. 700, 1 b (Ariasibm). 

Antinoe [an-tin'-o-e], ancient city, I. 666, 2 b. 

Antinomianiim : see Antinomians. 

AktinoViass, I. 566. In the apostolic church, 
1 a. In the reformed cLarchea, 1 b. In Eng- 



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38 ANTINOMISTIC 

land, I 0. In America, 2 a. See Hutohin- 

AntinomMic eontroverhy, S. 788, 1 b. 
Antinoopolii [an-tin-o-op'-o-lis], ancient city, 



IE 



i, 2 b. 



Ahtinotjs [an-tin'-o-na], faYOrite of the emperor 
Hadrian, I. 566. Temple of, XIIl. 708, 2 be. 

Abtioch [an'-te-ok], citj of Syria, I. 566 (ill.). 

Ajitioch, agiieduet of, I. 613, 3 c; ruins of, 
613, 1 a (ill.). 

Amtioch College, I. 5G7. 

Antiochi'a,ia. Syria; see Abtioch. In Meso- 
potamia: see Edesba. 

AKTiocnrs [an-U'-o-kua], name of Syrian kings. 
Antiocbus I., Soter, I. 568. Antioohns III., 
the Great, 1 c. Antiocbus IV., Epiplianes, 
669,1a: see Hebkbws, VIII. 591,3 c. An- 
tiocbus v., V. 791, 3 a. 

Antioquia [fin-te-o-ke'-a], state, I. 569. 

Antip'aeos, island, I. 569. Grotto of, 1 a. 

Ab'tip AS, Herod: seeHEHOu. 

Ahtip'ateh, general, I. 669. 

Antip^iod'ica (medioino), VII. 165, 1 h. 

Ak'tipho}!, Greek orator, I, 570. 

Antiph'onal tinging, I. 570, 1 b. 

Antiphonary, m the cbnrcb service, XI. 685, 2 c. 

Abtiphobt, in chanting, I. 570. See Cnior, 



IV.! 



;, 1 a 



Antip'olia: see Astibes, 

Antipyret'ics (medicine), VH. 164, 1 b, 

Antiqua'ria: eee AiTTKguEEA. 

Antiquitiet, American: see Amekioab Anti- 
quities (Indes), 

Antiquities of the old world. See Aghiqes- 
TFM ,■ AuiAMBRi ; Amphitheatee ; Appian 
Wat; Aqitbduct; Aeohitectwek, I. 654, 1 
a, and 660, 3 c ; Arckdel ; Assteia, II. 36, 
1 c; Athens, II. 59-64; Atebubt; Asitm; 
Baalbek; Babtiob; Baim; Balaklata, 
II. 231, 2 c; Bamian; Eareow (mound); 
Bashab ; Bath, H. 883, 1 o, ff. ; Bath, Eng- 
land; Behisttjb; Bejapoor; Bebeveicto; 
Bethel, Palestine ; Bethlehem, Palestine ; 
Bolsena; Bhambabab; Bubastis; Bubial; 
Bozeah; Caeeleob; Oahoes; Caieo; Ca- 
PDA ; Caenao ; Oarthaoe, IV. 37, 2 a (aque- 
duct of, I. 611, 3 b) ; Casiiel ; Catacombs ; 
CE8AK.aA ; Cesbola ; Ohestbb, England ; 
China (wall of), IV. 457, 3 b (ill., 458) ; Clo- 
ACS ; Colosseum ; Cromlech ; Cubeifoem 
Ibsoeiptions ; Ctbebk ; DaNDEEAn; Edbs- 
sa ; Edfoo ; Elephabta ; Elepha«tin6; 
Eli^ea ; Ephesus ; Esbb ; Ethiopia, VI. 
760, 3 a ; Etbubia ; FRgjus ; Gerasa ; Glass, 



ANTOMMAECHI 

Vni. 7, 8; Halioaebasscs ; Hamah; He- 
LiopoLia; Heboulabecm (see Pompeii) ; Him- 
taeites, VHI, T35, 2 a; Inkbkman; Ioka; 
Ikelabd, IX. 355, I a; Java, IX. 676, 1 a; 
Jebusalem; Kabkak (see Thebes); Eash- 
OAE ; Lambbssa ; Lillebonke ; Luxok (see 
Thebes) ; Ltcia, X. 743, 2 a ; MBMrars, XI. 
S81, 1 c ; Mentz ; Meeida; Mebob, XL 411, 
3 a; Moab; Myceb^; RtMES; Pantheon; 

FOT.I.AMABRUA ; pALMTEA ; PeKSEPOUS ; 

Philadelphia, Ljdia and Palestine; Pom- 
peii; Pyramid; Eomb, XIV. 413, 413; Ro- 
setta Stobe (Index); Sagubtum; Salomi- 
ca; Selinus; Serapis; Sidob (see Saida); 
Stobehengb ; SYEACtrsB, XV. 541, 2 c; 
Thebes ; Teeves ; Tbipoli, XVI. 872, 1 c, 
and 8T3, 2 be ; Teoy, 2¥I. 10, 2 be ; Tybb; 
Veroba, XVI. 338, 1 ab; Viesbb (France) ; 
"Weokktee. 

Anti-Remonstrants, Calvinist party in tbe 
church of Holland ; see Ketheelakds, Xtl. 
348, 1 b. 

Anti-Eebt'ism, resistance to the collection of 
manorial rents, I. 570. 

Abtisaba [&n-te-3^'-na], volcanic mountain, I. 
571. 

Anti-Scoebu'tios : see Scuett. 

Antisep'tios, for preventing or correcting pn- 
trefaction, I. 571. 

Abti-Slaveby : see Slaveey. Anti-slavery 
society, New England the first in America, 
VII. 639, 3 b. Amencan anti slavery so- 
ciety (Philadelphia) >rt,anized, 2 o ; agita- 
tion intensified, iS 

AnTisrASMOu'ica (medicme) I 571 

Aktisthbkes [an-tis the neez] philosopher, 1. 
573. 

Antiatrophe [an-tis'-tro-fe], part of the Greek 
chorus, IV. 518, 1 c. 

Antitau'eus; see Tattrits. 

Anti-trades: see Wibd, XVI. 658, 1 c, 

Antitransportation league, II. 134, 1 b (Aus- 

Abtithibita'biabs : see Unitabiabism. 
ABTruH [an'-sbe-um], ancient city, I, 572, 
Antlers of the deer, I. 183, 1 c; 

Of tbe stag, I. 183, 3 a; XV. 301, 2 c. 
Ant Liob, or Lion Ant, I. 578 (ill.). Muscnlar 

activity of, IX. 313, 2 a. 
Abtoibe db Boubbok [&°'-twSn dtlh boor-bo"'], 

duke of Vend6me and king of Navarre, I. 

573. 



756, 3 b. 



r, Carlo Francesco ffin-tom-n 
ke], physician to Napoleon, I, 573. 



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ANTONELLI 

Antonel'u, Giacomo, cardinal and statesman, 

I. 5T4. (Died 1876.) 
Antosbllo da MBSstNi, painter, I. 574, 
Antomnia'na, an ancient name of Bejrout, 11. 

602, 2 0. 
ANTOHi'tTDS, Marcua Aureiins, Koman emperor, 

I. 574. Name assumed bj Elagabalus, VI. 

485, la. 
AntoTiinm, itinerary of, referred to, VI. 209, 

3 a. 
Ahtonincs Pros, Titns Aurelius Fulvius, Ro- 
man emperor, I. 575, 
Akto'mio, Nioolaa, Spanish bibliographer, I. 

675. 
Antonio de Siha, pseudonyme of Geronimo 

Bermudez, It. 569, 1 c. 
Antonius, (?., consul with Cicero, IV, 120, 2 b; 

131, 1 b. 
Abtonius, Marcus, Roman orator, I. 575. 
ANTONY, Mark, Koman triumyir, I. 576. His 

relations with Cleopatra, IV. 668, 1 c ; with 

the triumTirate, X. 360, 2 c. 
Anto'MJie (chemistry), VII. 392, 1 c; SII. 

777, 1 a. 
Anto'xanite, mineral, VII. 392, 1 c. 
AHTBAiauKS, Emmanuel Louis Henri de Lau- 

nay, count d' [d^^'-traig], French adventurer, 

I. 576. 

Antrain [a^-tra"*], battle of, X. 175, 1 ab. 
An'teim, county, Ireland, I. 577. Town, 1 b. 
Aktbim, county, Michigan, I. 577. 
Antro»'to7n/us Garolinen'tii (ornithology), VIII, 

68, 1 (ill.). A. Tociferua, XVI. 596, 2 b. 

A. Ifiittalli, ih. (ill.). 
Antrum mghmorianum (anatomy), VIII. 733, 

lab. 
Antueo [Sn-too'-fco], volcano, I. 479, 1 b, 
An'twbbp, province, I. 577. Capita! city, 2 a. 

Cathedral, 2 o (ill., 578). History, 578, 1 c 

Bomhardraont of, II. 491, 2 h ; siege of, 492, 

Ic. 
Antwerp polyglot, XIII. 687, 2 b (Polyqlot); 

II. 611, 1 a (Bible). 

Ann [il-noo'], Egyptian god, XH. 117, 1 c. 

Asn'Bis, Egyptian deity, 1. 578 (ill.) ; V. 613, 1 a. 

Anuh-amanU (Hindoo literature), IX. 223, 1 a. 

Anveri[&/''-\S.ir]: see Astwbep, 

An'til, smith's,. I. 579. 

Antillb, Jean Baptiate Bourgnignon d' [dk"'- 

veel], geographer, T. 679. 
Anx'a, an ancient name of Oallipoli in Italy, 

VII. 581, 1 b. 
Anx'uT, an ancient name of Terraoina, XV, 



APHRODITE 39 

Ansooan [fin-zoo-Sn'] : see Johastja Island. 

A'odon (zoSlogy), XVI. 581, 2 c. 

A'onyx (zoology), XII. 736, 2 a. A. inunguis, 
ii. 

Aoe'ta, artery, I. 579 ; VIII. 657, 1 c. 

Aortic valves, VIII. 658, 2 a. Aortic lesions, 
564, 1 c. 

AosTA [owa'-ta], town, I. 679. 

Aoita, duke of: see Amadehs I. of Spain. 

Aoteg [a-o'-teez], (zoology), XI. 751, 2 ab. 

Aoudod [ow-dW], (zoology), XIV. 837, 1 ab. 

Ap, Welsh adjunct, meaning of, XII. 128, 1 a. 

Apach'ks, Indian tribes, I. 579 ; 709, 2 b ; 
710, 1 c. Apaches de Navajoa [da n4-Ta- 
'hii'-a], Xn. 178, 1 a (Nayajos). 

ApaVela, moths, XI. 869, 2 c. 

Ap'atite : see Ibon Ohes, IX. 406, 1 c. Crys- 
tallized apatite, X. 479, I a. 

Apatu'ra (entomology). III. 499, 2 c. A. iris, 
500, 1 a. 

Apb, I. 530. Points of structural dissimilarity 
from man, 2 h; points of resemblance in 
their habits, 581, 1 b. 

Apbldoobn [i'-pel-doarn], town, I. 581. 

Apel'les, painter, I. 581. Brilliant coloring 
of, how obtained, XII. 795, 1 h. 

Apelt, Ernst Friedrich [ft'-pelt], metaphysi- 
cian, I. 581. 

Ap'bbnibis, I. 581. Ligarian, 2 c ; Tuscan, 
583, I b; Koman, or Central, 1 c; Neapoli- 
tan, 2 a ; Oalabrian, 3 ah. Sub -Apennines, 2 
b ; Tuscan, 3 c ; Koman, ib. ; Neapolitan, ib. 

APEifBADE [fi'-pen-ri-dCIi], seaport town, I. 
583. 

Ape's UU : seo Gibbaltab, VII. 800, 3 c. 

A'pex, Roman priest's hat, VII, 266, 1 b ; 
VIII. 609, 3 be 

Aphanap'teryx imperia'lU (ornithology), XI. 
292, 1 b. 

Apha'sia, loss of speech, III. 203, 3 b ; am- 
nesic and atasic, 2 c; distinguished from 
aphonia, 2 be, and XVI. 399, 1 a, 

A'pflis (entomology), I. 683. 

Aphoivs, guardian of Demosthenes, II. 797, 
2 a. 






i of V 



, XVI- 399, 1 i 



III. 



Aphri'za virga'ta (ornithology) : see 

AphrodU'ia, festivals, XVI. 30S, 1 a. 
Aphrodi'ta (zoology), XII. 229, 2 c. A, 

leata, 2 c (ill.). 
Apheodi'te : see Venub, XVI. 302, 2 b. 

ship of, whence derived, XIII. 453, 1 c 



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40 



APHRODITE 



Aphrodite, a throw of dice, VI. 86, 2 b. 

Aph'ihiE, on the mucous membrane, VI. 688, 1 b. 

ApAtAaloae : see Potassium, SIII. 761, 1 o. 

ApAt&oua fever, 511. 67, 1 be; 58, 1 c. 

Apia'rim, bees, II. 451, 1 a. 

Apician arid anti-Apician, factions in cook- 
ery, I. 584, 1 b. 

Apicjcs [a-pisi'-us], name of three noted Ro- 
man epinures, I. 584. 

A'pis, bull worshipped by the Egyptians, I. 
584. See XII. 116, 2 o; 730, 1 a." 

Apia (entomology) ; see Bee. 

A'piitm gra/oe'oleng (botany), IV. 109, 2 c (ill., 
170). 

Aplanat'io Lens, I. 584, 

Aplo'centt monta'tma (zoology), VIII. 57, 3 b 
(ilL). 

Aplodon'tia lepori'na (zoology), XIV. 794, 3 
b (ill.). 

Aplyi'ia, mollusk, XI. 723, 1 a. Nervone sys- 
tem of, XIL 334, 1 bo. 

Apneug'ta : see Mollttsoa, XI. 722, 3 c. 

Apnce'a: see Spinai, Diseases, XV. 269, 1 b. 

Apoo'altpsb, or Revelation of St. John, 1. 584. 

Apocrisia'riiis : see Vioiliitb. 

Apoo'bypha, I. 585. Controversy respecting 
the circulation of it by the Bible societies, 
II. 617, 3 a. 

Ap'oda, an order of amphibia, I. 486, 1 a. 

Apodyte'rium, in ancient baths, II. 383, 2 b ; 
383, 1 a (il).). 

ApotDA [a-pole'-da], town, I. 586. 

AponnjA'RiANa, sect, I. 686. 

ApoUina'ris, bishop of Laodicea: see Apolli- 
MAGiAirs. His father's versification of the 
Pentateuch and of the history of Israel, and 
his own pai'aphrase of the Gospels in the 
manner of Plato's dialogues, XI. 626, 1 b. 

Apolliniyp'olia Magna: see Edfoo. 

ApoL'to, Grecian god, I. 686. Sacred fish, 
favorite of Apollo: see Dolphis, VI. 191, 
2 c, and Delphi, V. 784, 1 c. 

Apollo Belvbdekb [bel-vfi-dil'-ra], statue, I. 
586. Discovery of, 573, 1 h. 

Apollo club, London, IX. 682, 1 ab. 

Apolh Del^Mniui, V. 784, 2 a. 

Apollodo'hds or Ohabts'tus, comic poet, I. 
586. 

Apollo'nia, ancient city, I, 586. 

Apollon'icon: see Obqan, XII. 691, 1 b. 

Apollonius, general of Antioohus Epiphanes, 
Vin. 592, 1 a. 

Apollo'nius PEitG.«'ca, ancient 



APOTHECIA 

Apollonius Rhodics, poet, author of the Ar- 
gon antics, I. 587. 

Apollokids Ttan^'us, philosopher, I. 587. 

Apollo PatTo'us, temple of (site), II. 69, 2 o. 

Apol'los, converted Jew, I. 587. 

Apoll'yon, I. 687. In the Apocalypse, 2 c. 
In Bunyan's "Pilgrim's Progress," 688, 1 a. 

Apologia Confessionii (Helanchthon's), II. 108, 
1 c,3o. 

Apelogisla, early writers in defence of Chris- 
tianity against its pagan adversaries; see 
Chkistianity, IV. 537, 1 be ; AinBNAeoEAa, 
II, 54, 1 he; Atjoustihe, II. US, 1 ab; Jus- 
tin Mahtye, IX. 728, 2 ab, ff. ; OniGEif, XII. 
693, 2 a, 693, 1 a; Tatiait, XV. 683, 1 a; 
Tertullian, XV. 663, 2 a. See also Wat- 
sotf, Richard, XVI. 513, 1 a. 

Apomorpkia : see Emetics. 

Aponeuro'scs : see Musclb, XII. 67, 1 b. 

Ap'opMs (snake ^ant), in the Egyptian religion, 
V. 794, 1 b. 

Apophyge [a-pof -e-je] : see Aechitectuhe, I, 
657, 1 c. 

Apoph'ylite : see Lime, X. 479, 2 a. 

Apoph'ysea, in bone, HI. 60, 1 c. 

Ap'oplbxt: see Beain, Diseases of the. III, 
196, 2 c, Apoplesyfrom btemorrhagc, 199, 
Ihe; treatment of, 2 b; fallacious premoni- 
tory symptoms of, 2 be. Heat apoplexy : 
see SuNSTEOKE. Splenic (of horse and ox), 
XII. 60, 2 c. 

Apo'so (zoology), X. 641, 2 b (Loei). 

Apostle of the English, II. Ill, 2 b; of the 
Jrisians, XVI. 620, 1 h ; of Germany, HI. 
66, 2 c ; of Greenland, VI. 449, 2 b ; of the 
Indians, VT. 527, 3 h; of the Indies, XVI. 
754, 2c; of the north, 1. 537, 2 b ; of Swits- 
erland, VII. 569, 2 e. 

Apostles, of Jesus Christ, 1. 688. 

Apostles' Ceekd, I. 688. 

Apoetles of the SlaDS, V. 619, 2 c. 

Apostol'ieal Canons, HI. 717, 2 b; Constitn- 

Apoatolieal junta: see Spain, XV. 214, 1 c. 

ApoitoUeal succession, in the church of Eng- 
land, VI, 628, 2 be; in the Protestant Epis- 
copal church, 691, 2 b ; in the Lutheran 
church, X. 734, 1 e. 

Apostolieara, papal bull, referred to, IV. 663, 
2 b. 



Apostol'ici, 
Apothecaries 
Apoth'koart, I. 689. 
Apofhe'cia (botany), X. 409, 



of three sects, I. 588. 
it, L 589, lb; XVI. 544, 2 



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APOTHEME 

Ap'otheme of aloes, I. 347, 1 a. 

Apoxyom'enos^ ancient statue, X. 763, 3 b. 

Appalach'bb Bat, I. 589. 

Appalachees, Indian tribe, I. 589. 

Appalachiah Mountaihs, I. 589, Estent, 
2 ab ; oharacteriatio features, 3 b ; general 
course, 580, 1 a ; law of inclination of slope, 
; parallel ridges, 2 b ; peculiarities of 
otare, 2 be ; origin of tie strata, S9!, 
be; "faults," 2 b; thermal springs, 592, 
a; geoIogicalformations,iS. ; artesian wells 
jalt water), 3 b; vegetation, 3 c. 

Appalaohioo 'la, river, I. 593. Town, 1 b. 

Appanoose', county, I. 598. 

AppARAT'Tia, in physiology, I. 593. 

Apparent time, V. 723, 1 c. 

AppAKiTioir, spectral illusion, I. 693. 

Appeal', in law, I. 594. Appellate court at 
common law, 1 ab ; procedure in federal 
courts, 1 b ; gronnds for appeal, 1 o ; as re- 
garded in tbe appellate court, 2 ab ; statutes 
respecting, 2 c ; in criminal coses, 595, 1 a. 
Appellate jurisdiction of tbe United States 
supreme court, 1 b^ of the circuit courts, 
ib. ; court of appeals of New York, 1 c. 
Appellate jurisdiction in England, 2 b ; court 
for crown cases reserved, 2 c. French sys- 
tem, 596, 1 b; German, 2 a. Ancient Eng- 
lish practice in case of felony, 2 b ; wager 
of battle, ih. 

Appeah, triers of: see Methodism, SI. 456, 
Ib. 

'■'■Appeal to the Ood of battles," origin of the 
expression, IV. 248, 2 c. 

Appellants : see Jaksenios, IS, 629, 1 b. 

Appen'dices epiplo'ietg, V. 90, 2 c (Colon). 

Appenzbll [ap'-pen-tsel], canton, I. 697. 

Ap'PBytLEY, Charles James, sporting writer, I. 
597. 

Appeet, Benjamin Nicolas Marie [ap-pair], 
philanthropist, I, 597. 

Apperffi process for preserving alimentary sui~ 
stances, I. 222, 1 b. 

Ap'peleney, new organs produced by, S. 118, 

1 c. 

Ap'rKTiTE, in physiology, I. 597. 
.Ap'man, historian, I. 598. 
Appiani, Andrea [ap-pyfi'-ne], painter, I. 598, 
Appiano, name of an Italian family, I. 588. 
Jacopo I,, I c. Gherardo, iS. Jacopo III., 

2 a. Jacopo IV., #. 

Appian Wat, I. 598. Reopening of the, 2 b ; 

ill., 599. 
Ap'pios Clau'diits : see Claudius, 



APTEETX 



41 



Apple, I. 598. History of, 599, I b ; general 
description of, 1 c; cultivation of, 3 c; for 
ornament, 600, 3 b ; as food, 1 c ; use of the 
wood, (6.; in commerce, 2 a; insects that 
infest it, 2 c ; varieties of apple, 601, 1 ab ; 
for exportation, 1 be. Black scars, how 
produced, VII. 533, I a. 

Apple essence, flavoring liquid, XVI. 246, 3 c. 

Apples of Sodom, I. 601 ; XV. 155, 1 a. 

Appletoh, city, I. 601. 

Appletoh, Daniel, publisher, I, 601. 

Appleton, Jesse, D. D., president of Bowdoin 
college, I. 601. 

Appleton, Nathan, merchant and political 
economist, I. 601. 

Appleton, Samuel, merchant and philanthro- 
pist, I. 602. 

Appling, county, I. 602. 

Appolu, J. George, inventor, I. 603. 

Appomat'tox, county, I. 602. 

Appomattox Couet House, village, I. 603. 
Lee's surrender of the northern army of 
Virginia, 2 b. 

ApPOMiTTOS KlVER, I. 602. 

Apponyi [op'-pon-ye], Hungarian family, I. 
603. Gyorgy Antal, count, 3 c. Antal, JJ. 
Endolf, ib. Gyorgy, ii. 

Appeaisb'ment, 1. 603. In American law, 1 b. 

Appeen'tice, I. 603. Origin of apprenticeship, 
1 be. Apprenticeship in France, 1 c; in 
Germany, Italy, Great Britain, and Ireland, 
3 a-o. Institution of guilds in England, 3 b ; 
restrictive laws, 2 be. Contract of appren- 
ticeship, 2 c ; at common law, 604, 1 a ; stat- 
ute law, 1 ab. Assignment of indentnre, 605, 
1 ab; obligations of masters, 1 b; dissolu- 
tion of contract, 3 a. 

Approach, military : see Sjbcie, XV. 39, 1 be, 

Ajtpideius : see Apulbius. 

APBis'iN, Fedor, Russian grand admiral, I. 
603. Stefan Fedorovitch, 2 b. 

Ap'rioot, I. 605; ill., 606. Best varieties, 1 c. 

Apries [a'-pre-eez], a king of Egypt, the 
Hopbra of the Bible, I. 606. 

April, month, I. 606. All Fool's Day, 2 b. 

A priori conceptions, in Leibnitz's philosophy, 
X. 324, 2 b. 

JysAeriw, peninsula of : see Baku, IT. 330, 1 c, ff. 

Apsis ofaneieaX churches, IV. 566, 2 b. 

Apsley, Baron, II. 890, 3 b. 

Aptenodytes [ap-ten-o-di'-teez], fornithology), 
XIH. 248, 3 a. A. Pennantii, 2 o (ill.). 

Ap'tehal, in architecture, I. 606. 

Ap'tektx (ornithology), I. 606, A. australis 



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42 APTOENIS 

(ill.), 607, 1 ab. A. Mantelli, 1 b. A. 

Oweni, #. 
Aptomis (ornitliology), ¥1. 116, 3 a. 
Apttlkiijs, or Appuleius [ap-pu-le'-yus], Roman 

satirist, I. 607. 
Afd'lia, a division of ancieot Italy, L 607, 

Apnlia Pencetia (Terra di Bflri), II. 3U, 2 a. 
Apulims, an Italic race, IS. 439, 1 o. 
Apobe [a-poo'-rS], river, I. 608. 
Aptihihao [^poo-re-mak'], river, I. 608. 
Aqua [a'-kwa], alchemic prefix, I. 608. 
Aqua ealcU: see Lime, S. 478, 1 a. 
Aqua campko'Tce : see Aqua. 
Aqua cinfutmo'mi: see Aqua. 
Agua Claudia, rnina of, I. 612, 1 c (ill.). 
Aqum Alloh'rogum, I. 234, 3 a (Ais-i.es- 

AquiB BorDo'nis, III. 157, 3 b (BocunoNifK- 

Aqaa Calen'tei, IV. 342, 2 c (CnATniES-AionEs). 

Aqum PomitiaruB, I. 234, 2 a (Ais-lss-Bains). 

A([ua Flatiw, IV. 347, 2 a (Chaves). 

Aqva Qratianm, I. 234, 3 a (Aix-les-Bains). 

AquaKiaineii [Di-se-nfi'-ji], III. 167, 3 a (Bouk- 
bon-Lanct). 

AqtuB Panno'iim, H. 210, 2 c (Baden). 

Agum Sextia, I. 233, 2 ab (Ais). Battle of, 
884, 2 b ; IT. 583, 1 a. 

Aqute So'tU, II. 388, 1 a (Bath). 

Aqua Statiel'lcB, I. 72, 2 b (Acqpi). 

Aquafortis (cbemistry), XII. 464, 2 be. 

Aquamarine [alc-wa-ma-reen'], I. 608, 2a; Jl. 
688, 1 b (S&). 

Aq'ua regia (chemiatrj), VIII. 72, 1 ab; IX. 
109, 2 b. Origin of the name (alchemic), 
XII. 468, 1 b. 

Aqda'sians, or Hydroparastatse, sect of ascet- 
ics, I. 609. 

Aqoabium, or Aqnavivariara, I. 609. Scientific 
n?e of, 1 a ; office of plants and animals in it, 
1 b. Fresh-water aquarium, 1 c (ill.). Ma- 
rine tank, 610, 1 a (ills.). Office of marine 
planta, 1 c; of animalcules, 2 a. Treatment 
of the animals, 3 a. Aqnarium in Regent's 

Aquarius, constellation: see Gahtmbde. 

Aquatint rnigra^ing, VI. 658, 1 bo. 

Aqua Tofaba |S'-kwa to-fft'-na], poison, 1. 608. 
Alluded tfl, III. 290, 2 a. 

Aqua'niUs: see Aqua. 

Aquauvtariwrn, : see Aquarium. 

Aqueduct [ak'-we-dukt], I. 611. Aqueduct 
of Carthage, 3 b; rnins of (ill.), ib. Aqua 
Claudia, 612, 1 c; ruins of (ill.), ih. Aque- 



ARABIC 

duet of Antioch, 3 c; ruins of (ill.), 613. 
Aquednet of Nimes, 1 b (ill.). Croton aque- 
duct, 613, 3 be (ills.). Oochitnate aqueduct, 
615, 1 b (ill.). Trajan's, XIV. 753, 1 o. 

A'guecva humor : see Eyk, VII. 46, 1 c. 

Aqueous vapor, the : see Meteobolooy, XL 
440, 2 b; ill., 441. 

Aquid'neeic, island, XIV. 391, 3 a; IV. T98, 2 b, c. 

AQrii.A [S'-kwe-la], fortified city, I. 616. 

Aquila, Kaspar, reformer, I. 616. 

Aquila (ornithology), VI. 347, 1 c. A. cliryaa- 
etos, ib. (ill.). A. Canadensis, 2 c. A, nas- 






I, lo. 



Aquila'ria (botany), species of, VL 351, 1 ab. 
A. agallochnm, ii., and I. 347, 1 be. 

Aquileia [^kwe-la'-ya], vill^e of the Austrian 
Ooastland, I. 616. Patriarchate of, 1 c. 

Aqui'nas, Thomas, I. 616; XIII. 440, 1 b; XL 
811, 1 a. On the euchnrist, X. 640, 1 ab. 
On miracles, XI. 635, 1 b. Alleged agree- 
ment with modem evolutionists, VII. 10, 1 c. 

Aquin'cum, supposed site of. III. 392, 1 c. 

Aquisgra'num, I. 224, 1 b (Aix-tA-CnAPBLLE). 

Aqwitaine [5-ke-tain] : see Aquitania. 

Aquita'bia, a division of ancient Gaul, I. 616. 

Aquitania Tertia: see Gascont. 

AR., abbreviation, XIL 535, 3 b. 

A'ra (ornithology), species of, X. 770, 2 c. A. 
ararauna, 771, 2 a (ill.). 

AiiABELLA SruAET (iho lady Arabella) : see 
Stuaet, Arabella. 

AnABEStjuB [ar'-a-besk], I. 617 (ills.) ; 661, 3 c. 

Arabgheer; see Arabgir. 

Ababoir [S-r^b-gheer'], Arabgheer, or Arab- 
kir, town of Asia Minor, I. 617. 

Aba'bia, I. 617. Boundaries, 2 a. Ancient 
divisions, 2 b ; modern do., iJ. Sinaitic pen- 
insula, i6.\ Hedjaz, ib.; Yemen, 2 c; Ba- 
dramaut, 618, 1 ab ; Oiaan, 1 b ; El-Hasa or 
Ahsa, 1 c; hot springs, iS. ; Nedjed, 2 a; 
Shomer, 3 b; Eeh-Shehr or Mahra, 3 c; El- 
Yamamah, ib. Diseases, 619, 1 ab. Phys- 
ical features, 1 b ; geolo^cal formation, 2 b ; 
flora, t6.; sgriculture,2bo; fauna,2c. Com- 
merce, 630, 1 b. Population, 1 be ; religion, 
2 b. Early history, 2 b; Nabathiean Arabs 
or Ishmaelites, 621, 3 a; since the introduc- 
tion of Mohammedanism, 3 c. See Asia, 
and Afeica, map of, I. 164^'5. 

Arabian. Nights, tales, I. 624, 1 a. 

Arabia PMladelphenaig, XIII. 389, 1 a. 

Ar'abie aeid (vegetable), VIII. 820, 1 b. 

Arabic artiele, definite, I, 237, 3 ab. 

Arabic numerah, I. 632, 1 a; 625, 1 c. 



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ARABIC 



AEABIO LANftTTAeE AND LlTEKATCEE, I. 623. 

Extent of Arabic literature, 623, 1 c {also 
626, 1 b). Poetry, 2 b ; prose, 3 c ; theology 
and law, 624, 1 b ; Mohammedan sects, 1 be ; 
history, 2 b; biography, 623, 1 b; phUos- 
ophy, a. ; loatheinatics, 1 c (see Alobbra, 
and Mateekmaticb, XL 2T7, 1 c); medicine, 
3 ab; chemistry, 2 b; botany, ib.; geogra- 
phy, 2 be ; lost works, 1 c. First patronized 
by the caliphs, I, 848, 1 a. 

Abab'ioi, or Arabians, Christian sect, I. 626. 

AmUne [Sr'-a-bin]; see Gdm, VIII. 321, 1 c. 

ArabHr [a-rfib-keer'] : see Ababoir. 

Arabt, their chemical knowledge: see Chem- 
ISTHT, ly. S57, 3 b. Their knowledge of 
mathematics: see AtciEnnA, and Mathemat- 
ics, XI. 277, I 0. Third siege of Conatanli- 
nople by them, X. 350, 2 ab. Their mental 
characteristics, XIT. 761, 1 b. Arabs of 
Tunis, characteristics of, XVI. 31, 1 ab. 

Aracan', or Arracan, province, I. 626. Town, 
2 b. 

Aracarii (ornithology), XV. 820, 1 c. 

Araoati [d-ra-ka'-te], port of Brazil, I. 626. 
River, 2 be, 

Arachk hypogma [fir'-a-kis hi-po-je'-a], (bot- 
any), 5III. 210, 1 b (01.)- 

AKAcnuE [a-rak'-ne], mythical, I. 626. 

Asaoh'nida (zoSlogy), I. 626. Polmonaria, 
627, 1 b. Traehearia, 1 b and c, 2 a. See 
Spider. 

Arachnidei [a-rak'-ne-deez], (botany), I. 218, 



Arachnids: see Arachnid a. 
Araehnoid (of the brain). III. 188, 1 c 
Ic. 



1. 41 



Arad [or'-od], town of Hungary, I. 627. 

A'rad (botany), X. 366, 2 c. 

Ar'adttb, islet, I. 627, 

Akapat', or Orphat, Arabia, I. 627. Moham- 
medan ceremonies connected with it, 2 o. 

Arafura sea [^ra-foo'-ra], 11. 129, 1 a. 

Abaoo, Dominiqne Franfois [S-ra-go], physi- 
cist and statesman, I. 628 ; on polarized liglit, 
X. 448, 2 be ; V. 96, 2 b. Joan, I. 628, 2 b. 
Jacques Etienne Victor, 2 c. I^tienne, ib. 
Emmannel, 639, 1 b; III. 53, 1 b. 

Ah'aoon [Sp. S-ra-goanl, kingdom and cap- 
taincy general, I. 629. Independent jnris- 
diction of, estingnished : see Peeez, XIII. 
287, 2 c. 

Arsgona [A-ra-go'-na], town of Sicily, I. 630. 

Arag'onite: see Crtstallogeapby, V. 540, 2 a. 

Aragwato [A-ra-gwfl'-to], (zoology), XI. 750, 2 c. 



ABAcnAT, or Araguaya [S-ra-gwi', -gwi'-ya], 

river, 1. 630. 
Aragvaya: seeARAOcAt. 
AraiiM [S-ra-i'-ne], (ornithology), X. 770, 2 b. 
Ara Jonit : see Abanjcbz. ■ 
AitAKTCHBYBrr, Alesei, count [a-rak-cha'-yef], 

I. 630. Allusion to, 283, 1 c, 3 a. 
A'ral, Sea of, I. 631. 
Ara'lia (botany), VII. 816, 1 a. A. quinqoe- 

folia (ill.), ib. A. nudicaulis, XIV. 635, 2 c. 

A. papyrifera, XIV. 311, 1 ab. A. raoemosa, 

XV. 267, 3 b. 
A'bam, a region of Asia, 1, 631. See Masopo- 

TAOTA, and Syria, XV. 546, 1 c. 
Aram, Eugene, I. 631. Hood's ballad, "The 

Dream of Eugene Aram," and Bulwer's ro- 
mance, "Eugene Aram," 633, 1 b. 
Arama'ic langvoffe, I. 631, 2 a. 
Ai-a'in.w, (ornithology), V. 437, 2 e. A. gigan- 

teus, ib. A. scolopaoeus, 428, 1 b (ill.). 
Abah'da, Pedro Pablo Abarca y Bolea, count 

of, Spanish statesman, I. 632. 
Aranjuez [S-rin-'hwaith'], town of Spain, I. 

632. 

, Hungarian poet, I. 



Aeant, Jiinos [or 



Aranyai:a, Hindoo religious work, IX. 223, 

2 b ; 227, 1 c. 
Arap'ahob, connty, I. 632. 
Arapahoes, Indian tribe, I. 632. 
Arapilea [A-ra-p6'-lace], hero of the, IV. 647, 

1 a. 
Arapon'ga, bird, SVI. 109, 3 c. 
A'rar : see Sa6ne. 

Ar'aeat, mountain of Asia, I. 633 (ill.). 
Araeat, or Pilot Monntain, I, 683. 
Aeab [a-raal : see Abases. 
Arateia [5r-a-te'-ya], festival games, I. 684, 

lab. 
Ara'tcs, Greek poet, I. 633. Greek general 

and statesman, 1 c. See Achaan Leaoub, 

62, S b. 
Araueana, La pA d-row-k^'-na], Spanish epic, 

VI. 705, 1 c. 
Arauca'kians, Indian nation, I. 634. 
Aracco [S-row'-ko], province, I. 635. 
Arau'sio: see Oeasge, Xll. 666, 1 c. 
Abax'es, river, I. 635. 

Aera'ces, founder of the Median empire, 1. 635. 
Ah'balast, or Crossbow : see AROiiERY, I. 649, 

1 b (ill.). 

Arbe'i.a, village, I. 635. Battle of, 2 a : 276, 

2 be; IV. 142, 1 a. 

Aebitbe [ar'-bo-ter], Roman umpire, I. 685, 



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44 



ARBITRATION 



Aebitba'tioit, I. 685. How difEerent from a 
reference, & b. General rule in respect to 
the former, 3 c Who are competent to be 
parties to it, 636, 1 h. State statutes re- 
specting it, 2 ah. Effect of a submission to 
arbitration, and of ita award, 637, 1 ab. 
Power of arbitrators, ib. Statute of Penn- 
sylvania, 1 c. In England, councils of con- 
ciliation and arbitration, 3 a. In France, 
courts of prudhomme}, ib. — Arbitration for 
settling international disputes, X, 229, 1 b. 
In the case of the Alabama oldms, *i., and 
VIII. IflO, 1 c ; in that and other cases un- 
der the treaty of Washington, 5VI. 187, 
2 b, ff. 

Arbitration clause, in articles of association, 
I. 635, 2 c. 

Abbiat, Madame d' [dar'-bla], (Frances Bur- 
nej), English novelist, I. 637. 

Aa'BOQAST (Arbogas'tes), I. 638. Sec Am- 
brose, I. 885, 1 c. 

Aebois [ar-bwS], town, I. 638. 

Arlor, of wheel, XVI. 591, 1 b. In the ma- 
chinery of a clock or watch, IV. 699, 3 e. 

Ab'boe Vi't.^, tree, I. 638 (ill.). 

Arbor viUB, of the cerebellum, III, 190, 1 a. 

Aebeissel, Robert of, founder of the order of 
Fontevrault, I. 638. 

Ar'beoath, Aberbrothwick [ab-er-broth'-ik], 
or Aberbroth'oek, municipal burgh, I. 638. 
, John, physician and writer, I. 



ArbutliTiot, British subject, tried and executed 
by order of Andrew Jackson, IS. 491, 1 c. 

Arbu'tus (botany), I. 639. A. unedo, straw- 
berry tree, 3 a (ill.). Trailing arbutus, 2 c 
CUI., 640). 

Abc, portion of a curved line, I. 640. 

Arc on the eartW» surface, measurement of : 
see Earth, VI. 365, 1 ab ; Dkobbe, V. 764, 
2 c. Used by Eratosthenes to ascertain the 
size of the earth, V. 765, 1 a. Monument 
marking the commencement of great Euro- 
pean arc, Yin. 427, 3 a. 

Ako, Joan of : see Joaw of Abo. 

AacAOHON [ar-ka-sho"], village, I. 640. 

Abca'dia, in Greece, I. 640. 

Areadian, »tag, capture of the, VIII. 679, 1 c. 

Akoadius, emperor, I. 641. 

Ar'camte: see Potassium, XIII. 761, 1 c. 

Arca'num, celebrated villa, T. 763, 1 c (Abpino). 

Arcanum tarta're: see Potassicm, XIII. 763, 
2 a. 

Arcella : see Pkotozoa, XIV. 86, 3 ab. 



ARCHER 

ArcelU'na, animalcules, I. 516, I b. 

Aecesilaus [ar-ses-e-la'.us], philosopher, 1. 641, 

ArceutAo'Uum (botany), XI, 676, 1 c A. oiy- 
cedri, ib. A. campylopodiuni, 3 a. 

Anon, I. 641. Etruscan, 2 a ; Roman, ib., and 
658, 3 be ; triumphal, 642, 1 a ; pointed, 662, 
1 b, 2 a; lancet, 668, 2 b; decorated Gothic 
(ill.), 665. Arch of Trajan at Ancona, 469, 
1 a (ill.). Arch of Titns at Rome, XFV. 
412, 3 a (ilL). Arch of Oonstantine, 2 c 
(iil.). 

Archaanac'tid^ Oimmerian dynasty. III, 113, 
Ic. 

Ancn^cOLOGY [ar-ke-ol'-o-je], I. 642. Three- 
fold division of the primeval period of man, 
1 e. Stone age, ib.; cave period, 2 b; hu- 
man skeletons, 648, 1 b. Polished-stone or 
neolithic age, 1 be. Shell mounds in Den- 
mark, 1 c ; in the United States, 2 a. Lake 
dwellings of Switzerland, 2 b ; burial mounds, 
ib. ; domestic animals found in them, ib. ; 
occupations of man, 2 bo ; two human races, 
ib. Bronze age, 2 c, and 644, 2 b ; advance 
in civilization, 1 a; transition period, 1 h; 
iron age, ib., and 2 b ; historic age, ib. Lar- 
tet's two prehistoric ages, 1 c. Synchronism 
of different ages, 2 be. 

AEcn*:op'TEEYi (ornithology), I. 645 (ill.). 



Tail in A. 



Ic. 



Arch^^ua, a spiritual essence, VIII. 624, 3 c; 

XIII. 484, 2 a. 
Abchahgel [ark-ain'-jel], a government of 

Russia, I. 645. Capital, 2 b. 
Abchbish'op, I. 046. First formal sanction of, 

1 ab ; suffragans, 1 h. 
Archsor^fratemity of the Immaculate Heart of 

Mary, XI. 218, 1 b. 
Alio HUE i 'con, ecclesiastical dignitary, I, 646. 
Archdeva, in Persian demonology, V. 793, 2 be. 
Archotke', German title, I. 646, 
Arehebi'osis (beginnings of life) : see Bastian, 

H. C, 11. 374, 2 c ; Baoteeium, 208, 1 b. 
Archego'nia (botany), VII. 151, 1 ab; X. 542, 

1 c ; XI. 864, 2 b. 

AiicnELADS [ar-ke-la'-us], philosopher, I. 647. 
King of Macedon, 1 b. General, 1 o. Two 
kings of Comana, 3 ab. King of Oappadocia, 

2 be. Son of Herod the Great, king, 2 o. 
Sculptor, 648, 1 a. 

Archenceph'ala: see Philosophical Ahatomt, 

Sm. 429, 1 a. 
Abchenbolz, Johann Wilhelm, baron [ar'-'ben- 

h<5lts], author, I. 648. 
Aech'be, county, 1. 648, 



, Google 



AEOHER 

Archer. F. Scott, collodion process discoyered 

by, XIII. 470, 1 be ; V. 78, 1 e. 
Abchbrt, I. 648. Different forms of weapona, 

with illustrations. Longbow, 2 be (ill.) r see 

T44, 2 c. OroBabow, 649, 1 b (ill.) ; inferior 

to the longbow, 744, 2 o. 

Es, Court of, ecclesiastical, I. 649. Dean 



ARCTIC 



45 



oftl 



, 2 c. 



ArcAe», triumphal, I. 642, I a-c. See Akoh 
(Index). 

AncHiAB, AulusLicinius[ar'-ke-as], poet,!. 650. 

Aeohiatbb [ar-ke-a'-ter], medical title, I. 650. 
Salaried ciYil officer, required to attend the 
poor gratuitonsly, 1 bo; XI. S48, 1 a. 

Ah'ohisaid, Adams G., statesman, I. 650. 

Archibald Bell-the-Cat, VI. 323, 2 be. 

ArcMbTitea [ar-ke-bu'-te-o], (ornithology). III. 
606, 2 b. A. lagopus, ib. A. Sancti Johan- 
nis, 507, 1 a (ill., 506, 2 o). 

Archida'mia : see Aois, king of Sparta, I. 
187, 2 c. 

Akohid4mu8 [ar-ke-da'-mus], name of five 
kings of Sparta, I. 650. Arehidamus II., 
2 ab: see Grbeoe, VIII. 192, 1 b. Archi- 
damuB III., 2 b; referred to, I." 186, 2 c. 

Aeohil [ar'-kil], or Orchil, plant, I. 650. Dis- 
covery of, VI. 339, 1 b. 

Abohiloohps of Pa'eos [ar-kil'-o-kus], poet, I. 
651. 

AECHiMABintn'E[ar-ke-man'-drite], intheGreek 
church, I. 651. See EsABcn. 

Akchime'dban Soeew, I, 651 (ills.). 

Aechimedbs [ar-ke-m5'-deez], mathematician 
and mechanician, I. 651. Possibility ot his 
alleged uae of a burning glass proved, III, 
471, 2 be. Principle of Archimedes, I. 652, 

1 a; demonstration of it, IX. 119, 2 b (ilia.). 
His mechanical theories, XI. 316, 1 c and 

2 0. Idea of exhaustion introduced by him 
into geometry, VII. 701, 1 c. 

Abchipblaoo [ar-ke-pel'-a-go], Greek, I. 652. 
Indian, 2 b. See MBniTEBEAKBiK 8ea, and 

IlTDlAIT AkOHIPELAGO, 

Aeohitectubb [ar'-ke-tek-ture], I. 652. Pe- 
iasgic, 6S8, 1 a. Babylonian, 1 be. Assyr- 
ian, Phcenieian, Syrian, Hebrew, 1 c. Chi- 
nese and Hindoo, 2 ab. Egyptian, 2 b. Gre- 
cian, 654, 2 b. Grecian temple, 2 c ; chora- 
gic monuments, 655, 1 c; agoras, gymnasi- 
ums, baths, 2 a. Orders of, 2 b ; Doric, iS. ; 
Ionic, 657, 1 be ; Corinthian, 2 be. Etrus- 
can, 658, 1 c; Tuscan order, 2 a. Roman, 
ib.; Roman Corinthian, 659, 1 b; compo- 
site, 2b; Roman Doric, 3 be ; Roman Ionic, 



660, I b. Architecture of the middle ages, 

661, 1 ab. Byzantine, introduction of, 2 a. 
Saraoenie and Moorish, 2 be. Old Gothic, 

662, 2 a ; pointed style, 663, 2 b ; its primary 
period, ii.; its second, decorated or rayon- 
nant, 664, 1 b ; its third, perpendicular or 
flamboyant, 1 c. The renaissance or revival, 
2 ab. Modern architecture, 665, 1 c ; Greek 
revival, 2 ab; Gothic revival, ib., and 666, 

1 bo; n^o-grccque or romantique, 1 ab; 
" Victorian Gothic," 1 c. (Els.) 

Architecture, ickooU of, VI. 431, 2 o. 
AreMtecture qf Lamaie temples, X. 117, 2 a. 
Architea'thia mon'achua, mollusk, XV. 294, 2 c. 

A. prinoeps, 295, 1 a. 
Architrave: see AficniTECTtrKB, I. 656, 2 b; 

Ionic, 657, 2 b ; Corinthian, 2 c. 
Aechon [ar'-kon], of Athens, I. 666 ; sec 

Geebce, VIII. 188, 2 o. Decennial, I. 666, 

2 b; n. 54, 2 c. 

Archonts, XI. 359, 2 bo (MEaASTBESBs). 
Aecsytas op Tae'entum [ar-kl'-tas], philoso- 



phe. 



I. 6 



AROis-acB-AuBtt [ar-s6-s(lr-ohe], town, I, 667. 

Area delta pace [pa'-eha], XI. 581, 2 c (Milak). 

Aecolb [ar-ko'-ia], village, and battle of, T. 667. 

Aboos db la FiiOHTEBA [ar'-kocc da la f roue- 
ta'-ra], town of Spain, I, 667. 

Aeoot', district of the Carnatie, I. 667. Cap. 
ital town, 2 a. Capture of by the English, 
IV. 693, 1 ab. Siege and assault by Oliunda 
Sahib, 1 bo. 

Arctia [ark'-te-a], (entomology), species of, XI. 
868, 1 c. A. acrwa, 2 a (ill.). 

Ahotio Disootebt, I. 667. Map, 668. At- 
tempts to reach the north pole and a north- 
west passage, 1 o. Hudson's voyages, 669, 
1 b. Extreme variation of the magnetic 
needle observed, 2 a. Open polar sea re- 
ported, 2 be. Expeditions in part for scien- 
tific objects, 2 c ; of Eoss and Lieut. Parry, 
of Bucban and Franklin, and of Lieuts. Par- 
ry and Liddon, 670, 1. Franklin's overland 
expedition, 670, 2 b, and 671, 2 b. Position 
of the true magnetic pole detennined, 672, 

1 c. Hudson Bay company's expeditions, 

2 b, and 673, 1 b. Sir John Franklin's last 
voyage, 673, 1 o. Ezpeditionfl sent to aid 
him, 2 ab ; from the United States, 674, 2 b. 
His first winter quarters found, 2 c. Discov- 
ery of his remains, and of a record of the 
lost espedition, 678, 1 c. Dr. Kane's expedi- 
tion, 676, 2 ab ; scientific results of it, 677, 
1 e. Hayes's expedition, 679, 1 b; Capt. 



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46 



AECTIO 



Hairs, 2 b, 680, 2 b. German expeditiona, 

680, 1 a; Austrian, 1 c. 
Arctic expeditwru; see Aeittio Discotebt; 

Babentz, Willem; Billings, Joseph; Bu- 

CHAS, David; Hates, Isaac Israel; Koldk- 

WEY, Karl ; Weanoell, Ferdinand. 
Arctic ocean: see Polar Sbas, SIII, 653, 1 a 
Aretoeeph'nVua FaVdanldwta (zoSlogj), XIV. 

Y84, 3 b. 
Aretom'eeon Califor'ntcum (botany), XIII. 115, 

2 b. 
Are'tomya (zoology), XI. 183, 1 a. A. marmo- 

ta, i6. (ill.). A. monas, SVI. 706, 2 be (ill.). 
AreUs, constellation, HI. 621, 2 c, 
Akotu'bds, star, I. 680 ; III. 86, I ab (BoOtes). 
Aboubil [ar-ktiij'], village, I. 681. 
Ar'aaa sen'ilu: see Hbait, Diseases of the, 

Vni. 565, 1 c. 
Ae(jy, Grotto Of, I. G81. 
Arcyria, iungi, VII. 538, 2 a, 
Aedabil [ar-da-beel'], Ardebil, or Erde1»l, 

town, I. 681, 
Ar'dea <omitlio!ogy), IL 6T0, 1 b (Bittebn) ; 

A. minor, 2 a ; A, (butflrides) virescens, 2 ab 

^11.). VI. 458, 1 (Eqbet); A. (herodias) 

cgretta, ib. (ill.); A. alba, 2 o (ill., 454); A. 

garzetta, 4S4, 1 b (ill.) ; A. Ooromanda, 1 * ; 

A. rofa, 3 a (ill.). VIII. 689, 2 a (HeeokJ; 

A, cinereo, 690, 1 a (ill., 689) ; A. purpurea, 

1 bo^ A. Ladoviciana, 1 e (ill.) ; A. hero- 
dias, 2 o (ill.) ; A. occidentalia, 691, 2 a filL) ; 
A. cceralea, 2 b. 

Ardebil: see Aedabil. 

AeoicHE [ar-daish], department of France, L 

681. 
Ard^ida (ornithology), II. 6T0, 1 b. 
Ardkhkks [ar-d6n], department of France, I. 

«81. 
Aedksiiie [ar-dSh-sheer'], Ardshir, or Artas- 

erxea, Babegan, fonnder of the Sassanide 

dynasty, I. 681 ; 7T3, 2 a. 
Ardet'la exi'lis (ornithology), IL 670, 1 ab 

(ill, 671). 
Ahditi, Laigi [ar-d6'-te], violinist and com- 
poser, I. 681. 
Arelatc [ilr-e-la'-te], ancient town, I. 718, 2 a 

(Aeles) ; kingilom of, 2 b, and VII. 379, 2 e. 
Ard-righ, title, 111. 263, 2 c. 
Ardshir : see Aedeshir. 
Aee [fire], French unit of surface, I. 683. 
Areca [a-r6'-ka], (botany), XIII. 17, 1 o. A. 

htescens, 16, 2 b (ill., 17). A. catechu, 17, 

2 a (ill.); II. 593, 1 b. A. oleracea. III. 624, 
1 c (ill.) ; XIII. 17, 2 c (oreodosa oleracea). 



ARGENT 

Areca inland, XIII. 245, 1 c (Penang). 
Areca palm, XIII. 17, 2 a (ill.) ; II. 593, 1 b. 
Arecin'eiB (botany), XIII. 17, 1 c. 
Are'na, of an amphitheatre, I. 489, 2 c. 
Aren'acum, I. 767, 1 c (Aenhem). 
Aebndal [^'-ren-dM], town of Norway, called 

"Little Venice," I. 682. 
Aretiiefola (entomology), S. 662, 1 c. A. pis- 

catorum, 2 a; VL 218, 1 c. 
Are'cla: see Mammary Glands, XL 83, 1 c; 

GBSTKinica, XII. 569, 1 a. 
Areola, of the longs, X. 721, I a. 
Aeeolab Tissue: see Cellulab Tissdb. 
AitEOMETBK [a-re-om'-e-ter] : see Htdeometee. 
Areopagitea [a-re-op'-a-jites] : see iLLDMiifATi, 

IX. 193, 1 c. 
Aseop'agits, of Athens, I. 682; II, 69, 2 be. 

Council or court of the Areopagus, I. 682, 

lb; II. 55, 1 a and c. 
Aeequipa [a-ra-ke'-pa], department of Peru, 1. 

683. Volcano of Misti or Arequipa, 2 a 

(ill.). Capital town, 2 c. 
Abes [a'-reez] ; see Maes. 
AEBTfiira [gr-e-te'-ns], physician, L 683. His 

theory of insanity, IX. 297, 1 be. 
Abethcsa [iSr-e-thu'-za], fonntain and nymph 

(Nereid), I. 683, and 351, 1 c. One of the 

Hesperidos, 683, 1 a. Fountain repaired, 

XV. 543, 1 be. 
Abbteno, Guido, or Guido d'Arezzo [ft-ra-te'- 

no, gwe'-do d&-ret'-so], Benedictine monk, I. 

683. See Beuki, Leonardo. Pietro, Italian 

writer, 1 c, 
Arctium, I. 683, "2 b (Aeezzo). 
Abezzo [a.-ret'-Bo], province, I. 683. Capital 

city, 2 b, 
AEG.Eue, Mount [ar-Je'-ns] : see Abjise. 
Arqali [ar-gS'-le]: see Sheep, XIV. 836, 2 c. 

Asiatic, ih. (ill., 837). African, 837, 1 ab. 

American, 1 o (ill.). 
Aegall, Samuel [ar'-g'I], adventurer, I. 683. 
Argand hwmer, X. 129, 1 be. 
Aeoklandbb, Friedrioh Wilhelm August [ar'- 

gh6h-ian-der], astronomer, I. 684. (D. 1875.) 
Argenwne Mexiea'na [ar-jem'-o-ne], (botany), 

Xni. 715, 1 c. 
Argbns, Jean Baptiste de Boyer, marquis d' 

[dar-zh&'*], writer, I. 684. 
Aegeksos, Voyer d' [vw4-ya dar-zhfi'^-so"'], 

French family, I. 684. Ken6 Lonis, 3 b. 

Marc Pierre, 2 e. Marc Antoine Eenfi de 

Palmy, ib. Marc Ren6, 685, 1 a. 
Ar'gent [Fr. ar-zh4"'], in heraldry, VIII. 671, 



,y Google 



Aboentan [ar-zh{t°'-tA°'], town of France, I. 



Ar'gentaJhe,oi a,rgentaa: see German Silyee, 

and XVI Sir, 1 be 
Aegb-jteuil [ar-zhJL'' tilhy'], town of France, 

I 085 Nunnery of, 1 o see AsiLABD, I. 

18, lb 
Arokntkitil, oonnty, I G55 
Abgbn'teds Co'dbx, I 685 See Gothic Latj- 

OTTAOE AND LlTKEATUEB, VIIL 133, 1 0. 

Argen'tic oxide, XV. 48, 2 C (Silvbe). 

Argentine fioieen of antimony, crystals, I. 665, 
la. 

Aroentinb Eepitblio [ar'-jen-teen], (La Re- 
pAiliea Argentina, Ik ra-poo'-ble-ka ar-'hen- 
te'-na), I. 685 (map). ProvJDces, area, and 
population, 1 bo. Physical features, 687, 3 
Rivers, 688, 1 b; lakes, 2 b. Geologj, 68 

1 a. Fossils, 1 b. Minerals, 1 o. Climate, 

2 b. Soil, 690, 1 ab. Flora, 1 b. Fauna, iS. 
Statistics of farming stock, ih UannfaC' 
tureSj 691, 1 a. Commerce, 1 b. Intercomm 
nicatioD, 1 c Telegraph, 2 ab. Banks, 2 
Post office department, i6. Constitution and 
government, ii, Finances, 1 b. Education, 
683, 2 a. Eeligion, 3 ab. History, 2 b. 

Argentite, XV. 49, 2 be (Silvee). 
Argentora'tum, aacient city, XV. 410, 2 e. 
Argen'tvm, origin of the name, XV, 47, 2 a. 

Argentum vivum, XI. 400, 1 c (Mkrcubt). 
Argilla'eeoua (smell or taste), IV. 649, 1 a. 
Arginu'sse, navftl battle of: see GRsecB, VIII. 

195, 1 a. 
Aroivkb [ar'-jives], Greek tribe, I. 696. 
Argo^ fabled ship, I. 686, 3 b (Abronauts), 
Ar'goJ}, ancient city, II. 359, 2 b (Bashan). 
Abhol: see Tartar, XV. 574, 2 b, and Wine, 

XVI. 666, 3 be. 
Aroolis : see Argos. 

Argoli) and CoriiUh, nomarchy, I. 697, 2 c. 
Aeuonatit, moUusk : see N actiltis, SII. 1T5, 

1 c, 177, 1 a (ill.), and Cephalopoda, IV. 

207, I a and c. Argonaut without the shell 

Oil.), IV. 207, 1 a; with the shell (il!.), 1 e. 

Power of changing its color, 343, 1 b 

(Chameleon); XII. 177, 1 be (Nautilus). 
Argonau'ta (moUusca), XII. 177, 1 a. A, argo, 

1 Cdl.). 
AnGONAtrrs, in Greek legend, I. 696. 
Aboonne [ar-gttn], region in France, I. 697. 
Argonns forest : see Aboosne, I. 697, 1 b. 

French Thermopylte, ib. 
Aeooon, or Argun [ar-goon'J, river, I. 697. 
Ae'oos, or Argolis, ancient Greece, I. 697. 



Kingdom and city of Argos, 2 b; modem 

Abgot [av-go] ; see Slano. 

AeoOellbs, Augustin [ar-gwa'-lyace], statea- 
man, I. 697. 

Arguente, XV. 49, 3 ab {Silver). 

Argun : see Abgook. 

Argus, mythical, I, 698. See lo. 

Argua (ornithology), XHI, 384, 2 c. A. gigan- 
teus, JJ. (iU., 385J. 

Argyle: seeAaGYLL. 

Abgtleshibe, or Argyllshire [ar-ghlle'-sber], 
county, I. 698. 

Aeoyll, op Argyle [ar-ghile'], earls and dukes 
of, I. 698. 

Argyllshire; see Akoylbshibk. 

Argyn'nu (entomology), III. 498, 3 b. A, 
Diana, ih. 

Argyreio'am (iclitbyology), VI. 219, 3 c. 

Argyre'ua (ichthyology), V, 638, 1 c A, atro- 
nasus, 2 b (ill.). A. nasutns, 2 c. 

Argyrip'pcL, ancient town, VII. 301, 1 a. 

Argtro-Kabtbo [ar'-gbe-ro-kas'-tro], Albanian 
town, I. 699. 

Aboteopulob, Johannes [ar-ghe-rop'-oo-los], 
scholar, I. 699. 

A'Ha, XII. 83, 3 a (Mrrsic). 

Akiad'ne, in Greek legend, I. 699. 

Arial'dus, Christian martyr, I. 699. 

A'rianism, I. 700. See Arius. Conflict be- 
tween the Orthodox and Arians in the Ro- 
man empire, 1 b. Arianism in the Germanic 
tribes, 701, 1 b. See Christ (Index). 

AfiiiNO [4-re-S'-no], town of Italy, I. 70I. 

Arians : see Arianism, and Trinity. See 
Christ (Index). 

Aria Palm, lake, XIV. 755, 1 c. 

A'eias Monta'ntjs, Benedictus, oriental scholar, 
I. 701. See Polyglot, Xin. 687, 2 b, 

Arica [ft-re'-ka], town of Peru, I. 701. Earth- 
quake of 1868, and its disastrous effects, 3 b. 

Arin'orm : see Rickarees. 

AriIcqb [a-re-aizh], department of France, I. 
703. River, 1 b. 

A'kihl, Hebrew name, I. 702. 

Ariel (ornithology), XV. 830, 1 ab. 

Ariel, or cora, species of gazelle, VU. 655, 2 a. 

Arima^pi, mythical, IX. 135, 1 a. 

Arim'inwm : see Kansi. 

Arioch [a'-re-ok], king of Ellaaar, referred to, 
IV. 230, 3 ab. 

Abi'on, ancient musician and poet, I. 702, 

Ariosto, Ludovico [fi-re-oa'-to], poet, I. 703 ; 
IX. 461, 1 c. 



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48 



ARI0VISTU8 



Akiovib'tub, German chief, I. 703. 

Arisa [a-rS'-aa], tree, specific for stanching effu- 
sion of blood, Y. 86, 2 ab. 

AHaw'nut (botany), XTI. 423, 1 b. A. tri- 
pLjllura, ih., and 1 o (iJl.)t and other species. 

Akista, Mariano [a-reece'-ta], general, I. V03, 

ABisT^'tis, mythical, I. 703. 

Abibtabohus [^r-is-tar'-kns], grammarian and 
critic, I. 703. Astronomer, 2 b. 

Aeistibbs [ir-is-ti'-deez], Athenian gtatesman, 
I. 703. ^Uus, rhetorician, 704, 1 a. Aris- 
tides o£ Thebea, painter, 1 b. 

^^Aristides, British:" see Maevell, Andrew, 
SI. 316, 2 a. 

AmsTip'ptis, philosopher, I. 704. 

Abistobc'lds, Jewish writer, I. 704. Usurp- 
ing king of Judea, 2 b ; VIII. 592, 2 c. Son 
of Alexander Jannffius, I. 704, 2 c ; VIII. 
592, 2 c; IX. 139, 1 a. Young high priest, 
drowned by order of Herod, VIII, 593, 1 o. 

AmsTOGiiOB; see Habmomub and Amsiogi- 

ArUtohchia [a-ris-to-lo'-ke-a], (botany), XV, 
180, 2 a. A. serpentaria, ib. (ill.). A. gua- 
co, VIII. 2T5, 1 b. 

Aeistomebbs [ar-is-tom'-e-neez], general and 
statesman, I. 704. 

AEiBTOPa'ANES, comic poet, I. 706. His imitar 
tion of the croaking of frogs, VII. 504, 1 b. 

Aristote'liamtm, spurious (nominalism), I. 707, 
1 ; Arabian form of, XIII. 439, 2 o. 

Abistotlk [Sr'-is-tot'l], ancient philosopher, I. 
70S. His Organon, X. 680, 1 h; the father 
of the science of logic, ib. ; his definition of 
induction, 2 a ; Leibnitz's opinion, of him, 
322, S b. His ethics, XL 809, 1 c; eyatem 
of philosophy, XHL 438, 1 b ; of politi- 
cal economy, 665, 1 b. His knowledge of 
natural history, IX. 159, 1 a ; of comparative 
anatomy, V. 18S, 1 b, I. 460, 1 c, and XI. 
346, 1 b. His description of the reptilian 
orders, VIII. 692, 1 c ; distinction of verte- 
brates and invertebrates, IX. 32S, 1 be; 
classification of mammals, XL 79, 3 b; of 
birds, XII. 704, 2 a ; of insects, VI. 658, 2 h. 
His two books on plants, IH. 131, 2 c. On 
the origin of plants and animals, VII. 10, 1 b. 
On the nature of substance, IV. 357, 1 b ; on 
the fundamental properties of matter, iS. ; 
his infinence on the science of chemistry, ib. 
His idews concerning heat, VIII. 567, I c ; 
concerning motion, XI, 316, 3 o; of the na- 
ture of money, 736, 1 a. Ascription to him 
of spurious works, I. 706, 1 c. His school 



ARMADILLO 

of philosophy in the middle ages, 253, 2 c. 
Narrow escape of his works from condemna- 
tion by the Parisian pariiament, H. 678, 1 b. 

Akktox'endb, Greek writer, I. 707. 

Aeith'mktto, 1. 707. Numerals, Hebrew, Greek, 
Roman, Arabic, 2 b and c. Value of onr 
system of notation 708 1 bt, Bmary and 
ternary systems, 1 c X 323 *> b and 324 

1 a. Properties of numbers > s "lee 
Mathematics. 

■ATitli'ini>ma7icy,'Vl 153 " be (D tination) 

A'bius [properly, a n ua] fo nder of Ar an 
ism, I. 708. See Abianisw and referencei 
under that title (Index) 

Arizo'na, territory I 7 ■> Fopulat on 2 a 
Topography, 3 b Geology and n nerol*' 
710, 1 a. Climate 3 b Flori 2 c igri 
culture. Til, 1 a. Intercommnnication 1 b 
Government, 1 c F nances 3 a. Stat s 
tics, census, education, newspapers, &c., 2 a. 
History and antiquities, 2 b. 

Abjish, or Erjish Dagh, mountain, I. 711. 

Akk, Noah's, L 713. See Snip, XIV. 855, 3 b. 
Ark of the covenant, I. 712, 1 b. 

Abkab'sas, Indian tribe. I. 713. 

Aekanbas, riTer, I. 712. 

Aekansab [formerly ar'-kan-saw], state, 1. 713. 
State seal, 1 b. Population, 1 c. Topography, 

2 b. Minerals, 714, 1 be. Climate, 1 e. 
Diseases, 3 ab. Soil, 3 b. Agriculture, 2 c. 
Manufactures, 715, 1 a. Tfluna, {b. Com- 
merce, 1 ah. Natural curiosities, 1 b. State, 
improvements, 1 c Banks, ib. Intercom- 
mnnication, 2 a. Government, 2 c. Fi- 
nances, 716, 2 be. Education, ib. State in- 
stitutions, 717, 1 ab. Periodicals, ib. His- 
tory, 1 b; secession, 1 be; new constitution 
(1864), 3 ab. 

Abkahsas, county, I. 717. 

Abkwribht, Sir Eichard, inventor, I. 717. His 
invention of spinning by rollers, V. 411, 3 b. 

Ables [arl], town of France, I. 718. 

Arlm, Muneil of, VI, 308, 1 b. 

Arlm, Hngdom of, I. 718, 2 he ; HI. 451, 1 c ; 
VII. 379, 2 c. 

Aelinooubt, Victor, viscount d' [dar-ia'*-koor], 
poet and novelist, I. 718. 

Arlijigton, earl of II, 529 (Besott, Henry). 

Arlington, estate: see Oustis, V. 593, 1 c and 
2 a. 

Ablob [ar-lo"], town of Belgium, I. 719. 

Abma'da [Sp. ar-mS'-(Aa], Spanish naval arma- 
ment, I. 719 ; VI. 534, 1 a (Enoland). 

Abmadil'lo, animal, I. 720 (ill.). 



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ARMAGEDDON 

AKMAOEDBOif [ar-ma-ghed'-dun], a region of 
Palestine, I. 721. Use of the term in Rev. 
xvi. 14^18, 1 0. 

Aemaoh [ar-ma'j, county, I. 731. Oity, 2 a. 

Armaonao [ar-ii]a-njak], territory of France, 
I. 721. Bernard VIL, count of, 3 c. Jean 
Y., 722, 1 a. 

Armagnaea, political faction, IV. 286, 1 c ; SIX. 
698, 2 be. 

Armament: see Fohtimoatios, VII. S34, 2 a. 

Arman. [ar-mS"'], contractor for confederate 
TCBsela, II. 683, 1 a. 

Absiand, Cliarles [ar-m4°'] : see Ron am e. 

Aemanspkro, Joseph Louis, count [ar'-mana- 
p^rg], statesman, I. 722. 

Ar'ina tpino'aa (entomology), XIII. 769, 2 c 
Ulastrations, ib., and 770, 1 a. 

Ab'scatolks, Greek mountain chiefs, I. 722. 

Armie de Condi [ar-ma diili ko°'-da], so styled, 
V. 315, 1 c. 

Akmbnoaud, Jean Germain DSsirS [ar-mi"'- 
go], art historian, I. 723. 

Armb'hia, I. 722. Divisions, 3 c. Climate, ib. 
Physical featares, 723, 1 a. Agricultural re- 
sonrees, I b. Traditions and history, 1 c. 
Armenian nationality extinguished, 724, 3 a. 

Armeni'aea tulga'ru (botany), I, 605, 2 c. 

Armenian chrontele, I. 727, 2 a. 

Aembniait CnuEon, I. 724. Introduction of 
Christianity into Armenia, 3 b. Doctrines of 
the Armenians, 735, 1 a. Orders of the cler- 
gy, 1 be. Church government, 1 c. United 
Armenians, or Armeno-Oatholics, 3 c. Prot- 
estant Armenians, 726, 1 b, Debajy Oghlu, 
1 be. Missions, 1 e. 

Aemksias Lanottaob aso Litbeatceb, I. 737. 
Armenian translation of the Bible, 1 o ; its 
influence on the iaaguaga, 2 a. Books in 
modem Armenian, 2 o. 

Armenian Protestants, I. 726, 1 b. 

Armeaia/na, the, IX. 847, 1 o. 

Armenian ttone, S. 161, 3 bo (Lapis Lazuli). 

Armeno-Oatholica, I. 725, 2 c. 

ABMEimSKEs [ar-ma°'-tyair], town of France, 
I. 732. 

Armes d, outrance [arm zS oo-trA"'ce], XV. 834, 

1 C (ToirR!fAMBNT). 

ATihiVhs : see Ebatosthbmbs, VI. 704, 2 c. 
Arftiillary sphere, VIII. 84, 1 e. 
ArmiVlvs, Jewish Antichrist, I. 669, 2 o. 
Armut, Robert, player and anthor, associate of 

Shakespeare, I. 728. 
Amdnen [ar-mS'-nen], German students' po- 

Utical association, III. 478, 1 b. 



AEMT 



49 



Arming of the bounding lead, II. 71, 1 o. 

Amtinian controversy, XIV. 254, 2 c. See Ar- 
UTNios, James, and Abudjiaks, and compare 
Babnbvbldt and Gbotiits. 

Arminianiiin in England, L 729, 1 b. 

Akminians, I. 728. See Arminian controversy 
(Indea). 

Aemibius (Hermann), liberator of Germany, I. 
739. Statue of, U. 267, 3 e. 

Abuinics, James, theologian, I. 730. 

Armistice [ai-'-mis-tia], X. 228, 1 a. 

AR'MiTAeE, Edward, painter, I, 731. 

Armon'ica: aee Habmonioa. 

Abmoe, I. 731. Greek, 1 be (ill). Roman, 
732, 1 ab (ill.). Mediaval, 1 c. Norman 
spearman (ill.), 3 a; full suit of chain mail 
(ill.), 2 c; mail and plate armor (iU.), 733, 
la; early plate armor (ill.), 1 c; fluted and 
jwrfeoted plate armor (ill.), 2 a; armor of 
man and horse (iU.), 3 e. 

Armored »hip» : see Ikon-clad Ships. 

Ahmoe'ica (Brittany), I. 734; III. 300, 1 c; 
VIII. 183, 2 0. 

Abms, weapons of offence, I. 734. 

Arma of an anchor, I. 4G4, 2 c. 

Armsthokg, county, I. 735. 

Aemstbono, John, American soldier, I. 735. 

Ak-mstbono, John, physician, poet, and essay- 
ist, I. 736. 

Abustbohg, John, phyaician and author, 1. 736. 

Armstbono, Sir William George, engineer and 
inventor, I. 736. His guns, 792, 1 c, ff. (ill., 
793); in. 713, 1 a (ills.); anticipated by 
Treadwoll, XV. 849, 2 be. Composition of 
his percussion powder, VII. 38, 1 be. 

Abmt, I. 736, Army of Egypt, 737, la; As- 
syria, 1 c ; Babylon, 2 be ; Persia, ib. ; Greece, 
738, 2 a. Changes in tactics after the Pelo- 
ponnesian war, 740, 1 a; arms, 1 b; mer- 
cenary troops in Greece and abroad, 1 bo; 
introduction of warlike engines, I c. Army 
of Philip of Macedon, 740, 2 b; of Carthage, 
741, 2 b; of Rome, ib. Roman officers, 742, 
I be ; arms, ib. ; tactical disposition of troops, 
3 c, 744, 1 ab; phalanx and legion, 743, 1 a. 
Changes introduced by Caisar, 1 c, and nn- 
der the empire, 744, 1 b. Army in the mid- 
dle ages, 3 b ; effect of the feudal system on 
discipline, iS.; infantry, 2 c; eavalry, 745, 
1 ab. Introduction of firearms, 3 a. Effect 
of breaking op of the feudal system, 2 b ; 
introduction of standing armies, 3 be. Char- 
acter of armies at the close of the middle 
ages, 3 0. Beginning of progress in mod- 



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50 AEMT 

em times, 746, 1 b ; drill regulations, 3b;' 
infantry aad cavalrj, 2 bo ; introduction of 
dragoons, 747, 1 a. Reforms under Guata- 
vna Adoipliua, 1 b; introduction of paper 
cartridges, ii. ; reorganization of cavalrj, 
and improvement of artillery, I be. Intro- 
duction of the bayonet, flint-lock, and iron 
ramrod, 2 a. Eeforms under Frederick the 
Great, T48, 1 be; revolution in cavalry, 1 c; 
in artillery, 2 ab ; in infantry, 3 b ; effect of 
the line formation, 2 be. Origin of the mod- 
em military system, 749, 1 ab. French 
army of the repnblie, and its new system of 
tactics, 1 b ; combination of the three arms, 

2 ab. Changes in maUriel of armies, 750, 
1 ab. American rifles, 2 be ; tactical arrange- 
ments, light-infantry tactics, 2 c; American 
iraprovemeats in cavalry, 751, 1 a. General 
organization of modern armies, 751, 2 ab; 
their equipment and armament, 3 e ; recrnit- 
ing of officers, 2 b. Division of infantry, 
753, 1 b; of cavalry, 1 c; of artillery, 3 a; 
brigade and division, 2 b. The staff, 768, 
1 b. Military establishments, 2 b. Military 
system of the United States, 754, 1 ab. 

"jirray of the faith,'''' (Spanish royalists), VII. 

188, 1 be; its defeat and dispersion, 1 c. 
Ama, wild buffalo, HI. 410, 3 a. 
Amatto: see Anhojto. 
Absacld [ar-no], family, I. 754. Antoine, 3 

ab. Eobei-t Amauld d'Andilly, 3 b. Henri, 

3 be. Antoine (the great Arnauld), 755, 1 a. 
His impeachment of the moral teaching of 
the Jesuits, XIII 784 1 a Mane Jacque 
line Ang^liqne, I 755 3 bo AgnSo 2 c 
Ang^liqne (M6re Angfihque) 7jf 1 a 

Absatjlt, Vincent Antome [ar n ] auth rr I 

756. 
Amaut Bellfirad, tDwn see Bep^t 
Araautlik [ar-no wt'-lik] : see Albania, I. 344, 

la. 
AENArTS [ar-nowts'] ; see Albania, I. 344, 2 b. 
Aknd, or Amdt, Johann [arnt], theologian, I. 

756. 
Akndt, Ernst Moritz, Gennan patriot, I. 756. 
Arndt, Johann : see Ann d. 
Abbe, Thomas Augustine [arn], composer, I. 

757. 
Amheim, city : see Akkhgu. 
Arnheim,, Johann Oeorg: see Abnim. 
Abnhkm, or Amheim [arn'-hem, -hime], city 

ofHoUand, I. 757. 
Ak'kioa (botany), I. 757. A. montana, 3 b 

(ill.). 



Arntm, or Arnheim, Johann Georg, soldier, I. 

757. 
Aenim, Earl Otto Ludwig von, author, I. 758. 
Abhim, Ladwig Achim (Joachim) von, poet, I. 

758; alluded to. III. 350, 3 be. Elisabeth 

(Bettina) von, writer, 1 o ; alluded to. 111. 

350, 3 b. Gisela von, writer, 2 c. 
Amimb, Dorothea, (or Doris von), allusion to, 

III. 702, 2 c. 
Abno, river of Tuscany, I. 758. 
Abno'bidb, rhetorician, I. 75fl ; 5, 199, 3 ab. 
Abnold, Benedict, traitor, I. 769; X. 97, 1 a. 

James Eobertson, British soldier, 1. 760, 1 c. 
Abnold of Brescia, reli^ons reformer, J. 760; 

181, 2 b. 
AfiNOLn, Christoph [ar'-nolt], astronomer, I. 

760. 
Abnold, Edwin, author, I. 761. 
Absolo, Mattliew, author, I. 761. 
Abnold, Samuel, composer, I. 761. 
Abnold, Thomas, D. D., teacher and historian, 

I. 761. 
Abnold, Thomas Kerchever, clergyman and 

author, I. 763. 
Ar'noldUts, religious sect, I. 760, 2 c. 
Amol'di rUla, I. 757, 3 a (AENnBa). 
AnsoTT, Neil, scientist, I. 762. His hydrosta- 
tic or water bed, II. 445, 2 a. 
Abnocld, Sophie [ar-noo], actress, I. 763. 
Abnsberg [amce'-pairg], town, I. 762. 
Abnstadt [arn'-stfit], town, I. 763. 
Arnswaldb [arnce'-val-deh], town, I. 762. 
Aroe [A-roo'J : see Abroo. 
Abolas, Juan [^-ro'-lfies], Spanish poet^ I. 763. 
Abolben [a'-role-zen], town, I. 763. 
Arcm'ala promonto'riam : see Cape Ghabda- 

Aboos'took, county, I. 763. 

AepId [ar'-pfid], Magyar national hero, I. 763. 

Arpdd dynasty, IX. 55, 3 a. 

Arpent [ar-pS-j, I. 72, 3 o (Aobe). 

Ar'pi, ancient town, VII. 301, 1 a. 

Arpin [ar-pa-'], count of Bourges, H, 581, 1 c. 

Aepino [ar-pe'-no], town of Italy, I. 763. 

Aepino, Giuseppe Ocsari d' : see Oesari. 

Arpinttm ; see Aepino. 

Arqua, or Arquata [ar'-kwa, ar-kwa'-ta], vil- 
lage of Italy, I. 768. House and tomb of 
Petrarch, 1 c. 

Arqvata: see Arqoa. 

Arquebus, or arquebnse, XII. 97, 1 a (ill.); I. 
746, 2 a ; 733, 1 o. Arquebus and serpent, 
511. 97, 1 b (ill.). 

-irjueiuse [ar'-kwe-bus] : see jlrjuefius (Index). 



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AEEABONA 

Arralo'iia, aocient city, XIV. 158, 1 b (Eaab). 

Arracan; eeeAEiOAS. 

ABBiOK', strong apiritaoue liquor, I. T63. 
Made from rice, XIV. 309, 3 be ; from palm 
wine, XIII. 19, 2 e. 

Ar'kan, island, I. 763. 

Akbah, Isles of, I. 763. Antiquities of, 2 c. 

Ahhait, Earl of, title in the Scotch peerage, I. 
TfiS. James HamiltoB, second earl, TBt, 1 
a ; 11. 428, 1 b. James, his son, I. 784, X ab. 
Irish earldom of, 1 h. 

Arram. of the SainU, I. 763, 3 c (Akkas, Isles 
of). 

Ab'eab [Fr. a-rSs], city of France, I, 764. Ta- 
pestries of; 3 c. 

Amu'tra, in gold mining, VIII. 84, I be. 

Abhawaks', or Loko'no, a tribe of Guiana, I. 
764; S VI. 566, 2 c. 

Abbest', in law, I. 764. In civil cases, 3 ab; 
English law, ib. ; in the United States, 2 c ; 
persons exempted from, by constitution, 765, 
1 ab ; rules relating to time and method of, 
1 c; release from, 2 a. la criminal cases, 2 
ab; power to make arrest, 2 b; nature of, 
766, 1 c ; degree of force allowed, 2 a ; right 
of search, 2 b. 

Arret burlesque [i-ro, bUr-Iesk], Boileao's sa- 
tire, 11. 578, 1 b (Beenier). 

Arretium ; see Aekzzo. 

ArrAenathe'Tum avena'eeum (botany), XII. 562, 



i, Philip, king of Macedon, I. 766. 
Ak'eia, Eoraan heroine, I. 767. 
Abbiah (Flavins Arrianns), philosopher and 

historian, I. 767. 
Arrih-e Ian [Fr. a-re-air b&°'], 11. 263, 1 a (Ban). 
ABEivAnKSK, Giovanni, count [ar-re-va-bu'-na], 

economist, I. 767. 
Abboo', Arru, or Aroe [^-roo'], islands, I. 767. 
Arrovi-headed ijiseriptions^ V. 670, 2 c (Cunki- 

roEM Ibsoriptions). 
Arriyaing of sugar eane^ XV. 445, 2 a, 
Arhowboot, I, 767 (ills.). Starch granules 

of West India arrowroot, XV. 317, 3 c (ill., 

318) ; of Brazilian arrowroot (ill.), 318. 
ArrowKood, XVI. 339, 1 c. 
Arru [ax-Too'] : see Arboo. 
Aest see Abs-sitr-Moskllb. 
Arm'ceg, kings of Parthia, XIH. 134, 3 c, ff. 
Ana'eidrs, Parthian dynasty, XIII. 822, 2 a, 

134, 3 c; Arraeaian, I. 723, 2 c, 724, 1 b. 
Absamas : see Arzamas. 
Arsendimethyle, IX. 733, 2 a (Kakodtle). 
Ae'sbbio, I. 768. Metallic properties, I b; 



ARTEMISIA 



51 



as an alloy, 3 a. Arsenious itcid or white 

arsenic, testa for detecting ita presence, 

2 b; manufacture of, 769, 2 a; injurious to 

workmen, 2 be ; where found native, 2 o. 

Use of arsenious acid in medicine, 770, 1 a; 

361, 3 b; VIII. 784, 1 be; habitual use of 

bypeasants'of 8tyria,I. 770, lb. Use of for 

criminal poisoning, 1 be. Antidotes, 1 c. 
Araen'ical iron, I. 769, 3 e, 
Arse'idoua acid (white arsenic) : see Absen'io 

(Index). 
AksikoS [ar-sin'-o-e], name of four celebrated 

women, I. Y70. 
AiiSiHOE, name of two cities in Egypt, I. 771. 

Ancient monastery near one of them, XI. 

738, 3 0. Ancient city of Cyprus, VII. 78, 

1 b ; of Egypt, VII. 103, 2 h. 
Arsinoi, daughter of Phegeus, I. 263, 2 b. 
Artiti'oite nome, ancient Egypt, VII. 102, 2 b. 
Ars LuUiana, logical machine, X, 713, 1 be. 
Ars Magna, Jerome Cardan's : see Aloebka, 

I. 301, 2 c. 
Ars Magna, Raymond Lniiy's: see Ars Lvl- 

liana (Indes). 
Arsok, I. 771. In English law, 1 c ; in United 

States, 2 a. 
AES-suE-MosaLLB [ar-stir-mo-zSI], town, I. 773. 
Art, early Christian, XII. 793, 2 bo. Christian, 

works on ; see Bock, Franz. 
Art, iearki of, saved from destruction during 

the first French revolution, X. 841, 3 b 

(I-ENoiB, Alexandre). 
Ar'ta, Turkish town, I. 772. See Ambeacia. 
Abtaba'ntis, assassin of Xerxes, I. 772. 
Artabanui I., king of Parthia, SIII. 135, 1 b. 

A. II., 3 b. A. IV., 136, 3 c. 
Aetaba'zits, two Persian generals, I. 772. 
Arta'bri, an ancient people, referred to, VII. 






56, la 



r Artasias, king of Ariaenia, I. 723, 



Aetas'ata, ancient city, I. 773. 

Aetaxbbx'es, name of three kings of Persia, 
I. 773. A. Longimanus, 1 b. A. Mneraon, 
1 be. A. Oohus, 2 a. 

Artax'ias, king ol Armenia, I. 723, 2 c ; 773, 1 a. 

Artedi [ar-ta'-de], (Peter, 1705-'35), his classi- 
fication of fishes, IX. 159, 1 be. 

AETEuino'ROS OF EpHEaBS, geographer, I. 773. 

As'tkmis : see Diana. 

Aetesusia [ar-te-mish'-a], qnoen of Halicar- 
nasBus, I. 773. Wife and successor of Mau- 
solns, 2 b. 

Artemisia (botany), I, 773. Various species, 



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52 AETEMISIUM 

3 0. A. dracunculus, iS., and XV. 573, 3 a. 
A, maritima (var. Stechmanniana), XVI. 
730, 3 c (Ul.). A. absinthium, 731, 1 c (ill.) ; 
I. 34, 1 b. 

ABTBsnsiUM, I. 774. Naval battle of the 
Greeks and Persians, 1 a. 

ArWmiui (Anaatasius), emperor, I, 458, 1 c. 

Arterava Ward, pseudonjme. III. 344, 2 b. 

Arte'rtal tahea, VIII. 658, 1 a. 

Ak'tebt, I. 774, Structure of, 491, 1 c (Ah- 
edbism). See Ciecitlatios, IV. 606, 3 b ; 
607, 2 b ; 610, 1 a. Twisting of, I. 443, 
1 c ; first introdnced, 447, 1 o. 

Art^Han boring tmls, I. 778 (ills.) ; in opera- 
tion (ill.), 779, 1 a ; simplest (ill.), 1 o ; tools 
for extracting obstructions (ill.), 3 a. 

Aetesias Wells, I. 7T4 (ilia.). Origin of the 
name, 3 ah. Pirat artesian well, X. 470, 2 a. 
Principle of, I. 775, 1 a ; supply from, i6, ; 
increase of temperature in, 1 b ; hot springs, 
1 be. WeU at GreneDe, 3 a ; at Pasay, 2 b ; 
at Kissingen, 776, 1 a; in the desert of Sa- 
hara, ib. ; at Bourne, Eng., 1 b ; in the Con- 
tinental hotel, Philadelphia, iS. ; at Point of 
Eocks, Wyo., 1 be ; in the Llano Estacado, 
1 e ; in Alabama, 329, 3 h ; at St. Louis, 77S, 
3 a; at Loaisrille, Ky., 8 b; at Charleston, 
S. C, i6. ; at Onarga, 111., 777, 1 a ; Chicago 
wells, lb; in New York city, 1 bo. Methods 
of boring, 3 a ; in China, S ab ; in the Penn- 
sylvania oil region, 2 be. Accidents in bo- 
ring, 779, 1 c. Drill invented by Goulet- 
Coilet, 2 b. Negative wells, 2 c. 

Aetevelde, Jacob van [ar'-tfib-vel-deh], Flem- 
ish leader, I. 780. Philip van, 1 c. 

ArtliTal'gia, lead (lead poisoning), X. 247, 1 c. 

AiiTnBi'Tra, inflammation of the joints, I. 780. 

ATthTocot'cut, in lacteous fermentation, VII. 
146, 1 a (ill.). 

Abthtie, legendary hero, I. 781 ; X. 138, 1 a. 

Arthur, duke of Brittany (Prince Arthur), IX. 
648, 2 b and ; 649, 1 a and b. 

Anrnra, Timothy Shay, author, I. 781. 

AnTniTH, William, clergyman and author, 1.781. 

Arthur Dudley, pseudonyme. III. 480, 2 b. 

Arthur's qugifa : see Cbomlech. 

Arthur^ round table, I. 781, 1 bo; III. 640, 
3 a (ill.), (Caeru:on) ; XVI. 655, 2 c. 

ArthurU Seat, VI. 405, I e (Edinburoh). 

Artiads (ehemical), II. 89, 1 a; IV. 371, 1 bo; 
XL 585, 1 b ; XIL 479, 1 b. 

Ab'tichokb, I. 781. Globe artichoke (ill), 
783. Jerusalem artichoke, 1 bo ; tuber (ill.), 
a. Canada or Virginia potato, 1 e. 



ARYAN 

Article, Arabic, I. 227, 2 a. 

Article) of Smaleald, X. 728, 3 ab. 

Ahtioula'ta, I. 782 ; IX. 335, 1 b, 2 a. 

Artic'ulates, eyes of, VII. 47, 2 ab. 

ABTicrLATios (anatomy), I. 783 (ills.). 

Art'^ieial gems, VIL 664, 3 b; manufactory 
of, 666, a a. 

Artificial horizon, VIII. 816, 2 c. 

Abti&as, Jos6 [ar-tt-'-gSss], South American 
general, I. 784. 

Abtil'leky, 1. 784. Illustrations : early Eng- 
lish cannon, 785 ; bombard, ib. ; mortar, ib. ; 
Coehorn mortar, 786 ; gun carriage, 789 ; 
Dahlgren gun, 790; thirteen-inch mortar, 
701 ; field sii-pounder smooth-bore bronze 
gun, iS. ; Armstrong gun, 793 ; Whitworth 
gun, ib. ; Eriipp gun, 794 ; Bodman gun, 
795 ; Parrott gun, 796 ; Gatling gun, 797. 

ArtillerymeTi, patron saint of, 11. 397, 3 b. 

Artillery tchool. United States, XI. 538, 1 e ; 
XI iL 638, 1 3. 

Aetiodaottles [ar-te-o-dak'-tils], (zoology), I. 
797; XVL 111, la. 

jlj-tofftir'p««5rasjiien'*ts (botany), III. 224, 1 c. 
A. incisB, 234, 1 b. A. integrifolia, 1 b, 3 c. 

AsTOis [ar-twS], province, I. 797. Origin of 
the name; see Ateebatbs. Count of: see 
Chaeleb X. (of France), IV. 388, 1 a. 

Abtot, Joseph [ar-to], violinist, I. 798. 

Artoxerxes: see ABTiSERXEa. 

Art unions, held to be lotteries, X. 648, 3 a. 

Arugan', East Indian deity, IX. 508, 1 ab, 

Arukh [fl-rook'J (dictionary), of Nathan ben 
Jehiel, referred to, IV. 231, 1 c (Chaldeb 
Lanotiaoe), 

A'rum oordifo'lium (botany), VIL 807, 1 be. 
A. eaculentam, VIIL 526, 3 b. A. macu- 
latum, XVI. 423, 3 b. 

Arun'da : see Eonba. 

An'rNDBt, Thomas Howard, earl of, I. 798, 

Abundelian Mabrles ; see Aeusdel, Thoruas 
Howard. 

Abtjndell, Blanch, English heroine, I. 799, 

Arundel loeiety, I. 798, 2 c, 

Arundina'ria maerosper'nui (botany), III. 701, 
1 o (ill.) i XIIL 48, 1 b. 

Arun'dc phragmi'tei (botany), XIV. 340, 3 b. 

Ar'vad, ancient city, T. 627, 3 be, 

Arvic'ola (zoOlogy), XL 811, 2 c. A, riparia, ib. 

Aewidssoh, Adolf Ivar [ar'-vids-son], Swedish 
poet, L 799, 

Arx, citadel of Eonie, JII, 756, 1 a, 

Aryan languages of India, IS. 316, 2 a. 

Ab'yan Eacs Atjn Lanocage, I. 799. Deriva- 



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tion of the term Aryan, 1 bo. Priuoipal 
branches, 1 c. Proofs of relationship, 2 a, 
and 801, 3 b. Primitive structure of the !an- 
gnage, 799, 2 c; changea in stracture, 800, 
1 c Original Aryan race, 2 h, and VII. 
7Sr, 1 c; dispersion and migration, I. 801, 
1 b ; grade of kinship between different 
branchea, 1 be ; subordinate branches, 1 c ; 
supplanting of other races, 2 a; mixture 
with aboriginal races, iS. Evidence of a, 
unity of race and language among the differ- 
ent branches, 2 b. Historical importance 
of the Aryans, 2 c. 

Aryan* in India, IS. 318, 1 c, fi. 

Aryhallog, Egyptian (ill.), XIII. 7T9. 

Aryo-Eomanic race, VI. T59, 2 b. 

Abzachel, Abraham [ar-thS-ciiail'], Jewiah 
astronomer of Spain, I. 802. 

Abzimas', or Arsamaa, Russian town, I. 803. 

As, Roman weight and coin, 1. 802 ; XL 738, 1 ft. 

As, or Asa, mythical, I. 802 ; XII. 120, 1 a. 

A'sA, king of Judah, I. 802 ; VIII. 588, 2 a. 

Aeabs, sections of the Koran, S. 45, 1 a. 

AsiFcariDA [as-a-fet'-e-da], I. 802 (ill.). 

A'sipn, a Levite and psalmist, I. 802. " Chil- 
dren of Asaph," 2 b. 

A^apliui eauda'tu* (zoOlogy), XV. 868, 2 ab. 

Am race, in northern mythology, SlI. 130, 1 a. 

Aearadi'nu*, in Ptolemy's Canon, VI. 723, 1 c 

(ESAEHADDOS). 

At'arum (botany), XV. 130, 2 c. A. OaJia- 

donse, ib. (ill, 181). 
AsBEN, in Africa : see Am (oasis). 
Asbes'tus, mineral, I. 803 ; VIII. 82], 1 h. 
As'bury, Francis, Methodist bishop, I. 80S ; 

XI. 454, 3 b, ff. 
A»calabo'tm (zoology), VII. 656, 1 a. 
Assidabotea (zoology), of Aristotle, Vil. 656, 

Ic. 
As'cALOH, city of Philistia, I. 803. 
AscAHiDES [as-kfir'-e-deez], (entozoa), I. 808; 



VI. I 



i, 1 0, 



Aa'earia Ivmbritoi'dei (entozoa), I. 804, 1 a; 

VI. 668, 1 c (ill., 2 b). A. verraicnlaris, I. 

804, 1 a ; VI. 669, 1 a (ill.). 
AflCHN'flioN, parish of Lonisiana, I. 804. 
Ateeiaion, riffht (astronomy), how found, XV. 

843, la; 845, 1 a. 
AacBHSioN Day, I. 804. 
AsCBBsios Island, 8. Atlantic ocean, I. 804. 
AseemioTts, balloon, for scientific purposes: see 

AEeonatttics, I. 147, 1 a, and Gay-Lcssao, 



vn. ( 

Atcenmts, II. S 



1, Ih. 



2 a (BADme). 



ASHBUETON 53 

Ascet'icitm : see MosAcniSM. Hindoo, IX. 227, 

Ic. 
Atcetici, XI. 728, 2 ab. 
Ascn [fish], town of Bohemia, I. 804. 
AscHAFFESBCHa [il-sh&f' -fec-hoorg], city of Ba- 
varia, I. 804. 
AscnAM, Roger [as'-kam], scholar, I. 804. In- 
structor of Elizabeth, afterward c[ueen, in 

Greek and Latin, VI. 531, 1 b. 
AscnBitsLEBBN[Mi'-erce-la-ben], Prussian town, 

1.804. 
Asci (botany), of fungi, VIL 529, 1 c, and 533, 

1 ah ; of lichens, X. 409, 1 c. 
Atdd'ia (botany), S. 367, 1 c ; XIIL 647, 1 c. 
AsoiDiAKS : see Mollttscoids, SI. 724, 2 c. 
Ai«ites [as-si'-teez], VI. 266, 1 h (Deopsy). 
Asclepi'ada, or Asclepiades, race of, I. 163, 

la; XL S46, 1 b; XV. 485, 3 b. 
AscLBPiABES [as-kle-pi'-a-deez], Greek phy£ 

cian, I. 805. His treatment of insanity, IS, 

397, 1 b. 
Asele'piM (botany), SI. 545. A. Oomuti, 546, 

J a (ill., 545). A. variegata, 546, 1 a (ilL). 

A. gigantea vel procera, I. 601, 1 c. 
AscoLi [fis'-ko-le], city of Italy, I. 805. 

coli Piceno [pe-cha'-no], province, lb. 

eoli di Satriano [de s&-tre-a'-no], town, ih. 
Ascomyce'tea, order of fungi, VII. 532, 1 ah. 
As'coT Heath, race course, I. 805. Annual 

meeting, 1 c 
Aacofricka. [as-ko-tii'-ka], fungus, XL 535, 2 a. 
As'eough : see Askbw. 
A^culum Apu'lum, ancient town, I. 805, 1 b 

(ASCOLI). 

Asdniial : see Hasdbubal. 

Ahelli, or Asellio, Gasparo [S-sel'-le, -le-o], 
Italian anatomist, I. 805. 

Aafi [as'-fe] : see Safm. 

Aa'gard, XH. 120, 1 a (MTTnoLOGTl. 

AsaiiL, John [as'-ghil], English lawyer and 
writer, L 806. 

Astr, forest tree, L 805. Genera and species 
of, 1 0, ff. Mountain ash (ill.), 806, 1 e. Oak- 
leayed mountain ash fill.), 3 h. 

Ash, John, English clergyman, I. 807. 

Aeh of planti, constituents of, I. 194, 1 c, 3 a. 

Ashangi [^-shta'-ghe], lake of Abyssinia, I. 
167, 2 b. 

AenABTBB', a savage kingdom of Africa, I. 807. 

Aeh leds (of copper ore), V. 833, 1 c. 

Asn'BUEXOif, Alexander Baring, baron, I. 807. 
Ashbnrton treaty, 2 c. William Bingham 
Baring, Lord Ashburton, 808, 1 ah. Fran- 
cis, ih. Alexander Ilugh, ib. 



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54 ASHBUETON 

Athhvrton, Lord : see Dokninq, Jolin, VI. 
318. 

AsHBT i)B lA Zouon: [ash'-be del-a zoosh], 
town of England, I. 808. Remains of castle 
in which Queen Mary was imprisoned, 1 h. 

Ase'DOD, eitj of Palestine, I. 808. 

Ashe, county, I. 808. 

Ashe, John, revolntionary officer, I. 808. 

AsHBE, I. 808. Tribe of; 3 b. 

Ash'era, or Asherah, a goddess, II. 7, 1 b ; 
Xn. 109,2 a; XIII. 420, la. 

Ashes, II. 5. Shower of (volcanic), 2 c. Vol- 
canic ash, 6, 1 b. Hardwood ashes, tendency 
to ignite in heaps, V. 138, 1 bfSpoNTAHEOirs 

CoMBTTSnON), 

Abhfoed, town of England, II. fi. 

Ashhenasim, division of Jews, IX. C19, 1 ah. 

Ash'labd, two oonnties, II. 6. 

AsHLBY, county, II. 6. 

Ashley, Baron : see Shaftkbbcey, XIV. 608, 3 h. 

AMey river, TV. 314, 1 h. 

Aihleyh ferry, XVI. 13, 1 c (Trot). 

Aahtaogh, the two-forked, in Persian demon- 
ology, V. 733, 3 c. 

AsHMOXE, Elias, English antiquary, II. S. 

Ashmo'Uan museum, XII, 763, 3 a. See Ash- 
mole, Elias. 

Ash'mhn, Jehudi, II. C. See Colonization 
Society, V. 91, 3 b. 

Ashed, or Ashot, name of two kings (Armenia 
and Georgia), II. 217, 1 c. 

AsHTABc'iA, connty, II. 7. 

Aihtaroth: see Ashtoreth. 

JsSferoiS JToj-najjJi, Semitic goddeBS,Xn. 118, 
1 ft. City of Palestine, IT. 7, 1 o. 

AsnTos-DSKEE-LYNE, towu of England, II. 7. 

Ash'toekts, Semitic goddess, II. 7. Phceni- 
dan representations of, 1 h. 

AaH Wbdnesbay, in the church calendar, II. 7. 

Asia [a'-sha], II. 7. (Map.) Extent and con- 
formation, 1 a. Mountain ranges, e, 1 a. Snr- 
face, 3 b. Hydrography, 9, 1 c Deserts, 10, 

, 2 a, 0]imate,.3 b. Minerals, 11, 1 ah. Volca- 
noes, 1 he. Flora, 1 0. Zo61ogy, 13, 1 c. 
Population, 13, 1 b. Religions, 3 a. Political 
inatitntions, 3 b; divisions, 14, 1 a. Cradle 
of the race, of the groat religions move- 
ments, and of empires, 1 b. History, ii. 

Abiago [fi-ae-S'-go], town of Italy, II. 16. 

Asia Minob, II, 16. Map of ancient Asia 
Minor, ii. Boundaries, 1 a. Physical fea- 
tures, t8. Climate, I c. Early inhabitants, 
ih. Divisions, 3 c. History, 17, 1 be. 

Adat'ie iociety of Bengal^ IX. 6S1, 1 ah. 



ir Ayscongh, Anno, English 
d martyr, II. 17. 



ASPINWALL 

As'ilui (entomology), VI. 193, 3 c. 

Aaim'ina triUi'ha (botany), XIII, 44, 1 a (ills.). 

AsiNAis, Indian tribe, II. 17. 

Asinel'H, the (leaning tower of Bologna), III. 

18, 1 a (ill.) ; 661, 2 b. 
Aa'inut (zoology): seeA88,QDAc:GA, and Zebra. 
AaWium : see Assisi. 
As'kew, Asoough, { 

Protestant lady a; 
Asi:ev>, bibliomaniac, II. 623, 1 be. 
AsMANNSHArsEN [Sss'-mftuce-liow-zen], Prus- 
sian vUlage, II. 17. Wine of, 2 c, and VII. 

774, 2 a. 
AsMon.s;'us, or Asmodi, evil demon, II. 17. 
Asmo'di : see AsMOD.Etrs. 
Asmone'ans, or Ilasmoneans, Jewish priestly 

and princely family, II. il7. Last of the As- 

monean princes, I. 663, 2 a; 
Asmua [flss'-moos] : see CLAuoiua, Matthias. 
AsNiiRES [J-nyair], village of France, II. 18. 
Aso'prs, two rivers, II, 18. River god, 1 b. 
Asp, II. 18 (ill.). Asp of Cleopatra, 1 c, and 

5VI. 368, 1 e-^2 a. 
Aspada'na : see Jspahain. 
As'par, Byzantine minister, and Arian leader, 

X. 349, 2 c; 860, 1 a. 
Aspak'astis, II. 18 (ill.). Culture, 19, 1 b. 
Affparaaas [as-pa-r&'-sas], in Hindoo mythology, 

IS. 234, 3 b. 
Aspa'sia, II. 19. Her relation to Pericles, 1 c. 
A»pad'aea, Scythian tribe, IX. 831, 1 b. 
As'PEN : see Poplar, XIII. 712, 1 b ; 713, 1 he. 
Aspergil'lvi, fungus, VII. 633, 2 a. 
Ab'pebn ak» Ess'lisg, n. 19. Battle of, 2 b. 

Duke of Esaling (Massfina), 2 o. 
AspkaW : see Asphaltum, and Pavement, 

XIII. 193, 1 b, ff. Mastic of, S ah. Asphalt 

mixture, 194, 1 a. 
Aiphal'tme, II. 30, 1 a (Asphaltum). 
Asphalti'tes La'cus : see Dead Sea. 
Asphai.'tum, or Asphalt, II. 19. Artificial 

asphaltum, 30, 2 bo. 
As'pHODEL, ornamental plant, II. 31 (ill.). 
Asphode'lut (botany), II. 31, 1 a. A. luteus, 

ib. A. ramosuB (ill.), 1 b. 
AsPHTi'iA, imperfect or suspended respiration, 

II. 31. In medical jurisprudence, XI. 840, 

1 be, 2 a; 341, 1 b and c. Heat or solar 

asphyxia: see Sukstroke. 
A^idWeina, animalcules, I. 515, 1 e. 
Atpid'iumjaix-mat (botany), XI. 63, 2 b. 
A^id<me(fte» (zoSlogy), XV. 810, 2 a. 
Aapidorhyn'ehm, fossil fish, VII. 616, 2 a (ill). 
As'piNWALt., or Colon, city of Colombia, II. 21. 



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ASPIRATION 

Aspiration, an operation in heart disease, VIII. 
561, 2 h. 

Asp'lahd, Robert, clorgjman, II. 21. 

A»pU'nium (botanj), VII. 150, 2 b. A. Inoi- 
dum (ill.), 151, 2 c. A. rhizophjllum, XVI. 
430, 3 ab. 

Aspra Spitia, site of Anticyra, I. 560, I b. 

Atpr^do, fish, mode of hatching its eggs, VII. 
239, 3 b. 

Aspeomoh'tb, moantain in Italy, II. 22. Bat- 
tle of, ih. 

Asphopot'amo ; see Achblous. 

Abs, II. 23. Wild ass, 1 b (ill.). Domestic 
do., 1 c, fl. (ill.). White asaes, snpposed an- 
cient breed, 3 ah. Hybrids, 33, 1 a. Mule 
and hinny, 1 h. 

Assab', or Saba, bay of the Red sea, II. 23. 

Ailtahet, river, VIII. 535, 2 c; 536, 1 a. 

Ajsaam', province of .British India, IL 33. As- 
sam tea company, 3 b. 

Amami [aa-sa-nie'], or Assamese language, IX. 
216, 2 c; 318, 1 a. 

AssAs'siBS, secret political society, II. 24. 
Origin of the name, 3 c Existing remnants 
of, 26, 1 a. 

Assault', in law, 11. 26. A^ravated, 3 b. 

AssiYi, or Assye [aa-si'], rillage of IlinSostan, 
hatUe at, II. 36. 

AesATiNG (chemiatry), It. 26. Wet method, 
38, 1 0. 

Ai» ietween tv>o iundles of liay (logical impo- 
tence of tli6 will): see Bueidan, IIL 465. 

AssEtYM, Jan [as'-sEh-line], painter, snrnamed 
Krabbetje, II. 39. 

AssEMAsi {aa-sa-rai'-no], name of a family of 
orientalista, II. 39. Joseph Simon, 3 b. 
Stepbau Evodius, 3 he. Joseph Alojsius, 
2 a Simon, 30, 1 a. 

Amtmlly of notables (France), VII. 384, 2 c ; 
SV. 334, 1 b. 

As'sEN, town of the Netherlands, II, 30. 

AssEB, or Asaerius Menevensis, monk, II. 30. 

Asser, M., his transfer process ia lithography, 
X. 539, 1 ab. 

Agstfriii* Meaenen'iia : see Asbbk. 

A^ea,feii»t of, IV. 554, 1 a. 

Auea^menU,, local taxes, XV. 590, 1 a. 

Aa'seU, in bookkeeping. III. 80, 2 a. 

Aa'shuT, son of Shem, II. 33, I c. Assyrian 
deity, 33,2 a; 86, 3 c. Ancient city, 34, 1 a. 

A^hur-ahh-iddm, of the Assyrian inscriptions, 

VI. rs8, 1 0. 

AmhuT-bani-pal {Sardanapalus !), II. 36, 1 c, 
2 a. Caneiform inscriptions relating to, V. 



576, 3 c (ill., 577). Referred to, XIV. 6S1, 

1 ah. 
Asekv-r-emU-Uin, H. S6, 3 b ; SIV. 631, 1 ah 

(Sa eo anapal cs). 
Assliv/r-idanni-pal (Sardanapalas), II. 88, 3 c ; 

34, 1 c. 
Asshur-izir-pal, It, 84, 1 bo. 
Auhur-likhith, XIV. 631, 1 b. 
Auhur-luJch-Jeh-aah, XIV. 631, 1 h. 
AssAur-lu»h, XIV. 631, 1 b. 
AMfmr-naair'pal, II. 34, 1 be 
AssAvr-tanaghal, XIV. 631, 1 h. 
Amde'aiit, Jewish party, XIII. 381, 3 b. 
Assikn'to, name of treaties respecting the 

slave trade, II. 30. 
Assignations, Russian paper money, II. 80. 
Assign ATS [as-se-nyA], French revolutionary 

paper currency, II, 80 (ill.), 
Assigh'mknt, in law, II. 31. Underlease, 1 ah ; 

X. 369, 2 b. 
" Amgna " not iweesiary to le added in a deed, 

VII. 108, 2 bo. 
Asaitiiilation, in digestion, VI. 104, 2 a. 
As'siNa, Rosa Maria, poetess, II. 31. Ludmilla, 

her daughter, 1 c 
Aminiboi'a, territory, XI. 114, 2 a. 
Assin'iboin, river, II, 81. 
AssiNTOOiss, tribe of Indiana, II. 31 ; XII. 503, 

3 a. Bed Stone do., H. 82, 1 a. 
Auinipwalah, Algonquin name of the Assini- 

hoins, II. 31, 2 c. 
Aaawe* de Jerusalem [as-seez dUh zha-rh-z5- 

laim], feudal code, XIV. 233, 1 c, 
Aasiai [aa-se'-ze], town of Italy, II. 33. 
AssiM, Aitdrea di : see Lcisi, Andrea di. 
Assistaneies, of tho order of Jesuits, IX. 637, 



Aisistanta: 



salero, S 
Ataociatio 
Asauan: i 
AssuAT ; see 
AsstTMp'siT, i 
assitmption, 
Assumption, 
Assumption, 



see OoNNECTicuT, V. 360, 3 c ; 

33. Writ of (or writ of right), 
ize of bread, 3 h. Assizes of Jem- 
Fourier's plan of, VII. 354, 2 a. 
I AsswAN. 

in law, II. 33. 
festival of the, II, 33. 
pai'ish of Louisiana, n. 33. 
city : see AeuMcioir. 
island, Ladrone group, II. 38. 
see Insuhanoe. 
XIV. 631, 1 



AasuHANCE r 

AaswAN, or Assuan [as-swiln'], town of Egypt, 



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56 A88YE 

Asej/e: see Ass ate. 

AsaiB'iA, II. 33. In its earlier limited sense, 
S &; Inter and widest extent, 2 ab. Chro- 
nology of Berosus, 2 b. Legends, 3 c. Old- 
eat native document, ib. ; historical devel- 
opment from this and other sources, 34, 1 a. 
Assyrian race, 86, 3 a; scientific eminence, 
37, 1 c. Assyrian religion and divinities, 
36, 3 c. 

At'tacas JluviaU'lia (zo&logj), V. 463, 2 c; ill., 
46i. A. affinis, 2 b. A, Bartonii, ib. 

Aa'ta Pompeia [pom-p6'-ja] ; see Asti. 

Asta Ssffia, ancient city, IX. 606, 2 ab. 

Astae'te: see Ashtobbth, and XII, 118, 1 a. 

Aatasia'af animalcules, I. 515, 1 b. 

Astat'ic galvanom'eter, VII. 593, 1 b (ill). 

AatatieneedU, in galvanism, VII. 593, 1 a, 

As'tbk (botany), II. 37. China aster, 2 a, 88, 

1 a (ill., 37). 

Aster, Ernst Ladwig von, military engineer, 
II. 38. Karl Heinrieh von, soldier and an- 
ther, 1 c. 

Astekasad; see Art rasa d. 

Aite'ria, island, V. 783, 2 ab. 

Abtb'kias : see Stae Fish. 

Asterim, caterpillar, IV, 106, I b (il),). 

As'tekoids, II. 88. Number of, 2 c. See 
Planet, XIII. 56S, 1 a, 2 a; 571, 2 a. Dis- 
coveries of by Hind, VIII, 73T, 2 b ; by 
Peters, SIII. 356, 1 b ; by Watson, XVI. 

2 b. Leverrier's theory of their distribution 
and mass, X. 879, 2 e. 

Aslerol'epU, fossil fish, VII, 610, 2 b. 

Asthma [ast'-raa or az'-ma], difficulty of respi- 
ration, II. 39. Treatment of, 2 b. 

Asti [Ss'-te], city of Italy, II. 39. Republic 
of, *5. "Wine of, IX, 467, 2 o, 

AsTife, Jean Fr6d6ric [Ss-tja], author, II. 39, 

Astit/matism (of the eye), XV. 237, 1 c. 

Ailil'le Japon'ica (botany), XV, 375, 1 b. 

Ast'let, Philip, eqaeatrian, II. 89. 

Abtol'phps, king of the Lombards, II. 40. 

As'toma grylla'ria (entomology), XIV. 374, 1 b, 

AsTOE, John Jacob, II, 40. Hia operations in 
the fur trade, 1 be VII, 636, 1 a. See As- 

TOn LiBHAEY, 

AitoT^ William B. : see Astob Library, 
Abtoe'oa, city of Spain, IJ, 40. 
AsTOEflA, Emmannele d', composer, II, 40. 
Asto'bia, town of Oregon, II. 40. 
A»torw,, Long Island, X. 626, 3 c. 
Astok Libeart, II. 41, 

AstoT place rtoU, X. 607, 2 b. Referred to, 
Vir, 323, 2 a ; XIL 408, 1 b. 



ASYLUM 

Astrabad', province, II, 41. Town, 2 c, 

Ast/rachan : see AsTEAKnAK. 

Astb^'a, genus of radiates, II. 42, A. pallida, 

V. 339, 2 c Oil.). Astnoa dome, 340, 2 ah, 
AatTo^'alut or cochal Ime, VIH. 825, 2 ab. 
Asteakhan', province, IT, 42. Town, 1 c. 
Aatrakhanidea [as-tra-kS'-nidz], central Asian 

dynasty, II. 799, 3 b. 
Astrakhan lamh, fnr of, VII, 539, 2 b. Its 

paws used as a substitute for the tail of the 

ermine, 537, 1 c. 
Astrakhans, skins, VI, 776, 3 c. 
Astral lamp, X, 129, 1 c. 
Astral light, X. 846, 2 a (Magic). 

AsTEDfOEBTS, II. 42. 

Abtrol'oot, II. 43. Its early development, 

43, 1 a. Method of procedure, 1 b. 
AttroTutm'ieal day : see Day, 
AstronomiBol tables, of Alfonso X., 1, 296, 1 e. 
AsTBOs'oMT, II, 43. Clialdean, 2 a ; Indian, 

2 ab ; Egyptian, 2 b ; Chinese, 44, 1 a; Greek, 

1 b; Alexandrian, 1 c; Ptolemaic, 2 a; 

Arabian, 2 b ; European, ib. Kepler's laws, 

45, 1 ab. Speetroaeopio analysis, 46, 2 c. 
Aitroph'yton (ichthyology), XII, 644, 1 b. A. 

Agassizii (ill.), ib. 
AsTBiJO, Jean [iis-truk], physician and author, 

n. 47. 
Astulphus : see Abtolpdus. 
Astuaiga, Lope de [JLs-too'-nye-ga] ; aee NuSkz, 

Eernan. 
A$'tur (ornithologj), VIII. 12!, 2 a. A, atri- 

capillos, 2 b (ill.). 
Asturias [ds-too'-re-fisa], former province of 

Spain, IL 47. Kingdom of, 48, 1 a. Pricco 

of (title), 1 ab. 
Astu'riea Augus'ta : see Astoeoa, 
Ae'ty, npper town of Athens, II. 59, 1 ab (ill,). 
Abttaoeb [as-ti'-a-jeoz], last king of Media, 

11,48. 
AauAT, or Aznay [S-swI'], department of Ecua* 

dor, II. 48. Desert of, 1 b. 
Asitbciob [A-soon-tho-OBn^, or Assumption, 

capital of Paraguay, II. 48 (ill.). 
Asiirahac'ea, plant, XV. 181, 1 a. 
Amroi, the [S-aoo'-ras], in BnddMsm, II. 159, 

1 b; V. 793, 2 a; IX. 224, 1 a; 226, 3 a. 

In the Persian ayatem, V. 793, 2 b, 
Asy'lum, II. 49. In heathen temples, 1 ab ; 

VI. 678, 1 c. In Christian churches, con- 
vents, &c., II, 49, 1 bo. Restrictions of, 1 e. 
Sanctuary, right of, 3 a. Right of, possessed 
by ambassadors, papal attempts to curtMl, 
IX. 289, 1 b, 3 a. 



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ASYMPTOTE 



mathematics, II. 49. 

Atacama [ii-ta-kiL'-ma], department of Bolivia, 
II. 49, Province of Chili, 3 e. Desert of, 
ib., and 50, 1 a; TV. 425, 1 be; 426, 1 be. 

Atac'amiU, mineral, IV. 501, S a; V. 319, 2 a. 

Ataci'nii*: see Vahho, Publius Terentias. 

Atahuallpa, or Atabalipa [&-ta-wfll'-pa, -ba- 
le'-pa], inea of Peru, II. 50 ; III. 559, 1 a. 

Atalab'ta, mjtliioal, 11. 50. 

Atar'gatu, goddess, SII. 117, S be ; 118, 1 be. 

Atasco'sa, ooanty, II. 50. 

AiAtrAt [S-tow'-i], Hawaiian Islands : see 

Ataiti/phps, or Ataulf, king of tlie Visigoths, 

II. 50. 
Ataxia, progressive locomotor, XV. 270, 1 c. 
Atayde, CataHna de [&-t!'-da], III. 658, 1 b 

(OamoBus). 
Atbaba [at-b&'-ra], river: see Nile, XII. 449, 

3ab. 
Atchafalaya [fltoh-a-fa-li'-ja], river and ba- 
you, II. 61. 
Atoh'isojj, two counties, II. 51. 
Atchisoit, city, II. 51. 
Atohisow, David E., II. 51 ; IX. 7S5, 1 a. 
A'tg, Greek divinity, II. 51 ; V. 794, 1 c. 
Atelm [at'-e-Ieez], (zoSlogy), XI. 750, 3 c. 
Atel'la, ancient town, II. 51. Atellanas fabu- 

Iffl (ludi Osci), 2 c. 
Atendt: see Atnahs. 
AtesA'gahSf shrines of the Gnebres, II. 

2 a. 
Ates'le: see Este, 
Ateuehm [a-tu'-kns], (zoology), XIV. 663, 

A. .<Egyptiornm, 664, 1 a (ill.). 
Ath, or Mi\ [fit], city of Belgium, II. 50. 
Athabas'oa, or Athapescow, lake, II. 52. Biv- 



ATHENS 



57 



-,1b 



:. 791, . 



Atkaoascas, family of American Indians, II. 

52. 
Atha bbn Hakem [^'-ta ben hfi'-kem], or Al- 

bakem ibn Atta, II. 61. Mokanna, the veiled 

prophet of Moore's poem, 52, 1 a. 
Athal'aHe, king of the Ostrogoths, I. 374, 1 

IX. 728, l,a. 
Athali'ah, queen of Jndah, II. 52. 
Ath'ama9, in Greek legends, II. 53; IX. 437, 

2 b. 
ATnA Kkuk, Ala cd-Din [&'-ta mii'-lik], Pi 

sian historian and statesman, II. 53. 
Athasa'siah Creed, II. 62. 
Athanasius, Saint, II. 53. On monachism, SI. 

729, 3 a. 
Athapescout: see ATnABAacA. 



jEtheling [eth'-e-ling] : see Anglo-Saxons, I. 
499, 2 ab, c. 

A'tkeUt, the, surname of Aetins, I. 154, 2 c, 

Ath'elnet, Isle of, II. 53 ; III. 382, 1 a. 

Athelstan, first who called himself king of 
the English, II. 58. Crowned king of the 
Anglo-Sasons, 2 c. Bis encouragement of 
commerce and learning, 54, 1 a. His mint 
and currency regulations, XI. 616, 1 c, and 
738, 1 0. 

Athb'ka : see Mineeva. 

AthencB'um, the, club, London, X. 607, 3 c. 
Periodical, VI. 109, 3 b, 110, 1 a; XIII. 

ATHBN.a;iis, Greek writer, II. 54. 

Athbnas'oeab, Greek philosopher, II. 54. 

Athena'h: see Etjdocia, VI. 770, 2 c, and 
Athenb, II. 57, 1 c. 

Athe'na Proia'achus, statue of, II. 64, lb; 
Xm. 387, 2 c. 

Athena Pronee'a, temple of, V. 785, 2 o. 

Athe'ne (ornithology), XII. 755, I e. A. cuni- 
cnlaria, 2 a (ill.). A. hypogtea, tS. 

Athenian criminal code. III. 754, 1 c, ff. ; legis- 
lation and judicial procedure, V. 6, 1 a. 

^^ Athenian Letten:" see Yorkb, Charles. 

Atheni'nm, bird owls, XH. 756, 1 b. 

Ath'ess, II, 54. Name, 2 h. Early legends 
and history, 2 a. Constitution of Solon, 55, 
a by Clisthenes, 2 a. Mili- 
and troops, 2 b; I. 788, 
Athenian hegemony after 
II. 55, 3 c. Defences, 65, 
1 Thehan supremacy after 
the Peloponnesian war, 1 o; VIII. 195, 1 b; 
thirty tyrants, ib. Macedonian period, II. 
56, 2 a. Under the Romans, 67, 1 a. Estab- 
lishment of Christianity, 1 c. Frankish rule, 
2 a. Turkish conquest, 2 b. War of inde- 
pendence, 58, 1 a. — General description of 
ancient Athens, 2 c, ff. Ancient population, 
64, 1 b; government, 1 c; religion, 2 bo; 
private life, 3 c. Modern Athens, 65, 3 c. 
Illustrations; Plan of Athens and the port 
towns, 59 ; plan of ancient Athens, 60 ; 
present appearance of the Theseum, ib. ; the 
Acropolis at the present day, 61 ; gronnd 
plan of it, ib. ; ruins of the Propyliea, 62 ; 
portico of the Erechthenm, %b. ; ruins of it, 
iS. ; ruins of the Parthenon, 63 ; general 
view of modem Athens, 65. 

Athens, coonty, II. 66. 

AinEus, city of Georgia, II. 66. 

Athene, so-called duke of, I. 483, 2 b. 



1 b ; reorganizatioi 
tary organization 

2 a, and 739, 1 c. 
the Persian v 



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58 



ATHENS 



Athens, the northern: seo Veimae. 

Athen»^ plague of, VIII. 193, 1 c. 

AtAeri'na (ichthyology), XV. 57, 3 ab. A. 

notata, ib. (ill.). 
Ather-manoTia lodies, VI. 80, 2 c. 
Athermie iands, in the spectrum, XV. 346, 1 b. 
Atbbeton, Charles G. [fiiA'-er-tun], II. 66. 

See Gag rule (Index). 
Athias, Joseph [a-te'-aa], Jewish printer, II. 66. 
Afkinganiana, Ohrietian sect, VIII. 5i, 3 c. 
Athlosb', town of Ireland, II. 67. 
Arn'oL, Athole, or AthoU, district of Scotland, 

II. 67. Pasa of Killieorankie, 1 b. 
Aihor, or Hathor, Egyptian goddess, II. 7, 

1 b. Temple of, VI. 7, 1 c (ill.). 

Ath'os, peuinanla, II. 67 (ill-)- Eemaina of 
Xersea's canal, 1 c. Monasteries of, ib. 

Athtar, Ilimyarit* deity, XII. 117, 3 a, 

Atinga (ichthyology), 5IV. 738, 2 c. 

Atirhagearathat Indian trilie, II. SG, 1 a. 

AUtan: see Atitlan, 

Atitlan [a-te-tMn'], lake, II. 67. 

At'ektsoit, Thomaa Witlam, artist and trav- 
eller, II. 67. 

Atlan'ta, city of Georgia, II. 68. Capture of 
by Sherman's troops, 3 a. 

Atlantic, county, II. 68. 

Atlastio Ocean, II. 68. Geographical de- 
scription, 69, 1 a. Depth, and iigure of the 
bottom, 3 a; first series of deep-sea sound- 
ings, 70, 1 a. Constitution of the ocean bed, 
71, 1 c. Currents, 72, 2 a; their cause, 7S, 

2 b. Gulf stream, 73, 3 b ; 74, 1 b. Life in 
the Atiantio ocean; vegetable, 78,2 b; ani- 
mal, 80, 1 a. 

Atlantic and Pacifle railroad, 1. 711, 1 be. 

Atlantic telegraph: see Field, Gyrus W., VII. 
177, 1 c; Tklkgkapr, XV. 617, 3 b. 

Atlantidm, mollusca, XII. 531, I b. 

Atlantis, legendary island, II. 80. 

At'las, in mythology, II. 80. 

Atlas, mountain system, II. 81. 

Atlai moth, XL 867, 2 b. 

AVmolyser, for separating gases, VII. 634, 3 b 
(ill.). 

Atmol'ysis, separation of gases by diffusion, 
YII. 634, 2 b. 

AT'MoarHEiiE, 11. 81. Height of, 83, 3 c. Den- 
sity of; Xm. 638, 3 b. Herschel's theory 
of it, VIII. 701. 1 a. Pressure on the hu- 
man body, II. 83, 1 b. Pressure of one at- 
mosphere, XIII. 638, 3 ab. Influence of the 
atmosphere in the polarization of light, X. 
451, 1 a. 



ATEOPOS 



Atmospherei, as measures of weight and pres- 
sure, XI. 120, 3 a (Masouetkb). 

Atmoapher'ic air, its proportion of carbon, I. 
194, 1 a; invariable composition of, 3 c. 

Atmospkeric evrrentt, opposite, I, 147, 2 e ; di- 
rection of, 148, 1 a. 

Atmospiikeio Enoink, II. 84. Use of it in 
boring tunnels, 86, 1 c ; in transmitting 
packages, and propelling railroad trains, 3 a. 

Atmoapherie line, or line of atmospheric pres- 
sure of the steam cylinder, XV. 3S0, 3 b. 

Atmospheric lines of absorption, I. 88, 3 b. 

Atmospheria pressure, II. 335, I o, ff. (Baeom- 
etkk). Units of, as a measure, XI. 120, 3 a 
(Manometeh). Practical use of: see At- 

MOSPHEKIO EnOINB. 

Atmu, or Turn [at-moo', toom], Egyptian deity, 
XII. 116, 2 ab. 

Atkahs, or Atenfls, Indian tribe, II. 85. 

Atnaa: see Atnahs. 

Atoll', coralline island, II. 85. 

Atom : see Atomic Theoet. Definition of, II. 
87, Ibc; XI. 583, lb; 715, I a. 

Atomicity, theory of, II, 88, 1 c ; XI. 583, 3 b ; 
XII. 479, 1 b. Multivalent, II. 88, 2 a; how- 
represented, 3 be. 

Atom'ic ratio, in mineralogy, XI. 583, 1 c. 

Atomic Thkorv, II. 85. Atomic weights, 86, 
lb; 87, 1 a. Atomic heat, 86, 1 b. Dal- 
ton's atomic theory, IV. 365, 3 c (Chemis- 
thy). Gay-Lussac's law of combining vol- 
umes, 366, 1 b. 

Atomic weight, VI. 700, 2 c. 

Atomistic philosophy, V. 793, 1 b (Democki- 
Tvs) ; XIII. 437, 2 a. 

At'ominer, instrument for dividing a liquid into 
fine spray, I. 117, 1 a. Use of in freezing 
the skin with ether, VI. 748, 2 a. 

Atoma, wife of Darius Hystaspis, V, 793, 2 c. 

Atotarho, Indian sachem, XII. 632, 1 b. 

Ateato [&-tra'-to], river of Colombia, II. 89. 

Athebates [a-treb'-a-teez], or Atreba'tii, II. 89. 

Atrbcs [a'-tmoe], legendary hero, II. 89. 

Atri'dm, II. 89, 2 c (ATKErs). 

At'riplex horten'sii (botany), II. 501, 1 a. 

A'tbiom, in Eoman architecture, II, 90 ; in 
ancient churches, IV. 566, 2 a. 

At'ropa belladon'na (botany), II. 501, 1 a (ill.). 

Atropatb'ne: see Azermjan. 

At'eopet, II, 90 ; of the heart, VIII. 565, 1 a. 

Ateo'pia, vegetable poison, II. 90. 

Atropine [at'-ro-pin] : see Ateopia. 

At'bopos, mythical, II. 90; XIII, 73, 2 a 
(Paec^). 



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ATEYPA 

At'rypa, fossil shells, III. ill, 2 o. 

Attaohmest, in law, 11. SO. Foreign, 2 c, ff. 
Attachment of property, XIV. 849, 2 c. 
Writ of attachment, XIV. 24, 2 c. 

Attaevs atlai (entomology), XI. 667, 2 b. A. 
Inna and other species, 869, 1 be. 

Attaisbes, II. 91. Bill of, 2 b. Bills of pains 
and penalties, ib., and 92, 1 a. In the con- 
stitution of the United States, VII. 817, 1 c ; 
in recent Ei^lish statutes, ib. 

Attaint of a jury, V. 153, 1 e. 

AniKiPAs [at-tuk'-ft-paw], district of Louisi- 
ana, II. S2. 

AtTAKArAS, Indian tribe, II. 92. 

Attala [at-t&'-la], county, II. 92. 

Attale'afunifera (botany), V. 338, 2 ab. 

At'tahts, Macedonian general, II. 92. Name 
of three kings ot Fei^amus, S b. Flayins 
Priscus, Roman emperor, 3 o; I. 238, 1 be 
(Ai-ABic) ; XVI. 563, 2 c (Westekn Empikb). 

At'taman, title, II, 98. 

At'tab of Roses, II. 98. 

Attem'perator, in brewing. III. 361, 1 b. 

Attenwition, in brewing, III. 261, 1 c. 

At'tEkbom, Peter Daniel Ania<lens, Swedish 
poet, IL 93. 

Attebbitbt, Francis [at'-ter-bCr-re], theologian 
and politician, II. 93. Controversy with 
Bentley, 640, 2 b. 

At'tioa, II. 94. Ancient inhabitants, 2 a; 
classification of, iA. 

" AtHc See," title applied to Urban VIII., 
XVI. 233, 1 c. 

Atfie dialect, VTII. 308, 1 a. 

At'tioos, Titns Poraponius, Eonian knight, II. 
94. 

Attious Hbbo'des, Tiberins Claudius, II. 95. 

Athkambgites, or Whitefish Indians, II. 95. 

Ar'nLA, II. 95. " Scourge of God," 1 c. In- 
yasion of the Roman empires, I. 155, 3 ab. 
Supposed death by treachery, 2 c. See X. 
845, 3 bo (Leo I.). 

AtUlia'tor ialli»ta'rum, a mediieval English 
officer, II. 245, ] o. 

AiriRBT, Jean Denis [S-te-rH], French Jesuit 
and painter, II. 95. 

Attivs [at'-te-ns], Roman poet, X. 193, 2 b ; 
194, 2 a. 

Attiwan'daeohk, tribe of Indians, II. 96. 

Attlebohouoh, township, II. 96. 

Attook', or Atab, town of India, II. 96 (ill.). 

Attoknet : see Lawyee, X. 237, 1 a, 2 a. At- 
torney and counsellor in the United States, 
a a. Relation of attorney and client, 238, 1 a. 



AUCHMUTY 



59 



Attoknet Genbeai,, law ofBcer of state, II. 

96, In England, 1 c. In the United States, 

3 a. Department of Justice, 97, 1 a. Duties 

of the attorney general, 1 b. 
Attobset, Power of, II. 97. Constituent or 

principal, 1 c. Attorney in fact, ih. 
Attraction : see Adhesion, ConEsiorr, Geat- 

ITT, and Maonktism. 
Attrition, in Roman Catholic doctrine, XIV. 

393, 2 a. 
Ai'TtroKS, Crispaa, a victim of the " Boston 

Attwood, Thomas, composer, II. 98. 

Altya : see Attb. 

Atieood't machine, for measuring the velocity 

of failing bodies, XI. 320, 1 c (ill.). 
A'TYS, or AttjB, in mythology, U. 98. 
A W., abbreviation, XII. 635, 2 b. 
Attbagkb [o-bflny'], town of France, II. 98. 
AuBAiHB, Eight of [o-bain'J, II. 98, See Auen, 

L 813, 1 a. 
Attbb [oab], department of France, II, 88, 

River, 3 c, 
AuBBNAS [oab-n5], town of France, II. 98, 
AcBEB, Daniel Frangois Esprit [o-bair], com- 
poser, II. 98, 
Attbert, Constance [o-bair] : see ArniAUTis, 1. 

33, 2 a. Louis, ib. 
AcBKEViLUERS [o-baJr-ve-lyfi], a village of 

France, II, 99. 
Auiigni, Constant d' [do-be-nya], father of 

Mme. de Mainteuon, XI. 89, 1 e, 2 a, 
AuBiGK^, J. H, Merle d' : see Merle d'Att- 

AuBiosfi, Theodore Agrippa d*, Protestant sol- 
dier and historian, II, 99. 

AuBis [o-ba*"], town of France, II. 99. 

AcBLET, Jean Baptiste Christophe Fns6e 
[o-bla], botanist, II. 99. 

Au'bton, city of New York, II, 99. State 
prison, 100, 1 a (ill.). State asylum for in- 
sane criminals. 1 o, 

AcBussoN [o-htt-sS"'], town of France, II, 
100. 

AcBussos, Pierre d' [do-bii-sO"], grand master 
of the hospitallers, II. 100, 

AccH [oash], city of France, II. 101. 

Auchenia [aw-ke'-ne-a], (zoSlogy), X, 653, 2 b. 
A. lama, 553, I a (ill.). See Alpaca. 

Auchmtitt, Robert [ok'-moo-te], American 
lawyer, II. 101, Robert, his son, loyalist 
advocate and judge of Boston, 1 b, Samuel, 
loyalist clergyman of New York, 1 c. Sir 
Samuel, British general, 3 a. 



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60 



ATTCKLAND 



AcOK'i.AirD, William Eden, baron, II, 101. 

George Eden, earl of, 2 c. 
AccKiiND, province of New Zealand, II, 101. 

Capital city, 2 c; view, 102. 

ACOKLAND IflLAKDS, II. 102. 

Attotioh, II. 102, Dntch auction, 3 b, Anctio 
sub hasta, 2 c. Sales by tbe csEdle (or by 
the inch of eandie), iS. (see Fcb, VII. 535, 
3 a). Candleatiuk biddings, ib. Damb hid- 
ings, 103, 1 a. 

Atidb [oad], department of France, II. 103. 
Wines of, VII. 411, 2 b. 

AoDBBBBT, Jean Baptiste [oad-bair], painter 
and nuturolist, II. 103. 

Atideaarde [Fr. o-den-ard] : see Oudenakdb. 

Aiidhum'la [properly, ow-(Aum'-ia], in Scandi- 
naviaa mythology, XII. 119, 2 b, 

Audiea'tes, in ancient clmrches, IV. 566, 2 ab. 

Audiffret-Pasquier, Gaston d' [do-de-fra-pSs- 
kya], dute, XIIL 147, 3 o. 

AtidUo'Tivm prin'cipU, in Eoman judicature, 
IV, 630, 3 0, Ita deoreta and rescripta, ib. 

Au'ditory apparatut, VI. 351 (ill.). 

Auditory nerte JWrils. SV. 186, 2 a and c 

Aud'lky, Thomaa, lord, II. 103. 

Atjdouaed, Oljmpe [o-dw&r], traveller and 
writer, II. 103. 

AcDOOiN, Jean Victor [o-dwil''], entomologist, 
II. 108. 

ATTDRiirj', county, 11. 104. 

AiTDRAH [o-dra"'], family of French engravers, 
II. 104. 

Ac'duboh, county, II. 104. 

AcDUBON, John James [Fr. o-da-bo°f], Ameri- 
can ornithologist, 11. 104. Victor Gifford 
and John Woodhouse, hia sons, 105, 1 a. 
Mrs, Audubon, ih. 

AcENBBnooBR vos AuESBKUft, Lcopold [ow'- 
en-broog-ger fon ow'-en-broog], German 
physician, inventor of percussion, II. 105. 

Abeebaoh, Berthold [ow'-er-bi'h], author, II. 
105. 

AuEBBAOH, Heinrich, medical professor and 
senator, 11. 105, 

Auerhaehthqf, and Auerhaoh's cellar, 11, 105, 
2 be (ATTEBBAon, Heinrich), and X. 838, 1 c. 

AuKRSPEEQ, Anton Aleiander, count [ow'-ers- 
pMrg], II. 105. 

AuBRSPBBS, Carlos, prince, II. 106. 

Attebstadt [ow'-er-stet], village of Thuringia, 
II, 106. 

A-aer»tddt, duke of, V. 718, 1 c. 

Au'gean ttaiha, cleansing of the, II. 106, 1 c 
(AtroBis) ; VIII. 6T9, 3 a (Hbkcdlbs). 



AUGUSTA 

Au'geas, or Aiigias, mythical, II. 106. 

Auger [aw'-gher], varieties of the, III. 99, 1 a 
(ills.). 

AcGEREAtr, Pierre Franeois Charles [o-zhilh- 
ro or oazh-ro], duke of Castigiione, 11. 106. 

AugArim : aee Aghkim. 

Augias : see Atjqbas. 

Augia nnemU, source of Chinese lac, II. 249,3 c. 

Al'qiee, Guillaume Victor Emile [o-zhe-fi], 
dramatist, II. 106. 

Ac'bite, mineral, H. lOr. 

Auglaize [o-glaiz'], county, 11. 107. 

Aree'stTEG [Ger. on^hs'-boorg], city of Bava- 
ria, II. lOT (view). 

AngiAurg, diet of, II. 108, 1 b ; XIV, 246, 1 a. 

Augsburg, league of, against France, YII. 383, 
3 be. 

Augiburg, peace of, XV. 708, 3 c ; XIV, 246, 
lb. 

Adqsbdbo CoSFEssios, ir. 108. Alluded to, 
107, 2 c; X. 728, 1 e, and 731, 1 b, ff. 

Ao'gttr, Hezekifth, American, sculptor, II. 108. 

Atjques, Eoman diviners, II. 108. 

AuonsT, month, II. 109. 

August Feiedmoh Ebbbhabd [ow'-goost frS'- 
dri'h a'-ber-hart], prince of Wiirtemberg, 
II. 109. 

August Wilitelm [vil'-helra], prince of Prus- 
sia, II. 109. 

Augus'ta, county, II. 109. 

Augusta, city of Maine, 11. 109. 

Augusta, city of Georgia, II. 110. 

Augusta: see Agosta. 

Augii^ta, ancient name of London, X. 818, 3 o. 

Augusta, John, Bohemian theologian, II. 100. 

Augusta, Maria Louisa Catharine, queen and 
empresa, II. 111. 

Augusta Antonina, name given to Byzantium, 
m. 619, a c 

Augusta Histoeia, collection of Eomaa bi- 
ography, II. 111. 

Augustas Age, of Eoman literature, II. Ill; 
115, 3 c; X. 195, 1 c. French, IL 111, 1 c; 
English, ib., and VI. 639, 1 c. 

Augutta Sem'etvm, an ancient name of Spire, 

XV. 275, 1 0. 

Augusta Frato'ria : see Aoeta, 
Augnsta Suessio'num : see Soissobs. 
Augusta Ta-ttrinorum, ancient name of Turin, 

XVI. 54, 1 b. 

Augusta Treeirorum, ancient name of Treves, 

XV. 861, 2 c. 
Augusta Vermanduorum, ancient name of St. 

Qaentin, France, XIV. 653, 2 c. 



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AT7E0EA 



61 



Auguittt FiHf^e^icoTTini, ancient name of Augs- 
bu:^, 11. lOT, 2 a. 

AuensTENBiTEa [ow-goos'-ten-boorg], Danish 
(now GermaD) village, II. 111. Dukes of, 1 o. 

Augusteum, of Leipsic nniveraity, X. 339, 1 a. 

AuGTTSTi, Johann Christian Wilhelm [ow-gooa' 
toj, German theologian, IL 111. 

Ations'TiK, or Austin, Siunt, archbishop of 
Canterbury, II. 111. Sent to convert the 
Anglo-Sasons, 2 c, and I. 600, 1 bo. See 
more fully, Etfielbbrt, king of Kent, VI. 

ATTQUSTraE [aw'-gus-tine, or aw-gus'-tin], 
(Aurelius Angustinus), Saint, II. 112. As 
a writer, X. 200, 2 a. On miracles, SI. 
625, 1 b. Hia monastic life, 729, 2 b. Her- 
mits of Augustine, ih. Alleged Tiews of 
evolotion, VII. 10, 1 c. Assertion that deaf- 
ness makes religions faith impossible, V. 730, 

1 o. See XI. 810, 2 b; XIIL 439, 1 bo. 
A.'ogmtin'ian eanons, II. 118, 2 o ; XI. T29, 3 b. 
AitguiUnian order, XL. 729, 2 b. 
AtlQCBTiNiAire (Hermits of St. Augustine), II. 

118; XI. 780,1 be. 

Augiutobo'na, an ancient name of Troyes, XTI. 
12, 2 a. 

Aiiguitodu'mim : see Atjtun. Destruction of 
by the Bagaudaj, 11. 314, 2 c. 

A'UgilstoTa'agut; see Sbnus. 

Augwtonem'etwm, an ancient name of Cler- 
mont-Ferrand, IV. 678, 1 c. 

ArcusTowo [ow-goos-to'-vo], a former govern- 
ment of Poland, II. 113. City, 2 c. Canal 
of, 114, 1 a. 

AueTjs'nTLcs, Eomulus, last Roman emperor 
oftheWe9t,II. 114. 

ApQUBTua, Caiua Julius Ca;aar Octavianus, first 
emperor of Eome, II. 114. His trinmvirate 
with Antony and Lepidus, 2 ab ; I. 576, 1 
c; X. 360, 2 c; XV. 876, 1 be (TranMvr- 
batb). His patronage of Horace, VIII. 815, 

2 b; of Virgil, XVI. 870, 1 bo and 2 ab. 
Political testament of (monument of Ancy- 
ra), Xin. 810, 3 b (see Anoyra). 

Augustus I. (asking, Augustus II.), Frederick, 
the Strong, II. 116 ; X. 43, 1 e. Surrender 
of Patknl, XIII. 165, 3 c. Augustus II. 
(HI.), Fredericlc, H. 116, 1 c. 

AuoTisTns Fbedbhiok, prince of Great Britain 
and Ireland, II. 116. 

Atte, II. 116. Great auk, 2 c (ill.). Black- 
billed auk, 117, 1 c. Labrador auk, 2 a. 
little ank, 2 b. Paroquet auk, 2 bo. Horn- 
billed auk, Vni. 310, 1 c. 



Au'laf, or Anlaf, name of Northumbrian 
kings, 11. 117. 

Aula regis, V. 147, 2 be (Commos Law). 
^•■Auld Lang Syne" allusion to original of, 
II. 171, 1 0. 

AcHO OouNcn, a tribunal of the German em- 
pire, II. 118. 

Anns, town of Hellas, II. 118, 

Aullagm [ow-lyS'-gSss], lake of Bolivia, III. 
18, 1 a. 

AirmAT DB CHABNisf, Charlos de Menou, sei- 
gneur d' [do-na dilh sliar-ne'-za], French 
proprietor, II. 118. 

Avion: see Atloka. 

AnMALE [o-mfil], town of France, II. 118. 
Dukes of, 2 b, o. 

AtntQEBTTLE, Richard [awn'-jer-vO], English 
statesman and bibliographer, II. 119. 

Au'ra epilep'tiea, VI, 683, 3 a (Epilbpst). 

Aurani'Ua, II. 859, 3 b (BASHAif). 

Aura ■sifa'lu, a generating spirit, VIII. 634, 3 c. 

ATire'Ua, chrysalis, IV. S60, 2 be. 

AureUa, jelly flsh, IX. 601, 1 c (iUs.). 

Attbelian, Lncius Domitius Aui'elianus, Roman 
emperor, II. 119. 

Aurelian'um: see Okleans, France. 

AuretianwK Alloi'rogwn, ancient name of Ge- 
neva, VII. 670, 1 b. 

AtfEEUDS, Marcus: see Aktobiktis. 

AiTEELLB DE Paladihes [o-rcl dilh pfil-a-deen], 
Frenbh soldier, II. 119, (Died 187T.) 

AuKion [ow'-ri°h], town of Germany, II. 130. 

Au'rieU, instrument to aid hearing, VI. 373, 
1 ab. 

Auriclei of the heart, VHI. 657, 1 b ; 658, 3 ab. 

Aurv^ula (botany), XIII. 837, 3 c. 

Auriculo-nentricvlar orifice (anatomy), VIII. 
667, 1 bo. 

AifBiFABEB [Ger. ow'-re-fd-ber], companion of 
Luther, IL 120. 

Aurigera [aw-rij'-e-ra], ancient name of the 
river Arifege, I. 702, 1 h. 

AuBiLLAC [o-re-lyak], town of France, H. 120. 

Amaoi. [o-re-ul], French borough, H. 120. 

AuHiTiLLiL-s, Earl [ow-re-vil'-Je-oos], oriental- 
ist, U. 120. 

UEocns [owr'-ox], (zoSlogy), II. 130 (ill.); 
XrV. 468, 2 bo. 

Auho'g*, in mythology, It. 120. 

AoBOHA, city of Illinois, II. 121. 

Aurora, newspaper organ of tho opposition to 
President Adams, I. 93, 1 c. 

A'urora aaaoeiation (of Swedish students), II. 
93, Ic 



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62 



AURORA 



AiTEOBA Borka'lis, II. 131. HutnboMt's de- 
scription of, 1 b. Auroral action m affected 
by latitude and longitude, 2 a ; by the mag- 
netic poles, 2 b. Appearance of, 3 c Height 
of auroral arch, 122, 1 he. Extent of viai- 
hility, 3 a. Variations in frequency and 
splendor, 2 be. Solar spots and magnetic 
disturbances, 133, 1 a. Table of anroras seen 
in each month, 1 be. Electrical character 
of, 1 c ; VII. 390, 2 c. Spectmrn of, II. 124, 
1 a. Supposed connection with the zodiacal 
light, 2 a. Origin of aurora, Olmsted's the- 
ory, 2 be. 

Aurora community, XV. 140, 3 ab. 

Au'rum mom'ieum or mu'sivum, for bronzing, 
III. 315, 2Qb; XV. 760, 1 a. 

Aurmn potaVUe, in alchemy, VIII. 85, 1 c. 

AuETiHOABAn', clty of llindostan, IL 124. 

AoKrNOZKBE', or Aarungzeb, Mogul emperor, 
II. 125 ; IX. 209, 1 a. Mosque of, in Aurua- 
gabad, II. 135 (iU.); in Benares, 615, 1 a, 

AoaoffwiTZ [ow'-shwits], town of Austria, II. 
125. 

AuscuUa Dei, papal bull. III, 60, 1 c 

AuscuLTATioif, medical, II. 125. 

Avson, mythical, II. 126, 1 c (Attsokes). 

AcsoNES [aw'-ao-neez], ancient tribe of Italy, 
II. 126. 

Auso'nia, U. 13G, 1 o (Absonks}; IX. 449, 1 ab. 

ArrsoNins, Decimns Magnus, Latin poet and 
gi-ammarian, H. 136. 

Acssra [ow'-ai'h], town of Bohemia, II. 126. 

Aus'ten, Jane, English novelist, II. 136. 

Austerities, religious, and their phyHical ef- 
fects, II. 573, 1 b, c. 

Ars'TBBLiTZ [Ger. owce'-ter-Iits], town o£ Mo- 
ravia, II. 126. Battle of, 2 e, and HL 43, 1 b. 

AcBTiN, county, II. 127. 

AtiSTis, city of Texas, II. 12T. 

Attstin, Jonathan Lormg, revolutionary pa- 
triot, II. 127. 

Austin, Moses, American pioneer, II. 127. 
Lead mining, iS., and 5. 253, 2 b. 

Austin, Saint, apostle of the EngUsh : see An- 

Attstin, Samuel, D. D., American clergyman, 

n. 137. 

AuSTis, Sarah, English anthores?, II. 127. 

AusTDi, Stephen F., founder of the first Amer- 
ican colony in Texas, II. 127. 

Ausnn, William (Billy), reputed natnral son of 
Qneen Caroline, II. 138. 

Attstbala'sia, II. 198. 

Auatralene, oil, XVI. 78, 1 ab. 



AUTOLITHOGRAPHIC 

AtrsTEA'LiA, II. 138. (Map.) Coasts, 2 a. Sur- 
face, 129, 1 a. Kivers, 2 b. Lakes, 130, 1 a. 
Geology, 1 ab. Minerals, lb; 131, 1 c. Cli- 
mate, 130, 1 0. Fauna, 2 ab. Flora, 131, 

1 a. Aborigines, 2 c (ill,, 132); aboriginal- 
shelters (ill.), 133. Political divisions, 2 be. 
Religion, 133, 1 a. Education, 1 b. Fi- 
nances, 1 c. Commerce, 2 a. Intercommu- 
nication, 2 b. Governments, 2 c. History, 
ih.; discovery of gold, 134, 2 be. Sheep 
raising, 135, 1 a. Recent progress, ih. 

Aiistralia del Espiritu.' Santo, island, XII, 
301, 2 be. 

Australian, currents, IX. 244, 2 b. 

Australian man and viomait (ill,), II. 133. 

Austha'sia, a kingdom of the Franks, II. I3S. 

Avitraterebentheiie, oil, XVI. 78, 1 ab. 

Ars'TBiA, empire of, II. 135. (Map.) Con- 
stitnent parts, 2 a. Topography, 136, 1 b. 
Hydrography, 3 a. Climate, 2 c. Produc- 
tions, ib. Population, 137, 3 b; nationali- 
ties, 3 c; languages, 138, 1 a. Religion, 1 b. 
Education, 2 a. Tlie press, 139, 1 a. Chari- 
table institutions, 1 b. Mining products, 1 c. 
Agriculture, 3 a. Manufactures, 140, 1 a. 
Commerce, 1 c. Government, 141, 3 b. Fi- 
nances, 143, 3 b. Army, 143, 1 b. History, 2 a. 

AcBTEiA, archduchy of^ II. 154. 

Austrian Lloyd, joint-stock company, IT. 141, 
la; X. 555, 2 b, 

Amtrian mceession, war of the, I. 224, 1 c; 
II. 144, 2 0. Conrse taken by Frederick the 
Great, VIL 455, 2 c, ft. England's support 
of Austria, 705, 2 bo, 

AnsTEO-HuNGABiAtj MoNABOUT ! soe Attstbia. 

AusieandeTerTiaiis [owce'-vin-der-er- house], for 
emigrants. III. 349, 3 c (Beembrhafen). 

Aittac'qa, county, IL 154. 

Aiithen'ticce, IV. 625, 1 b. See Authentics, 

AnrnESTics, II. 154. Latin translation of Jus- 
tinian's ifoeellm, 3 h. Extracts of its decis- 
ions, ih. Issued by Frederick 11. and III., ih. 

Authentic week (Holy Week), VIII. 776, 1 b. 

Avtillo [ow-te'-lyo], act of the inquisition held 
within tlie palace, IX. 29B, 1 a. 

AnTO da Ft [ow'-to dS fa], IL 154. Proper 
meaning of the phrase, i6., and IX, 384, 2 c. 
The first anto da ffi, IX. 294, 2 b. Different 
classes of autos, 295, 1 a. Proceedings of 
the auto publico general, 1 ab. 

Av,togenova elements [au-toj'-e-nus], (anatomy), 
XIII. 424, 2 0. 

AutolitAoffraphie or tranter paper, X. 6S7, 

2 ab, and 526, 2 c 



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ADTOLYCUS 

AlJTOL'TOirs, B, Greek legendary thief and liar, 
II. 164. Greek mathematician, 2 c. 

Avtomat'ic planetarium, invention of, IX. 96, 
1 bo. 

Adtom'atos, II. 155. Ancient and medieval 
automata, 1 a. Vaucaiiaon'e, 1 o. Droz's, 
Malzel's, &c., 3 b. Kempelen's pretended 
automaton chesa player, 2 c; see Kempeij;s. 
Eeceiit automata, 156, 1 a. 

Automaton speaker., Kempelen's, IS. 786, 1 ab. 

Ab'toplasty, in surgery, II. 156. 

AutoHtaiTes [o-to-ze-tair], olaaa of moESters, 
XI. T65, 1 c. 

Autoiitei [o-to-zeet], monsters, XI. 764, 3 c. 

Autrenauraj/ [o-tra no-ra], device of the order 
of the Golden Fleece, VIII. 89, 2 a. 

Au'trieum, ancient name of Ohartrcs, IV. 325, 

1 b. 

Autro'nius, conspirator, IV. 120, 2 a. 

Ad'tdmn, third season of the year, II. 156, 

Autttm'nal catarrh: see HiT Cold. 

Autumnal marrou!, XV. 393, 2 c (Sqcash). 

AuTUH [o-tii°^, town of France, IL 156. 

Au'tumts, mineral, XVI. 330, 1 b (IlHiNiuM). 

AweergnaU [o-vair-nyft], natives of Auvergne, 
ir. 157, 1 c; III. 724, 2 ab. 

AuTERGNE [o-vaimj'], province of France, II. 
157. 

Auvergne, La Tour ff, family. III. 151, 3 3. 
Philip d' Auvergne, prince of Bonillon, ib. 

Aus Gates [o ka], town of Hayti, II. 157. 

AirxEBEB [o-sair], city of France, II. 157. 

AuxerroU [o-aair-wfl] : see Aitseeeb. 

Aim'i« vulga'rh (ichtliyology). III. 68, 1 c (ill.). 

AuxonBB [o-sun], town of France, II. 157. 

Aux Plaines [a plain] : see Des Plaikes. 

Auxu'me: see Axtim. 

AuzouT, Adrien [o-zoo], French mathemati- 
cian and astronomer, II. 157, 

AuzoDS, Theodore Louis [o-zoo], French physi- 
cian and anatomist, If. 157. See Anatomi- 
cAi Pekpaeationb, I. 459, S c, 4fi0, 1 a. 

Ata [S'-va], city of Burnmh, 11. 158. 

Ava, Kingdom of: see Bcemah. 

Ava, plant, XIV. 591, 2 a. 

At'alanche, II. 158. 

A^al islands: see Baheeis Islands. 

AvALLOH [a-TiiMo""], town of France, II. 158. 

Atalos, Fordinando Francesco d' [d^vfi'-loce], 
marquis of Fcacara, II. 158. 

Atar'ieum, ancient name of Bonrges, III, 150, 

2 a. 

AvAE'is, II. 158. See Egypt, VI. 460, 2 b. 
A'tabs, Turanian tribe, II. 158. 



Avatab', of Hindoo divinities, II. 159 ; IX. 

228, 1 c. 
Atatoh'a, Mount, II. 159. 
Ave'btjey, village oCEngland, II. 159. 
AvEiEO [li-va'-e-ro], town of Portugal, II. 159. 
Aaehiom, African tribe, X, 57, 1 ab. 
AvELLAMEnA, Alonso Fernando de [^va-lya- 

na'-iAa], II. 159. See Oekvastes, IV. 213, 

2ab. 
AvELLANEDA, Gertrodls Gomis de, Spanish 

poetess, II. 159. 
Atellino [a-vel-le'-no], town of Italy, II. 160. 

Province : see Peincipato TJltekiobe. 
Ave Maeia [fi'-ve mi-re'-a], II. IGO ; XI. 218, 

1 ab (Maby) ; XIV. 432, 1 a (Eosaby). 
A^e'na (botany), XII. SCO, 2 c (Oat), and VHI. 

168, 1 c (GEiSSBs). A. elatior, VIII. 168, 

1 c, and XII. 663, 1 a. A. sativa, 660, 3 o, 

A. nuda, 561, 1 o, A. fatua, 2 a (ill.). A. 

sterilis (hygrometric), 2 c. Other species. 
AvENBEiJOOBn, Leopold ; see Aubnbedqobr. 
Atencehrol: see Solomon' ben Gabieol. 
Av'enel, white lady of, referred to, VII. 64, 

lb. 
A-ceager of blood, in the Mosaic law, III. 754, 

3 be. 
Ave'nio : see Aviosos. 
Av'entine kill (Mons Aventinus) : see Eome, 

XIV. 409, lb; 410,2 a. 
Atehti'nus, Mons (Aventine hill) : see Rome, 

SIV. 409, 1 h ; 410, 2 a. 
AvESTURiNB [a-ven'-tn-rin], mineral, II. 160. 

Artificial glass, 1 he. 
Aveszo'ae (Ibn Zohr), Ahu Merwan, Arabian 

physician, IT. 160. 
Av'eeare, general, II. 160. Particular, 161, 

lb. Petty, ih.; 640, 1 c. 
AvBEso [4-vftir'-no], lake, II. 161. 
Arernas : see Avbhso. 
Atebeoes, or Averrhoes [a-vEr'-ro-ez], (Ibn 

Eoshd), Arabian philosopher, II, 161. 
Aterroists: see Aveeeoes, II. IGl, 3 h. 
Ayeksa [a-vair'-sa], town of Italy, II. IGl. 
A've» : see Birds. 

AvESHES [a-vain], town of France, II, 161. 
Avea'ta: see Zend-Avesta. 
AvEYEOs' [il-vii-ro"'], department of France, II, 

162. River, 1 a. 
AvEZAc; see D'AvEZAc. 
Aveiac, M. d' [dS-viih-zSk], on the date of Se- 
bastian Cabot's map. III. 530, 1 a. 
Aviceb'bob ; see Solomon ben GABmoL. 
Avicen'sa (Ibn Sina), Arabian physician and 

philosopher, IL 162. His work on arithme- 



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6Jt 



AVIOIDA 



tic, 1. 708, 1 a. nis classification of mioerala, 
XI. 589, 1 a. nis tomb, VIII. 408, 1 c. 

Aeieida [a-vis'-e-da], (ornithologj), S. 19, 3 c. 

Aeidiin Castvu, a Roman usurper, I. 574, 3 c. 

AvioLiAKO [&-ve-Ija'-no], town of ItaJy, II, 
162. 

AviQNOw [a-ve-nyO""], town of France, II. 183 
(ill.). 

AviLA [&'-Ye-la], province of Spain, II. 163. 
Capital city, 1 c. 

Avlo'na, town of Albania, II. 163. 

Av'ooET, bird, II. 163 CiH-)- 

Avo'ha, tree, X. 810, 1 bo. 

Aiioidance and confmimt, in law, XIII. 607, 2 b. 

AvoiBDupois [av-er-du-poiz/J, standard of 
weigbt, II. 16S. 

Avo'la, town of Sicily, II. 164. 

A'voN, name of several rivers, II. 164, 

Avondale dismter, Y. 70, 2 be (Oou 

Avon Spkin&b, New York, II. 164. 

Avoiet; see Avooet. 

Avow'ant, XIV. 372, 2 e (Eeplkvin 

Amwry, U make, XIT. 373, 1 b (Ri 

Avoyelles [l-voi-elz'; Fr. 4-vwa-yel], parish 
of Louisiana, II. 164. 

AvBANOHKa [a-vra°"sh], town of Fraaoe, II. 
164. 

AmasV^ XV. 743, 3 c (Tides). 

Awe, Loch [aw], lake, IL 164. 

Awl, a tool. III. SS, 3 b (ill.). 

Aim, in grasses, VIII. 166, 2 a. 

Ax, town of France, II, 164, 

AsAYAOATi,', Mexican emperor, II. 164. Pal- 
ace and treasures of, 2 c. 

Axe, an instrument, 11. 165. 



3T). 



Axelhtms [ftx'-el-hoos], Danish fort, I. 
Axe* of ery^taU, XI. 686, 3 a (M: 

See CBYSTALLOOnSiPHY. 

Ax'illaHm (feathers), VII. 105, 2 o. 

AxiM [ftx-eem'], African town, II. 165 ; I. 210, 

3 be; VIII. 87, a b. 
Ax'isiTB, mineral, II. 165. 
Axin'omanc;/, VI IfiS, 2 c (Divikation). 
Axis (zo61ogy), V 737, 2 o. A. maculata, 

spotted axis, 758, 3 ab (ill.). See BncK, III. 

885, 1 b 
Axi» cylinder of the hrain. III. 186, 3 o; of 

nerves XII 232, 1 c. 
Axle, of wheel carriages, II. 165. 
Ax'missteb, town of England, II. 166. Ai- 

rainster carpets, 1 c; IV. 20, 1 a. 
Axolotl', reptile, II. 166 (iil.). 
Axoom: see Axum. 



AZARA 

AxiTM [ai-oom'], city of Abyssinia, H. 167. 
Royal seat, 1 o (ill.). Obelisk of Asum, 3 a 
(ill.). Kingdom of, 1 c, and L 45, 2 be. 
Chronicles of, I. 48, 1 b. Made a metro- 

Axwrn Thion, Abyssinian convent, I. 49, 1 a. 
AYAOtrcno [S-ya-koo'-cho], department of Peru, 

n, 167. Battle of, 168, 1 a. Capital, 1 b. 
Jya;a,5a;(AiM([r, onthelflwofwar,S.323, 3ab. 
Atala, Pedro Lopez de [4-jfi'-la], poet, II. 168. 
Ayamohtb [l-ya-mone'-ta], city of Spwn, II. 

168. 
Atasalook, or Aiasaluk [I-ja-sa-look'] ; see 



AyaU [a-yats"], verses of the Koran, S. 44, 2 c. 
Ayk-Ayb p'-i], animal, II. 168 (ill.). 
Atebha, or Aisha [fi'-ye-sha, i'-«ha], favorite 
wife of Mohammed, IL 168; XIL 738, 3 e; 

I. 41, 1 O (AmjBEKH). 

Aylebbcey [fdlz'-b6r-e], town of England, II. 

169. 
Ayl'mek, John, bishop of London, II. 169. 
Aymaeas [i-ma-r&s'J, a Peruvian race, II. 169 

(ill.) ; IIL 10, 2 b. Referred to, XIV. 150, 

lb. 
Aymab - Versa?, Jacques [5-mar-valr-niij, 

French impostor, II. 169. 
Ayrnboria [ime-bo-race'], Indians, IIL 140, 2 a. 
Ayb, town of Scotland, IL 170. Brigs of Ayr, 

I b (ill.). Bums's cottage, 2 o (ill.). 
Atrkb, Jakob [i'-rer], German poet, II. 170. 
Atk'shibb, county of Scotland, II. 170. 
Ayrshire ireed of cattle, IV. 130, 3 c. Dolly 

Ayrshire cow (ill), 131, 1 a. 
Ays'oub, Sir George, English admiral, II. 171, 
Aythy'a Vallkne'ria (ornithology), III. 732, 2 c 

(ill., 783). A. Americana, ib., and VI. 290, 1 a. 
Ay'tos, Sir Robert, poet, II. 171. 
Aytowih, Sir Robert [a'-toon] : see Ayton. 
Attoun, William Edmondstonne, poet, I!. 171. 
Ayu [^-yoo'], (zofilogy), amphibious animal, I. 

81, 2 b. 
Ayubtamiento [fl-yoon-t^me-ain'-to], name 

of village and town conncijs, II. 171, 
Ayatla [a-yoot'-la], plan or revolution of, I. 

372, 3 a; V, 171, 2 e; XIV. 61T, 1 a. 
Azaina, tree, X. 810, 1 c. 
Aza!s, Pierre Ilyacinthe [B-zice], philosopher, 

IL 173, 
Aza'lea (botany), II, 172. A. viscosa (ill.) 

and other species. 
Aza'ni: see Aizani. 
AzABA, Felix de [a-thS'-ra], naturalist, II, 173. 

Jos6 Nicolas de, ambassador and writer, 1 c. 



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AZAEIAH 

AzAia'iH, Hebrew name, II. 1T3. King, 1 e, 
and VI!I. 588, 2 c. 

Azari'cM, II. 173, 2 a. 

Aa'ttiel, an angel in the Mohammedan system, 
SI. 69T, 2 c. 

AzEouo, Massimo Taparelli, marquis d' [dA-za'- 
lyo], Italian statesman, II. 1T3. Luigi, Jes- 
uit, 174, 1 a. Roberto, writer on art, 1 ab. 
¥ittorio Emmannele Taparelli, mar<jms d', 
artist, 1 b. 

Azerliaijan [a-zer-bi-jan'] : see Azkebij^an. 

Azbbbuak', province of Persia, II. IT4. 

Aserkh-Amen, Ethiopian king, VI. lid, 3 ab. 

AzEvEno OouTiNno, Joz6 Joaquim da Cnnha 
[a-za-va'-do ko-te'-njo], bishop, 11. 174. 

AzBTBDO T ZnSi&A, Gaspard de [^-tlia-va'-fio 
e thoo'-nye-ga], Spanish viceroy, II. 174. 

Az'imuth, correction of error in, XV. 844, 2 c. 
Adjustment of a transit instrument to it, 
845, 2 b. Azimnth circle, XII. 566, 1 c. 

Asincowrt : see AGiuoorET. 

Azis [i-zeez'], Fatimite caliph, Vn. 94, 2 a. 

AZKAB TUARIK ; seO ToAMKS. 

Azof : see Azov. 

Azo'io AoB (geology), II. 174. 

Atok Tochg, YII. 694, 1 a. 



BABEUVISTS 



65 



AzoiiEs', or Western Islands, II. 174. 

Azote': see Nitrooes, XII. 466, 2 c. 

AzotJt, X. 846, 3 a {MasicJ. 

Az'otieed tUiuee, XII. 467, 1 be. 

Azo'tus; see AannOD. 

Ak'ot, or Azof, town and fortress, II. 175. 

Azov, or Azof, Sea of, II. 175. 

Az'rael, angel of death in the Mohammedan 
system, XI. 697, 2 o. 

Az'tecs, n. 175 (ill., Aztec warriors) ; I. 392, 
1 c ; XI. 473, 2 a ; 483, 3 be. Their cor- 
reney, XI. 467, 1 c. Their degeneracy re- 
ferred to, vn. 614, 2 ab. 

Azflan', 11. 175, 1 c; 2 c-176, 1 a (Aztecs). 

Azuay : see Asuay, 

AzuEAEA, Gomez Eannes de [k-zao-rk'-ra], 
Portnguese historian, II. 177. 

AzaTB^ in heraldry, VIII. 671, 2 a, b. 

Astwrine [azh'-u-rin], color, VI. 343, 1 c. 

Aji^uTite, V. 319, 1 c (Coppeh). 

Azy'goi u'vuI<b, XII. 817, 2 b (Palate). 

Az'ymites, polemical terra, II. 177. 

Aeymo'tics (remedies). III. 769, 1 c. 

Azyr, Vicq (f : see Vicq d'Azyb. 

Aaolini, Cardinal [dt-ao-ie'-ne], IV. 550, 1 



B 



B, a letter, II. 377. Varieties of pronuncia- 
tion, 1 be. In the calendar, 3 ab. In the 
musical scale, ili. As a numeral, 3 b. 

Jia, id, bd, id, meaning of in Anamitic, IX. 
258, 2 be. 

Baadbb, Franz Saver von [bS'-der], German 
mystic, II. 177. 

Ba'al, Semitic divinity, II. 177 (ill.). 'With 
adjuncts, 2 a. Chief deity of the Phceni- 
cianB, 178, 1 a. In compoaliion, 2 a. Spread 
of 'the name, ib. Seats of his worship, IV. 
87, 3 c; XII. 117, 3 a, ff. See Bel and Be- 
tus (Index). 

Baalbek [bAl'-bek], H. 178. Euins of 0".), i!>- 
Temple of Jupiter, 179, 1 a (UL); piece of 
fallen ceiling in do, (ill.), ib. 

Ba'al^^rith (Covenant Baal), II. 178, 1 a. 

Baal-Samnum (Cronos), IV. 87, 3 b. 

BaaUMelbart, patron of Tyre, XII. 118, 1 c. 

Baal-peor (Priapua), II. 177, 3 c. 

BaatrSamin, lord of the heavens, SII. 117, 3 b. 

BaaJ'Satvm, temple of, IV. 88, 1 a. 

£aaltis, goddess, SII. 109, 2 a ; 117, 2 be. 



Baal-zehub, fly god, II. 177, 2 c. See Beelzebub. 
Baal-!tephm, VII. 39, 2 a (Exonus). 
Baas, Jan van \hka\ Dutch painter, II. 179. 
Baastaardi [bAs'-tards] t see GmquAs. 
Baba [bS'-ba], (the saint), II. 179, 3 c. 
Babadaoh [hJ-ba-dag'j, town, II. 179. 
Bab'bage, Charles, English mathematician, 

IT. 180. His calcnlating machine. III. 569, 

1 c. His tables. X. 578, 1 c. 
Bascock, Rufus, D. D., American clergyman, 

II. 180. 
Bab-ed-Bin [bfib-ed-deenl, founder of Babism, 

n. 182, 2 b. 
Ba'del, ir. 180; XII. 117, 1 b. 
Bab-el-Mas'dbb, strait, II. 181. 
Baser, Zahir ed-Din Mohammed [bi'-ber], Mo- 
gul emperor, II. 181 ; IX. 208, 1 e. 
Bahet [ba-ba], allusion to the story of, III. 161, 

lb. 
Babkuf, or Babisnf, Francois Noel [ba-biif], 

French revolutionist, II. 182 : XV. 140, 2 b. 
BahewDUU [ba-bu'-vists] : see BalitrnvisUs (In- 



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BABIL 



BACKGAMMOff 



Btibil [ba-beel'], rriina, II. 18S, 1 b (ill.). 

Babinet, Jacques [ba-be-nS], French physicist, 
II. 182. 

BAE'iNGTOrT, Anthony, English conspirator, II. 
183 ; TI. 533, 3 bo; XI. 235, 3 a. 

Babinoton, William, English physician, II. 182. 

BaMrusa [bfi-be-roo'-sa] : see Babybohssa. 

SaAit [hS'-beez] oaABabisU: see Babism, II. 
183, 1 a, c, and Sni. 320, 1 ab. 

Bab'isu, Mohammedan heresy, 11. 183. Babist 
doctrine, 183, 1 b. 

Babo, Tranz Marius von [ba'-bo], German dram- 
atist, 11. 183. 

Babmtff: see Babeuf, 

Babolo, sea worm, VII. 101, 2 a. 

Baboon', II. 183. Ohacma, or pig-faced bar 
booD, 2 c (ill.). Dog-faced baboon, 184, 1 b 
(ill.); I. 168, 2 a. Guinea baboon, II. 184, 
1 b. Little baboon, 3 a (ill.). Ribbed-nose 
baboon, or mandrill, 3 o (ill.). Drill, ib. (ill., 
185), Gelada, 185, 1 c (ill.). 

Bahom', Hindoo brokers, III. 573, 1 c. 

BabouvUie^ [Fr. bS-boo-TeeBt], followers of Ba- 
beuf, XL 182, la; XV. 140, 2 c (Babeuvists). 

Balu Se^hab Chander Sen, head of the s«ot of 
the Brahm6-S&maj, IX. 231, 1 be. 

Babul, tree, IX. 203, 3 ab. 

Bab'ixon, II. 185. Kasr, 186, 1 b (ill.). Ba- 
bil, 1 b (ill.). Birs Niinrnd, 18Y, S a (ill.). 
Amran (mound), 188, 2 c. Destruction of: 

see CONFLAOEATIOK, V. 234, 1 0. 

Babtlo'nia, II. 189. 
Babylonian hrkh (ill.), II. 188, 2 b. 
I. 653, 1 c. 
a mixed race, II. 86, 3 o. 
Babylon'vi language : aee Cftat.tiee Lauguagb;, 

IT. 230, 3 c. 
BABTio'tnsn Captivity, II. IflO. 
Balyloniah captMty, so styled, XIV. 399, 2 a. 
Babteous'sa, or Babirusa, animal, II. 191 (ill.). 
Baeoalau'reate, origin of the expression, X. 

208, 2 be. 
Baccara, or Baccarat [bak-ka-rS'], game, II. 

192. 
Baccarat p)ak-ka-rA], town of France, II. 193. 
Bacchasa'lia, or Dionysia, II. 192. Baccha- 
nalian procession, 1 c (ill.). Suppressed by 

the Eoman senate, 193, 1 a. 
BAOOnANTES [hak-kan'-teez], II. 193. Among 

mediEeral students, 2 b. 
BaechiadcB [bak-ki'-a-de], rulers of Corinth, V. 

353, 1 c. 
Bac'eU a'm, rock in the Rhino, II. 198, 3 b. 
Bacchiguone [b&k-ke-lyo'-ne], river, II. 198. 



Sac'chh, ancient city, supposed remains of, 
Vn. 103, 1 a. 

Bac'chits, god of wine, II. 19y. Birtb of, 1 a, 
and XIV. 758, 2 b. 

Bacchus mm, XII. 190, 3 b. 

BAccnYLinES [bak-kil'-e-deez], Greek poet, II. 
193. 

Baccio della Porta [bat'-cho del'-la por'-ta] : 
see Bahtolommko. 

Baociochi, Napoleone Elisa [bSt-cho'-ke], prin- 
cess, II. 193. Napoleone Camerata, 194, 1 a. 
Count Felice, ib. Mario Anne Elisa, sister of 
Napoleon I., III. 25, 2 b. Felice Pasqnale, ib. 

Bach [bfl'h], name of a German mnsical fami- 
ly, 11. 194. Veit, 1 b. Hans, iS. Ileinrich, 

1 c. Johann jEgidius, iS. Georg Christoph, 

2 a. Johann Ambrosius, ib. Johann Chris- 
toph, ib. Johann Michael, 2 c. Johann 
Bernard, ih. Johann Sebastian, tlie great 
Bach, 195, I a. Johann Ernst, 19G, 3 ab. 
"Wilhelm Friedemann, the HaJle Bach, 3 h. 
Earl Philipp Eraanael, the Hamburg Bach, 
197, 1 b. Johann Christoph Fricdricb, the 
Buckebnrg Bach, 3 c. Johann Christian, the 
Milan or London Bach, 198, 1 a. CfecUia 
Giassi Bach, 1 c. 

Bach, Alexander, baron, Austrian statesman, 

11. 198. 
BACHASAcn [bS'-'ha-rfi'h], town of Prassia, II. 

198. 
BACHAtruoxT, Francois le Coigneus de [ba-sho- 

mo'*], French writer, 11. 198. 
Bache, Alexander Dallas [baitdi], American 

savant and hydrographer, II, 198. See At- 

LAKTIO OUEAM, II, 74, 1 bc ; CoAST SrBTEY, 

IV. 750, 3 a, and 762, 1 ab. 
Baohb, Benjamin Franklin, physician, IL 199, 
Bache, Richard, merchant, II. 199. 
Bachb, Sarah, only daughter of Benjamin 

Franklin, II. 199. Her labors for the needy 

soldiers of the revolution, 3 c. 
Bachelet, Jean Louis Theodore [biish-la], 

French cyclopredist and historian, II. 199. 
Bach'eloT, origin of the term, X. 208, 3 bc. 
Baciimah-, John [bat'-man], American natural- 
ist, n. 300. 
Bacilla/Tia, paradox'a (botany), Yl. 84, 3 bc 

(ill., 85). 
Back, Sir George, English navigator, II. 200. 
Bmk bay, Boston, IH. 116, 2 b; 118, 1 ab. 
" Backbone of England " a ridge, X. 134, 1 b. 
Back'gammos, game, IL 200. Backgammon 

board Qil.), 3 b. To backgammon one, 201, 

1 a. 



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BACKHUYSEIf 

BAOKKtrrSEN, or Bakhuyaen, Ludolf [bak'-Loi- 
zen], Dntch pdnter, II. 201. 

Baok'its, Isaac, American clergjinaii, II. 301. 

Baolee b'Albk, Louis Albert Ghislain, baron 
de [bak-lair dMb], French painter, II. 20i. 

Bacoloe [ba-ko-lore'], town of the Philippines, 
II. 201. 

Ba'con, Anne, mother of LorJ Bacon, II. 201. 

Bacok, Francis, Viscount St. Albans and Baron 
Verulam, philosopher, 11. 201. His proposed 
" college of the six days' works," 2 c. His 
parliamentary eloquence, 202, 1 be. His 
"Essays," 3 a. His conduct toward Lord 
Essex, 2 be. His political ad?aDceuient, 303, 
1 a, ff. Lord high chancellor, 3 b. His 
Notum Organ-am, ib. His trial and disgrace, 
304, 2 a. His law writings, 305, 1 b. Aided 
in his trial by Sir Julius Ciesar, HI. 543, 3 c. 
His theory of heat, V. 877, 2 o; VIH. 567, 
1 c; of the design of miracles, XL 635, 1 c. 
His perfidious conduct in the ease of Peach- 
am, XV. 851, 1 b. See PHiLosopnY,^amw(, 
specially XIII. 440, 2 b. 

Baoon, John, sculptor, IL 205. 

Baoos, Leonard, D. D., American clergyman, 
II. 206. Delia, teacher and writer, 1 o. 

Baoos, Nathaniel, the Virginia rebel, H. 206 ; 
561, 1 b. 

Bacos, Sir Nicholas, statesman, father of Lord 
Bacon, IL 206. 

Bacon, Roger, Franciscan friar and scholar, 11. 
206. His speaking brazen head, 155, 1 ah. 

Bios, or Bficska [b&teh, hatch'-kaw], county of 
Hungary, H. 207. Town, 3 a. 

BaosIsyi, J^nos [botch'- an-ye], Hungarian po- 
et, II. 20T. 

Bacteria : see BACTEKruM. 

Bacte'esum (plural, baeteriums or bacteria), 
II. 207. Presence of bacteria in putrefac- 
tion, L 571, 1 b ; VII. 144, 2 a. Mode of 
generation, II. 208, 3 ab ; XV. 384, 1 c, 3 c. 

Baetra, or Zariaspe, ancient city, H. 208, 1 he. 

Bac'tma, or Bactriana, ancient country, II. 
308. Baotrian coins, 3 a (ill, 1 c). 

Eactrian, Old: see Iranio Eacbs ahd Lau- 
ottaoes, IX, 347, 1 a, 

Bactrian'a : see Bactkia. 

Baczko, Ludwig voa [bats'-ko], German au- 
thor, II. 208. 

Badagio, Ansdmo [bS-d4'-jo], (Pope Alexander 
IL), I. 378, 1 a. 

Badajoz [bfi-(Aa-'hoath'], province of Spain, 
II. 308. Town, 2 ab. Peace of, XV. 213, 



BAGAT'S 



67 



ti'ibe of India, IX. 315, 2 e. 

Badakhshan [bS-dak-shiin'j, country of cen- 
tral Asia, H. 309. 

Baden [bfi'-den], grand duchy of Germany, II. 
309. 

Bades, town of Lower Austria, IL 310. Town 
of Switzerland, 211, I a. 

Badbn-Bades, German watering place, II. 211 
(ill.). 

Baden-Baden, line of, II. 310, 3 a. 

Baden-Baden, Ludwig Wilhelm I., margrave 
of, a general, II. 211, 

Badm-DurUeh, line of, II. 210, 3 a. 

Badge of fraud, in law, VII. 445, 1 b (Fraud). 

Badoeh, animal, IL 312 (ill.). American bad- 
ger, 2 c (ill.). Indian badgar, 318, 1 h (ill.). 
Badger's far, VII. 597, 2 ob. The wombat 
so called, XVI. 703, 2 c. 

Badla y Leblich, Domingo [b^-f/te'-a e la- 
bleeoh'], (Ali Bey), Spanish traveller, II. 313, 

Badids, Jodocus, or Josse [b&'-de-us], Dutch 
printer and author, 11. 313. Conrad, 2 b. 

^'■Bad lands," of the west, XL 622, 2 b; 
XIV, 381, 1 0. 

Badrinath, : see Bkadhisitec. 

Badr-Oodin, suitan of Baaoa, II. 265, 1 b. 

Badui'la : see Totila, 

Bakna [ba-a'-nfl], town of Spain, II. 213. 

Baeb, Karl Ernst von (fon bair], Russian nat- 
uralist, II. 218. His discovery of the egg in 
the ovary, VI. 561, 1 b. His ascending 
series from osseous fishes to reptUes, VIII. 
694, 1 c. His classification of mammals, XL 
81, lab; of birds, XIL 707, 2 a. OnmoIIusca, 
XL 51, lb; evolution, VIL 10, 2 b, 14, 3 be, 

Baeklb, Qaspard Tan [bar'-lSh], (Barlteus), 
Dutch poet and theologian, II. 218. 

Baert: see Baet, Jean, 

BtEterra, or Bteterrje : see Beziees, 

Bce'lk : see GuADALquiviE. 

Batyl'm, VI. 164, 1 b (Divination). 

Baez, Buenaventura [hii'-ace or bice], presi- 
dent of Santo Domingo, H, 314. 

Baeza [bS-a'-tha], city of Spain, II. 214. 

Baf'fik, William, English navigator and arctic 
explorer, H, 214; L 699, 2 a. 

Baffin Bat. II. 314. 

Baffo, the Pure, H. 214. 

Baffomet: see Baphombt. 

Bag'aeum, ancient city : sec Bat at. 

Bafforia : see BAGnsRiA. 

Baga/rmi, African tribe, H. 216, 3 a. 

Baoatt'd-e, or Bagaudi, Gallic peasants, II. 214, 

Bagay's tables of logarithm), X. 578, 1 c. 



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68 



BAGDAD 



BAft'DAD [properly, bag-dSd'], city of Asiatic 

Tnrkey, II. 215 (ill., Ezekiel's tomb), Sacked 

and burned by Tartars, V. 234, 3 a; by 

Turks, iS., and I. 44T, 1 bo. 
Bags, Robert, English novelist, II. 216. 
Bag'geses, Jens Iramamiel, Swcdisb poet, II. 

219. 
BAGHEET4, Or Bagarift [bS-ga'-re-a, -ga'-re-a], 

town of Sicily, II. 316. 
BAonntMi [bd-glieer'-me], kingdom of Africa, 

II. 316. 
Saffhietan' : see BsiniaTUN, 
Bagkal: see Baotii.. 
Baglim [bfi-Iye'-ve], his description of tarantis- 

mus, v. 668, 2 o. 
BiGH6EE8'DB-BiooBRB, and B.-de-Luchon [bi- 

nyair-dilh-be-gor, -]ii-sho°'], bathing towns 

of Prance, II. 216. 
Bagnolen'm, I. 243, 3 b (Albakessbs) ; IV. 

116, 1 b (Oathabists). 
Bagnoles [bS-nynl], hamlet of France, II. 2IG. 
Bago'as, eunuch, of&cer of Artaserses Ochus, 

II. 216. 
Bag of waters, XII. 569, 3 c, 670, 1 a (Ob- 

STETBICS). 

Bago'iei: see Bagoas, II, 316, 2 c, 

Bao'ot, Sir Charles, English diplomatist, II. 

216. 
Bagpipe, musical wind instrument, II. 217. 
Bagpipes, moUuscoid animals, XI. 725, 1 ab. 

BAfiBADAS': SeeMEJERDA. 

Bagraf, or Bagrad', II. 317, 1 b. 
Bagratidbs, or Bagradites [bS-grat'-ida, ha- 

grad'-ita], a royal family, II. 317; I. 723, 

2b; 734, 1 c. 
Baobatios, Peter [b^-gri'-te-on], prince, II, 

217. Family, I. 733, 2 b. 
Bagri [ba-gra'], a fish, YIII. 279, 1 c. Its 

method of hatching its eggs, VII. 239, 2 ab. 
Baguet [ba-g^n, a kind of tulip, XVI. 36, 2 b. 
Basul, or Baghul [bS-gUr], state of India, II. 

317. 



Bohr Bela-ma, i 



r without water, XIV". 389, 



ur, SAah Mohammed [bh-hi'-door], titu- 
lar Mogul emperor, V. 781, 1 be, 

Baha'mas, islands, II. 217. 

Basawalpook : see BnxwiLPOOR. 

Bahia [ba-e'-a], province of Brazil, 11. 218. 
Capital town, 3 c. 

Bahia Ae Todos Santos [b^-E'-a da to'-doce sin'- 
toce] r see All Saists' Bay. 

Bakia Sonda expedition, X. 635, 1 a. 

Bahb, Johann Christian Felis [bairj, German 
philologist, II, 319. 

Bahr Banias, lake, IX. 683, 3 a. 



Bahrdt, Karl Friedrich, Gorman theologian, 
II. 319. 

Babeein (or Aval) Iblanbs, II, 319. 

Bahr-el-Abiad (Nile), 1. 166, 2 b. Bee Nile. 

Bakri dynasty, SI. 73, 2 b. 

Bakr Khait, lake, IX. 683. S a. 

Bahurutse, African tribe, I!. 438, 2 b. 

Bai'.b, ancient town, 11. 220. 

Baian, Arar khan, II. 158, 3 c. 

Baidarkas, skin boats, X. 40^ 1 a. 

Baidiglio [bi-de'-lyo], marble, IV. 24, 2 c, 

Baikai. [bi-kai'], lake, II. 220. Baikalian 
mountains, 2 a. 

Baikie, Dr., African explorer, II. 532, 3 e. 

BArt, in law, II. 230. Bail below, 3 b ; above, 
ib. Bail piece, 3 c. Common bail, 221, 1 a. 
Special bail, in a civil action, XIV. 331, 1 ab. 

Bailen: see Batlen. 

Bai'ley, Gamaliel, American journalist, II. 231. 

Bailey, Jacob Whitman, American naturalist, 
II. 321. 

Bailey, Lieat. Col. Joseph, American en^neer, 
I. 290, 1 0. 

Bailet, Nathan, English lexicographer, II. 221. 

Bailey, Philip James, English poet, 11. 221. 

Bailet, Samuel, English philosopher, II. 331. 

Bailey, Theodorus, American naval officer, II. 
333. 

Bailie, a Scotch officer, II, 333, 1 c. 

Baiuff, II. 233. Bailiwick, 1 b. Bound bail- 
iff (vulgarly, bum-bailiff), ib. 

Baillet, Adrien [bfi-ya], French writer, II. 222. 

Bailledl [b5-ytll], town of France, II. 332. 

Bahliaob [bil-yaah], II. 332. 

Bail'ub, Joanna, Scottish poet, II. 222. 

Baillie, Matthew, Scottish physician, II. 223. 

Baillie, Eobert, Scottish theologian, II. 223. 

Baii.lot, Pierre Marie Francois de Saks [hH- 
yo], French violinist, II. 228. 

Bailly, Jean Sylvain [bS-ye], French astron- 
omer and statesman, II. 233. His theory of 
the origin of Hindoo astronomy, 48, 2 b. 

Bailme\t, in law, II, 224. 

Bailpi^ee, in law, XIV. 231, 1 ab. 

Sails, in the game of cricket, V. 483, 1 c. 

Bai'lt, Edward Hodges, English sculptor, II. 
334. 

Baily, Francis, English astronomer, 11. 224. 

Baily, Nittkan: see Bailey. 

Baily's group of islands, HI. 67, 2 ab. 

Bais, Alexander, Scottish philosopher, II, 224. 
On logic, X. 582, 1 c. 



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BAIN 

Bain, Alexander, inventor of an electric clock, 
IV. 700, 2 a ; of the electro-chemical tele- 
graph, XV. 613, 3 b. (Died I8T7.) 

£am'bridge, county aeat, V, 748, 1 a, 

Bainbeldqe, William, American naval officer, 
II. 224. Hifl captivity in Tripoli, 225, 1 be, 
and SSS, 2 be. 

BAiKiM [bi-rfim'J, name of Mohammedan holi- 
days, II. 225. 

BiiRD, Sir David, British general, II. 233, 

Baibd, Robert, D. D., American clergyman, II. 
225. 

Baied, Spencer Fullerton, American natural- 
ist, II. 226. Hia classification of mammals, 
XI. 81, 1 c. 

Bairdatowh : see Bardstown, 

Baiebuth, or Bayreuth [bl'-roit], city of Ger- 
many, II. 226 (ill.). 

Bamkrs [ba-se-a], opuratora in the Paris 
bourse, XV. 388, 2 o. 

Baics, Michael, Flemish theologian, II. 337. 

Ba^aua, aea gypaiea, II. 264, 2 be. 

Bajazkt', Bajazid, or Bayazid [Ijii-ya-zeed'], two 
eultana, JI. 227. B^azct I., allusions to, I. 
237,1b; 446, lab. 

Bajazid, or Bayazid, town of Armenia, II. 227. 

Bakao9, Tamfis [bok'-oteh], Hungarian states- 
man, II. 227. 

Bakalahabi [bgrka-ld-hi'-re], African tribe, 
II. 238; 438, 2 be. 

Baked-apple Imry, XIV. 209, 2 e. 

Baeeh, four counties, II. 228. 

Bakbb, Edward Dickinson, American senator 
and soldier, II, 238. 

Bakeb, Henry, Englibh teacher of the deaf 
and dumb, 11. 228. 

Bakee, Osmon Oleander, D. D., American bish- 
op, II. 328. 

Baker, Sir Samuel White, African esplorei", 
II. 239, and I. 167, 1 c. Commissioned to 
check the slave trade, 1. 171, 1 a. 

Baeewbll, town of England, II. 22S. 

Bakbwbll, Eobert, English agriculturist, II. 
229. 

BAKHMor [ba'h-moof], town of Russia, II. 229. 

BAKnTcnisEEAi [b^'h-che-sa-ri'J, town of the 
Crimea, II. 339. 

Bakhtboam', lake of Persia, II. 230. 

Bakktiars, nomadic tribe, IX. 180, 1 e. 

Bakhtish'wa, family of Nestorian physicians, 
II. 230. 

le BAOKHnTSKN, 
i [bfi'h-te-yfi'-re], Persian tribe, X. 
724, 2 ab. 



BALBI 



69 



BaJdng powA^^ : see Yeast Powdeps. 

Baeojts [bok'-6ny'], or Forest of Bakony, 
mountain range of Hungary, II. 230. 

Bakoo: see Baku. 

Baku [bS-koo'], a government of Russia, 11. 
230. Capital town, 2 c. 

Bakonct, Mikhail [h^koo-nin'], Russian revo- 
lutionist, II. 231. 

Bahwaina, African tribe, II. 438, 3 b. 

Bal, or Beal (= Baal), Irish deity, II. 178, 3 a. 

Balaam [ba'-lam], soothsayer, 11. 231. 

Balabala [bi-Ia-ha'-la], tree fern, VII. 110, 1 b. 

BaJada, ballad of the troubadours, XII. 88, 2 b. 

BaMna (zoology), XVI. 580, 1 c. B. myati- 
cetus, j6. (ilL). B. australis, 3 c. 

BahmidtE, family of whales, XVI. 580, 1 b. 

BaUmop'tera lo'6pa (zoOlogy), XIV. 439, 2 a 
(iU.). 

B-ilaka, African tribe, II. 438, 2 b. 

Balaklava [ba-la-kia'-va], town of the Crimea, 

II. 231 (ill.). Balaklava-Greek battalion, 3 b. 
Slaughter of Lord Cardigan's light brigade 
at, 2 c. 

Balalaika [bA-la-li'-ka], musical instrument, II. 
233. 

Bal'ance, 11. 332. Common, 1 c (ill.). Con- 
ditions of greatest delicacy, 388, 1 a. Chem- 
ical balance, 1 c (ill.). Spring balance, II. 
234,2c; VI. 489, 3bc; XVI.637,1 c. Bal- 
ance, or scales, antiquity of, 3 o. Torsion 
balance, Coulomb's, II. 334, 1 c. Michell's, 
for measuring the earth's density, VI. 357, 
3 (ill.). Torsion balance electrometer, 503, 
2 be (ill., 504). See PreeUl (Index). 

Balanee in hooMteeping, HI. 80, 2 a and c. 

Balance oforga/rm -MiMTe, V. 880, 1 c. 

BaJanee of a watch, W. 700, 3 c. Balance 
wheel, iS. 

Balangciki [bar-lfln-gbe'-ne], islet, II. 234. 

Balani-nm nu'eum (entomology), XVI. 538, 1 a. 

Bala ED, Antoine J6r6me [bS-lar], French 
chemist, II. 285. His discovery of bromine, 

III. 307, 3 c. 

Balaeuc [ba-lSrrti], watering place of France, 
II. 235. 

Balasoee', city of India, II. 335. 

Balas riAy, XV. 271, 2 b. 

B A LASS A- G Y ABMA TH [bol'-osh-sha w -dyor'-Diot], 
town of Hungary, II. 335. 

Balaton, Lake, 11. 235. 

Balaustinet [ba-laws'-tins], flowers of pome- 
granate, XHI. 692, 2 ab. 

Balbi, Adriano [bfll'-bo], Italian geographer, 
II. 335. Eugenio, geographer, 2 b. 



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10 



BALBI 



Balbi, Giovanni ds Janua or Janueasis, Do- 
minican friar and author, II. 335. 
BiLBi, Oountess de, II. 235. 
Balbi'nus, Decimus CasliuB, Eoman emperor, 

IL 335. 
Balbo, Cesare, count, Italian statesman, II. 236. 
Balbo'a, Vasco Nanez de, Spanish discoverer, 

II. 336. 
Baibeig'oah, town of Ireland, II. 236. 
Balbuen^a, Bernardo de [bal-bwa'-aa], Spaniali 

poet, II. 286. 
Bal'bds, Lucius Oomelius (Major), Ronian con- 

anl, II. 236. Lucius Cornelius (Minor), 2 c. 

Quintus Lucilius, pliiloaoplier, 23T, 1 ab. 

Lucius Octavius, jurist, 1 b. Titus Ampius, 

tribune, ib. 
Baldk, Jaltob [b^'-d6b], German poet, II. 33T. 
Baldi, Bernardino [bSl'-do], Italian scholar, 

II. 23T. 
MM-pate (widgeon), IIL T33, 2 a; XVL 615, 

2 c. 
BaldT : see Baldhb. 
BAL'nrB, Balder, or Baldr, in Scandinavian 

mytiiology, II. 237 ; XII. 119, 2 c. 
Baldur, or Phol, in German mythology, XII. 

120, 1 c. 
Baldwin [bawtd'-win], two counties, II. 237. 
Baldwin, counts of Flanders, II. 238. 
BALDwitf, emperors of Conatantinople, 11. 238. 
Baldwiit, kings of Jernaalem, IL 238. 
Baldwin, John Dennison, American journalist 

and archaeologist, II. 239. 
Baldwin'^ phoaphorua : see PHOsPHOEna (Index). 
Sdle [hS\]i see Basel. 
Salear'wa (ornithology), V. 4S7, 2 o; 4S8, 3 

ab. B. pavonina, 468, 2 ab (ill.). 
Baleae'ic Islands, II. 239. 
Balea/ric sea, part of the Mediterranean, SI. 

353, S c. 
BaleaTWus, surname of Q. C. Metellus, If. 239, 

2a, 
BalearU Minor: see Miitoeca. 
BALfcoHou, Jean Jacques Nioolaa [bS-ia-shoo], 

French engraver, II. 239. 
Baleen' : see Whalebone. 
Balen, Ilondrik van [bd'-len], Flemish painter, 

n. 939. 
Balbs'tba, Antonio, Italian painter, II. 239. 

Giovanni, referred to, 2 c. 
Balfe, Michael William [bfilf ], Irish composer, 

IL 289. Victoria, vocalist, 240, 1 c. 
Balfoitr, Alexander [bSl'-foor], Scottish au- 
thor, II. 240. 
Balfoub, Sir James, Scottish jurist, II. 240. 



BALLOONIKG 

BALForii, Walter, American clergyman, II. 240. 
Balfbush [bSl-froosh'], town of Persia, II. 240. 
.BaJ/'u)'!MA [bSl-foo-roosh']: see Balfbusd. 
Bali [ba'-le], island, IL 240. 
Bali, in Hindoo mythology, II. 159, 1 b ; in 

Scandinavian mythology, XII. 120, 1 a. 
Salik-Denghis [bSr-leek'-den-gheeas'j, Turkish 

name of the sea of Azov, IL 175, 1 b. 
Baliol : see Balliol. 
BalUaur [bfl-le-sonr'], Indian badger, IL 213, 

1 ab (ill.). 

Balizb [ba-leez'j, town, II. 241. See Hos- 

DUBA8, British. 
Balkan' Mountains, II. 241. 
Balkash', lake of Siberia, II. 241. 
Baled [bM'h], country of central Asia, IL 

241. Capital city, 242, 2 h. 
Balkhash: see Balkash. 
Ball, Game of; see Base Ball. 
Ball, Joiin, English preacher, II. 242. 
Bali, Thomas, American sculptor, II. 242. 
Ballasche, Pierre Simon [hai-lfl''sh], French 

writer, U. 242. 
Bal'lanttnb, James, Scottish printer, IL 242. 

John, puhhsher, 243, 1 h. 
Ballan wrime, fish, XVL 734, 1 e (ill.). 
Ballabat', city o£ Australia, II. 243, 
Bal'laed, county, II. 243. 
BallardiviUe, county seat, IIL 83, 1 c. 
Ballekstkdt [bal'-len-atet], town of Germany, 

II. 243. 
Ballet [bai-l5], IL 243 ; X. 712, 2 ab. 
Ballina [baHe-nS'], seaport of Ireland, II. 244. 
Ballinabloe [bSl-le-na-sIo'J, town of Ireland, 

II. 244. 
Balling, Karl Joseph Napoleon [bfll'-Iing], 

Bohemian chemist, II. 244. 
Balliol, John [biil'-yul], king of Scotland, II. 

244. Edward, king, 2 h. 
Balliol eellege, founders of, II. 244, 2 nb. 

Notice of, Xn. 764, 2 c ; 765, 1 c. 
Ballis'ta, military engine, II. 245. A namo 

of the crossbow, 1 be. Ballistarius, ib. 

Mention of, IV. 101, 2 a. 
Balloos'; see Aebonautics. First construc- 
tion of, I. 146, 2 c (ill., 146). Modem, 149, 

2 a (ill.). Valve, Giffard's, 2 c (ill., 150). 
Concave appearance of the earth as seen 
from it, 150, 1 c. 

Balhonjish, XIV. 738, 2 o (ill., 739). 

Ballooning : see AEeonaotics. Use of hydro- 
gen gas discovered, 1. 145, 1 c. First fatal 
accident, 146, S a. Number who have per- 
ished, 2 b. Ascents in the interest of sci- 



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BALLOONS 

ence, 147, 1 a; the most remarkable, 

Uae in war, 148, 1 c, 2 a, b, c ; for observing 

the aan's eclipse, 149, 1 c. 
B/iUoons, monntam Bummits of tLe Vosgea, 

VIL 367, 1 be. 
Balloon toyage, first sacceasf nl, I, 146, 3a; II. 

693,3 b; IS. D99, 3 a. 
Bal'iot, II. 345. In Athens, 1 o. lu Eomc, 

2 ab. In tho United States, 2 b. In Europe, 
246, 1 a. In England, 1 b. 

Balloting, of a shot. VIII. 334, 2 o (ill., 33S). 

BalhtUment [bfll-liit-mfl"], in obstetrics, XIL 
569, 1 a. 

Ballod, Ilosea [bal-Ioo'], American clergyman, 
II. 246. Hosea, clergyman, 3 a. Matnrin 
Murray, journalist, 3 b. Moaes, author, iS, 

BalV» Bluff, battle of, XVI. 176, 1 a. 

Ball'ston Spa [spS, or spaw], village of Few 
York, II. 346. 

Ballue de Bellan^lise [bS-lQ diib bel-fi"'-gleez], 
Bfiranger's schoolmaster, II. 547, I ab. 

Ballimb'na, town of Ireland, II. 34G. 

Balme, Col de [kul diih bfilm], paaa in the 
Alpa, L 354, 1 c. 

Balmeb, Jaime Lucio [b&l'-mace], Spanish theo- 
logian and philosopher, II. 347. 

Balm or Gilead [bam], a plant and its balsam, 
II. 247 (ill.). Balm of Gilead trees, 1 c; 
VII. 308, 1 a (balsam fir, ilL); XIII. 712, 

3 a (haUam poplar), 

Balmo'eal, Queen Victoria'ssummer residence, 

II. 247. 
Baijjav'bs, Henry, Scottish reformer, II. 347. 
Balsam [bawl'-sum], in botany, IL 347. Gar- 
den balsam, 348, 1 a (ill.). A name of Men- 

zies's spruce, SV, 391, 1 c. See BALaAMs. 
Balsam coaat. Central America, II. 248, 3 b. 
Balmm fir, tree, VII. 308, 1 a (ill.). Eraser's 

balsam fir, 3 b. Balsam of fir, tnrpentine, 

XVI. 77, 1 be. 
BaUamine [bawl'-sa-min], garden balsam, II. 

248, 1 b. 
Bahamito [bfll-aa-raS'-to], tincture of balsam, 

II. 248, 3 c. 
Bahamo, Qiim^pe [bM'-sa-nio], real name of 

the impostor, count di Cagliostro, III. 548, 

2 be. 
BaUamodeti'dron, Shreiibergmn'um (botany), 

XII. Ill (ill.). B. Gileadense, II. 347, 1 a; 

250, 1 c. 
Balsam popla/r : see Poplak, XIIL 713, 3 a. 
Balsams, II. 248. Balsam of Peru, 3 b (ill.). 

Black balsam, 349, 1 a. Balsam of Tolu, 1 b 

(ill.). Stjrax officinalis, 3 b (ill.). Canada 



BAMFF 



71 



balsam, 3 c. Balsam copaiba, 250, 1 a (ill.). 
Balsam of Mecca, 347, 1 a; 250, 1 c. 

Balta [bM'-ta], town of Russia, II. 250. 

Bai.taccuisi, Saverio [b&l-tak-ke'-no], Italian 
poet, II. 350. Michele, historian and novel- 
ist, 3 b. 

Balta Limak [le-mdn'], bay, II. 350. 

Baltakd, Louis Rerre [bSi-tar], French archi- 
tect, II. 350. Victor, architect, 3 o. Pros- 
per, architect, 351, 1 ab, Jules, paicter, ifi. 

Baltic [bawl'-tib], battle of the, XII. 231, 1 c. 

Baltic Sea, U. 351. 

Baltimohb [bawl'-te-more], county, II. 252. 

Baltihobe, city, H. 353. View from Federal 
hill, 263. Genera! appearance, 1 a. Public 
buildings, 3 c. Churches, 254, 1 ab. Charita- 
ble institutions, 1 be. Education, 1 c. Pea- 
body institute, 355, 1 a. Washington monu- 
ment, lb (ill.). Battle monument, ». Banks, 
2 a. Insurance companies, 3 b. Government, 
ib. Water supply, 3 c. Intercommunication, 
ib. Commerce, 256, 1 a. Productive indus- 
try, 1 c. History, ib. 

Baltimojib, Lord: see Calveet, III. 639, 1 e. 

Baltimohb Bibd, II. 257 (ill). 

Baltimore clippers, XIV. 857, 3 c. 

Baltimore oriole: see Baltimobe Biei>. 

Baltzeb, Jotiann Baptist [bfilt'-ser], German 
theologian, II. 258. 

Baltzbr, "Wilhelm Eduard, German clergyman 
and author, II. 258. 

Balue, Jean de la [diih IS h3-lil], French prel- 
ate and statesman, II. 258. 

Balcffi, Gaetano [bii~loof'-fe], Italian prelate, 
II. 358. 

Baluzb, Etionne [bS-luz], French historian, II. 
258. 

Bamiao, Honorfi de [bSl-zSk], French novelist, 
II. 358. Laure de, writer, 359, 3 b. 

Balzac, Jean Louis Guez, seigneur de, French 
writer, II. 359. 

Bambab'sa, district of Africa, II. 360. 

Basibeiio [bam'-bairg], town of Germany, II. 
360. 

Bamboccio [ham-bot'-cho], Dutch painter (Pe- 
ter van Laer), II. 360. 

Bamboo', plant, II. 361 (ill.). Bamboo leaves, 
flowers, and truit (ill.), 3 a. 

Bambook', country of Africa, II. 362. 

Barnbuh-KaMsi [bam-book'], site of Hierapolis 
inPhrygia, Vin. 718, la. 

Bambu'sa arundina'cea (botany), II. 361, 1 a. 

Bamhy'ce, ancient city, VIII. 718, 1 a. 
Iff: see Basff. 



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72 



BAMIAN" 



BAMiiB [bto-jan'], valley, pass, and town of 

AfghaBistan, II. 262. 
Bwmo: see Bhamo. 
Bamptos Lectdebs, II. 262. 
Bammrm [ba'-mooms], race of India, IX. 213, 

2 c. 
Bamyan : see Bamiah. 
Bait, a title, II. 262 ; V. 493, 2 a. 
Ban, a proclamation, II. 2112. Baa and arri^re 



See 2 



, 1 a. 



aa], plant, II. 263 (ill.). Tlan- 



Basasa [1 

Banaka Islands, coast of Africa, II. 2G4, 

Bananal', island of Brazil, II. 364. 

Banana shrub, a species of magnolia, XL 21, 

1 c. 
Ban'at, district of Hungary, II. 264. 
San Bank : see Bank Ban. 
Bas'bubt, town of England, II. 264. 
Hanoa, island of the Malay archipelago, II. 264. 
Bancroft, Aaron, American clergyman, II. 265. 
BANORorT, Edward, English naturalist and 

physician, II. 365. 
Banoeoyt, George, American historian and 

statesman, II. 265; XVI. 192, 3 a. 
Bancroft, H. H., hia worli on the native races 

of the Paoifio states, XVI. 204, 1 ah. 
Basceoft, Richard, English prelate, II. 267. 
Banda Islands, in the Molnccaa, 11. 26T. 
Banda Okiental ; see Uruotjay, and 1. 693, 2 c. 
Bandae'ra, Gonzalo Annes, Portuguese im- 
provisator, II, 267. 
Bandel, Joseph Ernst von [bSn'-del], German 

sculptor, n. 267. (Died 1876.) 
Bahdel'lo, Mattoo, Italian novelist, II. 268. 
Bande'ba, county, II. 268. 
Bandera City, county seat, II 2fi^, 1 e 
BABDarciNi, Teresa [b&n-det-t5 -ne], Italian 

poetess, II. 268. 
Bak'bicoot, animal, II. 268 Bandid bindi 

coot, 2 a (ill.). Long-nosed bandicoot, i6 

Ohceropus, 2 bo. 
Basdieka, Attilio and Emiho [bun-de-ii -ra], 

Italian patriots, 11, 268. 
BandiUero [bSn-de-iyS'-ro], in bull fighting, 

IIL 426, 1 b. 
Baitoinbl'li, Baccio, Italian sculptor, II. 269. 
BandmeUi, Solando, name of Pope Alexander 

ni., T. 279, 1 c. 
Bandoline [ban'-do-lin], quince mucilage, XIV. 

152, 1 be 
Ban'don, river of Ireland, II. 269. Town, 1 c. 
Bandonhridge : seeBANBON. 
Bandtee, or Bandtltio, Jcrzy Samuel [bfint'- 



ka, -kya], Polish historian, 11. 269. Jan 
Wincenty, 1 c. 

Barwes: see Banyans (Indes). 

Bamkr, Johan [bS'-ner], Swedish general, 11. 
269. 

Banff [bamf], town of Scotland, 11. 269. 
County : see Banffshieb. 

Banffshiee, county of Scotland, IL 269. 

Bang, or Baiy, narcotic dmg, II. 369 ; 798, 
2 c ; VIII. 633, 1 ab. 

Banga, sultan of Baghirmi'a title, II. 216, 2 a. 

Bangalang', slave factory of. III. 720, 2 o. 

BangdU [ban-gl'-le], or Bengalee', language, 
IX. 216, 3 c. Alphabet of, 217, 1 c. Gram- 
mar of, 2 c. 

Banoaloke', city of India, II. 269. 

Bangin'gee : sec BAUkMomNi. 

Bangkok', capital of Siam, II. 270. 

Bangla: see Fyzabad. 

Ban'goe, city of Maine, II. 270. 

Bangoe, city of Wales, IL 271. Town of 
Ireland, 1 c. 

Bangor, demolition of the monastery of, VI. 
445, 2 ah. 

Bangs, Nathan, D. D., American clergyman, 
n. 271. 

Bangwaketse, African tribe, II. 438, 2 b. 

Banialuka [ha-nya-Ioo'-lia], town of Bosnia, 
IL 271. 

Banian [ban'-yan or ban-yan'], tree, IL 271 ; 
ill., 272. 

Banians: see itonyarw (Index). 

Banias [bl'-ne-as], river, IX. 683, I c. 

Ba'him, John, Irish novelist, II. 272. Michael, 
novelist, 1 o (died 1874). 

Bak'istbr, village of Virginia, II. 372, 

Baniyaa [b£i-ne'-y&s], Indian merchants, IX. 
313, 3 be ; 214, 3 ab. 

Banj : see Baso. 

Banjebmas'sin, state of Borneo, II. 272. Chief 
town, 2 c. 

Ban'jo, musical instrument, IT. 372. 

Bakk, IL 273. Origin of tbenamo, la. Bank 
of New Ilium, 1 b ; of Venice, 1 e ; of Ge- 
noa, 3 b; of Barcelona, ib.; of Amsterdam, 
2 be; of Hamburg, 274, 1 a. Bank of Eng- 
land, »., ff. Peel's bank act, 276, 1 b. 
Statistics of bank of England, 276 (table). 
Early English hanking, I ab. Other Eng- 
lish banks, 1 c. Scotch, 3 c. Bank of 
France, 277, 1 ab. Banks of Belgium, 1 c; 
of the Netherlands, 2 b; of Austria, 2 be; 
of Germany, 278, 1 b; of Switzerland, 1 c; 
of Italy, 2 a. Banking in the United States, 



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BANK 



1 0. Bank of North. America, ib. First 
bault of the United States, 279, 1 c; second, 
280, 1 be; reohartered b? Pennajlvfliiln, 2 
bo; its final suspension, 2 c. State banlis, 
a. " Suffolk bank system," 281, 1 a. Ka- 
tional banks, ib. ; statistics of, 282, 1 b 
(table). Banks of Canada, 2 a. Clearing 
honse, 2 be. 

Bask Ban, a Hungarian military governor, 
II. 283. Dramas upon, 1 c. 

Banker'g card, in faro, VII. 89, 2 a. 

BatiMng: see Bask. 

Bankmg pirn, in the lever escapement of a 
wateh, IV. 703, I o. 

Banking aysttm, it^&, XH. 363, 1 c. 

Bank-note engraving : see EsGRiviNG, VI. 
864, I a. 

Banh of Ameriea, New York, attempt to de- 
feat the charter of, XV. 793, 2 e. 

Bank of England, II. 374, 1 b. Its origin, 
X. T68, 3 b ; XIII. 165, 2 c. 

Bank of North America, II. 279, 1 ab. 

Bahkbcpt, II. 283. Bankrupt laws of 
land, 383, 1 a ; of the United States, 

1 ; of France, ib. ; of Holland, 3 a. 
Bankruptcy : see Babkrupt. 
Babks, county, II. 285, 

Banks, John, English dramatist, II. 285. 

Basks, Sir Joseph, English naturalist and trav- 
eller, II. 285. 

Bases, Nathaniel Prentiss, Amerii;an states- 
man and general, II. 286. 

Banks, Thomas, English sculptor, II. 286. 

Banks and hankers, as mandataries, XI. 99, 

2 b. 

Basksia (botany), II. 280. B. speciosa (ill.), 

287. 
"Bank war," political, on tbe bank of the 

United States, IX. 493, 2 c. 
Ban'naoks, Indian tribe, II. 287. 
Bannekke, Benjamin, negro mathematician 

and astronomer, II. 287. 
Banner, VII. 349, 1 b (Flag). 
Bannbebt, feudal title, II. 387; IV. 497, 1 a. 
BANSooKBDits, village of Scotland, II. 278. 

Battle of, ib. ; HI. 8S2, 1 c. 
Basns of Matkimont, II, 288. 
Bafloa del Tnca [fa&'-nyoce]. III. 559, 1 b. 
Banquette [bfi-'-ket], of the French diligence, 

IV. 724, 1 a. 
Bas'qtto, Scottish thane, II. 288. 
Banmroff, Dorji [ban-sa'-rof], Mongolian sci- 

enUst, III. 465, I b. 
Ban'sheb, popular aupenstition, H. 288, 



BansticMe, fish, XV. 384, 1 b (Stickleback). 
Bantam', province of Java, II. 288. Town, 

2 b. 

Bantam fowls, IV. 783, 2 o, 
Ban'tino, William, London merchant, II. 288. 
His plan of diet to reduce corpulence, 289, 

Baste Y Bay, Ireland, II. 289. 

BantTt [ban-too'], group of African dialects, I. 

171, 1 c. 
Banyan, tree: see Banian. 
Banyans, Hindoo merchants, IX. 213, 2 be; 

214, 2 a. 
Banyas: see .ffanyajw (Index). 
Basz [banta], abbey of Bavaria, II. 289, 

Ba'obab, tree, II. 289 (ill.). Age of, I. 184, 

1 a, 
Bapads£E [ba-pOme], town of France, 11. 290. 
Ba'pUa nit'ida (botany), lU. 283, 1 o; 671, 

1 c (ill.). 

BAPn'oMET, knight templar's symbol, II. 290. 

Bap'tism, a Christian rite, 11. 390. In the 
Greek and Latin ehurches, 3 b. In many 
Protestant denominations, 391, 1 a. Condi- 
tional baptism, ii. As regarded by the 
Gnostics, VIII. 53, 2 c. Mode of in the 
Roman Catholic church, XIV. 396, 1 be ; in 
the Greek church at Constantinople, VIII. 
219, 2 ab ; in tbe Russian church, H. ; in 
Baptist churches, II. 292, 1 ab; in the Lu- 
theran church, X. 782, 1 b. 

Baptism, infant, ditficnlties in its relation to 
Protestantism, I. 450, I c. 

BaptUm of fire, expression applied by Napo- 
leon III, to his son's first exposure to the 
enemy's Are, III. 54, 1 bo ; 55, 2 bo. 

Bai-'tisteet, IL 291. Baptistery at Novara, 

3 c (ill.) ; of San Giovanni in Fonte, Rome, 
X 183, 3 ab; of Parma, XIIL 121, 3 a; of 
Pisa, 540, 2 b (ill.) ; of Florence, VII. 275, 

2 be. 

Bapitsts, II. 292, Their distinctive princi- 
ples, 1 a. In Great Britain and her colonies, 
2 be. On the continent of Europe, 293, 1 ab. 
In the United States, 1 b. Divisions, 2 a. 
History, 2 b. Statistics, 294, 1 o. 

Baptists, German, VI. 316, 1 c. Gorman 
Seventh Day Baptists, 3 b. 

Bar: see Bab-lb-Dbo, Bae-sck-Aube, and 
Bab-sthi- Seise. 

Bab, town of Russia, II. 394. 

Bar, in court rooms, II, 294. In legislative 
halls, 3 b. 



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Q heraldry, Till. 672, 1 c. 

I o/II. 394, 2 a; XIII. 647, 



Sar^ Mile, de (Mme. Piron), SIII. 540, 1 b. 

Baraba [bS-ra-ba'], steppe of Siberia, II. 294, 

Ba/rabintzi, tribe of Siberia, H. 294, 2 c. 

Barac'ca, meeting place of the carbonari. III. 
771, 1 0. 

Baeaco'a, town of Ouba, II. 294. 

Baeada [ba-r4'-da], river of Syria, 11. 296. 

£a/rad(^us, Jaeolus, organizer of the sect of 
Jacobitea, IX. 500, 1 bo; XI. 757, 2 bo. 

Bavofkllo, tower of the, in Como, V. 170, 3 c. 

Baeaua, Frederick, X>. D. [b6-rfl'-ga], mis- 
sionary bishop, n. 295. 

Babaguey d'IIilijebs, Louis [ba-ra-gfi de- 
lya], French general, II. 295, Achille, 
marshal of France, 1 e. 

Bahin'oef, Alesandor ADdreyevitoh, gover- 
nor of Ruaaian America, II. 296. 

Baeanoyf, Nikolai, Russian deaf-mute painter, 
II. 295. 

Babamte, Amable Guiilaume Prosper [bS- 
r^**!], baron de Brugifire, French etatesman 
and historian, II, 295. 

Babanta [bor'-on-yaw], county of Hungary, 
II. 290. 

Barata'rvi lay, X. 101, 2 ah. 

Ba/ratairian pirates, X. 101, 2 ah. In the bat- 
tle of New OrJeaos, IX. 490, 1 a, e. 

Baeatieb, Johann Philipp [bi-ri-tyfi], Ger- 
man scholar, II. 296, 

Baeatth'ski, Tevgeni Abrainovitch, Eassian 
poet, II. 296. 

BiEB, breed of horses, II. 296. Its use in 
cavaJry, IV. 142, 1 o. On the turf, XVI. 
46,2o; 47, lb, c,3a,b; 48, 2 a. 

Baebadoes [bar-bS'-doze], island, II. 296 ; ill., 
297. 

BaTladoM leg, a form of elephantiasis, VI. 522, 
2 a. 

Ba/rbadoe» tar, XI. 7l, 2 a. 

Bah'baea, Saint, II. 297. 

£arba'rea pr<B'MX (botany), XVI. 501, 2 a. B, 
vulgaris, SIV. 724, 2 c. 

Baebaebl'u, Giorgio : see Gioeoiokb. 

Baebabos'sa, Arudj, Horush, or Horult, ooraair, 
n. 297. Kha!r-ed-Din, 3 c. See I. 305, 3 a. 

Baebaeossa, Frederick: seeFsKDEBicK I., em- 
peror of Germany, VII. 450, 2 o. 

Barbaboux, Charles Jean Marie [bar-bS-roo], 
French revolutionist, II. 298. 

Sar'iary: see Eaebabt States. 

Barhary antelope, VII. 654, 2 c. 



BARBOUESVILLE 

Barlary ape, X. 767, 1 a (ill.) ; XI. 763, 1 b. 

Barhary gwm, X. 510, 3 a, 

Barbary Jume : see Baeb. 

Baebabt States, H. 298 ; I, 169, 3 b, 

Baebah'tbo, town of Spain, II. 298. 

Baebaulb, Anna Liotitia [bar-bo'], English 
writer, II, 298 ; I. 213, 2 c. 

Baebel, flsh, II. 298 (ill.). 

BarbeU, a name of the Congo, V. 341, 2 b. 

BABBfe-MAEBOis, Frangois de, count and mar- 
quis [bar-ba-raar-bwfl], French statesman, 11. 



Bab'beb, Francis, Dr. Johnson's 



, II. 



Baebeb, Francis, American officer, II. 399. 

Baebeeini [bar-ba-re'-ne], Italian family, II. 
299. Maffeo, pope as Urban VIII., 300, 1 a ; 
XVI. 222, 1 ab. Taddeo, prefect of Rome, 
II. 800, 1 ab. Francesco, cardinal, 1 b. An- 
tonio, cardinal, »S. Barbcrini library and 
palace, ji, Enrico, prince of Palestrina, 1 c. 

Barlm-ini or Portland 'Ctm, VIII. 8, 1 c (ill., 
2 b). "Wedgwood's copies of, XVI. 534, 3 b. 

Barlerpoet, IX. 568, 2 c, 

Bae'bebet, ahmh, II. 300 (ill.). Injnrioua to 
wheat, VII. 531, 1 c. Use in hedges, VIII. 
604, 3 c. Leaf of (ill.), X. 266, 3 c. Ferti- 
lization of by insects, YK.. 809, 1 e. 

BABBfis, Armand p)ar-bace], French revolu- 
tionist, IL 301. 

Barlet: see Poodle, XIII. 704, 3 o. 

Barhette [bar-bof], in fortification, VII. 334, 
2ab. 

Baebetrao, Jean [bar-ha-rak], French jurist, 
II. 301. 

BarUceh, in feathers, VII. 104, 1 b. 

Babbi£ du Booagb, Jean Denis [bar-bja da 
biih-kazh], French geographer, IL SOI. 

Babbiee, Antoine Alexandre [bar-byS], French 
bibliographer, IL 301. Edmond Jean Fran- 
cois, jurist, 2 ab. Henri Auguste, poet, 2 b. 
Paul Jules, dramatist, 2 c. 

Baebieei, Giovanni Francesco [bar-bya'-re] : 
see Gtibecino. 

Barhiton, musical instrument, X. 759, 3 c ; 
XVL 386. 2 c. 

Babbou pjar-boo], family of French printers, 
IL 301. 

Baeboue [bar'-ber], three counties, II. 303. 

Baeboue, James, American statesman, H. 303. 

Babboub, John, Scottish poet and historian, 
II. 803. 

Barbourseille, county seats. III, 624, 2 c; X. 
S3, 1 c. 



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BARKING 



Barli, in feathers, VII. 104, 1 a. 

Bar'Jmlm, in feathers, VII. 104, 1 ab, 

Barbm (ichtbyologj-), II. 998, 2 o (ill.). 

Bab'by, town of Prussia, II. 302. 

Baboa, countr7 of Africa, II. 802. 

Baroa, ancient city of Ojrenaica, II. 303. 

BiECA, or Barcas, Panic epithet, II. 803. 

Bwr'ee : see Babca, oity. 

Babcklo'ha [Sp, bar-(fta-lo'-na], province of 
Spain, II. 803. Capital city. 2 ab (ill.). 
Bank of, 304, 1 b. Original bank of, 3T3, 
2 b. Treaty of, IV. 295, 2 ab. Bombard- 
ment of in 1842, X. 369, 2 o. Capture of 
by Peterborough, SIII. 854, 2 b. 

Baeobloka, Btate of Venezuela, II. 304. Capi- 
tal city, 2 bo. 

Ba/Fehvaeri, [bar'-'hoo-zen] ; see BARosnAusEN', 

Bahokhaussn', Johann Konrad [barlt'-how- 
zen], German physician and chemist, IT. 805. 

BiEOLAY, Alexander [bart'-Ie], English poet, 
II. 305. 

Baroiat, John, Scottish anatomist, II. 805. 

Babolat, John, English Latin author, II. 305. 

Babolat, or BarcIay-AUardice, Robert {Cap- 
tain Barclay), II. 805. 

Babolat, Eobort (Barclay of Ury), Scottish 
Quaker, U. 306. 

Bahciat, William, Scottish jurist, II. 806. 

Barclay, Captain, British naval officer, VI. 
713, 2 a. 

Barelayan museum, U. 30.'i, 1 c. 

Babolat db Tollt, Michael, prince, Euesiau 
general, 11. 806. 

Bab-Ookheba [bar-ko-'hSh-bfi'], Jewish insur- 
gent and impostor, 11. 306. Allusions to, I. 
226, 2 o; IX. 621, Ic 

Babd, professional poet, IT. 309. 

Baed, John, American physician, II. 307. 
Samuel, physician, 808, 1 a. 

Bardanea, Phitippkua [bar-da'-neez], Byzantine 
emperor. III. 516, lb; IX. 738, 2 ab. 

Bae'das, a Byzantine usurper, II. 808; 881, 
2a. 

Bar-Bekan : aee Babdesases. 

Bardbba'jtes, Syrian Gnostic, founder of a sect, 
II. 808. 

Baemli, Christoph Gfottfried [bar-de'-le], Ger- 
man metaphysical writer, II. 308. 

Babdin, Jean [bar-da"'], French ptunter, II. 
308. 

Bavdinet [bar-dl'-neez] : see BAHAnA. 

BAEMSoa: see Abmob, I. 734, I a (barding 
proper). 

Babdsiows, town of Kentucky, II, 308. 



75 

supposed ait« 



Bardu'li, ancient Greek t 

of, II. 315, 2 a. 
Baeb'bonk, Praise God, Englisli fanatic, II. 

308. Barobone's parliament, 2 be ; V. 506, 1 o. 
Barefooted Pbiabs asb Nttns, II. 308. 
BAEfeoES [ba-raizh], watering place of France, 

II. 309. 
Baebille, Jean Franpois, abbS [ba-ray'], French 

theologian, II. 309. 
Babeilx [ba-ra'-le], city of India, II. 309, 
Baebstz, Willem [bA'-rents], Dutch navigator, 

II. 30y. 
BAKiKB PB ViEUZAO, Bortraud [b5-rair dtlli 

vyflh-a^k], French revolutionist, II. 309. 
Babbt'ti, Giuseppe, Italian writer, II, 310. 
Bwrflsk, II. 868, 1 o. 
Baroain akd Sale, II. 310. 
Baege [bar'-jfl], town of Piedmont, II, 310, 
Bar'ham, Eichard Harris, English humorist, 

II. 310, 
Bar-Bebrm'vs: see ABULrABioiiTS. 
Babi [bS'-re], seaport; of Italy, II. 311. 
Babi, negro tribe, II. 311, 
Bari, Terra di, province of Italy, II. 811. 
Baeil'i-a, II. 311 i 5, 2 a; XV. 150, 1 a. 
Baeima [bS-re'-nia], river of South America, 

II. 311. 
Baeisas [b^-re'-nflss], (now Zamora), state of 

Venezuela, II. 312. City, 1 ab. 
Ba'bihg, family of, 11. 812. See AanBfRTOti, 

I. 807. Relationship with the Hope family, 

VIII. 811, 1 c, Thomas Baring on the 

financial crisis of 1847, XI, 736, 1 ab, 
Babing-Gotild, Sabine, English clergyman and 

author, II. 812. 
Baris, negro tribe : Bee Bari, 
Ba'riwm, ancient city : Bee Babi, Italy. 
Babiiim, metal, II. 312. Iodide of, XIII. 760, 

1 0. 
Bark, of trees, II, 318; XTH. 579, 1 o (ills.). 

Use of in tajining, X. 270, 2 b ; 272, 1 b ; 

274,2a; 377, 1 a; 278, lb. 
BarJe, a vessel, XIV, 855, 1 c, 
BarkaMine [bar'-kan-teen], a vessel, XIV, 855, 

3 b, 
Bae'ebb, Fordyce, American physician, II. 

314, 
Baekee, Jacob, American financier, U. 814. 
BarJcer, Prof., on the variation of atomic 

equivalence, II. 89, 1 ab. 
Barher't mill, VIII. 692, 1 a; XVI. 45, 1 a. 
Barh extract, X. 272, 2 c 
Baekinq, town of England, II. 314. Barking 

abbey, 3 o. 



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76 



BAEK LOUSE 



Sark louse, Harris's, XIII. 313, 3 ab (Peab), 

Barhpit, in hotbeds, IX, 8, 3 ab. 

"Bi-SLs/vs, Gaspar r see Baeelk. 

Bae-j-e-Dco [bar-mh-duk], town of France, 
U. 815 (ill.). 

Baglst'ia, town of Italy, II. 815, Siege of, 
Vin. 99, I bo. 

Babmita, Gflbriello, Italian preacher, 11. 315. 

Bar'lby, II. 315 (ills.). Enghsh barley, 1 ab. 
Fcarl barley, 816, I e. Use of in brewing, 
ni. 257, 1 b, ff. "Wine of, H. 469, 1 c. 

Barline», negro tribe, X. 398, 3 b. 

Barlow, Arthur, English navigator, I, 435, 
1 b. 

BiELOW, Joel, American poet, II. 316. 

Bablow, or Barlowe, WiDiam, English theolo- 
gian, II. 317. 

Barmecide femt, 11. 317, 3 a. 

Bab'mecides, family of Khorasan, II. 817. 

Barmek, Khaled im, II. 317, 1 c. 

Bab'mes, town of Germany, II. 817. 

Baexabab, Epistle of, II. 317. 

Bakhabas, Saint, 11. 818. 

Babnabites, reUgious order, II. 818; XI. 730, 
2e. 

Babsaolb (zoology), 11. 819. Goose barnacles 
(ili.), a. 

Barnacle goose (ornithology), VIII. 107, 3 a 
(ill.). 

Bar'habb, Frederick Augustus Porter, LL. D., 
American scholar and educator, II. 319. 

Baes'aed, Henry, LL. D., American scholar 
and edacator, II. 321}. 

Babsabd, John Gross, American military en- 
gineer, II. 320. 

Babhabd, Sir John, English merchant, II. 320. 

Basnatjl [bar-na-ool'], town of Siberia, II. 320. 

Babnate, Antoino Pierre Joaeph Marie [bar- 
niy], French revolntioniat, II. 331. 

BamiurtierSf political party, XV. 597, 1 a. 

Babneoat', village of New Jersey, II. 321. 
Bay of, 2 b. 

Baenes, Albert [barnz], American theologian, 
II. 331. 

Barnes, X^y Juliana : see Bernees. 

Babnes, Thomas, English journalist, II. 393. 

Barhbb, Wilhara, English poet and philologist, 
II. 323. 

Bammeld^s {gland : see OaarHA. 

Eab'kbveliit, Jan van Olden, grand pensionary 
of Holland, 11. 322; I. 738, I e; XI. 288, 1 
c ; XII. 248, 1 b-o. See Aabsess, Frans van. 

Barney, Joshua, American nava! ofScer, II. 



BAER 

Babhi, Jules Eomaiii [bar-ac], French author, 
II. 323. 

Bamlock, surname of Magnus I. of Sweden, 
XV. 608, 3 b. 

Babnslet, town of England, II. 323. 

Babs'stablb, county of Massachnsettg, 11. 323. 
Town, 2 b. 

Babsstaple, town of England, II. 323. 

Barndm, Phineas TayJor, American showman, 
II. 823. His engagement of Jenny Lind, X. 
601, 3 a. 

Baenweix, county, II. 324. 

Barnwell Court Souse, county seat, II. 324, 3 a. 

Baboaoh ; see Beoach. 

Barocci [bd-rot'-cho] : see Babocoio. 

Baeoocio, Fiori Federigo [ba-rot'-cho], Italian 
painter, II. 334. 

BAEOcnE, Pierre Jules [bfi-rfiah], French states- 
man, II. 824. 

Baeo'da, district of India, II. 324. Capital 
city, 325, 2 a. State procession at Baroda 
(ilL), ib. See Gxticowab. 

Barolong, African tribe, II. 438, 2 ah. 

Baeom'eteb, II. 326. Torricelli's, 836, 1 a (ill.). 
Guericte's, 1 o. Cistern barometer, 3 ab 
(ill.)- Greene's, 3 o (ills., 327). Siphon, 827, 
la; Gay-Lussac's, 1 o (ill.); Buntec's ira- 
proTed, iS. (ill.). Common indes and dial 
barometer, 2 a (ill.). Filling with mercury, 
3 c. Water barometer, 338, 1 b. Self- 
registering barometers, 1 0. Kaval barome- 
ters, 3 c (ill.). Cause of varying atmospheric 
pressure, 339, 1 ab. Boiling-point barometer, 
1 c. Aneroid, 2 a (ills.). Wheel barometer, 
invention of, XV!. 736, 2 bo. 

Baeometeioal Measuebmebt, II. 330. Baro- 
metric anomalies, 331, 1 o. 

Barometric pressure, XI. 444, 3 a. 

Baeok [ba'-rnn], title, II. 331. 

Bahos and Feme [fern], Norman French law 
term, II. 333. 

Baeonet, title, II. 332. 

Baeo'hics, or Baronio, Cesare, Italian his- 
torian, II. 333. 

Bahont, in England, II. 333. In Ireland, 2 a. 

Baros'ma erena'ta (botany), IH. 886, 1 a (iU.). 

Baroto [Ft. bS-rut], first name of baryta, II. 
813, 1 a. 

Baeot'se, valley and tribe of Africa, II. 832. 

Baeozzio da Vignola ; see Vigsola. 

Barqdisimeto [bar-ke-se-ma'-to], state of Vene- 
zuela, II. 383. Capital city, 333, I a. 

Baee, town of Germany, II. 338. 

Babe, kingdom of Africa, II. 333. 



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BAEEA 

Sarra, Africa: see Baee. 

BarraUo', county seat, XIV. 642, 3 c. 

Barba. IeLAHi>s, Scotland, II. 333. 

Baebackpoob', town of Bengal, II. 833 (i!!.). 

Baebal, Jean Augustin [bSr-rfil], French chem- 
ist and phyBJoian, II. 884. 

Babeas, Paul Franjois Jean Nicolas, oount de 
[bar-rfi], French revolntionist, II. 334; III. 
38, 1 be. 

Bar'batey, in maritime law, II. 384. In 
criminal law : see Babbetky. 

Barray ialanda: see Babea Islands. 

Babeb, Antoine Joseph le FSvre de la [Mil li 
har], French naval officer, II. 334. 

BiEBft, Isaao [Mr-ra'], English soldier and 
statesman, II. 335. 

Babb6oe8 : see Bak^ges. 

Bab'eel, II. 835, How made, 2 b. As a 
e of capacity, 2 c. Barrel bulk, 386, 



Baerkubb, Jacques [biir-rflh-Iya], French bot- 
anist, n. 836. 

£atvel of a feather. Til. 103, 3 b. 

Barrel of a fowling piece, eonatmction of, 
VII. 356, 3 a, ff. 

Barrel of<t watch, IT. 70I, 3 a. 

Bo/rrel or hand organ, XII. 631, 1 b, 

Babbeu, county, II. 336. 

Barrens, of Bairen oo., Kj., II. 33G, 1 c ; IX. 
708, lb; 799, 3 a. 

Baerbto, Francisco de [bfir-ra'-to], governor 
of the Portuguese Indies, II. 336. 

Barretor; see Babbetby. 

Baeebtet, in criminal law, II. 836. 

Baebett, Benjamin Fisk, American clergyman 
and author, II. 836. 

Baebett, George Horton, actor, II. 336. 

Barrett, Col. James ; see Cobcoed, T. 206, 1 o, ff. 

Babehbad, village of Scotland, II. 837. 

Barrie, county seat, XT. 68, 1 a. 

BarrOre d''Enfer [bSr-re-air da"«-iair], Paris, 
IT. 96, 1 (CATAooMna). 

Baekibe Eebfs, II. 887. 

Barrier treaty, H. 480, 2 c. 

BarrilU [8p. bftr-re'-lyfl] : see Baeiila. 

Baeeinoton, John Shnte-Barrington, viscount, 
Enghflh lawyer an 1 author II SS" William 
Wildman viioount 1 b Daines luri'it and 
naturalist if Samuel naval officer 1 o. 
Shute prelate iS 

BAERnroTON' Sir Jonah Irish lawjer and au- 
thor II 837 

Barrister, X. 387, 1 h (TjAwtee). 

Babbos, county, IF. 337. 



BAETA8 



n 



Baeeon, James, American naval officer, II. 337. 

Babbon, Samuel, naval officer, II. 338. 

Baebon, Samuel, naval officer, II. 338. 

Barron'^ loch, X. 563, 2 c. 

Baebos, Joao de [bSr'-roos], Portuguese histo- 
rian, II. 339. 

Baeeot, Oamille Hyacinthe Odilon [bS-ro], 
French advocate and statesman, 11. 339. 
Victorin Ferdinand, 2 b. 

Baeeow, a mound, II. 339; ills., 340. 

Baseow, river of Ireland, II. 340. 

Babbow, Isaac, Engliali divine and mathema- 
tician, II. 340. 

Baeeow, Sir John, English traveller and au- 
thor, II. 340. John, traveller and author, 
341, 1 a. 

Baeeow-in-Fueness, tovm of England, II. 341. 

Baeeow Steait, Arctic America, II. 341 . 

Barraly, in heraldry, VIII. 673, 1 a. 

Babruhdia, J036 Francisco [har-roon'-(fte-a], 
Central American statesman, II. 341. 

Baehy [bilr'-re], two counties, II. 341. 

Barry [bAr'-re], in heraldry, VUI. 673, 1 a. 
See plate (after p. 670), near the bottom on 
the left. 

Baery, Sir Charles, English architect, II. 341. 
Edward Middleton, architect, 2 c. 

Babet, Gerald, or Giraidus Cambrensis, Brit- 
ish historian, II. 342. 

Baebt, James, Irish painter, II. 343. 

Babet, John, American naval officer, II. 843. 

Babet, Marie Jeanne Gomard de Vaubemier, 
countess du, mistress of Louis XV., II. 342. 

Bahby, Martin, English physiologist, 11. 343. 

Tlarry, P., on budding, III. 404, 1 b. 

Bavry-iendy, in heraldry, VIII. 673, 1 a. See 
plate (after p. 670), near the bottom on the 
lea 

Barry Cornwall, psendonyme, XIV. 36, 2 c. 

Bars [borsh], county of Hungary, II. 343. 

Bahsao [bar-sSi], village of France, II. 343. 
Wines of, 1 b. 

Bars of the foot (of a horse). VIII. 836, 1 b. 

Babsd'ma, a Nestorian bishop, II. 343. A 
Syrian archimandrite, 1 e. 

Bab-sce-Aiibe [bar-silr-obe], town of France, 
II. 843. 

Bar-mr- Omain [-sar-or-ni"'] : see B4b-i.e-Ddc. 

Bab-sttb-Seike [-sUr-saJn], town of France, II. 
343. 

Bart, Jean [bar], French naval officer, II. 843. 
Francois, 3 be. Gaspard, -iS. 

Baetas, Guillaurae do Salluste du [dtl bar-tSs], 
French poet, II. 343. 



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78 



BAETFELD 



Baktfblii [bart'-felt], town of Hungary, 11. 343. 
Bakth [bart], town of Prussia, II. 844. 
Baeth, Christian Gottlob, Germaa divine and 

philaothropist, IL 844. 
Barth, Heinrioh, German explorer, II. 844 ; 

532, 2 be. 
BAETufiLBMY, Aoguste Marseille [bar-tail-me], 

French poet, II. 345. 
BARTHfeLEMT, Frangois, marquis de, diploma^ 

fist, II. 345. 
BAHTHiLEMT, Jean Jacques, archieologist and 

author, II. 346. 

BAHTHiLEMT-SilNT-HlLAIEK, JuloS [-Sa^-te- 

lair], savant, II. 346. 

Barthk: see Babthez. 

Babthez, Paul Joseph [bar-tace], Jrencli phy- 
sician, II. 346, Antoine Charles Ernest de, 
physician, 2 b. 

Baetuold, Friedricfi Wilhelm [bar'-t6lt], Ger- 
man historian, II. 346, 

BAETHOLnT, Jakob Salomon [bar-tole'-de], 
Prussian diplomatist, II. 346. 

Babtholin, Kaspar [bar'-to-lin], Danish phy- 
sician and sayant, II. 347. Thomas, physi- 

BaHholin, duct of, XIV. 666, 1 c. 
BarthoWnim, Eramnm, his discovery of double 

refraction, X. 441, 2 a. 
JSartftolamdus laie [bar-to -lo-m3'-oos], Bava- 
ria, II. 560, 1 c, 
Babthol'ombw, county, n. 847. 
Baetholombw, Saint, II. 84T. Miirtyrdom of, 

2 b ; I. 724, 2 b. 
BARrnoLOMEW, Saint, massacre of, II. 347. 

See Chables IX., IV. 287, 2 c ; OATnAKisK 

db' Mbdici, 114, 3 b ; I.'H6pital, X. 294, 1 a. 
Baetuolomew, Yalentiae, English painter, II. 

347. Anne Charlotte, painter and poetess, 

2 a. 
Baetholombw BiTOU, II. 847, 1 e. 
Bwrtholomeui'afair, London, VII. 68, 2 a. 
Baetlett, Elisha, American physiciaa and 

author, II. 349. 
Babtlett, Ichabod, American lawyer, II. 349. 
Baetlett, John Russell, American author, II. 

849. 
Babtj^bit, Joseph, American wit, poet, and 

adventurer, II. 360. 
Babubtt, Josiah, M. D., American patriot and 

statesman, II. 350. 
Babtlktt, William, one of the founders of 

Andover theological seminary, II. 350. 
Baetlett, William Henry, English artist and 

author, II. 850. 



BASAEJIK 

Bartlett oxide, zinc paint, XVI. 826, 2 b. 

ar'tol, Cyrus Augustus, American author 

and clergyman, II. 850. 
Babtoli, Daniele [bar'-to-le], Italian antlior, 

n. 351. 

tBTOLi, Pietro Santi, Italian engraver, II. 361. 
Bartoli, Taddeo and Doiaenica di: see Bae- 

Babtolibt, Lorenzo [bar-to-le'-ne], Italian 
sculptor, II. 851. 

Bar'tolo, Taddeo di, Italian painter, II. 351. 
Domenico di, painter, 2 b. 

Babtolommeo, Fra [frfi bar-to-lom-ma'-o], Ital- 
ian painter, II. 861. 

Baetolozzi, Francesco [bar-to-lot'-se], Italian 
engraver, II. 352. 

Baeton, two counties, II. 352. 

Baetox, Benjamin Smith, American naturalist, 
II, 352. WUliam P. C, botanist, 2 a. 

Baeton, Bernard, English poet, II. 362. Ma- 
ria Hact, 3 b. Lucy, ii. 

Baetoic, Elizabeth, the Holy Maid or the Nnn 
of Kent, religious impostor, II. 852. 

Barton, William, American soldier, II. 353. 
His capture of the British general Presoott, 
353, 1 a. Released from imprisonment for 
debt by Lafayette, 1 b. 

Babtow, county, II. 353, 

Babtbam, Jolin, American botanist, 11, 353. 
William, botanist and ornithologist, 3 a. 

Baetsch, Johann Adam Bernhard von, Ger- 
man engraver, IL 353. Friedrich Joseph 
Adam von, 2 c. 

Babtsoe:, Karl Friodricli, German philologist, 
II. 353. 

Babtioh [ba'-ruk], friend of the prophet Jere- 
miah, II. 853. Book of, 354, 1 a. 

Baey, Hendrik [b&-ri'], Dutch engraver, 11. 
354. 

Baeye, Antoine Louis [ba-rE], French sculp- 
tor, II, 854. 

Baryga'za, ancient city. III, 301, 2 c (Broach), 

Baby'ta: see BAmuM, II. 813, 1 a. 

Baryta mltpetre, XII. 463, 2 b. 

Baryta salts, II. 813, 2 a. 

Bary't^ i see Baricm, II. 818, 1 a. 

Bas [bfis], island of France, II, 354. 

Bag, Bithynian chie^ IL 669, 3 a. 

Basalt [ba-sawlf], rock, II, 354. Transition 
from the viti'eous to the atony texture, XVI. 
613, 2o; 514,1 a. 

Ba'sanite: see Ltdiau Stose. 

Basae'jik (properly Bazarjik), name of towns 
in European Turkey, IL 354. 



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BA8 

"Sa» Bleu, The" [M bliih], poem, II. 759, 
3 (Blue Stockinos). 

BiM Breton language [b& brah-tO""], IV. 177, 
lb, 3 a. 

Baa-ckevalkra [bl-shev-a-leers' ; Fr. Bhfih-v8- 
Ijfl], IV. 497, 1 a (Chitalet). 

Bascdi, Matteo [bfis'-ke], fouoder of the Capu- 
chins, II. 3S5 ; III. 763, 1 b. 

Bas'com, Henry Bidleman, D. D., LL. D., Amer- 
ican bishop, n. 356. 

Babcom, John, American scholar and author, 
II. 865. 

Base, in chemJBtry, II. 865; XII. 474, 3 c; 
XIV. 682, 1 be. 

Base, in painting, XII. 804, 2 b. 

Bask Ball, game, II. 355 ; ill., 856. 

Basedow, Johann Bernhard [b£l'-z6h-do], Ger- 
man reformer of education, 11, 356. 

Baaedowh disease, VIII. 566, 2 b. 

Base drum, VI. 371, 2 ab. 

BAaEi. [b&'-zel], canton of Switzerland, II. 357. 
City, 2 a (ill.). 

Basel, Council of, 11. 858. On the immacu- 
late conception, IS. 135, I c. On tlie 
enoharist, X. S38, 2 b. Action ou monasti- 
eism, XI. 730, 2 ab. 

Basel, peace of, in 1796, XV. 213, 1 be ; in 
1499, 530, 1 c. 

Basement membrane, in anatomical structure, 

I. 462, 3 0. 

Base metals, among alchemists, I. 335, 1 b. 

Bases, in chemistry, XII. 767, 2 c. 

Basbvi, George [bSs'-e-ve], English architect, 

II. 359. 

Bas-fmid [Fr. bS-fo"^], part of the bladder, II. 
686, 1 c, 2 ab. 

Ba'bhan, Palestine, I!. 359. Cities of, 3 c. 

Babhaw' : see Pasha. 

Bash'kirs, Russian tribes, II. 300 (ill.). 

Bashkurts [bash'-koorts] : see BAsnKrns. 

Bat&murie tersion of the Scriptures, V. 333, 
1 a and b (Copts). 

Bmio oxides, in chemistry, XH. 767, 3 o. 

Basil [biz'-il], plant, II. 360. Sweet basil 
(ill.), 361. 

Bi'eiL, Bulgarian monk, II. 361. 

Basil I., the Macedonian, emperor of the East, 
II. 361. Baail II., 3 o. 

Basil the Gebat, saint, II. 362; XI. 739, 1 c. 

Basilas [bil-se-iaQ'], island of the Malay archi- 
pelago, II. 363. 

Basil'ia, or Basiliana, ancient name of Basel, 
II. 357, 3 c. 

BasiuAN Monks, II. 363. 



BASS 



79 



Basilian'a: see ioaiZio (Index). 

Babil'ica, public building, II. 383. Basilica 

Julia, 3 a. See Eome, XIV. 411, 1 a. Lat- 

eran basilica, X. 183, 1 b. 
Basilica, the, Eoraano-Greek code, IV. 636, 

la; m. 516, 3 c. 
Basilican Constitution*, II. 361, 3 be. See 

Btmlica (Index). 
Basilioata [ba-ze-Ie-ka'-ta], province of Italy, 

11. 863. 
Basilicon Doron, of James I., alluded to, IX. 

517, 1 ab. 
" Basilics," the, X. 351, 1 b. See Basilica 

(Index), 
Basilibes [ba-sil'-o-deez], founder of a Gnostic 

sect, II. 863. 
Bagilidians, Gnostic sect, their principles, K. 

363, 2 c. 
Basilid'ian tUmes, I. 83, 3 o (Abeaxas). 
Basius'ccs, emperor of the East, II. 364. 
Basiliseus (zoology), II. 364, 3 a. B. mitratus, 

3 c (ill.). B. vittatus, il. 
Basilisk [baz'-e-Iisk], saurian reptile, II. 364 

(ill). 
Basil'ius: sec Basil. 
BASiLOSAr'EUS : see Zettglodos. 
Basil Valentine, German chemist, IV. 858, 3 b. 
Basin, in distinction from dock, VI. 166, 1 a. 
Bas'keevillb, John, English printer, II. 365. 
Basket, IT. 365. Wicker boats, 1 c. "Water- 
tight baskets, 3 a. Uses of wickerwork, 

3 ab. Basket making, 3 b. Splint baskets, 

366, 1 b. 
Basket willow, II. 366, 1 b. See Osibh. 
Basle [bfil] : see Basel. 
Bassaqe de Beaut al, Jacques [ba-nSzh dQh bo- 

vil], French author and diplomatist, II. 366. 
Basqce pROvircoEs ; see Basques. 
Basques [basks], II. 866 (ill.X Their character 

and condition, 1 a. Political constitution, 

1 c. History, 367, 1 a. Language, 1 b. 
Basra : see Babboeah. 
Bas-Ehis [b^-ra™], former department of 

France, H. 367. 
Bass [baa], fish, II. 367. European bass, 3 c 

(ill.). Sea bass, 368, 1 a. Striped bass, 

1 ab (ill.). Bar fish, 2 c. Euddy and little 

white bass, ih. Blaek bass of the lakes, 3 a 

(ill.). Oswego bass, 3 b. White bass, 2 o. 

Grass baas, ih. Bock bass, 369, 1 ab (ill.). 

Growler, 1 c. 
Bass, tree : see Linden, 
Base, in plants : see Bast. 
Bass [base], in music, XII. 75, 2 a ; 84, 2 o. 



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BASS 



BATEA 



Bass, George A., English navigator, II. 369. 

Baasan: see Bassano, painters. 

Eabsaso [bSa-s^'-no], town of Italy, II. 3( 

(111.). 

Bassaso, family of Italian painters, II. 37 
Francesco da Poute, 1 b. Giacomo da Ponte 
(II Baasano), ib. Francesco, ifi. 

Bassa?io, Hugnes Bernard Maret, duke of, 
French statesman, II. 3T0. Napoleon Joseph 
Hugues Maret, duke of, 3 o. Eugfine de 
Bassano, prince, ib. 

Bassans, the : see Bassaso, painter, 

Bas'santis, James, Scottish astronomer and 
mathematician, II. 870. 



BABSANvitLB, Anafs Lebrun de, coontess [dtlh 

bas-sa"'-veel], French writer, II. 371. 
Ba^aarU aatu'ta (zoology), IV. GIT, 2 ho (ill.). 
£ossos, negro tribe, X. 398, 3 be. 
Bass larh, X. 503, 1 c. See Bast. 
Bassein [baa-sain'], town of Pegu, II. 371. Of 

Bombay, 2 h. 
Bassblin, Olivier [bas-lS"'], French poet, 11.371. 
BAsass-ALPEfl [bfis-Slp], department of France, 

n. 371. 
Basses-Pyebsees [-pe-ra-na], department of 

France, II. 371. Wine of, VII. 411, 2 c. 
Babse-Teehe [-tair], chief town of St. Christo- 
pher^ West Indies, II. 371. Of Guadeloupe, 

2 b. 
Batieville: see Bassville. 
Bassi, Laura Maria Oatarina [bSs'-se], Italian 

scholar, II. 371. 
BoMia (botany), III, 501, 2 bo. B. batyraoea, 

2 c. B. iongifolia, i5. B. latifolia, 502, 1 a. 

B. Parkii, JS. (ill.). 
Bassompibbee, Frangois, baron do [bHs-so"'- 

pyair], French courtier, II, 371. 
Bassoon', musical instrument, II. S72. 
Bas'sokah, town of Asiatic Turkey, II. 373. 
Sassa Hlievo [b4a'-so re-lya'-vo], XIV. 715, 1 c. 
Ba«gorine [bas'-so-rin], VIII. 330, 1 b. 
Bass relief [base re-!e«f' ; Fr, ha» relief, bS rilh- 

lySf] : see Basso rilieeo (Index). 
Bass Rook, Scotland, II, 873. 
Bass STRArr, Australasia, II, 372. 
Basstt'ios, African tribe, II. 373 ; 438, 2 a. 
Bassvillb, Nicolas Jean Hugou or Husson de 

[bSs-voel], French writer and diplomatist, 

II. 373. 



5 LiSDEN, X. 502, 1 a. Origin 
ofthename, II. 373, 3 a. 
Bast, inner bark, 11, 373. Uses of, 873, 1 c ; 
X. 503, 2 a. 



Bast, or Pasht, Egyptian deity, XII. 116, 2 a, 
Ba^tah, Moorish name of Baza, II, 410, 3 c. 
Bastan Zubi [b^s-tfin' thoo'-be], river, II. 624, 

3 b (BinASsoA), 
Bas'tagd, illegitimate child, 11. 378. 
Bastard of Orleans, VI. 818, 2 a. 
Bastard uing, Vll. 105, 2 o (FEATnERs). 
Bast cells, of the bark of plants, II. 373, 2 e ; 

XIII, 579, 1 a. 
Bast fibres, of the bark of plants, XIII. 579, 

Bas'ti, ancient town : see Baza, 

Babtia [bSs-te'-a], town of Corsica, II. 374 
(ill.). 

Bastian, Adolph [bSs'-t«-fln], German travel- 
ler, n. 874. 

Bastiak, II. Charlton [bSs'-chun], English 
physician, II. 874. On spontaneous genera- 
tion, VI. 660, 3 be. 

Bastiana, medieval name of Baza, II. 410, 3 c. 

Babtiat, FrfidSrio [bas-te-Jl], French econo- 
mist, II. 376 ; XIII. 678, I b. 

Bastidb, Jules [bils-teed], French publicist and 
politician, II. 875. 

Bastides, free towns, X. 401, 2 c. 

Basotlb [bas'tecl'], prison and citadel of Paris, 
II. 375 (ill.). Erection of, IV. 3S5, 2 c. 

Bastille [Fr. bHs-teey']: see Bastilb. 

Bas'tion : see Foetification, VII. 330, 1 b, 
ff.(bastioned system). 

Bast mats, X. 503, 2 a, 

Bastrop, county, II, 376. 

Bastrop, county seats, II. 376, 3 a ; XI. 834, 3 a. 

Boat tree, X. 503, 1 a. 

Basi/le [bas'-il], SIV. 582, 1 o (Salts). 

Bat, II. 376. Common bat (ill.), 3 b. Long- 
eared bat, 377, 2 b (ill.). Vampire hat, 378, 
I c (ill.). Flying fox or roussette, 3 c (ill.). 
Bats of North America, 379, 1 a. 

Batak', a race of Sumatra, II. 379 ; XI. 56, 
1 ho. Their currency, II. 545, 3 ab. 

BATArf.E'A : see Bashan, II, 359, 3 ab. 

Batan'oas, province of Luzon, II. 379. Capi- 
tal town, 2 0. 

Batatas [bS-ta'-tSs] : see Potato, and Yam. 

Batata* edulia (botany), XIII. 767, 2 a. 

Batata Oastra : sec Passau. 

BataVi, ancient tribe, 11. 379 ; XII. 346, 3 a. 

Batatia, city of Java, IL 380 (01.). 

Batatia, village of New York, II. 881. 

Batavias Repttblic, II. 381 ; XIL 249, 1 be. 

Batohian', island (Moluccas), II. 381. 

Bate, in tanning, X. 274, 1 b. 

Batea [bS-ta'-a], in gold mining, VIII. 82, 2 a. 



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BATTING 



81 



Batb'mak, Kat« Josephine, American actress, 
n. 381. 

Batenian sect, Moslem offsLoot, VI. 273, 2 b 
(D buses), 

Batesiies : see Asbassinb. 

Bates, county, II. 381. 

Bates, Barnabas, American promoter of cheap 
postage, II. 381. 

Bates, Edward, LL. D., American statesman 
ajid jurist, II. 381. 

Bates, Joshua, English banker, II. 381. 

Batei college, Lewiston, Me., S, 388, 3 ab (ill.). 

Batessille, oouatj seat, IX. 198, 3 c. 

Bath, for washing the body, II. 383. Roman 
baths, 1 c, 383, 3 b. Public bath at Pom- 
peii, 383, 1 c ; plan of, 2 a. Frigidarium, 

2 b (ill.). Apodyterium, 383, 1 a (ill.). Te- 
pidarium, 1 c (ill.). Baths of Titus, 383, 

3 a (ill.). Plan of baths of Caracalla, 2 c. 
Turkish bath, 384, 1 b (ill.). Mesiean steam 
bath, 385, 1 a (ill.). Japanese bath, 1 ab 
(ill.). Hj^ene of bathing, 385, 1 c. 

Bath, for eleotroplating, VII. 600, 1 b ; simple 

(iU.), 3 b ; compound (ill.), 601, 1 a. 
Bath, county, II. 887. 
Bath, city of Maine, II. 387. 
Bath, township and village of New York, II. 

Bath, Virginia : see Berkeley Spkiitgs. 

Bath, city of England, II. 388 (ill.). See 
Nash, Eichard, SII. 149, 3 o. 

Bath, Earl of ; see Poltenet, William. 

Bath, Knights of the, II. 388. 

Bath Court Sovse ; see Warm Spkinos. 

BathU'da, trade in French children suppressed 
by, VII. 68, 1 b. 

Bathing: see Bath. 

Bath metal, III. 213, 3 a. 

Bathom'eter, Morse's, XI. 850, 3 b. Perkins's, 
Xni. 806, 2 be. Siemons'a, SV. 31, 1 c. 

BiTHOEi, or B4thory [b£l'-to-re], family of, 
II. 889. Stephen (three), Hangarian com- 
mander, waywode of Transylvania, and king 
of Poland, 1 c. Christopher, prince of Tran- 
sylvania, 3 a, Sigismund, prince, ifi. Ga- 
briel, prince, 2 b. Elizabeth, conntess, noto- 
rions for her cruelty, 3 be. 

Bath'urst, town of New Brunswick, II. 389. 

Bathcbst, county of New South Wales, II. 
389. Tonn, 390, 1 a. 

Bathuest, settlement in Africa, II. 890. 

BArmTEST, old English family, II. 390. Ealph, 
dean of Wells, 1 c. Allen, first Earl Bath- 
ni-st, 2 a. Henry, chief justice, S b, Henry, 



bishop of Norwich, iS. Henry, second Earl 

Bathurst, 3 c. 
Bathunt, Sir Benjamin, allusion to, II. 390, 3 a. 
BAxnoEsr Inlbt, Arctic ocean, I!. 890. 
BATnYissi: see BatthyIkvi. 
BaTHTB'irs, low form of protozoa, II. 890. 

See Feotoplasm, SIV. 3S, 2 b. 
Bathyl'lus of Alkxahdbia, pantomime, II. 

391 i 243, 2 b. 
Ba^an [bftt-ySn'] : see BATCniAN. 
Batlapi, African tribe, II. 438, 3 ab. 
Batoana, African tribe, II. 438, 3 b. 
Bato'ka, African tribe, II. 391, 
Baton and riband, in heraldry, VIII. 673, 1 c. 

See plate (after p. 670), at the middle on the 

left. 
Batoni, Pompeo Girolamo [bS-to'-ne], Italian 

painter, II. 391. 
Baton Eobob [bat'-un roozh], city of Louisi- 
ana, II. 391. 
Baton Bohoe, East and West: seeEAST Baton 

EoDftB, and West Baton Eouge. 
BatracJiians [ba-tra'-ke-ans], iu zoology; see 

Amphibia, IlEKPETOxoar, Reptiles, Ebog, 

and Toad. 
Batraehomyoma'chia, Homeric poem, VIII. 

778, 3 c. 
Batraeho-^ermum moTiilifor'm,e (botany), VII. 

248, 3 a. 
Batra'chui (ichthyology), XV. 779, 1 c. B. 

grunniens, 2 a. B. tan, 2 b (ill.). 
Batshian : see Batchian. 
Batsman, in the game of cricket, T. 483, 2 ab.- 
Batta : see Batak. 

Batta, soldier's allowance in India, II. 539, 1 c. 
Battement [bat-ma°«], in fencing, VII. 131, 1 c. 
Batten, in weaving, XVI. 533, 3 a. 
Batteries, floating iron-clad, SII. 187, 1 bo. 

Eussian, IX. 387, 3 (ills.). 
Battbrin& Eam, II. 391 (ill.). 
Bat'tersea, snburb of London, II. 393. 
Battery, in law, II. 893. 
Battery, of artillery, I. 788, 1 c, 2 a; 797, 3 a. 
Battery, in sugar making, XV. 446, 1 b. 
Battm'y, a public park in New York, XII. 379, 

3 c. Origin of the name, X. 330, 2 ab. 
Battery, Galvanic: see Galvanism. 
Battery, Stevens's, IX. 877, 2 b. 
Batteux, Charles fbit-tilh], French writer on 

esthetics, II. 393. 
BATTHvi-BYi, Ki,zm6T (Casimir), fbot'-y^n-ye], 

Hungarian statesman, II. 393. L^os (Lonis), 

1 c; IX. 59, 3b; 6t, 1 c. 
BatliTig, of cotton, V. 418, 3 a. 



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BAYADEER 



Battlb, town of England, IT. 393. 

Battle, trial by, IV". S48, 2 b. Introduction into 

England, 2 c; continuance there, 249, 1 a. 
Battle Asb, military weapon, II. 393. 
Battle Cekee, city of Michigan, II. 39i. 
Battledoor, in glass making, VIII. 15, 1 o. 
Battle of the gianU, VII. 416, 2 b; St. 370, 

1 b (Melbgnano). 
" Battle qfthe .fie^s," ballad, origin of. III. 484, 

1 c 
Battle of the spurs {at Guinegate), II. 406, 1 c. 
Battle of the thirty, II. 427, 3 c. 
Batta [bat-too'], cultivatod amaranthus, VIII. 

336, 2 a. See I. 377, 1 a (Amakanth). 
Batture, the, of New Orleans, X. 546, 3 c. 
Batu Khan p>4-too' kan], Mongol conqueror, 

II. 394. 
Batuta, Ibn [bS-too'-ta], Moorish traveller 

and theologian, II. 394, 
Batyushkofe, Oonstantin Nikolayevitch [baf- 

yoosh-kof], Russian poet, II. 394. 
Bat2 [bSs], island : see Has. 
Ban [bow], tree, VII. 110, 1 b. 
Baccbeb, Francois [bo-sha], French teacher of 

horsemanship, II. 394. 
Bau'ois, mythical, II. 894. 
Baodklooque, Jean Louis [bode-Iuk], French 

surgeon, II. 894. 
Baudens, Jean Baptiste Lueien [bo-d&°"co], 

French surgeon, If. 394. 
BATjnis, Nicolas [bo-da"*], French naturali&t, 

II. 39S. 
Batjdin DBS Aedbhnds, Charles [da zar-d6n], 

French naval officer, II. 395. 
Baudouin [bo-dwS-] : see Baldwin, III. 28S, 1 a. 
Batidrais, Jean [bo-dra], French anthor, II. 895. 
Baddrillaet, Henri Joseph Lfeon [bo-dre-yar], 

French economist, II. 395. 
Bauer, Anton [bow'-er], German jnrist, II. 895. 
Baueb, Bernard, abbfi [bo-air], French priest, 

11. 895. 
Baubb, Brono, German critic and theologian, 

n. 396. Edgar, 2 a. 
Bauer, Georg: see Agricola, Georg. 
Batteb, Georg Lorenz, German theologian, 11. 

396. 
BAuafe [bo-zha], town of France, II. 89B. 
Bauhih, Jean [bo-5°'], French physician and 

natoralist, II. 397; III. 131, 3 b; 132, 1 o. 
BATTHASsBHonLE [how '-Diana -ho-lSh], cave in. 

the Hartz, II. 897. 
Baumherg, Cfairiele [bowm'-bairg], wife of 

Baesyfinyi, II. 207, 2 h, 
Bafm^, Antoine [bo-ma], French apothecary 



and chemist, II. 397. His hydrometer, IS. 

134, 2 ab (ill.). 
Batjmgaktks, Alexander Gottlieb [bowm'-gar- 

ten], German anthor, II. 397. 
Battmoarten, Michael, German theologian, II. 

897. 
BAtTMGABTES, Sigmund Jakob, German tlieolo- 

gian, II. 397. 
Baumgarten-Oecsius, Detlev Karl Wilhelm 

[-kroo'-ze-oos], German philologist, II. 397. 

Ludwig Friedrich Otto, theologian, 3 o. 
Bacmoahtser, Andreas von, baron, Austrian 

statesman and savant, II. 393. 
BArMSABTNEK, Gallus Jakob, Swiss politician 

and historian, II. 398. 
Baomoaetbie, KmI Heinrich [bowm'-gairt- 

ncr], German physiologist, II. 398. 
Baumian: see Bamian. 
Baue, Ferdinand Christian [bowr], German 

theologian, II. 898. 
Battsset, Louis Franeois de [bo-sa], French 

cardinal, II. 399. 
Badtain, Louis EugSne Marie [tio-tH"'], French 

philosopher and theologian, 11, 399. 
Batitzen [bowt'-sen], town of Saxony, II. 899. 

Battle of, 1 c. 
Battsitb [bo'-zite]: see At.umisa, I. 366, 3 b; 

also Alum, I. 865, 2 b ; Aluminum, 368, 1 c. 
Bavai: see Bavat. 
Bava'eia, kingdom of Germany, II 899. Pop- 

nlation and divisions, 1 b. Eeligion and reli- 
gious denominations, 2 be, and 401, 1 c. 

Physical features, 400, 1 a. Climate, 1 o. 

Soil and agrionlture, 3 a. Industry, 2 b. 

Intercommunication, 2 c. Edneation, 401, 

1 ab. Constitution and government, 3 a. 

History, 2 e. 
Bavarian ieer, II. 400, 2b; III. 261, 2 b. 
Bavat [bfi-va], town of France, II. 403. 
Ba'siad, satirical poem, VII. 804, 1 b. 
Bawian [ba-we-an'], island, II. 403. 
Bawb, Alexandrine Sophie Conry de Ohamp- 

grand, baroness de [dilh bowr], French au- 
thoress, IL 403. 
Baxter, electrician, I. 519, 1 a and b. 
Baz'tbe, Andrew, Scottiih metapliysician, II. 

403 ; XIII. 445, 2 a. 
Batter, Richard, English clergyman, II. 403. 
Baxtbb, "William, English philolopst and ar- 

chieotogist, II. 404. 
Bat, county, II. 404. 
Bay, tree, X. 208, 2 a. 
Ba'tadeee, dancing and singing girl of India, 

11.404; ill;, 405. 



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BAYAG0ULA8 

BATA&ouLia [bi-a-goo'-las], Indian tribe, II. 
405. 

BiYiJio [b4-rfi'-mo], town of Cuba, U. 405. 

Bayard, fabulous var horse I. 215, 1 o. 

Bi-TiED, James islieton [bi'-ard], American 
lawyer and statesman II. 405. Nitholas, 
Hnguenot iinmi^rant 2 b Eicbard Bassett, 
senator, 2 c James iaheton, senator, ib. 
Thomas Francis sinator, ib. 

Bavakd, Jean Francois Alfred [bS-yar], French 
dramatist, II. 405. 

Bayabd, Pierre du Terrail, chevalier de, French 
knight, II. 408. 

Bayazid [ba-jft-zeed'J : see Bajazid. 

Bay'beeby, or Wax Myrtle, shrub, II. 406 ; ill., 
407. 

BayJierry (pimento), I. 337, 1 c. 

Bayberry tallow, XVI. 516, 1 ab. 

Bat City, city of Miohigan, II. 407. 

Batkb, Johann [bi'-er], German astronomer, 
II. 407. Gottlieb Siegfried, philologist and 
archteologist, 2 b. 

Bayem [bi'-em], German name of Bavaria, 
derivation of, II. 401, 2 o, 

Bateus [ba-yiih], town of France, II. 407. 

Bayedx Tapestry, II. 407. 

Bayfield, county, II. 408. 

Bay Islands : see Bosacoa, and VIII. 787, 3 a. 

Bayls, Pierre [bail], French philosophical wri- 
ter, 11. 408. 

Bay leaves, for flavoring, X. 208, 2 o. 

Baylen [bi-lain'], town of Spain, II. 408, 
Capitulation of, ii. ; I. 323, 2a; IV. 68, 
lb; VI. 323, 2 a. 

Bay'let, James Koosevelt, American arch- 
bishop (died 1877), II. 408. 

Bayley, Richard, American physician, II. 
408. 

Baylok, county, II. 409. 

Bayly, Thomas Hajnos, English poet and 
dramatist, II. 409. 

Baynb, Peter, Scottish author and critic, II. 
409. 

Bay'onbt, weapon, II. 409. Trowel or spade 
bayonet, 2 c. Introduction of, I. 735, 2 c: 
XII. 98, 2 c. First forms (ill.), 9$, 1 a. 01c 
Prussian and French forma (ill.), 1 c. Old 
English form (ill.), 100, 1 a. Use of in bat- 
tle, VII. 121, 2 e. 

Bayonkb [ba-yfin], city of France, II. 409 ; 
view, 410. 

Bayou Sara [bj'-oo sa'-ra], village of Louisi- 
ana, II. 410. 

Sayreuth : see Baibbcth. 



BEAM 83 

Baykhoffkh, Karl Theodor [hire'-hnf-fer], Ger- 
man philosopher and politician, II. 410. 

Bay rum, Xll. 112, 2 o (Myetm;). 
£oj/«OBji>7Mj;S, a state's jurisdiction over them, 
X. 224, 2 b. 

Baza [bi'-tha], town of Spain, II. 410, Springs 
of, 411, 1 a. 

Ba'sa (ornithology), X. 19, 2 c. 

Bazainb, Francois Aehiile [bi-zain], French 
general, II. 411. His surrender of Metz, 
2 a; XI. 463, 1 a. Hia trial, ZI. 463, 1 b ; 
X. 800, 1 be. His escape from prison, X. 
365, 1 a. 

Bazalobite', Joseph William, English civil 
engineer, 11.411. 

Bazanooobt, C^sar de, baron [bii-zfi°'-koor], 
Frenchautbor, II. 411. 

Bazakd, Amand [bfi-zar], French tarbonarist 
and St. Simonian, II. 411. 

Bazarjik: see Basakjik (Indes). 

Bazeeghamee, Indian dancing gir!, II. 405, 1 a. 

Bazeilles [ba-zay'], village of Franco, II. 412. 

Bazis, Antoine Pierre Ernest [ba-za"'], French 
physician, II. 412. Antoine Pierre Louis, 
philologist, 1 b. 

Bdellium [del'-le-um], gum resin, II. 412. 

BEAcn, Moses Yale, American mechanic and 
editor, 11. 412. 

Beach mining (of gold), VIII. 83, 3 a. 

Beacon, to warn of danger, X. 457, 2 c. 

Beoian hill, Boston, III. 116, 1 b. 

Beacon hill, on the Hudson, IS. 30, 1 a. 

Beaconsfield [bek'-uns-feeld] town of Eng- 
land, II. 412. Viacounteas Beaconsfield 1 a. 
(Benjamin Disiaeli madi. Earl Beaconfafield 
in 1876.) 

Bead, ornament, II 412 
rency, 2 b ; in rosaries i 
bert'i beads (Index) 

Bead^en, VI. 763, 1 c (Eios). 

Bead tree: see Pbidb of India. 

Beagle, honnd, II, 413 (ill.). 

Beal, or Bal (= Baal), Irish deity, II. 178, 2 a. 

Bealb, Lionel S., English physiologist, 11. 413. 
On fermentation, VII. 142, 2 be; develop- 
ment of the yeast plant, 146, 1 b ; of the 
poisonous matter in deceased animals, 144, 
Ibc. 

Beale, Mary, English aitist, IL 413, 

Beam, in architecture, II. 413. Iron beams, 
2 b. Best construction of, 414, 2 a. Solid- 
rolled, 2 c. Sustaining power, 415, 2 c ; rnle 
for, 41 6, 1 a. Straining beam, XIV.421, 1 o. 

Beam of a Aeefa horn, V. 756, 2 b. 



eads used as cur- 
See iauit Cuth- 



, Google 



Beamx of a loom, XVI. 523, I b. Beaming, 

1 0. 

Bean, plant, II. 410 (ill.). Growth of de- 
scribed, Sm. 5T5, 1 ft; 67G, 1 a. 

Bean dolphin, I. 688, I b (Aphis). 

Beait Goosb: see Goose, VIIL 105, 1 bo. 

Bean tr^oil, a European name of the labur- 
num, X. 75, 1 a. 

Bkab, animal, II. 417. Polar bear, 1 c (ill.). 
Grisly bear, 2 c (ill., 418). (See III. 606, 

2 b.) Gave bear, 1 a. (8e« 397, 1 b, and 
III. 63, 3 a, b.) European brown bear, 2 a. 
American black bear, jj, (ill). Cinnamon 
bear, 419, 1 a {ill., 418). Asiatic or sloth 
boar, 1 ab (ill.). Syrian bear, 1 c (ill.), 
berian bear, 3 a. Spectacled bear, 2 ab (ill.). 
Thibetan or Isabel bear, 3 c. Malayan 
bear, i&. (ill., 420). Boruean bear, ib. No 
beara in Alrica, 420, 1 b. Bear baiting, 1 be. 
Bear skins, VII. S39, 1 c. 

Bear, Great and Leaser, constellations, II. 420. 
Bear and bull, terms of the stock exchange, 

SV. 888, I c. 
Bear baiUng, II, 430, 1 c. 
BiiiED, hair of the faee, II. 420. 
BsAED, James H., American painter, II. 421. 

William H., panter, 3 c. 
Beard gratis, X. 387, 1 c. 
Beardstown, county seat, IV. 69, 1 b. 
Bearing of v>heel, 5VI. 592, 2 b. 
Bear Lake, Great, British America, II, 422. 
Bear Lake ErvKs, II. 433. 
Bbab Moutjtain, Pennsylvania, II. 433. 
BfiARK [ba-arn], district of France, II. 422. 
Bear Eiyer, Utah, 11. 422. California, 2 ab. 
Bear's foot (hellebore). Till. 621, 3 a. 
Be'as, river oi India, II. 422. 
Beasles, Frederick, American clergyraan, II. 



Beasta, in heraldry, VIII. 6T3, 1 b. See plate 

after p. 670. 
Beater, instrument used in basket making, II. 

Beatia [be-S'.sha], ancient city; see Baeza, 

Beattfication, in the Roman Catholic church, 
n. 422. 

Beaton, David, cardinal and archbishop of St. 
Andrews, IL 422. His persecution of the 
Scotch reformers, 423, 1 b and c. Wishart 
and others sentenced by him to be burned at 
the stake, ih., and SVI. 690, 1 a. His vio- 
lent death, U. 433, 1 o. iffis private charac- 
ter, ib. 

Beatoun : see Beatos. 



Beatrice Pohtiwari [ba-a-tre'-cha por-te-ua'- 
re], IL 428. See Dante, V. 670, 1 c; 672, 

I 0. 

Beati, in harmony, VIIL 467, 3 b. 

Beat'tie, James [Soot, bii'-te], Scottish poet, 

IL 423. 
Beau Bruinmel, sobriquet; see BHtrsiMKi., III. 

856, 2 a. 
Beauoaihb [bo-kair], town of France, II. 423. 
Beatjoe [booe], county of Canada, IL 433. 
Beacchesne, Alcide Hjacinthe dn Bois de 

[dii bwS diih bo-shain], French author, 11. 

424. 
Beacclerk, Topham [in England, bo-klark'], 

a favorit* of Dr. Johnson, 11. 424. 
Beauffort, Belgian dukes and counts of: see 

Beaufort, II. 434, 2 b. 
BEArroET [bu'-furt], two counties, 11. 434. 
Beaufort, town of North Carolina, II. 434. 

Of South Carolina, 3 a. 
Bbaufort [bo-for], town of France, IL 434. 
Beaufort, origin of the English dukes of, H. 

424, 2 b ; of the French dukes of, ib. ; of 

the Belgian dukes and counts of, ib. 
Beaufort, Sir Francis, English nava! officer 

and hydrographer, II. 434. 
Beaufort, Fraufois de Vendome, duke of, 

French soldier, II. 435. 
Beautoet, Henry of, English prelat* and 

statesman, II. 425. 
BEiUFORT, Henry Charles Fitzroy Somerset, 

eiglith duke of, English soldier, II. 425. 
Beaufort, Margaret, countess of Richmond 

and of Derby, II. 435. 
Beadobscy [bo-zh4'*-6e], town of France, II. 

426. 
BBiunARTCAis, Alexandre, vicomte de [ho-ar- 

nfi], French general, II. 426. 
Bbauharnais, Eugene de, duke of Leuchten- 

berg and prinoe of Eichstfidt, II. 436. See 

LBUCnTENBEHft. 

Beauharnais, Fanny, comtosse de, French 

writer, II. 437. 
Beauharnais, Francois, marqnis de, French 

royalist, II. 427. 
Beauhabnais, Hortenae EngSnie, queen of 

Holland, II. 427. 
Beaukamaw, Jos^hine, daughter of EugSne 

de Beanharnais, II, 436, 3 c. Eugenie Hor- 

tense, ib. Amfelie Auguste, 427, 1 a. 
Beauhabnois [bo-ar-na], county of Canada, 

IL 437. 
Beaujeu, Anne de [bo-zhiih], regent of France, 

rV. 287, 1 0. 



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BEAUJOLAIS 

Bbaujolais [bo-zhflli-la], district of Tranco, 
II. 427. ■Wines of, VII. 413, 2 ab. 

Beatimanoik, Jean, sirs do [bo-mit-uwar], 
French knight, II. 427. 

Beaumaboib, Philippe de, French jurist,. 11. 
437. 

Beattmabchais, Pierre Auguatin Caron de [bo- 
mar-sha], French dramatic author, II. i28. 

Beaumkllk, Laurent Angliviel de la [bo-mSl], 
French author, 11. 429. Victor Laurent 
Suzanne Molse, 430, 1 b. 

Beaumont pjo-mfi"'], town of Franco, 11. 430. 

Bea/wmont [bo'-mont], county seat, IX. 087, 1 b. 

Bbattmokt, Elie de : see £lie de Beaitmoht. 

Beaumont, Frands : see Beaitmokt and 
Fletcher. 

Beaumont, Sir George Howland, English pa- 
tron of art, II. 430. 

Beaumont, Sir John, English poet, II. 430. 

Beaumont, Thomas, governor of tlie Baatile, 
II. 376, 1 h. 

BEAirjtoKT, William, American surgeon, II. 
430. Experiments on Alexis St. Martin, 2 
b. See Digestion, VI. 105, 2 b; Dietetics, 
101, 2 be, 102, 1 b. 

Beaumont and F£j:TonEn, Enghah dramatists 
and poets, II. 430; VI. 635, 2 b. 

Beaumont de la BonniSeb, Gustave Auguste 
de [bo-mO"' dfih \& biin-yair], French advo- 
cate and writer, II. 43L 

Beaumont a/nd Mayer, friction machine of, VII. 
491, 2 c 

Beacne [bone], town of France, II. 431. 

Be AUNE-LA-Eo LANDS [-IS^rilh-U^d], village of 
France, and battle, II. 481, 

Beaupoire : see Belpee. 

Beaueeqabd, Pierre Gustavo Toataut [bo-re- 
gard'; Fr. bo-rfih-gar], American general, 
U. 431. 

Beachepairk-Eohan, Henri de [bo-rfth-piur- 
ro-fi°«], French traveller, II. 431. 

Beauseant [bo-sa-&"'], banner and battle cry of 
the templars, XV. 634, 3 b. 

Beausobeb, Isaac de [bo-zilbr'], French theo- 
logian, II. 432. 

BBACTEMps-BBAnPEfi, Charles Francois [bo- 
ta"«-bo-pra], French hydrographer, II. 432. 

Beauty: see .iJIsTncTicB. Hogarth's "Anal- 
ysis of," Vin. 769, 2 c; 760, I b. His lino 
of beauty, 759, 2 c. 

BEAtfVAis [bo-va], city of France, IL 433. 

Beauvais, Charles Theodore, French general, 
II. 433. 

Beauvau, de [diih bo-vo], French family, II. 



BE0H8TEIN 



85 



433. Keu4, I c. Louis, ib. Bertrand, 2 a. 
Ben6 Francois, 2 a. Charles Juste, iS. 

Beauvois, Ambroise Marie Francois Joseph 
Pahsot de [diih ho-vwfi] : aee Palisot. 

Beauz6e, Nicolas [bo-za], French grammarian, 
IL 433. 

Beaveb, animal, II. 483. IB., 434, 1 a. Bea- 
ver lodges and dam (ill.), 3 b. Beaver trap- 
ping, 435, 1 a. Trade in beaver skiua, 1 c. 
European beaver, 3 ah. Beaver fur, VII. 
539, 1 b. 

Beatee, two counties, IL 485. 

Beaver, county seat, IL 435, 2 o. 

Beatee. Philip, English navigator, IL 485. 

Beaver City, county seat, II. 435, 3 c. 

Beamr eloth, inventiou of, XVI. 720, 1 c. 

Beaveh Head, county, II. 430, 

Beatee Indians, IL 436. 

Beaver Islands, Lake Michigan, II. 436. 

Beater poison, plant, IV. 577, 2 a. 

BeaueT rat : see Water Eat. 

Beaveneood, VIIl. 865, 2 b (Hackberey). 

Beazlbt, Samuel, English architect and author, 
n. 436. 

Bebaowm, pass [ba-bS-oom'], Atlas mountains, 
II. 81, 1 c. 

BeU [ba-ba], French dwarf, VI. S85, 2 bo. 



Bebbeeine [be-be'-rin], an alkaloid, II. 436. 
Its source, VIII. 231, 1 ab. 

Beieeru lark, II. 486, 1 c ; VIIL 231, 1 ab. 

Bebian, Roch Ambroise Auguste [ba-by^°'], 
French teacher of deaf mutes, II. 486. 

Bbbutoep, Vasili Osipovitch, prince [beb'-oo- 
tof], Kussian soldier, IL 436. David, 2 c. 

Becaneour [ba-k^°'-koor], county seat, XII. 
435, 2 a. 

Beeeadella, Antonio, founder of the Accademia 
Pontaniana, I. 50, 1 b. 

Beccafleata [bek-ka-fe-kS'-ta], feast, II. 437, 1 b. 
[bek-ka-fe'-ko], bird, II. 437 (ill.). 
[, Domeuico [bek-ka-foo'-me], Italian 
artist, II. 437. 

Beocaria, Cesare Bonesana, marquis of [bek- 
kS'-re-a], Italian jurist and oconomist, 11. 437. 

Becoabia, Giambattista, Italian electrician, 
II. 437. 

Beoebka, Gaspar [ba-thair'-ra], Spanish sculp- 
tor and painter, II. 437. 

BECnEB, Johann Joachim [bEh'-'her], German 
chemist, IL 438. See Chemistry, IV. 360, 
la, c; Heat, VIIL 567, 2 ab. 

Becustein, Johann Matthaus [bS'h'-stine], Ger- 
man ornithologist and forester, II. 438. 



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86 BEOHUANA 

Bbohfana [beteli-wil'-na], peopla of S. Africa, 
II. 4S8. 

Eeok, David, Butch portrait pointer, II. 438. 

Bboe, Karl, German poet, II. 488. 

Beck, Theodoric Eomeyn, American physician, 
II, 439. John Brodhead, physician, 1 be. 
Lewis 0., naturalist, 1 c. 

Bm;kbr, county, II. 439. 

Becker, Gottfried 'Wilhelni, German physician 
and writer, II. 439. Karl Ferdinand, musi- 
cian, 2 b (died 1877). 

Beckeb, Karl Ferdinand, Gorman philologist, 
II. 439. 

Beckeb, Karl Friedrieh, German historian, II. 
440. 

Becker, Rudolf Zaoharias, German anthor, II. 
440. 

Becker, Wilhelm Gottlieb, German archroolo- 
gist, II. 440. Wilhelm Adolf, educator and 
writer, 1 c. 

BecJeet, Gilbert A, father of Thomas 3 Becket, 
II. 440, 2 a. 

Becket, Thomas S, English prelate and states- 
mac, II. 440, His shrine, 441, 2 c. Beek- 
et's crown, or corona, 442, 1 a. Biographies 
and notices of, ih. See IIekbt II., VIII. 643, 
2 b, ff. 

Beckford, ■William, English politician, II. 443. 
William, author, 2 ab. 

Beckmann, Johann, Gorman technologist, II. 
443. 

Becks, Pierre Jean [besj, general of the soci- 
ety of Jcsua, II. 448. 

Bkcquehel, Antoine CSsar [bek-r61], French 
physicist, II. 443. His batt«ry, VII. 590, 
lb; his osygen circnit, 591, 2 c. — Alesan- 
dre Edmond, physicist, II. 444, 1 ab. His 
table of specific electrical resistances, VII. 
596, 1 c— Louis Alfred, physician, II. 444, 
1 h. 

Bbcse, Old [betch'-Sh], borough of Hungary, 
II. 444. New, 1 c. 

Beoskerkk, Great [betch'-ker-ek], town of 
Hungary, II. 444. Little, village, 1 e. 

Beda: see Beds. 

Bed and Bbdstsad, IL 444. Early English 
bed (ill.), 3 c. Great bed of Ware, 445, 1 
ab (ill). Ancient Egyptian bed, 1 c (ill.). 
Hydrostatic or water bed, 3 a. 

Bebabieux [ba-dfi-re-iili], town of France, II. 
445. 

Bebbuo: sf?o EpizoA, VL 696, 2 c (ill). 

Bedetn/ord, old town of England, II. 448, 1 c. 

Bedder, lower millstone, SI. 558, 1 a. 



BEE 

Beddoes, Thomas, English physician, II. 445. 
Thomas Lovell, poet, 446, 1 c. 

Bedh, the Venerable, Sason ecclesiastic, 11. 446. 

Bbdeau, Marie Alphonse [bfih-do], French 
general, II. 446. 

Bedell', Gregory Townsend, American clergy- 
man and author, II, 447. Gregory Thurs- 
ton, bishop, 1 be. 

Bedell, William, English prelate, H. 447. 

BedcTi, tribe of India, IV. 494, 3 a, 

Bedford [bed'-furd], three counties, II, 447, 

Bedford, borough of Pennsylvania, II. 448i 

Bedford, borough of England, II. 448. 

Bedford, county seats, S. 330, 2 c; XV. 591, 
2 c; 868,2 c. 

Bedfoed, Gunning S., American physician, II, 
448. 

BsDFOKD, John, duke of, English soldier and 
statesman, II. 448, William Russell, duke 
of, 449, 1 b. 

Bedford Level, district of England, II. 449. 

Bedford missal, illuminated manuscript, XI. 
599, 2 b, 

Bedfordshire, county of England!, 11. 449. 

Bed of Justice, H. 445 ; XIIL 117, 1 be. 

Bedlam, Bethlehem hospital, London, II. 449 ; 
X. 602, 2 be. 

Bedlam heggara, or Tom-o' -Bedlams, II. 450, 

Bedloe'a island, Uew York harbor, fever hos- 
pital built on, IL 807, 2 c. Fort on, XII. 
384, 3 a. 

Bedouiss [bed'- oo-ins], Arabian nomadic tribes, 
II. 460 (ill). 

Bed roek, in mines, XL 573, 2 b. 

Beda, abbreviation of Bedfordshire, II. 449. 

Beda of passage, in geology, Vll. 695, 1 be. 

BtdMead: see Bed and Bedstead. 

Bedatraw, plant, XVI. 711, 1 ab. 

Bed-tcork irri^ati/m, IX. 416, 3 c. 

Bee, insect, IL 451. Honey bee, 1 ab (ills., 451, 
452). Queen bee, 452, 1 ab, 2 a; 453, 3 c; 
456, 1 e. Drones or males, 452, 1 b and 2 b ; 
453, 3 a. Workers or neuters (females), 

1 ab, c; 458, 2 h. Bee sting, 459, 1 c. 
Food of bees, 454, 1 ab. Secretion of was, 

2 a. Life in a hive, 2 c. Architecture of 
bees, 455, 1 b. Swarming, 456, 1 a. Italian 
or Ligurian bee, 3 a; in the United States, 
458, 2 be. Natural enemies, 456, 3 ab. 
Wild honey bees, 3 be. Humblebee, 457, 
1 (ill.). Carder bee, 458, I ab. Lapidary 
bee, 1 b. Solitary bees, 1 he. Mason bees, 
1 c (ill). Mining bees, 3 a. Carpenter bees, 



, Google 



BEE 

3 b (111.). Leaf-cutting and upholstering 
bees, 4S9, 1 b. Poppy bee, ii. Kose-ieaf 
cutter, 1 be (01.). See Bee-keeping. 

Bee, coanty, II. 459. 

Beebee, title, III. 691, 1 be. 

£ee hread, II. 464, 3 a. 

Beech, tree, II. 459 (ill.). Beecb leaves, flow- 
era, and nut (ill.), 480. 

Bbscheb, Lyman, B. D., American, tbeologian, 
II. 460. Catberine Eatber, educator and au- 
thoress, 461, 2 b. Edward, D. D., clergyman 
and author, 2 c. Henry Ward, clergyman 
and author, 462, 1 ab. Harriet Elizabeth 
(Stowe), novelist, 2 b. Charles, clergyman 
and author, 463, 1 ab. Thomas Kennicutt, 
clergyman and author, 1 b. 

Bbbohet, Frederiolc William, English naviga- 
tor, II. 463 ; L 671, 1 c. 

Beeohbt, Sir William, English painter, II. 463. 

Beeching's life loat, X. 421, 1 b. 

BEB-E4TBB, bird, 11. 463. Common, 464, 1 ab 
(ill.). Bee wolf, 2 a (iU.). 

Be^-eater, bird, SII. 768, 1 c (Ospecker). 

Be^iUahcluh, IV". 718, 1 b. Allusion to, 11. 
675, 1 c. 

Beefiteak geranium, XIV. 65T, 1 a. 

Bee hive: see Bbb-kebping. 

Beehive, geyser, VII. 787, 1 o. 

Beehive houses, ancient Irish structures, IX. 
355, 1 b. 

Bee hunting, II. 456, 3 c. 

Bbb-kebpino, II. 464. The apiary, 2 a. Posi- 
tion of hives, 2 ab (ilia.). Forms of hives, 
465, 1 a, fE. (iUs.). Comb CilL), 3 b. Polish 
hives, 466, 1 a (ill.). Use of glaas boxes, 

1 b. Swarming, 2 ah (ill.). Removing 
coiab, 467, 1 h. Prevention of robbery, 1 c. 
Wintering bees, 2 a ; 468, 1 b. The bee 
moth, 497, 2 bo. Management in spring, 
468, 1 0. Profit of bee-keeping, 3 ab. In- 
troduction of the Italian or Ligurian bee, 

2 bo. 

Bee line, II. 457, 1 b. 

Bbblzbbub [be-el'-ze-bub], sovereign of evil 

spirits, n. 469. 
BeekeMl: see Beelzebub. 
Bee martin, bird, IX. 837, 2 b. 
Bee moth, or wax moth, II. 456, S b ; 467, 2 he. 
Bkkmster [baim'-ster], district of Holland, II, 

469. 
Bbee, fermented liquor, II. 468. Its ancient 

use, 1 b. Varieties, 2 ab. Analyses, 470, 

2 b. Production, 2 c. itanufacture : see 

Bkswiho. 



BEGONIA 



87 



Beer, Wilbelm [bsir], German astronomer, II. 
470. His map of the moon, 2 b; XL 800, 
3 b, — Michael, dramatist, II. 2 b. 

Beer barrel, II. 336, 1 a. 

Beemem [bsir'-nem], Belgium, reformatory at, 
XIV. 603, lb. 

Beeb-sheba [be-er'-she-ba], ancient town, II. 
470. 

Beer and Steamboat springs (mineral), II. 422, 
2 a (Bear Eiver). 

Beeswax, secretion of, II. 454, 2 a. Nature 
and preparation of, XVI. 515, 1 c, ff. 

Beeswing, in wine, XVI. 666, 3 be. 

Beet, plant, II. 471. Blood beets, I ab (ills.). 
Mangel -wnrzel, 1 c. White beet, its use in 
sugar mailing, 2 a. Chard beet, 3 b (ill.). 

Beethoven, Ludwig van [ba'-to-ven], Dutch 
musician, II. 472. — Ludwig van, German 
composer, 1 ab. His deafness, 3 b. His 
lawsuits for the custody of his nephew Karl, 
473, 3 a. His brother Johaun, 3 c. His 
works, 1 b; XII. 91, 1 b, 92, 1 be. 

Beetle, order of insects, II. 475. Anatomy 
of, 1 bo (ills.). Classification and divisions, 
2 bo. Pentamera, 2 c. Bombardier beetle, 
476, 1 b (ill.). Scarabffius, 477, 1 ab (ill.). 
Stagbeetle, 1 c (ill.). Heteromera, 1 e. Te- 
tramera, 2 b. Trimera, 478, 1 a.— Burying 
beeties, muscular activity of, IX. 313, 3 ab. 
Larvte of the spring beetles, XVI, 678, 1 c. 

Beetle, a hammer, VIII. 426, 1 c. 

BeetU liee, VI. 695, 2 a. 

Beet-TOOt sugaT, manufacture of, 11. 471, 2 a ; 
XV. 447, 2 be; in California, HI. 605, 1 a. 
Discovery of the true process, I, 63, 2 a. 

Bee wolf, bird, II. 464, 2 a (ill.). 

Bee^, a distilled spirit, II. 239, 2 c. 

BEFAN4 [ba-f&'-ua], puppet or doll, II. 478. 

Bifort [ba-for] : see Belfoet. 

Beg, Bey, and Beglerbeg, Turkish titles, II. 478. 

Biga eanal [ba'-ga], Hungary, allusions to, II. 
264, 1 c ; XV. 633, 1 b. 

Besas, Karl [ba'-gSs], Prussian painter, II. 478. 

Begasse [be-gas"], refuse sorghum, XV. 171, 1 b. 

Beggars, Dutch political party, VIII. 818, 2 c. 

Beggars of the sea, Dutch privateers, XVI. 
636, 1 b. 

Begging friars ; see Eeuoious OunBES. 

Begging the question, in lope, X. 580, 1 a. 

Beghards [ba-gards'], religious order, II. 478; 
XI. 730, 2 b. SpiritDalists, IL 478, 2 b. 

BEoiiAnMi : see Baghirmi. 

Beglerbeg : see Beo ; also XVI. 396, 2 a. 

Begosia, plant, II. 4T8 (ill.). 



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88 BEG8HEHEB 

BEesnEHHE [beg-sha'-ier], late, river, and 
town of Turkey, 11. 479. 

Bigshehr : see BEGaHBHEK. 

BsanAGDe : see Bbguinbs. 

Beguinages [ba-ghe-nSzh], origin of, XV. 140, 
1 a. 

Beodikbb [ba-gheens'J, religious aistorliood, 11. 
479 ; 478, 2b; SI. 730, 2 b. 

Begums of Oude, plnnder of by the English, 
XII. 740, 1 be. 

Behaiu, Martin [ba'-himc], German navigator 
and geographer, II. 479. 

Bbham, Hans Sebald [ba'-hSm], German pdnt«r 
and engraver, II. 479. 

Beh4r', division of Bengal, India, II. 479. 

Bekem, Martin [ba'-bem] ; see Behaim. 

Behe'moth, of the Hebrews, VIII. 743, 1 ab. 

Behistcn [ba-bis-toon'], ruined town of Per- 
sia, II. 479, Cuneiform iuscriptions at, 3 c ; 
V. 573, 2 a, ff. 

JBehme [ba'-mSh], murderer of Coligni, V. 65, 
Ic. 

Behmen, Jacob [ba'-men] : see Bobhm. 

Bkhn, Aphara or Aphra [ben], Eoglish drama- 
tist and novelist, II. 480. 

BEaEiNO, Vitns [ba'-ring], navigator, II. 480 ; 

I. 242, 2 b ; X. 40, 1 a. 
BGneiNU Island, II. 480. 
Behesng Sea, II. 480. 
Beheisu Strait, II. 481. 

Beisa [ba'-e-ra], province of Portugal, II. 481. 

Beirut [ba-root'J : see Beyhout. 

Beisan [ba-san'] : see Sctthopolis. 

Bbissbl, Johann Conrad [bi'-ael], German re- 
ligionist, II. 481. 

Bsit Allah [bait dl'-M], a name of the Caaba, 
XI. 314, 3 a. 

Beit-el-Fakih [-el-fa'-ke], town of Arabia, 11. 
481. Beit-el-Fakih el-Kebir, 2 1>. 

Beitin [ba-teen'], site of Bethel, II. 594, 1 ab. 

Beit Lahm [bait Um], Arabic name of Bethle- 
hem, II. 594, 2 0. 

Beit TJr el-Foka, site of Upper Beth-horon, 11. 
694, 3 bo. 

Beit Ur el-Tahta, site of Lower Beth-horon, 

II. B94, 2 be. 

Bbja [ba'-zba], city of Portngal, II. 481. 
Bejapooe', ruined city of Hindostan, 11. 481 

(111.). 

Bejow : see BuAwmt. 
Beia, half shekel, XIV. 841, 3 a. 
Beht, bat, VII. 110, 3 b. 
Beeb, Charles Tilstone, English geographer 
and esplorer, II. 482. 



BELGOROD 

Bisfes [ba'-kaish], county of Hungary, II. 482. 
Town, 2 a. 

Bekkeh, Immanuel, German philologist, 11.483. 

Bel, Babylonian divinity : see Baal, II. 178, 1 
ab; Beltjs, 513; MEEonAcn, XI. 410, 2 a ; 
Mythology, XIL 117, 1 b. 

BfcLA [ba'-la], name of several Hnngarian kings, 
IL 482. 

Belair, county seat, VIII. 461, 2 c. 

Belair, town of Hayti, IX. 497, 3 b. 

Belbe»: see Bblbbis. 

Belbbis [bel-bace'], town of Egypt, IL 483. 

Belieys : see Belbeib. 

Belohee, Sir Edward, English naval officer and 
explorer, II. 483 ; 1. 675, 1 c, ff. (Died 1877.) 

Belobek, Jonathan, American colonial gover- 
nor, II. 483. Jonathan, chief justice of No- 
va Scotia, 2 b. 

Belcheb, Tom, English pugilist, II. 483. 

Bele (botany), VII. 110, 1 c. 

Beled el-Anii [bel'-ed el-a-neeb'], town: sec 

Beleb TiL-JEnro [ool-ja-reed'], region of Africa, 
II. 483. 

Beled-Zansiiar, city, XVI. 806, 1 e, 

Becem [ba-16'*'], suburb of Lisbon, Portugal, 
II. 483. Tower of, 484, 1 ab (ill.). 

Bblbm, city of Brazil, II. 484. 

Belem'bites [generic, sing, and pi., be-lem-ni'- 
tet'z], fossil molluaka, 11. 484 (ills.), 

Beleinnose'pia, fossil mollusks, II. 485, 2 a. 

Belemnoteu'thia, fossil mollusks, V. 202, 2 o. 

Belesta [bilh-!es-tS], town of France, II. 485. 

Bel'fast, city of Maine, II. 485. 

Belfast', town of Ireland, II. 485. Albert 
memorial tower, 486, 1 ab (iU.). Queen's 
college, 1 o (ill.). 

Bblfoet [bel-for], town of Franco, II. 486 ; 
view, 487. 

Bel'o*, ancient people of Gaul, 11. 487. 

Beloaed [bel'-gart], town of Prussia, II. 487. 

Belgaum', town of Hindostan, U. 487, 

Belgia Gonfesaion, XIV. 354, 2 e ; 257, 1 a. 

Belgiojobo, Cristina, princess of [bel-jo-yo'- 
zo], Italian patriot and writer, II. 487. 

Bel'gidm, kingdom, II. 487. Divisions and 
inhabitants, 488, 1 a. Physical features, 1 b. 
Minerals, 2 b. Intercommnnication, 2 c. 
Occupations, 489, 1 ab. Finances, 2 a. Mili- 
tary force, 2 b. Government, 2 c. Pauper- 
ism, 490, 1 h. Religion, 1 be. Education, 
1 c. History, 3 a. Its permanent neutral- 
ity assured, XII. 359, 2 c. 

Belgoeod', town of Eussia, II. 493. 



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BELGEADE 



BELLINGHAM 



Bbiobade', capita! of Servia, II. 493 (ill.). 

Belgra'via, in London, X. 596, 1 b. 

Bkoai. [be'-ljol], a Hebrew word, II. 493. 
Beliar ia the best New Testament manu' 
scripts, 2 c. 

Belidou, Bernard Forest de, French military 
engineer and author, II. 493. 

Belisa'kitis, Byzantine general, 11. 494. Le- 
gend of his blindness and mendicancy, 3 c. 
See JcsTisiAN. 

Bexizs : see Balizb. 

BBtKifiP [bel'-nap], county, II. 495. 

Belknap, Jeremy, D. D., American historian, 
II. 495. 

Bell, II. 495. In antiquity, 1 c. Earliest 
church nse, 2 ab. Oonsecrution and bap- 
tism of beils, 3 b. The passing and the cur- 
few bell, 2 c. Evening hell, origin of, V. 
S82, 3 a. Bells of Kusaia, II. 496, 1 a (ill.) ; 
of China, 3 h ; in England, Trance, &c., 
2 ; in the United States, ib. Liberty be]!, 
497, 2 a (ill.). Material, 1 c. Tone, 2 c 
Manufacture, IV. 80, 2 c (Castiho). 

Bell, county, II. 498. 

Bell, county of Kentucky : see Joas Bell. 

Bell, an Englishman in the service of King 
Theodore of Abyssinia, I. 46, 2 c. 

Bell, Andrew, English clergyman, II. 498. 

Bell, Sir Charles, British surgeon and anato- 
mist, II. 498. 

Hell, George Joseph, Scottish lawyer, II. 499. 

Bell, Ilenry, Scottish inventor, II. 499. 

Bell, John, Scottish physician and traveller, 
II. 499. 

Bell, John, Scottish surgeon, II. 499, 

Bell, John, American lawyer and statesman, 
n. 499. 

Bell, John, English sculptor, II. 500. 

Bell, Luther V., American physician, II. 600. 

Bell, Thomas, English zoologist, II. 500. His 
classification of amphibia, I. 435, 2 h. 

Bella Chiava [bel'-la kya'-va], mediteval name 
of Balaklava bay, II. 231, 2 b. 

Bbu^doji'na, plant, II. 600 ; ill., 501. Symp- 
toms of poisoning by, 1 e ; remedies, 3 b. 

Bellamare [beUa-mi'-rfi], his attempt on the 
life of Napoleon III., IIL 61, 1 ab. 

Bel'lamokt, Richard Cooto, earl of, English 
colonial governor, H. 501. See Eid», Wii- 

Bellamy, Mrs. George Ann, English actress, 
II. 502. 



Bel'laeuis, Robert, Italian theologian and 

cardinal, II. 502. 
Bellarmino, Roberto [be!-lar-me'-no] ; see Bbl- 

Bellaby [bel-Ia'-re], district of India, II. 502. 
■ Town, 2 b. 

Bellat, Guillanme du [ba^la], French soldier 
\ and diplomatist, II. 602. Jean du, cardinal 
and diplomatist, 503, 1 a. Joachim du, 
poet, 1 be. 

Bell bird, XVL 109, 3 e. 

Belle, Jean Frangois Joseph de, French gen- 
eral, II. 503. 

Bellechasse [bel-shils], county of Canada, II. 
503. 

Bellefonte [bel-fonf], county seats, IV. 206, 
1 c; 1X483, la. 

Belle-Ible, Charles Lonis Auguste Fonquet, 
duke de [bel-eel], French soldier and states- 
man, II. 503. Louis Charles Armand Fon- 
quet, chevalier de, 504, 1 a. 

Belle Isle [bel ile'], North and South, islands 
of North America, II. 504. 

Belle Isle, Strait of, II. 504. 

Bellb-Ible-en-Meb [bel-eel-a°'-mair], island of 
France, II, 504. 

Bbl'lendes, William, Scottish writer, IL 504. 

Bellenz [bel'-lents] ; see Bellikzoha. 

Belleeopho!! [bel-16r'-o-fon], mythical hero, 
IL 604. 

Bdlercphon, the: see Ibon-clad Ships, IX. 
381,2 c; 882, 1 b, C, 2 be ; 383, 1 ah, 2 ah ; 
386, 1 he. 

Belleval, Pierre Eicher de [dilh bel-vfil], 
French botanist, II. 604. 

Belleville [bel'-vilj, eity of Illinois, II. 504. 

Belleville, town of Canada, 11. 505. 

Belleville sorrel, XV. ITl, 3 a (ill). 

Bellmtve [bel-Tu'], county seats, III. 114, 3 b ; 
IX. 484, Ic; XIV. 635, 1 c. 

Bellevm hospital, New York, XII. 396, 1 b. 
Medical college of, 403, 3 a and 1 b (table). 

Bellet [ba-la], town of France, II. 605. 

Belliard, Augustin Daniel, count [ba-Iyar], 
French soldier, II. 505. 

Belligerent [bel-lij'-er-ent], general rights of, 
XIV. 19, 2 a. 

Belligerent states, conventions between, X. 
22T, 2 o. 

Belling, cry of the hart, VIT. Y5, 2 a. 

Belliso, Wilhelm Sebastian voc, Prussian sol- 
dier, IL 505. 

Bellikqham, Richard [bel'-ling-um], English 
colonial governor, IL 505. Marries himself, 



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90 



BELLINI 



and is prosecuted for violation of law, 9 be ; 

tries his own oaae, and acquits iiimself, ib. 
Belejsi, tTacopo [bel-ls'-ne], Venetian painter, 

n. 506. Gentile, 506, 1 a. Giovanni, ib. 
Bellini, Laurentio, Italian anatoniist, II, GOG. 
Brlmhi, Vincenzo, Italian composer, II. 506. 
BKLLrszo'rTA, town of Switzerland, II. 506. 
Bel'lii per&n'nU (botany), T. 638, 1 a (ffl.). 

A. prolifera, 1 b. 
Bellman, Karl Miokel, Swedish poet, II. 

606. 
Bell metal, composition of, II. 49T, 3 bo ; III. 

814, 2 b. 
Bellomgnt : see Bellamokt. 
Bello'na, Roman goddess, II. 507. 
Bellona'Tii, priests of Bellona, II. 507, 1 a. 
Bellot, Joseph Een6 [ha-lo], French naval 

officer, IL 607 
Bellows [bel' Ins], laatiuraent, II. 507. See 

Blowinq Machines 
Bellovia, or blowing tnurmnr, :n chlorosis, IV. 

504,2 a; VHI 561, 2 o 
Bellows, Ilonry Whitney, D. D. [bel'-loze], 

American clergyman, II. 508. 
Bellows Falls, village of Vermont, II. 508. 
Bellows Fisn, 11. 508 (ill.). 
Bbllot, Pierre Lanrent Buirette de [diih ba- 

Iwfi], French dramatist, II. 508. 
Bell roek lighthouse, X. 460, 1 ah (ill,). 
Bbllttho [bel-loo'-no], province of Italy, II. 

609. Capital city, 1 b, 
BeUuno, duke of: see Victoh, Claude. 
Belhimim, ancient city, II. 609, 1 b (Belluno). 
Belhiile, county seat, II. 127, 1 b. 
BEL-llEHODAcn : see MEiiODAcn. Temple of, 

n. 180, 2 a. 
BelmimilQ of fadtta, mathematician, I. 801, 

3c. 
Belmont', county, II. 609. 
Belmont, connty seat, I. 334, 2 b. 
Belmont, village of Missouri, II. 509. Battle 

of, iS. 
Bblmostet, Lonis [bel-mO"»-ta], French poet, 

IL 509. 
Be'lob, William, English clergyman and author, 

IL 509. 
Beloit', city of Wisconsin, II. 610. Beloit 



Bel'omaney, VL 153, 2 c (DmNATioN). 
Belon, Pierre [bilh-lo"'], French nataralist, IL 

510. His classification of birds, 511. 704, 

2 a. 
Belt/ne (Ichthyology), XIII. 510, 2 c. B. tnm- 

cata, ib. (ill., 511). 



Beloo'cfies, tribe of Beloochistan, II. 610, 2 c ; 
605, 1 he. 

BBLOooniSTAN [bel-oo-tchis-tSn'], country of 
Asia, II. 510. 

Beloojistan : see BELoocnisTAN. 

Belotlo, Bermrdo, 111. 690, 2 c (Cakaletto). 

Belpeb, town of England, II. 611. 

Behamen [bel-sa'-men], Carthaginian deity, IV. 
37, 2 c. 

BeVa cairm, in Ireland, referred to, II. 178, 2 a. 

Bel'sham, Thomas, English clergyman and au- 
thor, II. 511. William, historical writer, I c. 

Beishazzab ; see Babylon. 

Belsunce, Ileni'i Francois Xavier <le [bel- 
sii"'ss], French bishop, II. 511. 

Belt, Great and Little, channels between the 
Baltic sea and the Cattegat, II. 611. 

Bel'takg, ancient festival of Ireland and Scot- 
land, IL 511. 

^efei'n [bel'-tain]; see Beltane. 

Beltis, Babylonian goddess; see Mtlitta. 

Belton, county seat, IL 498, 1 b. 

Bel'thami, county, II. 511. 

BeM'ga (zoSlogj), VL 193, 2 o. B. borealis, 
198, 1 a (ill., 192). 

Belwnum, ancient city, II. 609, 1 b (Bellttno). 

Bblub Taoh [ba~Ioor' t4g] : see Bolob Tagh. 

Bklus, Babylonian divinity, II. 512. 

Belns, legendary leader of an Egyptian colony 
to Babylonia, IV. 229, 1 c. 

Belcb, Temple of: see Babel, and Babylon. 

Belut Tagh [ba-loof t&g] : see Bolob Taoh. 

Belvedere tilla [bel-va-da'-ra], of the Vaticiin, 
SVI. 372, 1 ab. 

Behidere [bel-vo-dccr'], connty seats, III. 82, 
2 c ; SVL 459, 3 c. 

Belzo'ni, Giovanni Battista, Italian traveller 
and esplorer, II. 512. His explorations at 
Ipsambul, IX. 344, 1 a, 890, 1 b ; in the pyr- 
amids, XrV. 106, 1 be. 

Betonw [bel-zti°'s3]: see Belbukce. 

Bem, J6zef, Pohsb general, II. 512 ; 146, 2 b ; 
IX. 60, 1 c, 2 b ; 61, 1 ah. 

Bema, the, of Athens, II. 59, 3 b ; VL 385, 2 b. 

Be'man, Nathaniel 8. S., American clergyman, 
IL 513. 

Behbo, Bonifazio, Italian painter, II. 513. 
Giovanni Francesco, painter, 3 be. 

Bembo, Pietro, Italian cardinal and author, II. 



513; 



SO. 1 a 



Bemborowgh, English officer, H. 437, 2 e. 
Bemva'g Heights, battle of, XIV. 628, 3 a. 
Ben, use of in Hebrew and Arabic, IL 514. 
Jewish prelis in surnames, XII. 197, 2 c. 



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BEN-A-BOTJED 

Beii-a-hourd, mountain of Scotland, II. 347, 2 b ; 
monument to Prince Albert, ib. 

Eena'evs La'eus, ancient name of Lake Garda, 
VIL 619, 1 0. 

BBSALOAzAit, Sebastian de [ba-nal-ka'-thar], 
Spanish adventurer, II. 514. 

BBSABK8 [ben-&'-rez], city of British India, II. 
514; view, 615. 

Bkn'bow, John, English admiral, II. 515. 

Benehera of the inwi of court, in London, IX. 
391, a a. 

BuNooo'LEif, Dutch reaidency in Sumatra, II. 
616. Town, 1 be. 

Bend, in heraldry, VIIL 672, I b; bend sinis- 
ter, 1 be. Per bend, 671, 2 e ; per bend sinis- 
ter, iS. See plate (after p. 670), on the left. 

Beij'da, Franz, German violinist, II. 516. 
Georg, composer, 3 ah. 

Bbsdavid, Lazarus [ben-dS'-vit], German phi- 
losopher and mathematician, II. 516. 

BKunKMiBS, Ednard [ben'-dSh-nifin], German 
painter, II. 516. 

Bendbr, town of Bessarabia, Eassia, II. 517. 

Bendigo: see SAKonnnsT. 

Bkitmsh, Bridget, granddaughter of Oliver 
Cromwell, IL 517. 

Bbbidek:, Ludwig von [ion ba'-nSh-dek], Aus- 
trian soldier, II. 517. 

Bbnedbt'ti, Vincent, count, French diploma- 
tist, II. 517. His rudeness to King William 
of Prussia, 3 c; VII. 8S4, 2 a. 

BendUt, in heraldry, VIII. 672, 1 bo. 

Bendy, in heraldry, VIII. 673, 1 a. See plate 
(after p. 670). 

Bbn'ediot, popes, II. 518. Benedict II., 1 a; 
IIL, 1 b; VIIL, iS.; XI, 1 c; XII., 2 a; 
XIIL, iS.; SlIL, antipopo: sea Luka, Pe- 
dro de; XIV., 3 b. 

Behediot, Bumamed Biscop, a saint, IL 518. 

Benedict, abbot of Peterborough, English his- 
torian, IL 519. 

Bbnebiot, Sir Julius, English composer, n. 619. 

Bkneoiot, Saint, founder of the Benedictine 
order, II. 519. His monastic rule established 
in all western Europe, XL 729, 3 c. 

Besemot op AsiAHE [S-fiyan], a saint, II. 519 ; 
51. 730, 1 a. 

Benedict X///, anti-pope: see LruA, Pedro de. 

Benedictine eongregation qf St. Maiir, II. 530, 
1 a; XL 731, 1 b. 

BESEDtcriNES [ben-e-dik'-tins], order of monks, 
II. 519. Congregations of, 530, 1 a. Bene- 
dictine monk (ill.), 1 b. Benedictine nuns, 
3 a; in the United States, ib. 



BENIOARLO 



91 



Benedictional, the, in the Roman Catholic mis- 
sal, XL 635, 2 c 

Bbsedis, Julina Koderich, German dramatbt, 
II. 520. 

Benefice [ben'-e-fis], in the feudal system, VII. 
160, 1 b. 

Benefteei of the Snglish church, I. UO, 1 b; 



VL 6 



, lb. 



Beneftciiim, in the feudal system, VIL 160, 1 b. 
BESEFrr OP Olbbst, H. 520. In the United 

States, 531, 3 a. 
Benefit of peerage, II. 521, 1 o. Advantage 

taken of it by the duchess of Kingston, X. 

11, 3 b. 
Benehami, primitive inhabitants of B6ani, IL 

432, 1 c. 
Bbsbke, Eriedrich Eduard [ba'-n6h-k6h], Ger- 
man philosopher, IL 631; XL 813, 3 be; 

XIIL 443, 3 0. 
Bbnbvestb [bs-nit-ve°"-ta], town of Brazil, IL 

521. 
Benevbnto [bfi-na-ven'-to], province of Italy, 

IL 621. Capital city, 532, 1 a (ill.). 
Benemntum, ancient city, II. 622, 1 a, 3 a 

(Beneybkto). 
Besev'olbncb, gratuity or forced loan, in Eng- 
lish history, II. 622. 
Beskzet', Anthony, American philanthropist, 

IL 622. 
Bbnfet, Theodor [ben-fl'], German philologist 

and orientalist, II. 523. 
Bengal [ben-gawl'J, province of British India, 

II. 523. Political designation, 1 c. Extent 

and population, 2 a. Physical features, 3 be. 

Climate, 524, 1 b. Soil and productions, 1 c. 

Fauna, 2 c. Government, 535, 1 b. Cities, 

2 b. People, if. History, 3 c. 
Bengal, Bay of, II. 536. Sea of, 1 b. 
Bengalee' language, IX. 316, 3 c ; 217, 2 o. 
Bengal hemp, Vllf. 633, 3 be. 
Bengal lights, in pyrotechny, XIV. 117, 3 c. 
Bengali/, bird, VII. 190, 1 c. 
Bbno'el, Johann Albrecht, German theologian, 

II. 526. 
BfeNHEH, Elizabeth Ogilvy [beng'-gher], Englisli 

authoress, II. 628. 
Bknohazi [bon-g&'-ze], town of Barca, II. 526. 
Benouela [ben-ga'-la], country in Africa, TI. 

636. Sao Felipe de Benguela, capital, 527, 

lb. 
Bem [ba'-ne], department of Bolivia, II. 537. 
Beni, river of Bolivia, II. 627. 
Benioarlo [ba-ne-kar-lo'], town of Spain, II. 

537. 



,y Google 



BENIOIA 



BENZIN 



BENicii [be-nisb'-a], town of California, II. 527. 

Beni-Hastan [ba'-ne-has'-san], grottoes of, XII. 
451, 3 b. 

Benin [ben-een'], kingdom of Africa, II. 527. 
Town, 528, 1 a. Bight of, 1 b. 

Benhowbey, Moritz August, count [ben-yov'- 
slce], Hungarian soldier and adventurer, 11. 
538. 

Benitier [ba-ne-se-i], shell used for holy water, 
XI. 731, 2 c. 

Ben'jamin, Hebrew patriarch, II. 528. 

Benjamin, gum, 11. 545, 1 c. 

Benjamin, Judah Phillips, American lawjer 
and senator, II. 628. 

Bbsjamin, Park, Americanpoet and journalist, 
II. 529. 

Benjamin of Tusbla, Jewish rabbi and traTel- 
ler, II. 529. 

BenUcBiidorff, ChrUtoph oora, Russian courtier, 
X. 420, 1 a. 

Benkler, lamps of, X. 139, 2 be. 

Ben Lo'mosd, mountain of Scotland, II. 629. 

Bksni;t, Henry, earl of Arlington, English 
statesman, II. 529. 

Bennet, Thomas, English theolo^an and eon- 
troversialist, II. 529. 

Benkbtt, James Gordon, American j'oamaliat, 
II. 530. James Gordon, jr., 631, 1 a. 

Bennett, John Hughes, English physician, II. 
681. On latent pneumonia in old people, 
IX. 373, 3 c ; his theory of inflammation, 
376, la; on plastic corpuscles, 3 a. His ex- 
posure of an imposition: see Blood Stains, 
II. 740, 3 be. 

Bennett, Sir William Sterndale, English com- 
poser, n. 581. 

Bennett^ Mr., omiBsioa theory of light tested 
by him, X. 436, 2 c ; 437, 1 ab. 

BertnetUoilU, county seat, XI. 176, 2 b. 

Bes Ne'th, mountain of Scotland, II. 531. 

Bek'ninosen, Levin August Theophil, count, 
Russian general, II. 5S1. Alexander Levin, 
Hanoverian statesman, 532, 1 a. Budolf 
von, statesman, 1 ab. 

Bbnkinqton, county of Vermont, II. 532. 

Besniuoton, township, II, 532. Battle of, 3 a. 

Benno, abbot of Olany, XI. 730, 1 ab. 

Benno, Saint, bishop of Meissen, II. 532. 

Beno'ni, Hebrew name, II. 528, 2 a. 

Bbnoo'we, river of Africa, II. 532. 

Bermhee: see Banshbe. 

Benson, Oarl, nom de plume. III. 291, 2 ah. 

Ben'soh, George, English clergyman and au- 
thor, II. 532. 



Benson, Joseph, English clergyman, II. 688. 

Bbnt, county, II, 633. 

Bentiiam, Jeremy [ben'-tam or ben'-tham], 
English philosopher, II. 533. Utilitarian 
principle of government and morals, 534, 
2 be, 635, 2 b. Offers to prepare "a com- 
plete body of law" for the United States, 
536, 3 c. Talleyrand's remark on his wealth 
of thought, 538, 3 be. See Moral Philoso- 
i-ny, XI. 607, 1 c, 814, 1 b. 

Bentham, Thomas, English bishop, II. 638. 

Bestinok, English nobie family, II. 539. Wil- 
liam, earl of Portland, 1 a. Henry, duke 
of Portland, ib. William, second duke, iS. 
William Henry Cavendish, third duke, 
1 ab. Lord William Charles Cavendish, 

1 b. George Frederick Cavendish (Lord 
George Bentinck), 3 b. Junior branch, 2 c. 
William, lord of Rhoon and Pendrecht, ii. 
Count William Christian. Frederick, ii. 
Charles Anthony Ferdinand, ih. Sir Henry 
John William, ib. 

Bentivoglio [ben-te-vo'-lyo], Italian family, 
II. 540. Giovanni, lord of Bologna, 1 a. 
Annibale, ib. Giovanni (2d), ib. Ercole, 
poet, 1 ab, Guido, cardinal, 1 b. Cornelio, 
cardinal, 1 be. 

Be/a lener, a kind of balance, JI. 234, 2 b. 

Behtley, Richard, English scholar and critic, 
II. 540. His services to Latin scliolarship, 
X. 191, 3 ab. 

Bestlet, Robert, English botanist, 11. 541. 

Benton, eight eountiea, II. 641. 

Bbston, village of Wisconsin, II. 542. 

Benton, county seats, VII. 484, 2 h ; XI. 198, 

2 be ; XIII. 679, 2 b ; XIV. 565, I b ; 707, 
Ic. 

Bestox, Thomas Hart, American statesman, 

II. 543. His personal conflict with Andrew 

Jackson, 15. 488, 2 b. 
BintonmUe, county seat, II. 641, 3 c. 
BENTZBL-SiEENAr, Christiaii Ernst, count 

[bent'-ael stait'-now], German author and 

statesman, II. 543. 
Senile [ben-oo'-a], river : see Benoowe. 
Ben-yamin, or Ben-yamim; see Bbjkjamin, II. 

528, 2 ab. 
Bemenierff [ben'-t.=en-bairg], his ospcriments to 

prove the earth's rotation, VI. 359, 1 b. 
Benzene': see Benzine. Use of the term, in 

England, II. 544, 1 c. 
BemeTta: see Bizegta. 
Bekzie, county, II, 543. 
Ben'ain ; see Benzine, and Benzole. 



, Google 



BENZINE 

Benzine [ben-zeen' or ben'-zin], in chemistry, a 
liglit oU of petroleum, II. 544. DistinftuiBhed 
from benzole, 1 b. 

Bemcates [ben'-zo-ates], salts, II. 545, 1 c 

Benzo'io Acid, II. 544. 

Ukszois', gum becjamiii, II. 546. Styrisben 
zoin, tree yielding it, 1 c (ill.). Its uaea, 
2 bo. Erroneously called a gum, i6. bource 
of benzoic acid, 544, 3 bo. 

£eneoin odoriferum (botany), VII. 164, 1 be(i!l.). 

^CTiiMi, Liebig's name for benzine, II. 544, 1 a; 
sjnonyme of benzole, 646, I a. 

Bbhzole', a product of coal tar, II. 54G. Dia- 
tinguisbed from benzine, 544, 1 b, c. 

Benzonia, county seat, II. 544, 1 a. 

Beowulf [be-o'-woolf], Tale of: see Anglo- 
Saxons, Language and Literature of the, I. 
504,2 a. 

BiiKANOBB, Pierre Jean de [ba-r&''-zh5], French 
poet, n. 540. . Kelations with Lucien Bona- 
parte, 54T, a a ; III. 34, 2 ab. 

Bbbab', province of British India, II. 548. 

B&B4ED, Joseph rr^dfirio [ba-rarj, French 
physician, II. 548. Pierre HonorS, surgeon, 
549, 1 a. Augnste, surgeon, 1 b. 

Berard'a method of detefmining specifle heat of 
goMi, VIII. 5T6, 1 a. 

Berat [ba-rAf], town of Albania, II. 549. 

Beb'bbe, town of Nubia, 11. 549. 

Bke'beea, trading place of Africa, II. 549. 

Bbbsebi'na, an alkaloid, II. 549. 

BeTberine [ber'-ber-in], (same aa berberina), 
XVI. 780, 3 bo. 

Ber'ieris (botany), II. 800, 1 o. B. vulgaris, 
2 a C\\l.) ; berberina extracted from, 549, 2 a ; 
HSe for hedges, VIII. 604, 3 c. B. Canaden- 
sis, IL 800, 3 ab. B. aquifohum, ib. 

Berber language, I. 171, 1 b. 

Berberry: see B abbs bey. 

Beebeeb, African race, II. 549 ; 238, 1 o ; I. 
304, 1 ah; IV. 143, 1 c; X. 409, 1 bo, 2 a; 
SI. 840, 1 bo. 

Bbebice [ber-beeoe'], river of Gaiana, II. 550, 
County, 1 ab. 

BEEonTEsGADEM [bair'h'-tess-ga-den], Bavarian 
principality, II. 550. Berchtesgaden ware, 
2 a. Town, ib. 

Berchtold V. [bair^h'-tOlt], duke of Zahringon, 
II. 570, 1 a. Clock tower built by him, 2 c. 

Bbbot [bair-se], subnrb of Paris, II. 550. 

Bbbbiansk [bSrd-yfinsk'], town of Russia, II. 
550. 

Berditch'et, city of Rnssia, II. 650. 

B^e, Scotch barley, II. 316, I a. 



BERGMAN 93 

Bbb'bo, county of Hungary, II. 561, 

Berenga'ria, wife of Richard Oceur de Lion, 
XIV 312, 2a(Sw); 313, lb. 

Bbpb\gabiu3, medifeval ecclesiastic, IT, 531. 
His views on the eucharist, X. 688, 3 a. 

Berenger [bEr'-en-jer], (Fr. Berenger, biUrA"'- 
zbj,) see Bebexoabius. 

Beeenobb I., king of Italy, 11. 551. Berenger 
II , 2 b. 

Bebemob [bEr-e-ni'-se], name of several Egyp- 
tian and Syrian qneenaand princesses, JI. 552. 

Bebbniob, ancient city of Egypt, II. 663. An- 
cient city of Cyrenaica, 1 ab. 

Bebesfoed, Jamea [bEr'-ess-furd], English au- 
thor, II. 553. 

Bebesfoed, William Oarr, viscount, English 
general, II, 553. 

Bebbsisa [bfir-ez'-e-na], river of Russia, II. 653. 

Berenna: see Beeesina. 

Berezov', village of Russia, II, 554. Town of 
Siberia, 1 a. 

see Bbbbzov. 

[b6r-i5h-zov'-ske], hia attempt on 
the hfe of Alexander II., I. 284, 2 c ; 629, 
2 a. 

Bebci [bairg], duchy of Germany, II, 554. 

Bbeo, Friedrich von, count, Russian general, 
II. 554. 

Beesama [bair-gd'-ma], town of Asiatic Tur- 
key, 11 654; Sm. 291, 3 a. 

Bebgami, Bartolomraeo [bair'-ga-me], courier 
of Queen Caroline, IL 654. 

Berga'mia (botany), II. 655, 3 a. 

Beboamo [bair'-ga-mo], province of Italy, II. 
654. Capital city, 2 c; view, 555. 

Bbe'oamot, citron, II, 655 (ill.). Bergamot 

Bebqbs' [bur'-ghon], county, II. 555. Palisades 

(of the Hudson), 556, 1 a. 
Beeobb [bair'-ghen], province of Norway, II. 

556. Capital city, 3 a (ill.). 
Bbh&bn-op-Zoom [-op-zome], town of the 

Netherlands, IL 666. 
Bekoeneoth, Gustav [bair'-gh en-rote], Ger- 
man-English historian, II. 567. 
Beegehao p)fiirzh-rak], town of Eranoe, II. 

657. 
Beboebao, Savinien Cyrano de, French author 

and duellist, IL 557. 
BEEGHAtTB, Heinrfoh [bairg'-honae], German 

geographer, II. 567. 
Bebqhem, Mkolaas [bair'-ghem], Dntob painter, 

n. 557. 
Beeoman, Torbem Olof [bSirg'-mSn], Swedish 



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chemist aiid naturalist, IL 553. See CnEsi- 



r, IV. 8 



, la. 



BEKGONzt [bair-gone'-dze], family of Italian 
violin makers, II. 558. Carlo, 2 c. Michel 
Angelo, 659, 1 a. Nicol6, ib. 

Berg-op-Zoom : see Beboek-op-Zoom. 

Bergseife [bairg'-zi-fSh], (mountain soap), III. 
6, 3 p. 

BEEenEa, or Bergues-St.-Wlnoc [bairg-sa°'-ve- 
nult], town of France, II. 559, 

BeHng, Vitus: see Bbheing. 

BBK'nieTON, Joseph, English author, II. B59. 

BfimOT, Charles Augusts de [dflh bair-yo], Bel- 
gian Yiolinist and composer, II. 659. 

Bbbkelky [burlt'-le], oonnty, II. 659. 

Bbskelet, town of England, II. 559. Berlte- 
lej castle, 2 c. 

Bebkelkt, George, Irish prelate and philoso- 
pher, II. 559 ; XIII. 441, 2 b. 

Behkblbt, George Charles Grantley Fltz- 
Hardinge, English sportsman and author, II. 
S60. Maurice Frederick Fitz-Hardinge, Bar- 
OQ Fitz-Hardinge, aJmiral, 561, 1 a. 

Beseelby, Sir William, royal governor of 
Virginia, II. 561 ; X. 290, 1 c; XVt. 383, 
3b,ff. 

Berkeley Sprauos, town of Virginia, II. 561. 

Bekes, county of Pennsylvania, II. 561. 

BerJce, county of England : se« BEEKaHiEE. 

BEREsniBB [bnrk'-sher], county of Massachu- 
setts, II. 661. 

BERKsniKB, county of England, IL 562. 

Berkshire white sand, in glass making, VIII. 
13,2 a. 

Berlandier'a flax, X. 514, 2 ab. 

BBELicHiNGKif, Gotz von [gots foD bair'-li'h- 
ing-en], German feudal knight, II. 562. 

Bek'liu [Ger. bair-leen'], capital of Prnssia aad 
of the German empire, II. 563. Divisions, 
2 a. Description, 1 c. Churches, 564, 1 b. 
Palaces and public buildings, 2 a. Old mu- 
seum, 2 b ; new, 665, 1 a. Theatres, 1 b. 
Art galleries, 2 a. Parks and resorts, 2 ab. 
Monuments, 3 o. University, ib. Other 
schools, 566, 1 ab. Social condition, 2 a. 
Charity, 2 be. Industry and commerce, 
567, 1 a. Name and history, 2 a. Illustra- 
tions ; general view, 563 ; statue of Freder- 
ick the Great, 564 ; Hedwigskirche, ib. ; 
royal theatre, 565 ; royal library, 566 ; ex- 
change, 667. 

Berlin and Milan decrees, Napoletin's, V. 288, 
1 b and ; III. 43, 2 b. Iiyary to American 
interests, and excitement caused by tliem 



BEENAU 

and by the British orders in council, II. 725, 
lb; IX. 595, 1 ab; XVI. 162, 3 c. Ko- 
taliatory measures of congress, X. 825, 2 c. 
Eevoeation of the decrees officially an- 
nounced, 46., but disavowed by H"apo)eon, 
826, 1 a ; definitely revoked, 1 c. Tiie de- 
crees and orders in council used as party 
watchwords, I. 100, 1 a. 

Beblikohiebi, Andrea Vacca [bair-lin-gya'-re], 
Italian surgeon, II. 567. 

Beelioz, Hector [bair-lyo], French composer, 
IL 568. 

Berme of a canal, III. 680, 1 c. Bcrme bank, ib. 

Bermejo [b^r-ma'-'ho], river of South Ameri- 
ca, II. 568. 

Bbb'mokcbey, parish of London, II. 568. 

Bffrmao'thm (Bermudas), II. 569, 1 bo. 

Bermuda, or Long Island, II. 568, 2 b. 

Bermuda grass, VIIL 168, 2 c. 

Beemtj'das, islands, IL 568 ; view, 569. 

Bbkmtjdkz, Geronimo [bair-moo'-iAaith], Span- 
ish poet, IL 669. 

Bermudea, Juan, wrecked on tho Bermudas, 
n. 569, 1 b. 

Been [bUra], canton of Switzerland, II. 569. 
Capital city, 570, 1 c (ill.). 

Bbrnadottb, Jean Eaptiste Jules [bair-n5-dilt], 
marshal of France and king of Sweden, II. 
571. 

Beebalil'lo [Sp. hair-na-Ie'-lyo], county of 
New Mexico, II. 673. 

Bek'naed [Fr. hair-nar], swnt and doctor of 
the Latin church, IL 573. See Templaes, 
XV. 634, 1 c, 635, 1 a. 

Beenaed, Claude, French pliysiologist, II. 574. 

Bebnard, Sir Francis, Engfish colonial gover- 
nor, II. 575. 

Behnaed, Jacques, French writer, IL 575. 

Bersard, John, English comedian, II. 575. 
William Bayle, dramatist, 2 a. 

Bebnard, Sdnt, Great and Little : see Saint 
Berkaed. 

Bebnard, Simon, Preach general and engineer, 
II. 676. 

Beenabdin or Siena, Saint, 11. 575. 

Beenaedin be Saint-Piehee [bair-uftr-da°' diih 
sa°'-pjair] : see Saint-Pierre. 

Bbbnabbises [ber'-nar-dins], Cistercian monks 
and nuns, II. 576 ; IV. 614, 1 a. 

Bemardino road [bair-nar-de'-no], Alpine pass, 
I. 864, 2 ab. 

Bernab'do uel Cab'pio, Spanish hero, II. 576. 

Beenaed oe Treviso, Italian alchemist, II. 676. 

Beesau [bair'-now], town of Prussia, II. 576. 



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BERNAUEE 

BBBSitiEK, Agnea [liSir'-now-er], her tragical 
Btory, II. 5Te. 

BemaxilU [bair-na-veel], governor of the Bas- 
tile, allusion to, II. 370, 1 a. 

Berkat [bair-na], town of Prance, H. 576. 

BEHifBiiBa [baim'-boorg], town of Germany, 
II. 576 (ill.). 

Berne : see Been. 

BfiB'treEB, Lady Juliana, English author, 11. 577. 

Bkeners, John Bourchier, baron, English 
statesman, II. 577. 

Bebnbtti [hair-net'-te], Tommaso, Italian car- 
dinal and statesman, II. 577, 

Bebbiiabd [bairn'- hart], duke of Saxe- Weimar, 
Gorman Protestant general, II. 577. 

Beeshabb, Karl (psendonymc), Danish novel- 
ist, II. 577. 

Bben!, Francesco [bair'-no], Italian poet, 11.577. 

Ber'nida (ornithology), species of, VIII. lOG, 
1 b. B. Canadensis, S a (ill.). B. brenta, 
107, 1 b (ill.). B. iencopsia, 3 a (ill.). 

Bersiee, Franpois [bair-nya], French traveller 
and philosopher, II. 678. 

Beesqja [bair-ne'-na], peak and range of the 
Alps, II. 578. Bernina pass, J5.; road, I. 
354, 2 b. 

Beesisi, Giovanni Lorenzo [bair-nS'-ne], Ital- 
ian sculptor and architect, II. 578. 

Bernis, Francois Joaehim de Pierres do [bt 



BEETEAFD 



95 



.a. 



ne]F 



u 



a th n 



d" 1 d t t 

Ih 
11 [b 



II. 578. 

1 y ], family 
t II. 578. 
D ni«l, 1 c. 



Jam I J hn, 5 

Nhl 2b Th(t )6 J mea, 2 c. 

N h i S J m 580 1 Ohria- 

t ph i& S C IV 6 n, 1 b. 

B II \ \. f M 48 1 c. 

B J hann H tw g E t, count 

[bairn'-Btorf], Danish statesman, II. 680. 

Andreas Peter, count, statesman, 1 c; VII. 

449, 2 c. 
Bbb(ea [be-r6'-a], name of two ancient towns, 

IL 580. See Vkbi4. 
BeroM medviee, acalephs, V. 548, I a. 
Bbro'sds, Babylonian (Chaldean) historian, II. 

580 ; IV. 229, 1 b. Dial of, VI, 68, 1 a; 70, 

2 b (ill.). 
liero'thah, town, Biblical, 11. 602, 1 c. 
Berothai [be-ro'-tha-i] r see Berothah (Index). 
BEBQunj, Arnaud [bair-ka*'], French author, 

n. 580. 
Berri : see Bbrbt. 
Bee'eien, two counties, IL 581. 



■;s, John JIacpherson, American states- 
man, IL 681. 

Berrien Springs, county seat, II. 581, 1 b. 

Berry, fruit: see Plant, XIIL 591, 1 a. 

Berby, former province of France, II. 581. 

Berev, Marie Louise filisobeth, duchess of, IL 
581. CharlesFerdinand, duteof, 3 b. Mario 
Caroline Ferdinande Louise, duchess of, 
2 be. 

Bebby, Mary, English writer, II. 583, Agnes, tb. 

BaEBYEE, Antoine Pierre [bair-re-ya], French 
advocate and statesmaii, II. 683. 

Berryville, county seat, IV. 637, 3 c. 

Bbr'sbekees, Scandinavian warriors, II. 683. 

Bertha, queen of Kent, aids in establishing 
Christianity in Great Britain, VI. 744, 3 be ; 
M5, 3 be. 

Bebthelot, Pierre Engine Marcellin [bajrt-lo], 
French chemist, II. 583. Ilis preparation of 
carbolic acid from acetylene. III. 760, 1 ho; 
of organic compounds by combining simpler, 
IV. 369, 2 0. 

Bkethblsdokf [bwr'-tels-dorfj, village of Sax- 
ony, II. 583. 

Bbbthibe [Fr. bMr-tya], county of Canada, II. 
583. 

Beethiee, Jean Ferdinand, French deaf-mute 
teacher, IL 683. 

Bebthiee, Louis Alexandre, French soldier, 
II. 583. Napoleon Louis Joseph Alexandre 
Charles, 584, 1 bo. 

Berthold [bMr-tCld], count of Limoges, crusa- 
der, founder of the Carmelites, 111. 800, 1 a. 

BertkoU, Ernst, psendonyme, XIV. 2 ab. 

Bebtholb or Eatisbom [bair'-tolt], German 
preacher, II, 684. 

BEEmoLLET, Claude Louis [hair-tul-Ia], French 
chemist, II, 584. See CnEuisTBT, IV. 864, 
1 b, ff.; 365, 1 a, c, 2 ah. Experiments on 
explosives, VII. 88, 1 b ; narrow escape, i6. — 
Am6d6e, chemist, II. 585, 1 b. His self-suf- 
focation, 1 be; III. 774, 1 ab. 

BertUUetia exeelsa (botany). III. 228, 2 c. 

Bkr'tib, county, II. 585. 

Bebtin, Louis Francois [bair-tS"'], French jour- 
nalist, II. 585, Lonis Marie Armand, 3 be. 
Edouard Francois, 2 c. Louise Ang61ique, 
composer and poetess, ih. (died 1877), 

Bebtini, Henri [bair-te-ne], pianist and com- 
poser, II. 585. 

Beeteand, Henri Gratien, count [bair-tr4'*], 
French soldier, II, 686. Alexandre Arthur 

Beeteand de Born : see Born, 



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96 bEeulle 

BfotTTLLE, Pierre de [ba-rfil], Freacli cardinal 
aad statesman, 11. 58 S. 

Begwiok, James Fitz-James, dake of [bBr'-ik], 
II. 586. James Francis, duke of Liria and 
Xerica, 2 o. Dute de Fitz-Jamos, ii. 

Beewiok-on-Tweed, town of England, II. B8G ; 
view, 587. Duke of: see Bebwiok. 

Behwickshiee [biSr'-ik-sher], conntj of Scot- 
land, II. 587. 

Eeh'yl, precious stone, II. 588. The largest 
known, 1 c 

Bbbt'tub; see Bbyboct. 

BBKZB'Liua, Johan Jakob, baron, Swedish chem- 
ist, II. 588. His chemical notation, 87, 9 b; 
organic chemistry, 2 c. His chemical dog- 
ma overthrown, 583, 1 c. His balance beam, 
234, 1 a. His improvement of the blowpipe, 
7i8, 1 c. See Chemistey, IV. 367, 1 be, 2 a, 
£F.; MiNBKiLOGY, SI. 590, 1 ft. 

BeneliiLS lamp, II. 580, 1 b. 

Bebzsbnti, Daniel [bSr'-zhen-ye], Hungarian 
poet, II. 58S. 

BESAKgoN [biIh-zH,"'-s5'"], town of France, II. 
690 (111.). 

BESBOBon'Ko, Alesander Andre jevitch, prince, 
Russian statesman, II. 59D. 

Besohehbllb, Louis Nicolas, ainfe [ba^shrel], 
French lexicographer and grammarian, II. 
590. Bescherelle jenne, 2 be. 

BEflmjH [ba-se-toonl : see Behistcn. 

BB8Si.RAB4 [bea-8B.'-ra-ha], family of, II. 690. 
Eudolph the Black, 2 o. Mirce or Mirxa, 
ib. Michael II., the Brave, ii. Matthew 
Brancovan, 691, 1 a. Oonstantine II, Bran- 
covan, ib. 

Bbs9ABa'»ia, province of Russia, II. 5B1. 

Bbbsa'bios, Joha or Basil, Greek scholar, II. 
691. 

Bbb'bbl, Friedrich 'Wilhelm, German astrono- 
mer, n. 591. 

Bessemer, Heury, English engineer, II. 692. 
His method of compressing coal dust, VII. 
618, 1 ab. His process for the manufacture 
of steel, XV, 358, 3 c; description of, 859, 

1 c, ff. (ills., 859-'01) ; compared with the 
Martin process, 363, I c. 

Baaemer iteel, XV. 356, 1 b, 2 ab, c ; 357, 1 ab. 

Bails of, 362, 1 a. See Bbssemeb. 
Be8si6bb8, Jean Baptiste [ba^se-air], French 

soldier, II. 692. 
Beatia, L. CuXpumiiM, referred to, IV. 120, 

2 b. 

Beatugewi Hnetura tonica, inventor of, II. 693, 



bEton 

Besfczhbff, Alexander [bes-too'-zhef], Russian 
poet and patriot, II, 593. 

BESTpzHEFi'-EitiMra [-rew-min'], Russian fam- 
ily, II. 592, Peter Mikhailovitch, count, 2 b. 
Mikhail, grand marshal, ib. Alexei, count, 2 c. 

Betahqos, Domingo de [ba-tan'-soce], Spanish 
missionary, II. 593, 

Betanmtrt [ba^tSn-koort'], Spanish family, ori- 
gin of, II. 694, 3 b. Fray Pedro de, fomider 
of the Bethlehemites, 596, 1 ab. 

Be'ta vulga'ris (botany), II. 471, 1 a (ill.). B. 
altissima, 1 c. B. cycla, 2 be (ill.). B. man- 
tima, 472, 1 a. 

Bb'tel Nut, II. 593. Betel pepper, 1 b (ill.). 

Bite rouge [bait roozh], parasite, of Martinique, 
VI. 695, 2 c. 

BBin'AM, Sir William, English antiquary, II. 
693. Eev. William, author, 2 a. 

Beth' ANT, village of ancient Palestine, II. 593 
(ill.). 

Bethant, village of West Virginia, II. 594. 
Bethany college, 1 a. 

Bbth'el, city of ancient Palestine, II. 594 (ill.). 

Bethel, town of Maine, II. 594. 

Bethel community, XV. 140, 2 b. 

Bethbncouet, Jean, seigneur do [ba-ti*'-koor], 
French navigator, II. 594. 

Bkthes'da, ancient poo! or fountain, II. 594 ; 
IX. 615, 2 be. 

BetAhammidrash: 6eeS-!isA(iO(iVB,XY.5i<i,l'h. 

Bbth-Ho'eon, Upper and Lower, two villages 
of ancient Palestine, 11. 594. 

Beth'lehem, ancient town of Palestine, 11, 
694 ; ills., 595, 

Bethlehem, borough of Pennsylvania, II. 595. 

Bethkhemite nuns, II. 696, 1 b. 

BETnLEHBMiTEs, two rcligious orders, 11. 596. 

Bethles, Gabor [bot'-len], prince of Transyl- 
vania, II. 696. 

Bethphao-e [beth'-fa-ghe], Palestine, II. 696. 

Beth'phaJie, II. 596, 2 a (Bethpuage). 

Bethroot, plant, XV. 867, 1 ab. 

Bbthsai'da, Palestine, II. 596 (ill.). 

Beth'san, village of Palestine, XIV. 726, 2 a. 

mihsMan, village of Palestine, XIV. 726, 2 a. 

Bsth'shenmh, city of Egypt, VIII. 61 B, 1 c. 

BsTHUNE [ba-tan], town of France, II. 697. 

BetAune', David: see Beaton. 

BenrHiniB, George Washington, D. D., Ameri- 
can clergyman and author, II. 597. 

Bbtlis [bet-lees'], town of Turkey, II. 697. 

Bilan [Fr. ba-tS"*], a kind of concrete, V. 209, 
1 ft. Bfiton a^lom^rS [ag-glilh-ma-rfi], 1 b. 
Esamples of its use, 2 a, ff. 



, Google 



BETON 

Se'ton, David : see Beaton. 

Betkoth'mest, II. C9T. In ancient times, 2 a. 

Decree of the conncil of Trent, 2 b. In 

France, 2 c. In England, jj. In Scotland, 

598, la- In Germany, 1 ab. In. the United 

States, 1 b. Among some aemi-eivilized 

races, I be. 
BeUibeoka, river of Madagascar, S. 809, 2 c. 
BetaiUoa, tribe of Madagascar, X. 811, 1 a. 
BeUimamka/ras, tribe of Madagascar, X, 811, 1 a, 
Bet'tekton, Thomas, English actor, II. B98. 
Bettina von Amim : see Absim, I. 758, 1 c. 
Bettinel'li, SaTerio, Italian author, II. 598. 
Betty, William Henry West, English actor, II, 

698 (died 1874). Henry, 2 c. 
Beffula (botany), II. 647, 1 a. B. alba, 1 c 

(ills.). B. pendiila, 2 b (ill.). B. lenta, 648, 

I a, B. papyracea, jJ. B. nigra, 1 b. B. 

nana, ib. 
Betwah', river of Hindostan, II. 598. 
Bmdant (Francois Sulpice, I787-18S0), [bfih- 

&&•'], hi s claaaification of minerals, XI. 590, 1 b. 
Behkbls, or Benkelszoon, Willem [bOh'-kels, 

■zone], Dutch, fisherman, II. 598. 
Bealah, county seat, III. 7, 1 h. 
BbuiJ, Charles Ernest [biih-la], French arohffi- 

ologist, H. 599. (Died 1874.) 
Beubsosvillb, Pierre de Euel, marquis de 

[btthr-no°"-veel], Fi'onch soldier, II. 599. 

Etienne Martia, 1 c. 
Becst, Eriedrich Ferdinand von, count [fon 

boist], German statesman, II. 599. His re- 

oonatruotion of the Austrian empire, 150, 

1 a, fF. His project of a federal constitution 

for Germany, VII, 756, 3 c. 
Bbcthbh [boi'-tcn], two towns of Prussia, II. 

600. 
BewDTon, marquU de [diih bilh-Yro"'J, French 

duellist, II!. 161, 2 c. 
BEVBLAun, North and Sooth [ba'-vSh-lSnt], 

islands of Holland, II. 600. 
Bkvbbbh [ba'-ver-en], borough of Belgium, TI. 

600. 
Bbv'bkidoe, William, English prelate, II. 600. 

On Isidore Meroator's collection of canons, 

III. 718, 3 c. 
Bet'eeley, borough of England, II. 600. 
Beveblet, John of, prelate, II. 600. 
Bevbelt, town of Maasachnsetts, If. 600. 
Beverly, county seat, XIV. 199, 1 a, 
Bew'ick, Thomas, English wood engraver and 

author, II. 601. John, 1 b (Sis). 
Bbiab [ba-ar' ; 8p. ha-'har'], county, II. 601. 
Besae DiSTEtoT, Tesaa, II. 601. 



BHUETPOOE 



97 



Bbxlet, Lord : see VANBtrrAKT, Nicholas. 
Beg [bS], title: see Beo; Tbipoli, SV. 872, 

2ab; Tunis, XVI. 31, 1 b. 
Beykaneer [bfi-ka-neer'] : see Bickasebh. 
Bbtle, Marie Henri [bail], French author, II, 

601 ; IV. 17, 3 a. 
Beylol Lodi, Afghan military chief, IX. 208, 

Ibo. 
Beypasha [ba'-pa-sbfl] : see Bbas. 
Beyra: see Beiba. 
Beyeout [ba-ruot'J, town of Syria, 11. 601 ; 



e BBGsnEnBH. 

Be'za, Theodore de, French reformer, II. 603. 

Bexaiwiano, the, class of Madagasoans, X, 811, 
3ab. 

Bezant', ia heraldry, VIH. 672, 2 e, 

Bezatit'lera (of'tho door), V. 756, 2 b. 

Bbza's Codex, II. 603 ; XI. 133, 1 c. 

She, TModore de [dtth baiz] r see Beza. 

BfiziEBs [ba-ze-a], town of France, II. 603. Ca- 
thedral of St. Nazaire, 3 c (ill., 604). Slaugh- 
ter of Albigensea at, 604, 1 b, and I, 253, 1 b. 

Bez'il (of the diamond), VI. 75, 1 b. 

Be'zoab, calculus used as a charm, II. 604. 

Bhabbinath [ba-dre-nat'], town of British In- 
dia, H. 604, 

Bliagerut Sow Sindia, eovereigo of Gwalior, 

VIII. 349, 1 a. 

BhagiratU [b^-ghe-ril'-te], source of the Gan- 
ges, Vn. 609, 1 c. 

Bhainaa [biue'-sa], tame buffalo, III. 410, 2 a. 

Bkalbuns, bastard Brahmans, IX. 213, 2 c. 

Bhamo [ba-mo'], town of Burraah, II, 004. 

Bhanmo: see Bhamo. 

BnARTRiHABi [bar-tre-hS'-Te ; Hind, b'hur-tre- 
hOr'-e], Hindoo poet, II. 604. 

BhAahyas, commentaries on the Ved;is, IX. 
229, 1 ab. 

Bhatoan [bat-gSn'], town of Hindostan, II. 605. 

Bhatgong: see B hats an. 

Bhnugulpore' : see Boolipooh. 

Bhawalpoob [baw-al-poor'j, state of Hindos- 
tan, II. 605. Town, 1 c. 

Bheels, tribe of India, II. 605; V. 107, 3 c; 

IX, 215, 1 a, 

Bhomiyah [bo-me'-ya], title, H. 605, 2 ab, 

Bnooj, city of Hindostan, II. 605. 

BnoPAui.', state of Hindostan, II. 605. Town, 
2 c. 

Bhotan r see Bootan. 

Ehotatita languagef XV. 705, 1 b. 

Brtjetpooe', state of Hindostan, II. 606. Cap- 
ita! city, 1 a (ilJ,). 



,y Google 



98 BHURTPORE 

Bhurtpore: soo Bhcbtpoor. 

BiAFBA [be-af'-ra], kingdom of Africa, 11. 608. 
Bight of, 1 c. 

BiALYSTOK [byS-le-stok'], town of Russia, II. 
606. 

Biamri [be-flm'-re]. Arable title, HI. 617, 2 a. 

Bianehi [bjin'-ke], (whites), Gliibelline faction 
at Florence, V. 670, 2 c, ff.; VII. 277, 2 a; 
Till. 297, 1 b. 

BiiHOHiNr, Francesco [byftn-ke'-ne], Italian as- 
tronomer and author, II. 606. 

BiABD, Auguate Frangols [byar], French paint- 
er, II. 607. Lfionie d'Annet, writer, 1 c. 

BiAKEiTz [b jar-reets], bathing place of France, 
ir. 607- Villa EugSnie, 2 a (ill.). 

Bi'ah, mythical, II. 607. Of Prienc, one of the 

Bias, a cotton cloth, I. 227, 1 o. 

Biaxial crygtaU, in optics, X. 441, 2 a; 449, 
1 a, 2 a (ills.); 461, 2 a, ff.(ills.). 

Bibanpaia, Atlas mountdns, II. 81, 1 he. 

BibaTS [be'-bars], suitan of Egjpt, III, 617, 2 he. 

Bibb, two counties, II. 607. 

BiBBiBNA, Ferdinando Galli da [heeb-bya'-na], 
Italian architect and painter, II. 608. Gio- 
vanni Maria, Francesco, and Antonio, 1 b. 

BiBBB, George Everard [he'-ber], English cler- 
gyman and author, II. 608. 

BiBBBAon [be'-ber-a'h], town of Wilrtemberg, 
n. 608. 

BiBBSco, George Demetrius, prince [be-bea'-ko], 
ffailaehian statesman, II. 608. Barbo De- 
metrina Stirbey, hospodar, 2 ab. Nicholas, 
3h. 

Biiijagua [be-be-'hA'-gwa], ant, V. 646, 1 c. 

BiMru harh [bo-be'-roo], Vm. 231, I ab. See 
Bbbbebihe. 

Bible, II. 608. Order of books in the Old 
Testament, 3 o. Divisions, historical, poeti- 
cal, prophetical, 60'' 1 a New Testament 
books, 2 b. Manuscr pt Hebrew text and Ma 
sora, 609, 2 c; printed 610 2 a Mannsc (t 
Greek text of the New Testament 611 1 o 
printed, 612, 2 b. Anc ent tranalat ons of 
the Old Testament 613 I h Modem Ter 
sions of the Bible, " c (See B bU tra la 
tions, Index.) Rev s on of tl e a tl onzed 
English version, 614 2 a F rmer dest t 
tion and cost of the B ble 618 S a F r t 
printing of it, 614, 1 b ; XIII. 846, 2 a. 

Bible Christiaru, Methodist sect, XI. 464, 1 be. 

Bible Societies, II. 614. British and foreign, 
3c; 615,lo; X.600,2e. Roman Catbolic, 
IL 610, 1 be. Russian, 1 c; I. 282, 2 c. In 



BICHE 

the United States, II. 615, 2 a. American 
Bible society, #. ; its revised test of the 
English Bible, 616, 1 b. American and for- 
eign, 2 b. American Bible union, 6I7, 1 a. 
Bible revision asaocialJon, 2 a. Controversy 
about the circulation of the Apocrypha, ib. 
Bible tramlatiom. Greek (Septua^nt), II. 
613, 1 b. Ohaldee (O. T.), 1 e; XV. 671. 
1 b. Samaritan (Pentateuch), il, 613, 1 c; 
XIV. 590, 1 b. Syriac (Peshito), n. 613, 

1 c; XV. 548, 1 c. Latin (Vnlgate), II. 618, 

2 a-c; IS. 608, 1 be, 2 a (Jebome). Latin 
(Itala), II. 613, 2 a, b; X. 200, 1 b. Ethio- 
pic, I. 43, 1 o; Tl. 762, 1 c. Amharic, I. 
49, 1 c; VI. 753, 1 a. Coptic, V. 388, 1 a. 
Gothic, VII. 762, 2 c; VIII. 125, 1 c; XVI. 
104, 1 a (Ulfilab). Old Slavic, T. 630, 1 ab, 

2 a; XV. 104, I ab. Armenian, I. 737, 1 c. 
Georgian, VII. 729, 2 a. Anglo-Saxon, T. 
505, 3b; II. 614, 1 ab (Saxon). English, 
II. 614, 1 ab (see names there referred to, and 
RoQEBS, John, XIV. 387). German (Lu- 
ther's), II. 613, 3 ; VII. 764, 1 b ; X. 728, 
1 a, 730, 1 ab. Bohemian, II. 789, la; XL 
818, 2 b. Dutch, XII. 252, 1 a. Spanish 
(first), I. 296, 1 a. ItaUan (Diodati's), Tl. 
130, 1 ab. Icelandic (first complete edition), 
IX. 156, 1 a. Danish, VI. 17, 2 b. Welsh, 
IV. 179, 2 ab. Indian (Eliot's), VL 528, 2 a. 

Biblia Hexapla., Origen's; see Poltolot, Xlli. 

687, 1 c. 
Biblical traditions amtmg the Karens, IX. 768, 

3 b. 

Bibliog'raphy, II. 618. Bibliographical works, 

619, 1 b, ff. Earliest English treatise on it, 

119, 1 c. 
Bibuoma'nia, II. 621. 
Sibliothe'ca Palati'na, section of the Vatican 

library, VIIL 613, 1 c. 
Billiotheea Sacra, periodical, XIH. 301, 2 c. 
B BRA Ernst von, baron [fon be'-bra], German 

natnrahst, II. 622. 
BiBRio TE : Bee Atttcn. 
B letax Saemo'num: see Laok. 
B arbi retted hydrogen, Faraday's name for 

benzine, II. 644, 1 a. 
B ciTEE [bo-saitr'], village of France, H. 622. 

Hoap tal ot, 3 o. 
t CHAT Marie Francois Xavier [be-shS], French 

anatomist and physiologist, II. 633. His 

classification of the organs of the body, I. 

461, 1 be and c. 
BicHE DB Mer [beesh dlh mair] : see Sba On- 

ouMBEB, XIV. 738, 3 bo. 



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BICHLORIDE 

Bichloride of methylene : seo CnLOEO'METHTL. 

Bici [fae'-se], bird, VII. UO, 2 t, 

Biokaheee', state of Hindostan, 11. 623. Capi- 
tal town, eU, 1 a. 

Bkiem, small anvil, I. 579, 1 a. 

Bick'bbstaff, Isaac, English dramatist, II. 
624. 

BiOKBRSTBTB, Edward, English clergyman, II. 
634, Henry, Lord Langdale, lawjer, 1 o. 
Edward, clergyman, ib. Robert, bishop, 
2 a. Edward Henry, clergyman and poet, 
2 ah. 

Bidas'pea, rirer, IX. 6S9, 2 c (Jhtlum). 

BmAsso'A, river of Spain, II. 624. 

Bin'oEFORD, city of Maine, II. 624. 

Biddellians, sect, 11. 628, 1 b. 

Biddings^ dumb, at aaction, 11. 103, 1 a. 

BiDDLE, Clement, American soldier, II. 625. 
Clement Cornell, political economist, 1 c. 

BiDDLK, James, American naval officer, II. 623, 

BiDDLB, John, English theologian, II. 625. 

BiDiiLE, Nicholas, American naval officer, H. 



BiDDLE, Nicholas, Amerioan banker, II. G2G. 
BiDRLE, Richard, American lawyer, II. 62T. 

His memoir oa Sebastian Cabot, III. 531, 

1 b. 
Bid'eford, seaport of England, II. 62T. 
BiDLOO, Godlried [bid'-lo], Dutch anatomist, 

IL 627. 
BiDPiT [bid'-pl], repnted author of Hindoo 

fables, II. 627. 
Bieberidi [be'-ber-i'h] : see Biebricu. 
BiEBHioB [he'-bri^h], town of Prussia, II. 627. 
BrEFVE, Edouard de [byef], French painter, IL 

627. 
BiEL [beel] : see Biesne. 
Biel, Sason divinity, II. 628, 2 b. 
BiBLA, Wilhelm von [be'-la], Gorman soldier 

and astronomer, II. 627. Biela's comet, 

628, 1 a; V, 141, 1 a. 
Bielefeld [bS'-16h-felt], town of Prnssia, 11. 

Bklenee [be'-Ier-za], lake, IL G29, 1 a (Bienbe). 
BiELfiv [byel-ev'J, town of Eassia, IL 628. 
BiELGOEOD [bye!-go-rod'] ; see Belgorod. 
Bielina [bya-ls'-na], fortress of Bosnia, III. 

112, 1 ab. 
BiELiTZ [be'-lits], town of Anstria, II. 628. 

Old Bielitz, 1 c. 
BiELLA [byel'-la], town of Italy, IL 628. 
Bkhitok: see Bialtstoe. 
BiBr.owsKi,Angust[byel-ov'-ske], Polish writer, 

IL 628. 



[beels'-hO-i&h], cave in the Hartz, 
II. 628; VnL493, 2e. 

B1E1.SK1, Marcin [hyel'-ske], Polish historian, 
IL 628. 

Biehtein, [beel'-stine], mountain, II. 628, 2 b. 

BiENKE [byen], town of Switzerland, II. 628. 
Lake of, 629, I a. 

Bienville [be-cn'-vil], pariah of Louisiana, II. 
629. 

Bienville, Jean Baptiste Lemoine (Le Moyne), 
sieur de [by&''-veel], governor of Louisiana, 
II. 629. Tranfois Le Moyne, aieur de, X. 338, 
le. 

Biere [byair], forest ot, VII. 304, 2 ab. 

BiEENAOia, Aloizy Prosper [bjEr-nats'-ke], Po- 
lish agricultural reformer, IL 630. J6zef, 
patriot, 1 ab. 

BiEKSTADT, Albert [beer'-stat], American artist, 
IL 630. 

BiES-BoscH [beece'-bosk], marshy Jake, Nether- 
lands, IL 030. 

BUwe [byaivr'], forest of. Til. 304, 2 ab. 

Bievre, stream in Paris, VIII. 69, 1 h {his). 

B!frasta [be-frAs'-ta], in Scandinavian mythol- 
ogy, 511. 120, 1 b. 

Bio'amt, II. 630 ; XIII. 687, 1 a. 

Big Beaeer, island, Lake Michigan, II. 430, 

1 o. 

Big Ben, bell, I.*ndon, X. 610, 1 a. 

Bi& Black River, Mississippi, II. 630. 

Bio Bone Lick, Kentucky, IL 680. 

BiGELOw, Erastus Brigham [big'-e-lo], Ameri- 
can inventor, II. 630. His improvement of 
the power loom for carpet weaving, IV. 20, 
2b,fF.;XVL525, 2 c. 

BioBLOw, Jacob, American physician, H. 631. 

BiGELow, John, American journalist and au- 
thor, II. 631. 

BioELOW, Timothy, American lawyer, II. 631. 

Bigjlgure, in faro, VII. 89, 2 a. 

Bigg, Scottish barley, II. 316, 1 a; IIL257, Ic. 

Bio Horn : see Sheep, XIV. 837, 2 a. 

Big Hoew, county, II. 631. 

Bw Horn River, IL 631. 

Big Horn range, Eocky mountains, XIV. 373, 

2 c. 

Bignonia (botany), XVI. 15, S c. B. capreo- 

lata, 16, 1 c. B. venusta, 2 a. 
Bigordi, Zhmenieo, painter; see GmELiSDAio. 
Big SapifU, county seat, XL 831, 2 c. 
Big Stose, connty, H. 632. 
Big tree grove (" the big trees "), III. 567, I c 

(Calavebas). See Skqcoia. 
Bihar [be'-hor], county of Hungai-y, II. 632. 



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BiJANAGUB [be-ja-ua-g&r'], city of India, II. 

682. 
BijawuB [be-jaw'-er], state of Hindostan, II, 

633. 
£il; see Belus. 
Bilateral dMease, III. 310, 2 b. 
Bilateral operation, for the stone, XV. 398, 

2 c; 399,1a. 
Bilbao [beel-bS'-o or -bow'], citj of Spain, II. 

632 (ill.). 
BiLBEKBY, shrnb, II. 633 (ill.). 
Bil'bilis, ancient town, III. 567, 1 a. 
BiLDBEDiJK, Willem [bil'-der-dike], Dutch poet, 

II 63d His second wife, poetess, 2 b. 
BiLB II 633 Its obemical composition, 2 be. 

IlB tonctions (j3i 1 c, ff., and IV. 514, 3 b 

(CHOLEbTEBlNE) 

SUe duet common VII. 574, 2 ab. 

BlLBD-UL JeRID see BELSD-rL-jEKlD. 

BiLFitJUBE, Georg Bernhard [bil'-fing-er], Ger- 
man philosopher, II. 636. 
Bilgeieaya, in a ship, XIV. 864, 1 a. 
BiLQUEB, Paul Rudolf von [bil'-gair], Gorman 

chess player, II. 636, 
Biliary concretions (calculi), [bil'-ja-re], III. 

570, Ic; IV. 5U, 1 be. 
BiuAEi Ducts, II. 636 ; X. 536, 2 c. 
Biliary fat, IV. 514, 1 ah. 
Biliary migar (picromel), II. 634, 1 c. 
Bnjs [be-leen'], town of Bohemia, II. 636, 
Biline [hil'-in], in bile, II. 634, 1 c. 
BiLiOTja Feteb, II. 637. Bilious attack, i6., 

and XV. 397, 1 be. 
Bilit [be-leef] : see Mtlitta. 
Biliverdine [bi-liv'-er-din], (bile pigment), II. 

633,2 c; 634, 1 b and o. 
Bilhis, reputed queen of Sheba, I. 620, 2 c. 
BIL^ in legislation, II, 687. Public bill, 2 b. 

Privat* bills, 638, 1 a. Money bills, 2 b. 

Form of bills, 639, 1 a. 
BIL^ infantry weapon of the middle ages, II. 

639(111.); I. 785, lb. 
Bill, of an anchor, I. 465, 1 a. 
Bill looh, in bookkeeping. III. 81, 1 a. 
Bill of Credit, II. 639. 
Bill in E«riTT, JI. 639, 
BtLL OF EioniKQB : see ExcniNOE, and I. 56, 

1 a (Acceptance). Rules of presentation, 

ih. Liability of acceptor and holder, 57, 2 c. 

Protest of foreign or inland bills, 58, 1 a. 
Bill of Health : see Quabantike, XIV. 129, 

I ab. 
Bill or Inbictmbst: see Ihdictmkst, 
Bill of Ladisg, II. 640. 



BINGERLOCH 

Bill of the papal guarantees, by tlie Italian 

parliament, IX. 454, 2 a. 
Bill op Eights, in the constitutional law of 

England, II. 640; of the United States, 2 b. 
Bill of Sale, II. 640. 
Billali., Arabic title, III. 617, 3 a. 
BiLLiTTD-VARENNK, Jeao Kicolas [be-yo vii- 

rSn], French revolutionist, II. 640. 
Bil'le, Steen Anderson, Danish naval officer, 

II. 641. 
BUM, in heraldry, VIII. 672, 2 b. See plate 

(after p. 670) on the left. 
Billiaeds [bil'-yurdz], II. 641. Best manual 

for playing, 643, 1 a. Billiard tables, 641, 

1 be, ff. Cushion and ball (ill.), I c. Oar- 

om table, 2 b (ill.). Cue and mace, 2 c 

(iU.). Position of the hand, 642, 1 a (ill.). 

Six-pocket table (ill.), 2 b. 
BiLLiKGB, Joseph, English navigator, II. 643. 
Billings, William, American composer, II. 643. 
Billingsgate, fish market of London, X. 613, 2 c. 
BiLLiNSTON, Elizabeth, English singer, II. 643. 
BiLLiTOn', East Indian island, II. 643. 
Billon [bil'-lone; Fr. bS-yO"], debased silver, 

XII. 535, 2 b. 

Billroth [bil'-rote], (Theodor, born 1829), his 
theory of inflammation, IX. 276, 2 o. On 
bacteria, 2V. 285, 1 ab. 

Bills receivable, in bookkeeping. III, 80, 2 a. 
Bills payable, ii. 

Billy-biter, bird, XV. 775, 1 c. 

Bilon, kind of madder, X. 816, 1 c. 

BiLsON, Thomas, English divine and author, 
II. 643. 

Bikted, tree, X. 518, 2 a. 

BiLSTON, town of England, II. 643. 

BiMA [be'-ma], state of Sumbawa, II. 644. 

Bim hasM, Turkish military rank, XI. 3B1, 1 b. 

BiMiNi [be-me'-ne], imaginary island, II. 644. 

Bi'nakt Akithmbtio ; see Aeithmetio, I. 708, 
1 c. Binary scale of numbers, ib. 

Binary compounds, in chemistry, SIT. 474, 
3 c ; XIV. 582, 2 h. 

Binary system of chemistry, II, 87, 2 a. Bi- 
nary theory, XIV. 582, 2 be. 

Binary sygtem in toology, VII. 367, 2 a. 

Binding of h>olca: see Bookbindino. 

Bindbabtind', town of Hindostan, II. 644, 

Bindweed (convolvnlus), V. 393, 1 a ; black, 

XIII, 689, 1 a. 

Bing, in preparing cotton for manufacture, V. 

413, 1 c. 
Bing'eit, town of Hesse-Darmstadt, II. 644 (ill.). 
Bingerloch, or Bingen hole, II. 644, 1 o. 



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BINGHAM 

EiSGHAM, Joseph [biug'-um], Engliali scholar, 

II. 645. 
BisoHAMTOK [bing'-ura-tnii], city of New York, 

ir. 645. 
Biii'gium, ancient town : see BiNeEif. 
BisoTANo', East Indian island, II. 645. 
Bin'nacle, II. 645 ; V. 187, 1 b. 
BiNSET, Amoa, American savant, II. 645. 
BissBT, Horace, lawyer, II, 646. (Died 1875.) 
BiifSET, Thomas, English clergyman, II. G46. 
Binondo [be-nSne'-ifto], suburb of Manila, XI. 

109, 1 c, 2 a. 
BimxalaU of potoih, XII. 757, 2 b ; 758, 1 a. 
Bintamg: see Bikgtano. 
Binue [be-noo'-a] : see Besoowe. 
BioBio [be-o-b6'-o], river of Chili. II. 643. 
BiolWt, science of life, n. 646 ; 1. 527, 1 b. 
Bi'os, Greek poet, II. 646. 
Bi'oplaam, referred to, Vn. 146, 1 a and 1>. 
BioT, Jean Baptiste [bjo], French savant, IL 

646. 
Biotite, species of mica, XI. 491, I a. 
Bipennu, kind of battle aie, 11. 393, 2 b. 
Biphogphate of liws, X. 479, I b. 
Biposr Editioss (of the classics), II. 647. 
Bipontium: see Zweebr&ckes. 
Bipotame mlpJtaie, XIII. 761, 1 c. 
Biqitadratie equation, first solved, XI. 276, 

Ic. 
Biran, M(dne de: see Maine de Biuas, 
BiKCH [burch], tree, II. 64T. White birch, 1 c 

(ilia.). Weeping birch, 2 b (ill.). Black, 

paper, red, and dwarf birch, 648, 1 a, b. 
BiBCH, Samuel, English Egyptologist, II. 648. 
BiEon, Thomas, D. D., English historian, and 

biographer, IL 648. 
Bireh agarh, used for sharpening instrnmenta, 

1. 173, 1 c 
Birch Uric, uses of, H. 647, 3 a; 648, 1 a. 
Birch-lark tar, X. 277, 1 ah. 
BiROH-PpRiFfEB, Charlotte [beor'h'-pfl-fer], 

German actress and dramatist, 11. 648, 
BiBD, Edward, English painter, II. 648. 
BiKD, Golding, English physician and author, 

II. 648. 
BiHD, Robert Montgomery, American physician 

and author, II. 648. 
BiEDE, William, English eomposor, II. 640. 
Bien Islands, West Indies, II. 649. 
Biro Limb, IL 649. 
Bird miU, VI. 695, 3 ab (ill.). 
Bird of Pabadisb, II. 649, Greater paradise 

bird, 2 (ill.) ; red, 650, 3 c (III.) ; king, 651, 

1 b (ill., 650); snperb, ib. (ill., 650); gold- 



BIRON 



101 



breasted, 1 a (ill.); twelve-wired, 3 c (ill.); 
long- tailed, ii. (ill.). 

Bird of Yd^ V. 86, 2 c. 

Bird pepper, HI. 761, 2 a. 

Birds, II. 652. Tlieir anatomy, 1 h; parts 
(ill.), 3 a; digestive apparatus (ill.), 653, 1 b; 
wing bones (ill.), ib. ; voice, 2 b ; brain, 654, 
1 b ; organs of sense, 1 c ; propagation, 2 b. 
Mining birds, 655, 1 c. Ground builders, 
3 a. Mound builders, 2 b. Masons, 2 c. 
Baker bird, ib. Carpenters, 656, 1 a. Plat- 
form bnUdera, 1 ab. Basket makers, 1 b. 
Weavers, 1 o. Tailors, 3 a, Cementers, 2 b. 
Dome builders, 2 be. Pai'asites, 2 c. Skele- 
ton of birds, V. 174, 2 c; partial anatomy 
of, IL 687, 1 c. 

Birdi, in heraldry, VII. 673, 1 be. See plate 
(after p. 670), on the right. 

Birffi-foot ir^oil, X. 648, 3 be. 

Bir^a head process, organ of polyzoa, XIII. 
691, 1 b. 

BiEB'a Nest, Edible, 11, 657 ; I, 299, 2 c. 

Bird's nest fern, VII. 151, 3 o (ill.). 

Birdl's nest fungus, VII. 583, 2 ab. 

Bi'reme, galley, VII. 575, 2 ab. 

Biren [b6'-ren]: see Biros, Ernest John. 

Birgm, robber crab, V, 451, 1 b. 

BiRKENFKi.n [beer'- ken-felt], German princi- 
pality, ir. 657. 

Birher^feld Urn, of Zweibrucken, SYI. 840, 1 a. 
of England, IL 657. Park 
(rnap). 

BiKKENnEAD, Sir John, English writer, IL 658. 

Bibkkt-el-Keeoon' [beer'-ket], lake, II. 658. 

Birhett's eirevs, New York, alladed to, II. 575, 

1 c. 

BiHMiifGHAM [bur'-ming-um], town of England, 

IL 658; view, 659. 
BiRMiNGnAM, village of Connecticut, II. 660. 
BiEMiNOHAM, borough of Pennsylvania, IL 680. 
BiRh-AM, hill, Scotland, IL 660. Bimam wood, 

2 ab. 

BiKNEB, Old, town of Africa, IL 660. 

BiRNET, Jwnea G. [bur'-ne], American philan- 
thropist and politician, II. 660. Defended by 
S. P. Chase in a prosecution for harboring a 
fugitive slave, IV. 327, 1 ab. David B., gen- 
eral, II. 660, 2 b. William, general, 661, 1 a. 
Fitz Hugh, colonel, ib. 

Birom's anemometer, I. 490, 1 b. 

BiBON, Armand de Gontaut, duke de fbe-ro"], 
French general, II. 661. Charles de Gon- 
taut, duke de, general, 1 b. Armand Louis 
de Gontaut (duke de Lauzan), duke de, 1 c. 



of, XIII. 103, i 



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103 



BIBON 



BiEos, Ernest John, duke of Courland and re- 
geut of Eussia, II. 661. Peter, 662, 1 a, 

BiEE[bur]: see Paesosstows, 

Bibs Nimecd [beerss nim-rood'] : see Babbl, II. 
180, 2 a, b, 181, 1 be ; Babylou, 18T, 3 a (Ul,). 

BiHSTALL [bur'-stul], parish of England, II. 662, 

Bibth: see Obstetrics; also Abohtiom, and 

MbDIOAL jTJEiaPHUDENCE. 

Birthroot, plant, XV. 867, 1 ftb, 

Bwzha [beer'-zha], Eussion excLange, VII. 21, 

1 a. 

BisAcciA [be-zat'-cha], town of Italj, II. 662. 

Bmacquiso [be-zak-kw^'-no], town of Italy, 
II. 662. 

BiaayoM [be-sfi'-yas], Italajo-Polynesian race, 
XI. 36, 1 a; SHI. 418, 1 b (Bisayans). 

Eis'OAT, province of Spain, II. 6G2. 

Biscay, Bay of, II. 662, 

BiaoAT, New ; see Duhan^go. 

BisOEGME [be-sliS'-lya], seaport of Italy, II. 662. 

BisonoF, Karl Guatav [bish'-ofe], German 
chemist and geologist, II. 662, On the 
genesis of minerals, XI. 590, 2 b. 

BiacHOFF, Cliristoph Hoinrich Ernst [bish'-uf], 
German physician, II. 662. Theodor Lnd- 
wig Wilhelm, anatomist and physiologist, 

2 c. On the spontaneous ripening and dis- 
charge of ova, VI. 561, 1 o. 

BiscHOFSwERDA [bish'-ofes-vair-da], cify of 
Saxony, II. 668. 

Bischop, Simon [bifl'-kop]: see Episcopius. 

BiscHWEiLKB [bish'-vl-ler], town of Alaace, II. 
66S. 

BisehieiUer [bish'-vil-ler] : see Bisohweileb, 

Biscuit [bis'-kit], for earthenware, XIII. 790, 
S a; for porcelain, 791, 3 a. 

Bi'set, wild rock pigeon, SIII. 504, 1 c, 

Bkexual animah, I, 583, 2 b; VI. 370, 2 c; 
VIII. 688, 2 o; X. 810, 1 c. 

BUTiroot, I, 68, 1 b (Acostte). 

Bishop, II, 663, In the Roman Catholic 
chnroh, 2 a ; Anglican, 664, 1 b ; Protestant 
Episcopal, 1 ; Lutheran and Evangelical, 
2 a ; Greek, ib. \ Methodist Episcopal, XI. 
456, 2 a. Number of bishops in the world, 
II. 664, 2 a. 

Bishop, Sir Henry Rowley, English composer, 
II. 664, Anna Riviere, vocalist, 665, 1 a. 

Bishopric, II. 664, 2 a. 

Biihops, city of, XII. 748, 1 c. 

Bishop Stokxfokd, town of England, II. 665. 

BIS^fABOK-8oH0NHAI^SEK, Otto Eduard Leo- 
pold, prince [biss'-mark-shOn'-how-zen], Ger- 
man statesman, II, GG5. His entrance into 



BITTERSWEET 

the ministry, VII, 757, 1 b, Ilis willingness 
to cede German territory to Prance asserted 
by Lamarmora, X. 118, 2 c. Attempted as- 
sassination of him, X. 19, 1 c. Interview 
with Favre to agree on conditions of peace 
between Germany and France, VII. 99, 1 ab ; 
treaty signed, 1 c, 

Bum-Illah, or Bism- Allah, Mohammedan grace 
before meat, I, 323, 1 he (Allah), 

Bismuth [biz'-mutb], metal, II 666 Its use in 
thermometry, 2 b, in alloys, GG7, 1 a, in 
thermo-electricity, 1 be Compounds and 
their nses, 1 b ; m mi,dicine, 1 e ^ itrate 
of, XII. 463, 2 bo Mngibtery < t il 

Bwnagur' : seeBuAHABiR 

Bisoif, IL 66T. B. Ameiicanus, 2 b fill) 

BissAGOs [bis-s&'-goos], i-.land3 of Africa, II 
668. 

Bis'sEtL, William H., governor of Illinois, II. 
668. 

Biaaermiajis, Finnish tribe, VII. 206, 2 c. 

BisSET, Robert, English writer, II. 668. 

Bistort, plant, XIIL 689, 1 a; HI., 688. 

BisTBB [bis'-ter], a water color, H. 668. 

Bis'teitz, town of Transylvania, II. 6G8. 

Bimlphide of ealcivm, X. 478, 3 a ; of carbon, 
III. 772, S b, and XV. 454, 2 c. 

Biiutun [bo-soo-toon'] ; see Beiiistch. 

Bit, for boring wood, varieties of. 111. 98, 2 c 
-99, 1 a (ills.) ; 6f a drill, 11. 697, 1 c. 

Bilehe [beech], town : see Bitsch. 

Bithoor', town of liindostan, II. 669. GLants 
on the Ganges, 1 a (ill,). 

Bithyb'ia, ancient country of Asia, II. 609. 

Bitolia, toan: see MoBASTra. 

Bi'ton and Clb'obis, in Greek legend, H. 669. 

Biioh'to, town of Italy, II. 669. 

Bitsch, town of Alsace-Lorraine, 11. 069 ; view, 
670. 

Bittaele: see Bisnaole. 

Bitter ash, tree, XIV. 133, 1 b. 

Bitter eupa, goblets of bitterwood, XIV. 132, 2 a. 

BiTrEBFELD [Mt'-tcr-felt], town of Prussia, II, 
670, 

Eit'teeh, bird, II. -670, English bittern, 1 c 
(ill,); green, 2 a (ill.); least, 2 b (ill,, 671). 

Bittern, exhausted salt brine, bromine from, 
III. SOT, 2 c, 808, ] b; XIIL 693, 1 be. 

BiTTEB Peihciples, II. 671. 

Bitter-root, plant, IX. 244, 1 b. 

Si((eri?oo(rafl(fe,Rockyi)iountatnB,XL771,2c, 

Bitter Eoot river, Montana, XL 772, 1 b, be. 

Bittersweet, plant, VI. 804, 2 b ; XV, 155, 1 b 
(ill,). Climbing or shrubby, SVI. 617, 2 o. 



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BITTER-SWEET 

Bitter-gweet (wild orange), XII. 664, 1 c. 
BUtemood, tree, SIV. 1S2, 1 b (ill). 
SitlU: see Bbtlih. 
Bitiook; Bee Bithooe. 
Mta [be-too'], kind of bamboo, VII. 110, 3 a. 
BiTu'fttEN, II. 671. Varieties, 2 c. Of Hit oa 
the Euphrates, 672, 1 c; of the Dead sea, 

2 a; of Trinidad, &>. Preparation, 2 be. 
AnalyBis, 2 c Uses of the natural bitumens, 
673, 1 ab. Ori^n of, 3 sb. Among the 
Greeks and Eomans, XIII. 366, 3 b. 

Bituminoia Ume»tone, IL 673, 1 be. Bitumi- 
nous mastic, 1 b. 

BiTuiiiHOUB Shale, II. 673. 

Bituriges [be-tn'-re-jeez], ancient people of Cel- 
tic Gaul, II. 681, 1 c ; VII. 648, 2 a. Bitnri- 
ges Cubi, in central Gaul, IIL 157, 3 b; 159, 

3 a. Biturigea Tivisci, of southern Gaul, 
HI. 90, 2 ab. 

BJfMtatu [be-too-ya-too'], kind of bamboo, VII, 
110, 3 a. 

BiTzroa, Albert [bit'-se-oos], Swiaa author, II. 
673. 

Biu-Ufi, river, 11. 646, 2 a (Biobio). 

Bimheihells, V. 198, 2 a.ff.Cills.); 201, 2a (iU.). 

Bitar, EodHgo Biax de [be-var'J, the Cid, I. 
295, 3 0. 

Biiea [be'-wa], Japanese stringed instrument, 
IX. 537, 1 c. 

liisEnTA [be-z6r'-ta], seaport of Tunis, II. 673. 

UjoELiNG, Oarl Olaf [byOr'-ling], Swedish prel- 
ate and author, II. 673. 

BjfiBHBBOBO [by6r'-n6h-borg], seaport of Eiu- 
land, II. 674. 

BjSbhsoh, BjSrnstjerne [by6rn'-son], Norwe- 
gian author, II. 674. 

BjOnNSTjEnsA, Magnus Fredrik Ferdinand 
[bjom-ahair'-na], Swedish statesman and au- 
thor, II. 674. 

Blacas, Pierre Louis Jean Oasimir, duke de 
[blSrka], French statesman, 11. 674. 

Black, Adam, Scottish publisher, II. 674. 

Black, Jeremiah 8., American lawyer, II. 674. 

Black, Joseph, Scottish chemist, II. 674. Dis- 
coverer of carbonic acid gaa. III. 773, 2 ab. 
His investigation of the alkalies, IV. 361, 
1 c. His theory of caloric, VIII. 567, 3 be; 
of latent heat, 576, 2 be; experiments on 
speoiflc heat, 573, 1 c, 2 be. 

Black ald^, shrub, XVI. 673, 3 c. 

Black' ALL, Offspring, English prelate, II. 675. 

BlaelUnd ores (iron), IX. 409, 1 ab, 2 a. 

Blaeh Sarthel [bar'-tel] r see Schwabtz, Ber- 
thold, SIV. 689, 1 c. 



BL.\CK 



103 



Blaci basalt jcutb, referred to, XIII. 783, 1 ab. 

Blackbeemt: see Bkamble. Common black- 
berry, III. 207, 1 c. High blackberry, 2 bo 
(ilL, 208). Low bush blackberry, H, See 
Eabpbbbbt, SIV. 209, 3 a. 

Blackbibd, county, II. 675. 

Blackbibd, European, II. 675 (ill.). Eed- 
winged, of New England, 2 b (ill.). In the 
northwestern states and Canada, 676, 1 b. 

£he& iook of the admiralty, I. 124, 3 c. 

Black hoy, tree of Australia, II. 181, 1 a ; VIII. 
171, 2 ab. 

Black luffaU, fish, XV. 437, 1 a. 

Blaokboen, town of England, II. 676. 

Bla/ik Oalmuch, XI. 747, 1 b. 

Blaok'oap, bird, II. 676. European, 1 c (ill.). 
American, 2 b. 

BUekeap, raspberry, XIV. 310, 1 b. 

Black-capped titmoum, XV. 775, 1 a. 

Black ca/rdinah, 11. 577, 1 c. Banished by 
Napoleon, III. 47, 3 h. 

Black Castle of Opium: see Afium Eaea-His- 

Black eat (fisher), VIL 223, 1 b. 

Blach chalk, IV. 232, 1 c. 

Blackcock, game bird, II. 676; ill., 677. 

Black cohort, in the peasants' war, XIII. 216, 

Black Death: see Plaol'e, XIII. 567, I c. 
In Basel, II. 858, 1 b. In Norway, XII. 611, 

1 a. Horrible perseontion of the Jews oc- 
casioned bj it, VIII. 597, 1 a. 

Black drinh, XVI. 773, 2 a (Yacpon). 

Black drop (vinegar of opium), XII. 848, 2 ab. 

'^ Black drop," in a transit of mercury, SI. 

405, 1 c. 
Black eagle, Prussian order of the, founded, 

VII. 454, 3 a. 
Blaokfeet, Indian tribe, IL 677; XH. 503, 

2 a. Blaekfeet confederacy, allusion to, I. 
633, 1 a. 

Rlackfish (tautog), II. G77 (ill., 678). 

Blackfish (dolphin), VL 103, 1 n. 

Black-Jiah whale (grampus), VIII. 147, 1 b. 

Black FLtrx, n. 678 ; V. 469, 1 c. 

Black Fly, IL 678; VL 139, 1 e. 

Blackford, county, 11. 6T8. 

Black Fokbst, IL 678 ; 309, 2 a, c. 

Black /Har^, IL 113,2 b. 

Blaelfriara hridge, London, X. 592, 1 b. 

Black grass, XIV. 471, 2 a. 

Black grotto, near Adelsberg, I. 114, 1 e. 

Black grouse: see Blackcock. 

Black Gum, tree, IL 679 (ills.). 



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104 



BLACK 



BlacJe Mwi, bird, III. 507, 1 a (ill., 506). 

Black Hawk, Indian chief, II. 679. 

BiJ-CK Hawk, county, II. 680. 

Blach-head, duck, III. 1U, 3 ab ; 734, 1 a. 

Black-lteaded mki, monkey, XI. 751, 3 c. 

Blade helmet, cameo shell, III. 652, 3 a, 

BtAOK Hills, II. 680; XIV. S75, 2 t; 5 VI. 
749, 2 c. 

Black Hole, Calontta, II. 680. Monament 
(ill.), ih. 

Blach h»r*e, fish, SV. 437, 1 a. 

Blaoeib, John Stuart, Scottish author, II. 660. 

Blacking, for leather and iron, II. 681, 

Black Jack, ore : see BLEsnE, II. 708, 3 c. 

Black-jaci, tree, SII. 555, 2 a. 

BiACK Lead : see Gbaphitb. 

Blacklock, Thomas, D. D., blind Scottish cler- 
gyman, n. 681. 

Black magic, Y. 796, 1 c. 

Black Mail, II. 681. 

Black«as, George Curtis, American surgeon, 
II. 681. 

Black martin, bird, XV. 520, 1 a. 

Black medieh, plant, X. 703, 3 a. 

Blaokmore, Sir Bichard, English physician 
and writer, IL 681. 

Black mountain, on the shore of Lake George, 
Vn. 712, 2 0. Engers's leap, ih. 

Black Mountaiss, of the Appalachian system. 

Black mountains, of Africa, II. 798, 1 ab ; of 
Circassia, IV. 60S, 1 c. 

Slack PaiDnem : see Rickaeees. 

Blaoh pilot (radder fisli), XIV. 462, 2 ho. 

Blaeh Prince : see Edwabd, prince of Wales. 

"■^Black obelisk king," II. 34, 1 c. 

Blaeh qvm-ter, murrain, XII. 61, 1 b. 

Black Eivbb, of New York, II. 683. See Bio 
Black Biter. 

Blacks, a Guelphic faction at Florence, VIII. 
297, 1 b. 

Black gaki, monkey, XI. 751, 2 c. 

Black Sea, II. 683. Its opening from the 
Bosporus (ill.), 688. Made free to the com- 
merce of all nations by the treaty of Paris, 
X. 234, 3 a. Deneutralization of it, I. 285, 
la: see XIV. 493, 3 a, and SVI. 63, 1 c. 

BlacVehear, county seat, XIII. 501, 2 ab. 

Black Silvee, II. 683. 

Black Snake, II. 684 (ill.). 

Black tnakeroot, IV. 583, 1 be; V. 22, 2 be. 

BiACKSTONE, town of Massachusetts, II. 684. 

Blaokstosb, William, first white inhabitant of 
Boston, n. 684. 



Sir William, English lawyer, II. 
684. 

''Blmk stone," the, in the Caaba, XI. 314, 2 c. 

Blackstose RiTEB, II. 685. Blackstone eanal, 
lb. 

Black stream (Japan current), SII. 781, 3 ab. 

Black and tan (terrier), XV. 662, 2 c. 

Blackthorn, tree, XIII. 620, 2 ab ; XV. 106, 
3 c (ill., 107). 

Black tongue, fever, VII. 169, 3 be; murrain, 
SII. 61, 1 b. 

Black Vomit, II. 685; VIL 166, 2 a. 

Blackwall, suburb of London, II. 885. 

Black Walnut : see WALNn. 

Black Wahkiob, river of Alabama, II. 685. 

Black wart, disease in the plum tree, SIII. 
621, 1 a. 

Blaok'wateb, river of Ireland, IL 685. 

Black-Kater st/reams, of Brazil, III. 230, 1 c. 

Blackwell, Alexander, Scottish physician, IL 
C85. 

Blackwell, Eiizabeth, American physician, II. 
685. Emily, 2 e. See XVL 701, 2 ab. 

Blackwell'9 Island, New York, II. 686. 

Blackwood, William, Scottish publisher, n. 
686. 

Blackwood's EdiriburgTi Magazine, IL 686, 1 a; 
S. 568, 3 b; XIIL 296, 1 b; XVL 652, 3 c. 

Bladder, II. 686. 

Bladder-ketmia, plant, VIII, 713, 2 c. 

Bladder-meed, species of algie, 1. 299, 2 a; VII. 
515, 1 a. Charcoal of, as a medicine, 2 b. 

Bladdeneort, marsh plant, XVI. 237, 2 c (ill., 
338). 

Blade of an anchor, I. 465, 1 a. 

Blade of a leaf, X. 264, 1 c ; 266, 1 a, be. 

Bla'den, county, II. 687. 

Bladensbdeo, town of Maryland, II. 667. 

BLAOOViESHTcnESBK [bla-go-vycsh-chensk'], a 
town of Asiatic Russia, II. 687. 

Blaine, Ephraim, American soldier, II. 687. 
James Gillespie, statesman, 2 be. 

Blainvillb, Henri Marie Ducrotay de [diib 
bla"-veel], French naturalist, II. 687. His 
classifleation of birds, XIL 706, 1 a; of fish- 
es, IX. 160, 1 be ; of mammals, XI. 80, 1 e, 
81, 2 b; of reptiles, VIIL 693, 1 be. His 
theory of the anatomy of the head, XHI. 
423, 1 c. 

Blaib, county, II. 688. 

Blaib, Francis Preston, American journalist, 
II. 688 (died 1876). Mon^mcry, lawyer 
and politician, 2 b. Francis Preston, jr., 
lawyer and soldier, 2 o (died 1875). 



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BLEACHING 



105 



BL4IR, HiTgli, Scottish divine and author, II. 
689. 

BuiE, James, American clergyman and teach- 
er, II. 689. 

BuiE, John, Scottish chronologist and geog- 
rapher, II. 089. 

Btiiit, Robert, Scottish poet, II. 689. 

Blair's procees of making steel, IX. 403, 3 a. 

Blaiesville, borough of Penusjlvaniu, II. 689. 

£lairtnille, county seat, XVI. Ill, 2 c. 

Blakot [Hfir-zoJ, librarian to Louis XVI., im- 
prisonment in tlie Bastile, II. 376, 1 c. 

Blake, George Smith, American naval officer, 
II. 689. 

BLiKE, John Lauris, American author and cler- 
gy man, II. 689. 

Jii-AKB, Robert, English admiral, II. 690. 

Blaeb, William, English artist and poet, II. 

690. nis process of etching upon copper, 

691, la; X. 526, 1 b. 

Blakely, county seats, II. 238, 1 a ; YI. 354, 1 c. 

BuKELT, Johnston, American naval officer, 
IL 691. 

BUhely gun, I. 793, 2 c ; III. 712, 2 a (ill.). 

Blake'i t^ety explosiw, VII. 30, 1 o. 

BtiKKr, Robert, English metaphysician and 
author, IL 693. 

Blano, Jean Joseph Louis [bla°'], French po- 
litical and historical writer, II. 692. Auguste 
Alexandre Charles, engineer and art critic, 
3 o; duel with Lacombe, X. 83, 1 c. 

Bland, Le [Jiih blS"], town of France, II. 693. 

Blano, Mont : see Mont Blano. 

Blane Jixe [bla"" fees], white pigment, II. 813, 
Ic. 

Blahchard, Emile [bia''-shar], French natural- 
ist, IL 693. 

Blaschakb, Francois, French aSronaut, II. 
693 ; I. 146, 1 c. Marie Madeleine Armant, 
aeronaut, I!. 693, 1 c; I. 146, 2 h. Her tra- 
gic fate, ib. 

Blanohard, Henri Pierre Uoa Pharamond, 
French painter, 11. 693. 

Blan'chard, Laman, English writer, II. 633. 

BuiNCHARD, Thomas, American mechanic and 
inventor, IL 693. Uia turning ma<;hine, 
XVL 74, 2 b. 

BLANOnE, August [b!4°'sh], Swedish poet, II. 
693. 

Blanohb or BooBBON, qaeen of Castile, 11. 693. 

Blanche op Castile, queen of France, II. 694; 
X. 653, 1 ab. 

Blaru^e of FrariM, daughter of St. Lonia, X. 
81, 1 ab and b. 



Blanco, county, II. 694. 

Bland, county, II. 694. 

Bland, Theodoric, American patriot and sol- 
dier, II. 694. 

Blandrata, Giorgio [bl^n-dr&'-ta], Italian Uni- 
tarian, IL 695; L 263, I a. 

Blanoini, Giuseppe Marco Maria Felice [blan- 
je'-ne], Italian composer, IL 695, 

Blank (card), in faro, VII. 89, 1 b. 

BLABKENBtrBQ [bWn'-ken-boorg], circle in the 
duchy of Brunswick, II. 695. Town, 2 oh. 

Blanket of the whale, XVI. 581, 3 b. 

Blank'hof, Jan Teuuisz, Dutch painter, IL 695. 

Blanks, in pen making, XIII. 343, 3 b. 

Blanqui, Jerome Adolphe [bld"-ke], French po- 
litical economist, IL 695. Jean Dominique, 
2 c. Louis Augnste, revolutionist, 696, 1 a. 

Blari'na (zoology), XV. 8, 1 a. B. talpoides, 
ib. (ill., 7). 

Blaenby, village of Ireland, II. 696. Blarney 
castle, iS. (ill.). Blarney stone, 1 c, 

BLAa'pHEMT, in law, II. 696. 

Blast, hot, in smelting furnaces, IL 743, 1 c. 
See IX. 394, 1 a, ff. 

Blastfurnace, IL 741, 2 bo ,■ VIL 542, 1 c ; IX. 
392, 1 b, ff.(ills., 393, 394). 

Blastino, II. 697. Implements, 1 b ; 690, 1 b. 
Sand blast, 697, 2 b. Excavation by fire, 2 c. 
Blasting with the galvanic battery, 698, 1 h ; 
at the Kolyhead quarries, 3 a (ill.). Choice 
of explosive compound, 2 c. Surface blast- 
ing, 699, 2 c. Mountain tunnelling, 700, 1 c. 
Drill at work (ill.), ib. Stoping (ill.), 2 a. 
Hoosac tunnel, 701, 1 a. Submarine blast- 
ing, 1 ab; coffer dam, ib. (ill.). Removal of 
Blossom rock, 3 a (ills., 702) ; of obstructiona 
at Hollgate, 702, 2 a (ill). 

Blasting powder, composition of, VIII. 331, 
2a^. 

Blmfocerus (zoOlogy), V. 758, 2 a. B. palndo- 
sus, tb. (ill). B. campestris, ih. 

Blastodermic membrane, VI. 561, 2 be. 

Blatta (entomology), IV. 788, 2 b. B. orien- 
talis, 2 c. B. Americana ferrnginea, XI. 292, 
I be. 

Blavia: see Blaye. 

Blaye [bia], town of France, II. 703. Citadel, 
prison of the duchess of Berry, tb. " Ex- 
jailer of Blaye," m. 417, 3 be. 

Blaze de Bury : sec Buby, Ange Henri Blaze de. 

Blazing off, in saw making, XIV. 651, 2 a. 

EUtonnj : see Heraldby, and Touksament, 
XV. 824, 3 a. 

Bleaching-, II. 70S. Dutch process, 1 c. 



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106 



BLEACHING 



Chemioal action, 2 b. Use of chlorine, Y04, 
1 a; of sulphurous acid, 3 c. Bleaeliing of 
wool, 2 b ; of silk, 705, 1 ab ; of straw, 1 c ; 
of wax, 2 b; of liquids, 2 be; of cotton 
("American bleaching"), 2 c. Agency of 
ozone m bleaching, XII. TTT, 2 a. 

Bleacuisq Powbbe, II. 706. 

Bledow, Ludwig [Wa'-do], German chess play- 
er, 11. roT. 

Bledsoe, county, II. 708. 

Bledboe, Albert Taylor, American author and 
instructor, II. 708. (Died 1877.) 

"Bleedert:" see H^moerhage, YIII. 374, 1 ab. 

Bleeding heart, plant, VI. 87, 1 c. 

Bleek, Friedrich [blaili], German theologian, 
II. 708, Willielm Heinrieh Immanuel, phi- 
lologist, 1 c. 

Blbjbteeu, Georg [bllpo'-troi], German paint- 
er, II. 708. 

Blemmye* : see Blemyes. 

Blbmtes, or Blemmjea [blem'-rae-oez], ancient 
African race, II. 708. 

Blebde, ore of zinc, II. 708. 

Bij:nheim £Eng. hlen'-im ; Ger. hlen'-hime], 
village of Bavaria, II. 709. Battle of, #., 
and X. 367, 1 b. Blenheim park and house, 
II. 709, 1 e (ill.). 

Blesbkbhas'sbit, Harman, victim of Aaron 
Burr's conspiracy, II. 709. His wife, author 
of poems, 710, 1 b. Joseph Lewis, lawyer, 
Ihe. 

Slen'niia (Ichthyology), II. 710. B. ocellaris, 
1 o (ill.). B. serpentinus, 2 a. 

Blennt, fish, II. 710. Eyed hlenny, 1 c (ill.). 
Eel-ahaped hlenny, X. 606, 2 b. 

Slepharoplmty, surgical operation, IT, 156, 9 b. 

BilEi [bla-ra], town of France, II. 710. 

Bleachamp, Marie Alexandrine Charlotte Lou- 
ise Laurence de [bla-shA''], (Mme. Jouber- 
thon), second wife of Lucien Bonaparte, UI. 
84, a c. 

EI.KSSINGTOS, Margaret, countess of, II. 711. 

Blefting, in decay of fruit, XI. 356, 1 a. 

Blmifflelde : see Bldefiklds. 

Blicheb, Steen Steensen [bl6'-"her], Danish 
author, IL 711. 

BUci sih-er, X. 260, 2 ab. 

Slida : see Blidah. 

Bltoah [ble'-da], town of Algeria, H. 711. 

Buen, Wiiliarn [bli], English navigator, II. 
711. Mutiny of his crew, 712, 1 a. Gives 
a to the Feejee islands, VII. 113, 



2 a. 
Bliffht (mildew), XI. £ 



; Xin.212,2a 



BLors 

Blind, the, II. 712. Causes of blindness, 1 c. 
Proportion of blind as to age and sex, 713, 

1 a. Number, and proportion to population, 

2 b. Classified table of blind in the United 
States, 714. Care and education of the 
blind, 715, 1 a. Institutions in Great Brit- 
ain and Ireland, 2 c ; on the continent, 716, 
3ab; in Brazil and Turkey, 717, 2 o ; inthe 
United States, 718, 1 a. Printing for the 
blind, 719, 1 b. Alphabets, 2 a, ff.(ilis,). 
Comparative value of sight and hearing, 
721, 2 b. Eminent blind persons, 721 
(table), 722, 1 ab. 

BuNO, Karl [blint], German political agitator, 

II. 722. 
" Blind OS a hat," gronnd for this saying, II. 

377, 1 b. 
Bush Fish, II. 723 (ill.). Cuban blind fishes, 

723, 1 b. Eye of, iS., and VII. 48, 2 ab. 

See Antblyopgit (Index). 
Blind gut (anatomy). III. 539, 1 o. 
BtindAeim [blint'-hiine] ; see BtEiniEiM. 
Blind traveller, the; see Holmak, James. 
Blikdwobm, reptile, II. 723 (ill.). 
Buster, II. 724. 

Bli^sard; see Winn, XVI. 669, 2 ah. 
Bloaters: see Heeeibo, VIII. 698, 1 c. 
Blooh, Mai'kus Elieser [blo'h], German natu- 

rahst, II. 724. His "Natural History of 

Fishes," IX. 159, 2 c. 
Bloce, Maurice, French political economist, 

II. 724. 
Biookadb', n. 724; X. 228, 2 be; XII. 261, 

3 a ; XV. 26, 2 b. Napoleon's paper block- 
ade of the British ports, and England's re- 
taliation in kind, II. 735, 1 h. Blockade of 
the southern ports by the United States, 
1 c. 

Block leoJe: see Psistojo, XIII. 846, 1 h. 

Blochingi see Piakofoete, XIII. 491, 1 a. 

BiooK Island, H. 735; XIV. 291, 3 b. 

BkclMberg (Brocken), VIH. 498, 3 c. 

Blocs erratiquet (bowlders). III. 167, I a. 

Blodoet, Lorin, American physicist, II. 725. 

BLODQEr, Samuel, American inventor, II. 726. 

Blobmaebt, Abraham [bloo'-mart], Dutch 
painter, II. 720. Comelis and Adrian, en- 
gravers, 1 a. 

Blobmes, Jan Frans van [bloo'-men], Flemish 
painter, II. 726. Peter van, painter, 2 b. 

Bloemfontbin [bloom'-fon-tine], town of S. 
Africa, II. 736. 

Blois [bl'wa], city of France, II. 726. Castle 
of, 727, I a (ill., 726). 



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BL0I8 

£lois, Mile, de, daughter of Louis XIV., Y. 
287, 3 c ; X 213, 3 be. 

Blomeield, Charles James [blum'-feeld], Eng- 
lish clergyman and scholar, II. 727. 

Blommaekt, Philip [blom'-mart], Flemish wri- 
ter, II. 727. 

Blond, Jacques Ohristophe le [lilh blS"*], re- 
pnted inventor of printing in colors, II. 727. 

Blosdel [blo''-del], Trench trouvere, II. 727. 

Blondel, David, on Pope Joan, IX. G41, 2 a. 

Bloob, U. 738. Physical qnnlities, I a. Quan- 
tity in the human, body, 1 b. Composition, 
729, 1 a; changes in, 730, I o. Microscopi- 
cal study ot the blood, 2 a ; red corpuscles, 
white corpnseleB, 731, 1 b ; molecular 
its, 2 ab ; pigment, 3bj crjstals,2o; 
ooagnlated fibriae, *6. Coagulation of the 
blood, 732, 1 b, ff. Formation, 735, 1 bo. 
Uses, 736, 1 ab.— The red globules dis- 
covered by Leeuwenhoek, X. 814, 1 a ; ca- 
pillary circulation by Malpighi, XI. 68, I c ; 
method of circulation divined by Servetus, 
XIV. 780, 1 ab. See Cirduxj-tios, Hahvky, 
Abtbbt, Heabt, and Vsras. — The blood in 
hibernation, VIII. 713, 2 b ; in inflamma- 
tion, IX. 377, 1 a ; how affected by respira- 
tion, XIV. 378, 1 c. See Teabsfusios of 

Blood, corruption of (legal), 11. 91, 1 c, 3 a 

Blooh, Col. Thomas, Irish adventurer, II. 736. 

Bi-OonnouND, II. 738 (iU.); IX. 11, 3 ab. 

Bloodlettiso, II, 737. Instances of, 735, 3 a. 

Blood Mosby, II. 7S8. 

Blood Rain, II. 738 (ill.). 

Bloodboot, plant, II. 738; ill., 739. 

Blood jnoM, II. 738, 3 b. 

Blood Staihs, in medical jurisprudence, II. 
739. 

Bloodstoite, variety of quartz, II. 741; IX. 
670, 3 h. 

Blood-ttriking : see Murbaik, XII. 60, 2 c. 

Bloody artielm: see Eefoeuation, SIV. 349, 
2 a. 

Bloom, crude malleable iron, 11, 741, 2 a. 

Bloom'abt (furnace), II. 741. East Indian, 
2 ab. Corsican, 2 c. Catalan, ih. German, 
742, 1 c. In t!ie United States, 3 b. Bloom- 
ary fire, ib. Bloomary hearths, 743, 1 b. 
Blast, 1 o; hot blast, ib. Reduction of ores 
hy carbonic oxide, 3 b. Sinking fire, 3 o. 
Lancashire hearth, ih. 

Bloomjkld, county seats, V. 710, 1 be; VIII. 



BLUCUER 



107 



Bloomfield, Robert, English poet, II, 744. 
Bloomeield, Samuel Thomas, D. D., English 

scholar and critic, IL 744. 
Bloomingdale asylum for the inaane, XII, 398, 

1 ab. 
BLOomSGrorr, village of Indiana, II. 744. 
Bloomikoton, city of Illinois, II. 744. 
Bloomington, county seat (now Macon City), 

Blooming train, Ameriean : see Steel, XV. 

Bloomaburff, county seat, 116, 3 b. 

Blosiom Toek, harbor of San Francisco, r&- 
moval of, II, 701, 3 a; iOs., 702. 

Blodbt [blunt], two counties, II. 744. 

Blotjbt, Charles, English deistical writer, II. 
744. Sir Henry, traveller, 746, 1 b. Sir 
Thomas Pope, author, ib. 

Blount, Teresa and Martha, friends of Alexan- 
der Pope, XIII. 708, 2 ab. 

Bloitnt, Thomas, English writer, II. 743. 

Blouht, William, American politician, II. 745, 

Blountmille, county seat, II. 744, 2 b. 

Blow, in pugilism, varieties of, XIV. 76, 1 a,ff. 

Blow, John, English composer, II. 745, 

Blowers, in coal mines, X. 130, 3 c. 

Blow-hole, in the whale, XVI. 579, 2 b. 

Blowing cave, Virginia, XVI. 375, 1 e. 

Blowing engines, in ablast furnace, IS. 394, 1 a. 

Blowiso Machihes, II. 745, Blowing cylin- 
ders, 1 b and c. Water blowing maohine, 

1 b, and 746, 3 b {see 1. 116, 3 c ; XIII. 829, 

2 be). Fan blower, 746, 1 bo. 
Blowpipe, II. 747. Oupellation by, 3 a; anal- 
ysis, 3 b. Form of, 748, 1 o. Quick's gas 
blowpipe, 2 ft. Automatic blowpipes, iJ. 
Treatises on, 3 ab. Compound or osyhy- 
drogen blowpipe, 749, 1 & (see Hare, Rob- 
ert, VIII. 458, 2 a). Apparatus of the Drs, 
Roberts, 3 a. 

Blow-up pang, in sugar refining, XV. 447, 1 b. 

BluUer of the whale, XVL 670, 2 c, 581, 2 b ; 
of the narwhal, XII. 148, 3 b. 

Blttchek, Gebhard Leberecht von [blil'-'her], 
Prussian field marshal, II. 750. Campaigns 
of 179S-'4 as a cavalry ofBcer, 2 a; of 1805 
-'6, 2 b ; discbarge from service, 3 c. Cam- 
paign of 1813 as commander of the Silesian 
army, 751, 1 a, ff. Campaign of 1814 in 
France, 753, 1 b ; division of the allied army, 
754, 1 a; French victories, 1 c, ff.; retreat 
of Sehwarzenberg, 765, 1 ab ; Blilcher's 
march on Paris, ib.; battle of Laon, 2 be; 
retreat of NapoJeon, 756, 1 ab; battle be- 



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108 



BLtJDOrF 



fore Paris, 1 b. Ilonors to Blucber, 1 be. 

Campaign of 1815, 1 c. Personal and mili- 
tary cbaracter, S ab, 
BiCDOFF, Dmitri Mkolayevitcb, count [bloo'- 

dof], Russian statesman, II. 756. 
Blue, primary color, II. 757. 
Blue, Prussian: aeePoTA8snrM,XIII.762, 3c,ff. 
Bliie'lack, fijb, Vin. 696, 2 c. 
Blue ieeek (hornbeam), VIII. 819, 1 c. 
Mue'bell, plant, IS. 100, 2 ab (ill.). 
Blueberry: see Bii.bekkt, and WnoRTLEBEnnr, 

SVr. 613, 2 b. 
Blubbisd, II. 757 (ill.). 
Blue honnet, bird, XV: 775, 1 c. 
Blue-Utaefly, VII. 294, 2 b (ill.) ; VI. 697, 3 a. 
Blue cap, bird, XV. 775, 1 c. 
Blue coat school : see CnniaT's Hospital. 
Blub Eaeth, county, II. 757. 
Bhie Earth City, county seat, VII. 86, 2 be. 
Bluefields, rivor and town of Nicaragua, II. 

757. 
Blukpish, II. 757; ill., 758. 
Blue-flag, plant, IX. 364, 1 a. 
Blue gla»», use of in optics, IV. 767, 1 b. 
£i«airra«s (Kentucky), VHI. 168, 1 ab ; ill., 167. 
Blue gi-ois region,of Kentucky, IX, 798, 1 ab; 

pastm-es, VIII. 168, 1 b. 
Blue grotU), in Capri, III. 760, 2 a. 
Blchimg op Metals, II. 758. 
Blue John, mineral, VII. 292, 1 ab. 
Blub Laws, U. 758. The existence of the 

"bine laws" of Connecticut disproved, 2 cr 

see V. 261, 2 b (Coskecticitt). 
Blue Lick Spkisos, village of Eentncky, II. 

759. 
Blve lights, in pyrotechny, SJV. 117, 3 c. 
Blub Mohday, II. 759. 
Blub Mountains, of Jamdea, II. 759, 1 c; of 

NewSouth"Wales,2a; of the United States: 

see KllTATlNNT. 

Blue pill, composition of, XI. 402, 2 c; effects 

of, 403, 1 a. 
Blue-pots (crucibles), V. 525, 2 a. 
Blue Eidoe, mountain range, II. 759; XVI. 

373, 2 a. 
Blue Eiybk, Indiana, II. 759. 
Blue spar : see Lapis Lazuli. 
Blue-ttoeJcing, bird, IL 163, 3 c. 
Bute Stockings, a designation of learned 

women and clubs, II. 759. 
Blue-tangle, kind of whortleberry, XVI. 613, 1 o. 
Bluet »'Aeb6kbs, Bernard [blu-a dar-bair], 

French professional fool, II. 759. 
Blue mU, in dyeing, VI, S41, 1 c. 



BOCA 

Blue Vftkiol: see Copper, V. 319, 1 a. 

Bluffton, county seat, XVI. 550, 3 c. 

Blum, Robert [bloom], German revolutionist, 
II. 760. 

Blumenrach, Johann Friedrich [bloo'-men- 
b&'h], German naturalist, II. 760. His eth- 
nological division of mankind, VI. 753, 3 be ; 
V. 193, 3 a. 

Blnnderiuss, musket, XH. 100, 2 c. 

Blcst, Edmund March, American hydrogra- 
pher, II. 761. Edmund, coast surveyor, 1 c. 

Bi.UNT, John James, English divine, II. 761. 

Blustbchli, Johann Kaspar [bloontsb'-le], Ger- 
man jurist and statesman, II. 761. 

Blyden, E. W., negro scholar, his essay on 
Liberia, 5. 399, S c. 

Blyth, Lieut., of the British brig Boser, III. 
477, 3 e. 

Bo'a, genus of serpents, II. 762. B. constric- 
tor, 3 o (ill., 768) ; HI. 325, 2 b. See Boid<e 
(Index), and Akaconda, I. 451, 3 b. 

Bo ADEN, James [bo'- den], English dramatist 
and biographer, IL 768. 

BoADioBA [bo-a-di-s6'-a], British queen, II. 763. 

Boah, II. 763. Wild boar, 764, 1 o (iU.). Boar 
hunting, ib. ; in India, 3 b. 

Boaedman, George Dana, American mission- 
ary, II. 764. George Dana, D. D., his son, 
765, 3 b. 

Boar hound, II. 764, 3 b. 

Boar's Pilla/r, victories of Aristomenes at, I. 
704, 2 c. 

Boatbill, bird, IL 765; 01., 766. 

Boat fly, 5VI. 499, 2 o (Watee Bug). 

Boating: see EowiNO. 

Boat shell Oimpst), X. 486, 3 be. 

Boatswain hird (tropic bird), XVL 7, 1 a. 

Boat-taiU, birds, VIII. 14S, 1 h. 

Boat tofen, near Canton, China, III. 728, I c, 

Boavis'ta, island of Africa, IL 766. 

Bobadil'la, Eranoisco de [Sp. bo-ba-(Ae'-]ya], 
governor of Hispaniola, II. 766. 

Boh'hinet, a kind of lace, X. 79, 3 b. 

Bo'hoU gardens, in Florence, VII. 276, 2 a. 

Bob'olink, bu-d, IL 766 (ill.). 

Bobruisk [bo-broo-isk'J, town of Eussia, IL 
767. 

Sohstay, rope in a ship, XIV. 865, 9 a. 

Bob White (quail), XIV. 135, 2 c; ill., 126. 

Boeage: see Boccage, M. M. B. du. 

Bo'ea 6rande[^Tka'-&a\: seeCeAKLOTTB Har- 

BooA Tioms [te'-gris]. entrance to Canton riv- 
er, II, 767 (ill.) ; III. 731, 1 c. 



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BOCCACCIO 

BocoAooio, Giovanni [bok-kSt'-eho], Italian 
novelist, II. 767 ; IX. 459, 1 c, 2 a. 

Boeeadi Bonifacio: see Bosifacio. 

BocoAOK, Manoel Maria Barbosa du [bok-kA'- 
zha], Portnguese poet, II, 760. 

BoooAQB, Marie Anne Le Page [buk-k^zh], 
French poetess, II. 769. 

BooOANKBA, Simone [bok-ka-nS'-ra], first doge 
of Genoa, 11. 769. Gille, admiral, 1 c, 

Boccasini, Nieold [bok-ka^ze'-ne], (Pope Bene- 
dict XI.), II. 518, 1 0. 

BocosERiNi, Lui^ [bok-ka-re'-ne], Italian com- 
poser, II. 769. 

Boechetta [bok-ket'-ta], pass of the, 1. 582, 1 ab. 

Boc'ehva, king of Mauritania, IX. 709, 1 a, 

Boacold, John: see Jons or Letden. 

BoccosE, Paolo [bok-ko'-na], Sicilian natural- 
ist, n. 769. 

BooHAKT, Samuel [bQii-shar], French oriental 
scholar, II. 769. 

Bo'cher, Joan (Joan of Kent), bnmed for an 
nninteliigible heresy, VI. 438, 3 a. 

BooHHiA [bo'h'-aya], town of Austria, II. 769. 

BooHOLT [bo'-'holt], town of Prussia, II. 769. 

Boohs A, Robert Nicolas Charles [bok'-sa], 
harpist and composer, II. 770. 

BoOHiTM [bo'-'hoom], town of Prussia, 11. 770, 

Bock, Comeiins Peter [biik], German erchco- 
oiogiat, II. 770. 

Book, Franz, German theologian and archteol- 
ogist, II. 770. 

Bock, Karl August, German anatomist, II. 770. 
Karl Ernst, anatomist and author, 2 b. 

BocKKLBOs, Johann: see Jons of Leydks. 

BooKESHEiM [buk'-en-hime], town of Prussia, 
II. 770. 

BocKH, August, German philologist and anti- 
quary, II. 770, 

BSoKiNo, Eduard, German jurist, II. 771. 

B60KUS, AmoM, Swiss painter, II, 771. 

BocKHBBEQEB [buks'-pair-gher], Ilans or Hie- 
ronymus, German pwnter, II. 771. 

Boek»beuUl [huks'-boi-tel], bottles for Stein 
wine, Til. 775, 1 b. 

Boe/Up^ger: see BooKSBEttoEH. 

Bode, valley of, in the Hartz, referred to, VIII. 
498, 2 o. 

BoDB, Johann Elert [bo'-dfih], German astrono- 
mer, II. 771. Bode's law, 2 b ; Xltl. 669, 1 c. 

Bo'desstbdt, Friedrich Martin, German au- 
thor, 11. 771. 

BodM, in Buddhism, III. 393, 2 b. 

BoMCHON, Engine [biih-d6-sli5°'], French phy- 
sician, II. 772. Barbara Leigh, 1 b. 



Boms, Jean [bilh-da"'], French publicist, II. 

772. 
Bodina, town, VI. 403, 1 c. 
Bodlei'as Libhasy, II. 772 (ill.). 
Bod'ley, Sir Thomas, founder of the Bodleian 

library, II. 773. 
Bod'mbb, Georg, Swiss mechanic, 11, 773. 
BoDMEH, Johann Jakob, German scholar and 

literary reformer, II, 773. 
BoDMis, town of England, II. 773. 
Bodminian, a mediaaval name of Bodmin, II, 

773, 3 h. 
Bodock', tree, VIII. 604, 1 c; XII, 714, 2 a. 
Bono'si, Giambattista, Italian printer, II, 773, 
Body-color painting, XVI, 501, 1 ab. 
Boeee [boise] : see BoEthicb, Hector, 
BoEHM, Jatoh [b6ui], German mystic, II. 774. 
Boehme, Jaioh [bo'-mSh] ; see Bobhm. 
Bcskme'ria nwe'a (botany), XIV. 194, 3 c; ill., 

195. 
Boeijeiti [bo-i'-jence], family name of Pope 

Adrian VI,, I. 181, 2 c. 
Ba'otarch, chief magistrate of Bceotia, II. 774, 

3 0. 
BffiOTiA [be-o'-sba], division of ancient Greece, 

II. 774. B(Eotian confederacy, 2 c. Modern 
Bceotia, 775, 1 b. 

Bmotiam, ancient race, 11. 774, 2 o. Their pro- 
verbial dulness, 775, 1 h. 

BcEotians of France, II. 157, 1 c (Auveecke). 

BoEiiuiAVK, Hei-manu [bore'-h4v; Dutch, 
boor'-hft-vfeh], Dutch physician, 11. 775, His 
chemical experiments, IV. 860, 2 c. Check 
given by him to tlie study of comparative 
anatomy, V, 185, 3 ab. His theory of in- 
flammation, IX. 275, 1 a, 

Bom'oe [Dutch, boo-roo'] : see Boobo, 

BoEES [boors], Dutch colonists of 8. Africa, II. 
775. Their migrations, 776, 1 a. Orange 
River Kepuhlic, 2 b. Transvaal Republic, 
777, 1 a, 

BoEnnus, Anioius Manlius Torquatus Severi- 
nua [bo-6'-t!je-us], Roman philosopher, II. 
777. His supposed indebtedness to CapeHa, 

III. 749, 1 c, 

BoETHius, Hector, Scottish historian, H. 778. 
BofeTiE, fitienno do la pa bo-a-se], French au- 
thor, II. 778. 
Bwif gras [bilf gra], procession of, in Paris, 

IV. 9, 3 c. 

Bob, II. 778. Timber raised from hogs, 2 a. 
Peat marsh of Montoire, France, 2 c. Bogs 
of Ireland, ib. Ohatmoas, England, 779, 1 b, 
American bogs, 1 Iw. 



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110 



BOG 



Boo, river : see Bru. 

Bogae'dus, Everardus, Dutch-American cler- 
gyman, II. 780. 

BoGABDns, James, American inventor, II. 780, 
His dry meter, VII. 639, 1 a. (Died ISM.) 

Bogardua Corners, a former name of Syracuse, 
N. Y., XV. 544, 2 a. 

Bog-bumper, bird, II. 070, 2 a. 

Boouaso'TiTcn, Ippolit FodorovitcTi, Eusaian 
poet, II. 781. 

Bogdo lama, X. 116, 1 a (Lamaism). 

BoGGS, Charles Stuart, American naral officer, 
II. 781. 

Boghead caimel, IX. 812, 2 ab. 

Bogie [bo'*ghe], in railroad carriages, XIV. 173, 
Ic; 178,10; 181. 3 a; XV. 338, 2 a. 

Bogies, in coal mining, V. 66, 1 ah. 

Boglipooh', district of Bengal, II. 781. Capi- 
tal, 2 a. 

BoeoDTJKnov', town of Russia, IT. 781. 

Bogomiles, religions sect: see Basil, a Bulga- 
rian physician, II. 361 ; VIII. 55, 1 a; XUI. 
178, 1 a. 

Bog Ore, iron, II. 779 ; I. 339, 2 c ; IX. 408, 1 a. 

Boaoii, Santa F6 de [sin-ta fa da bo-go-tA'], 
capital of Colombia, II. 781; view, 782. 
Plain of Bogota, 2 c. History, 783, 1 b. 

BoGUE, David [hoag], Scottish preacher and au- 
thor, II. 783. 

Bogue, the: see Boca Tigris. 

BoGnsLAWSKi, Adalbert [bo-goo-slav'-sko], Po- 
lish actor and dramatist, II. 783. 

Bohaddin: see BonA-Enms. 

Boha-Eddis', Abul-Mohassen Tnsnf ibn She- 
dad [bo'-ha-ed-deen'], Arabian historian, II. 
783. 

Bokea: see Tea, XV. 600, 2 a. 

Bdheim, Slant [bo'-hime] : see Pbasabts' "Wae, 
Xin. 215, 1 b. 

Bohb'mia, division of the Auatro-Hnngarian 
monarchy, II. 783, Mountains, 2 c. Elvers, 
784, 1 c. Geology, 2 a. Climate and soil, 
2 h. Industry, 3 c Inhabitants, 785, 1 c. 
Government, 3 b. History, 2 c. 

BonEsnAs Beethees, II. 786. Bee AirausTA, 
John, n. 110, 2 c; LissA, X. 532, 3 b. 

BonKjRAH Lahguaoe and Litebatcbe, II. 787. 

Bohemian peasants (ill.), II- 784, 1 a. 

Bo'hemond, Marc, Norman crusader, II. 790; 
I. 393, 3 a and b. 

BoHLBN, Peter von [bo'-len], Gorman oriental- 
ist, n. 790. 

B5nt Fabee, Oecilid [b6l ft'-ber], Spanish au- 
thoress, II. 790. (Died 1877.) 



BOISE 

BBAZ BOft Faier, Nikolas, Spanish author, II. 
790, I b. 

BOhm, Jakoi : soe Boehm. 

Boma, Theobald, German flutist, II. 790. 

BoHif, Henry George [bone], English publisher, 
II. 790. 

BonoL [bo-ole"], island, Philippines, II. 790. 

BoHTLiNGc, Otto [bot'-link], Russian oriental- 
ist, II. 791. 

Bo'nns, Edmund, English writer, II. 791. 

Boiar: see Boyab. 

BoiAEBO, Matteo Maria [bo-yar'-do], Italian 
poet, II. 791 ; IX. 460, 3 o. 

Bo'idm, family of serpents, II. 762, 1 a. Gene- 
ra: python, 1 (ill.); hortulia, 3 b (ill.); 
boa, 2 c (HI., 763) ; eunectes, ib. Character 
and habits, ib., S. 

BoiELDiEtr, Francois Adriea [bo-yel-djiih], 
French composer, II. 791. 

Bon [bo'-yi], Celtic people, II. 791. In Bava- 
ria, 401, 2 c; in Bohemia, 785, 2 c. 

Boil, inflamed tumor, II. 793. 

BoiLEAO-DESPnfeAtix, Kicolas [bwi-Io-da-pra-o], 
French poet and critic, II. 792. 

Boiled oil, X. 513, 1 c. 

Boiler: see Steam Boileb. 

Boiling, in iron manufacture, IX. 400, 1 b. 

Boiling lake, II. 280, 3 a. 

Boiling Point, II. 793. Method for ascertain- 
ing the boiling points of liquids, 2 c (ill., 
794). Experiments on the boiling point of 
water, 794, 1 a (ills.). Probable cause of 
steam-boiler explosions, 795, 2 c. Tables 
of boiling points, 793, 2 b, 796. Variation 
of temperature of boiling point, XV. 826, 
2 b. 

Boiling-paint barometer, U. 329, 1 c. 

Boiling springs : see Getbkks. 

BoiSjJohn: see Botse. 

BoiSAKD, Jeau Jacques Francois Marie [bwa- 
zar], French fabulist, II, 796. Jacques Fran- 

Bois d'are [Fr. bw^ dark ; Eng. bo dark], VIII. 

604, 1 c ; XII. 714, 3 a. 
Bois Ae Boulogne [bw^ dah boo-l6ny'], park of 

Paris, III. 154, 1 ab; XIII. 81, lb; 97,1c; 

99, 2 c; map of, 100. Avenue, 81, 1 b : 

100, 3 c. 

Bois de Rhodes [rode], source of oil of rose- 
wood, XIV. 441, 1 b. 

Bois de vaehe [vflsh], dried ordure for fuel, 11. 
668, 1 c. 

Bois£ [boi'-za], county, II. 796. 

Bois£ City, capital of Idaho, II. 796. 



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BOLSWARD 



111 



Soue ShosAones, American Indians, IX. 166, 
Ibc. 

Bois Frarie [Fr. bwa fra""], & forest in Minne- 
sota, XI. 60i, 2 c. 

Boi9-LB-Duo [bwd-iah-dak], city of Holland, 

II. rsr. 

BoissiBir, Jean Jacques de [bwfl-se-Bh], French 

engraver, U. 797. 
Botssr, Hilaire Etienne Octave Eoaillg, mar- 
quis de [bwft-se], French politician, It. 797. 
Boissr n'AifOLAS, Francois Antoine de [da°'- 

glS], French statesman, II. 797. 
BoiSTG, Pierre Claude Vietoire [bwast], French 

lesicographer, II. 79?. 
BoiTiiT, Marie Anne Yictoire Gillain [bwfl- 

vfi"], Frencli midwife, II. 797. 
Bojadoe', Cape, Africa, II. 798. 
^iffurrfo [bo-yar'-do]": sea Boiakdo. 
BoKBR, George Henry, American dramatist 

aad poet, II, 798. 
BoKHAEA [bo-k'hfl'-ra], khanate of Tnrkistan, 

II. 798. Description, 1 c. Productions, 2 o. 

Inhabitants, 799, 1 a (ill., 798). Trade, 1 b. 

Government, 1 c. Hiatory, 2 a. Capital 

city, 800, 1 bo. 
SoUi, tree, VII. 110, 1 e. 
BoL, Ferdinand, Dutch painter, II. 800. 
BoLiN Pass [bo-Mn'J, Beloochistan, III. 5 (ill,). 

Bo'Lia, South American weapon. III. 6. 

BoLBEC, town of France, III. 5. 

Boldon Booh, survey of Durham, Eng., VI. 
198, 2 b. 

Bole, mineral. III. 5. 

Bole'riiiia Promonto'rium : see Land's Esd. 

Bomi, fnngi, colors of, VH. 529, 1 c; 53!, 
2 b. 

BoWtvi edu'lU, fungus, VII. 630, 1 o (ill., 531). 

BoLBiN, Anne: see Anke Bolksn. 

Bolobad', town of Roumania, HI. 6. 

Bolides [bo'-le-deez] : see Bolig (Index). 

Boi-iNGBBOKB, Henry St. John, viscoont [bol'- 
ing-brook], English statesman and author, 
in. 6. 

BoLrNriNKANO, Demeter [bo-lio-te-na-ii'-no], 
Roumanian poet. III. 6. 

Ba'lis, meteoric fire ball, SI. 429, 3 c. 

Bol'ivah, county, III. 7. 

Bolitar, county seats, VIII. 452, 1 a ; XIII. 
680, 1 a. 

Bouvab Y PoNTE, Simon fSp. bo-le'-vare pone'- 
ta], liberator of Colombia, III. 7. Self-pro- 
claimed dictator at Cartas, 2 b. Command- 
er-in-chief of Venezuela and New Granada, 



8, 1 b. Chief esecntive of Venezuela, 2 ab. 
President of Colombia, 9, 1 ab. Dictator of 
Peru, 1 0. Perpetual protector of Bolivia, 
2 a. Reelected president of Colombia, 3 b. 
Compelled to resign, 10, 1 a. His oharac- 

BoLiv'iA, republic of South America, III, 10. 
Map, 11. Bolivian Indians, 10, 2 a. Coast, 
12, 1 a. Surface, I c. Lakes, 2 c. Rivers, 
13, 1 b. Geology, 8 a. Minerals, 2 h. Cli- 
mate and diseases, 14, 1 a. Productions, 
1 b. Fauna, 2 b. Intercommunication, 1 c. 
Manufactures, IS, 1 b. Commerce, iS. Gov- 
ernment, 1 c. Finances, 2 a. Education 
and religion, 3 b. History, t6. 

BoLEHov', town of Russia, HI. 16. 

Bol'lait, William, English lawyer, III. 16. 

BoLLAND, John, learned Jesuit, HI. 16, Ori- 
ginator of the Acta SanctoTum, 3 bo. 

BollandUta, III. 16, 3 c; I. 74, 1 c. 

Bollan'dus : see Bollakd. 

BoLLiNOEB [bol'-lin-jer], county, HI. 17. 

BoLLULOs DEL CoNnADO [bo-lyoo'-loco (Aail 
kone-(AS,'-(Ao], town of Spain, HI. 17. 

BoLLMAUrf, Eric [bfil'-miin], German physician 
and politician, HI, 17. 

Boll leorm [bole]: see Cotton Worm, V. 420, 
1 c, and Maize, XI. 45, 1 h. 

BoLOOSA [bo-lo'-nya], province of Italy, HI. 
IT. Capital city, 2 b. Leaning towers, 2 e 
(ill., 18). Hniversity, 18, 3 a; VI. 412, 2 c; 
XVL 210, 1 0. Fountain, IIL 17, 2 c; 19, 2 b. 
History, 19, 1 o. Oampo santo, IV. 187, 2 c. 

BoLOQNA, Giovanni da, Italian sculptor and 
architect, HI. 19. 

Bologna phiala, I. 532, 1 b and c. 

Bologna phosphoremijig gtone, II. 312, 3 o; III. 
J7„3 b. 

Bolognese school of painting : see Cabeacct. 

Bolognetti palace [bo-lo-nyet'-te], Rome, VII, 
805, 1 a. 

BoLOscHEH [bo-lonc-cbain'], village of Yuca- 
tan, HI. 19. 

Bolonia: see BorLoos^E, HI. 158, 2 a. 

BoLOB Tash [bo*lor' tSg], mountains of central 
Asia, HI. 19. 

Bolsec, an opponent of Calvin, III. 634, 2 c. 

BoLSEtTA [boie-sa'-na], town of Italy, HI. 20 
(ill.). Lake of, 1 b. 

Bokhoi, name of a Russian bell, II. 496, 1 a ; 
ill., 497. 

Bohon de Mapimt [bole-sone' dft mfi-pe'-me], 
plain in Mexico, IV. 725, 1 b. 

Bohward [bol '-swart] : see Bolsweet. 



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112 



BOLSWEET 



BoiswEBT, Boetins Adam [bol'-swalrt], Dutch 

engraver, III. 20. Selieltma, engraver, 
£oU, in a flour miU, XVI. 588, 1 c. 
Salt, in the foot of the horse, VIII. 826, 1 
£alU7tff cloth, XVI. 588, 1 e. 
Bolton [bole'-tun], town of Englaod, III. 
£ott<in-le-Moor» : see Bolton. 
£oU rope, of a sail, XIV. 866, 1 a. 
BoLziNO, Bemhard [bole-tsi'-no], German phi- 
losopher and tleologian, III. 20. 
BoMABSiTKD [bo'-mar-Boond], channel, gulf of 

Bothnia, III. 20. Eort of, I. 2ST, 1 h. 
Bomh [bum], aubmarino, employed by Fulton, 

VII. 535, 3 b. 
Bomla, sobriquet of Ferdinand II. of Naples, 

VII. 185, 1 a. 
Boinbard [bnm'-hard], medieval cannon, I, 

785, 1 b (ill.), 2 he; III. 706, 3 ab. 
Bombard, or hombardelle, first portable fire- 
arm, Zll. 96, 3 b (ill.). 
Bombardatore [bom-bar-da-to'-ra], sohriqnet of 

FerdiEflnd II. of Naples, VII. 135, 1 a. 
Bomba^ier beetle [bum-bar-deer'j, insect, II. 

478, 1 ah (ill.). 
Bombard'ment, XV. 26, 3 b. 
Bomhax, tree, referred to, VII. liS, 2 c. 
Bombay', province of British India, III. 20. 

Capital city, 22, 1 ab; view, 21, Harbor, 

32,2 a. 
Bombay hemp, VIII. G83, 2 b. 
Bombel'li, Eaffaello, Bologneae mothematioian, 

in. 23. 
BoMBXRa, Daniel [bom'-bflirg], Dutch printer, 

III. 23. His editions of the Hebrew Bible, 

II. 610, 3 b, c. 
Bomhet, Alexandre Char or L. A. 0. [b0'*-b5], 

a name assumed by Beyle, II. 601, 2 ab ; IV. 

17, 2 a. 
Botiibua (entomology), II. 457, 1 c. B. terres- 

tris, 2 c (ill.). B. museorum, 458, 1 ah. B. 

lapidarius, 458, 1 b. 
Bombycea [bom'-be-seez], moths, XI. 867, 2 e. 
Btmbycil'la (ornithology), XVI. 517, 1 c. B. 

cedrornm, IV. 166, 1 c. 
Bomhyl'lus tequa'lU (entomology), VI. 129, 2 b. 
Bombyx (entomology), XI. 868, 1 a; XV. 48, 

1 c. B. mori, XV. 48, 1 c (ills.). 



Bnmfim [bo°'-fee'*'], a Portuguese iusurrection- 

Bom'ford, Col., inventor of the oolumbiad, I. 

790, 2 a. 
Bom Jemis [bo" zha'-zoos], chapel of, at Braga, 

Portngai, III. 183, 1 ab. 



BONAPAETE 

BosA, seaport of Algeria, III. 23 (ill). 

BosA, Giovanni, Eomau cardinal. III. 23. 

BosA Dea, Roman divinity. III. 23. Festival 
of, 2 be. 

Bona and mala y>eeies, Haeckel's theory of, 
VIII. 372, 3 c, and 373, 1 a. See 371, 2 o. 

BoHACCi, island in Honduras bay. 111. S3. 

[bo-nfit'-che] : see Leonardo da Pisa. 
[ho-nat'-eho] : seeLEONAEoonAPiSA. 

BoNALD, Louis Gabriel Amhroiso, viscount de 
[bilh-nilldj, French political writer. III. 24. 
Louis Jacques Manriee, cardinal, 1 c. 

-BDmaj>e[bo-nair]: see Bdes Atke. 

Bo'hapaete, or Buonaparte [Fr. bo-na-part; 
Ital. boo-o-na-par'-ta], family of. III. 24. 

BoKAPARTE, Carlo Maria, father of Napoleon 
1., III. 34. Ifaria Letizia (Madame Ltetitia), 
mother of Napoleon I., 25, 1 h. Marie Anne 
Elisa Bacciochi, princess of Piomhino and 
Lucca, and grand duchess of Tuscany, 2 b. 
Marie Pauline, Princess Borghese and duch- 
ess of Guastalla, 2 c. Oarolme Marie An- 
nonciade, queen of Naples, 30, 1 o. 

BoNAPABTB, Jfirflme, king of Westphalia, HI. 
26. His marriage in Baltimore, 3 e. Sepa- 
rated from his wjfc, 27, 1 a. His na*al and 
military services, 1 b, 3 a, h. Made iiing 
aud remarried, 1 c. An exile, 2 b. Ri-- 
stored to France, 28, 1 a. Mme. Patterson, 
his first wife, 1 ab. — Jerome Napoleon, King 
JSr6me's son by Mme. Patterson, 28, 1 h. 
Jerome Napoleon, his son, 1 e, J^r6me 
Napoleon, second son of King Jer6me, 3 a. 
NapoMon Joseph Cliarlea Paul (Prince Na- 
poleon), i5. Mathilda Ltetitia Wilhelmine 
(Princess Mathilde), 29, 2 b; V. 793, 1 a. 

BoNAPAETE, Joseph, king of Naples and of 
Spain, III. 29. His services to Napoleon, 
30, 1 be. Made king of Naples, 3 a; of 
Spain, 3 b. Expelled, 2 c. In the United 
States, 31, 1 ab. His correspondence with 
Napoleon, 2 a.^Zeuaide Charlotte Julie, 
3b; 35, 1 a, 0. Charlotte, 31, 2 b. 

BoHAPAETE, Louis, king of Holland, III. 31. 
His unhappy mai'riage, 2 c. Made king, ib. 
His resistance to Napoleon, 32, 1 a. Com- 
pelled to abdicate, 1 c. His works, 33, 1 a. 
— Napoleon Louis, 1 b. 

BoNApAETE, Lncien, prince of Canino, III. 83. 
Legislator, minister, and diplomatist, 2 h, c. 
(See Beumaihe.) Self-exiled, 84, 1 ab. His 
generosity to Napoleon, 1 c; to B^rangor, 
3 ab. His works, 2 b. His wives and daugh- 
ters, 2 he.— Charles Lucien Jules Laurent, 



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BONAPARTE 

prince of Canino ant! Musignano, naturalist, 
35, 1 a. His classification o£ fishes, IX. 151, 
1 a ; of mammals, SI. 81, S b ; of bii-ds, XH. 
704, 3 a, 708, 1 c. His " American Ornithol- 
ogy," HI. 36, 1 c, and SVI. 650, 2 h. His 
wife, Z6naide, HI. 85, 1 a, c ; daughters, 3 a ; 
sons, Joseph Lucien Charles Napoleon, Lu- 
cien Louis Joseph Napoleon, Na]»olSoQ GrS- 
goire Jaoqnea Philippe, 3 ah.^Louis Lucien, 
philolo^at and oteraist, 85, 2 h. His version 
of the parable of tlie sower in 73 dialects, I'S., 
and I. 245, 1 b. On the Basque language, 
HI, 33, 2 c and II. 367, 2 b.— Pierre Napo- 
Uoa (Prince Pierre), HI. 35, 2 c. His as- 
sassination of Victor Noir, 3S, 1 b, 63, 2 a; 
Sn. 473, 3 ab.— Antoine, fourth son of Ln- 



BOND 



113 



L, HI. i 



, Ic, 



BosAFARTE, Napolcou, first emperor of Pranoe, 
HI. 86. His birthplace, I. 324, 2 c (ill.). 
His education and early fortunes, HI. 36, 

2 a, ff. Siege of Toulon, 37, 3 be. Com- 
mander-in-chief of the army of the interior, 
38, 2 a. Marriage with Josephine Beauliar- 
nais, 2 ah. Italian campaigns, 38, 2 h, ff. 
(see IX. 431, 1 ab). Expedition to Egypt 
and Syria, 89, 2 o. First consul of the re- 
public, 40, 1 (see Bbumaiee). Internal ad- 
ministration, 2 a, 41, 1 h. Battle of Maren- 
go, 40, 3 b. Pacification of Europe, ib. His 
treatment of Santo Domingo, 2 c. Consul 
for life, 41, 1 a. War with England, 2 a. 
Execution of the duie d'Enghien, &c., 3 b. 
Hade emperor, 2 be. Anointed king of Italy, 

3 c. Battle of Austerlitz, 42, 1 b. Confed- 
eration of the Rhine, 1 c. Occupation of 
Berlin, S b. Berlin decree, id. Treaty of 
Tilsit, 2 c. Overthrow of the kings of Por- 
tugal and Spain — peninsular war, 43, 1 a, b. 
Campaign in Austria, 3 ab. Annexation of 
the Papal States, 2 b. His divorce and re- 
marriage, 2 c. Extent of the Prcneh em- 
pire, 44, 1 a. Reverses in Spain, 1 b. Rus- 
sian campaign, 1 c. Sixth coalition against 
France, 2 c. Campaign of France, 45, 1 c. 
Abdication, 3 a. Escape from Elba, 2 ab. 
Battle of Waterloo, and second abdication, 
2 c (see X. 39, 1 be). Imprisonment at St. 
Helena, 46, 1 a. Character and bibliographj, 
1 h. Napoleon's military system, I, 749, 1 e- 
750, 1 a. His management of cavalry, IV. 
146, 1 a; 152, 1 a, c. Relations with the 
emperor Alexander I., I. 281, 2 a-282, 2 c. 
Call of a national ecclesiastical council with- 
out the sanction of tlie pope, V. 423, 1 h. 



— Josephine, empress of Prance, HI. 46, 3 a. 
Marriage with the marquis de Beaubarnais, 
ih. Acquaintance and marriage with Bona- 
parte, 3 c. Crowned empress, 47, 1 b. Di- 
vorced, a. Personal traits, and memoirs, 
2 c— Maria Louisa, archduchess of Austria, 
Napoleon's second wife, 47, 2 a. Her mar- 
riage, 2 b. Birth of a son, 2 c. Made duchess 
of Parma, Piacenza, and Guastalla, ib. Mor- 
ganatic marriage with Count Albert Adam 
von Neipperg, 48, 1 a. Personal traits, and 
memoirs, lb. — Napoleon II. (Napoleon Fran- 
cois Charles Joseph, duke of Reichstadt), 
son of Napoleon I. and Maria Louisa, 48, 

1 b. 

BoH'APABTK, Napoleonlll. (Charles Louis Napo- 
leon), emperor of France, III. 48. Heir of 
Napoleon I., 1 o. His revolutionary attempt 
at Strasburg, ib. ■ at Boulogne, 49, 1 b. Es- 
cape from Ham, 1 c. Elected president of 
the republic, 2 b. Overthrow of the Roman 
republic, 3 c. Coup d'etat of 1851, 60, 1 c. 
Restoration of the empire, 2 b. Hismarriage, 

2 G. Crimean war, iS. Franco-Italian war 
agiiinst Austria, 61, 1 b. Peace of Villa- 
franca, 1 c. Anglo-French war in Cliina, 
1 a, 2 b. Relation with the insurgent Con- 
federate States, 2 c. Mexican expedition, 
ib. ; its failure, 52, 1 c, 2 b. Internal oppo- 
sition, 2 c. Reform measures, 53, 1 b. Un- 
friendly relations with Prussia, 2 b. War 
with Germany, 64, 1 a. Surrender to the 
king of Prussia, 2 ab. Imprisonment at 
■Withelmsliflhe, 3 b. Deposition, 2 o. Resi- 
dence at Chiselhnrst, ii. Bibliography, 55, 
1 a. — Eugenie Marie de Montijo, empress of 
France, 65, 1 a. Her marriage, 1 b. Re- 
gent, 1 c. Escape from Paris, 2 a. — Napo- 
Mon Eugene Louis Jean Joseph, prince im- 
perial, 2 b. 

Bona'sa umbel'lua (ornithology), VIII. 271, 2 c, 
BoSAVBSTu'itA, Saint, cardinal, HI. 55, 

[bo-na-ve'-no] : see Fran- 



Bonatkta; see Boatista. 

BosonAMp, Charles Melchior Artus, marquis 

de [bfi"-sha"'], French soldier, HI. 56. 
BosD, in law, III. 56. Bond with penalty, 

chancery relief in case of n on- performance 

of the condition, IV. 258, 3 be. 
BoMD, county. III. 56, 
Bond, Thomas Emerson, American physician, 

editor, and preacher, HI. C6. 
BosD, William Cranch, American astronomer, 



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114 



fiOHDI 



III. 56; his lunar photographs, XI, 800, 2 

be. George Phillips, astronomer, III. 5T, 1 a. 
BosDi, Clemente, Italian poet. III. 67, 
BoNBOo', kingdom of Africa, III. 57. Bon- 

doos (ill.), 2 a. 
Bonds o/attractitin, in mineralogy, SI. 584, 1 b. 
Bond street, fashionable locality of London, X. 

695, 1 0. 
BosE, lU. 57. Chemical constitution, 58, 1 b. 

Microscopical examination, 2 c, ff. (ills., 59). 

Ultimate structure, 60, 1 a. Ossification, 

1 b i prooeaa of, 1 c. Reparative power, 61, 

1 a. Bones of reptiles, fishes, and birds, 1 b. 

(See BiEDS, II. 658, 3 a, and compare III. 

666, 2 b; OoMPAKiTivE Ak4tomy, V. 178, 

1 be.) Complete development of the osseoas 

system, 1 c. 
BosE, Henry, English enamel painter, in. 61. 

H. P., enamel painter, 3 be. 
Bonk Ash, III. 61 ; II. 5, 3 be. 

BOBK BL40K, III. 62. 

BoHB Cavks, hi. 63. Of Mentone, XI. 395, 
3 c ; ill., 896. 

Bom dog, VI. 183, 3 ab. 

Bone Dust, IU. 63. 

Bone earth, for cupels, VIII. 817, 3 be. 

Bone filling: sooZiso, 5VI. 818, 1 b. 

Boub'set, plant. III. 64 (ill.). 

Boset', Juan Pablo, Spanish instructor of deaf 
and damb, III. 64. See V. 730, S c. 

Bon Gaultier, pseudonyme, XI. 311, 1 be. 

Bonham [bon'-um], county seat, VII. 80, 3 a. 

Bongos, canoes, V, 85, 2 a. 

Bonhecb, Eoaalie (Rosa), [bun-tir], French 
painter, III. 65. Raymond, artist, 1 a. Au- 
gnste, artist, 1 be. Julea Isidore, sculptor, 
1 c. Juliette (Mme. Peyrol), painter, iS. 

BoNHOMJiB [bon'-um], county, III. 65. 

Bon RommB Richard [Fr. bdh num re-shar], 
ship of war, IX. 678, 3 c. 

Bo'ni, state of Celebes, III. 65. Town, 2 b. 

Bon'iface, name of nine popes, III. 65. Boni- 
face Vin., his aith book of decretals, 719, 
Ic. 

Boniface, Saint, apostle of Germany, III. 66. 

Boniface, Roman general, 1. 165, 1 c ; 156, 1 a ; 
XVI. 564, 3 a. 

BonifoM, Joseph Satier [bfth-ne-raa] ; see 
Saintinb. 

Bonifacio [bo-ne-lU'-cho], Strait of, III. 67. 

BoBiN, Eduard Wilhelm Ludwig von [bo- 
neen'], Prussian general, III. 67. Adoif 
von, general, 3 a. 

Bonis latANoa, N. Pacific, III. 67 (01.). 



BOOK 

Bon'ikotos, Richard Piu'kes, English painter, 

HI. 67. 
Bosito [bo>ne'-to], fish. III. 68 (UL). Plain 

bonito, 1 c (ill.). 
BonjouE [bC-zhoor], two brothers, foandera 

of a sect in France, IH. 68. 
Bonn [bun], city of Prussia, III. 68. Univer- 
sity of, 69, 1 a (ill.). 
Bonna, ancient name of Bonn, IH. 69, 2 a. 
Bomuicka; see Bass acks. 
Bonner, Edmund, English bishop, HI. 69. 
Bonnek, Robert, American journalist. III. 70. 
Bonnet, Charles [bun-na], Swiss naturalist, 

III. 70. 
Bonnet, Mysian and Phrygian, VIII. 509, 2 b. 
BoNHEVAL, Claude Alexandre, count de [bun- 

viO], pasha of Caramania, IH. 70, Referred 

to, IV. 48, 2 a. 
Bonneville, Benjamin L. E. [bon'-vil], Ameri- 
can soldier, HI. 71. (Died 1878.) 
Bonnewglieg [bun-vo-gl6] : see Galley, VII. 

577, 1 e. 
BoNNiTAKD, Franpois de [bun-ne-var], French 

writer and politician (prisoner of Ohillon), 

III. 71. 
Bon'kycastijj, John, English mathematician, 

HI. 71. Charles, mathematician, 3 b. 
Bonny Eiveg, Africa, HI. 71. 
Bono'mi, Giuseppe, Italian architect, IH. 71. 

Joseph, English archaeologist and author, 2 c. 
BosoNoiNi, Giovanni Battista [bo-non-chs'-ne], 

Italian composer, IH. 73. F.ivalry with 

Handel, ib., and VIH. 437, 3 c. 
Bono'nia, ancient town, HI. 17, 2 b; 19, 2 c, 

" Bononia docet," motto on Bolognese coins, 

18, 2 ah. 
Bonpaa [bo-'-pS], town of France, HI. 270, 3 c. 
BoKPLAND, Aimfi [bO'^-plfl*'], French traveller 

and naturalist, HI. 73. His detention by 

Dr. Francia, 1 c, and VII 416, 1 c. 
Bos'sTETTEN, Charles Victor de, Sn iss author, 

HI. 72. 
BontoVriea, ancient town, HI. 87, 2 be. 
BoNvrciNO, Alessandro [boa-ve-che'-no], Ital- 
ian painter, HI. 72. 
Boaypike, fish, VII. 631, 2 e. 
Bonzes, Buddhist priests. III. 72 ; IX. 539, 

1 b; XIH. 833, 1 c. Japanese bonzes (ill.), 

III. 73. 
Booby, bird, HI. 73 (il!.). 
Boobkoom': see Hai-ioahnassus. 
Book, HI. 73- Origin of the word, ib., and IL 

373, 3 a. The most ancient books extant, 

IH. 73, 2 c. Ancientbooks and writing mate- 



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BOOKBINDING 

rials (Ol.)i ^^i price of, 2 a-b. Palimpaest, 
75, 1 a. Mannfaoture of a book, 75, 3 b; 
size of page, folio, ifec, 2 c, 78, 1 b. Earli- 
est pabiisters in the United States, 76, 1 be. 
Book business in this country, 2 a, fl. 

Book'biniuko, lil. 77. Processes of bindiDg, 
78, 1 a. Folding machine, 1 c fill.). Boot- 
sevring macbine, 2 o (ill.). 

Booh of Commmi Prayer : BeeCoMMOsFBAYBR, 
Book of (Index). 

" Book of Concord,'''' X. 731, 1 c. 

" Booh of Heroes " {Heldenbuch), Til. 763, 2 b. 

'■'Boole ofjodpon," IX. 689, 2 b. 

Book'keeping, ni. 80. 

Booi of KelU, Irist manuscript, XI. 131, 3 o. 

Boohs, bundles of raw silk, XV. 42, 1 a. 

Boolsellers' Betreat, J. 10, 1 b (Abbots-Lanu- 

Book trade of Leipsic, X. 329, 2 a. 

Bool [bo-ole'] : see Bohol. 

Boolak', town of Egypt, III. 81. Museum of, 

XI. 168, 1 a. 
Boole, George, English, logician, X. 581, 2 c ; 

B82, 2 aandb; B83, 2 a. 
Boolbsdsuauue [boo-Iund-shttw'-cr], district 

of Bindostan, III. 81. Town, 2 a. 
Boom [bome], town of Belgium, III. 81. 
Boo'uBBANS, Australian missile. III. 81 (111.) ; 

II. 132, lb; IX. 744, 1 b. 
Boon, of flax, VII. 263, S c. 
Boondee', state of Ilindostan, III. 81. Capital, 

82, 1 b. 
Boone, scyon counties. III. 83. 
Boone, county seat, XVI. 484, I b. 
BooBE, Daniel, American pioneer. III. 88. 
Boone, William Jones, American missionary 

bishop. III. 83. 
Boonesioro, county seat. III. 83, 1 a. 
BooSBSBOEOnuu, village of Kentucky, III. 84. 
BoonetoKJi, New Jersey, III. 84, 2 ab. 
BooTieville: see Boontillb. 
BooNTON, town of New Jersey, III. 84. Boon- 
ton iron works, 1 b. 
BoONviLLE, city of Missouri, III. 84. 
BoomilU, county seat, XVI. 463, 3 a. 
Eoorhanpooe', town of British India, III. 84. 
BooRo', island, Malay archipelago. III. 85. 
Boot: see Shoe, XIV. 873, 1 b. 
Boot, instrament of torture, 5V. 815, 1 ab. 
Bootan', territory of India, III. 85. Bootans, 

2 a (ill,). 
Boote'ah), people of Bootan, III. 85, 2 c (his). 



BOEDEN'S 



115 



BoOtes [bo-o'-teez], constellation, III. i 



BooTB, Barton, English actor. III. 8G. 
Booth, Sir Felix, English manufacturer, III. 80. 

Boothia Eelis named for him, 1 be. 
Booth, Junius Brntas, English tragedian, III. 

86. Edwin, American actor, 3 b. John 
Wilkes, actor, assassin of Abraham Lincoln, 
2 c, and S. 498, 2 c. 

Boothauk [boot-hawk'], village and pass of 

Afghanistan, III. 87. 
Booth'bay, township of Maine, III. 87. 
Bo5tlwrium. [bo-o-tbe'-re-um], (zoology), XII. 

103, 1 ab. 
Boothia Felix, peninsula. North America, III. 

87. See Booth, Sir Felix. 
Boothia Gdlj, British America, HI. 87. 
Booton', island, eastern archipelago. III. 87. 
Bopal [bo-pal'J : see Bhopabl. 

Bopp, Franz, German philologist, IIT. 87. Bopp- 

Stiftung, 2 b. 
BoppAHD, or Boppart [bnp'-part], town of Pma- 

sia, in. 87 (ill.). 
BoEA, Eatharina von, wife of Luther, III. 88 ; 

X. 738, 1 a. 
Bora, (wind), XI. 355, 1 a. 
BoEicio Acid ; see Bonio Aom. 
Bo'HAcrrK, mineral. III. 88. 
BoHAGB, plant, m. 88 (ill.). 
BoTa'go: see Borage. 
Borah, in Mobaramedaa traditions, X. 45, 1 c 

(Koran). 
Borasain.'e<E, tribe of palms, XIII, 19, 1 b. 
Boras'aim, genus of palms, XIII. 19, 1 c. B. 

flabelliformis, ib. (ill.). B. .^thiopum, 3 c, 
Bo'rate of sodium. III. 88, 2 b. 
BoRAi, III. 88. Prismatic boras, 89, 1 b ; 

OAlcined, 3 be ; octahedral, tS. Uses, 3 c. 
Borax glass. III. 89, 3 be. 
Borate lahe, in California, HI. 603, 1 c. 
Borasite : see Boracite. 
Bok'beoe, town of Prussia, III. 90. 
Boreette [bor-set], town : see Burtscheid. 
Bord, system of mining, V. 70, 1 c. 
BoRDi, Jean Charles, French mathematician, 

III. 90. His method of weighing, II. 233, 3 c. 
BoBDB, Andi-ew, English physician. III. 90. 
BoRDEAcx [bor-dO], city of France, HI. 90. 

View, 91. Grand theatre (ill.), iJi. 
BoEDBATTX, Dukc of I See CuAMBORD, Oount de. 
BoRDBACX Wines : see Frasce, Wines of, VII. 

410, 3 a; 411, lb. 
BoRDKLAis [bor-di5h-la]. district of France, III. 

93. Wines of, VIL 410, 2 8. 
Borden, Simeon, American engineer, III. 92. 
Borden's gr<m, VIII. 167, 2 c. 



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116 BOBDENTOWN 

BoKBENTOWN, townaliip of New Jersey, III. 99. 

BoEDLBY, Jobu Beale, American agriculturist, 
III. S2. 

BoRDONE, Paride [bor-do'-na], Venetian painter, 
III. 92. 

Bordure, io heraldry, VIII. 673, 9 a, Bordnre 
compony or gobony, 2 ab ; counter- com pony, 
H). ; choqny, ib. \ wavy, ib. See plate (after 
p. 670), on the left. 

BotiE, of tides. III. 92. Bore of tlie Amazon, 
description of, I. B79, 2 b. See Tides, XV. 
742, 2 a. 

Borefada, children o£ Boreas, III. 93, 1 a, 

Bo'reas, III. 92 (ill.). 

Boreoi'mi, featiyai of Boroaa, III. 93, 1 a. 

Bobb'oole, variety of cabbage, III. 93 (ilL). 

Boeel'u, Giovanai Alfonso, Italian mathoma- 
tician and physician, III. 98; SI. S50, 2 a. 

Borer, fish, XII. 122, 1 a. 

Borers, insects, VIII. 533, 2 c; 553, 3 ah; X. 
573, 1 h. 

Btire »tone, n. 287, 2 o. 

BoEOEKHOUT [bor'-gher-howt], town of Bel- 
gium, III. 93. 

BoEOET, Auguste [hor-zhfi], French painter, 
III. 93. 

BoROHBSB [bor-ga'-za], Italian family. III. 98. 
Oamillo (Pope Paul V.), 3 b; XIIT. 173, 
1 a. Oamillo Filippo Ludovico, prince, III. 
98, 2c; 26, la. 

Borghese ffladiatm; statue, I. 173, 2 b. Dis- 
covery of, 573, 1 b. 

BoE&nEsi, Bartolommeo [bor-gii'-zej, Italian 
nnmiamatist. III, 94. 

BoRGui Mamo, Adelaide [bor'-ghe-mA'-mo], 
Italian singer, HI. 94. 

BoROi, Giovanni [bor'-je], Boraan mechanic, 
fonader of ragged schools. III. 94. 

Borgia, Alfonso [bor'-ja], name of Pope Calis- 
tns III., III. 618, 2 b. 

BoEoiA, Cesare, Italian prelate and soldier. III. 
H. His poisoned ring, XIV. 338, 2 a (Riso). 
Lucrezia, III. 95, 1 a. 

Borgia, Eodrigo, name of Pope Alexander VI., 
I. 279, 2 c. 

BoEoiA, St. Francis, general of the Jesuits, III. 
95. 

BoEOiA, Stefano, Italian cardinal and states- 
man, III. 95. 

BoEOSB [born], late, Louisiana, III. 95. 

Borgo : see Leonine Citt. 



BoHOOGNOBE, Jacopo Cortesi [bor 
Italian painter, III. 95. 



o-nyo'-na]. 



BOEOWLASKI 

BoEOOMANEEO [bor-go-mfi-nS'-ro], town of Pied- 
mont, III. 95. 

BoEGOO', two kingdoms of Africa, III. 95. 

Bo'eio Acid, III. 95. 

Boric anhydride. III. 96, 1 a. 

BoKiE, Pierre Rose Ursale Dumoulin [bo-re], 
French missionary. III. 97. 

Boeing, III. 97. Boring raaehine, 3 a (ill.). 
Drills, 98, 2 a (ill). Tools for boring wood, 
98, 3 b (ills.) ; for metals, 99, 1 c, 98, 2 b 
(ills.) ; for glass, 99, 2 c. Bock drills, 99, 2 c 
(ills., 100, 101). See Blabtiho, II. 697, lb; 
700, 1 (ill.). 

Boru Godumff', czar of Russia, V. 789, 2 b; 
XIV. 490, 2 be. 

Boeisoglkbsk', town of Russia, III. 101. 

Bomsov', town of Russia, lU. 101. 

BSejesson, Johan [b6r'-yes-son], Swedish dram- 
atist, III. 101. 

Boe'lace, Edmund, English historian. III. 
101. 

Boen, Bertrand de, French ti'oubadour and 
warrior, HI. 101. 

Boe'na, town of Saxony, Til. 101. 

B5BNB, Ludwig [bor'-nSh], German author, 
III. 101. 

Boe'neo, it.land, Malay archipelago, HI. 103. 
General description, 1 c, ff. Mount Kina- 
Balu, 2 b; view, 103. Minerals, 103, 2 
Climate, 104, 1 h. Vegetation, 1 bo. Ft 
na, 2 a. Territorial diriaions, 3 b. Inliabi- 
tants, 3 c. Foreign acquisitions, 105, 1 h. 

BoENHEiM [born'-hime], village of Germany, 
ni. 105. Bomheimer Heide, 1 c. 

Boes'holm, island of Denmark, HI. 105. 

BoBNOo', country of central Africa, III. 105. 
Bornoose, 3 c. Body guard of Boi-noose 
sultan, 106, 1 a (ill., 105). Bomoo " 
referred to, L 171; 



ft Java, IX. 57fi,l c (ill.), 
o], village of Russia, and 



Borobo'do, temple of, 
BoEoniNO [bo-ro-de'- 

baHle at, IH. 306. 
Boroihme [bo-roim'] : see Beiah Bornr. 
BoaoN (chemistry). III. 106. Amorphous, 2 a ; 

crystallized, 3 b. Atomic weight, 107, 1 a; 

hardness, lOfi, 3 c, 107, 1 a. 
BoronatroeaVcile, mineral, HI. 89, 2 a. 
BoEOTTOH [bur'-o], III. 107. In the United 

States and England, 3 b ; XV. 828, 1 c, 
Boroitgh, the, London, X. 593, 1 b. 
Boroughreete : see Mayor. 
Boeovitch'i, town of Russia, III, lOT. 
Borovsk', town of Russia, III, 107- 
BorowlaaM, Count, dwarf, VI. 335, 3 b. 



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BOEBICHIA 

BorrkMa frutes'eens [bor-rik'-e-a], (botany), 

Sir. 760, 1 b. 
Bobbome'an IeLi,Ni>s, Italy, III. 107. Isola 
Bella (iU.). 108. 

BoKROMEO, Carlo [bor-ro-ma'-o], Baint and car- 
dinal, III. 108. Referred to, II. 318, 2 c; 
319, 1 a. 

BoEEOMBo, Federigo, arclibishop of Milan, III. 
108. 

Borromeo, St. Oharles, Oblatea of; XII. S65, 1 a. 

BoBEOuEO, St. Charles, Sisterhood of, III. 109. 

BoTTomeo, Vitaliano, count, III. 107, 3 c. 

BofiEOUiKi, Prancoaco [bor-ro-me'-ne], Italian 
architect, III. 109. 

Bok'eow, George, Englisli author. III. 109. 

Mrrowdale, England, graphite mine at, VIII. 
165, 1 0. 

Borrowing day), XI. 151, 1 a (MABcn). 

BoGSA [bor'-sLaw], village of Hungary, III. 109. 

Borse [bOr'-Bfili], German eschange, VII. 21, 
1 a. 

BoRSOD[bor'-Bhod],conntyofHungary, III. 109. 

Bort, impure diamond, VI. 76, 1 c. 

Borunlawshi, Count [bo-roo-slav'-ske], dwarf, 
VI. 835, 2 b. 

Bonmi, ancient inhabitants of Prassia, XIV. 
54,2 a. 

BoET DE SiiHT ViScENT, Jean Baptists George 
Mario [bo-re diili sa°' vii°'-84'"]. Trench natu- 
ralist, III. 109. See Ethkolooy, VI. 754, 1 c. 

BoBYSTHESEs [bo-ria'-the-neez] ; see Dnieper. 

Borzinoy, duke of Bohemia, V. 620, 1 c. 

Bos, Lambert, Dutch philologist. III. 109. 

Bos, Hieronjmus, Flemish artist, III. 109. 

Bos (zoology), X!1. 757, 1 b, c. B. primigenius, 
3 he; U. 120, 2 a. B. urus, ih. B. bison, 
ib. B.bubaIu3,III.410,lc(ilL). B. Caffer, 
lcand2c(ill.,4Il). B.ami,2h. B.gaunis, 
411, 1 c. B. Indious, XVI. 808, 1 ab. B. 
Sondaions, referred to, UI. 104, 2 ab ; IX. 
675, lb; XVI. 808, 1 o. 

Bo'sA, town of Sardinia, III. 110. 

BosBOOM, Joiianaos [bos'-bome], Dutch painter, 
III. 110. 

Bosc, Louis Augustin Gnillauine, French nat- 
uralist, in. 110. 

BosCAJt (Bosoan Almogaver), Jaan [boce-klin'], 
Spanish poet. III. 110; XV. 220, 2 ab, ff. 

BoscAWBS, Edward [bos '-ka- wen], British ad- 
miral, III. 110. 

BosoH, Hieronymus de [diSh bosk], Dutch phi- 
lologist, ni. 110. 

Boaeh : see Bos, Hieronynius. 

Boseo : see Boa, Hieronymns. 



BOSTON 



m 



js'covicH, Euggiero Giuseppe, Italian nat- 
ural philosopher. III. 110. 

Boshmaili [bosh-mi'-le], Turkish name of Bos- 
nia, m. Ill, 2 b. 

Boaio, Angiolina [bo'-ze-o], Italian vocalist, 
III. 111. 

Bosio, Fraujois Joseph, French sculptor, III. 
111. 

BosjESMANS [bos'-yes-maus] : sec Bushuen. 
Derivation of the name, I. 169, 1 c. 

Boimana, an old name of Bodmin, II. 773, 2 b. 

Bosaa : see Bossi*. 

Bossa-Sbbii [hos-na-aa-ri'], capital of Bosnia, 
in. 111. 

Bos'nia, provinee of European Turkey, III. 
111. Inhabitants, 112, 1 c (ill.). 

Boapor, local name of Kertch, IX. 813, 2 c. 

Bos'poBirs, Thracian, strait, Turkey, III. 113 
(ill., castles of Europe anil Asia, 113). Cim- 
merian, 113, 1 c. Ancient kingdom, ib. Free 
navigation of the Bosporus and Dardanelles, 
X. 224, S a. , 

Bosporus, ancient city ; see Kektoh. 

&s)wo,amediaivalname of Kertch, IX. 813, 3 c. 

BosQUK [bos'-ka], county. III, 113. 

Bosqcet, Pierre Joseph Francois [bus-ka], 
French soldier, III. 113. 

Bos'si, Giuseppe, Italian painter. III. 114. 

Bossi, Giuseppe Carlo Aurelio, baron de, Ital- 
ian poet and diplomatist, III. 114. 

Boasi, Luigi, count, Italian historian and archis- 
ologist. III, 114. 

Bos'siER [Fr. bus-se-a], parish of Louisiana, 
IlL 114. 

Boasu, a kind of palm, XIII. 20, 2 a. 

BosauET, Jacques B^nigne [bus-sil-a], French 
prelate, III. 114. 6oe Meads. His friend- 
ship with Ffinelon, VII. 123, 2 ab; contro- 
versy with him, 123, 1 be. Commissioner 
to try Mme, Guyon for heresy, 1 ab. 

BossDT, Charles [bus-stl], French mathema- 
tician, III. 11 B. 

Bostan', town of Asiatic Turkey, III. 115. 

Bos'topt, game. III. 116. 

BosTos, capital of Massachusetts, III. 116. 
View from the harbor, 117. Growth and 
population, 117, 1 b. Divisions, 2 b. Faneuil 
hall, 118, 2 b (ill.). State house, 119, 1 a 
(il!.). "Oldelm,"120, 2 b. Commerce, 121, 
1 a. Ice trade, 2 b. Government, 122, 2 a. 
Water supply, 3 c. Benevolent institutions, 
123, 2 b. Schools, 124, 1 h. Public library, 
135, 1 a. Associations, 1 c. The press, 3 c. 
Churches, ih. History, 136, 2 a. Oripn of 



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118 



BOSTON 



the name, 129, 2 a. Tire in 18T2, 128, 2 
V. 338, 1 ab. 

Boston, seaport of England, III. 128. St. Bo- 
tolph's church, 2 c (ill., 129). Cotton chapel 
(ill.), 129. See Cottoh, John, V. 411, 1 ab. 

Boston, Thomas, Scottish clergyman. III. 139. 

Botton marrow, plant, XT. 293, 2 e. 

Boston massacTB, XVI. 155, 1 bo; I. 85, 3 ab, 
108, 2 b; 11. 98, 1 c; VIII. 435, lb; SIV. 
154, 1 a. 

Boston News Letter, first stable American i 
paper, 1. 138, 1 b; SII. 342, I b. 

Boston Patriot, political newspaper, I. 9e 

Boston port bill, closing the port tfl all 
meroe, XVI. 155, 2 a. Treatment of this act 
bj other colonial ports. III, 127, 2 c. 

Boston tea part!/, IX. 94, 1 b; XVI. 155, 1 c 
The tory governor's opinion of their act, 
III. 127, 3 c. EotaliatioQ of the imperial 
gOTemnient, ib., and XVI. 155, 3 a. 

Bobtea; see BozRAn, 

EoawELL, James, biographer of Dr. Johnson, 
III. 129 ; IX. 686, 2 c. Sir Alexander, III. 
130, 1 c. James (2d), 2 a. 

Boswel'lia serra'ta (botany), VII. 431. 2 b (ill.). 

BoswoRTH, town of England, in. 130, Bos- 
worth field, and monument (ill.), 2 b. Bat- 
tle of, a., and XIV. 315, 2 a. 

BoswOETH, Joseph, D. D., English philologist, 
III. 130, pied 1876.) 

Botal,/oTamen of, fcetal. III. 131, 1 b. 

Botal'li, Leonardo, Piedmonteso physician, 
III. 131. 

Botanical dyruigty, of the Jnssiens, IX. 724, 1 c. 

BoTAtfT, ni. 131. History, 2 a, Claaaiflcation 
of plants, 133, 1 b. Linncean system, 2 a. 
Jnaaieu's, and modification of it, 134, 1 b. 
Endlicher'a, 135, 1 a. Hooker and Bentbam's 
Genera Plantwrum, 2 ab. Physiological and 
anatomical botany, ib. Writers on botany, 
2 b, IF. 

BoTAMT, parish of New Sonth Wales, III. 138. 

Botany Bat, New South Wales, III. 138. 

Botany Bay Mno, tree, VI. 768, 2 a. 

Botany Bay redn, YIII. 171, 2 b. 

Botargo, preparation of fiah roes, II. 673, 3 c. 

Botau'rus stella'ris (ornithology), II. 670, 1 o 
(ill.). B. lentiginosus, 2 a. 

Botero [bo-ta'-ro], on political economy, XIII. 
665, 3 c. 

Botes, Hynonyrae of estovers, VI. 742, 1 e. 

BOTBTonET [bot'-e-tnrt], county, HI. 188. 

EoTBTOUET, Norbopne Berkeley, baron, English 
statesman, HI. 138. 



BOTTLE 

Botfly, III. 141, 3 b (ill.) ; XIV. 889, 2 ab. 

Both, Jan [bote], Dntch painter, IH. 13B. An- 
dreas, painter, 2 b, 

Both'nia, gnlf, Baltic sea, IH, 138 ; II. 251, 2 a. 

Bothrioceph'alus la'tui (entozoa), VI. 666, 1 c 
(ill.). 

Both'weix, village of Scotland, HI. 139. Both- 
weli bridge, battle of, 1 b. Bothwell castle, 

1 e (ill.). Manse of Bothwell, ib. 
Bothwell, James Hepburn, earl of, third hus- 
band of Mary, queen of Scots, HI. 139 ; XL 
234, 1 c. 

BoTOOCDoa [bo-to-koo'-doce], tribe of Brazilian 

Indians, HI. 140 (ill.). 
Batolph, St., ohnrch of, IH. 138, 2 c (ill., 129) : 

see Cotton, John, Priory of, V. 43, 1 b (i!!.). 
Botoshan', city of Eoumania, HI. 141. 
Botryodae'tyla ffran'dis, ochinoderm, XIV. 728, 

2 b. 

Bot'ryoUte, mineral, X. 479, 3 a, 

Botry'tis Bassiana, epiphyte, VI. 690, la; XII. 
65, 3 ab i XV. 45, 1 a. B. infestans, VI. 687, 
2 c; VIL 531, 2 ab, 632. 1 c. (Compare 
XIII, 771, 2 b.) 

Both (entomology), IH, 141, Bot fly (ill,), 2 b. 

Bot'ta, Carlo Giuseppe Guglielmo, Italian his- 
torian, HI. 141, Paul Emile, Prench archto- 
ologist, 142, 1 c. 

BoTTA, Vincenzo, Italian scholar, III. 142. 
Anne Charlotte Lynch, American poetess, 
2 b. 

BoTTAM, Giovanni Gaetano [bot-ti'-re], Italian 
prelate, III. 142, 

Botteher [bot'-'her] : see BOttger, Johann 
Friedrich, 

BoTTKBiBi, Antonio [bot-ta-ze'-ne], Italian com- 
poser, ni. 142. 

B5TTCEB, AdoU [biit'-gber], Gorman poet. III. 
143. 

BSTrGBR, Johann Friedrich, Saxon alchemist, 
III. 143. His invention of porcelain, 1 be ; 
XIII. 784, 2 b. 

Bottger, a., his process for platinizing glass, 
XI. 683, 3 a. 

Botticelli, Sandro [bot-te-chel'-le], Italian 
painter, HI. 143. 

Bottiger [bot'-te-gher], alchemist : see B5tt- 
GBE, Johann Friedrich. 

BOttioeb, Karl Augnst, German archseologist, 
HI. 143. Karl Wilhelm, historian, 2 ab, 

Bottioer, Karl Vilhelm, Swedish poet, III. 148. 

Bottle, III, 143. Skin bottles, 3 c (ill.). 
Egyptian bottles, 144, 1 b (ill.). Glass bot- 
tles, 1 c. Mould bottles, 3 a (ill.). Marver, 



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BOTTLE 

a b (iO.). Punty, S o (ill.). Finishing bench, 
145, 1 a (ill.), finishing tools, 1 b (ill.). 
Eickets's patent, 1 ho. 

Bottle grtm, XI. 558, 1 c. 

Bottle-head d«lpUn, VI. 193, 1 a, 

BottU-JwUer, in the prize ring, XIV, 73, 2 be ; 
74, 1 ftb. 

Bottle imp, or Cartesian diver, IX. 120, 1 ab. 

BoUle-noaed dolphin, VI. 192, 2 a (ill.). 

Bottle Tbbb, III. 143 (ill.). 

Bottom fishing, I. 498, 2 a. 

Bottomry, in maritime law. III. 145. 

BoTTS, John Minor, American politician, III. 
146. 

Botushani [ho-too-sba'-ne] : see Botoshas, 

Bot'zaeis : see Bozzabis. 

Bot'zbs, town of Tyrol, III. 146 (ill.). 

BououARDOK, Eilme [boo-sbar-do"'], French 
acnlptor, ill. 146. 

Boucher, Frangois [boo-aba], French painter, 
III. 146. 

BouoHEE, Jonathan [bow'-cher], English cler- 
gyman, in. 147. 

BonoHEB, Pierre [hoo-sha], Canadian pioneer, 
III. 14r. 

BonoHEK DB ORfiyKo<EiiB DB pERTHKB, Jac«iuea 
[dtih kraiv-kiir diii pwrt], Frenob. arcbaa- 
ologiat and author. III. 147. 

BonoHES-DTT-EHftjJE [boosh-dii-rone], depart- 
ment of France, III. 147. 

BoooioAULT, Dion [boo'-ae-ko], British drama- 
tist and actor, III. 147. 

Boudiee'a : aee Boadioea. 

BocDiifoT, Elias [boo'-de-not], American pa- 
triot, III. 148. 

BouET-WiLLADMEZ, LouJs EdoTjard, count de 
[bwa-ve-ljo-mS], French naval officer. III. 
148. 

BouPAEiK [boo -fa-reek'], town of Algeria, III. 
148. 

BoTTFFi, Marie [boo-fa], French comedian. III, 
148. 

BooFiEES, Louis Frangoia, marquis and dnke 
de [boo-flairj, French aoldier, III. 148. 

BouTLBRa, Stanislas, marquis de, French author, 
III. 149. 

BoTTPLBBa-RoiTTBEL, Marie Charlotte Hippo- 
lyte, countess de. III. 149, Countess AmSlie 
de Bouflers, 1 b, 

BoBOAiNTiLLE, Louis Antoine de [boo-ga**- 
veel], French soldier and navigator, III. 149. 

BoTTOHTON, George H. [bow'-tnn], American 
painter. III. 149, 

BoTTGiAH [boo'-je-a], town of Algeria, III. 150. 



EOtJlirTY 



110 



Bougie [boo-zb6] ; see Bougiah. 

BouauER, Pierre [boo-gair], French physicist, 
III. 150 ; YI. 356, 2 a. 

BouGUEKEAO, Gnillaume Adolphe [boo-gro], 
French painter, III. 150. 

BouiLii;, Francois Claude Amour, marquis de 
[ddh boo-ya], French general. III. 150. 

BoTjiLLET, Marie Nicolas [boo-ya], French met- 
aphysician and eneyclopsodist. III, 150. 

Bou^iLLiEE, Francisque [boo-ya], French phi- 
losopher, III, 151, 

BouiLLOs [boo-yo°'], town of Belgium, III, 151 
(ill.). Dukes of, 1 c. Prince of, 2 a. Mort- 
gaged to the bishop of Li6ge, 1 c, 3 b. 

Bouillon, Godfrey de, the hero of the firat 
crusade, III. 151. Baldwin I., king of Jeru- 
salem, 152, 1 ab ; II, 238, 1 c. 

Bouillon, Henri de la Tour d'Auvergne, duke 
de. III. 152. Frfid^ric Maurice de la Tour 
d'Auvergne, duke de, 1 c, 

BouiLLT, Jean Nicolaa [boo-ye], French drama- 
tist and Eoveliat, III. 152. 

BouLAQTViLLiEEa, Henri, count de [boo-!ii°'-ve- 
ya], French historian, IH. 152. 

Boulah: aee Boolak, 

Boulard [boo-lar], bibliomaniac, II. 622, 1 c. 

EouLDBK [bolo'-der], county. III. 153, 

Boulder City, comity seat. III. 152, 3 b. 

BouLDERB ; see BowLOEsa, 

Bo0Lfi, Theodore [boo-la], French publisher, 
III. 152, 

Bowie [boo'-le], senate of ancient Athens, II. 
65, 1 a. Legislature of modern Greece, 
VIII. 206, 2 ab. 

Bouleuterion, Delphian council house, V. 785, 
2 b. 

Boulevards of Paris [Fr. bool-var], XIII. 79, 
1 c, ff. 

BouLLONGNE, Louis [boo-lCnj'], French paint- 
er, IIL 152. Bon. painter, 153, 1 a. Louis 
de, painter, ib. Genevieve and Madeleine, 
painters, 2 a. 

Boulogne-scr-Mer [boo-lony'-siir-mair], town 
of France, III. 163 (ill.). Boulogne-sar- 
Seine [-sOr-saiu], village, 154, 1 ab, Bois de 
Boulogne, 1 b. 

Boulter, Hugh [bole'-ter], English prelate, III. 
154. 

Bocltos, Matthew, English mechanician, III, 
154, 

Bou Maza [boo ma'-za], Arab chief, IH. 164. 

Bouncing Bet, plant, XV. 138, 2 a. 

Bounty, mutiny o£ the crew of the, II, 712, 
1 a ; Xin. 546, 1 c. 



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120 



BOUQUET 



it-green, plant, X. 744, 3 e. 

Bauquetin [book-tA'*], Swiss name of the ibex, 
IX. 142, 2 e. 

Bouquet ofieine [boo-kfi], XVI. 666, 3 c. 

BouBBAKi, Charles Denis Sauter [boor-b^'-ke], 
French soldier. III. 154. 

BoOHEOif [bur'-buB], two counties, III. IBS. 

Bourbon [boor-bO"*], island : aee Efiusiotf. 

BounnoN, French ducal and royal family. III. 
155.— Ducal family, 2 ab. Louis II., 3 b. 
Jean I., 2 c. Charles I., connt of Clermont, 
2 c. Jean II., 156, 1 a. Charles, constable 
de Bourbon, I ab. — Eoyal dynasties of Bour- 
bon : France, 156, 1 e ; Spain, 2 c ; Naples, 
iS. ; Parma, 157, 1 a. 

BO0HBON, Louis Henri, duke of, III, 157. 

BonRBOK, Lonia Henri Joseph, duke of, prince 
of Cond*, III. 157. 

BouEBoN-LiNCT [boor-bo°'-I5"'-se], watering 
place of France, III, 157. 

BorHBOK-n'AEcnAMBAuLT [-lftr-Eb&°'-bo], town 
of France, IIL 157; 165, 2 ab. 

BorHBoSNAia [boor-bun-na], province of 
France, IH. 157. 

Bourbonsb-leb-Bains [boov-bun-la-bS"'], town 
of France, IH. 157. 

Boubbon-Vbnd6b : see Na polios'- Vendee. 

BocHDALOuB, Louis [boor-dJl-loo], French prel- 
ate and pulpit orator, III. 157. 

BoTTiiDEiLLKB [thoor-day'] ; see Beant6mb, III. 
Sn, 2 c Andr6 de, 212, 1 c. 

Bourdeht [boord-ls], physician and favorite 
of Queen OhrisUna, IV. 548, 2 c. 

BotTEDiiT, Maarice [boor-da°'], antipopo aa 
Gregory VIIL, HI. 158. 

BorEDON, Louis Pierre Marie [boor-do°'], 
French mathematician, IH. 158. 

BonEDos, Sfibastien, French painter, HI. 158. 

BorEQ [boor], town of France, IH. 158. 

Bonns, Anne du, French Protestant martyr, 
HI. 158. 

BocHciAnE, Frangofa [boor-gM], French prieat 
and oi-ientalist, III, 168. 

BouROELAT, Olande [boorzh-U], French vet- 
erinary aiii'geon, IH. 158. School estab- 
liahed by him, ii., and I. 298, I a. 

Bourg-enrBTe»»e [boor-gfi™-bress] ; see Botjeo. 

BouEOEOiB, Anicct; see Akicet-Bocroeois. 

BorsGEOis, Dominique Franpoia [boor-zhw^], 
French inventor. III. 158. 

BoTTEGES [boorzh], town of France, HI. 159. 
Cathedral of St. fitienne, 1 c (ill.). Prag- 
matic sanction of Bourges, 2 a. 

Bourgee, counts of, II. 581, 1 c. 



BOUWEEY 

BouTgogw! [boor-gOny'] : see Buegundt. 
Bourguignon [boor-ghe-nj(i°'J, his manufactory 

of gems, VII. 665, 2 a. 
BouEiGSON, Antoinette [boo-rg-nyo"*], French 

fanatic. III. 1S9. 
BoTJEMosT, Louis Angusto Victor de GhHisne, 

count de [dfih boor-mo"], French soldier, 

IH. 159. Expedition to Algeria, I. 806, 1 o. 
Bourse, Hugh [boom], English clergyman, 

in. 160. 
BouENB, Vincent, English poet. III. 160. 
Souro : see Booho. 
BooEBiESNE, Louis Antoioc Fauvelet de [boor- 

re-6n], private secretary of Napoleon, III. 

160. 
BotRRiT, Marc Th6odoro [boor-re], Swiss artist 

and author. III. 160. 
BouEaATTLT, Edme [boor-so], French author, 

HI. 161. 
Bourse [boors], stock exchange, VII. 21, 1 a; 

of Antwerp, 3 a. See Sxooe EscaAKOE, 

XV. 888, 3 ho. 
BorsaiNOATTLT, Jean Baptiste Joseph Dieu- 

donnS [hoo-8a"'-g6], French chemist, HI. 

161. Experiments on fattening of animals, 

L 119, 1 c, 3 a; in feeding fowls, 816, 1 ah. 

His devotion to agricultural chemistry, I. 

200, 1 a. Ascent of Chiraboraao, IV. 437, 

la. 
Bovmngaul'tm (botany), XIII. 509, 1 b. 
Boy strophe don, ancient mode of writing, VIII. 

735, 3c;XVL740, 1 a. 
BimUfeux [boot-ffib], incendiaries, VII. 210, 2 a. 
BouteilUr, Sophie de [boo-ta-ya], Madame De- 

saolx : see Browne, Henrietto. 
BouTEEWEK, Friedrich [boo'-ter-vek], German 

metaphysician and teatheticist, HI. 101. 
BoniEviij-E, Frangois.de Montmorency, 

gneur de [dflh boot-veel], French duellist, 

HI. 181. 
Bouta TimSs [boo re-ma], blank sonnets, XV. 

164, 2 a. 
Bottt'weh, George Sewall, American states- 
man, HI. 162. 
BoDvART, Alexis [hoo-var], Swiss astronomer, 
. in. 163. 
BoDVET, Joachim [boo-vS], French Jesuit 

sionary. III. 162. 
BouviER, John [boo-veer' ; Fr. boo-vya], Amer- 
ican jurist, III. 163, Hannah M., astronom- 
ical writer, 3 c, 
J5o!«'in^ [boo-veen]: see Bo vines, 
Bouwery, the dammie^t, farm in New York, 

II. 780, 1 c. 



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BOVES 

BovKS, Jo86 Tomas [ho'-vace], Spanish Amer- 
ican military adventurer, III. 162. 

Bovey coal, III. 344, 1 b. 

BoTiNBS [bo-veen], village of France, and bat- 
tles at, ni. 163. 

BoviNO [bo-ve'-no], town of Italy, III. 163. 

BoHnurrt : see Bovino. 

Boviata gigantea, fnngus, I. 510, 3 o. 

Bow : see Aeoheby. 

Bow and Arrow castle, SIII. 730, 1 c. 

Bow bellSf London, X. 698, 1 c. 

Bow'diou, Thomas Edward, English traveller, 
III. 163. 

BowBiTon, Nathaniel, American mathemati- 
cian, III. 163. His " Navigator " and " Use- 
ful Tables," X. 5T8, 1 b. 

Bownorr, James [bo'-dwin], governor of Mas- 
sachusetts, III, 164. James, benefactor of 
Bowdoin college, 1 b. 

BOWDOIN COLLEOE, III. 164. 

BowBN, Francis [bo'-en], American author. III. 
165. His treatise on logic, X. BS2, 1 b. On 
the English school of political economy, 

snr. err, i c. 

Bow'eb Bird, III. 165, Satin bower bird, 2 c 
(ill., 166). Greensatinbird, 166, 2 a. Spot- 
ted bower bird, 2 b. Great bower bird, 2 be. 

Bowery, the, in New York, origin of name, 
XV. 433, 3 c. 

Bm^n [bo'-fin], fish, Xn. 26, 1 a. 

Bowie [boo'-e], connty. III. 166. 

Bowie, Colonei I. 386, 2 a (Alamo). 

Bowlder clay, VI. Ill, 2 be and c. 

Bowl'ders, HI. 167. SeeDrLTryrnM,Tr. Ill, 1 

Bowler, in the game of crietet, V. 482, 2 ab. 

BowLEB, Caroline [boalz] : see SorniEY, XV. 
201, 1 b. 

Bowles, Samuel, American journalist. III. 167. 
pied 1878.) 

Bowles, William Augustus, American adven- 
turer, HI. 167. 

Bowles, William Lisle, English poet, HI. 167. 

Bowline [bo'-lin] : see Ship, XIV. 8H5, 2 b. 

BowLiNO [ho'-ling], game. III. 168. Ancient 
game of bowls, 1 b; bowling green, iS. 
Modern game of tenpins, 2 a. 

Bowling crease, in the game of cricket, V. 483, 
1 b (diagram). 

BowLiNo Geees, town of Kentncky, HI, 

Bowling Green, connty seats, IV. 14, 2 b; 
Ic; XIII. 512, lb. 

Bowling Green, ornamental park in New York, 
HI. 168, 1 c. Origin of the name, ii. 

Bowls, game of : see Bowlihg. 



BOYLE 



121 



], American 



Bowman, Thomas, D. D. [bo'-i 

clergyman, HI. 169. 
BowBiNG,.Sir John [bow'-ring], English states- 
man and author, III. 109. His acquaintance 

with Jeremy Bentham, II. 538, 1 a, e, 2 a. 
Bowsprit [bo'-sprit] : see Snip, XIV. 865, 1 c. 

Bowsprit shrouds, 2 a. 
BowTBE, William [bo'-yer], English printer 

and scholar, HI. 169. 
Bos, tree. III. 169 (ill.). Leaves and fruit (ill.), 

170. Dwarf bos, 169, 2 c. Box wood, ib. 

Majorca box, 170, 1 b. Medical use, 1 c. 
Boxberry, plant, XVI. 674, 3 ab. 
Bos Elder, county, HI. 170, 
Box elder, tree, XI. 141, I a. 
Boxiana, records of the prize ring, I. 448, 2 c ; 

book, XIII. 77, I a. 
Boxiso: see Pugilism. 
Box wood: see Bos, III. 169, 3 c. 
BoTAoi [bo-ya-kS'], state of Colombia, III, 170. 

Town, 3 c. 
BoYAR, or Boiar [ho-jar'], Slavic title, IH. 170. 

Treatment of the boyars by the czar Alexis, 

Boyavx [bwfi-yO] : see Siege, XV. 29, I be. 

BoYCE, Hector r see BoEthids, IL 778. 

BoTCB, William, English composer, HI. 171. 

Boyd, county, HI. 171. 

BoTD, Andrew Kennedy Hutchison, D. D.. 
Scottish author, HI. 171. 

Boyd, John Parker, American soldier, III. 171. 

Boyd, Mark Alexander, Scottish scholar and 
soldier, IH. 171. 

Boyd, Sir Thomas, earl of Arran, I. 763, 3 c. 

Boyd, Zachary, Scottish divine, III. 172. 

Boy'dell, John, Englisli engraver and print 
publisher, HI. 172. American edition of his 
illustrations of Shakespeare, 1 c. 

Boydton, county seat, XI, 330, 3 o. 

Bot'eh, Abel [Fr. bwfl-ya], English historian 
and lexicographer. III. 173. His French- 
English dictionary and grammar, 3 ab. 

Boyer, Alexis, baron, French surgeon, IIL 172. 

Boyer, Christine Meanore, first wife of Lucien 
Bonaparte, III. 84, 2 be. 

Boyeb, Jean Pierre, president of Hayti, HI. 
172 ; VIII. 552, 3 a. 

Boyltood and girlhood, period of, I. 180, 3 c. 

Boylb, county. III. 173. 

Boyle, town, &c., of Ireland, III. 173. " An- 
nals of Boyle," 1 b. 

Boyle, G. B., his observations on the moon, 
SI. 800, 1 a. 

Boylb, Eichard, earl of Cork, English poli- 



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122 BOYLE 

tician, III. 173. — Eoger, statesman and au- 
thor, 2 a. — Robert, natural philosopher aud 
philanthropist, 3 ah. His definition of the 
chemical elementa, IV. 359, 3 be; of acids 
and alkalies, 2 c. Bojle's and Mariotte'a law 
(pneumatic), VI. 491, 1 c, and XHI. 628, 2 h. 
His henefactions to Harvard and William and 
Mary colleges, XVI. 634, 3 c.— Charles, earl 
of Orrery, III. IH, 1 b. His dispute with 
Bentley, II. 540, 2 a.— John, earl of Orrery 
and of Cork, III. 174, 1 c. 

Soyle lecPuTe^Mp, II. 640, 3 a. 

BoYtBTOif, Zabdiel, American physician. III. 
174. Introduces inoculation for smallpox, 
2 a; 137, 3 a. 

BoYNB, river of Irelnnd, HI. 174. " Boyne of 
science," 2 b. Battle of the Boyne, 2 he; 
VI. 264, 1 c. 

Soys: sceBoYBE. 

BoTSE, John, English theologian. III. 174. 

Soz, Dickens's eariy signature, VI. 88, 1 b. 

BozMAN, John Leeds, American historian and 
jnrist, HI. 174. 

BozBiH, ruined city of Syria, III. 175 (ill.) ; 
VI. 410, 1 a. 

Bo^u (bonze), IX. 539, 1 b. 

Bozzab'is, Marco (properly Marcos Bot'zaris), 
Greek patriot, HI. 175. Demetrius, 176, 1 a. 

Bba [brS], town of Piedmont, lU. 176. 

Braaie [br^'-kgh] : see Bbakb. 

Bbababt, Dachy of [bra-bflnfj, III. 176. North 
Brabant, province of the Netheriands, 2 a. 
Sonth Brabant, 2 h. 

Bradara Augiata, ancient city: see Bbaoa. 

Bbaociolini [br4t-cho-le'-ne] : see Poeoio. 

Brace, in ships, XIV. 686, 2 h. 

Bbace, Charles Loring, American clergyman 
and author, HI. 176. 

Bhacb, Julia, American blind deaf mute, HI. 
177. 

Sraehettcme [brS-ket-to'-na], nickname, XVI. 
408, 1 a. 

Brachialplexm [brSi'-e-al], XII. 233, 3 a. 

Braekinus crep'Uana [bra-fci'-nus], (entomol- 
ogy), II. 476, 1 a (ill). 

Bbaohiopoda [brttk-e-op'-o-da], bivalves, IH. 
177 (ills.). Structure of, V. 201, 1 a; XL 
726, 1 b. 

Braehioyion'gia, fossil sponge, XV. 283, 2 b. 

BwH;%(;epA'a(»,divisionof mankind,VI.756,2a. 

Brachyo'tut GasH'ni (ornithology), XII. 754, 
1 b. B. palustris, 2 c. 

Braeh^ham'phm (ornithology), VIII. SIO, 1 
be. B. marmoratns, 1 o. 



Braehys'toehrone (cycloid), V. 605, 2 ab. 

(zoology), XI. 753, 1 a. 
Bbaokeb, county, IH. 178. 
Bsack'bnbidgb, Hngh Henry, American jndge 
and author. III. 178. Henry M., lawyer, 
diplomatist, and author, 2 b. 

',m, in iron ship building, S. 



Brackett; Edwin E., American sculptor, HI. 

179. Walter M., punter, 1 a. 
BracM^, Viaeoant: see Egeetos, Thomas. 
m'aet, floral leaf, XIII. 584, 2 a; 685, 3 b. 
Bbactos, Henry do, chief justice of England, 

III. 179. His treatise on English laws and 

customs, V. 150, 1 b. 
Brad awl. III. 98, 2 b (ill.). 
ISBADBUBif, Samuel, English clergyman, IH. 179. 
BKADDOofe, Edward, English general, III. 179. 

See Lee, Richard Henry, X. 290, 2 b, and 

Washinbtoh, George, XVI. 485, 1 a. 
Bbaddon, Mary Elizabeth, English novelist, 

in. 179. 
Bbadfoed, two counties, IH. 179. 
Bradfohd, town of England, HI. 179. Town 

hall, 180, 1 a (ill., 179). 
Bbadfoed, Alden, American author, III. 180. 
BBAnroHD, John, English martyr, III. 180. 
Beaufoed, William, governor of Pfymouth 

colony, IH, 180. 
Beadfoed, William, American printer. III. 

180. Andrew, printer, 3 b. Thomas, pub- 
lisher, 3 be. 

Bbadfohd, William, American lawyer, III. 180. 

Beadford, William, American painter, HI. 180. 

Bradley, two counties, HI. 181. 

Beadlet, James, English astronomer. III. 181. 

BRADsnAW, John, English regicide, IH. 181. 

Bradstbbbt, Anne, American poetess, III. 181. 

Bhaiistrket, John, English general, HI. 181. 

Beadstbeet, Simon, governor of Massachu- 
setts, IH. 183. 

Bradsteeet, Simon, American clergyman, HI. 
183. 

Bbad'waedht, Thomas ("the profound doe- 
tor"), English theologian, III. 183. 

Bea'dt, James Topham, American lawyer, IH. 
182. 

Brady, Nicholas, English divine, HI. 183. 
See Tatk, Nahnm. 

Brad'ypus (zoology), XV. 107, 1 be. B. tri- 
dactylus, 3 c (iH., 108). B. didactyliis, 
1 b (ill.). 

Bbao, game at cards, HI. 189. 

BfiAGA [brfi'-ga], city of Portugal, in. 183. 



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BEAGAN5A 

Bbagauca [bra-giin'-sa], town of Portugal, III. 

183. 
BiiiGANOA, House of, III. 183. 
Bragama: see Braganqa, 
Braoo, Braxton, American general, III. 183. 
Bragi [brA'-ghe], Scandinayian deity, XII. 120, 

1 b. Allusion to, VI. 400, 1 a. 
Bra'ham, John, English singer. III. 183. Au- 
gustus, singer, 184, 1 a. 
Bbahe, Tycho do [te'-ko dSh brA, Dan. brS'- 

Sh], Danish astronomer. III. 184. Hia sjs- 

tera of astronomy, 3 he ; II. 44, 2 c, ff. 
BraMlm) [hrfl-e-lov'] ; see Bisaila. 
Brahma [bra' -ma], in tlie Hindoo religion. III. 

184; IX. 226, lb. 
Brahman : see BnAnitA, 
Brahmana : see Beauma. 
Br&hmana period, in Indian literature, IX. 

222, 2 c. 
Brahmanam: see Bkahma, III. 185, 1 b. 
Brdhmanae, IX. 322, I c, 3 b ; XVI. 280, 1 b. 
BrahToanaepati, Hindoo lord of prayer, IX. 

224, 2 c. 
BraJtman htU, IV. 138, 1 o. See Zebit. 
&\ih}naniam : see Bkahma, and IX. 228, 1 o, ff. 
Brahmam, Hindoo easto, IX. 206, 2 c; 213, 2 

b and c; 225, 2 a and c; 227, 1 a andb; 

S30, 2 be ; 231, 1 a and ab. See VIII. 356, 

1 a (Gymsosophists). 
Bsahmapoo'tra, river of India, III. 185 ; VIII. 

T30, 1 b. 

Brakmapootra fowls, IV. 780, 2 ab ; T83, 1 h. 

Brahmia: see Bhahua. 

Brahmmam: see ^aAmii»z»m (Index). 

Brahm6 SomSj, religious society of India, IX. 
331, lb; XL 647, 1 o. 

Bbahms, Johannes [br^mss], German pianiat 
and composer, III. 185. 

Brahoaem, people of Beloochistan, II. 510, 
2o; IX, 214, 3 be. 

Braid, Mr., student of animal magnetism, I. 
527, 1 ah. 

BGAinwooD, Thomas, British teacher of deaf 
and dnmb. III. 185; V. 781, 2 c, ff. 

Beaila [bri'-Ia], town of Eoumania, HI. 185. 

Beaillb, Louis [hrfty'J, French teacher of the 
blind, III. 196. His system of writing, 2 h, 
and ir. 730, 1 a (ill.). 

Braiw, III. 186. Brain substance, 1 c. Mem- 
branes, 187, 3 0. Size, 188, 3 c. Anatomy, 
189, 1 h ; medulla oblongata, 1 c ; cerebel- 
lum, 190, 1 a; cerebral hemiapheres, 191, 

2 a; blood vessels, 193, 1 b; nerves, S b: 
see Nertoot System, XII. 234, 3 b (ill.). 



BEANCHmG 



123 



The brain during sleep, HI. 194, 2 b. In- 
stinctive propensities, 2 e. Somnambulism, 
195, 1 c. Comparison of vertebrate brains, 
2 b. Owen's classification, 196, 1 a. Hlus- 
trations: nerve fibres, 187; nerve cells, ib.; 
brain enclosed in the dura mater, 188; pro- 
file view of human brain, 190 ; horizontal 
section, 191 ; cerebral hemispheres, ib. ; por- 
tion of right hemisphere, 192 ; brain viewed 
from below, 194. 

Beais, Diseases of the, HI. 196. Cerebral 
congestion, 1 c. Cerebral anemia, 197, 2 
be. Cerebral hfemorrhage, 199, 1 a. In- 
flammatory affections, 200, 1 h. Structural 
lesions, 2 a. Fnnctional disorders, 204, 1 o. 

BEAi'NAKn, Daniel, American surgeon, III. 205. 

Beainabd, John Gardiner Calltins, American 
poet, HI. 205. 

Beaihe-l'Allbttd, or Brain e-la-Leude [brain- 
U-liid], town of Belgium, III. 205. 

Beainb-le-Comte [-lah-kC't], town of Bel- 
gium, III. 205. 

Beainsed, David, American missionary, III. 
205. 

Beain'tkee, town of Massachusetts, IH. 205. 

Beakb [bra'-kCh], town of Germany, HI. 205. 

Brake, fern, VII. 150, 2 a. Common brake, 
2 c (ill.). 

Brake, for retarding the motion of wheels, 
III. 205. Creamer brake, 206, 1 be (ill.). 
Westinghouse compressed air brake, 2 a 
(ill.). Electric brake, 2 b. 

Brake of fite engine, VII. 211, 2 a. 

Beakenburo, Regner [bri'-ken-burg], Dutch 
painter, HI. 208. 

Bea'mah, Joseph, English enpneer. III, 206, 
His locks, 2 be, and X, 563, 1 he. 

BramaVi apparatits for mineral waten, SI. 
596, 2 ab. 

Beamastb d'Urbiso [hr&-mftn'-ta door-b6'- 
no], Italian architect, HI. 206, 

Bbambahan', town of Java, HI. 207, Great 
temple (ill.). 

Bramble, bush, III. 207 (iU.). 

Brambling, bird, VII. 190, 2 he (ill., 191). 

Bbam'hall, John, English divine, III. 208. 

Bean, III. 208, Ita properties as food, 1 c ; 
VIII, 46, 2 a; XVI. 688, 2 a and b. 

BrarModoro, Cardinal, referred to, II. 577, 1 c, 

Bbanoaleonb, Dandolo [brSn-kHa-O'-na], Ital- 
ian statesman, III. 208, 

Branch, county. III, 208. 

Branohm, in siege approaches, XV. 29, 1 bo. 

Branching coral, V. 340, 1 b (ill.). 



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12i 



BEANCHIOPODA 



BBANCmopOBA [brang-ke-op'-o-da], (cnistacea), 

m. 209. 
Bran'cMpwi atagna'lis (erustaeea), V. B38, 2 ab. 
Bkanco, Eio, river of Brazil, III, 209. 
Brattdajnar'te, character in tJie " Orlando Iii- 

namorato," VII. 63, 2 c. 
Sranda'nus, Saint : see Bekndah. 
Bbande, William Thomas, English chemist, III. 

209, His theory of storms, IX. 80, 2 b. 
Bbandenbuko- [bran'-den-boorg], province of 

Prussia, III. 209. History, 3 a. Town, 

210, 1 a. Origin of the name, ib. 

Brandemfmrg, Fort, I. 210, 2 be (Ahanta). 

J^andeaburff gate, in Berlin, II. 663, 2 a. 

Bban'dis, Christian August, German philoso- 
pher, III. 310. 

Brandon, county seat, SIV. 201, 2 c. 
Bkabdy, III. 210. Trench brandies, 1 c, 2 c ; 

adulteration and imitations of, 2 ab, and I. 

133, 3 0. Strength and grades of Jronch 

brandy. III. 210, 2 c. Bouroe of its aroma, 

VI. T48, 2 ab. 
Bbandtwinb Creek, HI. 211. Battle of, ib., 

and X. S5, 2 h. 
Bbaneoki, Tranciszek Xawery [brS-nets'-ke], 

Polish statesman, III. 311. 
Braniior, castle. III. 210, 1 a. 
Bramicki, F. X. [br^nits'-ke] ; see Bbakecki. 
Beanioki, Jan Elemens, Pohsh statesman. III. 

211. 
Brankg: see Mumps. 

Branksome towm; Scotland, Till. 530, 1 ab. 
Bbast, county of Canada, III. 211. 
BuAKT, Joseph, Mohawk chief. III. 211. Prayer 

book and Gospel of Mark published by him 

in Mohawk, 1 b. Not a participant in the 

massacre of Wyoming, XTI. 753, 2 a. His 

son, III. 211, 2 be. 
BnASTFonn, town of Canada, III. 311. 
Bbant Goosb : see Goose, VIII. lOT, 1 b (ill.). 
Bbant6me, Pierre Bonrdeilles, seigneur do 

I'abbaye de [brfi""-tome], French historian, 

III. 211. Andr6 de Bourdeilles, soldier and 

diplomatist, 212, 1 c. 
Bbaoubzeo, I. E. [brS-wa-zek], French explorer, 

III. 213. 
Bhascassat, Jacques Eaymond [brS-kas-sa], 

French painter. III. 212. 
Braaehi, Giammgelo [hr^'-ke], (Pope Pius VI.), 

SIII. 559, 1 c. 
Bra» defer [brk nth fair], sobriquet of La Woue, 

X. 164, 1 b. 
Brme'nia pelta'ta (botany), XVT. SOS, 1 c (ill.). 
Bbas'idas, Spartan leader. III. 212. 



BRAZIL 

Braaqued crucible [braakt], II. 28, 2 c. 

Bbass, III. 213. Composition of various alloys 

(table), 213, 2 be. Brass solder, 214, 1 a. 
Bbassecb db Boubbobeo, Charles Etienne, ab- 

bfi [hras-silr dtth boor-boor], French traveUer 

and archie ologist. III. 314. 
Beasbet, Thomas, English railway contractor, 

III. 214. His sons, members of parliament. 



t (botany), XII. 105, I a (ill.). B. alba 
and B. nigra, 1 ab. B. oleracea, III. S3, 
1 ah; 523, 1 c. B. oleracea botrytis, IV. 
137, 2 ab {ill.}. B. campestris, var. rapa, 
XIV. 204, a ho CJ]-, 205); var. napa, XVI. 
74, 1 c (ill.). B. carapestris oleifera, XIV. 
205, 1 c. 

Brath'inadte, Mr., his application of steam to 
the fire engine, VIL 211, 1 c. 

Bbatti.e, Thomas, American merchant, HI. 
214. 

Beattlebobo, town of Vermont, HI. 214. 

Bbaits, August Erail [brown], German archie- 
ologist, HI. 214. 

Bhacs, Johann Wilhelm Joseph, German the- 
ologian, HL 214. 

Braunav. [brow'-now], Bohemia (ill.), II. 784. 

BniusBBEEO [brownss'-pairg], town of Prus- 
sia, IH. 215. 

BraunsehiBeig [brown'-shwrh], Germany: see 
Brunswick. 

BiiAUWEB, Adrian [brow'-er], Dutch painter, 
IH, 215. 

Bjiavo, Nicolas [br^'-vo], Mexican soldier and 
statesman, IH, 215. 

Bbato Mtjbillo, Juan [moo-re'-Iyo], Spanish 
statesman, HI. 216. 

Beaxtos, county, HI. 215. 

Bhaxton, Carter, a signer of the Declaration 
of Independence, HI, 215. 

Braxy, disease of sheep, XII. CO, 2 c. 

Bray, voice of the ass, XI, 78, 1 a. 

Bbat, parish of England, HI. 216. Vicar of 
Bray, I a. 

Bray, Anna Eliza, English authoress, HI. 216. 

BfiAY, Thomas, English clergyman and philan- 
thropist, III. 216. 

Brayera (botany), II. 287, 1 b. 

Braying, cry of the buck, VII, 75, 2 a. 

Brazen age (arehteology), I. 185, 2 c. 

Brazen bull of PMlaris, XHI. 879, 2 c ; re- 
ferred to, X, 407, 1 h. 

Brmen lizard (ill.), IV. SaY, 2 a. 

Brazil', empire of South America, III. 216. 
Area and divisions, 2 a. Population, 2 c. 



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BEAZILETTO 

Aborigines, 217, 1 a. Slavery, 3 ab. Coast, 
318, 1 ab. Surface, 1 c. Eirers, 319, 3 
Lakea, 220, 2 o. Geology, 221, 1 a. Mi 
erals, S a. Fossil reiaaina, 333, 2 c. Cli- 
mate, 223, 1 a. Soii and vegetation, I be. 
Zoology, 225, 1 a. Agricnlture, 22S, 
Manufactnres, 3 c. Exports, 32T, 3 a. 
temfj oominunicatioa, 328, 1 bo. Govern- 
ment, 229, 1 b. Army and navy, 2 ab. 
nanoes, 3 be. Education, 330, 1 c. ] 
gion, 2 c. History, 231, 1 a. First discov- 
ery of, VII. 605, 1 b. Literatnre: see ~ 
TDOiL, Language and Literature of, XIII. 
744, 1 c. 

BrasiUttB wood. III. 333, 2 c. 

Brazilian, arrowroot, IV, 63, 3 b. 

Braiilian hreadfruit, III. 234, 1 c. 

Brazilian p^llea, SIV. 131, 3 o ; XV. 338, 1 c. 

Braziline [braa'-e-lin], dye, III. 233, 1 be. 

Brazil St:t, HI. 333 (ill.). 

BsAzn, Wood, HI. 232 (ill., 383), and 333, 3 a. 

Beaziso, union of metals by hard solder. III. 

Bhazo'bia, county, III. 233. 

Bbazos [br5s'-us ; Sp. br&'-sooe], I'iver of Tesas, 

III. 233. 
Brazos, county, III. 334. 
Bnizos DK Santiaoo [san-te-^'-go], Tesan port 

of entry, III. 334. 
Bbazza [bcSt'-sa], island of Dalraatia, III. 234. 
Bebad: see Aliment, I. 316, 3 ab. Graham 

bread, VIII. 143, I a; XVI. 588, 2 a. New 

England brown bread, XIV. 604, 1 c. 
Bread and ckeese hoys^ tlie, XIII. 31 5, 1 b. 
Bkeadfruit, III. 334. Breadfruit tree, 1 b 

(ill..). 

Break [brake], instrument for retarding mo- 
tion : see Bbaee. Machine for breaking 
hemp, VIII. 632, 2 a. 

BreaUonef^er, VI. 8, 1 bo. 

Breahera, in coal mining, V. 67, 3 c. 

Breahing, in vocal elements, 1. 503, 3 a ; 503, 1 c. 

BreaHng of flax, VII. 364, 3 c. 

BreaUng frame, for wool, XVI. 731, 1 b. 

BreaMng load, in tests of strength, how mea- 
sured, XV. 416. 1 a. 

.BreiiS-jwmfa, in lighthouse building, X. 461, lb. 
ci, bill on the Hudson, IX. 30, 1 a. 
'.ar, Nieholaa (Pope Adrian IV.), 1. 131, 

2 b. His birthplace, 10, 1 b. His visit to 
Norway, XII. 510, 3 c. 

Behakwatkh, III. 334. Of Cherbourg harbor, 
235, 1 b (section, 286); at Plyraouth, 286, 

3 b (section); at Dover, 337, 1 c (section); 



BREGESZEE 



125 



at Portland, 237, 3 a ; of Delaware bay, 338, 
1 ab (section) ; on the northern lakes, 239, 
1 c. Principle of construction, 2 b. At Al- 
giers, V. 209, 3 b. 

Bkbam, fish, in. 339. American bream, 1 c 
(ill., 340); European breams, 340, le. Carp 
bream, 3 a (ill.). 

Briant, M. [bra-a°^, his discovery of the In- 
dian process of making steel, V. 653, 1 c. 

Breatt hooTca, in ships, XIV. 863, 2 a. 

Breait roller, in cotton ginning, X. 630, 1 a. 

Breastviorh monitors, IS. 389, 2 b. 

Bheath : see Ebspiratiok. 

Bkeathitt [breth'-it], county. III. 340. 

Bj!2becf, Jean de [briih-biif], Jesuit missionary 
in Canada, III. 340. 

Beeo'cia [Ital. bret'-cha], compound rock. III. 
340. 

Beeohut [brek'-iii], royal burgh of Scotland, 
III. 341. Bound tower, 1 a. 

Break, meaning of, VII. 73, 1 b. 

Beeck'eneidob, county. III. 241. 

BiiKOKENRiDQE, John, D. D,, American clergy- 
man, III. 241. 

BEEcKEMEinoE, John Cabell, American politi- 
cian and soldier. III. 241. (Died 1875.) 

Bbeokenridob, Robert Jefferson, D. D., Amer- 
ican clergyman. III. 241. 

, county of Wales, III. 242. 
borough of Wales, III. 242. 

Brec'on: see Brecknock:. 

Beeda [bra'-da], town of the Netherlands, Til. 
342. Declaration of Breda, 3 c. Peace of 
Breda, ih. The compromise of Breda, 243, 
1 a, and VIII. 818, 3 c. 

Bebdbrode, Ilendrik van, count [bra'-dBh-ro- 
deh], Dutch patriot, III. 342. 

Bredewardine : see Brad waedin. 

Bbedow, Gabriel Gottfried [bra'-do], German 
historian. III, 343. 

Bredwardine : see Bradwaedis. 

Bk£b, Mathieu Ignace van [bril], Belgian paint- 
er, in, 343. Philippe Jacques van, painter, 
3 c. 

Breech-loader: see Eifls, XIV. 338, 1 a, ff.; 
FowuKG Piece, VII. 357, 2 b. 

Breech-loading cannon, I. 792, 1 a, ff., 3 ab, e; 
793, lb; 794, 1 o. 

Breech piece, in cannon, I. 793, I b. 

Breech plug, in cannon, I. 793, 1 a. 

BsBEDE [bra'-d6h], river of S, Africa, III. 344. 

Breobnz [bra'-ghents], capital of Vornrlberg, 
III. 344 fill.). Lake of, 1 ab. 

maase [klow'-z6h], pass. III. 244, 1 a. 



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126 



BEEGENZER 



Brtgeazer WaW, [valt], mountain. III. 244, 1 a, 

BBfiecKT, Abraham Louis [bra-gS], Frencli 
wateiimaker, III. 244. Louis, phjaici&t, 1 c. 

Bbbum, Alfred Edmund [braim], Gtnnan nat- 
uralist and traveller. III. 244. Christian 
Ludwig, ornithologist, 3 a, 

Bre'hon [Irish, brSh'-hun.], ancient Irish judge, 
in. 2i4, 2 b. 

Bebhon Laws, of Ireland, III. 344. Their 
spirit, 245, 2 o. 

BreidaliHk [bri'-da-blik], in northern mythol- 
ogy, II. 237, 2 a. 

Bbbidbkbaoh, Bernhard von [bri'-den-ba'h], 
German priest, III. 246. 

Bbeisach, Alt [filt bri'-za'h], ton-n of Germany, 
III. 346 (ill.). Neu [noi], 247, 1 a. 

Bbbis&att [brice''gow], old division of Ger- 
many, III. 347. 

Bbbislak, Soipione [brice'-Mk], Italian geolo- 
gist, III. 247. 

BKEiTHiUPr, Joachim Justus [brite'-howpt], 
German clergyman. III. 247. 

Bbeitkopf, Johann Gottlob Immanuel [brite'- 
kupf], German painter. III. 247. 

Breigad [bra-zadj, Celtic language, IV. 1 77, 1 b. 

Breisii [bra-zcez] : see Gael, VII. 552, 1 b. 

Brellington: see BBTMiNQTorf. 

Bb&m'bn [Ger. bra'-men], free city of Germany, 
in. 347. Territory, 2 ab. Statue of Roland, 
248, 1 a Oil., 247). Council house, 347, I c 
(ill., 248). Bleikeller, vault preventing de- 
composition of the dead, ib. Wine cellar 
and casks, 248, 1 a. Llojd for northern 
Germany, 348, 1 be; see Lloyd's, X. 555, 
Sbc. 

Bremen blue (verditer), II. 757, 1 b. 

Brbm'ib, county. III. 249. 

Beemeb, Fredrika [bra'-mer], Swedish novel- 
ist, III. 249. 

Bremer Beitrage [bra'-mer bl'-tra-ghSh], Ger- 
man periodica], VII. 766, 1 bo ; 5III. 396, 3 e. 

Bbembbhafes, or Bremerhaven [bra'-mer-M- 
fen], town of Germany, III. 249. 

Bremiker'i Ugarifhmie tables, X. 578, 3 a. 

Ebkn'dan, Irish saint, TIL 349. 

Beenbbl, Franz, German writer on music, III. 
360. 

Brenhaia, county seat, XVI. 474, 3 b. 

Brenner, mountain of Tyrol, III. 350. Pass, 1 a. 

Breimibor, castle, in. 210, 1 a. 

Beennits, two Gallic warriors, IIL 350 ; IV. 
176, 3 a; XIV. 404, 1 a. 

Beekta, river of Italy, III. 250. 

Brentako, Clemens [bren-tA'-no], German 



BRETON 

poet and novelist. III. 350. " Mad as a Bren- 

tano," proverbial saying, 3 b. 
Bebnt'foed, town of England, III. 250. 
Bkestos, Edward Pelham, English naval 

officer. III. 351. 
Brentgcille, county seat, XIII, 844, 2 e. 
BrepliotropM'a, ancient foundling hospitals, 

VIL 347, 1 a. See 346, 2 b (Ppe^po^iov). 
Brera, the [bra'-ra], palace of science and art 

in Milan, XI. 533, 1 ab, 2 b. 
Brksohbt, Gilbert [bra-sha], French physician, 

IIL 351. 
Beksoia [bra'-sha], province of Italy, III. 251. 

Capital city, 2 ab OH.)- 
BRKSLA0 [bres'-low], city of Prussia, III. 252 

(ill.). Town haU (ill.), 353, 1 a. 
Breslau, Confemon of, VIL 736, 2 b. 
Bressani, Francesco Giuseppe [bres-s4'-ne], 

Italian missionary, III. 253. 
Bhessant, Jean Baptiste Prosper [bra-s&''], 

French actor, IIL 353. 
Bresson, Charles, count do [bra-so"'], French 

diplomatist. III. 253. 
Brest, town of France, III. 2o4 (ill.). 
Brest Litov'ski, town of Russia, HI. 355. 
Bretagne [briih-t^ny'] : see Brittany. 
Breteuil, Be [dfih brilh-tilhy'], French minister, 

n. B76, 1 c 
Bkethken, Bohemian ; see Bohemian BBEin- 



Plym 



Qth: i 



) Plymouth Bbeth- 



BRErnEEN, White, sect. III. 255. 
Brethren of the Bridge, reli^ons and philan- 
thropic society. III. 270, 3 b; 271, 1 ab. 
Brethren qf Charity, founded by Rosmini, 

XIV. 443, 2 a. 

Bketheen and Clerks op the Common Life, 
religious order, IIL 355; VIIL 263, 1 b; 

XV. 140, 1 a. Escollence of their schools, 
VL 418, 1 be. 

Brethken of thb OnmsTiiN Scuools, III. 355, 
Brethren of the Holt Tbisity, III. 256. 
Brethren and Sistbks of the Free Spirit : 

see Beghards, II. 478, 2 b. lieferred to, 

XL 730, 2 b. 
Britigny [hra-te-nyS], treaty of, IV. 385, 2 a. 
Breton, Jules Adolphe [briih-tO'"], French 

painter, IIL 256. 
Breton Language and Litbratcre : see 

Celts, Languages and Literature of the. 
Breton pecuants (ill.), IIL 800. 
Breton de los Herreros, Manuel [bra-tone' 

da loce air-ra'-roce], Spanish poet, III. 256. 



, Google 



BRETSCHNEIDEE 

BBErscHNEiDEK, Karf Gottlieb [bret'-shai-der], 

Germau theologian, III. 256. 
Bretmalda, title of the leading chief of the 

Anglo-Sasons, VI. fior, 1 he; 744, 2 he. 
Bebuohel, Pieter [hrilL'-ghel], Dutoh painter, 

III. 256. Pieter tlie yonnger, painter, 3 a. 

Jan (Velvet Breughel), painter, ib. 
Bbbvabd', connty. III. 35S. 
Srevia, writs (in law), XIII. 606, 2 c. 



BEIDGEWATER 



127 



BrbV 



', ni. '. 



Brevia teatata, in feudal law, X. 544, 1 ab. 

BitEwiNO, III. 267. Materials, 1 b. Malting, 
2 a. PreparatioQofthewort,259, 1 a. Fer- 
menting, 360, 3 b. Clarifying, 362, 1 c, 
Adalterations, 2 ab. 

Bebwsteb, Sir David, Scottish physicist. III. 
263. His theory of color, V. 96, 1 c ; 97, 1 a 
andb. His esperiments relating to fluores- 
cence, VII. 289, 2 be. His kaleidoscope, IX. 
785, 1 h. His observations on the solar spec- 
trnin, X. 441, 1 b. His discoveries in polari- 
zation, 44S, 1 a; 450, 1 o. Hia stereoscope, 
5V. 376, 3 a (ill.). 

Brewstee, William, elder of the Plymouth pil- 
giims,-III. 263. 

Brezeliande, forest of, seat of the fairies, VII. 
64, 1 b. 

Bbezn6 B^Nri [brez'-no bftn'-yaw] : see BeiES. 

Beialkont, Henri Alesis [bre-fll-mo°'], Belgian 
military writer, HI. 263. 

Brian Boec, Irish king. III, 363; IX, 336, 
2 ho. 

BniascoH [bro-fi-'-sO'"], town of France, III. 
264 (ID.). 

Brianfonnaw [bre4''"-sun-na], a district of 
France, III. 264, 1 c. 

Bbiah8k [hre-insk'], town of Euasia, HI. 264, 

Beia'eeus, m Greek mythology, III. 264. 

BaiBBKr, in law, III. 264, 

Briok, III. 265. Ancient bricks, 1 b, Dutch, 
Ac, 2 b. Brick clay, 2 c; analyses of, 266, 
1 bo; preparation of, 1 c. Brick burning, 
267, 1 a, Hoffmann's annular hrick furnace, 
a a (ill.). Brick machines, 268, 1 a. Color 
and size of bricks, 1 b. Floating bricks, 1 c. 
Fire briok, 3 ab. Bricklaying, 269, la; old 
English bond method, 1 b (ill.) ; Flemish 
bond, 1 (ill,), liilwaukee (cream-colored) 
brick, 268, 1 be; VIII. 151, 1 ab, 

BmoAisE, Jacques [bre-dain], French preacher 
and missionary. III. 269, 

Bride, Saint: see Bridokt, Saint. St. Bride's 
church, London, X. 598, 2 a. 

Bride eaU, V. 221, 3 c (C( 



^^ Brides," in lace making, X. 78, 1 c. 

Brideaell, prison in London, X, 611, 3 c. 

Beidoe, hi, 270, Bridge of Queen Nitocris at 
Babylon, 1 b, Bi'idges of ancient Rome, 1 c. 
Pons Sublicius, 1 c; 272, 2 b. Pons Sena- 
torius or Palatinus, 270, 3 ab (ill.). Medife- 
val bridges, 2 b. Old London bridge, 371, 
1 a (ill.). The Eialto, 1 c. Bridge of Pont-y- 
Prydd, ib. (ill.) ; of Neuilly, 3 ab (ill.). New- 
London bridge, 3 Q (ill.). Arches of bridges, 
372, 1 a. Wooden bridges, 3 b. Schaylfcill 
bridge, 2 (ill.). Lattice truss, 273, 1 b. 
Long's truss, 3 a, Howe's do., ii. Bridge at 
Havre de Grace, 3 b (ilL). Suspension bridges, 

1 c. Suspension bridge at Cincinnati, 374, 3 b 
(iil.); at Niagara, S b, XH, 417, 2 c; be- 
tween Few York and Brooklyn, III. 274, 1 o 
(ill., 375). Cast-iron bridges, 274, 2 c. 
Washington aqueduct bridge, 375, 1 c (ill.). 
Wrought-iron bridges, ill. Britannia bridge, 
3 ab (ill,). Viaduct bridge at Louisville, 
276, la(ilL). Latticegirder(ills.),iB. Fink's 
system, iS. Modified link trussed ^rder (ill,), 

2 a. St. Louis bridge, 1 b (ill., 277). Trass 
bridge at Eoek Island (ill.), zi. Old bridge 
at La Vieille Brioudo, fall of, 390, 3 b. 

Bmmib, Military, III, 377. Pontoons, 3 be. 
Pontoon train, 378, 1 c. Methods of con- 
struction, 2 a. 

Bbidoe, Natural, HI. 379. Natural bridge of 
Virginia, 1 a (ill); of Walker co., Alabama, 

2 c. Natural bridges in California, 280, 1 a. 
Bhido'bsd, town of Wales, III. 280. 
BsiDGENOETH, borough of England, III. 380. 
Bkidoepobt, city of Connecticut, HI. 280. 
Bridges, in a lever watch, IV. 703, 3 c. 
Bridge of Sighs, in Venice, XVI. 298, 1 a, 
Bridoet, Saint, of Ireland, HI, 280, 
Bridget, Saint, of Sweden: see Brigida, 
Beidqet, Sisters of Saint, HI. 280. 
Bbidoeton, city of S"ew Jersey, HI. 381. 
BBinoBTOwN, city of Barbadoes, HI. 281. 
Beidqewater, township of Massachusetts, III, 

281. Old Bridgewater, 1 c ; East, 2 a; North, 

3 b; West, 2 be. 

Beiiigbwatbe, seaport of England, HI, 281. 
Bridgewater, battle of, X. 730, 1 a. 
Bbidgbwatei!, Francis Egorton, duke of. III. 

383. 
Bridgewatke, Francis Henry Egerton, earl of, 

HI. 283. Originator of the " Bridgewater 

Treatises," 1 c, 
BridgewateT TreatUei, origin of, IH. 282, 1 o; 

authors of, 3 a. 



, Google 



Bkidgman, Laura, American blind deaf mnte, 

III. 382. 
Beidlinqton, parish of England, III. 283. 

Bridlington Quay, 3 a. 
BmDPOBT, seaport of England, HI, 283. Brid- 

port dagger, origin of the term, 2 be. 
Bma [bre], district of France, III. 383. 
Brief, III. 284. A writ, 1 a. Pontifical letter, 

1 ab (see Boll, Papal}. In modern law, 1 b. 
BBiEa [breeg], town of Prussia, III. 28i. 
Bkiel [breel], seaport of Holland, III. 284, 
BrulU [Fr. bre-Sl] : see Beikl. 
Beiehne, or Brienne-Ie-Ch^teau [bre-Bn-iab- 

sb4-to], town of France, III. 384. Military 

college of, 2 b (ill.). BatUe of,.j6. 
Brienne, GaulUer (fe, lord of Florence, VII. 

277, 3 a. 
Bkienz [bre'-ents], Lake of, III. 384. Village, 

385, 1 a. 



Bribe Oeeek, Georgia, battle of, III. 285. 
Brieraood pipes, XIIL 630, 1 a. See XV. 113, 

2 c. 
BeiBa [breece], town of Hungary, HI. 285. 
.BHff, a vessel, XIV. 855, 1 c. Brig of war, XIL 

188, 3 be. 
Brigade [bre-gaid'], I. 752, 2 b; XIV. 361, 2 c; 

in Germany, IX. 370, 1 b. 
Brigantea [bre-gan'-teez], ancient tribe of Brit- 

aiD, I. 575, 3 a. 
BrtgantiuTn^ name of two ancient towns : see 

Bbeqekz and Briahcos. 
Brigensit pagus, or mlt'oi, ancient name of 

Brie, III. 283, 3 c. 
Beiggb, Charles Frederick, American author 

and journaUst, III. 385. (Died 1878.) 
Briggg, Hsnry, his system of logarithms, X. 

577, 2 b. 
Beiqgs, Henry Perronet, English painter. III, 

285. 
BRionAM, Amariali [brig'-um], American phy- 
sician, III. 285. 
Brighain City, county seat. III. 170, 1 e. 
BBieni'Mii (botany), III. 285. B, inaignis, 2 be 

(ill.). 
Bright, Jacob, advocate of woman suffrage in 

the English parliament, XVI. 702, 1 ab. 
Bright, Jesse D., American senator, HI. 286. 
Bnionr, John, English statesman, III. 286. 

Opposition to the foreign conspiracy bill, 

1 c. Extension of the elective franchise, ii. 

Opponent of woman suffrage, XVI. 702, 1 b. 



Biiionr, Richard, English physician. III. 386. 

Beigetos, town of Massachusetts, III. 286. 

BEiGHTOtr, town of England, III. 286 ; view, 
287. 

Brigkt'a disease: see Albumihcbia ; Kidkkt, 
IX. 827, 3 c; and Beight, Richard. 

BniGiDA [bry'-e-da], Saint, of Sweden, III. 287. 
Her revelations, 2 c. 

Bbigittins, or Order of our Saviour, III. 388. 
Referred to, XI. 730, 2 ab (Monachism). 

Bbigsoles [bre-nyW], town of France, III. 288. 

Brihaspati, Hindoo god of prayer, IX. 224, 2 c. 

Beihuega [bre-wa'-ga], town of Spain, HI. 288. 

Beil, Paul, Flemish painter, HI. 288. 

BriU, town : see Briel. 

Brill, flsh, XVI. 45, 3 be. 

BBiLLAT-SAVAEiif, Anthelme [bre-yS-sS- va- 
ra"*], French author and magistrate, HI. 288 ; 
II. 288, 2 c. 

Brilliant fire, GMnete, in pyroteehny, XIV. 
117, 1 c. 

Brimgtme, XV. 457, 1 a. 

Brimttorie wood, X. 397, 3 be. 

Beindisi [brin'-de-ze], seaport of Italy, III. 288. 
Castle of, 2 ab (ill., 289). 

Beikdlet, James, English meclianic and engi- 
neer, in. 289. 

Being, in, 289. Natural, 1 b; XIV. 679, 1 b. 
Artificial, III. 389, 1 b; XHL 823, 2 b. 
Purification of. III. 389, 2 c; VI. 73, 3 e. 

Bririe worm, V. 633, 2 ab. 

BEruK'MANH, Karl Grustaf, Swedish diplomatist 
and poet, HI. 289. 

Bbinvillibes, Marie Marguerite d'Aubray, mar- 
chioness de [bra''-ve-lya], Erench poisoner, 
m. 290. 

Beios', Luis [bre-oan'], admiral of Colombia, 
HI 290: 8, 1 b, 3ab. 

Brian, Simon de [dtlh bre-o"*], (Pope Martin 
IV.), XL 208, 1 be. 

Brioudb [bre-ood], town of Eranoe, HI. 290. 
Fall of the bridge at La Vieille Brioude, 2 b. 

Beisaok [Fr. bre-K&k] : see Bbeisach. 

Beis'bane, connty of New South Wales, HI. 
290. Town, 3 c. 

Briteia [bri-se'-is], mistress of Achilles, L 64, 
2 b; IV. 561, 1 ab. 

&M^ott [briss'-gowj; see Breboau. 

Beisson, Mathurin Jacques [bre-sO""], French 
savant, HI. 291. His Omithologia, XIII. 
704, 2 0. 

Beisbot, Jean Pierre [bre-s6], French revolu- 
tionist, III. 391, Brissotins, 1 c. 

Brissotina [Fr. bre-so-ti"'] ; see Gieondists. 



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BEISTED 

Bbis'tbd, John, American clergyman, III, 301. 

Charles Astor, author, 2 a. (Died 1874.) 
Bristol, two counties, III. 291. 
BEI9T0L, town of Kho^e Island, III. 292. 

Mount Hope, 1 a. 
Bhistol, borough of Pennsjlvania, III, 292, 
Bbibtol, city of England, III. 292. Church of 

St. Mary Eedclifl, 298, 1 a (ill., 393). Guild- 

hall, ib. (ill.). 
Bristol Bhick, III. 393. 
BhIBTOL 0H4KSEL, III. 393, 

Brutol diamonds, VIII. 88, 1 be 

Brit, fish. III. 293 ; VIII. 697, 1 b. 

Bbitain, or Britannia, ancient name oi Great 
Britain, IK 298. 

Britan'nia : see BRiTiiff. 

Bmtankia Metal, III, 29i; I. 836, 1 c. Cora- 
poMtion of, I. S63, 2 a; XIII. 37T, 1 b. 

BioTAifHicris, son of the emperor Claudius, III. 
294; XII. 230, 2 ab. 

Bbitibh Aubrioa, III. 294. 

British American, pseadonyme, SI. 240, 2 b. 

SriUah atsociation for the advnncemeiit of sm- 
ence, I. 137, 1 b. 

Britiih iimd, so styled (of Indians), VII. 3G3, 
la. 

British Bttrmah: see BnnMAn, British. 

British Columbia, province of Cana<la, III. 
294. Population, 3 a. Coast line, ii. Phys- 
ical features, 2 b. Climate, 295, 1 b. Soil 
and productions, 1 o. Animals, 2 a. Miner- 
als and mining, 2 b. Exports, 29S, 1 ab. 
Government, 1 c. History, ib. 

British Empire, III. 296. In Europe, 1 c. In 
Asia, 397, 1 a. In Africa, 1 b. In America, 
ib. In Australasia, 1 c. Area and popula- 
tion, ii. 

British and foreign Bible toeietff, II. 614, 3 o ; 
615, 1 c. 

British Gum, III. 397, and 359, 1 c; VI. 6S, 
Ic, 

British influence, a party watchword, I. 93, 2 a. 

Britiih institute of uctuariei, X. 439, 1 a. 

British hittre, I. 557, 1 a. 

BarnsH Musbum, III. 297 (Ul.). Reading room, 
298, 1 a (ill.). Library, 1 c. Collection of 
antiquities, 299, 1 ab ; of natnral history, 1 c. 
Government, 3 ab, Enlea of admission, 3 be. 
Catalogue, 2 b. 

Britiih national galhry, II. 430, 1 c; X, 605, 
2o, 

British oU, IX. 811, 2 b. 

British orders in council, against French com- 
merce, T. 288, lb; II. 725, 1 b. Their effect 



BEOBEEIE 



129 



on. American comineroe, XVI. 1C3, 3 c. Ee- 
peal of the orders in relation to the rights of 
neutrals, X. 826, 1 e. See Berlin and Milan 
decrees (Index). 

British point, kind of lace, X, 79, 1 c, 

Brito, Richard, one of the assassins of Becket, 
II. 441, 2 b. 

Bkittany, former proyince of France, III. 299. 
Present divisions, 300, 1 a. Breton peasants 
(ill.), 1 b. History, 1 c. 

Brittle stars, star flsbes, VI. 387, 1 ab ; XII. 
644, I b. 

Beittos, John, English antiquary. III. 801. 
Britton club, 1 b. 

Brioa Iiara, ancient town : see Pontoise. 

Beivkh, or Brives-la-Gaillarde [breev-la-gSr 
yard], town of France, III. 301. 

Bbix'en, town of Tyrol, III. 301. Council of 
1080, 2 a. 

Bbix'ham, seaport of England, III. 301. Monu- 
ment to the landing of William III., 3 ab. 

Bboaoh, district of India, III, 301. City, 3 b. 

Broadeloth, manufacture of, XVI, 718, 1 a, 

Bboad EivEB, of N. and S. Carolina, III. 801. 

Broadsword, Eoman, J. 734, 2 c, 

BnoADirs, John Albert [braw'-dns], American 
clergyman, III. 801. 

Broc, Manitlph de, castle of, II. 441, 2 b. 

Bbooadb', tesUle fabric, III. 802. 

Brocttella, kind of marble, XI. 147, 1 be. 

Bbocohi, Giovanni Battista [brok'-ke], Italian 
mineralogist and geologist. III. 303. 

Broo'ooli, species of cabbage, III. 302 (ill.), 

Bhock, Isaac, British general. III. 802. 

Beook'ebon, William, English artist and in- 
ventor, III. 802. 

Broeien, the, summit of the Hartz mountains, 
VIII. 492, 3 c (ilJ.); 493, 2 c. Spectre of, 
allusion to, I. 853, 2 c. 

Brocket, deer, V. 761, 1 b; SIV. 386, 1 a. 

Bbocehaus, Friedrich Arnold [brOk'-housc], 
German publisher. III, 302, Friedrich and 
Heinrich, 803, 1 b. Heinrich Ednard and 
Heinrich Rudolf, 1 c Hermann, orientalist, 
2 a (died 1877). 

Ebocklbsbt, Richard [brok'-l'z-be], English 
physician. III. 303, 

Brock'poet, village of New York, III. 303. 

Bbooktille, town of Canada, III. 803, 

Broeom'agus, ancient town : see Bbumath. 

Bbodeeiok, David Colbreth [brod'-rik], Amer- 
ican politician, III, 304. 

Broderie de Malines [briih-dre diih mS-loon], 
Mechlin lace, X. 78, 2 b. 



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130 



BRODEEIP 



1 John, English naturalist, 



Bboi/eeip, Willi 

III. 304. 
Beodhbad, John Eomeyn, American historian, 

III. 304. 
Bko'dib, Sir Benjatriin Collins, English 
geon, III. S04. Sir Benjamin Collins, 
feasor of chemistry, 3 be. 

Brodt, town of Austria, III. 304. 

Beodzinbki, Kazimierz [brod-zhin'-ske], Polish 
soldier and poet, III. 

Broffehio, Angelo [brof-fa'-ro-o], Italian poet 
and politician. III. BOS. 

Brogan': see Broove. 

BrogUll, Lord (Roger Bojie), III. 178, 3 a. 

Broglia [bro'-lyS] : see Broslie. 

Beooue [bi-oj' or brtih-Ire], French family, 
III. 303. Frangois Marie, 1 e. Victor Mau- 
rice, count de, iS. Francois Marie, first 
duke de, general aod diplomatist, ib. 
tor Frangois, second duke de, marshal of 
France, %b. Claude Victor, prince de, poli- 
tician and general, 2 a. Achilla Lfiocce 
Victor Charles, dnke de, statesman, jft. Ai- 
bertine Ida Quatavine de Stael, duchess de, 
authoress, 2 c. Albert, dafce de, statesman 
and anthor, SOS, 1 a. Maurice Jean Made- 
leine, bishop of Ghent, 1 b. 

BflOQ-in, Jean AUarmet, cardinal de [diih bro- 
Dje], Roman prelate. III. 306. 

Beooue [broag], coarse clog or shoe, III. 306. 
In speech, 1 c. 

Beohas, Augustine Suzanne [bro-fl°'], French 
actress. III. 306. Josephine Ffiiicit^ Augus- 
tine, 2 a, £milie Madeleine, 2 c. 

Broke, Sir Philip Bowes Vere [brook], British 
admiral. III. 306. 

Broken Wind, disease of horses, III. 307. 

Broker, how differing from factor, VII. fl4, 1 b. 

Brokers, stock, XV, 887, 2 c. New York 
board of, 388, 1 a ; Paris, 2 c. 

Broma: see Cocoa, IV. 790, 1 a. 

Bromil, hydrate ^, as a hvpnotic. III. 309, 
1 ab. 

Beohbeeo [brum'-bairg], city of Prussia, III. 
307. 

Bgome, county of Canada, III. 307. 

Brome, Richard, English dramatist, III. 307, 
Alexander, writer, 2 a. 

Brome gra»s : see Chess, IV. 384, I c. 

Brome'Ua an'anas (botany), XIII. 527, S c. 

Bromelia'cem (botany), Sni. 527, 2 c. 

Bromide of patainium, in medicine, I. 672, 1 c; 
II. 307, 2 b. I 

Beomides [bro'-midz], salts of bromine, III. 307. | 



BRONZE 

Bromine [bro'-njin], chemical element, ni. 

807, Sources, 3 o. Preparation, 308, 1 b. 

Properties and uses, 2 b. Discovery of, in 

sea water, II. 235, 1 a. 
Bromley [brum'-le], town of England, III, 309. 
Beommk, Traugott [brum'-m^h], German tra^- 

eiler and bookseller, III, 309. Karl Rudolf, 

naval engineer, 1 c. 
Bbo'moforh, chemical compound. III, 309. 
Brom'eebro, treaty of, IV. S28, I a. 
Bbomsobovb, town of England, III. 309, 
Brom.ua (biitany), IV. 384, 1 c. B. asper, 3 a 

(ill.), and other species. B. secalinus, 1 e 

and 2 a; VIII, 169, 1 ab; XVI. 587, 1 c. 

B. mollis, IV. 385, 3 a (ill.). B. Schraderi, 

VIII. 168, 2 b. B. unioloides, ib. 
BeosoB! [brong'-ki], branches of the trachea, 

III. 309 ; X. 731, 1 o. 

Bronchial arteries, X. 733, 1 o. Bronchial 

glands, ib. 
Bronchial catarrh, III. 310, I a. 
Broiuihial tubes. III. 309, 3 c; X. 721, 2 a; 

IV. 387, 2 a. 

Brosohitis [brong-ki'-tis], disease. III. 309. 
Hay bronchitis (hay fever), 310, 3 c. Ca- 
pillary bronchitis, 311, 3 e. Influenza, 313, 
1 be. Diphtheritic bronchitis, 2 a, 

Bron'choeele, goitre, VIII. 70, 2 a. 

Bronehepla»ty, surgical operation, II. 15B, 3 b. 

Bronehorrhm'a : see Brosohitis, III. 811, 1 be. 

BsBkdbted, Peder Oluf [brou'-stod], Danish 
archiBologist, III. 813, 

BHOrfGNiAET, Alexandre Theodore [bro°'-nje- 
ar], French architect, I!I. 318. Antoine 
Louis, chemist, I a. Alexandre, chemist and 
geologist, 1 b. His classification of mineral 
earths, XI. 590, lb; of reptiles, VIII. 692, 
3 c. AdoJphe Theodore, botanist. III. 313, 1 c. 

Bronnes, Johann Philipp [brun'-ner], German 
writer on wines, III. 313. 

Brongon, original name of Ealamazoo, IX. 
734, 2 be. 

Bronte [bron'-ta], town of Sicily, III. 313. 

Bhon'tb, Charlotte, English novelist. III. 313. 
Emily and Anne, ib. 

BronUth^rida (zoQJogy), XL 197, 2 c ; XIV. 
290, 1 c. 

Bhosze, metallic alloy, III. 314. Ancient nse 
of, 1 bo. Aluminum bronze, 315, 1 c. 

Brome age {aTa\imo\ogj\ I. 185, 2 c; 642, I c; 
643, 3 ; 644, 1 o, 3 b, c ; VII. 197, 1 bo. 

Bromed iMn, disease, VIL 836, 1 c. 

Bronze too^, of the Roman capitol, referred 
to, IIL 756, 2 be. 



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BEONZISG 

Bbokzinq, nr. 315; XII. 771, 1 be. Tucker's 
process for bronzing cast iron, III. 316, 1 ab, 

Sromino, Agnolo [bron-dze'-noj, Italian paint- 
er, I. 334, 2 b. 

Broodhuis [brode'-bois], Brnsaels, where Eg- 
mont and Horn spent their last night, III. 
8S8, 1 c. 

Brooke, Lord .■ ace Ghbvillb, Sir Fulke. 

Bkooke, county, III. 316. 

Beooke, Frances, English authoress, III. 319, 

Bhooke, Francis J., American magistrate. III. 
81G. Francis J., soldier, 1 a. George Mer- 
cer, general, &>. 

Beoocb, Henry, Irish novelist, III. 816. 

Brooke, Sir James, rajab of Sarawak, III. 316. 

Brookinos, eonatr. III. 317. 

Brookltne, town of Massachusetts, III. 317. 
Beservoir for sappljing Boston with water, 
Sa. 

Brookltn, city of New York, III. 817. Di- 
visions, 2 0. Population, 318, 1 a. Streets, 

1 b. Buildings, 1 o. Ohurcb edifices, 3 c; 
churches, 326, 1 b. Prospect park, 319, 1 c ; 
other parks, 3 b. Greenwood cemetery, 

2 c; main entrance, ii. (ill., 320); other 
cemeteries, 82il, 1 b. Steam ferries, 1 c. 
Falton ferry in 1791 (ill.), 2 c East river 
bridge, 321, 1 a. Railroads, 3 a. Com- 
merce, 3 b. Atlantic dock, 2 o (01., 333). 
U, S. navy yard, 323, 2 b. Manufactures, 
2 c. Government, 333, 1 c. Wat«r supply, 
2 c; XVI. 510, 2 ab. Finances, ill. 334, 
1 b. Charitable institutions, 2 a. Schools, 
825, 1 a- Libraries, &c., 2 b. History, 336, 
1 c Fire in 1848, 327, 1 a; T. 337, 1 c. 

Brooklyn, county seat, XVI. 661, I o. 

Brook minnow, fish, V. 628, 3 be. 

Brooks, county. III. 327. 

Bbooes, Charles Shirley, English author. III. 

327. pied 1874.) 

Beooks, Charles Timothy, American author, 
III. 327. 

Bkooks, James, American journalist, III. 827. 
Eraatus, journalist, 2 c. 

Brooks, James Gordon, American poet, IH. 328. 
Mary Elizabeth, writer and designer, 1 b. 

Brooks, John, M. D., American military offi- 
cer, III. 328. 

Brooks, Maria, American poetess. III. 328. 

Brooks. Peter Chardon, American merchant, 
ni. 328. 

Brooks, Phillips, American clergyman. III. 828, 

Brooks, Preston S., American politician. III. 

328. His assault on Mr, Sumner, 2c; its in- , 



131 

direct occasion, 489, 2 a. See BunLnjeAME, 
Anson, 460, 1 a. 

Brooli's, club, London, X. 607, 2 be. 

Broobtille, county seats, VII. 434, 2 b; IX. 
586, 1 c. 

Broom, plant. III. 329 (ill.). 

Broom Cokn, plant. III. 329 (ill.). 

Broome, county. III. 880. 

Bboomb, William, English author. III. 330. 

BroscAi, Carlo [bros'-ke] : see FiRiNELLi. 

Bro'HmMm galactoden'dron (botany), V. 445, 
Ibo. 

Broivrmts (ichthyology), V. 692, 1 b. B, fla- 
vescens, 1 b (ill.). B. vulgaris, 3 a. 

Bhossrs, Charles de [dth brfiss], French au- 
thor, III. 830. 

Bbobsbt, Mario E^lioitfi [brfia-ai], French ori- 
entalist, HI. 880. 

Brother JonatTvin, origin of the expression, 
SVI. 15, 1 ab. 

"Brothers, Richard, English fanatic, III. 381. 

Brotheft of Cha/rity : see Chabitt, Brothers of. 

Brothers of the Christian sehoob, popular edu- 
cators, X. 177, lb; XL 731, 1 b. Suppres- 
sion of them in Germany, XI. 732, 1 a. See 
Beetubbn of the Chbistian Sonoots. 

Brothers of hoapiUdity, IV. 277, 2 a. 

Brothers hotpitall^s, IV. 277, 2 a; XI. 730, 
1 b. Of St. John in Jerusalem, XIV. 53B, 2 a. 

Brothertort Indians, referred to, XI. 701, 1 bo. 

BrocckSrs, Charles Marie Joseph Ghisiain 
do [broo-kair], Belgian statesman. III. 331. 
Henri Marie Joseph Ghialain de, 2 b. 

Bhocqham, Henry [broo'-ura or broom], lord 
chancellor of England, III. 331. 

Broughwi, John, Irish actor and playwright, 
III. 883. 

Broughton, Lord [brow'-tun]; see Hobhocsb. 

BHOtrssA : see Bbusa. 

Beoussais, Francois Joseph Victor [broo-sS], 
French physician. III. 333. Hia "physio- 
lo^cal system of me^Iicine," 2 be ; 887, 2 a. 

BBOussoif, Claude [broo-so''], French Protes- 
tant martyr. III. 334. 

BaoBBaoNNET, Pierre Auguste [broo-sun-na], 
French physician and naturalist. III, 884. 

Browsoti^tia (botany), XII. 29, 2 ab. B. pa- 
pyrifera, ift. (ill.), 

Browwer, Adrian [hrow'-er]: see Beauwek. 

Brown, seven connties. III. 334. 

Brown, Benjamin Grata, American journalist, 
III. 335. 

Brown, Charles Brockden, American novelist. 



HI. a 



5; XVI. 193, 1 ab. 



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Bfiowtr, Ford Mados, English painter, III. 885. 
Brown, Goold, American grammarian, HI. 336. 
Bkowh, Henry Kirke, American sculptor. III. 

336. 
Beows, Hugh Stowell, English clergyman, III. 

336. 
Bbowk, Jacob, American general, III. 336. 
Bhows, John, English author. III. 836. 
Bbown, John, Scottish Biblical critic, HI. 386. 
Beown, John, Scottish physician. III. 336, 

Founder of the Brunonian syBtom, 2 c. His 

medical theory, 337, 1 c. 
Bbown, John, American officer. III. 337. 
Beowit, John, Scottish divine, HI. 337. 
Browh, John, Scottish anthor, HI. 337. 
Brows, John, American abolitionist, III. 338. 

His invasion of Virginia, 340, 1 ab ; trial 

and execution, 3il, 1 c. See Kansas, IX. 

755, 1 a. 
Brown, John Newton, American clergyman, 

III. 341. 
Bbowh, Nicholas, patron of Brown unireraity, 

IH. 342. 
BroiBTi, Owen, treaanrer nnder John Brown's 

constitution, IIL 339, 2 be. 
Brown, Ra^don, English scholar, referred to, 

in. 580, la; 531, 1 h. 
Brown, Robert, founder of the sect of Brown- 

ists. III. 842,- IX. 190, 1 c. 
Brown, Robert, British botanist, III. 343. 
Brown, Sir Samuel, English engineer, IH. 343. 
Bbown, Samuel, Scottish chemist and poet, 

III. 843. 
BsowN, Tarleton, American soldier. III. 3*3. 
Brown, Thomas, English satirist, IH. 843. 
Browk, Thomas, Scottish philosopher, HI. 343. 

See Moral Pkhobopht, XI. 807, 2 a; Pni- 

toBOPHT, XIH. 445, 2 b. 
Brown, "William Laurence, Scottish theologian, 

IH. 344. 
Brmun'hill, weapon r see Bill, H. 639, 1 c. 
Bbown Coal, HI. 844. Jet, 2 a. 
Bbowse, Oharle* Farrai', American humorist, 

III. 344. 
Bkownb, Edward Harold, English bishop, HI. 

344. 
Browne, Frances, Irish poetess, HI. 344. 
Beowne, George, count, Rnsaian general. III. 

845. 
Browne, Hcnriette (pseudonyme), French ar- 
tist, in. 345. 
Brownb, Isaac Hawkins, English poel, III. 345. 
Bkownk, John Rosa, Araorican traveller and 

author, HI. 345. (Died 1875.) 



BRTIOE 

Browne, Mary Ann, English poetess, HI. 345. 

Browne, Simon, English theologian, HI. 846. 

Browne, Sir Thomas, English physician and 
anthor. III. 346. 

Browne, William, English poet, HI. 346. 

Browne, William George, English traveller, 
III. 346. 

Brown'ell, Henry Howard, American author, 
HI. 346. 

Brownell, Thomas Church, American bishop, 
ni. 346. 

Brown gum tree, X. 13, 1 a. 

Brorni howler, monkey, XL 750, 2 e. 

Brownie, fairy, VII. 65, 1 a. 

Bhownibo, Elizabeth Barrett, English poetess, 
III. 846. 

Bbowkino, Robert, English poet. III, 347. 

Browmiats, English sect, HI. 342, 1 b; their 
views, 2 he. Name changed to Indepen- 
dents, IS. 199, 1 c. 

Brovmites and CitUenitea, medical schools, III. 
337, 1 b. 

Beowm'low, William Gannawaj, American 
clergyman, ionmalist,andpolitician, III. 348. 

Brown ore (iron), IX. 408, 1 a. 

Beown-S^qijard, Charioa Edward [-sa-kar], 
French- American physiologist, III. 348. His 
experiments on the nature of blood, II. 731, 
2 bo; 732, 2 be; 733, 1 ab, 2 be; 734, I b, 
2 a; 735, 2 e; 736, 1 ab. On animal elec- 
tricity, I. 519, 1 a, 3 a, b, c. On aphasia in 
insanity, IX, 306, I c, 

Beowkhon, Creates Augustus, American au- 
thor, HI. 349. See Philobopht, XIII. 447. 
2 ab. (Died 1876.) 

Brown Spae, kind of dolomite. III. 850. 

Broytnatotun,, county aeat, IX. 483, 2 b, 

Beownstille, borough of Pennsylvania, HI, 
350. City of Texas, 1 b. Village of Ten- 
neaaee, 1 o. 

BrtncTmille, connty seats, VI. 408, 2 b ; VIH. 
553, 2 h. 

Beown Univebsitv, hi. 350. 

Bbuob, county of Canada III 551 

Bruce, noble fimily 't Scotland HI. 851. 
Robert lord of \nnandale claimant of the 
crown 3 b Robert earl tf Cirrick, 2 be. 
Bobert kinir I o Castle iiill place of liis 
decease 781 1 be Dividll kmg,35S,2b. 
Edward, king of Ireland, 3 o; IX. 857, 1 o. 

Bruce, Br. Archibald, founder of tlie first origi- 
nal American scientific journal, VII. 691, 2b. 

Beuck, James, Scottish traveller, III. 363; I. 
170, 2 b. 



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BEnoE, Michael, Scottish poet, HI. 353. 
Brticher, Aihtoine [bru-sha], Frencli engraver, 
reputed inventor of thecoiaingmill, XI. 618, 

2 b. 

Bnwhium [bru'-ke-um], royal division of ao- 

eient Alexandria, I. 290, 3 be. 
BKUcnaiL [broo'h'-adl], town of Baden, III. 

853. 
Bru'chvi pUi (entomology), XIII, 203, 1 b; 

SVI. 538, 1 ab (ill.). 
Bro'oia, vegetable alkali. III. 353. 
BnnoK [Ijrook], two towns of Austria, B.-on-the- 

Leitha [-h'-ta] and li.-on-the-Mur [-moor], 

III. 353. 
Bruck: see BsnoQ. 
Bruck, 0. L. ton, founder of the Austrian 

Lloyd's, X. 555, 2 b. 
Braehe [brOk'-Sh], researches ot on the blood, 

II. 732, 3 be; 733, 1 ab, b, c. 
BirocKEKiiT [brilk'-Sh-now], town of Bavaria, 

III. 363. 

Braekenthal, B(i/ron [brttk'-on-tai], palace of, 
in Herraannstadt, VIII. 683, 2 a. 

Bbuokbr, Jakob [brook'-er], German scholar, 
III. 3S3. 

Bru'denell, Lord: see Oakmoas, earl of. 

Brudenell, Eev. Mr., second husband of Lady 
Aciand, L 67, 1 b. 

Bkh'oes [Fr. brflzh], city of Belgium, IIL 353. 
Belfry tower, 2 o (ill., 334). Town hall (b6- 
tel de rille), 854, I b (ill.). 

BnuOKB, Roger van, Flemish painter, III. 354. 

Brugo [broog], village of Switzerland, HI. 354. 

Brugge [Flem. brflg'-gSh] : see BBrcES. 

Brugge^ Jan jian, a name of Jan van Eyck-, VII. 
45, 1 a. 

Bedoobe, Friedneb [broog'-ger], German sculp- 
tor, III. 864. 

Brugia, Bntg, or Bruges, old name of Bridge- 
north, III. 280, 1 e. 

Bkugmans, Sebaldus Justin ua [briig'-mitns], 
Dutch physician and naturalist. III. 365. 

Bbuqsoh, Ileinrich Karl [brooksh], German 
Egyptologist, III. 355. 

BfittHL, Heinrich, count, German statesman, 

III. 355. Referred to, II. 116, 1 c. 
Behhns, Karl Christian [brooncej, German as- 
tronomer, III. 355. His "Manual of Loga- 
rithms," X. 578, 2 a. 

Bruis, Peter de: see Bruts. 

Bruit de diable [brQ-e dllh de-Sb'J], in chlorosis, 

IV. 504, 2 a. 

Bkcmaiee, the Eighteenth [brU-mfiir], day of 
Bonaparte's coup d'etat, III. 353. 



BEUNO 133 

Brdmath [broo'-mat], town of Alsace, Ger- 
many, in. 856. 

Bbum'mel, George Bryan {Beau Brumroel), 
English man of fashion. III. 356. Place and 
circumstances of his death, 2 b, and 540, 
1 c. 

Brumpt [broomt] : see BBttMATn. 

Bbos, Friederiko Sophie Ohristiane [broon], 
German authoress, III. 359. 

Bronok, Richard Franfois Philippe [broonk], 
Franco-German philologist. 111. 357. 

Beundb'sitim, or Brundisiam : see Bbiniiisi. 

Brdnb, Guillaume Marie Anne, marshal of 
France, III. 357. 

Bmneav, Shoshonea p)ru-no' sho-sho'-neezj, In- 
dians in Idaho, IX. 186, I be 

BRO:sEnADT [brdn-ho], tiueen of Austrasia, III. 

Bmnekild [briin-hlld], queen of Austrasia; see 

BBUHllIIAirT. 

Brunekild [broo'-neh-hilt], in the Nibelungen- 
lied, XII. 419, 3 b. 

Beunbl', Sir Mark Isambard, English civil en- 
gineer, III. 358. Isambard Kingdom, en- 
gineer and naval architect, 1 b. 

Brusellesoui, Filippo [broo-nel-les'-kej, Italian 
architect, IIL 858. 

Bbusbt, Jacques Charles [brii-na], French 
bibliographer, IIL 858. 

Brunfeh, Otto [broon '-f el oe], his woodcuts of 
plants, IIL 132, I ab. 

Bairsi, Leonardo [broo'-ne], Italian author, 
III. 858. 

BEirniNos, Christian [bru'-ninks], name of two 
Dutch engineers, III. 359. Conrad Louis, 
engineer, 1 b. 

BEtfNN [briin], city of Moravia, III. 359 (ill.). 

Beunn, Heinrich [broon], German archiBoIo- 
gist, m. 359. 

Bmnn, Johann Conrad: see BHutraSE. 

BEUNifEN [broon'-nen], village of Switzerland, 
IIL 359. 

Bi-unner, glands of, HI. 860, la; IX. 324, 1 a. 

Bbuknee, Johann Conrad [broon'-ner], Ger- 
man anatomist. III. 3S0. 

Beubhbb, Sebastian, German author, III. 360. 

Beunkow, Ernst Georg von [broon'-no], Ger- 
man novelist and homceopatbist. III. 360. 
Philipp, count, Russian diplomatist, 1 c. 

Bru'no, name of Pope Gregory V., VIU. 243, 
2nb. 

Beuno tub Geeat, archbiahop of Cologne, III. 
860. 

BnnBo, Saint, apostle to the Prussians, III, 



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134 



isiiui^U 



860. Founder of tLe Carthnsiana, 2 b, and 
IV. 335, 2 a. 
Bguno, Giordano [broo'-no], philosopher, III. 

360. See Philobopht, XIII. 440, 2 a. 
Brunsberg [broonce'-bairg], watch tower of, 

IX. 23, 3 ab. 
Bebss'wioe, two counties, HI. 3G1. 
Sninginich, county seats, YIII. 48, 3 a ; IX. 

741, 1 c. 
Brcsswicic, town and village of Maine, III. 

361. Town of Georgia, 3S2, 1 a. 
Erijnswick, duohj of Germany, III. 362. Cap- 
ital city, 2 be. Gewandhaus, 863, 1 a (ill.) ; 
council house, 1 b (iO.). 

BEIIN8WICK, House of. III. 363. Dukes of: 
Ernest, 364, 1 a; Christian, general in the 
thirty years' war, ii. ; Ernest Anguatus, first 
elector of Hanover, father of George I. of 
England, 1 b ; Ferdinand, Prussian general, 
iS. ; Charles William Ferdinand, Prnsaian 
general, 1 c ; Frederick William, Prussian 
general, 3 a ; Charles Frederick Augustus 
William, 2 ab. 

Bramwick-Benem, [-ba'-vem], line of, III. 363, 
2 c. 

Bbusswiok Geebn, pigment, 11!. 364 ; V. 319, 
lab. 

Bru-agudekhLiinebv/rg [-iQ'-nEh-boorg], lino of, 
in. 363, 2 c; dukes of, 364, 1 ab. 

Brwiiiwick- Wolfenbiittel [-vul'-fen-bat-tel], line 
of, III. 363, 2 0. 

BfirsTos', Mary Balfour, English novelist. III. 
364. 

Brunton's lirih, for chain cables. III. 527, 1 bo 

(111.). 

Bbitsa [broo'-sa], city of Asia Minor, III. 365 

(ill.). 
Brdsasoboi (Domenico Eiccio), [broo-za-zor'- 

che], Italian painter. III. 865. 
BBUsn, III. 865. Machine for nialring flat 

brushes, 36S, 2 a (ills.). Hrfr pencils, 2 o. 
Brugk mountain iarni, of coal, I. 556, 1 a. 
Bbtish Turkby, TII. 367 (ill.). 
Brusquet [brfls-ka], court jester, TII. 308, 1 a. 
Brtts'sels, city of Belgium, III. 867. Church 

of St. Guduie, 2 c (01.). ]I6tel de ville, 368, 

1 a (ill.). 
BniiseU carpet, IV, 21, 2 b. Imperial Brussels, 

So. 
Bruttii: see BmrrrniM. 
Bkiit'tium, ancient division of Italy, III. 369. 

Bruttians, 1 b, c. 
Bed'tus, Decimus Junius, Roman soldier, III. 



BUBASTIS 

Betjtus, Lucius Junius, Roman patriot. III. 

809. 
Beutds, Marcus Junius, one of the assassins of 

Gfesar, III. 870. 
Brus, town of Bohemia, III. 370. 
BruxelUs [Fr. brUx-61 or brfi-a6I] : see Beto- 

Bkctas, Jacques [brti-yas], French Jesuit mis- 
sionary, III. 370. Works on the Mohawk 
language, ii., and I. 188, I c. 

BeutSbe, Jean de la: see La BnuYfeBE. 

Bruyn, Oomelis de [d6h broin], Dutch travel- 
ler and painter, III. 370. 

Beuts, Peter de [dilh bril-e], founder of a sect 
in France, III. 370. 

Bry, Theodoric or Dirk [bri], Flemish engraver 
and print and book publisher. III. 870. 

Brt'as, county, III. 370. 

Bktan, Sir Francis, English soldier and poet, 
in. 371. 

Brs-an, Michael, English art connoisseur. III. 
871. 

Bryant, Sir Francis; see Betas. 

Bbyakt, Jacob, English writer. III. 871. 

Betant, William Cullen, American poet and 
journalist. III. 371 ; XVI. 197, 2 c, 199, 2 a. 
(Died 1878.) Peter, physician. III. 371, 2 ab. 

Brydqes, Sir Samuel Egerton, English author, 
III. 372. 

Brydosb', Patrick, Scottish traveller, III. 373, 

Bryitt, Nicholas, engraver to the English mint, 
XL 616, 2 h. 

Bryology, in botany, XI. 86S, 2 c. 

Bryo'kis, poisonoas extract. III. 373. Bryo- 
nia dioica (botany), 1 b (ill.). 

Bryonine [bri'-o-nin] : see Bryonia. 

Bry'ony, plant. III. 373, 1 c (in.). 

Bryozo'a, or Moss Animals, IIL 878; XHL 
691, 1 a; XVL 884, 2 be. 

Bryson'a sdf-regittering inrometer, II. 328, 1 c. 

Bbzeso LiTEWSKi: see Bbest Litovski. 

Bezezan [brzhezh-Sn'], town of Galicia, Ans- 
trifl. III. 373. 

iTaon^-Kha-pa [tsong-k'ha-pd'J, reformer of 
Lamflisra, X. 115, 2 be; 116, 2 c. 

BuA [boo'-&], island in the Adriatic, in. 373. 

Baaehaille: see Staffa, XV. 301, 1 a. 

BnAonB, Philippe [bQ-Ssh], French geographer, 
III. 373. Jean Nicolas Buaehe de la Neu- 
ville, geographer, 2 c. 

Bu'AGE, plant. III. 374 (ill.). 

BuAssuVn, wild dog, III. 374 01'-); TI. 179, 
la; IX. 11, 1 c. 

BuBAs'ns, or Bubastus, ancient city of Egypt, 



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BUBO 

m. 8T4. Site of, 1 o, and II. 483, 1 ab. Bn- 
bastis, goddess, 2 a (ill.). 

Bubo (ornithology), XII. 753, 2 c. B. Vii^ni- 
anas, ib. (ill., 753). B. maximns, 753, 1 o. 

Baboei, glandular swelliDgs, SlU. 567, 2 c. 

Bubo'na, iu Roman, mythology. III. S74. 

Buioni'na (oroithoiogy), XII, 753, 3 c. 

B0COAKKEE8', freebooters. III. 374. Eesorts of, 
Vm. 791, 2 bo; IX. 698, 1 be. 

15hcoib'h)«, family of moUuska, III. 376. 

Bue'cimitn, shellfish furnishing the Tyrian pur- 
ple dye (Pliny), VI. 338, I a (properly the 
mnrex : see Mttekx, and Pukple). The 
whelk, XVI. 595, 1 a. B. iindatuiQ, & (ill.). 
B. obsojeturo, 1 b. 

Siteca (ornithology), SIV. 71, 2 a. B. macro- 
rhynohus, 72, 1 a (ill., 71). 

Bueeoni'nce (ornithology), XIV. 71, 3 a. 

BnoKs'TAUB, Venetian state galley, III. 376 (ill.). 

BueentoTi} [Ital. boo-chen-to'-ro] : see Buoen- 
TATTB. Destroyed, XVI. 298, 1 o. 

Bueeph'ala (ornithology), VI. 290, 1 b. B. 
Amerieana, ib. B. albeola, 1 c. Hybrid be- 
tween the lophodytes cucullatua and B. 
Americana, XI. 407, 1 ab. 

BuoEPKALUS, horse of Alexander, III. 37S. 

Bn'oBB, Martin [Ger. boo'-taer], German re- 
former, IIL 377. Ilis views of the eacha- 
rist, X. 733, 1 c. 

Bufceroa (ornithology), VIII. 820, 1 b. B. rhi- 
noceros, 3 a (ill.). B. erythrorhynchus, 3 o 
(ill). 

BnoH, Leopold von [fOn boo'h], German geol- 
ogist, III. 377. 

BiioHis, David I>iik'-an], British esplorer, m. 
378. 

BucHAN, Elizabeth (Simpson), Scottish reli- 
gions fanatic, III. 378. 

BcoHAB, William, Scottish physician. III. 378. 

BncHAHAK [buk-an'-an], three counties. III. 378. 

Buehanan, county seat, VIII. 450, 1 c. 

BuoHiKAH, Claudius, English missionary. III. 
879. 

BdoitANAN, Franklin, American naval officer, 
III. 879. (Died 1874.) 

BuoHAHAN, George, Scottish scliolar and poet, 
III. 379. 

BooHANAN, James, fifteenth president of the 
United States, III. 880. Congressman, I b 
Minister to Russia, 1 c. U. S. senalor, ih 
Action on anti-slavery petitions, 3 ab , on 
the French indemnity question, 2 b; on tlie 
Aahburton treaty, 2 c,- on the annexation 
of Texas, 381, 1 a. Secretary of state, 1 ab. 



BUCKISGIIAMSHIEE 



135 



Northwestern boundary, 1 b. Minister to 
England, 1 e. Ostend manifesto, 3 ab. Elect- 
ed president, 2 be. His course on theKansas 
question, 3 c; on the Mormon rebellion, 
382, 1 a; in regard to secession, 1 b, ff. 
Breaking up of his cabinet, 2 a. His de- 
fence of his administration, 3 be. 
Buchanan, Robert, Scottish poet. III. 383. 

BuoUAitEST [boo-ka-rest'], capital of Rouma- 
nia, III. 383 (ill.). Treaty of, I. 282, 1 c. 

Bdcha'ria : see Bokhaea. 

Bncnsz, Philippe Joseph Benjamin [ha-sha], 
French physician and write*. III. 384. 

Buchloedactyhi'des[ha-kW-e], (botany), VIII. 
168, 2 (ill.). 

BfioHNKB, Georg [ba'h'-ner], German poet, 
HI. 384. Friedrieh Karl Christian Louis, 
philosopher, 1 c. Alexander, author, 2 b. 
Luise, poet and novelist, 2 be. 

BuchoU [boo'-'holts], his theory of lactic fer- 
mentation, VII. 147, 1 be. 

BucHOH, Jean Alexandre [ba-sbo"'], French 
writer. III. 384. 

Bccnu [boo-koo'], vegetable medical product, 
III. 385 (ill.). 

Bock, male of deer family, III. 365 ; VN. 75, 
1 bo. Buck of the first head, 1 o. Great 
buck, ib. 

BucKAn [book'-kow], town of Prussia, III. 
385. 

BucKBDUEO [bQk'-kEh-boorg], town of Ger- 
many, III. 385. 

Buchet: see Wheei^ XVI. 593, 1 b. 

BuoEBTE ; see Hohse Ohestnut. 

Buehhan'rum, county seat, XVI. 218, 1 bo. 

Bu/ikhora, species of plantain, XHI. 594, 2 c. 

BiieMounds, VII. 75, 2 bo ; master of, ib. 

Buckie, mollusk, XVI. 595, 1 a. 

Buoe'inoham, county. III. 385. 

BucKisoHAM [bak'-ing-am], borough of Eng- 
land, III. 385. 

BccKiNGHAM, Earfs and Dukes of. III, 385. 
George Villiers, statesman, 2 c; IX. 517, 
1 Q , XIV. 226, 1 a. George VilUers, sec- 
ond duke, m. 386, 1 c. 

BurKiHGHAM, or Buckinghamshire, John Shef- 
field, duke of, statesman and poet, III, 387. 

Bni KivoHAM, James Silk, English traveller 
and author. III. 387, 

Buckingham, Joseph Tinker, American jour- 
nalist, III. 888, 

Baclttighara college, Oxford, II, 103, 2 be. 

Buflmgha/m palace, X. 608, 3 c (ill., 609). 

BuciONeKAMSHiEB, countj of England, IIL 888. 



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136 UUCEINGnAMSniKE 

SucMnghaimhh'e, duke of: see Buokikgham, 

ni. 38T, 1 b. 
Suehinga, in bleaching, II. 703, 2 c. 
BuoKLAHD, Cyrua, American inventor, III. 388. 
£uekland, Mi., Tierra del Fuego, VII. 549, S a. 
BucKLAKn, William, D. D., English geologist, 

III. 388. His discoveries of fossil remains 
at Kirkdale, 3b; 63, 2 ab. Francis Trevel- 
yan, aaturaiist, 389, 1 a. 

Buckle, Henry Tliomas, English author, III. 

389. 
BucJder; see Shield, SIV. 853, 1 c. 
B&eJder, Johann (Schindorhannes), brigand, 

IV. 843, 2 c. 

BuoK'MiHsrEB, Joseph, American clergyman, 

III. 389. Joaeph Stevens, clergyman, 3 be. 

Bucta, county of England : see BnoEiauHAM- 



BucKa, county of Pennsylvania, HI. 390. 
Btickspobt, town of Maine, IIT. 390. 
BuCKSTONE, John Baldwin, English actor and 

dramatist, IH. 390. 
BuoKTHOKN, plant. III. 390 (ill.). Use in 

hedges, VIII. 604, 3 o. 
BroEWHEAT, grain, III. 391 (ill.). Siberian 

buckwheat, 1 c. 
BucJncheat, climbing, herb, 5111. 689, I a. 
BuoQnOT, Jean Albert d'Archambaud, count 

and abfa6 de [diih bQ-kiv6], Erencli writer, 

IH. 391. 
Buoy'rus, town of Ohio, IH. 391. 
BnozACZ [boo'-ch&tch], town of Galicia, Ans- 

tria. III. 891. 
Bnd: see Plant, XIII. 676, 1 be; 577, 1 a. 
Bud, in yeast, VII. 143, 3 c (ills., 143). 
Bo'da [Hung, boo'-daw], capital of Hungary, 

III. 391 ; view, 392. Buda-Pesth, 391, 2 c. 
BcD^'us : see Bnnfi. 
Budaga, tribe of India, IX. 215, 2 o. 
B>id<um' ; see Bwdatoos. 
Budatoon', town of British India, III. 393. 
Swiftfo [bood'-dSh]: see BtfonEfs. 
Bur)DEU3, Johann Franz [bood-da'-oos], Ger- 
man theologian. III. 393. Aurelio, traveller, 



Buddha [bood'-da], generic nami 

able deified teachers, HI. 393, 1 c; 400, 1 a. 
Sakyarauni, the present Buddha, ninth in- 
carnation of Vishnn, 393, 1 c; II. 159, 1 o. 
Modern idol representing him (ill.), HI. 393 ; 
sleeping idol, H. 270, 1 c. Relics of him, 
HI. 402, 1 a. His influence on Brahmanism, 

IX. 328, 1 be. Footprint of, I. 110, 3 be; 

X. 46, 3 c. Mountain of, X. 181, 1 ab. 



BtUTALO 

BuddKah,, mountain of Buddha, X. 181, 1 ab. 

BunrniSM and Buddsa, an Asiatic religion and 
its founder, HI. S93. Legendary history of 
Buddha, 1 c. Original character of Bud- 
dhism, 394, 2 a. Its history, 2 c. Its doc- 
trines, 396, 1 c. Divisions of the Buddbifit 
scriptures: the Dharma, 396, 2 b ; theVina- 
ya, 400, 3 a; the Abhidharma, 403, I a. 
Treatment of women, 401, 2 c. Worship, 
tS. Buddhism and Brahmanism, 394, 1 c ; 
IX. 328, 1 c. See Lamaism. 

Buddki»m in Japan, IX. 637, 3 c; 538, 2 a; 
641, 2 o ; 542, 3 b ; 643, 3 c ; SII. 472, 1 b. 
Literature of, IX. 563, 1 b. 

Buddhists, III. 898, 1 c. Total number of, 8S6, 
1 ab. 

BuDDino, in arboriculture, HI. 403 (ill.). An- 
chor budding, 404, 3 b. 

Buddie, in metallurgy, XI. 434, I ah. 

Buddumas, African tribe, XV. 596, 1 ab. 

Bdd6, Guillaume [bii-daj, French scholar, HI. 
404. 

BuDB LifiHT, HI. 404. 

BuDQELi, Eustace, English writer. III. 405. 

BuDWBis [bood'-vice], town of Bohemia, HI. 
405. 

Bdel, Jesse, American agriculturist, IH. 405. 

BuBLL, Don Carlos, American general, IH. 405. 

Burn Athb [bwain i'-ra], island, West Indies, 
III 405. 

BuEBA Vista [bu'-na vis'-ta], county, III. 406. 

Buena Vuta, county seat, XI. 168, 3 a. 

Bhbna Vista [bwa'-na vees'-ta], Meiico, battle 
of, ni. 406. 

Buenos Athes [bu'-nos 5'-riz or Sirz ; Sp. bwa'- 
noce i'-racc], province of the Argentine Ee- 
public, 111. 406. Capital city, 407, 1 c (ill.). 
History, 409, 3 b. 

Bufeo [boo-fa'-o], flsh, III. 14, 2 c. 

Bbf'ealo, animal, IH. 410. Distinguished 
from the bison, 1 b, and II. 667, 3 b. Indian 
buffalo, HI. 410, 1 c (ill.). OafEer or Cape 
buffalo, 2 c (ill., 411). Bhainsa, 410, 2 a. 
Arna, ib. 

Buffalo, three counties, HI. 411. 

Buffalo, city of New York, III. 411. View, 
416. Public parka and buildings, 412, 1 b. 
Railroads, 3 a. Commerce, 3 b. Industries, 
414, 1 ab. Government, 3 a. Finances, 3 be. 
Charitable institutions, 2 c. Education, 415, 
1 c. Libraries, &c., 416, 1 a. Churches, 1 be. 

Baffah, county seat, V. 644, 1 h. 

Buffalo JUh, VII. 622, 1 a. 

Buffalo gnat, II. 678, 3 h. 



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BULLION" 



137 



Buffalo grots, YIII. 168, 3 c (ill.)', IS. 749, 1 h. 

BnFFiGii, Claude [bu-f jS], French author, III 
416. 

BuBr Lbather, III. 416. 

Buff limestone, X. 353, 1 c. 

Bttffon, Georges Louis Leolero, count de [bu- 
tff"'], French naturalist, III. 416. Esperi- 
menta with the burning glaaa, 471, 2 h. Re- 
lation of comparative anatomy to natural 
history first fully perceived by him, V. 185, 
2 b. Mistake of an elephant's bones for hu- 
man, VII. 795, 1 ab. Views of organic de- 
Felopment referred to, VII. 10, 1 c ; of the 
action of water in mountains and valleys, 
688, 2 a.— Henri Leclerc, his son, III. 417, 
] c. 

Buffoon oj theiBoods (barred owl), XII. 764, 2 c. 

Bufo (zoology), SV. 777, 2 o. B. vulgaris, ih. 
(ill.). 

Buford, Major, leader of an armed force in 
Kansas, IX. 754, 1 c, 2 b. 

BcG : see Hbmiptera. 

Bto [boog], two rivers of Russia, III. 417. 

B-agbam, herb, IV. 583, 1 be. 

BuoBATJi) ns LA PicoNNEBiE, Thomss Eobert 
[ba-zho dah 15 pe-kun-r6], duke of Isly, 
French general, III. 417. "Ex-jailer of 
Blaye," 3 bo : see Berby, II. 583, 1 b. 

BcGEirniOEN', Johann [boo'-ghen-ha-ghen], 
German reformer. III. 418. 

Bdgge, Tliomas [hoog'-gSh], Danish astrono- 
mer, III. 418. 

BuGHis, or Bugia [hoo'-ghees], a Malay people, 
III. 418; IV. 169, 1 b. Referred to, XI. 
56, 1 a and 2 a; 57, 3 ab; 58, 3 c. 

BuiiLE, Johann Gottlieb [boo'-16h], German 
philosopher, III. 419. 

BcHL WoHS [bule], inlaying. III, 419. 

BUhren: see Bibok, Ernest John. 

BnnasTOSB [bur'-stone], for millatoaes, III. 419. 

BriL, Bernardo [boo-eel'], Spanish missionary, 
III. 420. 

Bujayah [boo-jA'-ya], town : see BoroiiH. 

Buharmt: see BucniEBST. 

BnKOwiNi [boo-ko-ve'-na], a crownland o£ 
Austria, III, 420. 

Bukv, [boo-fcoo'], Japanese second mourning, 
Xir. 13, 1 0. 

Buh>itza [book-vit'-sa] ; see Glamlitio. 

Bulah [boo-lSk'] : see Boolak. 

Btilama [boo-ia'-ma], African island, HI. 420. 
Bnlama association, 2 a. 

BctAu [boo'-low], insectivorous mammal. III. 
430 (ill.). 



Bulb .- see Plabt, Xni, 5TT, 2 o. Dutch bulbs, 

IX. 99, 3 a; XVI. 26, 1 c; VIIL 362, 2 a. 
Bwliila, iu botany, X. 643, 3 a. 
Balffingm' : see Bilfinoer. 
BuLGA'mA, province of European Turkey, III. 

420. Bulgarian costumes, 421, 3 b (ill.). 

History, 423, 1 b. Kingdom of Bulgaria, 

1 c. Its overthrow, 3 ah. 

BuLGAEliS LaNOUAOB AOTt LlTBEATCEE, III. 

423. 

Bvlgarxans, race, III. 433, 1 b. Sect, IV. 116, 3 c. 

Bulgaria braniA of the Mnns, VII. 206, 2 C. 

BtfLGABis, Thaddeus [bool-g4'-rin], Eussian au- 
thor, in. 423. 

Bulibani [boo-Ie-hl'-ne], capital of Bondoo, 
Africa, IH. 57, 3 b. 

Bu'limitb, genus of land snails, III. 424 (ill.). 
B. rosaceus, 1 b. B. ovatus, i&. 

BnLKLBT, Peter, American clergyman, III. 424. 

Bull : see Ox. 

Boll, Papal, III. 424. How different from 
brief, 1 c. The most celebrated hulls, 2 ah, 
Bnllfe diniidia), 2 b. 

Bull, Brahman: see Zebtt. 

Bbil, George, English prelate, IIL 424. 

Bcll, John, familiar name of the English, III. 
424. 

Buu, John, EngUsh musician, III. 424. 

Bull, Ole Bomemann, Norwegian violinist, 
IIL 425. 

Bul'la: see Seal, XIV. 735,1 a, h,2 a. 

BuU aj)d bear, terms of the stock exchange, 
XV. 388, 1 c. 

Bulla'rium, coUectioa of papal hulls. III. 719, 
3 b. BuUarium Mugnuin, ib. 

ButLDOd, lU. 435 (ill.). 

Bnu. Fight, Spanish amusement, III. 426. 

Bullfinch, bird. III, 426 (ill), 

Bullfimh, hedge, XVI, 51, 1 a. 

Bullfrog, VII. 505, 2 c (ill., 506). Northern 
bullfrog (ill.), 606, I a. 

BuLi-nEAD, fish, IIL 430, Common bullhead, 
427, 1 b (ill.), Greenland bullhead, 1 o (ill.). 
River bullhead, 3 c (ill., 428), Prickly bull- 
head, 438, 1 h. Acadian bullhead, or deep 
water aculpin : see Sea Raven, XIV, 739, 2 a. 

Bullhead, bird, XIII. 618, 1 o. 

BuLLisoBR, Heinrich [bool'-ing-er], Swiss theo- 
logian, in. 428, 

Bullion, base or crude : see Silvke, XV, 50, 2 a. 

Bullion, in glass making, VIIL 16, 2 c. Bul- 
lion point, 17, 1 b. 

" Ballian Seport," of the house of commons, 
XL 745, 1 a. 



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BULLITT 



Buiiirr, connty, III. 428. 

Bullock, two counties, III. 438. 

SuUoc&'a lungwort : see Mitllein, XII. 31, 1 b. 

Bull Euh, stream of Virginia, III, 428. First 
battle of, 2 c. Second battle of, 480, 1 c. - 

Bull sapling: see Pihb, SIII. 523, 3 ab. 

BvM'g eye, in gla«s making, VIII. 17, 1 b. 

BuWt mouth, cameo shell, III. 653, 2 a. 

Bull mahe: see Pike Snakb, XIII. 530, 1 ab. 

Bulli/ tree, VIII. SOI, 2 a. 

Bulou, plant, VII. 110, 1 c. 

BtfLow, rriedricb Willielm, baron von [fon 
ba'-loj, Pnissiaa general, III. 431. Adam 
Ileinrich Dietrich, baron von, military wri- 
ter, 433, 1 h. 

BiiLow, Hans Guido von, Germaji pianist and 
composer, III. 433. Karl Edward von, novel- 
ist and poet, 1 0. Coaima, wife of Hans, 
2 b. 

BuLBUsn, plant, III. 433 (ill) ; SVI. 97, 1 a. 

BuLTi [btU-te'], state of central Asia, HI. 433. 

Baltutan [biH-te-stSn'] ; see Bulti, 

Buluk la^M [boo-look' bS'-she], Turkisli mili- 
tary tiUe, XI. 361, 1 ab. 

Buhtndahuhur : see BooLCSDsnAHUR. 

BctwBK, Edward : see Bulweb-Lttton. 

BiTLWER, Henry Lytton Earle, Baron Balling 
and Bulwer, English diplomatist and author, 
HI. 483. 

Bm,WEB, John, English physician, III, 433. 

Bulwbb-Lyttok, Edward George Earle Ljtton, 
Baron Lytton, English novelist, III, 433, 
Eosina, Lady Bulwer-Lytton, writer, 434, 
2 o. Edward Robert Bulwer-Lytton, Baron 
Lytton, poet {governor general of India, 
187C), il. : see KnisiHSKi, S. 55, 1 b. 

Bum-hailiff: see Ba-ixiff, II, 232, 1 b. 

BamblAee (hnmblehee): Bee Bee, II. 457, 1 c. 

Bhncombb [bnng'-kum], county, HI. 435. Talk- 
ing for Buncombe, 1 c ; I. 415, 1 b. 

Bun' dela country : see BuNDELcrNB. 

BnKBBiounn', province of India, III. 435. 

Bundi [boon-dee'] : see Boondee. 

.Bunti8eAw7^[boont'-shoo],(Icagueof the brogue), 
XIH. 215, 1 be. 

BcNQR, Alexander [boong'-Sh], Russian botanist 
and traveller. III. 435. Fridrikh Egor, ju- 
rist, 2 ab, 

Bunijvgm, Hindoo traders, IX. 314, S ab. 

BuHitKB Hill, III. 485. Battle of, 2 b. Ban- 
ker Hill monument, 437, 2 a (ill.). 

Banneaha, Hindoo traders, IX. 214, 2 ab. 

BuNSEN, Christian Karl Josias, baron von [fOn 
boon'-sen], German scholar and diplomatiat. 



IIL437. His 



y Baroness Bunsen, 



BuHSEN, Robert Wilhelm, German chemist, 
III, 439. Ilia ait auction pump, I. 221, 1 b 
(ill.); blast lamp, II, 750, la; ice calorime- 
ter, VIII. 574, 1 be (ill.) ; bni-ner, VII. 355, 

1 b (ill.) ; galvanio battery, 591, 1 be ; siphon 
barometer, 653, 2 b ; photometer, XIII. 478, 

2 c. 

Bunt, fungus, VIL 528, 2 a; 531, 1 b; 532, 

2 b; XVI. 223, lb, 
BuHTiHO, bird, HI. 439. Black-throated bun- 
ting, 3 c (iil.). Snow bunting, 440, 1 b. 

Lark bunting, iS. (ill.). 
Busting, Jabez, English clergyman. III. 440. 
BuKTZLAu: see BcNzLio. 
BuNTAS', John, English preacher and author, 

HI. 440. " Pilgrim's Progress," 441, 1 c. 

See DouGLss, Gawin, VI. 225, 1 b. 
Bunyan meeting houie, in Bedford, Eng., II. 

448, 1 be. 
BuNZLAU [boonta'-low], town of Prussia, HI. 

441. Town of Bohemia : see JuuG-Ersain, 
BuoL-SoHArENBTEis, Karl Ferdinand, count von 

[boo'-ole-ahow'-en-stine], Austrian states- 
man, IIL 441 ; II. 147, 1 c 
BuonacMTii, Bistro [bo-nak-kor'-ae], painter: 

see Vaoa, Perino del. 
Bdokafbdb, Appiano [bo-na-fa'^da], Italian 

philosopher. III. 441, 
BnoNABOTTi, Filippo [bo-na-rot'-te], French 

revolutionist, HI. 442 ; II. 182, 1 b. 
BuoNAEOTTi (more correctly, Buonarroti), 

Michel Angelo, Italian painter, sculptor, and 

architect, HI. 442. Michel Angelo, poet, 

443, 2 c. 
BuoimvenPuri, Pietro [bo-na-ven-too'-re], lover 

of Bianca Oapello, UI. 749, 1 c. 
B-uoneampagni, Vffo [boo-oan-kilm-p&'-nye], 

(Pope Gregory XHL), VIII. 245, 1 a. 
BuoNONOiKi; see BoNONCim. 
Bvoya [bwoiz], floating danger signals, X. 458, 

1 c; 462, le. 
Bn'pAurs, Greek sculptor, HI. 444. 
Bo'PHAOA, a genus of birds : see Ospeckek, 

XIJ. 768, 1 e. B. Africana, 2 a (ill,). E. 

erjthroriiyncha, 3 ab. 
Buppo [boop'-po], Japanese for Buddhism, IX, 

637, 3 c. 
Buprea'tii (entomology), II. 476, 3 ab. 
Buran [boo-rfin'J, a wind, XIV. 478, 2 C. 
Buranello ; see GAi.rppi, Baldassare. 
BuEASo [boo-ra'-no], island near Venice, III. 

444. 



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BURBADGE 

Burhadge : see Bcebaoe. 

BuBBAO-E, Richard, English actor, III, 444. 

BuEBOT, fish, III. 444. European, 1 c (ill.) 
Bpotted, 2 a; eel pout, ib. 

BuKOKHAKDT, Johann Karl [boork'-hart], Ger- 
man astronomer, III. 444. 

BuBCKHABDT, Jolianii Ludwig, Swiss trareller, 
HI. 444. 

Bur cloter. X. 703, 3 ab. 

BuBDACH, Karl Eriedricli [booH-da't], German 
physiologist. III. 445. 

Boe'desin, river of Austral i a, III. 445. 

BcBBKH, Henry, American inventor, III. 445. 
Machine for making horse shoes, VIII, 831, 2 
a. Eotarysqueezer, referred to, IX. 401,.lab. 

BuBDER, George, English clergyman, III, 445, 

Bdedett', Sir Francis, English politician, III. 
445. Angela Gieorgina: see Burtbtt-Ooctis. 

BcEDBTT-CorTTis [-koota], Angela Georgina, 
baroness, English philanthropist, III. 446, 

Burdig'ala, ancient town : see Boedeacx. 

Buedwan', city of Hindostan, III. 446. 

BnREAH [bu'-ro], county. III. 448. 

Bureau <if education, in the United States, 
V. 159, 3c; VI, 427, 1 c. 

Burette', graduated test tube, IV. 501, 1 c ; 
XIII, 758, 1 ab. 

BiTKa [boorg], name of two Prussian towni, 
III. 446. 

BiiEd, Johann Tobias [bflrg], German astrono- 
mer, HI. 448. 

BxrnenoEr [boorg'-dorf ], town of Switzerland, 
HI, 447, 

Burgee', flag, in naval signals, XV. 85, 3 b. 

Buhgeb, Gottfried August [bttr'-gber], German 
poet, III. 447. 

BuKOES, Tristam [hur'-jess], American states- 
mau. III. 447, 

Btie«K8S, George, American bishop, HI. 447. 

BiTBBESB, ITiomas, English bishop, HI. 448. 

Burgems of Oxford. XII. T61, 2 b. 

BcEOH, James, Scottish writer, III. 448, 

Burgher and Anti-Burgher synod», in the Scot- 
tish Presbyterian church, XIII. 811, 1 o. 

BrBSHLKT, Lord : see Bbeleigh. 

Burgi, Jobtt [bOr'-ghe] : see Btegics, Justus, 

Burglar alarms, I. 288, 2 a, 

BUBGLABY, III. 448. 

Burgomaet^, bird, VIII. 318, 2 o. 

Bttroos [boor'-goce], province of Spain, IH. 

448. Capital city, 449, 1 a (ill.). 
BuaooTSE, John [bur-goin'], English general, 

II[. 450, Sir John Fox, general, 1 c. Hugh 

Talbot, naval officer, 2 b. 



BUEKSVILLE 



139 



BnnGBOHMiET, Jakob Daniel [boorg'-shmeet], 
German sculptor, lU. 450. 

Burgundia, Little, a former division of Switz- 
erland, XV. 629, 2 a. 

Bttbguk'diahs, ancient German race, III. 450. 

Burgundiam and Orleani^ts, French political 
parties, IV. 286, 1 b. 

Burgundii : see Buegundiass, 

Biib'odndy, hi. 451. First kingdom of, 1 a. 
Gi^nrane and Transjiirane, 1 b. Duchy 
of : £rst duoal house, 2 a ; second ducat 
bouse, 2 b. Province of, 3 c. 

Burgundy, palatine county of, VII, 415, 1 b. 

Burgundy pitch, XHI, 647, 1 a. 

BuBfiCKDY 'WiNKa; see France, Wines of, 
VH. 412, 2 c, ff. 

Burliaunpoor : see Boorhanpoor. 

Buri, in Norse mythology, XII. 119, 2 b. 

BuHiAL, HI. 452. Mummification, 3 a. An- 
cient Egyptian funeral procession (ill.), ib. 
Greek funeral nma, 2 a (ill.) ; Eoman, 453, 
1 c (ill., 462). Eoman funeral rites, 453, 

1 a; SHI. 780, 2 a. Columbaria, III- 453, 

2 a (ill.). Abori^nal burial, 2 b Oil.). Fune- 
ral wake, 454, 1 a. Burying alive, 1 be ; pre- 
cautions against, ih. ; mortuary houses, 2 c, 

Bu'riats, Mongolian tribes, HI, 455 ; XI. 747, 
I b. 

BumBAN, Jean [bfl-re-da'"], Freuch philoso- 
pher, HI. 455. Buridan's ass, 1 c. 

BuHiuHY, Jean L^veaqne de [ia-vaik diib bu- 
re-nyg], French antlior, IHv 455. 

BuEKB, two counties. III. 455. 

Bpekb, iEdanus, American jurist. III. 455, 

Burke, Col., Fenian leader, VII. 129, 2 a. 

Buekb, Edmund, English statesman, HI. 455, 
I!is course in parliament in relation to the 
American stamp act, 456, 2 o. Appointed 
agent of New York, 2 be. Speech on Amer- 
ican taxation, 3 c. Labors on East Indian 
affairs, 467, 1 b. Impeachment of Warren 
Hastings, ift. Rupture with Fox, 1 c. Char- 
acterization, 2 ab. Ilis works and biogra- 
phies, 2 b, 

Burke, Sir John Bernard, English genealogist, 
HI. 457. "Burke's Peerage and Baronet- 
age," 2 c. 

BuEKE, John Doly, American historian, HI. 458, 

BvBKE, Robert O'Hara, Australian explorer, 
IH. 458. 

BuBKE, Thomas Nicholas, Irish Dominican 
preacher, HI. 468, 

Bijr'kel, Heinrich, German painter, IH, 458. 

BurJcstille, county seat, V. 567, 1 a. 



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140 



BL'ELAMAQUI 



EuBLAMAqm, Jean Jacques [bttr-lii-ma-ke], 
Swiss writer on law, III. 458. 

BcBLEioH, William Cecil, lord [bur'-Ie], Eng- 
lish statesman, HI. 459. 

BuELEiGH, 'Williani Henrj, American author 
and jonrnalist, III. 459. George 8., poet, 
and Ciiarlea 0,, lecturer, 3 ab. 

BurUigh drill, II. 700, 1 c (ill.); III. 100, 1 a. 

Mrler, a. dresser of oloth, XVI. 719, 1 c. 

Bus'LEeotr, uonnty. III. 459. 

Bwrling, in woollen manufacture, XVI. 719, 1 c. 

BaTlingame, county seat, XII. 714, 1 b. 

Bub'uhoaub, Anaon, American diplomatist, 
III. 469. 

BBRLIN6TON, county. III. 460, 

BcBLiNGTON, citj of Vcrmout, III. 460, 

BuKLiNBTOK, citj of New Jersey, HI. 461. 

BcBLitfOTON, city of Iowa, III. 461, 

Burlingtim, county seat. III. 82, 3 ab. 

SvTlington, England ; see Bridltngton. 

Bdrungton, Richard Boyle, earl of, English 
architect. III. 462, 

Burlington ItovM, London, X, 606, 1 ab, 

BrBMAii, kingdom of Asia, III. 463. Physical 
featares, 1 c. Productions, 3 c. Fauna, 463, 
1 ab. Minerals, 463, 1 e ; petroleum wells, 
3 a. Climate, 3 b. Manufactures and com- 
merce, 2 be. Taxation, 464, 1 b. Army, 
1 c. Government, 3 a. People, 464, 3 e (iU., 
465). Language, 465, 1 c, and IX. 258, 2 c. 
Religion, III. 465, 2 c. History, 466, 1 b. 

BrnHAn, British, HI. 468. 

BcRMANN, Franciseus [bur'-mfln], Dutch Bible 
commentator, HI. 468. Pieter, scholar (two), 

Burmantofts, England, industrial school at, 
X. 312, 1 ab. 

BuRMEisTBR, Hermann [boor'-mioe-ter], Ger- 
man naturalist, HI. 468. His classification 
of birds, XIL 708, 1 b ; of insects, VL 661, 3 a. 

Burmese, race. III, 464, 2 o (ill.) ; IX. 353, 2 c. 

Biirme*e language. III. 465, 1 c ; literature, 3 be, 

BoKNAP, George Washington, American clergy- 
man, IH. 468. 

BiTRNES, Sir Alexander, British geographer and 
diplomatist, HI. 468. Lieut Charles, 469, 1 b. 

Bttbset, county, IH. 469, 

Burnet, county seat, II. 469, 1 c. 

BoHSET, Gilbert, English bishop and author, 
IH. 469. 

BiTENET, James : see Mosdobdo. 

BuBSET, John, Scottish engraver and painter, 
III. 470. 

BuENET, Thomas, English author. III. 470, 



Burnett, county, III. 470, 

BcENETT, Waldo Irving, American naturalist 
and microscopist, HI. 470, 

Burnett, Sir WiUiam,, his disinfecting fluid, 
I. 571, 2 a; VL 134, 2 be. Hia process for 
preserving wood, XIII, 825, 1 be. 

BurofMising, process for preserving wood, 
XIII. 825, 1 be, 

Burnet, Charles, English musician and histo- 
rian of music, ill. 471. Frances: see Ae- 
BLAY, Madame d'. Sarah Harriet, novelist, 
1 c James, naval officer, ii. Charles, D. D., 
classical scholar, 3 a. 

Burning fluid, IH. 667, 2 b; X. 130, I b. 

BuBKiNO Glass and Burning Mirror, HI. 471. 

Buming-in, in glass painting, VIII. 37, 1 a. 

Burning mountain, Anstralia, III. 290, 2 c. 

BuEKLET, town of England, HI. 471. 

BuENouF, Eug6ne [bOr-noof], French oriental- 
ist, HI. 472. His work on the cuneiform in- 
scriptions, 1 c ; V. 573, 1 c. Jean Louis, 
philologist, m. 473, 1 ab, fimile Louis, 
scholar, 2 a. 

Burns, Ant/Kin^/, fugitive slave, VIII. 732, 1 b. 

Burns, Robert, Scottish poet, III. 472, Rob- 
ert, Gaelic scholar, 473, 1 o. William, colo- 

BuRss AND Scalds, HI. 473. How to act in 
case of, 474, 1 b. Treatment of, 2 a. 

BuRNSiDB, Ambrose Everett, American sol- 
dier, III, 474. See Fredeeicksbl-es, Bat- 
tle of. 

Bummille, county seat, XVI. 770, 1 a. 

Btjeow, Julie [boo'-ro], German novelist, III. 
475. 

BcRR, Aaron, American clergyman, HI, 475. 
Aaron, third vice president of tiie United 
States, 1 b. Hia duel with Hamilton, VIII. 
419, 3 h. His intrigues with Blennerhassett, 
U. 709, 2 ab. Guest of Gen. Jackson, IX. 
487, 3 c ; denounced by him to the govern- 
ment, 488, 1 8, Prosecuted for levying war 
against a friendly nation, V, 709, 2 a. His 
trial for treason, IH, 476, 1 c. His acquain- 
tance with Bentham, IT, 537, 1 b. 

Burr, bridge architect, his plan for wooden 
bridges, III. 273, 1 a. 

Burr of the deer, V. 756, 2 h. 

Burra-Burra copper mine. South Australia, 
XV. 190, 1 c. 

Burrampooe', town of British India, HI. 476. 

BuEEAMi-ooTER : seo Brahmapootea. 

BoEHHUs, Afranius, Roman commander, IH. 
476. 



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BUERILL 

BtTEBiLL, James, American jurist, III. 477. 

Btibbitt, EILhu, American aoholar and reform- 
er, HI. 4TT, 

BuRKocaHS, George [bnr'-roze], American cler- 
gyman, exocnted for witchcraft, III. 477. 

BuBEOooHS, Steplien, American adventurer, 
III. 477. 

BnBROueiis, William, American naval officer, 
III. 477. 

Burrun [boo^-rooQ^, town of India, III. 81, 2 a. 

Barrua; aee Burehus. 

Bitriaries, university acholarahips, VI. 407, 1 b. 

BuHSOHEiD [I)oor'-sliite], town of Prussia, III. 
477. 

BrEBCHEXsoHAFT [boor'-sben-shaft], associa- 
tion of German students, III, 477. Declared 
illegal by tbe Carlsbad congress, 795, 1 a. 
Decrees rescinded by the German diet, tb. 

BuTsera'aem (botany), XII. Ill, 2 b. 

Bubs'lem, parish and town of England, III. 
478. 

Bwratirt^ ground, in aqaatint engraving, VI. 
653, 1 c. 

BtTRT, county, III. 478. 

BuETOs, John Hill, Scottish author, III. 478. 

BnBTOtf, Eichard rroncis, Briliah explorer and 
author. III. 478. DiacoTery of Lake Tan- 
ganyika, I. 167, I a. Visit to Harar, VIII. 
461, 1 a. 

BuETON, Robert, English clergyman, III. 479. 
His "Anatomy of Melancholy," 1 c. 

BuETON, William Eyans, English actor, III. 479. 

Bcbton-CPON-Teent, town of England, HI. 
479. Abbey of Burton, 480, 1 a. 

Bdrtsohkid [boort'-shite], town of Prussia, 
UI. 480. 

BuET [biSr'^o], town of England, III. 480. 

Bchv, Ange Henri Blaze de [bl5z dUb bfl-re], 
Preach author, IH. 480. Marie Pauline Hose 
Stuart, writer, 2 b. 

BuEY St. Edmund'b, town of England, III. 480. 
Norman tower and abbey, 481, 1 h (ill.). 

Barying alive, prevention of, III. 454, 1 c ; IX. 
SI, 2 c. 

Bdb, Cesar de [diili biia], French priest, a foun- 
der of religious orders. III, 481. 

Bvmcchino [boo-zSk-ke'-no] : see BtsAOQriwo. 

nuaaireh [boo-si'-ra], town, supposed site of 
Bozrah of Edom, III. 175, 2 a. 

EusBE'ijTriu8,Augeriu9Gislenins,Elemiah schol- 
ar and statesman. III. 481. 

BcsCA [boos'-ka], town of Piedmont, HI. 481. 

BOscH, Johann Georg [biish], German philan- 
thropist and statistician. III. 482. 



BUTE 



141 



BflacmNo, Anton Friedrich, German geogra- 
pher, HI. 482. 

BuecttUiNS, JohannKarlEduard[boosh'-mSa], 
German philolopst. III. 482. 

Busech [boo'-zek], last prince-bishop of Bam- 
berg, II. 260, 2 c. 

BpsEMBiiTM, Hermann [boo'-zem-bowm], Ger- 
man theologian, III. 482. 

Byah, Br., pseudonymo of David BushneH, HI. 
484, 2 a. 

Bush, George, American theologian and author, 
III. 482 ; XVI. 203, 1 b. 

Busft cranberry, fruit of Guelder rose, VIII. 
295, 2 c. 

Bushel, measure. III. 482. Imperial, 483, 1 a. 
Winchester, ih. Of the state of New York, 
1 ab. 

Bvsh goat, I. 645, 2 a. 

Bmh honeyaiiclle, XVT. 536, 2 c. 

BusHiBB [boo-sheer'], seaport of Persia, III. 
483 (ill.). 

Bushman, dialect, I. 171, lb; IX. 9, 2 ab. Its 
sounds. III. 483, S c. 

Busftman'i clod, II. 130, 2 c. 

BnaiiMEN, tribe of S. Africa, III. 483 (ill., 484). 
Origin of the name, 1. 169,1 c. Great Bush- 
man Land, HI, 483, 2 c. 

BusHNELL, David, American inventor, III. 484. 

BusHNELL, Horace, American clergyman and 
author, HI. 484. (Died 1876.) 

Bush rangers, escaped convicts in Tasmania, 

XV. 579, 2 c. 

Buaka, snake, 51. 840, 1 a. 

Bus'sEY, Benjamin, merchant of Boston, III. 
484. School of agriculture and horticulture 
at Harvard founded by Lira, VIII. 499, 2 b. 

BvMone, Francesco [boos-so'-na] ; see Oaema- 

Buma [boos-soo'J, Brazilian palm, HI. 224, 1 b. 

BuasY d'Amboise, Louis de Clermont de [ba- 
se da°'-bw4z], French cavalier, prominent in 
the St. Bartholomew massacre, IH. 484. 

BTTSTAMANTE,Anastaaio[boos-ta-man'-ta], pres- 
ident of Mexico, III. 485. 

Bca'TAED, bird, HI, 485. Great bustard, 3 a 
(ill.). Little bnatard, 2 o (ill., 486). Black- 
headed and other species, 486, I b, ff. Aus- 
tralian bustard, 2 ab (ill.). 

Buta'lis cerealel'la, Angoumois grain moth, 

XVI. 589, 1 c. 

Butanleujju [boo-tfln-la-oo'-voo], a native name 

of the Biobio, H. 646, 2 a. 
BuTOHEB Bird, III. 486; ill., 487. 
BcTE, island of Scotland, IH. 487. 



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142 BUTE 

Btitb, 3olm Stnart, fhird earl o(, Britbli states- 
man, III. 487. Jolin Patrick Crichton Stu- 
art, third marqnis of, 488, 1 b. 

Butea gum [boo'-ta-a], X. 13, 1 a. 

Bii'teo (ornithology), III. 506, la. B. borealis, 
1 ab. B. lineatnB, 1 bn. B. hyomalis, 1 c. 
B. elegans, iS. B. Pennsylvajiicns, ib. B, 
Tulgaris, 2 b (ill.). 

Bbtb'shibe, county of Scotland, III. 488. 

Butmix, Father Jaequeg [bft-ttih], Frencli mis- 
Bionary, II. 96, 1 b. 

MuU, Lucrezia [boo'-t«], miatress of Fra Filippo 
Lippi, S. C18, 1 ab. 

Butilli-Prignano, Bartolammeo [boo-teel'-le- 
pre-nyS'-no], (Pope Urban VI.), XVI. 231, 2 c. 

Bptleb, eight countiea. III. 488. 

Butler, county seats, II. 881, 1 a ; III. 488, 2 a; 
IV. BOB, 2 b. 

BrTi.BD, Alban, English theologian and author, 
JU. 489. 

Butler, Andrew Pickens, American senator, 
III. 489. His report on the fugitive slave 
law, 1 c. Ilia last speech, indirectly leading 
to the assault on Mr. Sumner, 2 a, 

BuTi.BR, Benjamin Franklin, lawyer and poli- 
tician of Now York, III. 489. 

Bdtleb, Benjamin Franklin, lawyer and poli- 
tician of Massachusetts, III. 489. 

BuTLEit, Charles, English historian and lawyer, 
III. 490. 

Butler, Frwnee* Anne (Fanny Eemble), IX. 
784, 2 b. 

BuTLKK, James, duke of Ormond : see Oemond. 

BctLEH, James, American soldier of the reso- 
lution, III. 490. 

Bltlek, John, tory leader in the revolution, 
III. 490. Rewarded by the British govern- 
-enl, 2 c. 

BuTLEft, Joseph, English theologian, III. 490. 

Butler, Samnei.Engliahsatiricalpoet, III. 491. 

BsTTLBB, Samnel, English bishop and philolo- 
gist, III. 491. 

BoTLEB, Walter, Irish soldier of fortune, HI. 491. 

BuTLBB, William, American soldier, III. 493. 

BOTLER, William, American clergyman and 
missionary, III. 492. 

BcTLEE, William Allen, American lawyer and 
poet. III. 492. 

BuTLKE, William Orlando, American soldier 
and politician. Til. 492. 

Butorides Jtiret'eene [ba-tor'-e-deez], (ornithol- 
ogy), n. 6T0, 2 a (iU.). 

Butt, Isaac, Irish lawyer, politician, and author, 
m. 492. 



BUTTEICK 



roe of mullet, VII. 229, 1 a. See 

Botargo (Indes). 
Butte [bate], county. III. 498. 
Butte Mortemart [bQt mort-mar], in the Bois 

de Boulogne, III. 154, 1 b. 
Butter, III. 493. Making of, S ab ; I. 317, 

1 b. Butter factories, III. 494, 1 a. Grain 
in butter, 1 c. Clouting, 2 c. Ure's direc- 
tions for curing butter, 495, 1 a. Oldest 
mention of it^ 1 ah. Production of in the 
United States, 2 a. 

Butt^, vegetaik, XII. 789, 1 a. 

Butter Urds, II. 767, 1 be. 

Buttercup, plant, XIV. 203, 2 be. 

" Butter and egge," daffodil, XII, 145, 2 ab. 

BuTTEKFiBLD, William, English architect. III, 
495. 

Butter Jink, II. 710, 2 b. 

BcTTEKFLT, III. 495. General description, 1 e. 
Metamorphoses, 496, 3 a. PapiUo aateriaa, 
497, 2 a (ill.). Pamaasina Apollo, 488, 1 a 
(ill.). Peacock butterfly, 499, 1 a (i)i.). An- 
tiopa butterfly, 1 c (HI-)- Semicolon butter- 
fly, 3 b. Coppera, 600, 1 c. Skippers, ib. 
(ill.).— Strength of the butterfly's wings, 
IX. 313, 1 c. White butterfly (turnip or pot- 
herb fly), XVI. 76, 1 c (ill.). The butterfly 
as an emblem. III, 501, 1 a. See Psyche, 
beginning and end of the article. 

Butterfly Ji^, II. 710, 1 o (ill.), 

Batt^y feeed, XI. 546, 1 c. 

Buftemiilkehannel, New Torkbay, III. 817, 2 b. 

BuTTERKur, tree. III. 501 (111.). 

Butters, in chemistry. 111. 601. 

Bbtter Tree, III. 501. Indian butter tree, 

2 c ; African, 602, 3 a (ill.). 

Butterv^eed, VII. 266, 1 ab. 

Butterwort, plant, XIII. 630, 1 o (ill.). 

BuTTES [hot], village of Switzerland, III. 503, 

BuTTisHOLZ [boot'-is-holta], village of Switzer- 
land, IU. 602. 

BuTTMAirs, Philipp Karl [boot'-mgn], German 
philologist, III. 502. 

Button, III, 502. Gilt buttons, 2 b ; covered, 
503, 1 a; self-faatening, 3 b; of vegetable 
ivory, S c. 

BuTTOs, SirThomas,Eng]ishnavigator, III.503. 

ButtonbaU, tree, Xlll. 573, 1 ah. Button- 
balls, 2 a. 

BuTioswoon: see Plane Tkbb, XIII. 672, 1 a, be. 

Buttress, in Gothic architecture, I. 663, 3 e. 
Flying buttress, il>., and 664, 1 b (ill.). 

Buttrich, Major John, revolutionary soldier, 
V. 206, 2 c, 207, 1 a (Oonooed). 



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BUTTS 

BcTTS, oonnty, III. 504. 

Butuntum, saci&Dt toy/ n: see Brroirro. 

BurnKLis, Dmitri Petrovitch [boo-toor-lin'J, 
Russian military writer, III. 504. 

Bott'eio Acid, III. 504. Production of from 
milk, X. 88, 1 a. Use of for adulterations, 
VI. 734, 1 a. 

BSizow [bat'-so], town of Germany, III. 504. 

BuKHOWDEir, Fried rich Wilhelm, count von 
[booi'-ho-den], Russian general, III. 504. 

BusroN, town of England, III. 504. Buxton 
diamonds, 2 c. 

BnxToif, Jedidiah, English calculator. III. 504. 

Bdstoit, Sir Thomas Powell, British legislator 
and philanthropist. III. 505. Charles, wri- 
ter, 3 a. 

BnsTOiiF, Johann [boox'-torf], German Hebra- 
ist, III. 505. Johann, Hebraist, 2 b, 

Jluxus (botany). III. 169, 2 ab. B. sempervi- 
rens, 2 c. B. Balearica, 170, 1 b. 

Buyer'» option, in stock dealings, SV. 3S8, 1 c. 

Buys-Ballot [boico-bal'-lotj, inventor of the 
aeroklinoscope, I. 143, 1 c His meteorolo- 
gical investigations and services, 11, 329, 
lb; IX. 82, I b; XV. 405, 3 c. 

BuYT^KDEBBH [boo-jook-da-ra'], village of Euro- 
pean Turkey, III. 605 (ill.). 

BczziRD, bird. III. 506. European, 2 b (ill.). 
Black hawk, 507, 1 a (ill., 600). 

Buzzabd's Bat, Massachusetts, III. 507, 

Byhloemerm [Dutch, bi'-bloo-raens], class of 
tulips, XVI. 25, 3 3. 

Bylbs, Mather, American clergyman and wit, 
111,507, 

Bylot My : see BiFFiu Bay. 

Bvnq, John, English admiral. III. S07. 

Byskeeshobk, Cornelia van [biae'-kers-hook], 
Dutch Jurist, III. 507. 

Btrd, WiEiam, American lawyer, HI. 507. 

Byrd, William, English composer: see BinnE. 

Byeohis, Justus [beer'-ghe-oos], Swiss inven- 
tor, III. 507. 

Bteom, John, English poet. III, 608. 

£yron, Augvata (Mrs. Leigh), half sister of the 
poet. III, 508, 1 b; 510, 1 b, 

Byron, Catharine Gordon, mother of the poet, 
III. 508, 1 b; 509, 1 c. 



BZOVIUS 



143 



BrRoN, George Gordon, lord, English poet, 
III. 508, Marriage, 510, 1 a. Separation 
from his wife, and the alleged ground, 1 b. 
Popular indignation against him, 1 c; aban- 
dons his country, 3 a, Eelations with the 
countess Guiccioli, 2 c. Joins the insurgent 
Greeks, 511, 3 b. His death, 2 c. His body 
refused interment in Westminster abbey, ih. 
Characterization, 512, 1 b. — Anne Isabella 
Milbanke, his wife, 509, 3 c; 512, 1 c Ada 
Augusta, his daughter, 3 a. 

Byron, Henry James, English playwright, III. 
513. 

Bybos, John, English admiral. III. 512. 

Byrou, John, ("mad Jack Byron"), father of 
the poet, HI. 508, 1 b. 

Byron, William, lord, great-nnclo of the poet, 
III. 608, 1 c, 3 0. 

Byron's lay, VIH. T39, 3 be. 

Bymt, citadel of Carthage, IV. 39, 1 be. 

Bysshs, filaments of mollusks. III, 513 ; XI, 
731, 2 c. Byssus of the ancients, fine flas 
or cotton, HI, 513, 1 b; VI. 529, 1 be; X. 
504, 3 a. 

Bystrom, Johan Nils [be'-strom], Swedish 
sculptor. III. 513. 

Bytown: see Ottawa, city of Canada. 

Bysace'na, ancient political division of Africa, 
XVI. 31, 1 c. 

Byz'antine antiquities in. Nbraay, XII. 498, 
2ab. 

Byzantiiis arehiteeture, I. 661, 1 b, 3 a ; mo- 
saics, XI. 857, 1 c; style of painting, XII. 
799, 1 0. 

Byzantine Empibe, III. 513. Its extent, 2 a. 
History, 2 b, ff. Imago controversy and 
iconoclasm, 515, 1 b, c, 3 b. The Latin em- 
pire established by the crusaders, 517, 1 a ; 
overthrown, 2 a. Conquests of the Turks, 
2 b ; Constantinople taken by them, 518, 1 c. 
Administrative government, 2 a. 

Byzantine Historians, IIL 618. 

Byzantine text of the A^eio Testament, 11. 611, 
2 b. 

Byzantium [be-zai 
519. 

Bzo'vius, Abrahan 



-sbe-nni], ancient city, IIL 
, Polish scholar, HI. 620. 



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D, a letter, III. 520. Derivation, 1 ab. Its , 
office in the early Latin, 1 b. Pronunciation 
and phonetic changes, 1 be. As a numeral 
and an abbreviation, 2 be. On French coins, 



Inn 



■.,ib. 



Caaba : see Mecca, XI. 314, 2 c. 

Cafi, of a locomotive, XV. 338, 2 ab. 

Oabai.', III. 620, The cabal ministry, 521, 1 a; 

II. 529, a c; VI. 620, 1 be; XIV. 808, 2 b. 
CAB'AtA, III. 621, Fnndamentfll ideas of the 

tbeosophio cflbftlism, 1 c. Cabalistic inter- 
pretation of the Hebrew Scriptares, 2 be. 
See XIII. 440, 1 a. 
Cabaluts : see Cabaia. Bible of the oabalists, 

III, 521, I be. Their doctrine of metem- 
psychosis, XI. 429, 1 c. 

Cahallero, Feman [k&-ba-lya'-ro] : see BiiHL 

Gabal'liea Provin'cia, ancient district ; see 

Chablais. 
CabalHens AgeT, ancient district: see Oha- 

Cahalli'vMm, ancient town: see ChIion-sbe- 
Sa6iie. 

Cabanel, Alexandre [ka-bit-niSl], French paint- 
er, III. 522. 

Oabanis, Pierre Jean George [k2-bii-neece], 
French physician and philosopher. III, 522, 

Calanw (Jean Louix), German nataralist, his 
classifl cation of birds, XII. T08, 1 b. 

OiBAB'ntfs, connty, III. 522. 

CABABBna, Francisco de, count [ka-ba-rus], 
Spanish financier. III. 523. 

Cabat, Nicolas Louis [M-b^], French land- 
scape painter. III, 623. 

Oabba&b, III. 523, Leaf and fiowers (ill.), 
3 b. Cultivation, 3 c, 

CiBBASB Palm, III, 524 (ill.). 

Cabeqa db Vaoa [ka-ba'-sa da vi'-ka] : see 
NuSez, Alvar. 

Cabel, Marie JosSphe [kii^bBl], Belgian singer, 
III. 524. 

Cab'ell, county. III. 524. 

Cabellio, ancient town : see Oavaillos. 

Cases, Gulf of [kS'-bess], III, 524. See Syetis 
Major. 

Cabbt, Etienne [kS-ba], French communist, 
in. 524 ; SIL 178, 1 a. 

OabiUo'nunit ancient town : see Osixofi-suB- 
Sa6iie. 



Cabik'da, seaport of Lower Guinea, III. 525. 

Cabinet, executive council, III. 525, In Great 
Britain, 1 b, lu the United States, 2 c. 
Origin of tiiia meaning of the word, VI. 
636, 1 b. 

Cabi'ei, heathen divinities, IH. 520. 

Cable, III, 536. Cable's length, 2 c. Hemp- 
en cables, il. Chain cables, 627, 1 ab. 
Forms of links, 1 b (ill). Bolt and shackle, 
2 c (ill). Mannfaoture, 528, 1 a. 

Gaboceera, African chiefs, VII. 82, 1 a. 

Caboche, Simonet [kfi-biJsb], leader of & French 
faction. III. 638. 

Caiochiana [ka-bo-she-ans] ; see Cabociib. 

Cabomba Oaroliniana (botany), XVI. 608, 1 e. 

Cabool', division of Afghanistan, 111, 538, 
Capital, 2 b (ill.). Proceedings of the Eng- 
lish at, I, 161, 1 c ; their expulsion, 2 b ; 
their retaliation, 1G2, 1 a, 

Cab'ot, George, American senator, III, 529. 

Cabot, John, discoverer of the continent of 
North America, III, 529; XVI, 149, 2 c. 
Sebastian, cosmographer and discoverer. III. 
530, 1 ; XVI. 149, 2 c. Discoveries of the 
Oabots, L 893, 3 fa; 668, 1 c; X. 73, 2 b. 

Cabot, J. Eliot, assistant of Agassiz, I. 176, 
2 be. 

Cahoto^Gmiarmi : see Cabot, John, 

Gabo Tormentoso, cape, Yll, 604, 2 a, 

Cabotville : see Chioopeb, 

Oabba [kA'-bra], town of Spain, IH. 631. 

Cabeal, Francisco [kil-brSl'], Portuguese mis- 
sionary, in. 531, 

Cabeal, Pedro Alvarez de, Portuguese navi- 
gator, III. 531 ; 231, 1 a. 

Oabhera, Earaon[k4-bra'-ra], count of Morella, 
Spanish general, HI. 681. (Died 1876.) 

Cahul [ka-booll : see Cabool. 

Caca'o [Sp, kS-kow'], tree, III. 531 ; ill., 532, 

Gacahuamilpa [ka-kft-wA-meel'-pa], cave of, in 
Mexico, XI, 825, 2 a, 

Gaca^ao [Port. ki-kS-zhow'], monkey, XI. 761, 
2 (ill.). 

Gacam [ka-kA-sool, fish, IV. 754, 2 b. 

GMatm'a, (ornithology), IV, 784, 1 b. C. 
Leadbeateri, 1 c (ill.), C. sulphurea, ib. 
0. Philippinarum, 2 b. 

Caeatui'TUS (ornithology), IV. 784, 1 a, 

fiW!'Mto(omithology), Sin. 142, 3 b. C.rufa 
ib. (ill.), C, Grffica, 143. 1 a. 



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ClCEEES 

CicEBE3 [ka'-tli5-race], province of Spain, III. 

533. Oapitai city, 2 b. 
CACHiLOT [basli'-a-lot], XVI. 581, 1 b (WniLE) ; 

III. T67, 2 be. 
Cache [kash], connty, III. 632 
CackemiTea-Temaviv [Itash-meer tair no], imi 

tation of Indian sliawla, XV 660, 1 ab 
Cachet, Lettres de [letr' dilii ka aha] French 

toyal warranta, III. 532. 
CACHEsii [ka-ltes'-e-a], in medicine, III. 533. 

Exophthalmic cachexia (heart diaease), VIII. 

566, 2 b. 
VnehoUng [kaV-o-long], variety of opal, XII. 

642, 1 b. 
Cd/Codyle : see Ka-Kodilb. 
CiCTus, genus of plants, III. 533. 0. melo- 

cactus, 2 be (ill.). C. flagellitormis, 534, 

1 be (ill., 533). C. grandiflorus, 634, 1 a. 
0. Opuntia, 2 a (ill.). 0. tnna, 3 b (ill.). 
C. oochinillifer, tS. (ill.). 

Cacamazin : see Oaminatzin. 
Oa'ous, legendary giant. III. 534. 
OADAniLso, Josfi de [ka-da-al'-so], Spanish 

author. III. 534. 
Cadalao, Pietro [kS-da-low'], antipope as Ho- 

norius II., VIII. 800, 2 a. 
Cadah'&i : see Cadalao (Index). 
CadaUo : see Oadahalso. 
Cad'dlui : see Cadalaa (Indes), 
Cadamos'to, or Oa da Mosto, Luigi, Italian 

navigator, III. 635. 
CaAan'erie rigi3Aty, I. 619, 2 b. 
Cadbb Fly, neuropterous insect. III. 635. 
Caidis warm, XI. 302, 1 a (Matplt). 
Caddo, parish of Lonisiana, III. 535. 
CADDOEe, Indian trihe, UI. 535. 
Cadb, John, English insurgent. III. 535. 
Oa'dell, Robert, Scottish bookseller, III. 535. 
Oadeney, marks of, in heraldry, VIII. 673, 

2 be, e. 

Gade'mM, a pseudonyme of Swift, XV. 522, 1 c. 
Oad'er Id'ria, mountain of Wales, XI. 408, 3 c ; 

XVI. 435, 2 c. 
Cades, Giuseppe [ki'-doss], Italian painter, 

III. 535. 
Cadeaia, iattle o/, between Persians and Arabs, 

XVI. 785, 2 a. 
Oadet db Vaus, Antoine Alexis Franfois [kS- 

da dQh vo], French chemist. III. 536. 
Codetta fuming liquor, IX. 788, 2 b. 
Cadi [ks'-de or kS'-de], Moslem ma^strate, 

m. 536. 
GADniAO, Antoine de la Motbe [la roote kS-de- 

lyik], French explorer, lit. 536 ; 11. 629, 2 b. 



O^SAR 



145 



Ca'diz [Sp.kA'-rteeth], province of Spain, III. 

630. Capital city, 2 a. Alameda of Cadiz 

(ill), 2 c. 
fahi county seats, VIII. 481, 3 be; XV. 865, 

I a 

Cadme a, ancient city, and the citadel of Thebes, 

X\ 689, 1 c. 
Cadme ana, primitive inhabitants of Thebes, 

II 774, 2 e. 

Cad'mia, mineral, III. 537. See Zino, XVI. 

817, 2 c; 818,3 c. 
Cadmium, metal, III. 537. Salts of, 538, 1 c. 
Cadmus, mythical king of Thebes, III. 638. 
Cadodaquios: see Caddoes. 
Cadotoal, Georges [ka-doo-dSl], leader of 

Breton insurgents, III. 538; IV. 521, 1 a, 

and bo. 
Caducibran'ehiaU amphibia, I. 437, 1 b. 
Cadu'ga: see Coorq. 

Cadwaladee, John, American soldier. III. 539, 
Cadsaw castle and forest, Scotland, VIII. 415, 

1 0. 

CcEcilia Contra, ancient city. III. 682, 2 b. 

Otecilian, bishop : see Dohatists, VI. 307, 2 b. 

Cboiliass, order of batrachians. III. 539. 

GfioiLins St Aims, Roman comic poet, III. 639. 

Cjt'cDM, in anatomy. III. 539. 

Cj;dmon [ked'-mon], Anglo-Sa.son poet, III. 
539 ; I. 504, 2 c. 

C'<Blian hill, in Rome, XIV. 409, 1 ab. 

C.SLIU8 AoBBLiAinrs, physician. III. 639. 

C.BUUS MoNS : see Roue, XIV. 409, 1 ab. 

Caen [ka"'], town of Franco, III. 539. Church 
of St. Pierre, 2 o ; apsis of (ill.), 540, 1 b. 

Caen atoTie, XIV. 600, 3 b. 

Ci^ebi'na (ornithology), XV. 476, 2 c ; 477, 1 b. 

Caer-Im [Itgr-isk'] : see Exeter, VH. 28, 2 a. 

CABELEOif [kEr-le'-on], town of England, III. 
540. Arthur's Round Table, 2 a (ill.), 

Caermaethen : see Carmarthen. 

Cabenaeton : see Carnarvon. 

Cwialpinia: see Brazil "Wood. 

Cesalpi'nos, Andreas, Italian physician and 
naturalist, III. 540; 133, 1 be (Botany). 

Cmar, title, VI. 585, 2 o. 

C^'sAE, Caius Julius, Roman general and 
statesman. III. 541. Suspected of complicity 
in Catiline's conspiracy, 2 a. First triumvi- 
rate, 2 c. Wars in Ganl, 543, 1 a. Inva- 
sion of Britain, ji. Passage of the Rubicon, 
1 c. Civil war, tb. Decision in favor of 
Cleopatra against Ptolemy, &>. ; his son by 
her, 543, 1 ab (see GaaaHon, Index). Pro- 
claimed dictator, 542, 2 a; imperator, il>. 



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146 



0JE8AE 



Conspiracy agaicat him, 2 bo. Assassinated, 
643, 1 a. His character, 1 ab, Hia works, 
1 b. — Theoriea of his landing in Britain, I. 
333, 1 a. His military syatem, I. 743, 1 e, 
if. Decree respecting physicians, XI. 347, 
1 b. His treatment of Varro, XVI. 269, 3 c. 

C..E8AB, Sir Julius, English jurist. III. 543. 
His friendship for Lord Bacon, 2 c. 

CiSABBA [ses-a-re'-a], ancient city of Jiidea, 
III. B44 ; ruins of (ill-), iit. ; ancient harbor 
of, XIII. 5, 1 c. Ancient city of Cilieia, 
III. 544, 1 b. 

Casarea A-agutta, ancient city : see Sara- 
QossA, SIV. 637, 3 c, 628, 1 a. 

C-ssa'beah Skotion, in obatetricB, III. B44 ; 
XII. 570, 3 bo. 

Ctefare'nm, a church in Alexandria, scene of 
Hypatia's murder, IX. 134, 2 e. 

Casa'rttms, or Cces'aTiaeg, seceding Franciscans, 
VII. 436, 3 c. 

Caearion, son of Jnliua Ctesar by Cleopatra, 
III. 543, 1 ab ; IV. 668, 1 ab, 669, 1 b. 

G<^*arodu'fiv.m, ancient city r soo Touks. 

CiBi(vrom'agu8, ancient city : see Beaovaib, 

Cesicm, metal, III. 545. Discovery of, X. 
15, 3 be. 

C-SKius, Bassus, Roman poet. III. 545. 

Gaeta [lia-e'-ta], ancient city: see Gaeta. 

Oaf [kaf], legendary monntain range encir- 
cling the earth. III. 545. 

Caffa: see Kaffa. 

Caffaeel'li, Italian vocalist. III. 545. 

Caffahelu Franjois Marie Auguste, French 
soldier III 545 

CArFAKELii BO Faloa, Louia Marie Joseph 
MasimiiieD French soldier and writer. III. 
545 

Cafjei« acid, V 15 2 c. 

Caffeine [kaf le m], active principle in coffee, 
III. 546. 

Caffeone, volatile oil o£ coffee, T. 15, 2 c. 

Capfi, Ippolito [kflf'-fo], Italian painter. III. 
546. 

Caffka'kia, country of Africa, III. 54C. Zoo- 
loo youths (ill.), ih. British Caflraria, 547, 3 a. 

0^«», III. 547, la; 743,1a; YI. 767, 1 be. 
Caffre dialect, 1. 171, 1 bo. 

Oafbeibtan : see Kafibistan. 

Oaoayan [ka-ga-yfin'] : see Luzon. 

Cagatait Sooloo, island of the Malay archi- 
pelago, III. 647. 

Cagli [ka'-lye], town of Italy, III. 547. 

Oaoliaei [kS'-lyfi-re], province of 
III. 547. Capital city, 546, 1 a. 



CAISSON 

Oagliari, Paolo (Paul Veronese), ItaJian paint- 
er, III. 548. 
Gagliari, steamer, seizure and confiscation of, 

VII. 135, 1 ab. 
Gaoliostko, Alessandro di, count [k^-lyoce'- 

tro], Italian ehflrlatan. III. 548. 
Oaqsola, Lnigi, marquis [kS-nyo'-la], Italian 

architect, III. 649. 
Caonoli, Antonio, Italian mathematician, 111. 

649. 
Oagots [ka-go], outcast race of France and 

Spain, III. 649 ; IV. 116, 1 b. 
Cahagsbt, Louis Alphonse [kil-fi-nya], French 

spiritualist. III. 660. 
Cabaw'ba, river of Alabama, HI. 550. 
Cahaicba, county seat, V. 643, 2 c. 
Cahen, Samuel [ka4"], French Hebraist, III. 

550. 
Oahin'oa, drug, III. 550. 
Oahobs [kSror], town of France, III. 660. 

Eoman amphitheatre, 2 a (ill.). 
Cahordaa, class of pawnbrokers, XIII. 197, 1 b. 
CaliToes, California Indians, X. 22, 1 b. 
Calvuehu [ka-oo'-choo], Indian name of caout- 
chouc, III. 734, 1 c. 
CaiaJc, boat of the Esquimaux, VI. 780, 1 c. 
Oai'aphab, Jewish high priest. III. 5ol. 
Caiaszo [kfi-yilt'-so] r see Oajakzo. 
Oaioos [ki'-koce], four of the Bahama islands, 

m. 551. 
Oaille, Nicolas Louis de la : see La Caille. 
Caillet, Guiilanme [ki-ya], French insurgent: 

see jAcQuEBie. 
Cailliaiid, Fr6d6ric [kS-yo], French traveller 

and explorer, III. 651. 
Caillib, Ren^ [kfi-ya], French traveller, III. 551. 
Oais, eldest son of Adam, III. 561. 
Cai'M.a [kfi-een'-ka], plant: see Cahisca. 
Caih'ites, sect. III. 651 ; VIH. 64, 3 b. 
^A Ira [s& 6-ra], French revolutionary eonj.', 

in. 551. 
Caihd, James, Scottish agnculturist, III. 563. 
Caied, John, Scottish clergyman, III. 552. 
Cairngorm', mountain, I. 22, 2 c; pebbles, iS. 
Caimea, J. E., XIII. 674, 1 a (Political Ecob- 

Cairrm, mounds in Ireland, IS. 355, 1 a. 

Cairo [kl'-ro], city, capital of Egypt, HI. 552. 
Modem street in (ill.), i5. Mosqne of Tnlun, 
553, ] b (ill.) ; of Mehemet Ali, 2 a (ill.). 

Cairo [ka'-ro], city of Hlinois, 111. 554. 

{7(ii»»e Za/iwjfe [kase 13,-farzh], aFrench tontine, 
XV. 797, 1 a. 

Cais'son [Fr. ka-so°"], in architectare and engi- 



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CAISSONS 

neering. III. 654. The ordinary caisaon, 2 o. 
Open or bottomlesa caissons, 555, 1 c. In- 
verted caissons, 2 b. Bush's caisson, 556, 
1 a (ill.). Oaissoa of East river bridge, 557, 

1 c (111.). 

Cwkmna, ammiinitioa wagons, I. 429, 2 a. 

CAiTH'NEas, county of Scotland, III. 558. 

Ciius [Ita'-yos], Roman general. III. 558. 
Theologian and bishop, 1 c. Saint and 
bishop of Rome, ib. 

faiuj, jurist: see Gaius. 

OAnrs, John, English physician, III. 558, 

Cajamakoa [kd-'ha-mar'-ka], department of 
Peru, III. 558. Capital city, 2 c. Antiqui- 
ties of, 559, 1 h. 

Cajatambo [kfi-'ha-tSm'-bo], town of Pern, 
III. 559. Province, 1 c. 

Cajazzo [ka-yAt'-so], town of Italy, III. 559, 

CAj'apuT Oil, III. 559. Cajepiit tree, iS. (ill.). 

Cajetas, Benedetto ; aeo Boniface VIII, 
Tommaao de Vio, cardinal, III. 660, 1 a. 
Enrico (Sermaneto), cardinal, 1 b. 

Oajetam: see TnairiNEs, SV. 685, 1 a, 

CajetanvM: see Cajetan. 

Cake lake., coloring matter, X. 76, 1 be 

Qakta denomination [sak'-ta], in Brahmanism, 
IX. 229, 1 he. 

Calabar', part of the Guinea coast. III. 560. 

Calabae Beak, III, 560 (ill.). As an anti- 
spasmodic, I. 573, 1 c, 

GaV<Aash, sweet, VIII, 149, 1 be (Gbakadilla). 

Calabash Tbeb, III. 560 (ill, 561), 

Calabozo [kft-14-bo'-8o], town of Venezuela, 
IK. 561. 

Oalabbbse, 11 [k&-IS-bra'-za] ; see Fbeti, Mat- 

Oala'beta [Ital, kA-14'-bre-a], southern part of 

Italy, lU. 561. 
Calairia, ancient: see Apdma, I, 608, 1 b, 

and Mkssapia. 
Cctlabria Citeriore [che-ta-re-o'-ra]\ see Oo- 

Calabria Ulteriore I. and II. [ool-ta-re-o'-rfi] : 
see Beooio di Oalabbia, and Catanzabo. 

GalcArvim {Calabri), an Italic race, IX, 489, 
1 c; XL 416, 1 b. 

Caladium (botany), III, 562, C, esculentnm, 

1 c (ill.). 
CaWMm (ornithology), XIH. 506, 1 c C. Ni- 

cobarica, 2 a (ill.), 
Galagur'ri), ancient town r see Calahoeba. 
Calahobga [kiUM-oar'-ra], town of Spain, HI. 

563, 
Calais [kal'-is], city of Maine, III. 563. 



OALATKAVA 



147 



Calais [kS-ia], town of Franco, III. 663. 
Place d'Armeg, &a. (ill.), 3 a. 

Calamagro^tu arena'ria (botany), XIV. 341, 
Ibc 

Oalamah'dbk Wood, III. 563, 

Oal'amary, a name of the squid, XV. 294, 2 a, 

Calauat'ta, Luigi, Italian engraver, III, 563. 
Josephine, painter, 564, 1 a. 

Oalambu'co, timber tree. III. 664. 

OiLAME, Alexandre [ka-lam], Swiss painter, 
111. 564. 

Caia'mem (botany), XIII, 18, 2 a, 

Calamiahes [ka-Ia-me-a'-nace], group of the 
Philippine islands, III, 664, 

Oalaminb [kal'-a-min or -mine], ore of zinc, 
III, 564, Electric calamine, 3 b ; in phar- 
macy, J6. See Zinc, XVI. 817, 3 c; 818, 
2c; 820, lb. 

Calamib, Greek statuary, III. 665. 

Calami'ta Carolina,' sis (zoology), XV. 854, 2 c, 

Cal'amites [generic, sing, and pi,, kal-a-mi'- 
teez], fossil plants. III. 565 (ill.). 

Calamcs, 111. 565. A reed used for writing, 

1 c. Musical instrument, 2 b, — Genns of 
palms : see Palm, XIII, 18, 2 b, 0. rotang, 

2 c (01.). 0. Soipionum, 19, 1 ab. 0, draco, 

1 b; 11. 349, 3 a.— The sweet flag. III. 565, 

2 b (ill.). 

Calamt, Edmund, EngUsh clergyman. III. 565. 
Edmund, D. D., 566, 1 a. 

Oalab'cha, Frey Antonio de la, Peruvian wri- 
ter, m. 566. 

Oalanb, Roman Catholic brotherhood, 111, 566. 

Caiand.Ta (entomology), II. 477, 3 b, 0. grana- 
ria, XVr. 535, 3 c, 0. palmarum, 536, 1 be. 
0. sacchari, 1 o, 

OahmAHn'ia (botany), XPV, 96, 1 ab. 

Galas, Jean [kS-lfis], French Protestant mar- 
tyr, III. 566. 

Calasatietiui, St. Joseph: see Caaalanza (In- 
dex). 

Oalasoibbtta [k&-l&-8he-bet'-ta], town of Sici- 
ly, III, 566. 

Oalabio, Mario de [k4-li'-ze-o], Italian Hebra- 
ist III. 566, His Hebrew concordance, 3 be, 

Galadrii, Egyptian warrior caste, I, 737, 1 a. 

Calataplmi [ka-ia^ta-fe'-me], town of Sicily, 
III. 566. Battle of, 3 c. 

Calataoibosb ; see Oaltaoieone. 

Calataytto [kS^lS-ta-yooifi'J, town of Spain, 
III, 567, 

Calatrata la Vieja [kfi-la-tra'-va U ve-a'- 
'ha], city of Spain, III. 567. Order of Oala- 
trava, 1 b. 



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148 



CALATANCES 



Goilaoaneet., species of pea, IX. 513, 1 b. 

CAtiVEEAS [kal-a-Ta'-ras], county. III. 567. 

OiLATERAS, river of Cal^ornia, III. 567. 

Oal'oar, Jan Stephao van, FlomisL painter, 
III. 667. 

Galearemu alabaaUr, I. 284, 2 c. 

CalatreoJis com^lainta, German wines a pre- 
ventive of, VII. 773, 1 ab. 

Cakareous eor(7w, their causticity discovered, 
n. 674, 2 bo. 

Cawjakbotjs Sfab, mineral. III. 667. 

Oaloabeocs SpEiNGfl, in. 567. Calcareous 
tafa, 568, 1 b. 

Caicasieu [kal'-ka-shu], river of Louisiana, 
III. 668. 

Caloasieu, parish of Louisiana, III. 668. 

Oaleeamenta, ancient shoes, SIV. 873, 2 a. 

Galeei lanaU, ancient shoes, XIV. 878, 2 a. 

Caleeus, ancient shoe, XIV. 873, 1 c, 

Oalchas [kal'-kas], legendary soothsayer, III. 
668. 

Calcification^ in heart disease, VIII. 562, 2 b. 

OaMte, crystal, V, 538, 2 c ; 540, S a ; 641, 1 b ; 
XIV. 370, 1 bo. 

Caloium, metallic base of lirne. III. 568. Ox- 
ide of, X. 47T, 2 ab ; chloride of, 478, 1 b, 
480, 1 ab; snlphide of, 1 o, XV. 150, 2 ab; 
bisulphide of, X. 478, 2 a; pentasulphide of, 
%b.\ phosphuret of, 2 b; hypophosphite of, 
2 c; nitrate of, 479, 1 be. 

Caleium, light, IIL 568, 2 c. 

Oaleopyrite, copper pyrites, XIV. 109, 1 c. 

Calc gpar, X, 481, 2 a. See Oaloabeous Spab. 

Calc tvff, deposit of calcareous springs, IIL 

568, 1 b. 

Caloulatikq Maohises, III. 568. Pascal's, 

569, 1 b. Leibnitz's, 1 bo. Babbage's, 1 c. 
Scheutz's, 3 b. 

Calculi, stone-like concretions in the body. III. 
669, Urinary calculi, 570, 1 a. Gall atones, 

1 c. 

CAtocLds, in mathematics, III. 570. Imaginary, 

2 b. Eesidual, ih. Differential, 2 c. Inte- 
gral, 671, 1 b. CalonluH of variations, 1 be. 
Calcnlns of quaternions, 1 c; VIII. 424, 2 b. 
Treatises on caTcalns, III. 571, 3 b. See 
Mathematics, XI. 375, 1 a, 2 a ; 276, 2 b. 
Discovery of the differential calcnlus. III. 
571, 1 a; controversy concerning it, X. 824, 
1 b, and 211. 349, 1 b (iniinitesimal analy- 
sis). Germ of, VII. 701, 1 c. 

Calcutta, city of Hindostan, III. 671. Gov- 
ernment buildings and Oohteriony monu- 
ment (ill.), 573. 



CALENDAR 

Caldani, Leopoldo JTarco Antonio [kai-da,'-nej, 
Italian anatomist. III. 574. 

Caldaea, Antonio, Italian composer, III, 574. 

Caldaea, Polidoro : see Oabavaggio. 

Calda'rium, in ancient baths, II. 383, ] b, 2 a. 

Caldas, Francisco JosS de, naturalist of New 
Granada, IIL 574. Scientific jonrnal pub- 
lished by, 1 c; republished, ib., and I. 69, 1 c. 

Oalhas Pbreiba »b SorzA, Antonio [kll'-dSa 
pa-ra'-e-ra da so'-za], Brazilian poet, III. 574. 

Oaldbr [kawl'-der], river of England, III. 674. 

Calder : see Cawdos. 

Caldeea [k&l-da'-ra], seaport of Chili, III. 574. 

Calbehon de la Babca, Frances Inglis, ma- 
dame [kal-da-rono' da IS bar'-ka], Anglo- 
Spanish authoress, III. 574. 

Caldeeok db la Baeoa, Pedro, Spanish dram- 
atist, IIL 574; SV. 222, 1 ab. 

Oaldekwood, David [kawl'-der- wood], Scottish 
clergyman, III. 676. 

Ccddera,ood,ITenry, XIIL 445, 3 c (PniLOSOPnT). 

Camieho [kal-de-ft'-To], village of Italy, III. 
676. Military actions at, 2 c. Springs of, iS. 

Caldweli. [kawld'-wel], five counties. III. 677. 

Caldwell, village of New York, III. 577. 

Caldwell, Charles, American physician. III. 
577. 

Caldwell, James, American clergyman and rev- 
olutionary patriot, the " soldier parson," III. 
577. His exhortation, "Put Wattsinto them, 
boys," 578, 1 a. 

Caldwell, Joseph, D. D,, American scholar, 
IIL 578. 

Ca'le, or Portus Cale, site of Oporto, XII. 651, 
Ibc. 

Caki, Abyssinian king, I. 45, 3 c. 

Calbdo'kia (Scotland), II!. 578. Derivation 
of the name, VH. 562, 1 c. 

Calebonia, county, HI. 578. 

Caledonia, county seat, VIII. 14, 2 c. 

Oaledonii, ancient people of Scotland, III. 578, 
Ib. 

Ca'lef, Robert, American merchant. III. 578. 
His work agMnat witchcraft publicly burned, 
3 b. 

Caleia [Ita-le'-ya], ancient town ; aee Cillt. 

Cal'esdar, III. 578. Greek division of the 
month, 2 c ; Roman, 679, 1 a. Calendar from 
Pompeii, 1 ab (ill.). Solar year, ii, Julian 
calendar, 1 o; Gregorian, 3 a and c. Rule 
for movable church feasts, 2 b. Lunar cycle, 
2 be. Golden number, jS, Beginning of the 
year in diiferent nations, 2 c. Old style and 
new style in England, 580, 1 b. French rev- 



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CALENDERING 

oltttioaary calendar, 1 b. Id ancient northern 
nations of Enrope, I c— Mohammedan calen- 
dar, VIII. 613, 2 b. Bill for the reformation 
of the calendar in England, IV. 390, 1 a; 
effected by statute in 1751, VII. 706, 1 c; 
popular objection to it, XI. 498, 1 b. Altera- 
tion of the calendar by Peter the Great, XIII. 
350,3 a: see Calendar, III. 570, 2 a, 580, 1 c. 

Oalendbeino, III. 680. Smoothing calender, 
introduction ol, 581, 1 a. Folding, 2 b. 

GaUnder), dervishes, VI. 33, 1 o. 

Cahndi, first day of a month (Roman), III, 
5T9, 1 a. 

GaUn'dula officina'lu (botany), XI. 166, 2 a. 

Oal'bstitrk, a febrile disease, III. 581. 

Calepin [kai-pa"*], scrap book. III. 681, 2 e. 

Calbpino, Ambrogio [kfi-lii-p6'-no], Italian lexi- 
cographer, III. 581. 

Gales [ka'-leoz], a name of Cadiz, III. 53T, 1 e. 

Galeti, or Caletes [ka-lB'-ti, -teez], ancient Ar- 
morio tribe, X. 470, 1 o. 

Calf [k&t], III. 582. Rearing of calves, 1 b. 
Robert Colt's rules for feeding, 1 c. 

Calhotih [kal-hoon'], ten counties, HI. 582. 

Calhoun, county seats, VIII. 112, 1 a; X. 797, 
1 a. 

Calhoos, John Caldwell, American statesman, 
III. 583, His course in congress in regard 
to the war with England, 684, 1 c; to 
the national bank, 2 he; to internal im- 
provements, 585, 2 a. Appointed secre- 
tary cf war, 2 h. His opinion on the 
Missouri compromise, 589, 1 a; 690, 1 b. 
Elected vice president, 586, 1 he. Oppodtion 
to the protective system, 2 a. His breach 
with President Jaokaon, 587, 1 a. Elected 
U. S. senator, 1 be. The nullification move- 
ment, 2 a. Condemns tJie removal of the 
deposits, 2 c. His report against anti-slavery 
pnblicationa, 588, 2 a. The public lands, 589, 

1 b. Oratorical contest with Henry Clay, 2 b. 
His pro-slavery resolutions, 590, 1 a; S91, 

2 c. Appointed secretary of state, 590, 3 b. 
Annexation of Texas, ifi. Returns to the 
senate, 591, 3 a. Opposes the Mesican war, 
ib. ; 692, 1 c. His views of the Monroe doc- 
trine, 2 a. His last speech, 593, 1 a, Web- 
ster's estimate of him, 1 c. His character, 3 b. 

Oalkoun, Patrick, father of J. C, Calhoun, III. 

683, 2 b, c. 
Calutri, Paolo: see Cagliari. 
Calico, origin of the word, III. 594, 1 o, and V, 

402, 2 c ; different meanings of. III. 594, 1 o. 
Galico hueh, IX. 737, 2 a (Kalmia). 



CALKING 



149 



Ciuoo Pbibtiho, III. 594. Processes of the 
ancient Egyptians and others, 2 a, ff. Pres- 
ent process, 595, 1 c. Copperplate print- 
ing, 2 c ; cylinder printing, *S. Preparing 
and applying colors and mordants, 596, 2 ab. 
Use of aniline colors, 597, 3 b, 

Caliodt, seaport of British India, IIL 598. 

Galida'rium, ancient place, HI. 578, 2 c (C. 

CalidTU (ornithology), XIV. 5B8, 1 be. C. a 
nai'ia, 1 c (ill,). 

Calieorbia, state, III. 698. State seal, 3 
Population, 599, 1 a. Mountams, 2 ab. Val- 
leys, 600, 1 c. Sea coast, 2 h. Rivers, 601, 
1 a. Lakes, 1 c. Geology, 2 a. Mineral- 
ogy, 2 c. Gold mining, 602, 1 b. Qnicksil- 
vei', &c., 2 h, ff. Climate, 603, 3 a. Soi 
and prodnctions, 604, 3 b. Flora, 606, 1 a 
Fauna, 2 ab. Natural curiosities, 2 c, Manu 
facturee, 607, 3 a. Commerce, 608, 1 a. In- 
tercommunication, 3 b. Government, 609, 

1 c. Finances, 610, 1 be. State institutions, 

2 b. Education, 611, 1 a. Libraries and 
periodicals, 612, 1 b. Religion, I c. His- 
tory, 2 a, 

Galifomia, connty seat, SI. 748, 1 o. 

California, great tree of, XIV. 773, 3 a. 

California, Gull of, III. 613. 

California, Indians of. III. 618. 

California, Lower, III, 614. Lower Califor- 
nia company (of New York), 615, 2 a. 

California lilac, so-called, XII. 312, 2 a. 

Caligi, fish lice, VI, 694, 2 a. 

Oauony, Jean Antenor Hue de [a dilh kii-le- 
nye], French military and civil engineer, 
IIL 615. 

Cauq'cla, OfduB Cesar Augastus Germanicus, 
Roman emperor. III. 615. 

Galipaeh : see Callipash (Indes), 

Cal^ee: see CalHpee (Indei). 

Ca'liph, title of the successors of Mohammed, 
m. 616. Lines of caliphs (table), 618, 1 a. 

Galip'pic cycle, in astronomy, III. 618, 1 c. 

Calippub, Greek astronomer, III, 618. His 

Galiver, firearm, XII. 100, 2 b. 

Oaustises [ka-lix'-tina], branch of the Hus- 
sites, IIL 618 ; IX. 93, 1 be ; XVI. 829, 3 c. 
Followers of Gteot^e Calixtus, HI, 618, 1 c. 

CALiXTtrs, name of three popes. III. 618. 

GalixPua III., antipope, I. 379, 1 c. 

CALiSTtrs, George, Lutheran divine, III. 619. 
Founder of Syncretism, 1 h. 

Calking [kawk'-ing], in ships, XIV. 863, 3 ab. 



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150 



CAILA 



CiLLA, genus of plants, III. 619, C. palustris, 
1 c. 0. jEtliiopica, 2 a (ilL). 

CALLAUAif, connty, III. 619. 

Calla'o [Sp. ka-ljow'], town of Peru, III. 619. 

Callava, Col. [ka-Iya'-va], governor of Spanish 
Florida, imprisoned bj Andrew Jackson, 
IS. 491, 3 o. 

Oal'laway, two counties, III. 620. 

Oallcott, Sir Augustus Wall [kawl'-knt], Eng- 
lish painter, III. 620. John Wall, composer, 
1 c. Maria, authoress, 2 a- 

Calleja, Felijt del Eey [ka-lya'-'ha], conde 
de Cfllderon, Spanish general. III. 620. 

Cal'lenbke, James Thoiupsoii, Scotch-Ameri- 
can political writer, III, 620. 

Collet [kS-la], (Jean Franeois, ir44^'98), loga- 
rithmic tabka of, X. 678, 1 c. 

Calliehthys [tal-lik'-this], (ichthyology), VII. 



Callicratm and Icti'nvs [kal-Iik'-ra-teez], archi- 
tects of the Parthenon, II. 5S, 1 b. 

OAmoEAT'iDAe, Spartan general, III. 620. 

CALLiJiREis BoNBETUE, Louis Hector, chevalier 
de [kfi-ljair hun-vQj, governor of Canada, 
III. 631. 

CALUMAonue [kal-lim'-a-kus], Greek architect 
and statuary. III. 621, Alexandrian gram- 
marian and poet, 1 b, 

CalUnec'tea hasta'tua (crustacea), V. 449, 1 c 
(ill.). 

Calling the last turn, in faro, VII. 89, 3 be. 

OALLi'ifns OP Epeescs, Greek poet. III. 631. 

CaUioa'ymm (ichthyology), XV. 821, 3 b. 

Calliopm'a (mollasca), XI. 722, 3 e. 

Caixiope [kal-Ii'-o-pe], muse. III. 621 (ill.). 

Calliope [kal'-le-ope], county seat, XV. 68, 1 a. 

Calliope, steam organ, XII. 688, 3 b. 

Calli4>pe, the French ; see Desiiotj litres, VI. 
41, 2 b. 

CalUpash' : see GalUpee (Index). 

Gallipee', choice part of the flesh of the turtle 
(the lower, in distinction from callipash, the 
upper part), XVI. 79, 3 h, 

OalUph'ora Domito'ria (eutomologj), VII. 294, 
3 b. Maggots of, 296, 1 ab. 

Calhp'olis, ancient name of Gallipoli, VII. 
680, 3 c, and 581, 1 b. 

CalurshoE [kal-llr'-ro-e], a fountdn near 
Athens III. ^^l. 

CktlUrrhoe, nymph, I. 263, 2 h. 

Gallirrhoe, name of Edossa, Mesopotamia, 
under the Seleucidte, VI. 401, 2 b. 

Cal'lia, ancient town : see Oagli. 

Callken, George ; see Calistus. 



CALOEIC 

Callisen, Hendrik, Danish surgeon, III, 621. 
Adolph Carl Peder, surgical professor, 2 a. 

Callit/te (oi-nitLology), XV. 564, 1 b. C. fes- 
tiva, ib. 

Callisteia [kal-lis-te'-ya], festival. III. 621. 

Callisthbnbs [kal-lis'-tho-neoz], Greek phi- 
losopher, III. 631 ; I. 278, 1 he. 

CaUisthmi.'ics: see Gymkasxics, VIII. 352,1 c; 
354, 1 h. 

Oaiub'to, Arcadian njmph. III. 621. 

Oallib'tbatcs, Athenian orator. III. 631. 

Cal'Uthrix (zoology), XI. 751, 2 a. C. sei- 
nreus, ji, 0. primfevus, 763, 3 a. 

Calloc^h'abu (zoology), XIV. 732, 1 a. 

Callorhi'nm nni'mii (zoQlogy), XIV. 734, 
! ah (ill.). 

Callorhyn'ehtu amtra'lis (ichthyology), XIV. 
727, 3 a. 

Oallot, Jacques [ki-ls], French painter and 
engraver, III. 623. 

Calluna (botany), VIII. 580, 1 h. C. Ttilgaris, ih. 

Callus, hardness of the skin from friction or 
pressure, III. 632. Osseous growth, uniting 
fractured bones, 3 ab ; 61, 1 a (Bone), 

Cal'mar, district of Sweden, III. 622. Capi- 
tal, 3 c. Union of Oalmar, VI. 13, 1 be ; 
XL 167, 3 b; XII. 511, 1 b; XV. 508, 2 c. 
Its termination, IV. 526, 1 o. War of Oal- 
mar, IV. 537, 1 b. 

Cal'mbt, Augustiu [Fr, kSl-ma], French Bene- 
dictine scholar. III. 628. 

Calmoh, Marc Antoine [kftl-mO""], French 
political economist, III. 623. 

Cal'mttoes, Mongol people. III, 623. Calmuck 
costumes, 624, 1 a (ill., 633). 

Calo'gen: see Caloyers. 

Calomardk, Francisco Tadeo, count de [kS-lo- 
mar'-(Aa], Spanish statesman. III. 624. 

Oalornbier, Mile. [fcft-l6°'-bya] : see BorrArAETE, 
Napoleon, III. 37, 1 a. 

Cal'omel, suhchloride of mercury. III. 624. 
Methods of preparing it, 3 b. Its use in 
medicine, 625, 1 a; XI. 408, 1 e, 3 a. Na- 
tive calomel (ore of mei-cury), III. 624, 1 o ; 
IV. 601, 3 a. 

Oalonne, Charles Alexandre de [kii-lfln], 
French courtier and minister of state, III. 



lalop'tenu» tpre'tug (entomology), XIV. 871, 
1 c.(ill.). C. femur-rubnim, 3 c (ill.). C. 
Atlantis, 373, 1 a. 

see Spectrum, XV. 246, 1 a. 
3: aee Hbat, Vni. 567, 3 b. 
; Ebgise, III. 625. Priuciple of. 626, 



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CALOEIO 

1 a. Ericsson's, 1 be (ill.). Ericsson's im- 
proved, 2 ft (ill.). Eoper'a, 627, 1 b (ills.). 

Gahrie theory, VIII. 56T, 2 b. 

Calorie, tha kilogratnmo degree of beat, VIII. 
578, 2 b. 

Calorific ray* of UgM, 5. 440, 2 a. 

Ciifori/fcaiMm, pagt 'mortem : see Dowlee, VI. 
284, 2 be. 

Calobim'btbb, hi. 637. Black's ice-b!ock 
calorimeter, VIII. 673, S b (ill.). Ice 
calorimeter of Lavoisier and Laplace, 574, 
1 a (ill.). BiiJisen's, 1 be (ill,). 

Cahrimotor, Harili {Rolerf), VIII. 4S8, 3 c. 

Galmiimia angul'if'era fentoniologj), XV. 45, 
1 b. C. Prometbea, ib. 

Calotype, in pliotograpby, XIlI. 4e9, 2 b. 

Calo'vihs, Abraham, German divine, III. 627. 

Oalot'bes, Greek monks. III. 628. Female 
Caloyera, 1 be. 

Ual'pb, rock of Gibraltar, III. 628; I. 42, 1 c; 
VII. 800, 2 c; VIII. 679, 2 c. 

Calpkb', town of Britiab India, HI. 628. 

Calpce'otcs, Titas, Latin poet. III, 628, 

Caltagieone [kfi]-ta-jo-ro'-na], city o£ Sicily, 

Caltaniset'ta, province of Sicily, III. 628. 

Capital, 2 b. 
Caltka paluitris (botany), XI. 167, 1 b. 
C'altan MU [kawl'-tnn], near Edinburgh, VI. 

405, 2 b. 
CaiumbOf, a root; sue Colttmbo. 
Cal'umet, Indian naiiooal pipe, I. 403, 1 b. 
Oaj-umet, county, III. 628. Eiver : see Oal- 

CiLUMIOB:, river, IlL 638. 

Calu'rm Te^len'dem (ornithology), XV. 877, 
Sab. 

Calvaiws [k£l-Ta-doce], department of France, 
in. 629. 

CiLTAEEr, or Oalvart, Denis [kal'-vart], Flem- 
ish painter, III. 629. 

OalVaey, scene of tbe crucifixion. III, 629 ; 
IX. 616, 2 ft. 

Calteet [kawl'-vert], county. III. 639. 

Caltbet, George, first Lord Baltimore, Eng- 
lish statesman and colonizer. III. 629. Oeci- 
liu3, second Lord Baltimore, first proprietary 
of Maryland, 2 bo. Leonard, first governor 
of Maryland, 2 c. — Charles, Lord Baltimore, 
governor and proprietary, XI. 230, 2 a. 
Benedict Leonard, 2 b. Charles, a Protes- 
tant, restored to authority as proprietary, ib. 

Calvert, George Henry, American author, 
in. flSl. 



Caltert and ScaTboroagh line, boundary of 
Maryland and Virginia on the eastern shore, 
XL 230, 2 c. 

Oalvi, Lazzaro and Pantaleone, Genoese 
painters, IIL 631. 

Oalvin, John, French reformer, III. 631. Be- 
comes the champion of reform, 3 c. His 
"Institutes of tbe Christian Eeligion," 682, 

1 be. Ground idea of his system of theology, 

2 ab; its leading tenets, 2 b. BetOed in 
Geneva, 633, 1 a. Omission of Trinity and 
person in the Genevese creed, 1 be. Pres- 
bjterial system inaugurated, 634, 1 b. 
oleaiastical and civil dispntes, 2 a-b. Trial 
and execution of Servetns, 635, I a. Acad- 
emy of Geneva, 1 c. Extent of Calvin' 
fluence, S a. 

Qalting, of glaciers, XIII. 653, 2 b. 
Cahirmm, tbe tire points of, SIV. 253, 2 c. 
Caltis'ics, Sethns, German musician and 

chronologist, IIL 636. 
Oalvus, Caius Licinius Macer, Eoman orator 

and poet, m. 686. 
Oalw [kaiv], town of WOrtemberg, 111. 636. . 
Caix, in alchemy and chemistry. III. 636. 
Oalyd'na, island : see Tenbdos. 
Cal'ydon, ancient city of jEtolia, III. 636. 
Calydo'nian hunt, XL 369, 2 c (MELEAaEE). 
Caltmb'ne, genua of trilobites, III. 636; XV. 

868, 1 ab (ill.). 
Caltp'so, nymph, IIL 637. 
Calyptom'ena (ornithology), XI. 88, 2 a. C. 

viridis, 2 ab. 
Calyptorhyn'chu* (ornithology), IV. 784, 2 b. 

C. stellata, 785, 1 a (ill., 784). C. Tem- 

rainckii, 1 b. . 
Ca'lyx, in botany, XIIL 585, 1 a, o. Mono- 

sepalous or gamosepalous calyx, B8G, 2 a. 
Cam, river of England, III. 637. 
Cam, Diogo [kiL"'], Portuguese navigator. III. 

637. 
Gamaldolen'siana : see Camaldttles. 
Camal'doli, congregation of : see Camaldttles, 

and MoBAonisM, XL 730, 1 b. 
CAMAn'miLES, religions order. III, 637. 
Gamar'aemn, ancient name of Oambrai, III. 

641, 1 b. 
Camar'oo, Marie Anno, dancer. III. 637. 
Camaegub, La [13 kfi-marg], island of France, 

in. 637. 
Camaei'ha, ancient town of Sicily, III. 637. 
(^(Mnars, ancient town: see Clbsicm. 
Camata and camatina, tanning substances, 

XII. 558, I b. 



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152 



CAMBACEEfiS 



OAMBAcfiBfcs, Jean Jacques Rfigis de [ra-zheece 
dtih ka^-ta-sa-rflce], duke of Parma, French 
statesman. III, 63T. 

Cambat', city of British India, III. 638. Gulf 
of, 2 a. 

Camhwy stones, IT. 8, 2 a. 

Oam'bbewell, suburb of London, III. 638. 

Catnierwell ieav.ty, species of butterfly, IH. 
499, 1 a. 

Cambiaso, Luca [kSni-by^'-zo], Genoese artist, 
III. 688. 

Oambini, Giuseppe [kfim-b6'-ne], Italian com- 
poser, III. 638, 

Gambivm, in plants, XIII. 580, 1 a. Referred 
to, I. 31 r, 3 c; VII. 30, 2 b; VIII. 140, 1 a. 

Oambo'dia, kingdom of Further India, III. 638. 
(Map, I. 4S6,) Productions, 639, 1 a. Cam- 
bodians, 2 ft (ill.). Social customs, 2 b. 
Government, 2 o. History, 640, 1 a. 

Cambodia Kivee ; see Mekohg. 

Cwmhoge: see Gamboge. 

Cambon, Joseph [kfi°"-bo°'], French revolution- 
ist, III. 640. 

Cam'boene, town of England, III. 641. 

Cambbai [kii"'-bra], city of France, III. 641. 
League of, against Venice, 1 c; IX, 712, 
1 a; XVI. 300, 1 a. Treaty of (ladies' 
peace), 111.641, 1 c; IV. 2fl5, 2 ah; VIL 
882, 1 b, 417, 2 o; XI. 15T, 2 a, 

Canibray: see Cambbai. 

Cam'bbia, county, III. 641. 

Cambkiah System, in geology, III. 641 ; VII. 
694, 3 a (in table, 1 c) ; 696, 1 b, c, 2 a, ab ; 
697, 1 b, be, 2 c. 

Cambric [kaini'-brik], origin of the name. III. 
641, 1 e. 

Cambeiboe [kaim'-brij], city of Massachusetts, 
III, 641, Washington elm, 2 c (ill,, 642). 
Longfellow's house, ii. (ill., 643). Public 
institiitions, 642, 1 a. See Haryabd Uni- 
TEBSiTT, Mount Anbam cemetery, 2 a. 

Cambridge, county seats, VI. 214, 1 a; VIII, 
398, 2c; 641, 1 c; IX, 434, 2 c, 

Oambeiiigb, town of England, HI, 643. Chareh 
of St. Sepulchre, 2 ab (ill.). 

Cambeidgb, University of. III. 643. Colleges, 
644, 1 a. Government, 1 b. Professors, 1 c. 
Admission, 3 b. Classes of students, ib. 
University terms, 2 o. Degrees, ii. Exami- 
nations, 64S, 1 a. Fellowships, 1 c. Public 
buildings, 2 h. Gothic chapel in King's col- 
lege, i5. (ill.). Fitzwilliam museum, 2 be 
(ill.). Libraries, 2 o. 

Oambbidge, Dukes of, III. 646. Adolplms 



CAMEO 

Frederick, 1 a, George William Frederick 
Charles, commander-in-chief, 1 b. Miss 
Fairbrother, his mistress, I c. Augusta, his 
sister, grand duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, 
iS. Mary, Princess Teck, his sister, ib, 

Cambbidoeshieb, county of England, III. 646. 

Cambeonne, Pierre Jacques Etienne, baron 
[ka°'-briln], French general, III. 646. 

'mth, Scotland, battle of, XVI. 432, 



Camby'ses, Persian king, III, 646, Oonqnest 
of Egypt, 2c; VI. 463, 1 b. Barbarities of, 
HI. 647, la; SI. 881, 1 b ; Xlil. 332, 1 a. 

Camden, four counties. III, 647, 

Camden, city of New Jersey, HI. 647. Town 
of South Carolina, 2 b. Town of Alabama, 
2 c. Town of Arkansas, 648, 1 a. 

Camden, county seats, IL 642, 1 a; III. 647, 
1 o; IX. 813, 2 b; XH. 738, 1 b; XVL 620, 
2a. 

Camden, county of Kew South Wales, III, 648, 

Camden, Charles Pratt, earl, English states- 
man, III. 648. His defence of the right of 
juries in cases of libel, 1 b ; of the hberties 
of the subject in the case of John Wilkes, 

1 c; of the American colonies, jS. 
Camden, William, British historian and anti- 
quary, III, 648. Camden society, 2 c. 

Camden home, at Chiselhurst, abode of the 
deposed emperor Napoleon HI., HI. 54, 2 c. 

Camel, ruminating animal, HI. 648. Bactrian 
camel, 649, 1 h (ill.), 660, 1 b. Arabian cam- 
el, 649, 1 c (ill.). Stomach of the camel, 

2 c. Stomach cells, and foot (ill.), 2 h. 
Fossil camel, 650, 1 b. M^or Wayne on the 
use of the camel in the United States, ib. 
Age of, 1, 182, 2ab, 

Camel, machine for floating ships, HI, 650, 
Camel, river, bird, XHI. 286, 2 a. 
Cameline [kam-leen], sauce, V. 300, 1 be. 
Camellia, genus of shrubs, HI. 650. C. bohea 

and viridis, 2 c. (See Tea, XV. 698, 3 b.) 

C. Japonica, ib. (ill., 661). C. reticulata, 651, 

1 be. C. oleifera, ii. 0. sasanqua, ib., and 

XV. 601, 1 be. 
Camel'opabd: see Gieaffe. 
Camklopae'dalis, constellation, HI. 651. 
Camehtea [k^-mS-lo'-taco], floating islands, 

XIII, 697, 1 c. 
Came'lut (zoology), III. 648. C. Bactrianus, 

649, 1 b (ill.). C. Arabicns, 1 e (ill.). 
Camenz [kfi'-ments], town of Saxony, III, 661. 
Oam'eo, HI. 651. Gem cameos, 3 a. Shell 

cameos, 652, 1 be. Cameo cutting on shells, 



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CAMEO 

3 a; Holtiapffel'a directions for it, 2 ab. 
Carving in oajx and camelian, 663, 1 a aaii 
b. See A&ATB, I. 1T8, 1 ab. 

Cameo incrustation, in glass making, VIII. 24, 
1 b (ills.). 

Oam'eea Lr'cinA, optical inBtrnment, III. 6Q3. 
WoUaston's camera, 1 e (ilia.). Amici's cam- 
era, 3 C (ill., fiSi). Use of in microscopy, 
XI. 520, 2 a. 

Cameea Obsou'ea., optica! instrument. III. 
654 (ill.). 

Camera'ria (botanr), HI. 654, 2 b. 

Cwmerariu»: see CnAMSEBLAiN. 

Oamebaeiub, Joachim [kfl-ma-ra'-re-oos], Ger- 
man scholar, HI, 654. Joachim, botanist, 2 
b. Budolph Jakob, physician and botaoist, ib. 

Camerata, Count [kfi-iaa-r^'-ta], husband of 
the priocess Baocioohi, II. l94, 1 a. Napo- 
leone, her son, ib. 

Camkmko [kA-ma-re'-noJ, town of Italy, III. 
654. 

Cameri'num, ancient city: see Cahbeiso. 

OAM'EROif, three counties, III. 655. 

(hMeroOf county seat, XI. 531, 1 a. 

Cameron, Captain, British consul to Abyssinia, 
I. 47, 1 a. 

Cameron, Donald, Scottish chief, IV. 312, 1 ab. 

Cambgon, John, Scottish theologian. III. 655. 
His theory of the will, 2 a. Cameronites, 
his followers, ib. 

CAMESOif, Eioliard, Scottish preacher, founder 
of the Oameronians, III. 655. 

Camebos, Simon, American senator. III, 655. 

Cameeomans, sect of Scotch Presbyterians, 

III. G56. 
Cameronites (Amyraldista), followers of John 

Cameron, III. 665, 2 a, 
Cambboons, river of Gninea, HI. 656. 
Camkboons Mountains, in Africa, III. 656. 
Camilla, connty seat, XI. 67T, 3 c. 
Camillas, Marcus rnrins, Roman dictator, III. 

657. 
Oaminatzis' [ka-me-n&t-seen'J, Mexican king, 

HI, 657. 
Cah'isaeds [Fr. kS-me-zar], French Protes- 
tants, III. 657; IX. 38, 1 a. 
Camnuni, islands of: see Thkea, XV. 690, 2 a. 
Oam'mebhoff, John Frederick, Moravian bish* 

op,._III. S58. 
Oamuis [kam-meen'], town of Prussia, III. 658, 
OAMofiNS, Lui7 de [kam'-o-ens], (Port. Cam^es, 

ka-moi"'s'), Portuguese poet, HI, 658, 
Camobea, Neapolitan secret society, IH. 659. 



CAMPBELL 



153 



Campagsa [kam-pa'-nya], town of Italy, III. 

659, 
Campaona di Eoma [de ro'-ma], plain sarround- 

iag Rome, lU, 659 (ill.). 
Campagna Felice [fa-le'-cha], Italian name of 

Campania, III. 661, 1 b. 
Campag'nol [Fr. kfi''-pa-nyill], meadow mouse, 

XI. 312, 1 a (ill.). 
Campaign of France (Napoleon's, in 1814), 

III. 45, 1 c. 
Campan [ka°"-pa'"], town of France, III. 660. 

Oampan marble, 1 b. 
OAMPAif, Jeanne Louise Henrietto Genest, 

French teacher, HI. 660. 
Campana, church bell, II. 495, 3 ab. 
Oampanbl'u, Tommaso, Italian philosopher, 

III. 660 ; XIII. 440, 3 c (PiiiLOSOPny). 
Campanha [kam-pa'-nya], town of Brazil, IH, 

Oampani, Matteo and Giuseppe [kam-pa'-ne], 

Italian inventors and opticians, IH. 660. 
Campahia, division of ancient Italy, III, 661, 
Campani Alimenis : see Campani, III, 660, 

3 c. 
Campabilk [ifim-pfi-ne'-la], hell tower, HI. 

661. Giotto's campanile at Florence, 1 c 

(ill.); IL495, 3 b. 
Campanile of St. Mark : see Venice, XVI, 

Campan'-ula (botany), VIII. 459, 1 ab. C. 
rotundifolia, ib. (ill.), C. linifoha, 2 a, 

CampaihuWria, hydroid: see Jsixy Fish, IX. 
603, 1 ab. 

Campbeli, [kara'-el or kam'-bel], four counties, 
III. 661. 

Campbell, Alexander, American clergyman, 
founder of a sect, HI. 663. See Disciplis. 

Caikpbell, Archibald: see Ahgtll, Duke of. 

Campbell, Sir Colin, Lord Clyde, British gen- 
eral, III. 663. 

Campbell, George, Scottish cJergy man. III. 663. 

Campbell, John, Scottish writer, IH. 663. 

Campbell, John, Scottish clergyman, IH, 663, 

Campbell, John, lord, British jurist and an- 
ther, lU, 663. 

Campbell, Sir Neil, British officer, HI, 664. 

Campbell, Thomas, British poet, HI, 664. 
Originated. the university of London, 3 c. 

Campbell, Thomas, clergyman, associate found- 
er of the sect of Campbellites, VI, 133, 1 a. 
See Campbell, Alexander, 

Campbell, Lord William, royal governor of 
South Carolina, HI. 665, 

Cami-bell, William, American officer, HI, 665. 



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154 



CAMPBELL 



Campbell of GlmUyon^ his atrociona treachery 
and bloodshed, VIII. 31, 2 a (GtENcOK). 

Campbell Court Mouse, comitj seat, III. 661, S c. 

Camphellites, or Disciples of Christ, II. 203, 
2 ab; Ul. 663, 1 ab; VI. 132, 1 a. 

Gampbellmiille, county seat, XV. 691, 2 b. 

Campbellton., county seat, III. 661, 3 o, 

CampbeUtoren: seeFATETTETiLLE, VII. 103,2 b. 

Campbeltown, seaport of Scotland, III. 665. 

Camp Dick Edbvaeon, Union camp in Kentucky, 
IX. 806, 1 b. 

Oampe, Joachim Ileinrich [tam'-pEh], German 
author, III. 665. 

Campea'osy, state of Mesico, III. 665. Capi- 
tal city, 2 b. 

Campeachy wood: see Loowoon, X, 58i, 2 b. 

Campeehe [Sp. kam-pa'-cha] : see Campeacht. 

Campkgoio, Lorenzo,[kam-ped'-jo], Italian car- 
dinal, III. 666. 

Campeiui [kam-pe'-ynB] : see Campeooio. 

OAMPEKOif, Franfois Nicolas VinooDt [kii°»p- 
n6°«], French poet. III. 666. 

Campeph'ilus pHncipa'lU (ornithology), XVI. 
709, 2 b. 

Oampeh, Pieter [kSm'-per], Dutch physician 
and anatomist, III. 666. His studies of tbe 
anatomy of birds, 3 bo ; of the varieties o( 
the biiman race, 2 c ; of comparative anato- 

Camp fever, VII. 186, 2 c. 

Camphatobn, Wilhelm [kiimp'-how-zen], Ger- 
man painter, III, 667. 

Camphene', in chemistry. III. 667. Varieties 
ot, I b ; XVI. 77, 2 c. Principal camphenes, 
III. 667, 2 a. Burning fluid, 2 ab. 

Gampkerenes and campMlenes, modifloations of 
camphenes. III. 667, 2 a, 

CAM'pnoH, III. 667. Camphor tree of Suma- 
tra and Borneo, 2 b. Camphor wood, 6G8, 
1 a. Common camphor, 1 b; tree yielding 
it, 3 a (ill.). Preparation of camphor, 2 a ; 
its chemical character, 3 bo; medicinal use, 
669, 1 a. 

Oamphor'io a n III 669 

Oamphdyskit D k Rif 1 k [Mmp'-hoi-zeal, 
Dutch pain tl) I g an and poet, III. 669. 

Oampi, Giul [k^m pe] Ital an painter. III. 
669. Bor d no pa nt 2 a. 

OAM'piifr, Ed u d En^l b author and tlieo- 
logian. III 669 

Ca^pidoglio pa za d J [p At'-sa del kfim-pe- 
dft'-lyo], Pome III 56 " a. 

Campu [kSm-ple], town of Italy, IIL 670. 

Camp meetings, Teligious, schism caused by 



CANADA 

their introduction among the English Wes- 
leyans, XL 454, la; IE. 160, 1 b. 

Campobab'so, province of Italy, III. 670. Cap- 
ital city, I b. 

Campobasbo, Nicol6, count of, Neapolitan sol- 
dier of fortune. III. 670. 

Cahpo Foehio, village of Italy, JII. 670. Peace 
of, il.; 39,3ab; II. 145, 1 c; VIL 890, 2 b. 

Campo Mamo [mar'-tzo], district of Eome, III. 
670, 2 ab. 

Oampo Sasto; see Cemetery, IV. 187, 2 be. 
Of Pisa, i6. ; its frescoes, VII. 483, 3 c. 

Campo Vaeciiio [v&t-che'-co], Roman fomm, 
VII. 338, 3 a. 

Camp», half-faeed: see Tbkt, XV. 653, 2 be. 

Camptol'emvs Lahrado'rmu (ornithology), VI. 
390, 3 (ilL, 391). 

CamptoMTVs rhisophyllua, walking leaf, fern, 
XVI. 430, 3 (ill.); VIL 149, 2 be. 

Campus, in Eoman antiquity, III. 670, Cam- 
pus Martins, 1 c ; XIV. 410, 1 ab. 0. Esqui- 
linus, 1 b. 0. Sceleratus, III. 670, 3 b; 
XIV. 410, 1 b ; XVL 828, 2 h. 

CampvsPompeiiu: see Pompeii, XIII. 694, 1 b. 

CamuUdu'num, ancient town, V. 43, 3 a (Col- 

Cahds, Armand Gaston [kfi-nitls], French revo- 
Intionist, IIL 670. 

Camus, Charles Etienne Louis, French mathe- 
matician and mechanician. III. 671. 

Camwood, a dyowood, IIL 671 (ill.); 333, 1 c. 

Ca'na, twoancienttownsinPalestine, III. 671. 

Canaan [ka'-nan], in Palestine, IIL 671 ; XIIL 
7, 3 c. 

Ca-rutanites, VIII. 408, 1 bo ; XIII. 7, 3 e, 8, 1 a. 

Oah'ada, Dominion of, III. 671. (Map.) Seal 
(ill.), 3 h. Divisions, 3 a. Population, 673, 

1 a. Boundary line, 1 b. Physical features, 
3 c. Climate, 673, 3 b. Forests, 674, 1 a. 
Union of the provinces, 1 b. Government, 

2 b. Finances, 676, 2 a. Commerce, 2 o. 
Industrial statistics, XII. 822-'4 (Appendix). 
History, III. 677, 2 ab. Earthquake of 
1663, 678, 1 b. Canals of, 687, 2 a. Fenian 
invasion of, VII. 137, 1 be; second ii 
meditated, 128, 3 b. 

Canada, Lower: see Quebec (provinc 

III. 679, 1 a. 
Canada, Upper: see Ontario (pro 

IIL 679, 1 a. 
Canada Uham, II. 247, 1 c, 248, 1 c, 249, 

2 e; VII. 208, 1 be; XVL 77, 1 he. Use 

of in polarizing apparatus, X. 447, 1 a. 
Canada East : see Qcebeo (province). 






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CANADA. 

Ganada potato, I. 782, 1 e. 

CanadaquaU, Indian tribe, Ur. C79, 3 ab. 

Camada tarpenUne, VII. 208, 1 be. 

Canada West: see Ohtario (province). 

Ga^tadusa Catechism, allnsion to, III. G79, 2 b. 

Canadian Indiabs, III. 679. 

Oasadian Ritek, tributary of tbo Ai'tansas, 
ni. 6Y9. 

Cajtajohabib [kan-a-jo-lia.'-re], town of New 
York, III. 679. 

Canal', artificial watercoarse, III. 879. Prin- 
ciples of construction, 2 c. Cross section 
(ill.), B80, 1 a. Lock, 3 a (section). Lift lock 
(ill.), 681, 1 c. Veigh lock, 2 b (ill.). Aque- 
ducts, 682, 3 a. Seneca river aqueduct, 
ib. (ill.). Motive power, 2 b. CanaJs of 
Asia and Europe, 683, 2 a; of tbe United 
States, 684, 2 a (tables). Ship canals, 687, 

1 e, Sault Ste. Marie, ib. ('anadian canals, 

2 a. Caledonian canal, 688, 1 a ; North Hol- 
land, 1 c i Suez, 2 bo. Proposed canal uniting 
the Atlantic and Pacific, 690, 1 ab ; IV. 766, 
lo; Xn. 421, 2 c; XI 11. 33, lb. 

CajMl Dover, village of Ohio, VI. 232, 1 be. 

Candle, Antonio [kS-nfi'-Ia] : see Oanaletto. 

Oanaib, Nioolfi, Venetian admiral, III. 690. 

Oanalet'to, Antonio, Italian painter, III. 690. 
His nephew (Bernardo Belotto), painter, 2 e. 

Canalie'uU, ia the dentine of the teeth, SV. 
606, 1 b. 

Canal system of U'eic Yorh, its original pro- 
jector, V. 63, 1 bo. 

CAsASDAi'diTA, town of Ncw York, III. 690. 

Canahobb', town of British India, III. 691. 

Casaha [kd-n^'-ra], district of British India, 
III. 691. 

Ganares^, a race in India, IX. 215, 2 a. 

Cana'Hes: see Canary Islands. 

Canabk, Constantine [ka-n&'-ris], Grreek naval 
officer and statesman, III. 691. (Died 1877.) 

Cana'et Bied, III, 691 (ill., 693). 

Canary Grass, III. 692 (ill.). 

Canahy Islands, III, 692; view in, 693. 

Gaimta [kfi-n&'-ta], (Iroquois word from which 
Canada is derived), bishop of, XIII. 610, 

Canbt, Edward Richard Sprigg, American 

general, III. 693, 
CoJiSy, naturalist, VI. 123, 1 a (Dion^a). 
Oanoale [ka"-fcJtl], seaport of France, Ilf. 694. 
Caneelli in ancient eJinrohes, IV. 586, 2 b. 
CaneelUoflone, III. 58, 2 h. 
Ganeeola'Hva, museum of at Verona, referred 

to, Vn. 687, 2 c. 



CANE 



155 



Canoeh, sign of tlie zodiac, III. 694. Tropic 
of Cancer, 1 b. 

Cancer, disease. III. 694. Internal cancer, 2 a. 
Cancerous tnmors, ib. See Tumob, XVI. 29, 
2 a. 

Cancer, crab, V. 449, 1 a. C. irroratus, 2 b. 
C. borealis, ib. 0. pagurns, ii. (ill.). 

Canobin, George, count [kan-krin'J, Russian 
statesman, III. 694. 

GaiicTo'ma eoeklea'ria (ornithology), II. 763, 
2 be (ill., 766). 

Ganda, Mm, monument to her memory, III. 
320, 1 b. 

Cabdace [kan'-da-se], Ethiopian queen. III. 
694. Eoyal title, 2 c. 

OANPAnAR', province of Afghanistan, III. 694. 
City, 695, 2 a (ill.). 

Candatt'les; see Gygbs. 

Candeish [kSn-daish'], district of British India, 
III. 695. 

Gandesh' : see Candeish. 

Candi: see Candy. 

Cab'dia, island of the Grecian archipelago, 
III. 695. Description, 3 c. History, 696, 
J c. See Crete (Index).— Town, 697, 1 c. 

Oandiao, Jean Louis Philippe Elisabeth Mont- 
calm de [dtlh kii°'-de-ilk], precocious French 
boy, HI. 697. 

Candido, Pietro [kSn'-de-do], (Pieter de Witte), 
Flemish painter and sculptor. III. 697. 

Candish, Sir Thomas: see Oavendlsh, 

Oakdlb, III. 698. Tallow candles, 1 b ; sper- 
maceti, 2 h; was, 2 c; paraffine, 699, 1 ab. 
Candle wicks, 1 b. Candlestick, in the Eng- 
lish translation of the Bible, 698, 1 a. 

Gandle, sales by the, or by the inch of candle, 
at auction, II. 102, 2 c; VII. 535, 2 a. 

Gandle clock, Alfred the Great's, IV. 695, 2 b. 

Candlemas, religious festival, III. 699. 

CAKDLBtreT, tree, HI. 699 (ill.). 

Candlish, Robert Smith, Scottish clergyman, 
III. 699. 

Oandolle, Augustin Pyramus de [diih kS"'- 
dtli], French botanist. III. 700. His theory 
of the flower, X. 287, 2 a. His botanical 
system, III. 1,34, 1 c; continued by Alphonse 
Louis Pierre Pyramus de, botanist. III. 700, 
1 c, 8 a. 

Candy, town of Ceylon, III. 700. 

Cane, plant : see Bamboo, and Sugar. 

Can^ {arundinaria maerasperma), nse of in 
paper making, XIII. 48, 1 b. See Cane 
Brake. 

Cane, river of India, III. 700. 



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Casba [kS'-na-a], seaport of Oandia, III. 701 ; 

view, 702. 
OiNK I. DELti ScALA [kS'-Da], (CaDgTandc), 

Italian mler and warrior, III. 700. 
Cane Brake, in botany. III. 701. Oane brake 

grass (ill.), ii. 
Canebrake, the, tract in Alabama, XI. 153, 3 a. 
CaneJce, princes of the Itzaes, IX. 473, 1 be. 
Carifuid, county seat, SI. 36, 1 c. 
CABGA-AEsiJELLEB, JosS [kang-gar-gwu'-ljaoe], 

Spanish statesman. III. 702. 
Canoe, Du; see Bd Cangb. 
Cangrande, or Can Grande [kin grSn'-da] : 

see Cane I. dklla Scaea. 
Canibas, Indian tribe. III. 702 ; I. 19, 2 a 
Casicath [ka-ne-k4t'-te], town of Sicily, III 

702. 
Canine, St. [kan'-is], cathedral of, Kilkenny, 

IX 832, 1 b (ill.). 
Canic'tiui; see Do o Stab. 
Can'ida (zoSlogy), IV. 10, 2 b; VI. 177, 2 b; 

VII. 358, 1 ft;5IV. 695, 1 c, 3 c. 
Cauuia, Luigi [ki-ne'-na], Italian archoologist, 

III. 703. His restoration of the Appian 

way, I. 598, 3 be. 
Caninefatet [ka-ni-ae-fi'-teez], German tribe, 

II. 880, 1 a. 

Canini, Giovanni Angelo [kA-n6'-n.e], Italian 

pwntcr and engraver, III. 702. 
CANiifo, prince of : see Bohapahib, Lncien, 

III. 83, 3 a; Charles Lueien Jules Laurent, 
35, 1 a- 

CanirM, principality of. III. 34, 1 be. 

Ca'nU (zoology), "vi. 177, 2 b. C. aqoati- 
cna, Sm. 704, 3 o (ill.). C. anthus, VI. 179, 
I c; IX. 481, 3 b. 0. aureus, ii. (ill.). 
C. Australa«i86, VI. 179, 1 he (ill.). C. avi- 
cularis, XIII. 638, 2 a (ill.). C. borealia, VI. 
180, 1 b (ill.). C. brevipilis, XV. 238, 2 a. 
C. Oeylonicus. VI. 179, 1 a. 0. domesticus, 
VI. ISO, 3 c (ill.). C. estrarins, XV. 298, 
1 a (ill.). C. familiaria, n. 736, 3 b (ill.). 
C. index, SIV. 786, 1 ab (ill.). 0. joba- 
tns, VI. 179, 3 a. C. lagopus. 180, 1 b. C. 
laniger, 3 ab. C. latrana, XVI. 696, 1 be 
(ill.). C. lupus, 695, 3 a (ill.). C. melitans, 
XV. 328, 2 a. 0. molossus. III. 425, 2 a 
(ill.). 0. occidentalis, XVI. 695, 3 c (ill.). 
C. Paeifiens, VI. 181, 2 a. 0. Pomeranns, 
181, 1 a. C. primajvuB, 179, 1 a; IX. 11, 1 c. 
C. sagas, IX. II, 1 e (ill.) ; VIII. 475, 1 c (ill.). 
0. Terra Nov», VI. 180, 2 a (ill.). C. nrcanua, 
SI. 366, 1 b (ill.). 0. terrarins, XV. 663, 2 b 
(ill.). 0. venations, VIII. 253, 3 b (ills.). 



CATTNONSBUEG 

Canis'ics, Petrus, Dutch Jesuit, III. 703, 

Oanis Majob, constellation. III. 703. 0. Mi- 
nor, 3b. 

Gim'JMeT »hot : see Casb Shot. 

Casitz, Friedricb Rudolf Ludwig, bai'on [kA'- 
nita], German poet and diplomatist, III. 
702. 

QarikardchS/rya [san-ka-rJi-cL^'-ya], Hindoo 
pliilosopher, IX. 239, 1 a. 

Cankbb, ulceration of the month, III. 703. 

Canxbb Woem, III. 703 (ill.). 

Canna (botany), IX. 345, 1 c. C Indica, ib. 
(ill.). C. flaeeida, 3 a. C. eduiis, 2 ab; 
XV. 317, 3 e. 

Caknabis Indioa : see Hemp, VIII. 632, 2 c. 



0. SI 



., la. 



Ganna'eea (botany), IX. 245, 1 c. 

CAa'N.E, ancient town of Italy, III. 704. Bat- 
tle of, 2 ab; IV. U3, lb; Vm. 443, 2 a. 

Oannel Coal: see Coal. 

Can'nblton, town of Indiana, Hi. 704. 

Cakkes [kan], seaport of France, 111. 705. 
Chateau of St. Ursula (ill.). 

Cannin^ates : see Canin^fates (Index). 

Oanniko, George, English statesman, HI. 706. 
CLarles John, visconnt and earl, statesman, 
706, 1 b. Stratford : see Steattobd de Eed- 

OLIFFE. 

Cabsos, III. 706. Cnlverin, 2 c (ill.). Mor- 
tars, ib. ; 709, 2 ab. Howitzer, 707, 1 c ; 709, 

2 a. Calibre, 707, 1 o. Interior of cannon, 

3 a; forms of the chamber, 3 c (ills.). 
Length of the bore, 708, 1 a. Exterior 
form, 1 0. Pressure on the bore, JS. (ill,). 
Rodman gun, 3 c (ill.). Dahlgren gun (ill.), 

709, 1 b. Paixliaas's system, 3 a. Colum- 
biad, seacoast gun, 3 b (ill.). Field cannon, 
3 c. Rifled guns, ii. Parrott rifle gan, 

710, 1 a (ill.). Construction of rifled cannon, 
1 b. Proceaaes in manufacturing cannon of 
east iron or bronze, 3 b ; of wrought iron or 
steel, 711,3b. Built-up cannon, 3 e. Breech- 
loading and mnzzle-loading Armstrong gans, 
712, 1 ab (ills.). Whitworth gun, 1 c (ill.). 
Blakely gun, 3 a (ill.}. Falliser and Par- 
son8guns,2b(ill.). Krupp guns, 2 c. Gatling 
gun and mitraOleuse, 713, 1 a.— Hand-can- 
non, XII. 100, 2 a. Introduction of cannon, 
I. 745, 3 a. See Abtillery. 

Oabnon, county. III. 713. 
CaniKm, in billiards, II. 642, S C. 
Gannon metal, III. 314, 2 b. 
Oankonsbdro, borough of Pennsylvania, III. 
713. 



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CANO 

Oako, Alonso [k^'-no], Spanish painter, sculp- 
tor, and architect, III. 713. 

Cano, Jacobo : bo© Cam, Diogo. 

Cano, Juan Sebastian del, Spanish navigator, 
in. 713. 

Gano'hva, Egyptian god and city r see CAKOPrs. 

Canoe Mreh, II. 648, 1 a. 

Canos, in theology, III. 713. Canon of the 
Old Testament, 2 h ; of the New Testament, 
714, 3 ah. Ohjections to the canon, 715, 2 a. 

Oanos, ecclesiastical dignitary. III. 715. Bee 



CANTICUM 



15T 



Canon, in mnsic. III. TI5. 

OaHon [ka-ny6ne'], ravine, III. 716. 

Oaflon City, connty seat, VII. 477, 2 a. 

Cano'nm Apostol'ici, III. 717, 2 h. 

Canon'ioa, Luigi della, Italian architect, III. 

716. 
Canonical HorEa, in religions services, III. 

716. See Bretiahy. 
Canoniccs, Indian chief. III. 716. 
Canmieut, island, XIV. 291, 2 a, ah. 
Canonizatios, III. 716. Canonization of Mints 

first reserved for the holy see, I. 279, 2 a. 
Canon Law, III. 716. Canones Apostolic), 

717, 2 h. Oonstitutlones Apostolic®, 2 c. 
Codes Canonum, 718, 1 a, 2 a. Codes Isi- 
doriana, 1 h ; prisca, ii. Dionysius Exiguns, 
his collection of canons and decretals, 1 he. 
Isidore Mei-cator, or Pecoator, 2 b; Bishop 
Beveridge on his work, 2 c. Gratian'a Con- 
cordantia Discord an tinm Canonnm, 719, 1 a. 
Pope Gregory's collection, 1 h. Jna anti- 
qnum, and jua recens, 2 a. Bullarinm, 2 b. 
Concordats, 2 c. Canon law in Englaod, V. 
149, 1 h. 

" Can&m, ApmtDlieal,'" III. 717, 2 b. 

Canmw of church councils, V. 423, 2 b. 

Oa!Mm of the Colorado, V. 106, 2 o. Grand 
oaBon, 107, 1 ab. First descent through 
them, 2 c. Prof. Powell's descent, 108, 1 h. 

Oanopuh, star, III. 720. 

Oanopus, city of Egypt, III. 720. The god 
Oanobna, 1 be (ill.). 

Oano'sa, town of Italy, III. 720. Ancient 
tombs, 3 b (ill.). 

Canossa, town of Italy, III. 720. Penanee 
exacted of the emperor Henry IV. at, ib., 
and VIII. 658, 2 b. 

Casot, Theodore [fcS-nO], adventurer and slave 
trader, III. 720. 

CanoVa, Antonio, Italian sculptor. III. 721. 

Oanovai, Stanislao [kS-no-vi'], Italian eccle- 
siastic and mathematician, III. 722. 



Oankobeet, Fran^oia Certain [kS^-rtth-bair], 

French marshal, III. 723. 
Gannstadt: see Canstatt. 
Canton [ka°'-s5°*], a class of Provencal versifi- 
cation, SIV. 40, 1 b. 
Canstatt [kan'-stflt], town of Wurtemberg, 

III. 723. 
Casstein, Karl niIdebrand,Freiherr von [k&n'- 

stine], founder of the Oanstein Bible society, 

III. 722. 
Canatein Bible, allusion to, II. 617, 2 b. 
Canatem Bible intUtule, II. 614, 2 h. 
Cant: see Slang, XV. 85, 2 a. 
Canta'bri, ancient people, II. 367, 1 a, 2 a; 

III. 733, 1 b. 
Cantabeia, district of ancient Spain, III. 723. 
Oantabrian Mountains, Spain, III. 723. 
Cantacuzb'ncs, or Oantacuzene, Graaco-Val- 

lachian family. III. 733. Serban, waywode 

of Wallachia, 2 a. Demetrins, hospodar of 

Moldavia, 2 b. Stephen, waywode, 2 c. 

Alexander and George, Russian military 

officers, ib. 
Caktaotjzenos, Johannes, Byzantine emperor 

and historian, HI. 723. 
Cantaoal'lo, town of Brazil, HI. 724. 
Cantal [ka"5-tal], department of France, III. 

724. Auvergnats, 2 ab, 
Cajitaeini, Simone [k&n-ta-r6'-ne], Italian 

painter, III. 724. 
Canteloupe, a melon, XI. 373, 3 c. Origin of 



the ni 



'.,ih 



Cantemib, Demetrius [kftn'-tBh-raeer], hoa- 
podar of Moldavia III 734 Antiochns or 
Constantine Demetnu* Russian joet and 
statesman, 2 c. 

Oan'tkkbcry, city and srchiepiscopal see of 
England, III. 735 Canterbury cathedral 

1 e (ill.); rV. lit 1 b Aognatmian mon 
astery, 2 c. First native English arch 
bishop, II. 440, 2 c 

Ctmt frames, in a ship XIV 8r2 2 c 

CanthareVlva ciba rius (fungusj, SII. 72, 1 c 
(ill.). 

Cantharides [kan-thiir'-e-deez], (entomology), 
in. 726 (ill.). Russian, 1 c. Medical use 
of, 2 a. Vinegar of cantharides, II. 724, 1 o. 

Can'tharit vesicato'ria, Spanisli fly, H. 477, 

2 b; HI. 726, 1 a (ill.). 0. vittata, potato 
fly, 1 ab. 

Cau'thrn-m grise'm (ichthyology). III. 240, 3 a. 
Cantiolbs, or Song of Solomon, III. 726. Its 

oanonicity impngned and defended, 3 o. 
Cantioum Cantieorum: see Canticles. 



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158 



CANTILLON" 



CASTir.toH, Pierre Joseph [ka^'-tS-yo"'], French 
soldier, in. 737. 

Gftnting tTte anchor, I. 465, 1 0. 

Canting language, the (siang), XT, 85, 2 b. 

Cantiok, ancient district of Britain, III. 727. 
Oantii, 3 a. 

Canton, in heraldry, VIII. 672, 2 b. (See 
plate.) Canton sinister, ib. 

Oaktok, city of Ohio, III. 727. City of 
IJlinois, 2 a. 

Canton, county seats, IV. 377, 2 be ; X. 820, 
1 c; XIV. 540, 2 b; XV. 823, 1 a; XVI. 
364, 1 b. 

Canton, city of Cijina, III. 727 (ill.). Popula- 
tion, 2 b. Few Oiiina street, 728, 1 b (ill.). 
Tankia, 1 e, 3 ab. Boat town, 1 c. ■ Flower 
boat (ill.), 2 a. Climate, 739, 1 a. Foreign 
residents, 1 o. Factories or hongs, 2 b. In- 
dustry, ib. History, 730, 1 c. Commerce, 3 b. 

Cakton, John, Eoglish savant, III. 731. 

Oantoh Eivbb, China, III, 731. 

Canton's phoaphons, X. 478, 2 a, 

Catite, in a ship, XIV. 892, 2 e. 

OiBTiJ [kfln-too'], town of Italy, III, 731. 

Cantf, Cesarc, Italian historian, poet, and 
philosopher. III. 731. 

Ganturio, ancient town : see CABTti. 

Oantira [ka-noo'-ra] : see Cananokk, 

Canu'smm, ancient town : see Cabosa. 

Canute', king of Denmark and of England, III, 
731 ; XII. 608, 2 a. Coin of Canute (iU.), 
III. 732, 1 a; coinage, 2 ab. 

Canvab-back. duck, III. 733 C'K ^33). Prin- 
cipal haunts, 2 c. Food, 733, 1 c. Hunting 
fhem, 2 b., Toling, 734, 1 a, Wests of, first 
.discovered, I. 242, 1 c. 

CAOUTcnotio [koo-chook'j, or India Rubber, 
III. 734. Trees producing it, 1 c, ff (ills.). 
Preparation of the gum, 735, 2 a. Analysis, 
730, I be. History of its manufacture, 1 c. 
Goodyear's inventiona, 737, 1 b. Method 
of vulcanization, 2 he. Washing and com- 
pressing mill (ill.), 738, 1 a. Calender (ill.), 
S b. Vulcanizing cylinder, 789, 1 b (ill.). 
Preparation for weaving into fabrics, 2 he. 
Table of manufactures in the United States, 
740; imports, i5. Imports into Great Brit- 
ain, 1 c, 

GaoutehoTie, mineral, II. 671, 2 c. 

CaoiUchoueine, oily substance from caoutehonc, 
III. 736, 1 a and b; IV. 187, 1 h. 

Cap o/mast, in ships, XIV. 864, 3 be. 

Capammfor heat, Till. 673, 2 a. 

Capk Aottlhas : see AocLHia. 



CAPE 

Oape Ank, Massachusetts, III. 740. 

Capb Bab -el-M ANDES, Arabia, III. 740. 

Cape iadger, animal, IX. 138, 1 c. 

Capb Blanco, W. Africa, III. 740. 

Capb Blanco, or Orford, Oregon, III. 740. 

Capb Boeo [bo-5'-o], Sicily, III. 740. 

Capb Bojadob : see Bojadoe. 

Cape Bon, Tunis, III. 741. 

Cape Bbeton [brit'-un], island, British Amer- 
ica, in. 741. 

Oapece-Latso, Giuseppe [kfi-pa'-cha-Iii'-tro], 
Italian prelate and statesman, HI. 741. 

OapB-Chables, Virginia, HI. 743. 

Cape City : see Cape Mat. 

Capb Cleab, Ireland, III. 742. 

Cape Coast Castle, town and fort of Africa, 
III. 742. 

Cape Cod, Massachusetts, HI. 742. 

Cape Colony, British possession in S. Africa, 
HI. 742, and I. 170, 1 b. Inhabitants, III. 
742, 3 c. Topography, 743, 1 b. Coast, 2 b. 
Eivers, 2 c. Geology, &e., 744, 1 ah. Climate, 

1 b. Flora, 1 c. Productions, 2 ab. Fauna, 

2 c. Trade, 745, 1 b. Government, 1 e. 
Eeli^on, 3 b. Education, ib. History, 2 c. 

Cape Com'orin, Hindostan, HI. 746 (ill.). 

Town of Cape Comorin, 3 c. 
Cape de Oatte [d6h gat] : see Cape Gata, 
Cape dialect: see Hottentois, IX. 9, 2 a. 
Cape Elizabeth, Maine, HI. 746. 
Cape Fakeweu., Greenland, HI. 746. 
Capb Fbae, North Carolina, HI. 747. Origin 

of the name, Till. 249, 2 c. 
Cape Feab Eivbr, North Carolina, HI. 747. 
Capefiodk, Jean Baptistc nonor6 Raymond 

[kap-feeg], French historian, HI. 747. 
Capb Fikistbkrb [fin-is-tair'J, Spain, HI. 747. 

Battles of, 1 a. 
Cape Florida, coral formation at, II. 72, 1 c. 
Cape Franfain [frS""-sa] : see Cape Hattien. 
Capb Frio [fr6'-o], Brazil, HI. 747. 
Capb Gata [gS'-ta], Spain, HI. 747. 
Cape Gikaedeatt [je-rar'-do], county, III. 747, 
Cape GiEABDEAir, city of Missouri, HI. 747. 
Cape gooseierry. XIII. 481, 1 b. 
Cape Ghabdafui [gwar-da-fwee'], E. Africa, 

m. 747. 
Gape gam, Till. 830, 3 b. 
Cape ffaitien. [Pr. a-se-fi"'] : see Cape Hattien. 
Cape Hat'tegas, North Carolina, HI. 748. 
Cape IIaytikn [ba'-te-en], seaport of Hayti, 

HI. 748. 
Capb Henlo'pen, Delaware, III. 748. 
Cape Henky, Virginia, III. 748. 



,y Google 



CAPE 

Owpe Hervry, a former name of Cape Haytien, 

III. 748, 1 ab. 
OiPB Horn, Soutb America, III. T48 (ill.). 
Cape Island, city : see Cape May. 
Capel', Arthur, lord, English royalist, III. 748, 

Arthur, earl o£ Essex, 3 b. 
Capel, Thomas John, English clergyman. III. 

748. 
Caps La Hauce [13, ag], France, III. 749. Bat- 
tle of Cape La Hogue, 1 ab. 
Gap'eUn, Bsh, XV. 57, 2 b. 
Capell', Edward, English Shakespearian com- 

meatator, III. 749. 
Capel'la, Martianus Mineus Eelix, ancient 

writer, III. 749, 
CapeUaH, Bartolommeo Alberto [ki-pel-l&'-re], 

(Pope Gregory XVI,), VIII. 245, 1 bo. 
Capbllo, Bianco, grand duchess of Tuscany, 

III. 749. 
Cape Loosout', Ifortli Carolina, III. 749. 
Cape Matapan', Greece, III. 749. 
Capb Mat, couaty. III. 749. 
Caps Mat, southern extremity of New Jersey, 

III, 750. Ton-Q and bathing place, 1 a. 
GapeMay (7imri5i)«««, countyseat, III, 750, la. 
Cape Nau [now], 8. Italy, III. 750. 
Uape No<m: see Cape Niirf. 
Oapb Nobth, Norway, III. 750. 
Cape Nus [noon], Morocco, III, 7S0. 
Oapb of Good Hope, S. Africa, III. 750. Eirst 

doubling of the cape, VII. 604, 2 ab (Gama). 
Cape of Good ffope, colony : see Cape Oolokt. 
Cape of Storms, VII. 604, 2 b. 
Cape Or/ord; sec Cape Blanco, Oregon. 
Cape Obtboal', Spain, III. 750. 
Capb Pal'mas, Liberia, III. 7S0. 
Cape Peak; see Cape of Good Hope. 
Cape Pbisce op Wales, North America, III. 

750. 
Caper, condiment. III, 750. Shrub, 1 a (ill.). 
Cape Race, Newfoundland, III. 750. 
Cape racer, bird, VI. 153, 1 c. 
OAPEBOAn-'ziB : sec GBorss, VIII. 270, 2 ab. 
Cape Eiveh, Central America, III. 751. 
Capebnaum [ita-per'-na-ura], town of Palestine, 

III. 751. Kuins of aynagogne (ill.). 
Capebs, Will iam, American clergyman, in. 751, 
Caper tree; see Caper, and Hyssop, IX. 139, 

2ab. 
Cape Sable, Nova Scotia, III, 751, Florida, 

aab. 
Oape Sas Lucas, peninsula of California, III. 



CAPITULATION 



15& 



Cape San Roque [( 



I'-ka], Brazil, III. 751. 



Cape Spaetivks'to, S, Italy, III. 751. 

Cape St. Vinoent, Portugal, III, 751. Naval 
battle, XII, 220, 1 b (Nelson). 

Cape St. Tineent, Vkeount; see Napibh, Sir 
Charles, XII. 135, 1 a. 

Capet, Hugh [t(i-pa5, king of France, III. 751. 

Capetians, race of French kings. III. 753, 

Cape Tows, capital of Cape Colony, III. 752 
(view). 

Cape Trafaloab: see Teafalgae. 

Cape Vebd, W. Africa, lU, 753. 

Cape Veed Islands, Portuguese colony. III, 
753. 

Cape Vincent, township and port of entry of 
New York, HI. 753. 

Ca'pias, a writ. III. 753. 0. ad respondendum, 
2 ab G ad satisfaciendum, 3 b ; VII. 26, 
2 b and be C. in withernam, IJI. 758, 2 b. 
C utiagatum, ib. See SII, 748, 1 ab; XIV. 
25, 1 a 

Cupil/ar'tti/ see Baeometeb, II, 328, 1 a. 

OAp'tLLiEY Action, IU. 753. 

Oapillaey Vessels, III, 753. Capillary plexus 
or network, 2 c. Movement of blood in 
them, IV. 608, 3 b. Contraction and dilata- 
tion of, IX. 275, 1 bo. 

Capistea'nits, Johannes, Italian monk and 
saint, III. 754, 

Cap'ita, disciplinary decrees of the conncil of 
Trent, V. 438, 2 b. 

Capital, in architecture : Doric, I, 656, 1 c ; 
Ionic, G57, 2 a; Corinthian, 2 c. 

Capital Punishment, III, 754. Right of in- 
dividual revenge, 3 ab. Ancient codes, 3 c. 
English laws, 755, 3 b ; American, 2 bo. 
Methods of execution, 3 c. Abolition of capi- 
tal punishment and of torture urged by Beo- 
caria, II. 437, 1 c ; influence of his views, tS. 

Oapitakata [ki-pe-ta-ni'-ta], province: see 
FoooiA. Origin of the name, I. e08, 1 be. 

Capitol, and OapitoliQe Hill, in Rome, III. 

756. Modem capitol (ill.), ii. Piazza del 
Campidoglio, 3 a. 

Capitolare library, ai Verona, XVI, 322, 2 e. 

Cap'itoukb Games, III. 757. 

CapitoUne Bill : see Capitol, and XIV. 409, 

1 ab and o; 410, 3 a. 
Capitoli'nits, Julius, Roman historian. III. 757. 
Ca,pit«Unvs,Mons: see CapitoUne Sill (ladeT). 
CAPiriTLABiES, laws of Prankish kings. III. 

757. First collection of, 2 c. Capitula- 
ria Regura Francorutn, ib. Charlemagne's 
edicts, IV. 391, 1 ab; XIII, 665, 2 b. 

Capitulation, in war. III. 757 ; examples of. 



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160 



CAPITULATIONS 



ib. In German consUtntional history, 1 < 
TI. 686, 1 b. 

Capitulations, Tiirhuk, relating to foreign ju- 
risdiction, XVI. 58, 1 c; 59, 2 b. 

Oapiz [ka-peeee'], town of the Philippines, III. 
757. 

Capmany y Montpalatt, Antonio de [kfip-m^'- 
ne e moant-pS-!ow'], Spanish writer, III. 758. 

Capnia: see Kehohlin. 

Capno'dium, fnngna, VII, 533, 1 b. 

Gi^noma,7icy : see Ditisatios, VI. 1S3, 2 c. 

Capobianco [kk-po-byka'-ko], chief of the car- 
bonari, III. 771, 1 b. 

Capocoi di Bblmobtb, Emeste [ka-pot'-ohe de 
bel-raon'-ta], Italian astronomer, III. 75: 

Capo u'Istria [IdL'-po dis'-tre-a], town of Aus- 
tria, IIT. 758. 

Capo o'Isteia, or Capodistrias, a Greek noble 
family, III. 758. John Anthony, count of, 
president of Greece, 2 a; referred to, II. 58, 
3 b. Viaro, statesman and jurist, III. 758, 
2 c. Aiignatine, president, 769, 1 a. 

Capo lasiaro [Icfi'-po ISt'-sa-ro], chief of the 
lazzaroni, X. 213, I a. 

Ca'pon, a gelded cock, IV. 782, 1 c. 

(hponniire [kap-un-neer' ; Fr. ki-pilh-njair], 
in fortification, VII. 332, 2 c. 

Capote', in. Albanian costume, I. 244, 2 b. 

Oappado'cia, ancient division of Asia Minor, 
III, 759. Oappadocia ad Pontum and ad 
Taurura, 1 be. 

Cap'parU spino'sa (botany), III. 750 (ill.). 

Cappe, Newcome [kSp], English clergyman, 
m. 759. 

Cappel [kSp'-pel], Switzerland, battle of, SIV. 
247, 1 h. See Kappbl (Indes). 

Cappel [kJ-pBl], French family of jurists and 
theologians. III. 759, Gnillaume, 2 a. 
Jacques, 2 ab. Louis the elder, 2 h, Jacqnes, 
seigneur du Tilloy, 2 be. Louis the young- 
er, 2 c ; his Critka Sacra, ii. ; controversy 
with the Buxtorfs on the date of the He- 
brew vowel points, ib. 
Cappo'si, Gino, marquis, Italian author, III. 
75fl. 

Cap'ra (zoology), VIII. 56, 2 ab. 0. ffigagrus, 
2 c. C. Jemlahioa, 57, 1 a. 0. cossua and 
0. imberbis, 1 h. C. hireus, 1 be (ill.). C. 
ibea, IX. 142, 2 c (ill., 148). C. jaela, 143, 
1 b. C. OaucasicB, ii. 
Caphaja [ka-pra'-ya], island of Italy, m. 760. 
Oapeaba, Giovanni Battista [kfi-pra'-ra], Ital- 
ian prelate and statesman, III. 760. 

Capra'ria: sea Capraja. 



CAEACALLA 

Cap'rea : see Capki. 

Capre'ol-us eapra'a (zoSIogy), III. 385, 1 h ; 

XIV. 385, 3 a (ill). 
Oapeera [ka-pra'-ra], island of Italy, III. 760. 
Oapei [ka'-pre], island of Italy, III. 760. Cliffs 

of, 3 a (ill.). Town, ib. Wine of, IS. 468, 

2 ho. 
Cap'kicoen, constellation. III. 760. Tropic of 

Capricorn, 761, 1 a. 
Caprimul'fftda (ornithology), VIII, 58, 1 a. 
CaprimuVgua (ornithology), VIII. 58, 1 b ; III. 

789, 2 a. C. Enropens, VIII. 58, 1 c. 
Caps, Swedish faction, VIII. 339, 3 a. 
Capncine [kap'-se-sin], active principle of cap- 
sicum, in. 761, 2 a. 
Capsicum, genus of plants, III. 761. C, an- 

nuum, 1 ab (ill.). 0, frutescons, 2 a (ill.). 

Use of, 3 ab. 
Capstan, in a ship, XIV. 868, 2 ab. 
Cap'stile, in botany. III. 761. Parts of, 762, 

1 a. Principal kinds of, ib. (ills.). 
CaptuU of Glisson : see Livbe, X. 687^ 1 ab. 
CAPTArN, military rank. III, 763, 

Captain Jack, Modoc chief. III. 694, 1 b 
(Canby) ; XI, 691, S a (Mouocs). 

" Captaim of liberty,'" VII. 676, 2 c (Genoa). 

Cap'tenus (entomology), X. 570, 3 b. C. fe- 
mur-rubrum, 571, 2 a. C. spretus, 2 b. 

Cap'da [Ital. ka'-poo-a], eity of Italy, III. 762. 
Remains of amphitheatre, 763, 1 a (ill.). 

CapucTie [ka-pushj, hood, III. 763, 1 b. 

CAPUOHirfH [kap-n- sheens'], religious congrega- 
tion, IIL 763, and II. 366, 1 ab. In the 
United States, III, 763, 2 a. 0. Min. Cap., 
abbreviation, 2 ab. Eeferred to, XI. 730, 

2 be. 

Ca'put co'U (anatomy), III. 539, 1 c. 

Caput jejunii, Ash "Wednesday, X. 343, 2 be. 

Caput lupinum gerere, a state of outlawry, 
XII. 743, 2 c. 

Capyba'ea, rodent animal, HI. 763 (ill.) ; 
XIV. 383, 2 c. 

Caqueta [kfl-ka'-ta], river : see Japcra, 

Car, railroad, XIV. 181, 1 be. First passen- 
ger car (ill.), 171, 2 a. Double bogie, 172, 
1 c. Compromise cars, 173, 2 c. Pullman 
parlor car, 181, 2 be (i!!.). Freight cars, 
182, 1 h. 

Carabine A tige [ka-i-S-been a teezh], XIV. S29, 

3 c (ill., 830). 

Cakabo'bo, state of Venezwela, III. 764. 

Town, 1 c. 
Car'acal, animal (lynx), X. 754, 2 c. 
Oaeaoal'la, Marcus Aurelius Antoninus, Ro- 



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CAEACAEA 

man emperor. III. 764 ; I. 271, I c. Baths 
of Oaracaila, 11. 383, 2 b (plan). 

Cafoeara, Brazilian eagle, VI. 350, 2 a (ill.). 

Caraoas [kS-r&'-kfiss], state of Venezuela, ill. 
7S4. Cit7 and capital, 765, I a. 

Cabaocioli, Domenico, marquis [kJUrflt'-cho- 
le], Neapolitan Btatesman, III, 765, Fran- 
cesco, prince, adroirai, 2 ab ; arrested and ex- 
ecuted, 2 b ; SII. S31, 1 ab. 

Caeao'tactts, king of tlie Silures, III. 765. 

Caradoc, Col, Lord Howden, H, 217, 2 b, 

Cabafa de Colobbano, Michele [kk-ri'-ta da 
ko-lo-brfl'-no], Italian composer, III. 765, 

Garaffa, Giovatini Pietro (Pope Paul IV,), 
SIII. 171, 1 c. 

Ca'raites : see Kabaitbs. Referred to, XIV. 
514, 2 a. 

Car'alu, ancient town : see Cagliari, III. 
648, 1 a, 

GaraU'tU, II. 479, 1 ab (BEasHEHEH), 

Caral'lia, lake, II. 479, 1 ab (Bbmhehee). 

Cabamab', town of Asia Minor, III, 766, 

Cwrwman, Count [ka-ra-ma"*], prince of CH- 
raay, IV. 486, 1 o, 

Cabama'bia, former prorince of Asia Minor, 
III. 766. 

Cwr'amel, burnt sugar, XV. 441, 2 a. 

Carat [kar'-ot], iina^nary weight. III, 766, 

Cabavaqoio [ka-ra-ydd'-jo], town of Italy, HI, 
768. 

Cabataooio, Miobel Angelo Amerighi da, Ital- 
ian painter. III. 766, Polidoro Caldara da, 
painter, 767, 1 a. 

Carat an' and CARATAKSAEr, III. 767. Cara- 
van-bash i, 1 c. 

Oabavbl'las, seaport of Brazil, III. 767. 

Oab'away, fruit or seeds of carum carai, III. 
767 (iU,, 768), 

Oabbazotio Aoid : see Pioeio Acid. 

Carbidea [fcar'-bids] : see Cabbuebts, 

Ca/r'Ujie, horseman's musket, XII. 100, 3 b, 

Ca/rbohy'drates, aliments of plants, SIII, 581, 

1 0, 

Car^olatei, compounds of carbolic acid, III. 
768, 3 be, 

Oabrol'io Aoid, IIF. 768. Synonyraes of, 1 ab. 
Carbolic acid paper, 3 c. How distinguished 
from creosote, 769, 1 b. Method of obtaining 
itpure, Ic; crystallized, 2 bo. As an antisep- 
tic, I. 571, 2 be; XII. 61, 1 be. Production 
of in the body, I. 624, 1 be. Amount per- 
missible in respired air, XVI. 452, 2 b, 

Cae'boit, III, 769, Forms of, 2 c. Volatility 
at high temperatures, 770, 1 c. Its most 



CAECASO 



161 



Talnable qualities, ib. Gas carbon, 1 a, 2 b. 
Carbon as a conductor in galvanism, VII. 
591, 1 c. 

Cahbon, two counties, III. 770. 

Carbon, bisulphide of: see Carbon Disulphide, 
and XV. 454, S c, 

Cabbohari [kar-bo-na'-re], secret political so- 
ciety, III, 771, In Italy, 1 b. In France, 
2ab. 

Oaebonates, ni, 773; IX. 411, 1 be. Car- 
bonate of lime, in. 773, 1 o; X. 479, 1 c. 

Cabbonbale, city of Pennsylvania, III. 772, 

Carbon dioxide, synonyme, III, 775, 1 a, 

Caebon DisuLPaiDE, III. 773; XV. 454, 2 c. 
Synonymea, III. 773, 3 b. Various uses, 773, 

1 b. Disagreeable effect in illuminating 
gas, 3 a. Carbon monosulphide and sesqni- 
sulphide, ii. Sulpho-carbo nates, ib. 

Oabbonio Acm Gab, III. 77S, In badly ven- 
tilated wells and mines, 1 c ; how removed, 
774, 1 b. Effect on leaden water pipes, &e., 

2 ab. Solidified by Faraday and by Tliilo- 
rier, 3 b. Proportion in the atmosphere, 
778, 3 c; II, 83, 3 be; in expired air, 84, 1 c. 

Carbonic anhydride, synonyme, III. 775, 1 a. 
Caebonio OxroE, III. 775. Poisonous quality 

of, Ic; 11.84, 1 c. 
Carboniferous series, in geology, VII. 697, 1 a ; 



., for gun barrels, VII. 856, 3 c. 
i Caebonio Oxidb. 
Carbon oil aeid ; see Carbolic Aoid. 
Carbon points, VI. 511, 1 ab (Elbotbio Light). 
Carbon prints, in photography, XIII, 472, 3 c, 
Corfitin yrocess, in photography, XIII. 471, 3 be. 
Carboy, large bottle for acids, III, 146, 1 o. 
Oae'eckolk, swelling and ulceration. III. 775. 

Malignant carbuncle, XII. 60, 1 ab ; XIV, 

98, 1 ab. 
OiBBCHCi.B, precioas stone, III. 775 ; XIV. 

626, 2 bo. 
Carhttn'culm-ferer, XII. 60, 1 be, 
Gaaiuneuliii : see CARBtnTOLE, precious stone. 
Carburet of sulphur, synonyme. III. 772, 2 b. 
CABBiniETS, in. 775. 
Gaebchetted nYDEOGEN, III, 775, Light car- 

bnretted hydrogen, 776, 1 a. Oleflant gas, 

1 be, 
Oaebd'ris, Marino, count, Greek engineer, III. 

776. 
Caboajiste [kar-ka-'hain'-tfi], town of Spain, 

III. 776, 
Car'cajo'U, animal, VIII. 47, 1 a (GLurrou), 
CoToa'so, ancient town : see Caeoasbonhb, 



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162 



CAECA8S0NNE 



CABOAasoHNE [kar-kas siin], city of France, III. 
7T6 (ill.). 

Gwrcd lamp, X. 139, 3 a; VII. 488, 2 b. 

G<mhari'adiB (ichthyology), XIV. 827, 1 he 

Garcha'Tiag (ichthyology), XIT. 837, 1 c. C. 
volgaris, 3 a (ill.). 0. glancus, 2 c. 0. oh- 
Bcurus, 828, 1 ab. 0, cEBrnleus, 1 b. C. At- 
woodi, ib. 

Owr'einoids, crustaceana, VI. 663, 3 a. 

Carci'mtM ™<e'M«, crustaeean, V. 449, 3 o. 

Oab'damom, aromatio aeelB, III. 777. Plants, 
ift, ff-CiUs.). Referred to, VHI. 145, 1 a. 

Cardan, Jerome, Italian sobolar and physician, 
III. 777; I. 301, 2 c. Formula of Oardan, I. 
803, ] a. Asserts the possibility of instruct- 
ing the deaf and dumb, V. 730, 3 a. Re- 
ferred to, VI. 489, 1 bo. 

Cab'dknas, city of Cuba, III. 778. The " Amer- 

Card-end, in cotton manufacture, V. 413, 2 c. 

Carder hee, U. 458, 1 ab. 

CAB'ni, Lndovico, Florentine painter. III. 778. 

Cardia, orifice in the atomaeh, I. 317, S c. 

Cardiwi dropsy, VI. 2S6, 1 o. 

Cabdiff, town of Wales, III. 778; view, 779. 

Cahdigan, seaport of Wales, III. 779. Oastle 

of Cardigan, 1 b. 
Cabdioan, James Thomas Brudenell, earl of, 

British general, III. 779. Leader of the 

"death charge" at Balaklava, 2 b, and II. 

231, 2 c. 
Caktioanshibb, county of Wales, III. 779. 
Caedinal, ecclesiastical title, III. 780. Classes 

of cardinals, I b. 
CARniiTAi. BiED, Iir. 780 (ill.). 
Cardinal floicer, X. 558, 3 a. 
(hrdinal groKieak: see Cahmkal Bird. 
Gardtaalw Yirginianvs {pim\h.o\o%y), III. 780, 

2 h (ill.). 
Oabmnal ViBTnES, III. 781. 
Cardiitg, of cotton, V. 413, 2 b ; of flax, VII. 

265, 1 b; of wool, XVI. 718, 2 c. 
Carding machine, invention and improvement 

of. III. 781, 2 ab. Its operation, V. 413, 

2h. 
Ca/rdington Iiouiib, allndcd to, II. 449, 3 c. 
Oardi'tU, heart disease, VIII. 562, 2 a. 
Ca/r'diam, mollusk, IV. 788, 1 b. 0. edule, 

1 c (ill.). C. aculeatum, 3 a. C. Islaodi- 

cum, J5. 
Oakdeoss, town of Scotland, III. 781. Oastle 

hill, 1 be. 
Caebs, in cloth manufactnre, III. 781. In- 
vention of cylinder cards and the carding 



CARIBOU 

machine, 2 ab. Whittemore's maeliine for 
making cards, 3 be ; its operation, tS. 

Caedb, Kanufacture of, III. 783. 

Cabds, Playing, HI. 783. Hindoo cards, 3 h 
(iU.). Chhiese cards, 3 o (ill.). Old Ger- 
man cards, 783, 1 b (ill.). Origin of the 
marks on cards, 2 a. Modem pack, 3 be. 

Oaeduohi [kar-du'-ke], ancient warlike tribe, 
III. 783, 

Cardu(fli* spi'nug (ornithology). III. 6B3, 1 be. 



C. 



ib. 



Car'dum (botany), SV. 712, 3 a. 

Oaedweix, Edward, English clergyman. III. 
784. Edward, statesman, 1 ab. 

CAidatB, Mario Actoine [kfl-raim], French 
cpok, lU. 784. 

Carm [kSr], his process of stereotyping, XIII. 
850, 1 0. 

Cakew', Thomas, English poet, III. 784. 

Ca're£ (botany), XIV. 747, 1 o. 0. nmbellata 
(ill.), 2 a. 0. striata, 748, 1 a. C. 
ib. C. sylvatica, jS. 

Ca'eet, Henry, English poet and i 
III. 784. Reputed author of " God Save the 
King," 3 ab. George Saville, dramatic poet, 
3 b. 

Oahey, Henry Charles, American political 
economist, III. 784. Principles of poUtical 
economy, 2 be; XIII. e76, 1 c, ff.; XVI. 
201, 3 c. On money, XI. 735, 3 c. 

Cabet, Mathew, American publisher and en- 
thor. III. 785. His " Olive Branch," 3 be ; 
" New Olive Branch," 3 c. Views on politi- 
cal economy, ib. ; XIII. 675, 1 h. 

Cabby, William, English missionary and orien- 
tal scholar, HI. 786; XI. 641, 2 be, 646, 2 b. 

Oarfm, locality in Oxford, SII. 762, 3 a. 

Carfou, a form of enrfew, V. 583, 1 c. 

Caeqill, Donald [kar'-ghil], Scotch Covenanter 
and leader of the Cameronians, III. 786. 
Wounded at BothweH Bridge, 1 c. San- 
quhar declaration, 2 a. 

Cahkkil, Etienne de pisr-ail], Jesuit mission- 
ary in Canada, III. 786. 

Ca'eia, ancient country of Asia Minor, III. 786. 

Gari'aBua (zoology), V. 758, 3 c. 0. Virgini- 
anus, ib. (ill., 759). C. nemoralis, &c., 760, 

1 a. C. Ricbardsonii, 1 be (ill.). 0. Mexi- 
canus, t5. ; III. 385, 1 bo. C. leocnrua, V. 760, 

2 a. C.macrotis,2h(ill.); III. 385, 1 be. 
Oaeibbe'ak Sea, III. 787. 

Ca'bibbeb Islands: see Antilles, and West 

Indies. 
CAEtBon [kSr-e-bool, American reindeer, III. 



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CARIBOUS 

787 (ill.)- Woodland caribou, 1 ab, c, 3 c. 

Barren grouail caribou, 1 ab, 3 c. 
CaHUui, tribe in Alaska, IX. 787, 3 c. 
Ca'ribs, Indian nation, III. 788 ; SVI. 566, 

2 c. 

Ca'eioa (botany). III. 788. 0. digitata or epi- 
nosa, 3 a (ill.). 0. papaya, ib. ; 5III. 4i, 

3 c (ill., 45). 

Oabieb [ka'-re-eez], inflammation of bone. III. 

788. Distinguished from necrosis, 3 b. 

Causes ot, and treatment, 3 be. 
Oarignan [Fr. kS-re-nya"*] : see Oamgnano. 
Cariosano []iS-re-ny4'-no], town of Italy, III. 

789. 
Carillon, Fort [kS-re-lyo"*] : see Ticondbboga. 
Carillon) : see Ohimhs, IV. 437, 1 ab. 
CaHna'Tia, mollnsk, XI. 732, 2 a; XII. 531, 

1 a (ill., 530). 

Cabibi [kfl-re'-ne], town of Sicily. III. 789. 

Caein'thia, duoby of Austria, III. 789. 

Cari'nits, Marcus Aureliua, Roman emperor, 
III. 789. 

Campg [ki-re'-pft], town of Venezuela, III. 789. 
Cavern inhabited by birds, 2 a. 

Ca'bisbhooke, village of England, III. 789. 
Carisbroofce eaatle, 3 b (ill.). Charles I. con- 
fined in it, 2 c 

Cabibsimi, Giovanni Giacomo [kS-ria'-se-me], 
Italian composer, III. 790. 

Carismiam, tribe of: see Khabbsm, IS. 818, 

2 b. 

Carl Benson, nom de plume, III. 391, 2 ab. 

Cablee', village of Hindostan, HI. 790. Bud- 
dhist cave temple, 1 C (ill.). 

Cablen, Emilia Schmidt Flygare [kar-lain'], 
Swedish novelist, HI. 790. 

Caelbton [kar!'-tun], two counties. III. 790. 

Caelbtoh, Sir Guy, Lord Dorchester, British 
general, m. 791. 

Cablbton, William, Irish noveUst, III. 791. 

Cabli, Dionigi [kar'-le], Italian missionary. III. 
791. 

Cabu, Giovanni Einaldo, count, Italian econo- 
mist and antiquary, III. 791. 

Ca/rlirt^, food for Lent, X. 844, 3 a. 

Cablino [kar-ie'-no], (Carlo Antonio Berti- 
nazzi), Italian pantomimist. III. 791. 

OarUnvilh, county seat, X. 806, 3 ab. 

CarliSubH [-roob'-be] : see Caeli, G. R. 

Oawjslb [kar-lile'], borough of Pennsylvania, 
III. 791. Carlisle sulphur springs, 3 c 

Ca/rUile, county seat, XII. 429, 1 be. 

Cablkls, city of England, III. 791. Oastle, 
793, 1 a (ill.). - 



CABLYLE 163 

Carlisle, Sir Anthony, English surgeon and 
physiologist, III. 793. 

Caelisle, Frederick Howard, eart of, Ei^lish 
statesman, III. 792. George William Fred- 
erick (Lord Morpeth), earl of, 3 a. Lord 
William Howard, earl of, clergyman, 2 be. 

GwrUita, adherents of Don Carlos, insurrec- 
tion of, IX. 423, 1 b; XV. 214, 2 be ; 216, 
2 ab, fE. ; VL 740, 1 a. 

Cablos, Don [kar'-loce], crown prince of Spain, 
III. 792. Pretenders to the crown of Spain : 
Carlos Maria Isidor, 783, 1 a; Carlos Luis 
Maria Fernando, count of Montomolin, 1 c ; 
Carlos Juan Maria Isidor, 2 a ; Carlos Maria 
Juan Isidor, the present pretender, ib. Don 
Alfonso, his brother and supporter, ih. See 
Spain, XV. 214, 2 ab, ff. 

Ga/rloningiam arehiteeftire, I. 662, 2 a. 

Carloningian eyele, of chivalric romances, IV. 
392, 1 b. 

Carlovojoians, imperial and royal family, 
III. 793 ; VII. 752, 2 b. Oariovingian em- 
perors, III. 793, 1 b, ; kings of Germany, 
1 o ; of France, 794, 1 a ; of Italy, 1 ab. 

Cab'lovmz, town of Austria, III. 704. Treaty 
of, 1 c; XV. 104, 2o. 

Cakiow, county of Ireland, III. 794. Town, 
Sab. 

Caklb'bad [Ger. karls'-b^t], town of Bohemia, 
III. 794. Origin of the name, 3 bo. Springs, 
ih. Congress of the German powers, 3 o ; 
its decrees against political unions among 
university students, 795, 1 a. 

CABLSBuaG [karis'-boorg], town of Transylva^ 
nia, in. 795. 

Carlsorona [karls'-kroo-na], seaport of Swe- 
den, III. 795. 

Oablshams [karls'-h&n], seaport of Sweden, 
III. 795. 

Carlson, Fredrik Ferdinand, Swedish histo- 
rian, m. 795. 

Caelseube [karls'-roo-Eh], capital of Baden, 
III. 795. New theatre, 3 b (ill.). 

Oablstaii [karl'-st^t], town of Sweden, III. 796. 

Caelbtadt, town of Croatia: sea Kaelstadt. 

Cablstabt, Andreas, German reformer. III. 
796; I. 17, 1 b. Oaristadtians, or Saora- 
mentarians. III. 796, 3 b. 

Gavl Sunday, in Lent, X. 844, 2 a. 

Oabltos, county. III. 796. 

Garludovi'ea palma'ta (botany), SV, 413, 3 c 

Carlyle, county seat, IV. 685, 2 b. 

Carlyle', Joseph Daore, English oriental schol- 
ar, III. 796. 



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164 OAELYLE 

Caelylb, Thomaa, British author, HI. 798. 

"Sartor Eesartna," analysis of, 79T, 2 ah. 

Change of style, 2 bo. Characterization, 

798, 3 a. Prussian order conferred upon 

him, XI. 136, 3 a. 
Carhagboia [liar-ma-nyo'4a], town of Italy, 

III. 799. 
Caemagnola, Franeesoo, Italian condottiere, 

III. 799. 

Oabmaonolb [kar-mit-nyfll], French revolu- 
tionary song and dance, III, 799. 

Oabmar'thbn, town of Wales, III. 799. 

CAKKAnraKHSHiBB, county of Wales, III. 799. 

Garmel, coimty seat, XIV. 99, 1 c. 

Cabmkl, Mount, Palestine, III. 799. 

Carmelite nung, fonnder of the order, 11. 6S6, 
1 c. 

CAHMBtiTBS, order of friars, III. 799. Female 
branch, 800, 1 b ; in France, II. 586, 1 c. 
Discalced Carmelites, III. 800, 1 b. Car- 
melites in the United States, 1 c. Con- 
vents of Carmelite nnns, ib. Scapular of 
our Lady of Mount Oormel, ii. ; XIV. 688, 
a ah. See MoBACHisM, XI. 730, 1 bo. 

Car'men Smoila're, I. 686, 3 a. 

Oarmi, connty seat, XVI. 602, 3 c. 

Carmihb, in. 800. Carmine lake, 2 a. Dis- 
covery of, 2 ah. Preparation of, 2 b. 

Oarmo, ancient town: see Oakmoba. 

Oarmo'ka, city of Spain, IV. 5 (il).). 

Carmontel: see Cabmobtbllk. 

Carmohtkllk |T£ar-mo°'-t61], French playwright 
and artist, IV. 5. 

Caesao, town of Brittany, IV. 6. Celtic or 
druidical monament, 2 a (ill.). 

CamaUite, mineral, X. 863, 1 c ; XIII. 757, 1 a; 
769, 2 c. 

Caenab'von, town of Wales, IV. 6. Carnar- 
von caatle, 7, 1 a (ill., 6), 

Cabnaevobskibb, county of Wales, IV. 7. 

Camassien [kar-nfis-se-a], Cnvier's zoological 
order of, IV. 13, 1 a. 

Carrutta [kar-nfi,'-ta], former Hindoo kingdom, 

IV. 7, 1 0. 

Cabnat'io, province of British India, IV. 7 ; 
IX. 201, 2 a. 

Oo/mation pink, Xm. 531, 2 b (ill.). 

CAEBfi, Louis Morcein, count de [dilh tar-na], 
French author, IV. 7. Louis de, explorer, 2 h. 

Cabbbades [kar-ne'-a-deez], Greek philoso- 
pher, IV. 7. Substance of hia philosophy, 
8, 1 a. Attempted proof of the non-esiat- 
ence of God, 1 b. See Philosopht, XIII. 
486, 2 ab. 



OAEON 

Carneu [kar-ue'-ya], Spartan festival, IV. 8. 

Caebeliab [kar-ne'-lyan], mineral, IV. 8. 

Oaimm)ille, county seat, VII. 433, 3 b. 

Cami, Italic race, IS. 489, 1 a. 

Cabbicbb, Eamon [kar-ne-thair'], Spanish com- 
poser, IV. 8. 

Caknio'la, dnchy of Austria, IV. 9. 

Oah'nivai., festival, IV. 9. 

Car'ni -oa'le (farewell to flesh), origin of the 
word carnival, IV. 9, 1 c. 

Caebiv'oea, order of mammals, IV. 10. Geo- 
graphical distribution, 13, 1 a. Classification 
of Cuvier, 1 ab ; of Agassiz, 1 b ; of Owen, ib. 

CAENOOHAN,JolmMurray[kar'-no-kan], Amer- 
ican surgeon, IV. 12. 

Caenot, Lazare Nicolas ITarguerite [kar-no], 
French statesman and tactician, IV, IS. His 
" Geometry of Position " and " Theory of 
Transversals," VII. 702, 1 b. Law of Oamot 
(Sady,his son, d.l832):9eeHeAT,VIIL 579,2 
ab. — Lazare Hipp olyte, statesman, IV, 13, 2 b. 

Cabbub'tum, ancient town of Pannonia, IV- 14. 

Camu'twa Giv'itas, ancient town ; see Chak- 
TBBS, IV. 325, 1 b. 

Gtm>b bean, V. 618, 3 b. 

Caboian, Turlough, Irish hard, IV. 14. 

Oabolina: see Nobth Oaroliba, and Soitth 
Caeoliba. First settled, SII. 495, 2 a ; XVL 
151, 2 e. Ori^n of the name, ih. Constitu- 
tion by Locke, X. 566, 2 h ; XII. 495, 3 h. 
Divided into North and South, XVI. 152, 1 a. 

Carolina criminalts, statutes of Charles V., V, 
9,2 a. 

Carolina laurel cherry, X. 309, 1 a. 

Oaeouba Mabia, queen of Naples, IV. 14. 

Carolina parrot, XIII. 125, 2 e. 

Carolina red hay, tree, X. 309, 1 ab. 

Carolina iiaters, ike: see MoffSTEE, XI. 765, 
2ab. 

Carolina tit, bird, IL 676, 3 he. 

Caboubb, two counties, IV. 14. 

Caroline, steamer, destruction of, X. 801, 2 b. 

Carolise Amelia Augcsta, queen of England, 
IV. 14. See Gbobge IV., VII. 709, 2 c. 710, 
1 c; Bebuami, II. 564. 

Oabolise Islabds, or New Philippines, IV. 16. 

Caeolibb MATnoA, queen of Denmark, IV. 15. 

Carolingians : see Oabloviboians. 

Corofop'oiw, mediteval town: see Charleville. 

Car'om, in billiard playing, II. 643, 1 h, 3 a. 
Carom table, 641, 3 b (ill.). 

Oabob, Franciscus, Dutch navigator, IV. 16. 

Caron, Pierre Aiigustin [kil-ro°"] : see Beau- 



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CAEON 

Gabon, RenS ^dooard, Canadian jurist and 

statesman, IV. 16. 
Cabooe', town of British India, IV. 16. 
Carocoe [kil-roozh], town of Switzerland, IV. 

16. 
CABoyi, PriedrichWillielni [kil-ro-va'], German 

philosopher and publicist, IV. 16. 
Carp, flsh, IV. 1 B (iU.)- Gold fiah (golden carp), 

IT, 1 a. Cmcian carp, ib. 
Cahpaooio, Vittore [kar-pftt'-cho], Venetian 

painter, IV. 17. 
Carpadu'cua (omitUology), VII. 193, 1 c. 0, 

purpureua, »S. (iU.). 0. Californicus and 0. 

Casainii, 2 b. 
Cabp.:«'a, ancient dance, IV. 17. 
Caepani, Ginaeppe [kar-pS.'-ne], Italian drama- 
tist and writer on muBio, IV. 17. 

CAEPA'TniAN MOTJHTAINS, IV. 17. 

CAB'pATHtra: see Scarp anto. 

Carp iream, fieh. III. 240, 2 a. 

Oaepbaox, Jean Baptiste p:ar-pO], Freneli 
sculptor, IV. 18. (Died 1875.) 

Carpel, in botany, XIH. 587, 2 a. 

Oahpen'ta'bia, Galf of, Australia, IV. 18. 

Caepkhtbb, Lant, English elergjinan and au- 
thor, IV. 18. 

Cabpbhtbs, William Benjamin, English physi- 
ologist, IV. 18. Description of the epider- 
mis, V. 191, 2 b. Views on animal magnet- 
ism, I. 527, 1 be. Sea dredgings, IV. 19, 1 c ; 
referred to, II. 78, 1 ab, 391, 1 a. 

Carp^ifer ieet, 11. 468, 3 bo (ill.). 

Carpenter moth, referred to, IV. 107, 1 ah. 

CaTpmUra' hall, Philadelphia, XIII. 892, 2 a; 
5VI. 155, 3 b. 

Carpentorac'te, ancient town : see Caepks- 

CAHPBNTKAa ]kav-\ih"-tYt], city of France, IV. 
19. 

Caepbt, IV. 19. Ancient carpets, 3 c. Per- 
sian, 20, 1 a, Eidderminster or ingrain, 2 a. 
Three-ply, 2 ab; Bigelow's power loom for, 
2 h. Brussels, 21, 2 b. Wilton (moquette), 
2 e. Imperial Brussels, ib. Venetian, 22, 
I ab. Patent wool mosaic, 1 b. Exports 
from Great Britain, 1 be. 

Caepi [kar'-pe], town of Modena, Italy, IV. 
32. Of Verona, 3 a,. 

Carpi, Ugo da, Italian painter and engraver, 
IV. 22. 

Caepini, Giovanni di Piano [kar-pe'-ne], Italian 
monk and traveller, IV. 22, 

Cabpino, town of 8. Italy, IV. 22. 

Carpi'Tvat (botany), VIII. 819, 1 b. 0. Ameri- 



CAERINGTON'S 165 

cana, ib. 0. betulus, 3 a (ill.). C. orien- 

talis, 2 b. 
Ca/rpo^ one of the Hora, VHI. 816, 1 c. 
Carpoeapaa pomonella (entomology), XL 870, 

1 be. 
Carpocrat : see Cakpockates. 
Oarpooeateb [kar-pok'-ra-teez], Alexandrian 

theologian, IV. 33. Gnostic school of, VIII. 

54, 1 a, 3 be; XV. 189, 2 c. 
Oarpacratians, sect, VHI. 54, 1 a, 3 be ; XV. 

189, 2 c. 
Carpoph'aga (ornithology), XIII. 505, 2 a. C. 

(enea, 2 b (ill.) ; XII. 543, 1 c. 
Carpcsy'ma apimtla'ta, alcoholic ferment, XVI. 

776, 3 b. 
Caepzot [Gcr. karp'-tsofe], family of learned 

Germans, IV. 23. 
Cabe, Dabney, American patriot, IV. 33. 
Case, Sir Bobert, British commissioner in New 

England, IV. 23. 
Carr, Robert, earl of Somerset: see Ovee- 

BtTET, XII. 746, 1 b. 
Oakeaoci, Ludovico [kar-rat'-che], Italian 

painter, IV. 23. Agostino, 3 c. Annibale, 

24, 1 a. Francesco, 1 c. 

Oarbageen [kar'-ra-gheen], or Irish Moss, IV. 
25; 1.299, 3 b. 

Caeranza, Bartoiome de [kar-rin'-tha], Span- 
ish prelate, IV. 24. 

Carkaka [kar-rS'-ra], city of Italy, IV. 24. 
Academy of sculpture, 2 b. 

Caebaba Maeble, IV. 24. How Parian differs 
from it, 2 b. Varieties of, 3 c. Analysis of, 

25, 1 o. 

Care6, Michel [kS-ra], French dramatist, IV. 25. 

Carrel, Nicolas Armand [kS-rgl], French jour- 
nalist, IV. 25. 

OahbbSo db Mieakda, Juan [kar-ra'-nyo da 
me-ran'-da], Spanish pdnter, IV. 35. 

Cabbkea, Rafael [kar-ra'-ra], president of Gua- 
temala, IV. 25 ; I. 373, 2 a. 

Carhet'to, Francesco Saverio, marquis of, Nea- 
politan minister of police, IV. 36. 

CAEEioKFEE'oirs, seaport of Ireland, IV. 26. 
Carriokfergua castle, 3 c (ill.). 

Oaeeier, Jean Baptiste [ka-re-a], French revo- 
lutionist, IV. 26. 

Oaebiere, Moritz [kfi-re-air'], German philos- 
opher, IV. 37. 

Cabbies Piueoh, IV. 27 (ill.). Training of, 28, 
1 a, c. Use of during the siege of Paris, I. 
149, 1 a. 

Oaebigalqih', parish of Ireland, IV. 38. 

Carriiigton 



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166 



CAEEION 



tions, XV. 471, at; on the sun's spots, 
474, 3 a. 

Carriim bird (Canada jay), IX. 680, 1 a, 

Compn crmn, XVI. 413, 3 b (UI.). 

Carrioa flower, XV. 118, 2 c. 

Oarrvso [ktir-re'-so], county seat, XVI. 806, 2 bo. 

Oabho, Jean de, German physician, IV, 28. 

Gwrrol, SuManna: see Ckntlitrb, IV. 204, 1 b. 

Oabholl, name of fourteen counties, IV. 28. 

Cakeoll, Charles, of OarroUton, American pa- 
triot, IV. 30. 

Oabboli, John, American prelate, IV. 81. 

Carroll, William, American general, duel with 
Jesse Benton, IX. 488, 2 a. 

CmroUtmt, county seats, IV. 29, 1 c, 2 a, 2 b; 
80, 1 h, 3 a, 2 b; VUI. 228, ah; XIII. 497, 
1 b. 

CwfToUbya, town of Louisiana, XII. 331, 3 a; 



ir of Scotland, IV. 81. 

Carran, IVawdaevi : see Caeos. 

Carronadet, kind of cannon, Xll. 185, 1 c. 
Origin of the name, IV. 81, 2 ab. 

Ca/TTon oil, X. 613, 3 be. 

Cabbot, plant, IV. 81. Cultivation of, 2 b, ff. 

Garroted iUm: see Hat, VIII. 610, 2 e. 

Carromel, Place du [plSs da kar-roo-zel], pal- 
ace court, Paris, XIII. 79, 2 c. 

Carrueei, Jaeopo (Tiar-root'-che] : see Poktoe- 
MO, II. 

Carson, Christopher (Kit Carson), American 
trapper and soldier, IV. 82. 

Oahsok City, capital of Nevada, IV. 82. 

Cabstaieb, or Carstares, William, Scottish di- 
vine, IV. 33. Charged with complicity in the 
Rye House plot, and put to the torture, 2 c. 

CiKBTBSS, Asmus Jaiob, German painter, IV. 
S3. 

Oabtaqb'ba [Sp. kar-ta-'ha'-na], seaport of 
Spain, IV, 33 (view). 

Cakta&bna, city of Colombia, IV. 88 ; view, 34. 

Oaktago [kar-t^'-go], city of Colombia, IV. 34. 

Cabtaoo, town of Costa Rica, IV. 34. 

Ca/rta^Kihts, the wandering Jew, XVI. 446, 
Ibc. 

Cabtb, Thomas, English scholar, IV. 34. 

Cor(e, in fencing, VII. 120, 2 b. 

Caster, name of three counties, IV. 35. 

Caetbe, Elizabeth, English authorraa, IV. 85. 

CAH'TBBBr, county, IV, 35. 

GcerteTet, Sir George, proprietary of New Jer- 
sey, XII. 811, 1 a; XVI. 151, 2 a. 

Carteret, Joka: see Granvillb, VIII. 163, 1 c. 

Carteret, Philip, English navigator, IV. 35. 



CAETONAGE 

Garleret, Philip, governor of New Jersey, 
XII. 811, 1 ab. 

Ca/rtersville, county seat, 11. 353, 1 b. 

Cartesian philosophy: see Descabtes, VI. 37, 
2 a; PniLOSOPHT, 441, 1 a, 

CaETKSiua ; see Desoaktes. 

Carthage, ancient city and state of Africa, 
IV. 35. Early history, 3 b. Possessions, 36, 
1 c. Trade, 2 b; witli Britain, HI. 394, 1 a. 
Political constitution, IV. 86, 2 be. Lan- 
guage, &e,, 87, 1 ab. Description of the 
city, 1 o. Carthaginian cistern (ill.), 3 a. 
Reli^on, 2 be. History, 88, 1 a, Sicilian 
wars, 1 ab; I. 208, 1 ab; VIIL 412, 3 ab; 
XL 418, 1 be; XV. 22, 1 c; 643, 2 be, 543, 

1 a. Wars in Spain, XV. 210, 1 be. (See 
Eamiloae and Habdbubal.) First Punic 
war, IV. 38, 3 b ; second, 3 c ; third, 39, 1 b. 
Destruction of Carthage ; see Conflagra- 
tion, V. 235, 1 a. 

Carthage, ruined aqueduct of, I. 611, 2 b (ill.). 

Great conference of, VI. 208, 2 c. Council 

at: see Ctpeian, V. 915, 1 be. 
Garthage, county seats, VIIL 435, 1 a; IX. 571, 

2 b; X. 268, 1 a; XL 801, 2 a; XIII. 38, 
3c; XV. 115, lb. 

Oakthaoena : see Cabtaoena. 

Garthago : see CAHTnAGB. 

Carthago Nova : see Oaetaoksa, Spain. 

Cartham'ic acid, XIV. 516, 2 b. 

Oaethaminb [kar'-tha-min] : see Saftlowee, 

XIV. 516, 2 b. 
Cwrthamus (botany), XIV. 616, 1 e. C. tinc- 

torius, 1 b (ill.). Preparation of rouge from 

its loaves, 440, 1 b, 
Cartheuseb, Johann Friedrich [kart'-hoi-zer], 

German physician and naturalist, IV. 39. 
Caetjui'siabs, branch of the Benedictines, IV. 

89 ; XL 730, 1 b. Carthusian monk (ill.), 

IV. 40, 1 a. Origin of the name, 39, 1 c ; 

in. 360, 2 b. 
Oaetieb, Sir George Etieu 

dian statesman, IV. 40, 

ferred to, VH. 585, 1 b. 
Oabtiee, Jacques, French n 
Caetq-aob (anatomy), IV. 41. Temporary 

cartilages, 2 c. Permanent, articular, and 

membraniform, ih. Substance and cells of 

cartilage, 42, 1 a (ill.). Fibro-caililage, 3 c. 
Gartilagea, euneiform, or cartilages of Wris- 

berg, XVL 738, 1 a. 
Cartismwn'd'ia, queen of the Brigantes, III. 



B [kar-tya]. Can 
His ministry r 



.vigator, IV. 40. 



765, 3 be. 



mummy case, XH. i 



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OARTONPIEEEE 

Cartonpierre omamenU [kar-to°"-pjair] : t 

PiPiBE Mioiri:, XIII. 54, 1 c. 
Cartoon', in freaco pdnting, VII. 482, 2 

Cartoons of Raphael, ib. ; XIV. 206, 2 be. 
CiETOooHB, Louia Dominique [kar-toosi 

French robber, IV. 43, 
Cartridges, matflUio, I. 439, 1 c ; paper, first 

iotroducod, 7i7, 1 b, 
Cabtweicht, Edmund, English clergyman and 

iaventor, IV. 43. 
Cabtweioht, John, English political reformer, 

IV. 43. 
CAETWBifiHT, Peter, Americaa clergyman, IV. 

44. 
Caktweisht, Thomas, English Puritan divine, 

IV. 44. 
Ca'ram ea'rui (botany), HI. T67. 
Oarum petroaeWnuta (botany), XIII. 139, 3 b 

(ill.). 
CABfrpANO [ka-roo'-pa^no], town of Venezuela, 

IV. 44. 
Cabos, Karl Gustav [kS'-rooa], German phj- 

Bician and naturalist, IV. 44. His 

tion of birds, XII. TOT, l' o; 

XI. 80, 2 c; of reptiles, VIII. 093, 2 ab. 

Anatomical theory of the skeleton, XIII. 

424,1a; V. 186, 1 b. 
CA'Kua, Marcus Aiirelius, Eoman emperor, 

IV. 45. 
Caeus, Victor Julius, German zoologist, IV. 

45. Priedrioh August, philosopher, 1 b. 

Ernst August, professor of surgery, ib. 
Carwlv.r, mediteval town: see Chebboueo. 
Carcajal [kar-va-'hal'], two brothers, legend 

of, Vn. 130, 1 a. 
Oaetajai., Tomas Josfi Gonzales, Spanish au- 
thor, IV. 45. 
Caetalho e Mbllo [kar-va'-lyo a mel'-lo] ; see 

POMBAL. 

Caevhe, county, IV. 45. 

Cabveb, John, governor of Plymouth colony, 

IV. 45. 
Oabvbb, Jonathan, American traveller, IV. 45. 
CiEviN [fcar-Ya°f], town of Prance, IV. 45. 
Caning machine, inventor of, II. 108, 2 c. 
Ca'ey, Alice, American author, IV. 45. Phcehe, 

poetess, 46, 1 b. 
Cast, Archibald, American patriot ("Old 

Iron"), IV. 46. 
Caey, Henry Francis, English clergyman and 

writer, IV. 46. 
Oaet, Lott, one of the founders of Liberia, 

IV. 4T. 
Gary, Thomas G., scientific collector, 1. 177, 1 b. 



CASCADES 



167 



Cit'rya (botany), Vni. 715, 1 c. C. amara, 
2 be. 0. porcina, 2 c. C. microcarpa, 716, 

1 a. C. tomentosa, 1 b (ills.). C. alba, 3 a. 
0. snlcata, 3 b. C. olivieformis, ji. ; XIII. 
320, 2 b (ilt., 231). 0. myristicfeformis, il. 

Ca/ryai'ic Jigures, Egyptian, I. 654, 3 b, 655, 

2 c. 

Oaetatides [ka-re-at'-e-doez], in architecture, 
IV. 47 (ill.). 

Caryophyl'lwta/romat'icm(boiB^f),lY .115,20. 

Ca/ryo'ta (botany), XIII. 18, 1 c. 0. urens (ill,). 

Casa, Giovanni della [ka'-za], Italian prelate 
and author, IV. 47. 

Cababianca, Louis [kfl-za-byan'-ka], French 
naval officer, IV. 47. 

Oasaoales'ba, town of S. Italy, IV. 47. 

Oasal, Hanuel Ayres de [ka-z41'], Portuguese 
geographer, IV. 47. 

Cagalama, St. Joseph (Calaaanetius), founder 
of the order of Piarists, XIII. 493, 2 c. 

Casale [ka-za'.-la], city of Italy, IV. 47. 

Casal-Magoioek [kS-z^-mM-jo'-ra], town of 
Italy, IV. 48. 

Casal-Pdstkelbngo [-poos-tair-len'-go], town 
of Italy, IV. 48. 

Gasamah'za, river of Senegambia, IV. 48. 

Ca»amafrea: see Cajamaeca. 

CASANoVi, Giovanni Giaoomo de Seingalt, 
Italian adventurer, IV. 48. 

Cam, OtoTwma [k&'-sa o-to-mS'-na], headquar- 
ters of Spanish revolutionists, IX. 438, 1 c. 

Casa de Pilato [da pe-ia'-to], a palace in Se- 
ville, SrV. 790, 2 b. 

Casarka (ornithology), XIV. 843, 3 c, and 843, 

3 a. C. rutila, iS. 
Casas, Las : see Las Cabas. 
Casa Sahta : see Lobkto. 

Cabas Gbandks [ka'-sSss grfiD'-daee], town of 
Merioo, IV. 49 ; I. 393, 1 c ; 455, 1 c. House 
at Tewah, Arizona (ills.), IV. 49, 3 b, 50, 1 a. 
Casas de Montezuma, 1 b. Moquis, 1 c ; 
Moqui town (ill.), 2 b. Mesas, used as build- 
ing places, 2 c. 

Casau'eon, Isaac [Er. kS-zo-bo""], Swiss theo- 
logian and critic, IV. 50. Meric, English 
divine and author, 51, 1 b. 

Cmlah, castle of Algiers, L 308, 1 a. 

Oasbik [Ma-been'], city of Persia, IV. 51. 

Casoa, Publius Servilius, a conspirator against 
Cfflsar, IV. 51. 

Cascade de Longehaw/pi [kSa-kSd dilh 10"'-siiS'''], 
artificial rookwork. III. 164, 1 b. 

Cascade Ranqk, IV. 51 ; XIV. 378, 2 a. 

Cascades, county seat, XV. 74, 2 b. 



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168 



CASCALHO 



Cascalho [kSs-kd'-lyo], deposit of diamonds, VI. 

74, 1 a. 
Casea/r; see Kashgae, IS. 771, 1 c. 
Casoabil'la, medicinal bark, IV. 51 (ill., 52). 
Caad : see Latin LAKOUAaB and Litkbatoeb, 

X. 186, 2 0. 
Gaacine [kS-she'-na], park of Florence, VII. 

277, 1 ab; XIII. 104, S be. 
Caboo Bay, Maine, IV, 52, 
Oabe, in law, IV. 52. 
Ca*e, compositor's, XIII. 84T, 1 o. Lower case, 

ii. ; upper, 3 a. Fouling the case, 848, 2 a. 
Cask, William, apostle to the Canadian Indians, 

IV. 52. 
CASE-HABDENise, of iron, IV. 53. 
Oasbinb [ka'-se-in] : see CnBESE, and VII. 143, 

2 be. 
Casemate, in fortiflcation, VII. 334, 2 ab. 
Casbrta [kS-zfiir'-ta], province of Italy, IV. 62. 

Capital city, 2 ab. Oaserta Vecchia, 2 b. 
Casks, Count de Las ; see Lah Cases. 
Case Shot, IV. 53. Invention of, I. 786, 1 o ; 

789, 1 b. Shrapnel shell, IV, 53, 1 b. 
Case worm : see Mayfly, 
Cases', county, IV. 53 
Cash, Chinese coin, IV 
Oabhas : see EAsnAif . 
Cash 'book, in bookkeeping, III. 
Oabh'el, town of Ireland, IV. 53, 

Cashel, 3 ab. Cashel cathedral, 
Cashew' Nur, IV. 53. Tree, 1 j 

Xin. 591, 2 b. 
Cashikonay ant, I. 541, 3 e. 
Cashmekk', kingdom of India, IV. 64. Valley 

of Cashmere, 1 c. Cashmerian boatmen (ill.), 

55, 1 a. 
Oathmere, city: see Sbbinaour. 
Cashmbbe, textile fabric, IV. 55, Cashmere 

shawls, manufacture of, 2 a. Markets, 2 b. 

Attempts to naturalize the Thibet goat, 2 e. 
Caiikmere goat, VIII. 67, 1 c. See Thibet goat 

(Index), 
CashmeTiam, IV, 54, 2 c; IX. 218, 2 c. Lan- 
guage of, IX. 21G, 2 c, 318, 1 c, 
Cabimib [kaz'-e-mer], name of several Polish 

raonarchs, IV, 66, Casimir I,, the Peaceful, 

or "the Monk," 1 b. Casimir II., the Just, 

1 c. Casimir III., the Great, i5. The Jewess 

Esther, his mistress, 57, 1 ftb. Casimir IV., 

57, 1 b. Casimir V, : see John Casimir. 
Ocmmir-Pirier [k3-ze-ineer-pair-ja] r see Pfe- 

MER, Anguste Casimir Victor Laurent. 
OaHnetmati am^egation (of Benedictines), II. 



a; XIL537,lb, 



Rook of 
2 be (iU.). 
i (iU., 54); 



CASSINE 

Casing, in glass making, VJII. 32, 3 b. 
Casiho, Monte [kd-ze'-no], Benedictine monas 
tory, IV. 57. Congregation of, II, 520, 1 c 
Casi'num, ancient town, IV. 57, 1 c. 
Catkete, dangerous rocks near Alderney, I. 36f 



; IV. S 



!, 1 a. 



Caso'hia, town of Italy, IV. 57, 

Cabpahi, Carl Paul [kas-pd'-re], German theo- 
logian, IV, 57. 

Caspe [kAs'-pa], town of Spain, IV, 57. 

Caspian gates, pass, VI, 494, 2 b. 

CASPiiis Sea, IV, 57. Changes of its level, 68, 
1 h. Depth below the ocean level, ii. Navi- 
gation, 1 c. Caspian steamboat navigation 
company, 2 a, 

Oasb, name of seven comities, IV, 58. 

Cass, Lewis, American statesman, IV. 59. 
Governor of Michigan territory and Indian 
superintendent, 3 be. Secretary of war, 2 c. 
Minister to France, 60, 1 a, XJ, 8, senator, 
ib. Candidate for the presidency, id. His 
Nicholson letter, I be. Secretary of state, 
1 c, Ketiros from Buchanan's cabinet on 
his refusal to relieve Fort Sumter, iS. 

Cassaonao: see Gbanibbdb Oabsagnao. 

OASSAu'DBm, king of Macedon, IV. 60. Battle 
of Ipsus, 61, 1 0. 

Cassakdbr, George, Flemish theolc^an, IV. 61. 

Cassandra, Trojan princess, IV. 61. 

Gassako [kas-sS'-no], town of S. Italy, IV. 61. 
Town of N. Italy, 2 c. 

Cassa'hon [Fr. kSs-sa-se-o"], court; of, IT. 62. 
meal from manihot roots, IV. 62 



(111.). 

Cabbel, I 
Cassel, 



of France, IV. ( 
ity of Germany, IV. £ 



Palace of 
"Wilhelmshehe, 63, 1 b (ill.). 

Cabbel, PauluB Stephanus Selig, German cler- 
gyman and author, IV. 68. 

Casm'na, shrnb, XVI, 773, 1 b (Yaupon), 

Cassia, bark, IV, 63, See Cinnamon. Cin- 
namomum cassia, 1 a (ill.) ; XIV. 768, 2 e. 
0. acutifolia, iS. (il!., 769). C. Marilandica, 
769, 3 a (ill,). 0. fistula, IV, 63, 2 h. 

Casman; see Cassiands, Johannes. 

CABSiANns, Johannes (Cassian), founder of 
monastic institutions, IV. 63 ; XI. 729, 3 a. 

Camam, bird, XVI, 6, 3 ft (ill.). 

Catgicu* (ornithology), XVI. 6, 2 a (ill.). 

Cas'sin, John, American ornithologist, IV. 64. 
John, commodore, 1 b. Stephen, commo- 
dore, iS. 

Goiii'ne, Indian "black drink," I. 403, 1 a. 
See Taupos. 



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oAssnn 



Oissisi [kas-ss'-ne], a family of Italian and 
French astronomers, IV. 64. Giovanoi 
Doraenico, 1 c. His astronomical discov- 
eries, 2 a-65, 1 b. Lenses used by him, XV. 
623, 2 0. Mistaken theory of the form of 
the earth, VI. 855, 1 b.— Jacques, IV. 65, 

1 b, Cisai Franfois, 2 a. Jacques Domi- 
nique, connt de Thury, 2 ab. Alexandre 
Henri Gabriel, botanist, 3 be. 

Cassiso [kaa-se'-no], game at cards, IV. 65. 

Cassino, Monte : see Casino. 

Cabsiodo'rub, Magnus Aurelius, Italian states- 
man, author, and ascetic, IV. 66. 

Cassiopeia [kas-se-o-pe'-ya], constellation, IV. 
66. 

CASSiQTTiiBE, OF Oassiquiari [kas-se-ke-a'-ra, 
-re], river of Venezuela, IV. 66. 

Cassis (conchology), IV. 66. 0. Ma^agasoa- 
riensis. III. 652, 1 c. C. tuberosa, iS., and 

2 a, C. coniuta, *6. C. mfa, ib. See Hat- 
MBT Shell. 

Cassiibiudes [kas-se-fSr'-e-deez], islands, IV. 
66; XIV. 693, 1 a. 

Camv» [kash'-us], nom de plume, II. 694, 2 c. 

Oabsios, Dion: see Diorf Oassids. 

Cassius, Longinus Oaius, leader of the con- 
spiracy against Ctesar, IV. 66. Cassius Par- 
mensis, also a conspirator, 6T, 1 b. Cassius 
of Etruria, poet, ib. 

Cassius, Purple of, IV. 6T. 

Cassock, clerieal garment, IV. 67. 

Gaasop'olu, county seat, IV. S8, 3 c. 

Cas'sowart, bird, IV. 67 (ilL). Size and form 
of its eggs, XI. 805, 2 b. 

Casanille, county seat, II. S4I, 2 b. 

Cast of the eye, XV. 396, 2 ab (Sqitintino). 

Casta'lia, ancient fountain, IV. 67; V. 78S, 
2 b; XHL 122, 1 e. Nymph, IV. 68, 1 a. 

Castalian fountain, or spring : see Oastaua 
(Indes). 

Ca»talide» [kas-tal'-e-deez], a, name of the 
muses, IV. 67, 3 o. 

Castalio, S6bastien [kas-tS-lyo], French theo- 
logian, IV. 68. 

Cmtalion [kas-ta-IyO""] : see Oastalio. 

Oagfa'nea vm'ea, or 0. vulgaris (botany), IV. 
390, 1 o (ill.). Castanea nui, fruit, 3 be. 
0. pumila, 391, 2 h (ill.). 

CastaSos, Francisco Xavier de [kas-ta'-nyoce], 
duke of Baylen, Spanish general, IV. 68. 

Oastb: see India, IX. 306, 3 c. Distinctions 
of caste disappearing, 230, 2 bo. 

Oa»tel a Mare : see Oastellamarb. 

Oasiklar', Emilio, Spanish statesman, IV. 68. 



Oastel Beanoo, city of Portugal, IV. 68. 
CaaUl del Monte, hunting seat, I. 486, 1 o {Au- 

Castel-Fidaedo, town of Italy, IV. 68. 
Oastel-Feanco, town of Italy, IV. 68. 
Castellamahe [kaa-tel-la-mS'-ra], (0. di Sta- 

bia), seaport of S. ItaJy, IV. G8; view, 69. 

Seaport of Sicily, 69, 1 a. 
Castkllanbta [kSs-tel-la-na'-ta], town of S. 

Italy, IV. 69. 
Castbl'm, IgQBZ Friedrich, German dramatist, 

IV. 69. 
Cagtello Branco : see Oastbl Beanco. 
Castbuom de la Plana [kfis-ta-lyone' da 14 

pl4'-na], province of Spain, IV. GB. Capital 

city, 1 c. 
Gastel'ltmi, ancient town ; see Cassbl, France, 
Castelnau, Michel de fkSs-tel-nO], sienr de la 

Mauviasi^re, French soldier and diplomatist, 

IV. 69. 
Oabtelnaitdaby [kas-tel-no-dS-re], town of 

France, IV. 69. Scene of an tmlo da fi^ 

2 c. 
Cmtel 2imvo, Naples, XH. 189, 1 c (iU.). 
Cmielnuojto, fort of, IV. 127, 2 a (Cattaro). 
Oastblsabbasih [-sa-ra-za°«], town of France, 

IV. 70. 
Castkl-Vetraso [-va-trA'-no], town of Sicily, 

IV. 70. 
Casti, Giovanni Battista, Italian poet, IV. 70. 
CWtigatory, instrument of punishment, Y. 

666, 3 ab. 
Oastigliokb [kas-te-lyo'-na], two villages of 

Italy, IV. 70. 
Oasthsuone, Baldassare, Italian statesman and 

author, IV. 70. 
OASTiQuorTE, Carlo Ottavio, coimt, philologist 

and antiquary, IV. 70. 
Castioliosk, Giovanni Benedetto, painter and 

engraver, IV. 70. 
Castigliobg, Giasepps, artist and missionary, 

IV. 70. 
C'astiglione, Prince (Alessandro di Gonzaga), a 

pretender, VHI. 100, 1 a. 
Castile [kas-teel'], ancient kingdom of Spain, 

IV. 70. Union of Castile and Leon, 71, 1 a, 

and of Aragon with them, ib. Old Castile, 

71, 1 a; provinces of, 1 b. New Castile, 

1 c ; provinces of, ib: 
Caetilian language, XV. 318, 1 c. 
Castilla, Don Eamon [kSs-te'-lya], Peruvian 

general, rV. 71. 
Ctatilh. de Oro (isthmna of Panama), SIII. 33, 

1 b. 



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170 



CASTILLEJO 



CiSTiLLEJO, Crist^valde [kas-te-Ija'-'ho], Spim- 
ish poet, IV. n ; XV. 221, 1 b. 

Castillo, Diego EnriqQez de [kSa-te'-ljo], Span- 
ish chronicler, IV. 71. 

Castillo'a ela^tka (botanj), HI. 734, 1 o; 735, 
lab. 

CiBTiNB [kas-teen'J, town of Maine, IV. 73. 

CiSTiNO, IV. 72. Ancient bronze and iron 
castings, 1 bo. Bronze lion from Nineveh, 
2 b (ill.). Colossal statue at ELodes, 73, 
1 ah. Statue of Mercury, 1 be (ill.J. Large 
bells, 2 a. Process of casting, 2 ah. Foun- 
dery, 74, 1 a, ff, (ills.). Procesaea in light 
and heavy castings, 75, 2 ah. Moulding 
flask, 3 (ill, 76) ; cope, jfi. (ill.) ; rammer, 
1 (ill.); section of mould (ill.), 77, 1 a; 
mould for a column, 1 c (Ul.). Jobson's 
patent^ 77, 3 ah, Jackson'a patent, 2 b. 
Green sand moulding, 2 c. Loam mould, 78, 
1 b (ill.). Sweep, 3 h (ill.). Drying oTena 
(ilL), 79, 1 a. Sweeping the cope (ill), 1 c. 
Packing the mould of a ateam cylinder (ill.), 
80, 1 ft. Furnace for melting brass (iU.), 
a b. Meneelj'a cases (ill.), 81, 1 o.— Casting 
in the fine arts, ih. Bust covered with plaa- 
ter mould (ill.), 82, 1 c. Machine for cast- 
ing a bust (iU-), 2 h. Piece mould for a 
Btatne (ill.), 83, 2 c. Statue and core of 
mould (ill.), 84, I o. Perpendicular section 
of mould (ill.), 2 h. Old method still used in 
Italy, 85, 1 b. 

C'a»t iroti. III. 775, 2 o ; IX. 367, 1 b, ff. ; 890, 2 a. 

Castle: see Fobtifioation, VII. 328, 2 ab. 

Castlbbar', town of Ireland, IV. 85. 

Castle Caret, town of England, IV. 85. 

Caitle Dangerout, of Seott'a novel, VI. 223, 1 a. 

Ca»tU Garden, XII. 387, 3 ab ; VI. 574, 1 a. 

CoiUe Hill, Edinburgh, VI. 405, 1 he ; 406, 1 c. 

Cattle island, near Albany, I. 248, 2 a. 

Castlkmaih', town of Auatralia, IV. 85. 

Cattle Nedd [neth] : see Nkath. 

Ca»tle Pincha^y, fort near Charleston, IV. 814, 
1 c. 

Castlebeagq, Robert Stewart [kas-a'l-rf'], vis- 
count and marquis of Londonderry, Britiah 
statesman, IV. 85. 

Cwitle Bvsken, Isle of Man, IV, 86, 1 c. 

Castles, fewial, I. 663, 1 b. 

Castles of Europe and Asia, on the Bosporus, 
m. 113, 1 bCiU.). 

Oas'tleton, town of Vermont, IV. 8G. 

Castletown, capital of the lale of Man, IV. 86. 

Caetor: see Beavkb. C. Americanos, VII. 539, 
lb. 



Castob, secretion of the beaver, IV. 86, 
Oasto'reum, a secretion, II. 434, 1 b; XIV. 

383, 1 a. 
Gaatoroi'des OMoen'da, extinct rodent, XIV. 

382, 3 c. 
Castor On., IV. 86. Castor oil plant (ill), 3 h. 

Estraotion of the oil, 87, 1 ab. Its cathartic 

action, 1 o. 
Cahtob ahd Pollux, mythological heroes, IV. 

87 (ill.). Their appearance at the battle of 

Lake Eegillua, SIV. 361, 2 b. Electrical 

flames, socalled, XL 865, 1 a. Constellation, 

IV. 88, 1 ah : aee Gemini. 
Cabtok Eitbr, Missouri, IV. 88. 

CflSTBATION, IV. 88. 

Oaatra Vinwtui, ancient town : see Baena. 

Castr^n, Matthias Alezander [k^-train'], Tin- 

niah philologiat, IV. 88. 
CASTEEa [kastr'], town of France, IV. 88. 
Castri : see Dblpui, V. 784, 1 o ; 785, 3 bo. 
Cas'teiot, George : see Soandbrbeo. 
Castrio'ta, George: see ScAtniERBEa, and 1. 344, 

2 c. 
Castriota, John, Albanian prince, XIV. 663, 3 c. 
(hatTO, capita! of Lemnos, X. 385, 3 c. 
Oasteo, Henry, Tesan pioneer, IV. 89. 
Castro, Ines de, Portuguese princess, IV. 89, 
Castbo, Joao de, Portuguese naval hero, IV. 

89. Exploration of the Bed sea, 2 b, c. 
Castro del Bio [re'-o], town of Spain, IV. 89. 
Castro 010 VANBI [k&s-tro-jo-v8.n'-ne], city of 

Sicily, IV. 90 (view). 
CASTRUciiao-CASTRACANi [kSs-troot'-cho-kds- 

tra-kfl'-ne], leader of the Ghibellines, IV. 90. 
GoAirwm Emue, ancient town : see Casteosio- 

CoKtTum Novum Arianorum, ancient town, IV. 
69, 2 c. 

Castrum. Paellarum,, an old name of Edinburgh 
castle, VI. 406, 1 a. 

Caetws (botany), n. 387, 1 b. 

Casua'rius galea'titt (omithologj), IV, 67, 1 c 
(ill). C. Bennetti, XL 805, 1 c (ill). C. 
anstralis, 2 bu. 

Cm'uisU: see Theolo&t, XV. 696, 2 a. 

Casvkbn' ; see Casbis. 

Caswall, Henry, English clergyman and au- 
thor, IV. 90. 

Caswell, county, LV. 91. 

Caswell, Richard, American general and states- 
man, IV. 91. 

Cat, general name for feline animals, IV. 91, 
Domestic cat, 3 c (ill, 93). Principal vari- 
eties, 93, 2 a. Mans oat, ib. (ill). Wild 



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CAT 

cat, 2 b (ill.). East Indian species, 93, 1 a. 
Fur of, VII. 530, 3 ab. 

Cat, Christopher {Kit), X. 19, 3 b. 

Cataele'da, Athenian assembly, VI. 385, 3 b. 

Cat'aelyams, in geology, VII. 695, 1 b. 

Catacombs, IV. 93. Of Thebos, 1 ab (ill.). 
Of Rome, 94, 1 a (ill.) ; works written upon 
them, 2 o. Of Naples, 95, 2 a. Of Syracuse 
and of Malta, 3 b. Of Paris, 2c(ill.). Church 
of the catacombs at Thebes, referred to, V. 
332, 1 a. 

Oatahobul [kat-a-boo'-la], pariah of Louisiana, 
IV. 96. 

Catalan forge, or bloomary, II. 741, 2 c. A 
forge falsely so called, 743, 2 b. 

Oatalani, Angelica [k4-ta-la'-ne], Italian sing- 
er, IV. 96. 

Catalan language, SV. 318, 3 a ; literature, 
233, 1 b. See XIV. 39, 3 c. 

Oatalbpbt, IV. 96. Causes and treatment of, 
9T, 1 c. 

Catallac'ties : see Politioal Economy, XIII. 
664, 1 a. 

(htalegnea, bibliographical, 11. 819, ff. 

Catalobia, division of Spain, IV. 97. 

CATALPi, genas of trees, IV. 98. 0. syrinx- 
folia, 3 b (ill.). 

Oatai'ysis, in chemistry, IV. 99 ; I. 571, I b ; 
XVI. 843, 2 a. 

Catamaran', fire ship, VII. 607, 1 b. Float or 
raft, X. 833, 3 a. 

Catamabca, province of the Argentine Eepab- 
hc, IV. 99. Capital city, 3 ab. 

Catambhta, IV. 99. Vicarious, 100, 1 a. 

Catamottnt: see Cottchiah. 

Cata'na, ancient city, IV. 100, 3 a, bo. 

Cata'nia [Ital. kfl-tft'-ne-a], province of Sicily, 
IV. 100. Capital city, 3 a. Roman remains, 
ik Square of tie Elephant (iU.). 

Catahzako [kfi-tfin-dzA'-ro], province of Italy, 
rV. 100. Capital city, 101, 1 a. 

Catapan', a viceroy, I. 608, 1 b. 

Cataph'agus linea'tua (entomology), XVI, 678, 
2&. 

Cata^Vrygea, a sect: see Montanists, XI. 775, 
lb. 

Cataplasm, poultice, FV. 101. 

Catapclt, military en^ne, IV. 101 (ill), 

Catapulta: see Oatapitlt, and II. 246, 1 c. 

Oatabaot, disease of the eye, IV. 101. Va- 
rieties of, 3 be. Operations for it ; depres- 
sion of the lens, or couching, 103, 1 c ; break- 
ing up the lens, 2 be ; extraction, 2 c. 

Cataract, in steam engines, XV. 842, 3 be. 



CATFISH 



171 



Catabbh, disease, IV. 103. Of the bladder, 
3 a; II. 687, 1 b. 

Oatarrhac'tes (ornithology), XIII. 349, 1 b. C. 
chrysocome, 3 a (ill.). 

Catarrhal fevers, IV, 103, 3 a. Catarrhal oph- 
thalmia, 3 ah. 

Catarrhua <B$tims, VIII. 537, 3 b (Hat Cold). 

Catabauqda, borough of Pennsylvania, IV. 
108. 

Catawba, county, IV. 103. 

Catawba, river, IV. 104. 

Catawba grape, I. 417, 1 e, ff. 

Oatawbas, Indian tribe, IV. 104. 

Catawba "Winb: see Auekioan "Wines, I. 437, 

1 0. 

Catbied, IV. 104 (ill.). 

Gatirier, XV. 113, 1 be. 

Catehpool, in sewerage, XIV. 797, 1 a. 

Gatck weight, in the prize ring, XIV. 75, 3 b. 

Catch teorlc, in irrigation, IS. 415, 3 c. 

Catbah, Le plh k2-tii], town of France, IV. 
104. Treaties of; 2 c. 

Catea/it-Ca/mbrhis [-kfi°'-bra-se] : see Cateau, 
Le. Peace of; VU. 383, 3 a. 

Oateohisk [kat'-e-kizm], IV. 105. Cateehis- 
mns Eomanns, 1 b. Catechism ot the Greek 
church, 1 c ; of the Lutheran and Reformed 
churches, ib. ; of the Socinians, ib, ; of the 
English church, iS. ; of the Westminster as- 
sembly, ib. Larger catechism, XVI. 568, 
1 o; shorter, i5., and 3 b. 

CATBonu [tat'-e-ku], estract, IV. 105. Acacia 
catechu, 3 a (ill). Catechuic acid, 3 c. 

Catechu pahn, XIII. 17, 2 a. 

Categorieal imperative, Kant's, IS. 763, 8 b. 

Categories, invented by' Aristotle, I. 706, 2 b. 
Kant's, IX. 761, 1 b. 

Catel, Franz [kfi-tel'], German artist, IV. 105. 

Cateram, Scottish robbers, IX. 772, 3 a. 

Catekpillar, IV. 106 (ills.). General descrip- 
tion, 1 b. False caterpillars, 3 b. Voracity, 
107, 1 a. Rapid increase in size and weight, 
ib. Food, 1 h. Habitations, 2 a. Proees- 
sionary caterpillars, 2 c (il!.). Changes, 108, 
1 b. Their ravages, 1 o. 

Catebpillab Funoub, IV. 106. 

Catkbbt, Mark, English artist and naturalist, 
IV. 109. 

Catmby, Robert, originator of the gunpowder 
plot, Vn. 99, 3 c. 

Catfish, TV. 109. Common catfish, or horned 
pout, 3 a (iU.)- Great lake catfish, 3 c. 
Other kinds, i(., and 110, 1 a. Blind catfish, 
II, 732, 3 bo. 



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Catgtit, IV. 110. Milanese or Roman Btrings, 

lb. 
Cathari; see OATHiEisia. Referred to, Xin. 

178, 1 a. 
Cafhari leaders, referred to, IL 674, 1 c. 
CArHARiHi I. [kath'-a-rin], empress of Russia, 

IV. 110, Mistress of Peter the Great, 3 ab. 

Acknowledged as his wife, 2 be; Hb hia suc- 

Cathakine II., empress of Russia, IV. 111. 
Wife of Peter III., 1 b. Her amours, 1 be. 
Murder of Pet«r, 2 b. CatbaHne crowned 
empress, ii. Political activity, 112, 1 a. 
First division of Poland, ib. ; second and 
third, 2 bo. Scheme for dismembering Tur- 
key, 1 be ; war against it, 2 a. French revo- 
lution, 2 b. Her charaetcr, 113, 1 a. Her 
efforts to raise the condition of women in 
Eussia, XrV". 486, 1 o. Influence on the 
Russian language and literature, 497, 1 b. 

Catharine, second wife of King JSr6me Bona- 
parte, III. 27, Ic; 28, la. 

Catharine, lake, Louisiana, XII. 321, 2 c. 

Catharine Saint : see Cathakinb Fiebobi 
Adobijo, and Oathaeike of Sieha. Of 
Sweden, m. 287, 2 b. 

Cathakibb OF Aeaoon : see Hehet VIII. 

CatTio/rine archipelago, I. 274, 2 c. 

Gatrarinb op Bbaganza, queen of England, 
IV. 113; 282, Ic. 

Cathaeine FiESOHi Adorno, Saint, IV. 113. 

Cathaeisb of Fkahcb, or of Valois, queen of 
England, IV. 113. Secret marriage with 
OwenTador, 2 c. 

Cathaeikb de' Medici [Ital. da ma'-de-che], 
queen of France, IV. 114. Massacre of St. 
Bartholomew's, 2 ab; II. 348, 1 ab and b; 
349, 1 ab ; V. 55, 1 c. Her fondness for 
tobacco referred to, 5V. 780, 2 c. 

Catharine Pars, queen of England, IV. 114. 

Cathabinb Paulovna, queen of Wilrteinberg, 
IV. 115. 

OATHABiifB OP SiBNA, Saint, IV. 116. 

Catharig'ta atra'ta (ornithology), XVI. 413, 
2 b (ill.). 

Catkasists, medi£eval heretics, IV. 115; I. 
243, 2 b; 353, 1 a. See Dominio, VI. 199, 
2 b, ff. Referred to, VIH. 55, 1 a. 

Oafhar'm au'ra (ornithology ),X VL 62, 2 o (ill.). 
0.{psendogryphiig)Oalifornianns, III. 600,2b. 

Oathartios (medicine), IV. 116. 

Catharlidm (ornithology), XVI. 412, 1 c. 

Oath'oabt, William Schaw, earl, English gen- 
eral and diplomatist, IV. 117. 



CATO 

Cathb'deal, IV. 117. Cathedrals in continen- 
tal Europe, 2 ab ; in England, 119, 1 b ; in 
America, 2 b. 

OATHELisKAir, Jacquea [kS-tiih-le-no], general- 
iswmo of the Vendeana, IV. 120. Ja<?ques, 
his son, 1 be. 

Catheneood, Frederick, artist, XV. 374, 1 c. 

Cathlamet [kath-ia'-met], county seat, XVI. 
420, 1 b. 

Cath'ode of a lattery, in galvanism, VH. 84, 
1 c; 597, 2 a. 

Catholic Apostolic Church: see Ibvimg, Ed- 
ward, IX. 418, 2 0. 

Catholic cusooiation, in Ireland, IX. 859, 2 a. 

CATnoiao Ohubch : see Roman Catholic 
Chitbch. 

CafAoiiccofony, in Pennsylvania, VII. 582, 2 be. 

Catholic emandpation, in Ireland, VI. 617, 1 c ; 
IX. 359, 1 c; X. 155, 1 b; XII. 675, 1 a: 
Xm. 224, 2 c. 

Catholicon, printed 1460, II. 235, 2 b. 

CatiWna: see Catilinb. 

Cat'ilihb, Lucius Sergius, Roman conspirator, 
IV. 120. 

Catikat de i.A Faucohnbbie, Nicolas de [ka- 
te-n& dilh la fo-knn-re], French general, IV. 
121. 

Oatineau-Labochb, Pierre Marie S^bastii 
[ka-te-nS-M-rush], French iesicographi 
121. 



IV. 



Oa'tion, in chemistry, VIL 84, 1 c ; 597, 2 ab. 
Cat Inlamd: see San Salvador, XIV. 611, 2 a. 
CaHnolctts, Gallic chief, I. 383, I c (Sis). 
CatHn, or ament, XIIL 684, 2 o. Of the alder 

(ill.), I. 268, 3 a; beech, IL 459, 2 bo (ill., 

460); birch, IL 647, 1 a (ill.); chestnut, IV. 

390, 2 a (ill.); hazel, VIIL 564, 1 b (Ui.); 

hornbeam, 819, 1 b, 820, 1 a (ills.) ; larch, X. 

168, 2 e (ill.); oak, SIL 551, 1 e (ill., 552); 

pine, Xlir. 622, 2 o (ill.); poplar, 711, 1 c, 

712, 1 a (ills.); wiUow, XVL 645, 1 c (Ui.). 
CatUttsbwrg, county seat. III. 171, 2 a. 
Catlin, George, American artist, IV. 121, 
Oatmandoo : see Katmandu. 
Catmint; see Catnip. 
Cat moniey : see Flying Lemub. 
Catsip, herb, IV. 121 (ill., 122). 
Cato, Roman surname, IV. 132. Marcus Por- 

cius, Censorius, statesman and patriot, 1 c. 

His hatred of Carthage, 123, 1 be. His 

writings, X. 193, 1 b. His character, 1 c. 

His views on farming, I. 201, 1 ab. — Marcus 

Porcius, Uticensis, statesman, phUosopber, 

and general, IV, 128, 2 b. 



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CATOBLEPAS 

Catoll^M (zo51ogj), VIII, 56, 1 b. C. gnu, 
3 bo (ill.). 0, gorgon, or taurina, 2 o (ill.)- 

Calfodon (zoology), XVI. 581, 1 b (Whale). 

Catodon'tidce (zoBlogy), XVI. 581, 1 a. 

Catoo'sa, county, IV. 125. 

Gatoptrie method, in lighthoQseB, X. 455, 2 a. 

Oatoptries: aee Optics, XII. 664, 1 c. 

Oatoi'tomm (icMhyologj), XV. 436, 2 b (Stck- 
bb), 0. BoBtonienais, 2 c (ill.). 

Calo street coTtspiracy, referred to, I. 129, 1 a ; 
Vn. TIO, 1 be. 

OA'TEOtT, Jobn, American jurist, IV. 125. 

Cats, Jakob, Dutch stotesnian and poet, IV. 
125. 

Oat's Etb, variety of qnartz, IV. 126. 

CATasiix, village of New York, IV. 125. 

Caiskill Motistaihs, New York, IV. 125. 

GaUkill period, in geology, VI. 58, 1 c. 

Gat's-taU (timothy grass), XV. 757, 3 c. 

Catsup (sauee), origin of the name, XV. 203, 
1 a. Knshroom catsup, XII. 1 c. 

Cat-tail (bulmsh), XVI. 97, 1 a (ill.). 

Oattaeatt'otts, connty, IV. 126. 

Cattaeo [kSt'-ta-ro], town of Dalmatia, IV, 
127. Gulf of, 2 a. 

Oat'teoat, strait, IV. 127. 

Oattkemole, George, English artist^ IV. 137. 

GatteTtMU, "clove" or gorge of, IV. 136, 1 b. 
Oatterskill falls, 1 c (ill.). 

Catti, ancient German people, IV. 12T. 

Oatile, IV. 128. Wild cattle of the British 
isles, 3 a. Cattle of continental Europe, 
of England, 129, 1 c; of America, 3 c: 
the United States, 130, 1 c. Cattle discs 
131, 1 c. See Mpkbain. Illustrations; Al- 
derney bnll, 129; long-horned Brazilian 
130; sliort-horn Darham hull, ib.; Dolly 
Ayrshire cow, 131 ; Kerry ball, ib. 

Gattle plague, Eunsian, XII. 57, 1 be. 

Cattywab', peninsula of India, IV. 131. 
CatuVla, a Christian woman, her act of piety 
to the dead in the persecution by Aurelian, 
VI. 9, 2 a. 

CATULLrs, Caius Valerius, Roman poet, IV. 181. 

Oat'ijitts, Roman family, IV. 182. Caius Lu- 
tatius, consul and general, I b. Quintus Lu- 
tatius, ib. Quistus Lutatius, liis son, 2 a. 

Catttbzb, Jean [kS-tilrz], French martyr, IV. 

132. 
Catyeuchlana, Roman district in Britain, 11. 
449, 2 b. 

Cauca [kow'-ka], river of South America, IV. 

132. 
Catoa, state of Colombia, 17. 182. 



CAUSSIN 



173 



Cauoa'sia: see Caucasus, IV. 183, 1 a. 

Oattoasiam Rack : aee Etbbolo&y, VI. 753, 
3o; 754, 1 a, ff. 

CoMoa'iee, districts in Ireland, IX. 351, 1 e. 

Cau'cabos, region and mountain range of Eu- 
rope and Asia, IV. 133. Caucasia, 1 a. The 
mountains, 1 b. Climate and productions, 

2 a. Inhabitants, 3 c. History, 134, 1 a. 
OAroASTTB, Indian: aee Hindoo-Eoosh, VIII. 

737, 2 c. 

Cauohon, Joseph [ko-sho'"], Canadian states- 
man, IV. 134. 

Gavehon, Pierre, bishop of Beauvais, n. 433, 
1 b. See Joan op Aeo, IX. 643, 1 b. 

Caboht, Augustin Louis [ko-she], French 
mathematician, IV. 134. 

Caucus, in American politics, IV. 135. Cau- 
cus club of Boston, 1 a. Ori^n of the word, 

1 c (aee I. 107, 2 c). Nominating caucuses, 

3 a,; congressional and legislative, 2 b. 
Caveat club, a Boston political organization, I. 

107,2b; IV. 185, la. 

Caudate cells of the brain, III. 1 87, 1 be. 

Oaxtdkbeo [kode-bek], town of France, IV, 
136 (ill.). 

Gaudi'na Fa-u'ces : see Cacdine Fobks. 

Cau'dine Foees, mountain pasaea in ancient 
Samnium, IV. 136. Capture of a Roman 
army, 2 a. 

Caul, a membrane, IV. 136. 

Oaulaincoubt, Armand Augustin Louia de 
[ko-ia°'-koor], duke of Vicenza, French gen- 
eral and diplomatist, IV. 137. 

GauUae, Cui de: see Csattliao. 

Caulieb, Madeleine [ko-Iya], French peasant 
heroine, IV. 137. 

Cau'litlowbe, plant, IV. 187 (ili.). 

Oauloph/yl'lma thalietroi'dm (botany), V, 23, 1 a. 

Pawfe, Salomon de : see Oaus. 

Cahmokt, Aldrick Isidore Ferdinand [ko-mo"'], 
French jurist and author, IV. 138. 

Oauea [kow'-ral, river of Venezuela, IV. 138. 

Gaurains [kore-s&°'] ; aee Cahorgins (Index). 

Cabs, Salomon de [dfth ko], French engineer, 
IV. 138. His plan for raising water by 
steam, 1 h; XV. 339, 1 c. Isaac de, en- 
gineer and architect, IV. 138, 1 o. 

Cauiality : see Caueation (Indei). 

Gaiaatton, doctrine of: see Leibnitz, X. 334, 

2 ab-825, 1 c; Spinoza, XV. 273, 1 be; 
Hume, IX. 48, 3 b. See Philosopht, XIII. 
441,2 b, and 445, 2h; 441,1 b, c; 442, 1 a; 
443, 1 c ; 444, 1 o. 

Caussin db Pebcbval, Jean Jacques Antoine 



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174 



CAUSTIC 



[ko-sS°' dah pair-sSh-T&l], French orientalist, 

IV. 138. Armand Pierre, orientalist, 2 a. 
Cavgtk, line in optics, XII. 656, 2 a. 
CauttAeity of the ealtaeeout earths dUeonered, 

n. 674, 2 be. 
Catistios, in medicine, IV. 138. 
Ga/iatus, TscLiraliausen's, in geometry, VII. 

701, 2 c. 
CATjrBBKTS [ko-tra], watering place of France, 

IV. 138. 
OamUtmary towm. : see FtvsHiNO, VII. 292, 2 b. 
Caution mimey, in Cambridge university. III. 

644,2 b. 
Cautlkt, Sir Proby Thomas, English engmeer 

and palteontologist, IV. 138. 
Cautery, river: aee Oaveby. 
CATJVffT, Gillea Paul [ko-ya], French soulptor 

and architect, IV. 139. 
Cava [ka'-va], city of Italy, IV. 139. La Trini- 

tit di Cava, monastery, 1 b. 
Cataionao, Jean Baptiste [ki-va-nyak], French 

revolutionist, IV. 139. £l6onore Louis Gode- 

froy, jonmaliBt, 2 a. Louis EngJine, general 

and patriot, 2 ah. 
Oavaillon [M-v5-yo°'], town of France, IV. 

140. 
Oavaloan'ti, Guido, Italian philosopher and 

poet, IV. 140. 
CiVALiEE, Jean [ki-va-IyS], leader of the Ca- 

misarda in France, IV. 140 ; III. 6S7, 2 b. 
Cavaliebi, Bonaventnra [M-va-le-fi'-re], Ital- 
ian mathematician, IV. 140. 
Uavalieri, Emilia del, poet, XII. 89, 2 b (twice). 
Caval'li, Pietro Francesco, Italian composer, 

IV. 140. 



Caval'lo, Tiberio, English electrician, IV. 140. 

CaValet, IV. 141. Ancient, I b; Macedo- 
nian, 2 b; Oarthaginian, 142, 1 c; later Ro- 
man, 143, 2 a. Medieval, 2 b. Dragoons, 

144, 2 b. Dutch cavalry, 2 c; Swedish, &c., 

145, I a; Frederick the Great's, 2 a; Na- 
poleon's, 146, 1 a. In the United States 
civil war, 147, 1 a. Present organization 
and tactics, 148, 2 b. Cavalry in battle, 150, 

1 b ; acting against infantry, 152, 2 a. Gen- 
era! tactics of cavalry, 163, 1 a. 

Cav'as, county of Ireland, IV. 158. Town, 

2 b. 

Cave, Edward, English printer and bookseller, 

rV. 153. 
Cave, William, Eoglish scholar and divine, 

IV. 154. 



CAXIAS 

Ca'vbat, inlaw, IV. 154. In patent law, SIII. 
161, 1 c. 

CoDeat emptor, rule of, in law, VII. 444, 2 a; 
XVI, 458, 1 c. 

Catead [karvo], Parisian association, IV. 154. 
The Caveau modeme, 1 be. 

Cavedone, Jacopo or Giacomo [ka-va-do'-na], 
Italian painter, IV. 154. 

Cavbdoni, Celestino, Italian arohfeologist and 
numismatist, TV. 154, 

Cave dwelUn (Bohemian Brethren), II. 787, 1 a. 

Cave^fiahee: see Mehes, Mind (Indes). 

Cavkueb, Pierre Jnles [kS-vOi-lya], French 
sculptor, IV. 154. 

Cav'ebdish, Henry, English physicist, IV. 154. 
Experiments on gases, 361, 2 a, b, o; for de- 
termining the earth's density, VI. 357, 2 c, 
858, I b (the Cavendish experiment). 

Oavbndish, Sir Thomas, English adventurer, 
IV. 165. 

Gaicendish square, London, X. 596, 1 c. 

UcMie period (arohreology), I. 642, 2 b. 

Cat'eby, river of India, IV. 165. 

Caiie temples : see Caelee, Dambool, Ele- 
PHAHTA, and EXLOBA. 

Oavia (zoology), IV. 167, 3 a. 0. aperea, 

Vni. 313, 2 b. C. cobaya, 314, 1 a (ill.). 
Catiana [ka-ve-&'-na], island of Brazil, IV. 155. 
Caviaee [kav-e-air'J, food from flsh roes, IV. 

156. 
Caei'ina (zoology), IV. 156, 2 b. 
CavitS [kfi-ve-ta'], province of Luzon, IV. 155. 

Town, 2 a. 
Cavoxtb, Oamillo Benso, count [kA-voor'], 

Italian statesman, IV. 166. Treaty of Vil- 

lafranca, 156, 1 e. 
Ca'vum, m'diwm, in Eoman architecture, II. 

90, 1 a. 
Oavy, rodent mammal, IV. 156. Patagonian 

oavy, 157, 1 h (ill.). Rock cavy, 167, 2 bo 

(ill.). Spis's cavy, 3 o. Bolivian cavy, ii. 

SoQthem cavy, 168, 1 a. Fossil cavies, 1 ab. 

Restless cavy, VIII. 313, 3 b (GuiiraA Pio). 
Cawdoe, parish of Scotland, IV, 168. Cawdor 

castle and Maobetli, 1 b, and XII, 126, 1 c. 
Cawspoeb', district of British India, IV. 158. 

Town, 1 be. Siege and massacre of 1857, 

2 a-c. Memorial building, 2 c (ill.), 
Cdwsand Beacon kill, Dartmoor, V. 698, 2 a. 
Caxamaeoa [ka-'ha-mar'-ka] : see Cajamakca. 
Caxatambo [kS-'ha-ttoi'-bo] : see Oajatambo. 
Casias [ka-she'-as], town of Brazil, IV. 159. 
Casias, Luis Alves do Lima, duke de, Brazilian 

soldier and statesman, IV. 159. 



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CAXTON 

Oaxtom, William, first English printer, IV. 159. 

Catoos [kl'-kooe] : see Oaicob. 

Oatenne [lii-5ii'; Fr. kfi-jSn], city of French 

Guiana, IV. 159. Island, 2 c. Colony, Vn I. 

303, 1 c (Gtjiana). 
Catenhb Pbppeh: see Oapbiodm, III. 761, 1 &, 

2 a. Adulteration of, 2 he. 
Gates, Aqx : see Aux Cayks. 
Cat'la, ZoS Victoire da, couBtesa, favorite of 

Louis SVIII., IV. 160. 
Cayla breed ofilmp, IV. 160, 1 c 
Cayley, Arthar, English matheiaalician, IV. 

180. 
Catlby, Sir George, English philosopher, IV. 

160. 
Caylto [ta-lUs], town of France, IV. 160, 
Cayxus, Marthe Marguerite de Viilette de 

Mnroaj, marquise de, French woman of 

fashion, IV, 160. Anne Claude Philippe de 

Tuhiferes, count, archteolo^st, 2 c. 
Caylitx [ka-IOa], town: see Caylus. 
Caymab [kl'-man] : see Alligatok, 
Cayraan, lagoon of Mexico, XI. 187, 1 ah. 
Caymans, islands. West Indies, IV. 161. 
Caya {&eys) of Florida, VII. 380, 1 ah. 
Caybsa [ka-yu'-ga], county, IV. 161. 
Cayuga Lake, New York, IV. 161. 
Cayuoas, Indian tribe, IV. 161 ; IS. 412, 

1 bo, 413, 1 c. 
Cayx, Eemi Jean Baptiste Charles [ka], French 

historian, IV. 161. 
Casa [ti'-za], division of a vilayet, SVI. 354, 

2ab. 
Cazal: see Cabal. 
Cazaha db la SiERBA [kS-tha'-lja da M se- 

air'-ra], town of Spain, IV. 161. 
Cazem'bb, state of Africa, IV. 161. 
Cazeno'via, town of New York, IV. 161. 
Oazorla [kfi-tbore'-Ia], town of Spain, IT. 162. 
Cazotte, Jacques [kJ-zttt], French writer, IV. 

162. 
Cean-Bekmuiibz, Juan Augustin [tha-dn'-bair- 

moo'-(Aaith], Spanish archieologist, IV. 162. 
Cfeowi/ttia (botany), SII. S12, 1 a. C. Ameri- 

canuB, ib. (ill.). U. ovalis, 2 a. C. thyrsi- 

florus, ii. 
ObaeX [sa-a-rAI, province of Brazil, IV. 162. 
Ce'bbs, Greek philosopher, IV. 163. 
Oeb6 [aa-boo'), island, Philippines, IV. 163. 

Town, 1 b. 
C^but (zoology), XI. 761, 1 b. C. fatuellus, 

iS. 0. capucinus, 1 c (ill.). 
Okcco d'Asooli [chek'-ko dAs'-ko-le], Italian 

savant and martyr, IV, 163. 



CELESTIAL 



175 



C'eeidomy'ia (entomology), TI. 139, 1 be. C. 
destructor, ii. ; VIII. 70S, 3 a (ill.). C. sali- 
cia, VI. 12a, 1 be. C. tritici, iS. ; XVI. 588, 
3 (iU,, 589). 

Ce'cil, county, IV. 163. 

CKcaL, Eohert [ses'-sil or sis'-sil], earl of Salis- 
bury, English etateaman, IV. 163. Robert 
Arthur Talbot Gascoyne (Lord Robert Cecil), 
marquis of Salisbury, XIV. 565, 2 b. 

Cecil, William : see Bdhleioh, Lord. 

Cecilia, Saint, IV. 164. St. Cecilia's day, 3 b. 

Qe'crops, first king of Attica, IV. 164. 

Oedab, tree, IV. 164. Cedar of Lebanon, 165, 

1 a (ill.) ; conea of (ill.), 1 b. Cedar of Goa, 
165, 3 ab. Indian cedar, 2 b. Whitecedar, 

2 c; V. 614, 1 c; tree bo called, X. 401, 

3 ab. Red cedar, IV. 166, 1 a (ill., 165); 
IX 715, 3 c. Yellow cedar, I. 241, 2 a, 

Cedab, three counties, IV. 166. 

Ceda^ apple, excrescence, VII. 688, 1 a. 

Cedab Bibd, IV. 166 (ill.). 

CedM- Vreek, battle of, XVI. 655, 3 ab. 

Cedab MocNTAHj, and battle of, IV. 166. 

Obdab Speinqs, village of South Carolina, IV. 
166. 

Obdros, medicine, IV. 166 ; XIII. 338, 1 b. 

Cefald [cha-fa-lool, town of Sicily, IV. 167. 

CHHEjnH [thfi-a-'heen'], town of Spain, IV. 167. 

Ceiling of a ship, XIV. 863, 1 ab. 

Cbillibe, Dom RSmi [sa-lya], French theolo- 
gian, IV. 167. 

Geiram [sa-rftm'] : see Ceeam. 

Oblakovsky, Frantisek Ladislar [chel-a-kov'- 
ske], Bohemian poet and philologist, IV. 167. 

Cbl'andinb, plant, IV. 167 (ill.). 

Celano, Tkomag de [cha-l&'-no], reputed author 
of Dieg Irm, VII. 427, 1 a. 

Celtm'lTua (botany), XVI. 617, 2 c. C. soan- 
dens, Q), (ill). C. edulis, 783, 3 h. 

Celbbes [sel'-e-beez], island, Malay archipela- 
go, IV. 167. Description, 168, 1 a. Natural 
hiatory, 3 ab. Productions, 169, 1 a. Na^ 
tive inhabitants, 1 b. History, 3 a. 

Celeia [se-le'-ya], ancient town : see Cillt. 

Celbbbs [ael'-e-reez], a Roman body guard, 
IV. 169 i VL 699, 3 ab. 

Oele'riac, variety of celery, IV. 160, 3 c. 

Gel'ery, IV. 169 (Ul., 170). Celeriac, 2 c ; 
170, 1 ab. Wild celery, so-called, XVi. 
249, 2 b. 

OfeLESTB, Madame [sa-lest'}, Engiah dancer and 
actress, IV. 170. 

Cdestial ied, or bed of Apollo, so called, VIII. 
421, 3 0. 



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176 



CELESTIAL 



Celestial Iride (mosqne), Vn. 793, 3 be. 
Celestial noice, musical instrument, referr^ to, 

XII. 94, 3 b. 
Cel'estqje, name of five popes, IV. 170. I., 

Saint, 1 e. II., Guido di Oastello, 3 a. III., 

Giacinto Orsini, 3 b. ]V., Goffredo Oasti- 

glione, iS. V., Pietro Angelerier, 3 c. 
Celentim [sel'-es-tin], mineral, XV. 426, 1 b. 
Cekstinea (Celestina) ; see Fbanoiscahs, VII. 

425, 2 o. 
Cklestins : see Celestiice V. 
Cele'vs, mjtbical king of Eleusis, IV. 309, 2 b. 
Ckl'ibaoy, IV. ITl. In ancient Greece and 

Rome, 1 c ; of the oriental priesthood, 2 b ; 

of the clergy in the primitive Christian 

church, 2 bo; in the Latin church, 2 e; in 

the Greek church, 172, 1 a; ia the reformed 

ehnrchea, 1 ab. Abolished in England, VI. 

438, 1 c. 
Cdi'na, coanty seat, XI. 399, 1 b. 
Cell, IV. 173. Vegetable, 1 c; XIII. 573, 

3 b, fF. (iUs.). Animal, IV. 173, 3 ab. See 

PEOTOPj,AaM, XIV. 34, 1 a, 35, 3 a. 
Cella, in a Grecian temple, I. 654, 3 c. 
Gella calidaria, and eella /rigidaria, in an 

ancient bath, II. 383, 3 c (ill.). 
Oellamabb, Antonio Giadioe, prince of [chel- 

la-mS'-re], Spanish diplomatist, IV. 172, 
Cellabek, Roman functionary, IV. 178. 
CBLI.AEIU9, Chriatoph [tsel-ia'-re-oos], German 

scholar, IV. 178. 
Obilb [tsel'-ieh], town of Prussia, IV. 173. 
Cbhibt, Benvenuto [ehel-lg'-ne], Italian artist, 

IV. 178. His autobiography, 2 o. 
Celh m a leqf, X. 365, 1 a. 
Cellular germ, XIV. 34, I ab (Peotoplasm). 
Cbllclar Tissue (anatomy), IV. 174. 'White 

fibrous, 1 bo. Yellow fibrous, 1 c. Diseases 

of, 2 c. 
Cellular timte (botany), XHI. 578, 1 c (ill.). 

Of a leaf, X. 264,3 c. 
Cellulose, in plants, XIII. 573, 3 b ; 581, 1 b. 

In starch, XV. 318, 1 h. 
Cel'sius, Anders, Swedish astronomer, IV. 

175. Celsius thermometer, 1 e (see Csnti- 

OBADE Scale). Magnus, astronomer, 1 be. 

Olaf, theologian, ib. Nils, mathematician 

and naturalist, i5. Olaf de, historian, 1 o. 
Cblsdb, Greek philosopher, IV. 175. 
Oblsits, Aulas Cornelius, Roman author, IV. 

175. See Medicine, XI. 347, 1 c ; Sdebsby, 

XV. 486, 1 ab. 
Gel't<e: see Celts. 
Geltiieri; see Cbitiberians, and II. 367, 3 a. 



CENSOE 

Celtibe'riahs, ancient Spanish race, IV. I7S. 
Geltie Gothic dointer, Eilconnel abbey, I. 663 

(ill.). 

Celtici, ancient Spanish race, II. 367, 2 a. 

Celtic plain, so called, IV. 177, 1 ab. 

Celtic occidentalia (botany), VIII. 365, 2 b 

(ill.); VI. 551, 2 c. C. craesifolia, 553, 1 a. 

C. australis, VIll. 365, 3 c, 366, 1 be. 0. 

pallida, ib. 
Celts, Aryan race, IV. 176; Vlll. 06, 2 a. 

Migrations and conquests in western Europe, 

IV. 176, 1 b ; in Asia Minor, 2 b. Galli and 

GalattB, 3 c. 
Celts, Languages and Literature of the, IV. 

177; IX. 456, 2 a. Bas Breton, IV. 177, 

2 a. Velsh (Oymraeg), 178, 3 b; Cornish 
branch, I79, 2 b. Gaelic, 2 be. 

Cembalo [chem'-ba-lo], (bay of Balaklava), II. 
231, 2 b. 

Cementation, chemical process, IV. 180. 

Cement copper, V. S26, 1 b. 

Cem'ests, IV. 180. Different kinds of, 181, 
1 c. Building mortar, ib. Hydraulic cem- 
ents, 183, 1 bo ; kilns for preparing, 183, 

3 a ; setting and hardening, 3 c. Those used 
in Europe, 184, 1 h. Eoman cement (mod- 
em), ib. Portland cement, 2 a. Hydraulic 
lime of Saint-Leger, 18S, 1 a; of Teil, 2 ab. 
Tests of hardness and strength, 2 b. Mas- 
tics, 186, 1 e. Plaster of Paris, ib. Various 
other cements, ib. Cement for iron, II. C, 3 o. 

Cembtert, IV. 18T. Cemeteries around Con- 
stantinople, 3 b. Oampo Santo of Pisa, 
3 be; of Bologna, 3 c; of Genoa, &c., 188, 
1 a. P^re Lachaise, 1 b. Cemeteries in the 
tjnited States, 1 c. 

Cenacle [sa-nik'l], literary association of Paris, 
IX. 35, 1 c. 

Cesoi, Beatrice [ba-a-tre'-cha chea'-che], Ro- 
man girl, IV. 188. 

Genci, Giovanni (Pope John X.), IX. 647, 1 a. 

Cenkda [eha-nfi'-da], town of Italy, IV. 189. 

Cenis, Mont [Fr. mo" stth-n6], IV. 189. Mont 
Cenis railway, 2 ab (ill.). Mont Cenis tun- 
nel, 190, 1 a; XVL 84, 3 ab. 

Okn'obitb, IV. 190. 

Uenobit'ieal life, growth of in the early church, 
XI. 729, 1 b. 

Oetwma'ni, ancient town; see Mass, Le. 

Cenoso'ie (tertiary) period, in geology, Vil. 
697, 3 a. See table, 694. 

Cemmoic rocks, in geology, VII. 694, 1 a. 

Obnskk, vessel for incense, IV. 190. 

Cbksob, Eoman magistrate, IV. 190. 



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CENSORINUS 

Cbnsobi'ntis, LatiD grammarian and chronolo- 

pst, IV. 191. 
Censors, at Oxford nniyersity, XII. 765, 3 c. 

Cbnsoe3HIP of the Pkess, IV. 191. By the 
Eoman Catiiolic church, 2 he. In England, 
3 c. In France, 192, 1 ab. In otiier conti- 
nental states, 1 c. In the United States, 
3 he. 

CEjfSTTS, IV. 192. In Russia, 193, 1 a. In 
Prussia, 2 a. In the minor German states, 
3 c. In Austria, iS. In Sweden, 194, I h. 
In Denmark, 3 h. In Portugal, ii. In Italy, 
193, 1 h. In Greece, 1 c. In Turkey, ii. 
In France, 3 a. In Great B am In 

the United States, 196, 1 c n th el 
states, 199, 2 a. Internal al st t t al 
congresses, 3 c. Dr. Jarvis mpa t 
tahle, 300. 

Ckst, coin, IV. 301. Fraction andmltjls 
of, 1 0, ff. Origin of the name, IX. 593, 1 o. 

Cen'taur, constellation ; see CfiNXArErs. 

Oestahes, fahubug, IV. 301 (ill, 303); X. 
101, 2 0. Palfephatiis's explanation of the 
fable, IV. 203, 1 c. 

Centau'rus, fabulous, IV. 303, 1 a. 

Cbntaubus, constellation, IV. 203. 

Cen'tapcy (botany), IV. 202 (ill.). 

Okntigeadb Scale, IV. 203. Redaction to 
Fahrenheit's, 3 o, and XVI. 699, 3 be (iU.). 

Centime [sa""-te9in] : see Frako, VII. 365, 3 b. 

CBS'TiPEBe, articulated animal, IV. 303. Sco- 
lopendra morsitans, 203, 3 o (ill.)' 

OKNTtiTR?, Susanna [aent'-liv-er], English dra- 
matic writer, IV. 304. 

CEtfTO, a kind of poem, IV. 304. 

Centorbi [chen-tor'-be], town of Sicily, with 
ancient remains; see Genturipa ([ad.es.). 

Oentbal America, IV. Sft4. 

Central American pictv/re writing: see Hieeo- 
OLTPHics, VIII. 730, 3 c. 

CeitPral battery and armor ielt sr/stsm; see 
Ibon-olad SfflPH, IX. 886, 1 c. 

Cbntbai. City, town of Colorado, IV. 20a. 

Central Heat, theory of, IV. 306. 

Centralpark, New York, XII. 880, 3 a; XIIL 
105, 1 a (map), 106, 1 b. 

Cestbal PEOViNCEa, British India, IV. 205. 

Centran'thus (botany), XVI. 345, 2 c. 

Centrar'ehm (ichthyology), II. 367, 2 c. 0. 
hesaeanthus, 363, 3 o. C. afineus, 369, 1 ab 

(in.). 

Obstre, county, II. 206. 
Centre, county se.^t, IV. 377, 2 b. 
Centres, Fenian, VII. 125, 2 a. 
13 



OEPHISSUS 



177 



Gentretille, county seats, I. 593, 1 c; II. 608, 

1 a ; VIII. 715, 1 a ; XIV. 144, 1 c ; 538, 3 a. 
GentTetille, Va. : seeBnLL Run, UI. 429, 1 a, ff. 
Centre worJc, in taming, XVI. 73, 1 b. 
Centrifuffal /orce, from the earth's rotation, 

an objectionable expression, VIII. 176, 1 e. 

In meohauics, XI. 323, 1 o (ills.). 
Oentriscjis (ichthyology), II. 508, 2 a. 0. soolo- 

pas, 2 ab. See XIII. 637, 1 a. 
Centroeereua -urophmianws (ichthyology), VIII. 

271, 1 ab 0"-)- 
CentropistU nigricans (icbthyology), II. 368, 1 a. 
Centrum ovale mt^us, section of the brain, III, 

191, 2 b. 
Centu'ripa, ancient town (now Centorbi), I. 

190, 1 a. 
OentuUut, fendal prince of Bfiarn, II. 433, 1 o. 
Ge'orl [A. 3, ko-url', whence churl~\ : sec Sbkf, 

XIV. 775, 2 b. 
Ceos : see Zea. 
Gephailis ipecaouan'ka [aef-aro'-lis], (botany), 

IX. 342, 1 (m,). 
CepTialas'dis, ancient town : see Okfalu. 
Cephalas'pids, family of fossil fish, VII. 615, 2 a. 
Oepka^is, fossil fish, VII. 616, 1 b (ill.). 
Cephaliiation : see PnitosopHicAL Anatomy, 

XIII. 428, 2 b. 
C^kaXUfnia: see Cephalonia. 
Obphalonia, Ionian island, IV. 206. 
Cephahph'ora, class of mollasks, XI. 723, 1 ah. 

Eyes of, VII. 48, 1 c. 
Cephalop'oda, moUuaks, IV. 306. Argonant 

without the shell (ill.), 307, 1 a ; within the 

shell (ill.), 1 c. Hectocotyli, ib. Acetabala, 

3 a. Dibranchiat* and tetrabrancbiate c6- 

plialopods, divisions of, 3 b. Eossil species, 

2 be. See 11. 484, 2 b; XL 723, 1 ab, 723, 
1 a. Eyes of, VH. 48, 1 bo. 

C^hal'opodfi : see CBPnAtoponA (Index). 
Cqihalop'fera (ichthyology), VI. 55, I b. C. 

vampyms, 2 a (ill.). Other species, Hi. 
Cephahp'terus (ornithology), XVI. 109, 2 a. 

0. omatus, 2 h (ill.). 
Cephalo'tse (zoSlogy) : see Bat, II. S76, 3 c 
C^italotho'rax, of crabs, lobsters, &c., V. 448, 

3ab; X. 561, lb. 
CephaWtui follieula'Tis (botany), SIII. 549, 

1 c (ill.). 
Ceph'alus, mythical, IV. 308. 
Ge'pliiM, XIII. 351, 3 c (Petbe). 
Gepheut [se'-fuce], mythical Ethiopian king, I. 

487, 1 a (A-IDEOMEDA). 

CEPHis'strs, river of Greece, IV. 308; IL 94, 



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178 OEPHEES 

Ceph'rerh, king of Egjpt, IV. S74, 3 b. Pyra- 
mid of, XIY. 106, 3 be (Shafra's). 

C^qU (icbtliyology), XIV. 306, 3 c. 0. rubes- 
cens, ih. 

Cffm, wai, XVI. 516, 1 c. 

Cbkaochi, Giuseppe [chtUrSk'-ke], Italian sculp- 
tor, IV. 208. 

Cbeam', one of the Molucca islands, IV. 208. 

Ceramia'eece: see Ajmm, I, 299, 2 ab. 

Oemm'ie art, XUI. 778, 1 a, 3 a. 

Oeram'ieva, suburb of Athens, I. 49, 3 b. In- 
ner (site), n. 59, 2 c; outer, ib. 

Cermine [sSr'-a-sin], gum, VIII. 331, 1 c. 

Geraa'tea Sa»selqui»'tii, asp or homed viper, II. 
18, le; XVI. 368, 1 c, Sab. C. 



Oer'atiu vulffa'ris (botany), IV. S80, 1 bo (ill-)- 

0. Yirginiana, 3 ab (ill.). 
Ceratocata'pada (entomology), XI. 869, 3 a. 
Oeratocampa regalia (entomology), XI. 869, 2 a. 
C'eratomia qvoAHcorrm (entomology), larva of, 

VIII. 533, 1 c 
Cerat'ophrys (aoOlogy), VIII. 832, 2 b. C. cor- 

nuta (ill.), 3 a. 
CERiu'Biiu MoTJBTAiNs, flncicnt name of two 

ranges, IV, 208, Ceraunii, 209, 1 a. 
Cbe'bbscs, mythical monster, IV. 209 (ill.) ; 

Vin. 680, 1 a. 
CerberiM, iron-clad war ship, IX, 886, 2 c (ill.). 
Cerca'rim (entozoa), VI. 667, 3 ab. 
Cereia (botany), IX. 699, 3 c. 0. Canadensis, 

700, 1 a (ill.). Other species, 1 o. 
Cereoee'iua (zoology), XI. T53, 1 b. 0. cynosn- 

ms, ih. 0. sabwus, ib. C. fuligiaosns, 1 be. 
Cercola'bea (zoOiogy), XIII. rifl, 2 be. C. pre- 

hensilis, 717, 1 b (ill.). 
CercolaU'na (zoology), XIII. 715, 2 c. 
Cerailep'Ua (zoology), XIII. 793, 2 ab. C. cau- 

diyolvolns, 3 o (ill.). 
Cer'copia (entomology), VIII. 630, 1 b. 
Cereopithe'cm (zoOlogy), XI. 753, 2 c. C. mo- 

na, ib. C. THanm, 753, 1 a (ill.). 
Cerdo, founder of the Cordonians, IV. 309, 1 c. 
Cebuonians, ancient heretics, IV. 209. 
Cfisfi, Jean Nicolas [sa-ra], French botanist, 

IV. 309. Cerea, 3 a. 
Cbkea-'ha, Eoman festival, IV. 209. 
Cerealine [se-ro-a'-lin], in bran, III. 208, 2 a. 
Ce'reab, time to cut for food, I. 199, 3 b. 
Oerebel'lum, III. 186, 1 b ; 190, 1 a ; XII. 335, 

1 b (ill., 234). Of birds, reptiles, and fishes, 

3o. 
Cer'ehral hemwpkerei, III. 191, 2 a (ill.) ; Sn. 

235, 1 b. 



Cerebral meningi'tia, brain disease, III. 200, 1 c. 

Cerebric acid, III. 186, 2 b. 

Oereiri'tia, inflammation of tlie brain, III. 202, 

la. 
Cerebro-apinal aaia, SII. 334, 3 b. 
Cerebrospinal Jiuid, III. 188, 1 c. 
Obhbbbo-spinal Mbkingitis : see Spiifit Dis- 

BASES, XV. 369, 1 a, and VII. 168, 2 e. 
Cbees [s5'-reez], Greek and Roman goddess, 

IV. 209 (ill., 310). Her fabled birthplace, 

90, 1 be. 
Geres, asteroid, II. 38, 2 b. 
CB'BBua (botany), IV. 210. C. giganteus, 2 a 

(ill.). Sight-blooming (cactus grandijh- 

Tua) : see Cactus, III. 534, 1 a (ill., 538). 
Okkiobola [clia-re-nyo'-la], town of Italy, IV. 

210. 
Ceeigo [ehSr'-e-go], Ionian island, IV. 211, 

Cerigotto, 1 b. 
Cerine [se'-rin], (cerotie acid), XVI. 515, 2 ft. 
Cerinthiima, sect ; see Cgeiktiics. 
Obrin'thds, Gnostic leader, IV. 211, Corin- 
thians, 3 a ; their doctrine respecting the 

parentage of Christ, XI. 217, 2 c. 
Cerior'nis (ornithology), XV. 888, 1 be. C, 

satyra, 1 c (ill.). 
Gifrite, mineral, IV. 211, 3 b. 
Ckbito, Francesca (Panny), [cha-re'-to], Italian 

dancer, IV. 211. 
Ce'bium, metal, IV. 211. Preparation of, 3 b. 

Discovery of, II. 588, 3 e. 
Oe'rodon (zoology), IV. 157, 2 ab. 0. rupes- 

tris, 2 be (ill.). C. flavidens, 2 e. ,0. Spisii, 

i6. 0. BoJiviensis, iS. C, australis, 158, 1 a, 
Ceroleim [ae-ro'-lo-in] : seo Was, XVI, 515, S a. 
Gerorhiita raonocerata (ornithology), Vlil. 810, 

Ic. 
Cerotie aeii; aae Wax, XVI. 515, 2 a. 
Cebbeio [chair-ra'-to], town of Italy, IV. 311. 
Cer'bo Gob'do, mountain pass, Mexico, and 

battle of, IV. 212. 
Obeeo Goedo, county, IV. 212. 
Gerro de PotoA: see PoTOsf. 
Certaldo [chair-tal'-do], town of Italy, IV. 213. 
Gerthia (ornithology), V. 473, 1 a. C. famili- 

aris or 0. Americana, ib. (ill.). 
Cbetioraei [sur-sho-ra'-rej, writ, IV. 212. 
Gerii'men, yisa.j secretion of the ear, XV. 79, 

3ab. 
C^rimite, carbonate of lead, X. 250, 1 a. 
Obrittti, Joseph Antoine Joachim [cba-roof- 

te], French author, IV. 212. 
Cbevan'tes Saavb'dea, Miguel de [8p. thMr- 

v^n'-tace sa-i-va'-iAra], Spanish author, IV. 



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OEKVIA 

213; XT. 221, 2 a. See Ateixaneda. 

Statue of, at Madrid, X. 834, 1 be. 
Cbsvia [chair'-ve-a], town of Italy, IV. 214. 
Cer'vieal plexus: see Nebte, XII. 232, 2 a. 
Cemidce (zoOlogy), V. 756, 1 o. 
Cbrvin, Mont [mC aair-vfi"'] r see Matteihiorn. 
Certole: see Ceevollk, 
Oestolle, Amaud de [dtLh sair-viU], French 

freebooter, IV. 214. 
Cer'nvlug (zoology), XII. 47, 1 a. C, vaginalis, 

47, 1 b (ill.). Other species, 2 a. 
CeroM (zoology), correct English names of tbe 

male and female of. III. 38S, 1 c (Buck). C. 

camelopardalis, VII. 819, 2 bo Q.U., 820). 0. 

Canadensis, XVI. 440, S a (ill.) ; III. 385, 

1 be ; VI. 541, 1 a. 0. elaphua, XV. 301, 

2 c (ill., 302). C. gigantens, VI. 541, 1 a- 
Cery'h (ornithology), IX. 839, 1 b, 2 c. 0. 

aloyon, 2 c (ill.). 
Ce^alpino, Aitdreo, [cha-z41-pe'-no] : see OjEBAi,- 



Oesark, Giuseppe, cavaliere di [de cha'-za-ra], 
Italian historian, IV. 214. 

Oesaei, Antonio, Italian author, IV. 214. 

Cesaei, Giuseppe, Italian painter, IV. 214. 

Cesarini, CardinalJ'ulian[ch&-z&-Ta' -Tiaj, papal 
legato at the council of Basel, It. 358, 1 o. 

CESAEOrri, Melchiore [oha-za-rot'-te], Italian 
poet, IV. 215. 

Cbsbha [cha-za'-na], city of Italy, IV. 315. 

Cesnola, Lnigi Palma di, count [de ches'-no-la], 
American soldier and explorer, IV. 215. Ilis 
discoveries in Oyprus, 2 a. Colossus of Gol- 
gos, 316, 1 b (ill.). Discovery of the temple 
of Venua at Golgos, 217, 1 a. OoUeotion of 
Cypriote glass in the New York metropol- 
itan mnseum, VIII. 7, 2 c (ills., 8). 

Cbspbdes, Carlos Manuel de [ses'-pa-dace], 
president of Cuba, IV. 317. (Died 1874.) 

Cespebes, Pablo de, Spanish artist and author, 
IV. 217. 

Cesloi'dea (entozoa), VI. 663, 2 c; I. 61, 1 be. 

Cestoid worms : see Cestoidea (hidex). 

Oestra'ei/m (Ichthyology), XIV. 829, 3 ab. 0. 
PhiUipsii, 2 b. 

Oeaf/raeion'tid(e (ichthyology), XIV. 829, 2 a. 

Oestum rii, ancient bosers, IV. 217, 2 c. 

CBSTtra, girdle, IV. 217. See Venus, XVX. 
302, 2 (. 

Cestui, m ancient pngilism, XIV. 78, 1 ab. 

CeatKs rert'ena, jelly fish, XVI. 305, I c (ill.). 

Cestuy que trust: see Tbiists, XVI. 17, 2 c. 

Ce»tfiy que M»e, II. 810, 2 b. See TJsbs. 

Cittmeani, herbivorous, XY. 68, 2 a. 



OHACHAPOYAS 179 

Cethe'g^M, Roman conspirator, IV. 130, 2 b. 

OEriGBE: see Cettignb. 

Oetine [se'-tin], pnre spermaceti, XV. 261, 2 a. 

Oetra, ancient target or shield, XIV. 853, 
3 b. 

Cetra'ria Itlan'dica, Iceland moss, IX. 156, 3 b 
(ill., 157); X. 410, 3 c. Referred to, I. 299, 
2 be. 

CsiTB [set], seaport of France, IV. 217. 

Cbttioite [set-te'-nya], capital of Montenegro, 
IV. 318. 

Ok'tus, constellation, IV. 218. 

Cel/yl'ic aeid, from spermaceti, XV. 261, 2 he. 

Oetylie alcohol, from spermaceti, XV. 361, 3 b. 

Cbu'ta [Sp. tha'-oo-ta], Spanish town and for- 
tress in Morocco, IV. 218. 

CtvBHiTEs [sa-Tfin], mountdn range of France, 
IV. 218. Former province, 319, 1 a. Insur- 
rection in the r see Oamisahds. 

Ginenois [saiv-nnl], a name of the Oamiaards, 
in. 657, 2 a. 

CfiTiflH [se-lon'J, island, Indian ocean, IV. 319. 
Shores, 1 ab. Mountains, 3 a (ill., Adam's 
Peak). Hydrography, 2 b. Minerals, &c., 
330, 1 a. Climate, i b. Fauna, 1 e. Vege- 
table productions, 2 a. People, 2 c (il!., 221). 
Government, 231, 1 c. Rosources, 3 a. His- 
tory, 2 c. See OiNaALKSB Languaoe. 

Cey'lmiite, mineral, XV. 271, 2 b. 

Cbzimbea [sa-zee'*'-bra], seaport of Portugal, 
IV. 332. 

CnABAs, Frangois Joseph [sh3-bfi], French 
archffiologist, IV. 222. 

Chabbgt, Joseph Bernard, marquis de [sha- 
b^r], French navigator and astronomer, IV. 

Ohablais [sha-bla], aformer division of Savoy, 

IV. 332. 
Chablis [sbfi-ble] : see Feasoe, Wines of, VII. 

413, 2 a. 
Ohaboras [ka-bo'-ras], river of Mesopotamia, 

VII. 49, 1 ab ; XI. 415, 3 c. 
Chabot, Frangois [sha-bo], French revolution- 

Chabot, Philippe do, French general, JV. 323. 
Chabrias [kab'-re-as], Athenian general, IV. 

Chabrillan, Cfileate VSnard, countess de [dtth 
shS-bre-yS"'], French author, IV. 223. 

Chabeol de Crouzol, Andre Jean, connt [sh5- 
brill dtth kroo-ziil], French s 



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180 



CHAOO 



Ch4C0, El Gran [ail gran chS'-ko], region of 
South America, IV. 223. 

Chtsrea, C'aMwi [ke'-re-a], chief ossaasin of 
Oahgula, III. 616, 2 ah. 

Ch«bonb'a, townof Ba;otia,IV. 224. "Victory 
of Philip of Macedon at, 1 c ; VIII. 198, 2 c. 
Victory of Snlla at, IV. S24, 1 o. 

Oile'todos (ichthyology), IV. 32i. 0. ros- 
tratus, 2 h (ill.)- 

Chteto'mwm, mildew, XI. B85, 2 a. 

OktBta'ra (ornithology), 5V. 520, I h. 

CHAFrrNon, hird, IV. 234 (ill., 225). 

CHi&EEa [eha'-gress], river of Colombia, IV. 
236. 

Chaores, seaport of Oolomhia, IV. 225, 

Chain Snakb, IV. 325 (ill.). 

CAain ioal^, in a ship, XIV. 865, 1 b. 

Chaia work, in stockings, XV. 3'JI, 1 h. 

Chair, in nulroad building, XIV. 180, 2 h. 

Chaix d'Est Asgb, Gnatave Louis Adolphe 
Victor Charles [shs dest i''zh], French ad- 
vocate, IV. 230. (Died 1876.) 

GhalaU, Oimnt de [ahfi-la], beheaded by Eicho- 
lieu. XIV. 317, 1 0. 

GTialam [kal'-a-ze], membraues in egg.^ VI. 
450, 2 be. 

Chalobdon [kal'-se-don], ancient town of Asia 
Minor, IV. 226. Fourth cecamenical coun- 
cil at, 2 a. 

Chalobdoht [kal-sed'-o-ne], variety of quartz, 
IV. 226. 

CHALOHinuiTL [chsl-che-weet'l'], stone, IV. 227. 

CsAtcm'iAira [kal-], lizards, IV. 227. Brazen 
lizard (ill.), 2 a, 

Chaleidians, insects, IX. 168, 3 b. 

Ohaioidicb [kal-sid'-e-se], peninsola, IV. 227. 

Ohalcidius, Platonic philosopher, IV. 227. 

Ohalcib, town of Euhcea, Greece, IV. 337. 

Chakis flaveseem (zoology), (ill.), IV. 227, 2 a. 

Ghahog'rwphy : see Esgeating, VI. 650, 2 a. 

Cbalcondtles [kal-kon'-de-Ieez], or Chalco- 
eondyles, Laonicns or Nicolaus, Byzantine 
historian, IV. 328. Demetrius, scholar, 1 o. 

Chaldea [kfll-de'-a], ancient country of Asia, 
IV. 228. Gesenius's scheme of Chaldean 
history, 223, 2 a. Results of recent re- 
searches, 230, 1 h. 

Chaldean era of JfaboTMiasar, referred to, IV. 
339, 1 a. 

Chaldeans, race, IV, 238, 2 a. Priest caste, 329, 
1 h. Their improvements in astronomy. 



Chaldean), sect; 
2 &, 0. 



! Nkstoeianb, XII. ! 



CHAM^EOPS 

CnALDEE Labopage, IV. 230. Use in later 

JewHb literature, Vill. 595, 1 a. See I. 

esi, 3 h 
CkaUstoon, a palace in Ghazepoor, VII. 790, 

Ic 
CHAI.ECES, Bay of [sha-ltLr'], Canada, IV. 331. 
Chauok [ohal' iss], eucharistic vessel, IV. 231. 
CnAtK [ehawk], earthy mineral, IV. 231. Its 

geological relations, 2 b; V. 477, 2 a; VII. 

6M7, S a , VIII. 34, 2 c. Uses of, IV. 332, 

1 b; in medicine, ib. French chalk, 1 c. 

Black chalk, ii. Eed chalk, ib. 
" Chalk,'" in lithography, X. 526, 3 ab. 
GhaU as a ferment, VII. 143, 2 c ; 146, 3 a. 
Cmalklet, Thomas, English Quaker preacher, 

IV. 232. 

CnALLENGB, IV. 282. 

Chal'losei!, Richard, English bishop and his- 
torian, IV. 233. 

Chai-'mbrs, Alexander [Scot, chaw'-merz], Brit- 
ish author, IV. 233. 

CnALMEEB, George, British historian, IV. 383. 

Chalmbhs, Thomas, Scottish clergyman and 
author, IV. 233. Great spiritual change, 
234, 1 b. Canning's judgment of him as a 
preacher, 2 a. Leader in the evangelical 
party, and its secession from the established 
church, 235, 1 a. Evil of over population, 
SIII. 670, 1 c. 

C'hdlonnaia [shA-lun-na], former county of 
Burgundy, IV. 236, 1 a. 

CnALON-HKE-SAfiNE [sh&-lo°'-shr-sone], city of 
France, IV. 235. 

ChIlons-sur-Maenh [sh&-]6°'-sur-marn], town 
of France, IV. 236. Church of Notre Dame, 

1 b (il).). Battle of Chalons, 1 c, and 1. 
155, 2 b. Camp of, IV. 336, 2 h. Council 
against aimoniacs, VIII. 800, 3 bo. 

Chalotais, La, Loaia Een6 de Caradeuc de 

pa sha-lo-ta], French atatesman and author, 

IV. 236. 
CHAtTBATis, Heinrich Morita [k&-lo-ha'-oos], 

German philosopher, IV. 337. 
Chalybbatb [ka-lib'-e-ate], IV. 287. 
CKalylteate tread, X. 88, 1 c. 
Chalybeate springs, IV. 337, 3 a; XI. 693, 1 c. 
Ckam [kam], pseudonyme of AmM6e No^ 

French caricaturist, IV. 287. 
Chama [ks'-ma], genus of bivalves, IV. 237- 
ChmuEdo'rea (botany), XIII. 18, 1 a. 
Chamm'lec (zoology), IV. 243, 3 h. C. vulgaris, 

2 c (iU., 248). 

ChamoTOpi [ka-rae'-rops], (botany), XIII. 21, 
lab. C- humilis, iS. C. excelsa, «. Cdl->20); 



,y Google 



CHAMBERLAIN 

fl w f 1 1 ab { 1! 1 C liystris, 2T, 

1 b 
Ch mbbb &iif t fli IV 337. Lord 

li mb 1 n 23a 1 Man p 1 chamber- 

1 n lb 
Cn MBBH \B Elwari En I h a thor, IV. 

38 J h a b 1 
Oh MBEfi tw nt I\ 38 

Ok b rb Eph ti E (,1 b j I piedist, IV. 

2 
On MBBKS & s Engl b art t I\ 238. 
Ch mbeb b W 11 am E glisli h teot, IV. 

39 
Cbambbbs W 11 am and E b ttisb au- 

Bandpnbl h r<s IV 233 



CHAMPOLLION 



181 



f P 



I, IV. 



Ch 5 

240. 
Ohambekhs [a}ia"'-bair-tS°'], Trenob vineyard, 

IV. 240. Wino of, V!I. 413, 1 a. 
CnAMB^nT [Blia°'-ba-rej, town of Savoy, IV. 

240 (view). 
Chamblt [sha^'-blc], connty of Oaiiada, IV. 241 . 
Okcmbly, county seat, IV. 241, 2 a. 
Chambokd [9bJl°'-bor], village of France, IV. 

241. Castle of, 2 b (iU.). 
CnAMBOHD, Henri Cbarles Ferdinand Marie 

Dieudoiin6, count de, duke of Bordeaux, IV. 

241. Origin of Ms title, 2 c. Marie Th6r6se 

Beatrice Gaiitane, countess de, 242, 1 b. 



French soldier and author, IV. 242. 

CnAMBBE AjiDErCTE [ah4°'-hraT-dfi°'t], special 
court of law in France, IV. 242. 

CnAMBiTRE, Anguste Lepelletier de [sba°'-bar], 
French soldier, IV. 342. 

CnAMBLEOH [ka-me'-Ie-on], reptile, IV. 242 
(ill., 243). 

GhameUom of the sea, XV. 207, 2 b. 

Chamfoet, Sfibastien Roch Nicolas [ahS°'-for], 
Erenoh author, IV. 243. 

Chamfront, in armor, I. 733, 2 c. 

Chamisso, Adalbert von [aha-mis'-so], German 
poet and naturalist, IV. 344. On the salpic, 
XI. 724, 2 c (MoLtuscoiDs). 

Chamois [sbam'-me; Fr. aha-mwA], Alpine an- 
telope, IV. 244 (ill.). See I. 546, 1 a. Cha- 
mois (shammy) leather, IV. 244, 2 c. 

Chamouilb [kara'-o-mile], plant, IV. 245 (ill.). 
Chamomile tea, 1 ab. Slinking chamomile: 
see Mayweed. 

Chaaumix [aba-mo-nS] : see Chamocni. 

Chamobbo, Frnto [chft niore'-ro], Central 

American statesraan, IV. 345. 
CTiamoUe [sha-mof] : see Zinc, SVI. 832, 2 b. 



CHAMOTJNr [shS-moo-ne], Alpine valley, IV. 

245. Village, 246, 1 be (ill., 345). 
Ghamouny : see Chamodhi. 
Champa [chim'-pa], lignitic fuel, I. 464, 1 a. 
OnAUPAGNB [8ba™-pSny'], former province of 

France, IV. 246. Wines of, VII. 418, 2 a, ft: 
OiiAMPAONE, Philippe de, French painter, IV. 

240. 
Champagne laths, XI. 697, 3 a. 
Chahpasny, Jean Baptiato NompSre, count de 

[dCh sha'''-pa-nye], duke de Cadore, French 

statesman, IV. 246. Leuia Alis Nompdre 

de, duke de Oadore, 2 c. Franpois Joseph 

Marie Th^rese, count de, anthor, 347, 1 a. 

Napoleon Marie de NompSre, count de, agri- 
culturist, ii. JSr6nie Paul de NompSre, 

legislator, 1 ab. 
Champ aion [sham-piun'], two counties, IV. 247. 
Ohampaigne, Philippe de : see CnAMPAotfB. 
Champ de Mai [sh^"' d&h ma], IV. 247, 2 ab, 

c ; 291, I a. 
Champ db Mabs [slia°' dtih marce], Frankish 

assemblage, IV. 347. Public square of Paris, 

3 b; Xin. 81, 2 b. 
Champdi'Den, Odette de [8h^°'-de-Y«r], mistress 

of Charles VI., IV. 286, 1 c. 
Champs, John [champ], American soldier and 

spy, IV. 247. 
Champeaitx, William de: see Wihiam or 

Champeattx. 
Cham'peett, in law, IV. 248. How different 

from maintenance, 1 b. 
Champflbury [aha°'-flilh-re], (Jules Floury), 

French author, IV. 348. 
Champfort : see Chamfort. 
Chmnpignon [sLS°'-p6-ny6'''], mushroom, XII. 

72, 1 a. Fairy ring champignon, ib. (ill.), 
Cham'pioit, IV. 248. Judicial champion, 2 c. 

Championship of England, 249, 1 a. 
Champion HilU, battle of. XVI. 179, 1 e. 
Champlaik [sham-plain'; Fr. shS'^-pla''], connty 

of Canada, IV. 249. 
Champlain, township of New York, IV. 349. 
Ohampiais, Lake, IV. 349. Naval battle of, 2 b. 
CnAMPLAiN, Samnel de, French navigator, IV. 

350; IX. 79, 1 e. 
ChampIMn eUy, VI. 112, 1 c. 
GhamphinfoTge, II. 742, 2 h. 
Ohamplih, Charles Josuah : see Chaplin (In- 



.fi, Mario Desmares [shf^'-ma-la], 

French actress, IV. 252. Charles Ohevillet 

(OhampmeslS), playwright and comedian, 1 c. 

Champollion-Figeac, Jacques Joseph [shd"'- 



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OHAMPOLLION 



CHAPEL 



pul-yO^-fe-zhak], French arcliEeologist, IV. 
253. AimS Ohampollion, author, 2 b. 

Champollios lb JEuifB, Jean Franjoia piih 
zhiin], Egyptologist, IV. 253. See Ebypt, 
Language and Literature of, VI. 476, I a, ff. 

Champneix, Leonie [ah&'*-sa] : see Lfeo, Aiidr6. 

Champa My»ie9 [ahS" za-le-za], puhlio gronndB 
of Paris, XHI. 80, 3 b. 

Ohance, Jamm, his patent plate glass, VIXI. 18, 
3 ab. Chance and co.'s diafcs of flint and 
crown glass, 21, 1 a. 

Ceasokl, division, in a church, IV. 353. 

Chanoklloe, law officer, IV. 253. Derivation 
of the title, 2 e. In Eoinan courts, i6, Fnnc- 
tion of the chancellor of Great Britain, i6. ; 
ofBcial rank and prerogatives, 354, 1 ab, c; 
legal style of, 1 c ; tenure of ofiioo, V. 439, 
2 b. Ohanoellor of the eschequer, IV. 2S4, 
2 ab ; of Oxford, 2 b ; of a bishop, ih. Chan- 
cellors in continental Europe, ih. ; in the 
United States, 3 c. 

Ohanoellobsvtllb, Battle of, IV. 354. Forces 
engaged, 255, 1 a. Hooker'a disposition of 
his forces, lb; advantage of the position 
gained, 1 o. Fatal oversight and mismanage- 
ment, 3 b. Vicissitudes of the three days' 
conflicts, 356, 1 a, f£. Ketreat of the Union 
army, 357', 2 be. Analysis of the reports of 
tlie battle, 3 c. 

CnANOEBT, IV. 258. Proceedings in eqnity, 
259, 1 bo. In the United States, 3 b. New 
York conrt of, IX. 796, 3 ab. 

CTiancery, in pugilism, XIV. 76, 2 c. 

Ghamd : see Ohund. 

Chandairi [ohan-di'-re] : see Ohendaebk. 

Ghandelier Vree, SIII. 36, 3 c. 

Chandebnaqobb', Frencli colony in India, IV. 
859. 

Chandlbb, Richard, English arciiJBologist, IV. 
359. 

Chandler, Samuel, English theologian, IV. 260. 

Chabdiee, Thomas Bradbury, American cler- 
gyman, IV. 260. 

Chandler, Col. : see Andebsonville, 1. 475, 1 a. 

Chandler grass, V. 420, 3 b. 

CHANDoa, Sir John, English soldier, IV. 360. 

Chandragupta [ehan-dra-goop'-ta], king of 
Maghada, IX. 207, 1 be. 

(7A(Wi(7<iniBi3,Siamese twins, XI 765, 3c (ill.). 

Changabsieb, Nicolas Anne Th6odule [shfl'*- 
gar-nya], general, IV. 261. pied 1877.) 

CBAH&-OHOo-roo', city of China, IV. 361. 

OHASO-onow', city of China, IV. 3G1. 

Changelings : see Fairies, VII. 64, 1 b. 



Change ef life, in women, I. 181, 1 b. 

ChangHahav. [chang-ke-a-kow'] : see Kalgait, 

Channa cha/ria/ria [kan'-na ka-va'-re-a], (orni- 
thology), XIV. 712, 1 a. 

Channel Islands, IV. 361. Alderney breed 
of cattle, 2 c. 

OHANsise, Edward Tyrrel, American scholar, 
IV. 362. 

CnASNiNo, Walter, American physician, IV. 
363. (Died 1876.) 

OnANNiNO, William Ellery, American clergy- 
man and author, IV. 263. Eeligious views, 
363, 1 0. On social reforms, 3 c. Opposi- 
tion to slavery, 364, 1 a. 

Chansing, William Ellery, American author, 
IV. 264. 

Channino, William Henry, American clergy- 
man and author, IV. 364, 

Chansons de gente [sha"'-aO°' dilh zhest], poems 
of the trouveres, VII. 403, 2 3. 

Chant, IV. 265. 

Gharir-ta-ion : see Chantibdn, 

CsAaTAL, Jeanne Franjoise Fr^miot, baroness 
de [shfl'"-tU], saint, IV. 265. 

Chanta/felle [shfi"'-ta-r6]], mushroom, XII. 72, 

1 c (ill.). 

Chant du depart [sh^"* dQ da-par], anthor of, 

IV. 874, 1 b. 
Chantibcn [shan-te-bun"], town of Cambodia, 

IV. 365. 
Chantillt [8ha"-te-ye], town of France, IV. 

365. Dome of stables, 2 a (ill.). 
Chantilhj, Va. [shan-ti!'-le], military encounter 

near. III. 431, 3 be. 
Chantilly, Mile, de, assumed name, VII. 97, 

2 c (Fayart). 

CnASTEEY, Sir Francis, English sculptor, IV, 

385. 
Chanut [sha-nO], French ambassador, portrai- 
ture of Queen Christina of Sweden by, IV. 

547, 3 b. 
Chanzt, Antoine Eugene Alfred [s!iS°'-zej, 

French soldier, IV. 366. 
Chaos [ka'-os], in classical mythology, IV. 266 ; 

SII. 711, 1 a. In natural history, IV. 3B6, 

2ab. 
Ghapadjis [shA-pA'-das], narrow plateaus in 

Brazil, IIL 318, 2 ab. 
Chapaia [cha-p&'-la], lake of Mexico, IV. 266. 
Chapapote [chS-pa-po'-ta], kind of asphaltura, 

11.672, la; V. 545, 1 be. 
Chapel, IV. 266. Origin of the word, 2 b. 

Ohapelsinaccessible to women, 2 e. Knights 

of the chapel, 267, 1 bo. 



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CHAPELAIW 

CHAPEtAis, Jean [shap-U"'], FrencL poet, IV. 

26r. 
Chapel of the angel, in Jerusalem, IX. 917, 1 ab. 
C hapel of Golgotha, 'm Jerusalem, IS. 616, 2 a. 
CnApBL Hill, village of Novtli Carolina, IV. 267. 
Chapelle dv dammi [shS-pBl da diUna], in Notre 

Dame, Paris, IV. 366, 2 c. 
CMpellei ardenta [aha-pBl zar-d&"'t], for rojal 

fanerala, IV. 267, 1 a. 
Ohapelmaster, orchestra leader, IV. 267, 1 a. 
Cni'piN, Edwin Hubbell, American clergyman, 

IV. 267. 
CHAPiK,8tephen, American clergyman, IV. 368. 
CniPis, William, American teacher o( the 

blind, IV. 268. 
Okaplkt ; see Bead. 
OhapUn, Charles Josnali [shfip-ia°'], French 

punter, IV. 252 (incorrectly, Champlia). 
Cuap'lis, Jeremiah, American clergyman, IV. 

268. 
Chapman, George, English poet, IV. 268. 

Translation of Homer, 2 b. Imprisoned by 

King James for satirical reflections on 

Scotchmen, 2 o. 
Chapman, John G-adsby, American artist, IV. 

268. 
Chaponr, Mrs. [ahi-pone'], English authoress, 

IV. 209. 
Chapoo', seaport of China, IV. 269. 
{7Sjy)p«j'Mo[chap'-ps-kwS] : see Gbbelet, VIII. 

234,2 c 
Chappb, Claude [shSp], French engineer and 

mechanician, IV. 269. 
Chappb d'Actbeoceb, Jean [sh5p do-trflsh], 

French astronomer, IV. 269. 
Chapbal, Charles Pierre [shap-sM], French 

grammarian, IV. 269. 
CnAPTAL, Jean Antoine [ahap-tfil], count de 

Ohantelonp, French chemist and statesman, 

IV. 269. 
Ghaptbb, of a cathedral or eollegiato church, 

IV. 370. 
Ghaplert of the Nm Teshiment, introduction 

of, ir. 612, 1 a. 
CnAppLTBPBC [chS-pool-ta-pek'], fortress of 

Mexico, IV. 270 (ill.). Its capture by (Jen. 

Scott, 3 c. 
Char, flsh : see Tboitt, SVI. 8, 2 c. 
Chaba [fca'-ra], genus of aquatic plants, IV. 

370. See Caicabbotts- Springs, HI. 568, 1 b. 
Chara'aem : see Alg.b, I. 300, 1 a. 
Charadri'na (ornithology), XIII. 617, 3 c. 
Oha/fa'3/rvag (ornithology), SHI. 618, 1 a. 0. 

Virginicus, 1 c (ill.). O. pluTialis, ii. C. 



CHARIOT 183 

morinellus and other species, 2 a, ff. C. 

voeiferns, IX. 831, 1 c (iU.). 
Oharbab Bay, Beloochistan, IV. 271. 
Gkarbonnerie Mmocratique [shar-bun-re da- 

mo-krfl-teek], secret political society, HI. 

771, 2 0. 
Oharbonaeriea [shar-him-ii] nee CAEBOhARi, 

ni. 7T1, 3 ah. 
Chae'ooaj:^ IV. 371. Pliysical character of, 

1 ab; chemical, 2 a. Absorption of gases 
by, 2 c. Deoxidizing power of, 273, 1 c ; 
deodorizing, 2 ab ; antiseptic, 3 c Process of 
charring, 273, la; ordinary method, 274, lb. 
Charcoal from alder, I. 268, 1 e. See Ftjei, 
VII.516, 3 bo, c; peat charcoal, 2 e. Tendency 
of charcoal to spontaneous combustion, V. 
138, 1 a. Animal charcoal : see Bone Black. 

Charcoal iron, for gun barrels, VII. 356, 3 c. 

Chard beef, II. 171, 2 be (ill). 

Chardin, Jean [shar-da'*], French merchant 
and traveller, IV. 274. 

Cn^mjiif, Jean Baptisto SiraSon, French paint- 
er, IV. 275. 

Chardon, county seat, TII. 65S, 2 c. 

Chakhstb [sha-rJl°=t], department of France, 
IV. 375. 

CnAEEKTE-IrfpfiRiECKE [-3°'-fa-re-ilr], depart- 
ment of France, IV. 375. 

Chaheston-le-Pont [sha-rA'^-to'^-liih-po''], 
town of France, IV. 375, 

CHAPj:NTOK'-8r,-MA0RioE [-sa''-mo-reece], vil- 
lage of France, IV. 375. 

Chahes [ka'-reez], Athenian general, IV. 375. 
Grecian statnary, 376, 1 a. 

Chagette de i,a Contbie, Francois Athanase 
[ahi-rSt dilh 13 ko^-tre], Vendean soldier, 
IV. 376. 

Ghar-Freitag phar-fri'-tilg], (Good Friday), 
VHI. 101, 1 a. 

Charge, in heraldry, VIH. 673, 1 ab. Charged 
field, ib. Group of charges, 3 c. Common 
charges, 673, 1 a. Blazoning of charges, 

2 ab ; in fess, in pale, &c., H. Charge de 
braised by an ordinary, 2 b. Proper chargi 
ih. Charge over all, 3 he. See plate (after 
p. 670). 

CnAEoi D'ApFAtEEs [shar-zha daf-fair], diph 

matio agent, IV. 276. 
ChwrUa |ia'-re-ica], (botany), SHI. 380, 2 i 

O. officinarum and C. Eoxbnrghii, ifi. 
Charing Grogs [cha-ring], in London, X. 594, 

2ab. 
Cdaeiot, IV. 276. Roman chariot (ill,), 2 b. 

British chariot (ill.), 277, 1 a. 



,y Google 



184 



CHARIOT 



Chariot of Venus, jnollnsk, SI. T22, 1 c. 

Chabis'tio ABIES, in Greek ecclesiastical his- 
tory, IV. STr. 

Chabit£, La [la ahi-re-ta], town of France, 
IV. 276, 2 a. 

Chaeiton [sha'-re-ton], river, IV. 277. 

Obasiton, conntj, IV. 277. 

Chariton, county seat, X. 700, 2 c. 

Chaihtt, Brothera of, religions order, IV. 277. 

Chabitt, Sisters of, religious congr(^ation, IV. 

277, In Europe, 2 b ; in the United States, 
3 c. Origin of, Sni. 176, 1 a. 

Chakivam [sha-re-vS-r6], mock serenade, IV. 

278. In the game of ombre, 1 b, 
Chablemagne, emperor of the West [shar-le^ 

main'; Fr. sharl-mdny'] : see Ohaeles I. 

(Germany). 
Ohaeleuost [shar-luh-mO"'] : see Gitet. 
CnAiiLEHOi [shar-lQh-rw^], town of Belgii 

IV. 278. 
Charleroy : see Ohaeleboi. 
Chablbs, connty, IV. 278. 
Charles, name of sovereigns and princes, IV. 



Chakles I., IV 2 8 Inan j c ou ma 
2 c. Autocrat l a..anmptJon3 and acts 

1 be. Pet t o of r gl t 1 o Court f the 
star chamber rev ved counc 1 of 1 ork and 
the high commisi on 2 bo Ship m ney 

2 c. Long parliament 280 1 b Battle of 
Naseby, 281 1 a Hen pen rope tor the 
parliamentary generals, 1 b. Irial and exe- 
cution, 281, 1 c, 2 a. Place of his confine- 
ment, III. 789, 2 c. Dealing in the precious 
metals claimed as a prerogative of the crown, 
and forbidden to all others, XI. 739, 1 c. 

Ckablks II., IV. 281. Defeated in the battle 
of Worcester, 2 o. Declaration of Breda, 
282, 1 a and b. Restoration, 1 a. Marriage, 
1 c ; abuse of his queen, 2 a. Declara- 
tion of indulgence, 3 o. Contests with par- 
liament, 383, 1 a. Pensioned byLouiaXIV., 
ih. Pretended popish plot, 1 b. Kye Tlonse 
plot, 1 c. Declared by his mistress to be a 
Eoman Catholic, and absolved by a Catholic 
priest, 2 a. His numerous illegitimate off- 
spring, 2 G. His purchase of Bass Bock as 
a prison for Covenanters, II. 372, 1 c. His 
treachery: see Vase, XVI, 260, 2 o. 



Cbaeles Maktel, IV. 284. Origin of his si 



CHARLES 

Cdaeees I. (Charlemagne) : see Crakles I. of 

Germany. 
OiiAELEs II., the Baid, IV. 384. 
Chaeles the Fat : see Chables the Fat, Ger- 

CnAELEB III., the Simple, IV. 385. 

Chaelks IV., the Fair, last of the Capetians, 
IV. 285. 

CHAfiLES v., the Wise, IV. 285. 

Ohables VI., the Mad, or the Beloved, IV. 
38S. 

OHAni.Es VII., the Victorious, IV. 386. 

Chaeles VIII., IV. 287. 

Ohables IX., IV. 287. Massacre of St, Bar- 
tholomew's day, 2 c. 

., IV. 288. Driven into esile, 289, 



I., Charlemagne, or Charles the Great, 
IV. 289 ; VII. 379, 2 b. Crowned by the 
Roman pontiff, IV. 290, 3 e. Self-styled em- 
peror of the West, ih. Project for reestab- 
lishing the ancient Eoman empire, ib. : see 
Ibehe, IX. 363, 1 c. Capitularies of, 291, 1 b ; 
XIII. 665, 2 b. Favors learning and popu- 
lar education, IV. 291, 3 a-b, I. 50, 1 a; 
the fine arts, IV. 291, 2 c; horticulture, 
IX. 5, 2 b. His tomb and relics, I. 233, 2 c. 
Relations with Pope Adrian I., I. 131, 2 a ; 
with Pope Leo m., X. 346, 1 b. His power 
in Brittany, III. 300, 1 c. 

CnAELES II. : see Chabees H. of France. 

Ohables III., the Fat, IV. 292, 

Chaeles IV., emperor of Germany, IV. 393. 
"Golden Bull," 2 b. 

Oeaeijds v., emperor of Germany and king of 
Spain as Charles I., IV. 394. Crowned em- 
peror, 2 ab. Diet of Worms, 2 be ; of Augs- 
burg, 295, 3 bo. Nuremberg agreement, 2 c, 
Smalcald league, 3 o, and 396, 1 be. Treaty 
of Passau, 1 e. Abdication, 3 a ; character- 
ization, 2 b. Relations of Cliarles V. and 
Francis I. vrith Leo X., X. 348, 3 b. 

Chaei.es VI., emperor of Germany, and pre- 
tended king of Spain as Charles IH., IV. 297. 
War of the Spanish succession, 2 b. Peace 
of Passarowitz, 298, 1 b. His pragmatic 
sanction, I c. 

Chaeles VII., emperor of Germany, IV. 298. 



Ohables of Anjolt, king of Naples and Sicily, 
IV, 399. See I. 538, 1 a. Charles II., the 
Lame, IV. 399, 2 bo. 



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CnAHLES III., kiu},' of Naples and Hungary, IT. 
29B. 

v. or SARDINIA, 

CnaBLEs Albbkt, IV". 300. His defeat at No- 
vara and abdication, 2 b. 



Chaeles Emasubl I., tiie Great, IVr 3 



Chables I. : see Cqarlbs T., Germany. 
Ohaelbs II., king of Spain, IV". 301. 
Chablbs Ilf., king of Spain and of tlie Two 

Sicilies, IV. 301. 
Ohables IV., ifing of Spain, IV. 302. See 

GoDOY, Manuel de. 



Chahles IX., IV. 802. 

Chables S., Gustavus, IV. 303 ; IX, 650, 3 o. 
Charles XI., IV. 304, la; XV. 509, 3 a. 

Chaelbs-XIL, IV. 804. Victory at Narva, 3 b. 
Conquest of Poland and Saxony, 30i, 3 c, ff. 
Invasion of Eussia, 803, 1 o. Defeat at Pol- 
tara, 2 b-o. Intrigues with the Turltish gov- 
emment, 2 c ; efforts to get rid of iiim, 306, 
1 a. Failure of Baron Gortz's policy, 2 b. 
His death, 3 o. Refnge in Bender, II. 517, 
lb. His treatment of PatIiu),Xm.I6S, 2c. 

Chables XIII., IV. 307. Made king in place 
of GustaTus IV., 2 ab. 

Cdaelks XIV. Jobs ; see Berkadotib. 

CnAELEB XV., king of Sweden and Norway, 
IV. 307. 



? wttnTEMBERO. 



Charles I., IV. 307. 



Charhi IV., of Anjon, bequeaths the duchy 
of Anjou to Louis XI. of France, I. 528, 1 a. 

Charles, archduke of Anstria, IV. 308. 

Chabies, prince of Bavaria, IV. 30B. 

Charles I., prince of Eoumania, IV. 309 ; XIV. 
451, 3 c. 

Charles Auoustits, grand duke of Saxe-Wei- 
mar-Eisenacli, IV. 309. 

Charles de Blois, duke of Brittany, IV. 309. 

Ohables the Bold, duke of Burgundy, IV. 309. 
War with Louis XL of France, 810, 3 a. Ex- 
pedition against Switzerland, 3 c. 

Ohables Edwamd (Stuart), the young pretend- 
er, IV. 311. Eis last attempt for the res- 
toration of the Stuarts, 813, 1 a. Count of 



Albany, 3 c. His marriage with the i 
Louisaof Stolberg-Gedem, ifi., andL248, 3 c. 
See VII. 706, 1 b, and Maodonald, Flora. 

Ohables, Jacques Alexandre Cfisar [sharl], 

French physicist, IV. 313. 
Ohables City, county, IV. 318. 
Charles City, connty seat, VII. 388, 3 c. 
Charles Gity Court House, county seat, IV. 

313, 1 c, 
Chitrleses, the three, so called, of Sardinia, III. 

114, 1 c. 
Chables Ifis, county, IV. 813. 
Chables Eiter, Massachusetts, IV, 313. 
OnARLEs's Wain, constellation, IV. 313; II. 

420, 3 a. 
Chablestoh, connty, IV. 813. 

city of West Virginia, IV, 313. 
city of South Carolina, IV. 814; 

view, 315. Commerce, 31S, 2 c. Ilistory, 

317, 1 a. Defence of, during the revolutionary 

war, X. 300, 1 b. Fires in 1861 and 1865, 

V. 237, 2 b. 
Charleston, county seats, IV, 638, 2 a (or 

Cliarlestown) ; V. 53, 1 c ; XL 658, 3 c ; 

SV. 497, 3 B ; 556, 3 c. 
Chahlebtown, city of Massachusetts, IV. 317. 

Navy yard, 318, 1 c (ill.). History, 319, 1 a. 
Ohaelestown, town of West Virginia, IV. 318. 
Cliarlestown Village (Wohurn, Hass.), XVI. 

604, 1 ab. 
Chablet, Nicolas Tqussaint [sLar-la], French 

artist, IV. 319. 
Charhton, William; see Ooubteh, William, 

V. 433, 3 c. 
Chahleville [shar-Iilh-veel], town of France, 

IV. 819. 
CnABLEVoix [shar-Je-voi'J, county of Michigan, 

IV. 319. 
CnABLEVOis, county of Canada, IV. 830. 
Gha/rl^oix, county seat, IV. 319, S c. 
Charletoii, Pierre Frangois Savier de [shar- 

lah-vwS], French historian, ciitic, and trav- 
eller, rV. 830. 
Choj-loeJe, wild mnstard, XII. 106, 1 c. Jointed 

charlock, XIV. 165, 1 c. 

[shar'-lut], county of Virginia, IV. 



Charlotte, city of North Carolina, IV. 330. 
Charlotte, county of New Brunswick, IV. 330, 
Charlotte, county seats, VI. 91, 3 bo ; 381, 1 b. 
Charlotte, daughter of JSr6n]e Bonaparte, III. 

81, 3 b. Daughter of Lucien Bonaparte, 34, 

She. 



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186 



CHARLOTTE 



Chaelottk Amalie [shar-Iot' &-in&'-le-6h] : ace 

Saint Thomas, XIV. 555, 1 be. 
CnARLOTTB AuGBSTA (Princess Charlotte of 

England), IV. 320. 
Chaklottb Hakboe, inlet of Florida, IV. 321. 
CHAfiLOTTENBmtG [shar-lut'-tett-boorg], town 

of Prussia, IV. 331. Royal palace, 1 a (ill.). 
Chablottesville, town of Virginia, IV. 321. 
Chablottbtown, capital of Prince Edward 

Island, IV. 321. 
CaiKLTON, eouaty, IV. 321. 
Chabma, Antoine [ahar-ma], Trench philoso- 
pher, IV. 331. 
Charmosyna [kar-moz'-e-na], (oraithologj'), X. 

644, I b. C. Papnensis, ib. (ill.). 
Chareiau, count of [sha-riih-laj, (Charles the 

Bold), IV. 309, 2 c. 
Cbason [ka'-ron], in Grooi mythology, IV. 

821 (ill., 322). 
Gharonian sUps: see Theatbb, XV. 685, 3 be. 
Ghar<yiC» ditches, escavations, VIII. 2S9, 2 a. 
Chakost, Armand Joseph de Bfithnne, dnke 

de [sha-ro], French philanthropist, IV. 822. 
Cliarpetitier'i theory of glacial motion, VII. 

829, 2 c. 
Gharpoy, East Indian mattress, II. 444, 3 ob. 
OnABEAS, Jean Baptiste Adolphe [shfl-ra], 

French officer and military writer, IV. 822. 
Charred 'barrels, for preserving water fresh, II. 

685, 1 b. 
Charred coal, V. 35, 1 b. 
CHABEifeRK, or Charri^res, Isahelle Agnate de 

Saint-Hyacinthe de [diih shSr-jair], French 

authoress, IV. 822. 
Chaegos, Pierre [ahS-ro"*], French anthor, IV. 

322. 
Charta bombycina [kar'-ta bom-bis'-e-na], cot- 
ton paper, SlII. 51, 1 b. 
Charta juTaUs, and other medireval charters, 

IV. 333, 1 a. 

Chabteb, IV. 823. Medifflval charters, 1 a. 
Charter government, 1 b. Charters of his- 
torical interest, ib. Case of Dartmouth col- 
lege. Sab; V. 69(), 1 a. "People'schartor" 
in England, IV. 324, 1 o. Meaning o( the 
word, X. 849, 1 a. 

Chartered property, inviolability of established, 

V. (196, 1 a. 

Charterer, IV. 324, 1 ab ; XIV. 870, 1 be. 

CHABTBHH01J9B, a school and charity of Lon- 
don, IV. 823 (ill.). School removed, X 604, 
1 c. 

Charter of Connectieut, I. 488, 1 c ; V. 261, 
1 a, ff; Vin. 489, 1 bo. 



CHASSELOUP-LAUBAT 

" Charter of Liberties:" see Magka CnARiA. 

Charter oak, allusion to, I, 488, 1 c. 

Chaeteb Paety, IV. 324; SIV. 870, 1 a. 

Chaetieg, Alain [sbar-tyaj, French writer, IV. 
324. 

Chaetism, English political creed, IV. 334. 
Sis points of, 1 c. 

CharUmutacy [kar'-to-nian-ae] ; see DrviuA- 
Tioir, VI. 164, 1 b. 

Chartoph'ylax, officer in the Greek ohnrch, 
IV. 826, 1 a. 

Ohaetbes [shartr'], city of France, IV. 324. 
Cathedral of, 2 c (ill.). 

Chahtbes, Robert Philippe Louis Eugene Fer- 
dinand d'Orlfians, dnke de, IV. 335. 

Chaetebubb [shar-triSz], name of various Car- 
thusian monaateries, IV. 825. La Grande 
Chartreuse, 2 a (ill.) ; liquenr of, 3 o. 

Chartreuse cat, IV. 92, 2 a. 

Ohaetdlaeies [kar'-tu-lfi-riz], ancient church 
record books, IV. 325. 

Cha/rtulary, ecclesiastical officer, IV. 325, 2 c. 

OHAEYBris ASD ScYtLA [ka-rib'-dis, sil'-la], two 
mythical monsters, IV. 326. A whirlpool 
and a rock, 1 a. 

Chotdim [kas'-dim], Hebrew narne of the Chal- 
dees, IL 189, 1 a; IV. 228, 2 a. 

Chasb, county, IV. 326. 

Gha»e, in printing, XIII. 850, 1 a. 

Chase, Irah, American clergyman and scholar, 
IV. 326. 

Chase, Philander, American bishop, IV. 326. 

Chabb, Salmon Portland, American statesman 
and jurist, IV. 326. Opposition to slavery, 
327, 1 a, ff. tJ. S. senator, 3 c. GoTcrnor 
of Ohio, 828, 1 c. Secretary of the treasury, 
3 a. Financial poUcy during the civil war, 
ib. Chief juatice, 3 b. 

Chase, Samuel, American jurist, IV. 828. 

ChaseJees [kas'-e-keez], a waywode of Athens, 
II. 58, 1 a. 

ChasM, county seat, IV. 45, 2 a. 

Ohasleb, Michel [shfll], French mathematician, 
IV. 329. Hia principle of duality and prin- 
ciple of homography, VII. 702, 1 be. 

CKASLK8, Victor Enph^mion PhilarSte, French 
anthor, IV. 829. 

CHASsfi, David Hendrik, baron [shSa-Ba], Dutch 
general, IV. 330 ; 11. 491, 2 be, and 493, 1 a 

Chaasela»de Fontainebleau, grapes, VH. 804, 1 c. 
Ohasbelouf - Laubat, Francois de, niarijuis 

[sh3s-loo-lo-bft], French soldier, IV. 330. 

Justin Prudent de, count and marquis, sol- 



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CHASSEPOT 

dier, 1 c. Justin Wapol^on Samuel Prosper 
do, marquis, statesman, 2 i 

Chassepot, Antoine Alphonse [ahSs-pS], French 
inventor, W. S30. 

Chass^ot gun, XIV. 331, 1 c (ill.) ; L 750, 2 b. 

0Hi9TEL, Jean. [shfi-tSl] : see ChS.tkl. 

Oha3tei,ain, Georges [shilt-lft°'], the Adven- 
turous, French chronicler and poet, IV. 330. 

Ohabtbiaed, Pierre de Boscobel de [sh^t-lar], 
French poet, IV. 831. 

Ohastblbk, Jean Gabriel Joseph Albert, mar- 
quis de [ahat-la], French general, IV. 331. 

Ohastellain: see Chastbiain. 

CnABTEiLTTX, Franfois Jean, marqoia de [shS- 
tel-lflx], French military olBcer and man of 
letters, IV. 331. 

Ohas'bble, ecolesiastieal vestment, IV. 333. 

CniT, bird, IV. 332. 

CMteau, feudal castle (oastellnm) : see ChI- 
TiiAn-TniEEHT, IV. 335, 1 e. 

Ohateattbhiand, Francois Augaste, viscount 
de [sha^tO-bre-fl"'], French author and states- 
man, IV. 333. Sainte-Beuve's analysis of 
his political hfe, 338, 1 c. His relations with 
Mme. E6camier, XIV. 329, 3 be. 

OMteaubriant, eastle of, IV. 334, 1 ( 
of, by Henry H., VIII. 654, 1 ab. 

Chateaubeiant, Fraapoise do Fois, 
de, mistress of Francis I., IV. 334. 

OitATBAunirjj [shA-to-da"'], town of France, 
IV. 334. Castle of the counts Duuois, 1 c. 
Viscounts of, 3 a. 

ChSteatt-Gontibb [-g5'''-tya], town of Franco, 
IV. 334. 

CHiTBArauAT [-ga], county of Canada, IV. 
334. Battle of, 3 b. 

ChIteaboiiat, Sieur de : see Le Mothb. 

ChAUoMRaut-Brion [o-bre-a"], wine, VII. 410, 
2 c; 411, 1 o. 

CMteau Laffitte [la^feet], wine, VH. 410, 2 c. 

GMUau Latour [E-toor], wine, VII. 410, 2 o. 

ChAteav, de MaAHd [dlh mi-dro], restaurant 
in the Boia de Boulogne, lU. 154, 1 be. 

CMteau Margmtt [mar-go], wine, VII, 410, 
So; 411, 1 bo. 

CMteatrnm^-dit-Pape [-nlf-dtt-pSp], wines of, 
Vn. 413, 1 a. 

CalvEAjmovx [-roo], town of France, IV. 334. 
Ancient castle, prison of the princess de 
Cond6, 2 e. 

CttArBADBous, Marie Anne, duchess de, favor- 
ite of Louis XV., IV. 3S4. 

CMteau Suduiraut [sH-da-B-rO], wine, VII. 
411, 2 a. 



Edicts 



OHAUCI 187 

CnATEin-THiBRGT [-tyalr-ro], town of France, 
IV. 335. 

GMteav. Yquem [e-kfi""], wine, VII. 411, 1 c. 

Chatel, Ferdinand Toussaint Frangois, abh^ 
[sha-tel], French religious reformer, IV. 335 ; 
VII. 579, 1 a. 

Cal^EL, Jeaa, French fanatic, IV. 335. 

GMtelar: see CnABTELAen. 

CuATBLBT [shSt-la], name of two fortresses in 
Paris, IV. 335. Grand ChStelet, 2 c. Petit 
Chatelet, 336, 1 a. 

CiiAtelet, Madame do : see Dn Chatelbt. 

CMUlMrmiU [sh^-ta-la-roj, duko of, L 764, 1 a. 

Chatbllbeatjlt [sh&-tel-ro], town of France, 
IV. 338. 

CuATBAM [chat'-um], two counties, IV. 336. 

Chatham, town of Canada, IV. 886. 

Chatham, town of Massachusetts, IV. 33G. 

CnATHiM, town of New Brunswick, IV. 836. 

Chatham, borough of England, IV. 337. Naval 
establishment, 2 b (ill.). 

CniTHAM, Earl of: see Pitt, William. 

Chatham Islands, Pacific ocean, IV. 337. 

Chati [cha'-te], species of cat, IV. S3T (ill.). 

CnATiXLOS - 9UB - Seinb [shi-te-y6°'-aiir-sain], 
town of France, IV. 338. 

Ghatmoas, a peat swamp, England, II. 7T9, 1 b ; 
X. 134, 1 c ; XV. 375, 1 c. 

OaiTEB, La [IS sliStr'], town of France, IV. 338. 

GhaU [sliS], French name of the Eries (In- 
dians), VI. 714, 1 b. 

OnATs'woRTH, estate of (he duke of Devon- 
shire, IV. 338. Chatswortb house, 2 be (ill.) ; 
II. 229, 2 a. 

Ghattah, object of Buddhist devotion. III. 790, 
2 a. 

Ohattauoo'chbe, river of Georgia, IV. 338. 

CnATTAHOOOHEK, oonnty, IV. 330. 

Chattahoo'qa, city of Tennessee, IV. 339. 
Battle of Lookout mountain, 2 a ; of Mis- 
sionary ridge, 2 b. See VIII. 158, 3 a. 

Chattels, personal property, IV. 839. 

Ghatterer, bird, XI. 87, 2 o (red manakin); 
XVI. 517, 2 b (Bohemian waswing). 

Ohattertos, Thomas, English poet, IV. 840. 

Gliatti [kftt'-t«] : see Catti. 

CnATTOo'oA, name of two rivers, IV. 341. 

Chattoora, county, IV. 341. 

GMtuga [oha-too'-ga], river; see Cuattoo&a. 

Chaucer, Geoffrey, English poet, IV. 84 ; VI. 
633, 1 c. His indebtedness to Boccaccio, 
11. 769, 1 a. 

Ohatioi [kaw'-si], German tribe, IV, 842 ; 
vn. 501, 1 a. 



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CHATJDEa-AIGUES 



CiiAin>ES-AiGiJES [sliode-zaig], watering place 

of France, IV. 342. 
Chaijdet, Antoine Denis [alio-da.], French 

artist, IV. 343. Jeanne Elisabeth Gabiou, 

painter, 1 h. 
OHADDifeEE [shoJe-jair], river of Canada, IV. 

343 ; II. 424, 1 a. Talis of the, IV. 848, 1 c, 

2 a (ill.). Chandi^re lalla, XII. 734, 3 b. 
CttitTDoN', Dom Lonia Maieul [sho-dO°'], French 

author, IV. 843. Esprit Joseph, author, 3 b. 
OiiAtrFFEPifi, Jacques Georges de [shofe-pja], 

Franco-Dutch divine, IV. 343. 
CuiOFFKuEa [sho-fQr], French brigands, IV. 

343. 
Chaulelagmua [kaw-le-las'-musj, (ornithology), 

VII. mi, 3 b. C. atreperus, 553, 1 a (ill., 

551). 
Chacliac, Gui lie [sbo-iyilk], French aurgoon, 

IV. 344. 
Chamlieu, Gui de [sho Ijilhj : see CiiAOLiAC. 
OiiiTjLiHo, GuillauLoe Amfrye de, French poet, 

IV. 344. 
Ckatimette, Pierre Gaspard [sho-mEt], French 

revolutionist, IV. 344. 
CuAtTMONOT, or Chaumonnot, Pierre Marie 

Joseph [sho-mdh-nft], French missionary, 

IV. ZU. 
CuAtFMOMr, or Chaumont-en-Baasigny [sho- 
rn o°«-ta°'-has-8e-nye], town of France, IV. 

344. OaaflB of (ill.). 
Chaunoet, Isaac [ohan'-se], American naval 

officer, IV. 345. 
Cjiausct, Obarles, president of Harvard col- 
lege, IV. 345. Charles, clergyman, 2 ab, 

Charles, jurist, 3 b. Charles, lawyer, 2 c. 
Chauut [sho-ne], town of France, IV. 345. 
Ch ( gj) : see Ltns, X. 754, 3 c. 

Oh ap Pierre Jean Baptiste [sho-sar], 

F n h thor, IVi 346. 
Ch sa d Brunehaut [sho-sa dtlh bril-no], 

E an ads in Franco, 11. 403, 1 b. 

n q a, county, IV. 346, 

OnAUTAHsrA Lake, New York, IV. 346. 
CHAtJVEAtr, Pierre J. 0. [sho-vo], Canadian 

statesman and author, IV. 346. 
CnATTTEATj-LAOAEDB, OlaudeFrancols [la-gard], 

French advocate, IV. 346. 
Chacvenet, William [sho'-vflh-nil], American 

mathematician and astronomer, IV. 346. Hia 

great circle protractor, XII. 181, 1 c. 
Ckauvin, Nieolat [sho-vS"], French grenadier, 

IV. 847, 1 ab. 
OeATTvisisit [sho'-vin-iam], French political 

term, IV. 847. 



CHAvfiE, Honors Joseph [sha-va], Belgian phi- 
lologist, IV. 347. 

Chaves [aha'-vess], town of Portugal, IV. 347. 

Chaves, Manoel de Silveyra Pinto de Fonseca, 
marquis of, Portuguese general and states- 
man, IV. 347. 



Chazal, Antoine [sha-zSl], French painter and 
designer, IV. 347. Charles Oamilie, paint- 
er, 348, I a. 

Che, Chinese musical instrument, XII. 86, 1 o. 

Glieapmde, London, X. 593, 2 c. 

Cheat, grass, IV. 384, 1 c; VIII. 169, 1 ab ; 
XVI. 687, 1 c. 

Cheatham [cheet'-um], county, IV. 348. 

Cheat Eivee, West Virginia, IV. 348, 

Gli^aT [ke'-bar], river of Asia, VII. 40, 1 ab. 

CnsBOTGAS [sbe-boi'-gan], county, IV. 348. 

Cu£ck'ehbeeey ; see Pabtbidob Bekey, XIII. 
143, 2 b, and WiNiEEGBEEtf, XVI. 674, 1 c, 
3ab. 

Cheddar cheese, IV. 350, 1 c and 3 c. Cream 
Cheddar, 351, 2 o. 

Ch4dorlaomer [fced-or-la'-o-mer], king of Elam, 
IV. 230, 3 a; VI. 485, 3 a. 

OnfeDOTEL [sha-dilh-tEl], French navigator, IV. 
848. 

Chedd'ba, island, bay of Bengal, IV. 348. 

CnEE-FOo', town of China, IV. 348. 

Cheek restorers, in dentistry, VI. 24, 2 b. 

Cheese, IV, 348. Analysis of good milk, and 
of cheese from it, 349, 1 a. Preparation of 
rennet, 1 b ; theory of its action, 1 c. Ma- 
king cheese with rennet, 850, 1 b. Cheddar 
cheese making, 1 c and 2 e. Floating curds, 
351, 1 b. Skim-milk cheese, I c. Coagula- 
tion by hydrochloric acid, 2 ab. European 
varieties of cheese, 3 c. Neufch&tel, Brie, 
Stilton, and cream Cheddar, il. Gruy6re, 
353, 1 b. Schweitzerkase, 1 o. Sour-milk 
cheese, H. ; Limbarg, 3 b, Anuotto, 3 c. 
Poisoning by cheese, ib. Statistics, 353, 1 a. 
See I. 817, 1 a. Parmesan cheese, X. 673, 1 c. 

C'heeaet, tegetable, XI. 66, 3 bo (Mallow). 

Chbeshahteahmiiok, Caleb, Indian graduate 
of Harvard college, IV. S53. 

Cheesy degeneration, of the lungs in consump- 
tion, V. 283, 1 a. 

Cheevbb, Ezekiel, American teacher, IV. 353. 

Chebveh, George Barrell, American clergyman 
and author, IV. 358. "Deacon Giles's Dis- 



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CHEGORMEGON 

tillery," 3 b, Henry Theodore, clergyman 

and author, 354, 1 a. 
Chegormegm, Lake Superior, Jesuit mission 

at, I. SS5, 1 a. 
Cheha'lis, connty, IV. 854. 
Cheiloploity [Id'-lo-plas^to], surgical operation, 

n. 156, 2 b. 
Oheiranthuf eheiri [ki-ran'-thus ki'-re], (bot- 
any), XVI. 438, lb (ill.). 
Glieiromys [ki'-], (zoOlogy), II. 168, 1 c. C. 

MadagascaricuB (ill), 2 b. 
Chkiropteba [ki-rop'-te-ra] : see Bat. 
CnEiEOTHE'EruM [kl-] : see LABTRiHTUonos, 

and VII. 343, la, 50T, 3a. 
Chekb, Sir John, English scholar, IV. 354. 
OnEKiAsa', province of China, IV, 354. 
Chelaed, Hippolyte Andrfi Jean Baptiste 

[shfih-lar], French composer, IV. 354, 
Ohekie Brethren, religious society, II. 786, 3 c. 
Chelerethrine [ke-lSr'-e-thrin], active principle 

of celandine, IV. 167, 2 b-c. 
CAeii*mmwnwyras[kel-e-do'-ne-um], (botany), 

IV. 167, Sa(ill.). 
Ghelifer [kel'-e-fer], book scorpion, XIV. 69T, 

2 a. 
OaBtMSFOHD, Frederick Thcsigcr,bairon[chemB'- 

fnrd], English lawyer, IV. 355. Erederick 

Augustus Tbesigcr, military officer, 1 b. 
Ohehne glabra [ke-lo'-ne], (botany), SV. 131, 

Ibc. 
Ohelonia midia (zoology), XVI. 80, 1 a (iU.). 
Cheloniam, class of reptiles, XV. 664, 1 c, 
Chelm.v:ra (zoology), XV. 131, 1 c. 
Chelsea [chel'-so], city of Massachusetts, IV. 

553. 
Cbelsea, boroagh of England, IV. 355, Hos- 
pital, 2 c ; foundation of, VIII. 850, 3 a, 
Chelsea, county seat, XII. 605, 1 b. 
Cheltenham [chclt'-niim], town of England, 

IV. 356. Cheltenham college, 1 c (ill). 

Mineral springs, 2 a, 
Chelydra serpenH'na [kel'-e-dra], (zo6logy), 

XV, 181, 1 c (ill). 
Chelyi [ke'-lis], (zoOlogy), XV. 810, 2 b. 
Ohdya, kind of baaa viol, XVI. 366, 2 c. 
Chemical affinities, origin and development of 

ttie theory, II. 558, 2 h. See AFriNnr, 

Chemical, and Cohesion, V. 20, 3 o. 
Chemical aftraetion, I. 168, 1 c (Affisitt, 

Chemical). 
Oiemieal balance, II. 333, 1 c (ill.). 
Chemical eompounds. Hunt's theory of their 

origin, IX. 69, 3 be. 
Chemical elements, XI.. Via, 1 a. 



CHfiNIER 



189 



Chemical equivalence, II. 86, 1 b ; 88, 2 a. 

Chemical gilding, VII. 808, 1 b. 

Chemical notatitm, Borzelius's, 11. 87, 2 b. 

Chemical operatiam, lamps for, X. 130, 2 ab. 

Chemical powder, Scbultzo'a, VII. 36, 1 b. 

Chemical proportion, discoverer of the law of, 
II. 589, 1 ab. 

Chemical types, theory of, II. 88, 1 b. 

Chemicki-ng, a process in bleaching, II. 704, 1 c. 

Ohemistet [kem'-is-tre], IV. 356. Influence 
of Aristotle's views, 357, 1 b. Theories and 
discoveries of the alohemiata, 2 ab ; I, 260, 
2 c ; 361, 1 a, b. First ckemical theory, IV. 
357, 3 be. Views of Albertua Magnus, 368, 
1 c ; of Basil Valentine, 3 b ; of Paracelsus 
and others of the I6th century, 369, 1 a. 
Modern chemistry, 860, 1 c. Rational no- 
menclature originated, 364 1 a Dalton's 
atomic theory, 365, 3 c Gay Lussao's law 
of combining volnmes, 866 1 be Recent 
French chemists, 868, 2 ab A new epoch 
indicated, 870, 1 ab. AJlotropism, 2 a 
Establishment of the flr'Jt chemical work" 
see Chaptai., IV, 269, 2 c 

Chemistry, the rtea, arrangement of okmi.nt'i 
11. 88, 1 c. 

Chemmii [kem'-mis] : see CnEOPS, 

Chemnitim: see Chemsitz, Martin, 

Chemnitz [kem'-nits], city of Saxony, IV. 371. 

Chemnitz, Martin, German reformer, IV, 371, 
Philipp Bogialav von, historian, 373, 1 b. 

CnEuSETZER, Ivan Ivanoviteb, Ku.'iaian fabulist, 
IV., 373. 

Chemosh [ke'-mosh], Semitic idol, IV. 872. 

Ohemo'sia, in ophthalmia, XII. 645, 1 a. 

Chemuno [she-mung'], county, IV. 372. 

Chenab ; see OnEBAHB, 

Chenal'opex [te-], (ornithology), Vfll. 105, 
la. 0. ^gyptiacus, O/. 

Chksasgo [she-nang'-go], county, IV. 373. 

Ohenasgo River, New York, IV. 373. 

Chenapan or gnaphaunce, lock of a musket 
(ill), XII. 98, 1 b, 

Chenapp'itam', original name of Madras, X. 
832, 1 c. 

Cbbnabb', river of Hindostan, IV. 373. 

Ohenatahd, Paul [shtlh-na-var], French paint- 
er, IV. 873. 

Chesdap.ee', town of Hindostan, IV. 373. 

Chen'evix, Richard, Irish author and chemist, 

IV. 373. 
Cheng, Chinese organ, XIV. 242, 1 c, 

CHtNiBR, Lonia de [sha-nya], French histo- 
rian, IV. 373. Andi'6 Marie de, poet, 3 be. 



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190 CHENONOEAUX 

Marie Joseph, poet, 374, 1 ab. Chant du 
depart, 1 b. 

Ohbnokceatjx, Castle of [shiih-ni)°'-80] : see 
BLfeEl:, II. 710, 2 (ill., 711). 

Chempia atra'ta [ken'-o-pia], (ornithology), 
SV. 501, 1 a. 

Chenopodia'eem [te-], (botany), XIII. 509, 1 b. 

Ohenopo'dium (botany), XIII. 508, 3 ab. 0. 
album, 509, 1 a (ilL, 508). C. ambroaioides 
or anthelmintieum, XVI. 730, 1 o (ill.). C. 
quinoa, VI. 34, 3 o; XIH. 338, I c. 

Chenot, Claude Bernard Adrien [shSh-nS], 
French engineer, IV, 374. 

Cnsops [ke'^ops], king of Egypt, IV. 374. 
Pyramid of, XIV. 106, 1 c (ilJ.). 

Obep'stow, town of England, IV. 375, Castle 
of, 1 b (ill.). 

OhequTf [chek'-e], in heraldry, VIII. 67S, 1 a. 
See plate (after p. 670). 

Cheb [shair], river of Trance, IV. 375. 

Ohbb, department of Trance, IV. 375. 

CiiEKASoo [ka-rSB'-ko], town of Italy, IV. 375. 

Cherboceo [shair-boor], seaport of France, IV. 
375 ; view, 376. Breakwater, 2 be ; III. 
235, 1 b (ill, 386). Destrnotion of the Ala- 
bama by the Kearsai^, IV. 376, 2 c. 

Chbrbuliez, Antoine Elis^e [shair-bu-lya], 
Swiss political economist, IV, 376. Victor, 
author, 377, 1 ab. Andrfi and Joiil, writers, 
1 a. AdrieoEe and Caroline, writers, ib. 
Mme. Tourte-Cherbuliez, novelist, ib. 

CafiEi, Rose Marie Cizos [sha-re], French ac- 
tress, IV. 377. 

Chermara, degraded claaa in Malabar, SI. 47, 
2ab. 

Chbe'okbb, sis counties, IV. 377. 

Cherokee, connty seat, IV. 377, 3 c. 

Chesokees, Indian tribe, IV. 378. A Chero- 
kee (ill), ih. Cherokee agency, treaty of, 
379, 1 be. Removal from Georgia, 2 a; IX. 
493, 1 bo. Cherokee alphabet, Vni. 30O, 1 b. 

Gheroat [she-roof], IV. 579, 1 ab ; XV. 783, 2 o. 

Cheery, fruit tree, IV. 380. Common cherry, 
1 b (ill.). American wild cherry, 3 ab (ill.). 
Choke cherry, 3 c, European wild cherry, 

Cherry, ground or winter, XIII. 481, 1 b. 
Cherry Mreh, II. 648, 1 a. 
Chbeby Laurel, evergreen shrub, IV. 381 (ill.). 
Cherry pie (heliotrope), Vm. 630 " ab 
CAerry-tree gum, VIH. 821, 1 b 
Cheeson ; see Kherson. 
Cheraoneae [kur-so-neece'] : see Chbe bbs 8 
1, peninsula, IV. 381 Th a an 



CHESTERFIELD 

2 a. Tauric, 2 ab ; V. 484, 2 c. Cimbrio, 
IV. 381, 2b; IX. 730, 1 a. Aurea Cherso- 
nesns, IV. 381, 3 be; XJ. 59, 1 o. 

Chebt'sbt, town of England, IV. 881. 

Chbe'ub, symbolical figure, IV. 883, Chern- 

Ch<iruMni, Laertiua [ka-roo-be'-ne], Roman 

lawyer. III. 719, 3 b. 
Chbbcbini, Maria Lnigi Carlo Zenobio Salva- 

tore, Italian composer, IV. 383 ; XII. 92, 1 c. 
Cheetjbci [kc-ms'-si], ancient Gorman tribe, 

IV. 383. 
CHERViif, Nicolas [ahidr-va°«], French physi- 
cian, IV. 383. 
Cheet, Philippe [sha-rf], French painter, IV. 

388. 
Chea'apeake, U. 8. frigate, captured by the 

British ship Leopard, II. 838, 1 a, ff. 
Cheaapeake and Ohio canal, III. 686, 1 a. 
Chesapeake and Shannon, naval engagement of 

the: see Beoke, III. S06, and Lawrence, X, 

334, 1 c, 
Chesapeake Bay, United States, IV. 883. 
Chesebko', Caroline, American authoress, IV. 

Oheshihe [chesh'-er], connty of New Hamp- 
shire, IV. 388, 

CiiEsniRE, county of England, IV, 384. 

Ohesne, AndrS du : see Duchesne. 

Chesnbt, Francis Eawdon, English soldier, 
IV. 384. 

Chess, and Brome Grass, plants, IV. 384 (ill.). 
Soft chess, 385, 1 a (ill.). See VIII. 169, 
1 b ; XVI. 587, 1 c. 

Chbss, a game, IV, 385, Modem chess, 3 a. 
Writers on it, 3 ab. Chess board, 3 o (ill., 
386). Rules, and the laws of the game, 386, 
1 b. Openings, and their inventors, 2 a. 
Problems, 3 c. 

Chest, o£ the hnman body, IV. 387. Its 
cavities, 1 c. 

Chbsteb, two oonnties, IV. 387. 

Cheater, county seat, XIV. 189, 3 b. 

Chester, county of England: see Cheshire. 

Chestee, city of Pennsylvania, IV. 388. 

Chestbh, city of England, IV. 388. Walls of, 
1 be. Watergate row (ill.), 2 a. Stanley 
house, 3 a (ill.). Castle, 2 o ; proposed at- 
tack on by Fenians, VII, 128, 1 a. St. 
J hn'a collegiate church, IV. 889, 1 a. Earl 
f(.h t ttl ofthe prince of Wales, 1 c. 

Che ee e d t counties, IV. 389. 

Che tbb d t wd of England, IV. 389. 

Chb ee e d Ph lip Dormer Stanhope, earl 



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CHESTERI'IELD 

of, EDglish Btatesman, IV, 389. Bill for the 
reformation of the calendar, 390, 1 a. His 
letters, ib. Lord Chesterfield and Dr. John- 
son, IX. 664, 1 ah ; 665, 2 a. 

C'hmterfield Court Bbute, county seats, IV. 
389, 3 a, b (two). 

Chbstebfibijd Inlet, IV. 390. 

Chebtkb-lk-Strbbt, parish of England, IV. 390. 

Ckestertavm, county seat, IX. 793, 3 b. 

Gheiterville, county seat, IV. 388, 1 a, 

OHBSTinrr [ches'-nut], tree, IV. 390 (ill). Use 
of ia landscape painting, 2 ab. Chestnut 
tree on Mt. Etna, 2 bo (ill., 391). Oldest in 
England, 390, 3 c; in France, ib.: see I. 
184, 2 a. Chinqnapin (an American species), 
rv. 391, 2 b (ill.). Sweet chestnut of ML 
Etna, 1. 184, 1 a. 

Che»trmt ridge, in the Appalachian mountains, 
I. 590, a b, 0. 

Chbtah: see Lbopakd, X, 355, 1 a, 

Ohetore' : see Chitoeb. 

Chevalier, Michel [shtlh-va-lya], French po- 
litical economist, IV. 391 ; VI. 595, 3 h, c ; 
Slir. 678, 1 c. 

Chevalier, Sulpiee Quillaume Paul, carica- 
turist ; see Gataeki. 

GhewUer d'^on: see Eon db Beaumont. 

Cheoalier ian» pew ef saita reproeke [shtih-vS- 
lyS sk" pOr 3 sk" rtlh-prtisli], II. 406, 2 b. 

Chevalier of St. George [shev-a-leer'], assumed 
name, IX. 531, 1 b. 

Chevbbus, Jean Louis Anno Madeleine Le- 
febvro de [shev'-e-rus ; Fr. shilb-yriis], first 
Eoman Catholic bishop of Boston, IV. 393. 

CnKTEs, Langdon [oheevz], American states- 
man, IV. 393. 

Chey'iot HiLia, IV. 398. "Chevy Chase" 
(ballad), alluded to, 3 a, 

Chbvbsui, Michel Eugene [shiih-vriil]. Trench 
chemist, IV, 893. His investigations of ani- 
mal and vegetable oils and fats. III. 698, 2 a. 
Hia color chart, V. 9T, 3 b ; law for hues 
and tones, 98, 2 b. 

Ohbvbeusb, Marie de EohanrMontbazon, duch- 
6Bfi de [shiih-vrilz], IV. 394; X. ITS, 1 c. 

Cheeron [shev'-run], in heraldry, VIII. 672, 
1 0, Per chevron, 671, 3 e. See plate 
(after p. 6T0). 

CheDTonel, in heraldry, VIII, 673, 3 a. 

CAsB'y Chase, ballad, IV. 393, 3 a. 

Che'wink, bird, IV. 394 (ill.). 

Ckbtenne [sha-yen'], county, IV. 394. 

Cheyenkb, capital of Wyoming territory, IV. 
394, 



CHICKEN 



191 



nation of Indians, IV. 394. 

Ohbtnb, George [chain], British physician, 
IV. 395. Treatise on the "English mal- 
ady," 3 ab. 

CnsYSGLL, Francis [cba'-nel], English clergy- 
man, IV. 395. See Chiilihowobth, IV. 
484, 1 b. 

OntzT, Antoine Leonard de [aha-ze], French 
orientalist, IV. 395. Wilhelmine Ohristiane 
von, German authoress, 396, I a. "Wilhehn, 
Journalist and litterateur, 1 b. Mas, paint- 
er, ib. 

Chhandim period, in Indian literature, IX. 
232, 2 e. 

Ghianti [kySn'-te], wine of, IX, 468, 2 a. 

Chiapas [che-&'-pfiss], state of Mexico, IV. 396. 
Kuins of cities and monuments, 3 ab. 

GniABAMONTE [fcyfi-ra-moue'-ta], town of Sieiij, 
IV. 396. 

Chiaramonti, Bamaba Laigi (Pope Pius VII.), 
Xin. 560, 1 a. 

OniAKi [ky^'-re], town of Italy, IV. 896. 

OHrAEOscijEO [kjS^ro-skoo'-ro], in painting, 

IV. 396. First of the Eoman masters to 
employ it, HI. 767, 1 b. 

CaiAVAEi [kya-vfi'-ro], town of Italy, IV. 396. 

OmAVEBSA, town of Italy, IV. 897. 

ChUehaetim, national deity of the Ohibchas, 
XII. 107, 3 c. 

Ghihckaa: see Mtiyscas. Ohibchas of Colom- 
bia, V. 88, 2 a, Spanish expedition against 
them, XVI. 759, 1 a. 

CW6«eio,firstnameofnalifas,N.S.,II,483, 3b. 

Chiea [che'-ka], fermented liquor of Ohili, IV. 
429, 1 a. 

OmoACOLE ; see Cioacole. 

Chicago [she-ka'-go], city of Illinois, IV. 397. 
Chicago before the fire (ill.), 398; after the 
fire (ill.), 407. Site, 897, 1 b. Population, 
2 c. Climate, 398, 1 a. Description, 2 a. 
Parks, 399, 1 ab. Railroads, 2 be. Com- 
merce, 400, 1 b. Government, 404, 1 a. 
Manufactures, 403, 3 a. Water supply, 3 b. 
Finances, 405, 1 ab. Education, 3 a. News- 
paper press, 406, 1 a. Art,&c., lb. Churches, 
1 c Iliatory, 2 ho. The great fire, 407, 1 c ; 

V. 237, 2 c, 

Chicago river, IV. 397, 1 be. 
Chicago wellg, artesian, I. 777, 1 b. 
Chio'ooet, plant, TV. 408 (ill,). Misture of 

coffee and chiccory, legalized article of 

traffic, 2 b. Adnlterationa, 3 c. 
CaicHEN, or Chichen ItzS [che-chain' eet-si'], 

ruined city of Mexico, IV. 408 (ill., 409). 



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192 



CHICHESTER 



Cmon'ESTER, city of England, IV. 409. Chiches- 
ter cathedral, 1 he (ill.)- 

Chiehimecs [ohe-ehe-meks'], Mexican tribe, XI. 
472, 1 b, ff. 

CniOKiiDEE'; see Blackcap, II, 676, 3 c. 

Chick ahoh'iky, river of Vii^nia, IV. 409. 
Battlea of the ; Williamsburg, 410, 1 c ; Han- 
over Court Honae, 411, 1 a; Seven Pines 
and Fair Oaks, 1 b ; MeohanicBville, 413, 
lab; Cold Harbor, 2 8; Savage's Station, 
414, 2 a; Trazier's farm, 415, 1 a; Malvern 
Hill, 2 c ; .second Cold Harbor, 416, 3 c. The 
"seven days' battles," 2 a. 

CHiOKiMAu'GA, Battle of, IV. 41 T. 

CniOKAHEE', red squirrel, IV. 418 (ill.). 

Chick'asaw, two counties, IV. 418. 

Chickasaw Bayou, Battle of, IV. 418. 

Chiosasaws, nation of Indians, IV, 418. 
Treaties with, 419, 1 c, fl, 

Chicken-'bTeasted : seeEicsETS, SIV. S34, 1 ab. 

Chicken Pos, disease, IV, 420. 

Chickkit Snake, IV, 420 (ill,), 

Chickeeimq, Jonas, American pianoforte inanu- 
faoturer, IV. 421. 

OmoLAHA [che-klfi'-na], town of Spain, IV. 421, 

Chicopee', town of Massachusetts, IV. 421. 

Onio'oBT : see Chiocort. 

Chioot [she'-ko], county, FV. 421. 

CnicOTTTiMi [she-koo-te-me'], county, IV. 421. 

Chicsoi, river: see TIaxfMAsiNTA. 

Chief, in heraldry, VIII. 672, 1 b. See plate. 

Chikei [ky3'-re], town of Italy, IV. 421. 

Chieaa delta Santa Casa [kya'-za del'-Ja s&n'- 
ta ki'-za], church in Loreto, X. 641, 2 a, 

Chibti [kya'-te], province of Italy ; see Annuz- 

ZO CiTERIOEE. 

Chieti, city of Italy, IV. 431. 

Chietinea [ke-a'-tins], order of, IV, 421, 3 e, 

Chiqi [k6'-je], Roman family, IV. 431. Chigi- 
Zondadavi branch, 2 o. Fahio, Pope Ales- 
ander VII., iJ>., and I. 280, 3 ab. Chigi 
palace and library, IV. 421, 3 o. Ghigi- 
Albani, Don Sigismondo, prince, 432, 1 a. 
Havio, papal nunpio, iJ, 

Cniao [che'-go], species of flea, IV. 423 (ill.). 

CnnniAinrA [che-w^'-wa], state trf Meaico, IV. 
433. Capital city, 3 b. 

Chiiblais, IV, 432. 

Child, Sir Josiah, English merchant, IV. 422. 
Observations on trade and the interest of 
money, SIII, 666, 1 bo. 

Child, Lydia Maria, American authoress, IV, 



433. 
Childbedfevf 



e PuEKPERAL Peter. 



Childbibth : see Obstetrics. 

CniLDEBBKT [sbll'-de-bert ; Fr. sheel-diih-bair], 

king of the Franks, IV, 423 ; I. 373, 3 c. 

Childebert II. and III, : see Bbdsehaui, and 

Merovingiaks. 
Childeric [shil'-de-rik], kinga of the Franks : 

see JtEKOVDjaiAKS, 
Childhood, period of, 1. 180, 2 c. 
Childbbs, John George, English electrician, 

IV. 423. 
Children of the Light: see Frilndb, VII. 493, 

2 ah. 

GMldrerCi aid eociety, New York, III. 177, 
1 ab J XII. 897, 2 ab. 

Ohildren'i/esUval, at Christmas, IV. 551, 1 ab. 

Children of the tun, in Gnosticism, VIII. 54, 2 c. 

Chile [che'-lft] : see Chili. 

Chili [chil'-e], republic of Sooth America, IV. 
423. Map, 434. Topography, 435, 1 a. 
Ilydrogi'aphy, 3 a. Islands, 3 c. Climate, 
426, 1 a. Earthquakes, 2 a. Geology, 2 c. 
Mines, 427, 1 b. Soil and productions, 3 b. 
Animals, 428, 1 a. Population, 2 a, Ee- 
ligion, 429, 1 ab. Education, 1 b. Agricul- 
ture, 1 c. Manufactures, 2 b. Commerce, 

3 c. Government, 430, 1 b. niatoj-y,431,2c. 
Chilian clover, S. 703, 2 a. 

Chilian mill, in gold mining, VHI. 84, 2 a. 
Chiliabm [kil'-e-asm] : see Mellensium, 
Ghiliasl : see Millensium. 
CMlha lake, India, II. 524, 1 ab. 
Chilli, fruit of capsicum, VIII. 379, 2 ab, 
OmLLiooTn'B, city of Ohio, IV. 433. 
ChUlieothe, county seat, X. 545, 2 a, 
Ohilues : see Oapsiotm, III. 761, 2 a. 
Chilunowoeth, "William, English divine and 

controversialist, IV. 433. 
Ohillon, Castle of [she-yo"], IV. 434. 
Chilk and fever, VII. 164, 2 c. 
ChilmaTee: see Ohilmabi, 
Chilmaki [chil-m&'-re], town of India, IV. 434. 
Cbilo [kl'-lo], one of the seven wise men of 

Greece, IV. 434, 
Ohiloe [che'-lo-S], province of Chili, IV. 4S4. 

Island, 435, 1 a. 
Chilognatha [ki-log'-na-tha], order of myria- 

poda, IV. 208, 1 be. 
Chihm, : see Chuo, 
Chilopoda, [ki-lop'-o-da], order of myriapoda, 

IV. 303, 1 c. 
Chilperic I. [shil'-pe-rik], king of Neustria : 

see Fbedeoonda and Beuhehaut. 
Chilperic II. : see Meeovinoiasb, XI. 412, 

Ibo. 



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CHILTERN 

Ohiltbbn Hundreds, district of England, TV. 

435. Stewardship of the, 1 a. 
GMlton, county aeat, III. 638, 2 c. 
Ohm-be*, [ki-me'-ro], in mythology, IV. 435 

031.). 
OHiMJ^Ei (ichthyology), IV. 435. See Bba 

Oat, XIV. Y27, 1 b (ill.)- 
ChimiBrce, in gem engraving, VII. 663, 2 he. 
Chimap'hii.a, drug, IV. 436. C. umbcHata, 

plant, 1 a. 0. maculata, ib. 
CmstiBi, or Khiniara[ko-nifl'-ra]: seeOsBAu- 

HIAM MODSTAINS, IV. 309, 1 8. 

Chimari [ke-mfi'-re] : see Chimaea (Index). 

Ohimat [she-ma], principality of Belginm, IV. 
436. 

OniMAT, Jeanne Marie Ignac^ThfirSae, princess 
of (Mme. Tallien), IV. 436. 

Chimborazo [choem-bo-rfi'-thoj, mountain of 
Ecuador, IV. 486 (ill.). 

Chimes, set of bella, TV. 437. 

Chiuset, IV. 437. Ignorance of in ancient 
times, 3 b. In deep mines, for ventilation, 
438, 1 b. Priiioiples of construction, 1 c. 
Smoky chimneys, 3 c. Tall chironeys, 439, 1 b. 

Chimney», the, precipices in Virpnia, II. 109, 
2 c ; VII. 480, 2 o. 

Chimney taalloie, European, XV. 498, 
American, 620, 1 c. 

Chimpan'zeb, a species of ape, IV. 439 (iU.). 

Ohimshtah.i, nation of Indians, IV. 440. 

Chm, found only m man, V. 176, 1 c. 

Chin Indians II 83, 3 h (Atoahs). 

CniKA, empire of Asia, IV. 440. (Map.) China 
proper, 3 b Coast line, 2 c. Topography, 
441, 1 b Elvers, 442, 2 a. Canals, 443, 
2 be Koada, 444, 3 a. Climate, 3 ab. Soils 
and productions, 445, 1 ab. Animals, 446, 
1 1 Jtmeral ri„sonrces, 3 a. Inhabitants, 
447, 1 c Domestic and social life, 448, 1 b. 
Population, 449, 1 c. Language, 450, 1 a. 
Agriculture, 1 b Manufactures, 3 ab. Com- 
merce,2o Money, 451,2c. Statisticsof for- 
eign trade, 452, 1 b. Emigration, 2 c. Educa- 
tion, 453, 3 a. Eeligion, 454, 1 c. Govern- 
ment, 453, 1 c. Laws, 456, 2 b. Military, 
457, 1 a. Great wall, 2 b {111., 458).— His- 
tory, 2 c. Introduction of Buddhism, 459, 
1 a. Christianity introduced, 1 b. First 
Mongol dynasty eatabliahed, 1 c; overthrown, 
ib. First Roman Catholic missionaries, ib. 
Present Mantohoo dynasty eatablished,2 ah. 
FirstProteatantmiaaionary, 3 c. The British 
obtain a foothold in China, 460, I a. Opium 
war, 2 a. Treaties with the United States 



CHINCHILLA 



193 



and France in 1844, 2 o. Precarious rela- 
tions with foreign states, ib. War with 
Great Britmi and France, 46 1 , 3 ab. Fruitless 
negotiations with Great Britain, France, and 
the United States, 3 c. Shameful treatment 
of an English flag of trace, 463, lb, 2 a. De- 
struction of the summer palace, 1 c. Im- 
proved relations with foreign, powers, 3 ab. 
Taiping rebellion, 2 b. Late Mohammedan 
rebellions, 464, 1 be. Mission of Mr. Bur- 
lingame, 3 ab. Outbreak againat foreigners 
in 1870, 3 bo. First recognition of interna- 
tional law by China, III. 460, 1 e. 

OHiNi, Language and 'Literature of, IV. 464. 
Colloquial language, 2 o. Book language, 
467, 2 ab. Literature, 470, 2 c. The Eing, 
or " Classics," 471, 1 c; the secondary clas- 
sics, 472, 2 h. Histories, 474, 2 be. Geogra- 
phy, 477, 2 a. Official repertories, 478, 1 o. 
Works on the constitution, 3 a. Catalogues, 
2 b. Novels, 2 o. Orthodox writers (phi- 
losophers), 479, 2 a. Worka on agriculture, 
480, 1 be. Medical treatises, 1 c. Astro- 
nomical and mathematical works, 3 b. As- 
trological works, 481, 1 c. Cyclopedias, 
2 a. Miscellaneons works, 2 c. Taouiat 
works, 482, 1 b. Poetry and polite litera- 
ture, 2 a. Individual collections, 2 b. An- 
thologies, 483, 1 a. Literary collectiona, 
2 b. Printing, 2 o. Sinology, 484, 1 o. 
■Dictionaries, 2 b. Grammars, 485, 1 ab. 
See iNDO-CtiisESB Races akd LiNsnAGEa. 

Chinab [che-nab'J : see Chenaub. 

China-blue style, in calico printing, HI. 597, 2 
ab. 

China, Dresden, XIH. 784, 3 b. SSvrea, 785, 
2 a; 786, 2 ab; 791, 1 c; 791,3 b. 

China grass, XIV. 195, 1 be. 

Chinampm, floating gardens of Mexico, VII. 
273, 2 e. 

Chinandeoa [che-n5n-da'-ga], town of Nicara- 
gua, IV. 485. 

China root, XV. 114, 1 a. 

CmsA Sea, IV. 485. 

Chika Ware: see Pottebt and Poboblain, 
XIII. 783, 1 e. 

Chincita lai.iNBa, Peru, IV. 486 (ill.). Guano 
workings (ill), 1 b. 

CHiHcnATOocHA [checn-cbi-ko'-cha], lake of 
Peru, IV. 486. 

CniNon Buo, IV. 486 (ill.); VIII. 629, 3 ab. 

Chinohil'la, animal, IV. 487. 0. lanigera, 
1 c (ill). C. brevicandata, ib. Its fur, VH. 
688, 3 b. 



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194 CHINCHILLA 

CHINCHIIJ.A [cheen-chs'-lya], city of Spain, IV. ' 

487. 
CMncougk: see WHoopran Couoh. 
ChM riblon [she-nii'], XIV. 309, 1 be. 
Chines dates, fruit, IS. 709, 2 b. 
ChinememigTaUon,m.m%\\x; IV.452,2o; 

VI. 577, 1 c. 
CUnegefowh, IV. 783, 1 ab. 
CUneae galls, XV. 4G3, 2 c (ill.). 
Chinese iTiJc: see India ink (Index). 
Chineae lac, II. 349, 2 c. 
Chinese queue : see HAm'cnooKiA, XI. 127, 1 a. 
Chinese wgar cane, XV. 170, 1 b (ill). 
Ohinsse Tartary : Bee Tubkibtan, XVI. 66, 2 a. 
Chivfse writing: see Alphabet, I. 848, 2 b, 

and China, Language and Literature of. 
CeiHG-KiNG : see SHiNO-Kiue. 
OniN&LEPtiT', town of British India, IV. 487. 
Ching-wang (Tsin-chi hwang-ti), emperor of 

China, builder of tlie great wall, IV. 459, 3 o. 
Chin-Isma, IV. 488; VI. 878, 3 b. 
Chinmreth, sea of [kin'-ner-etb] : see Gehhbs- 

OniBON [she-nO"'], town of France, IV. 488. 
UhiTKme [lii'-none], a volatile substance, X. 12, 

1 o. 
Chinooks, family of Indian tribes, IV. 488 ; 

VIL 360, 2 c; 361, 1 a. Chinook Jargon, 

IV. 488, 1 b. 
ChiB800'b4, town of British India, IV. 488. 
Cbimu.ra [chin-soo'-ra] : see CinNeooRA, 
Chiococcui [kl-o-kok'-kus], (botany). III, 550, 

1 0. 

CffloOQiA [kyod'-ja], seaport of Italy, IV. 488. 

Chionanthas Virginica [ki-o-Dan'-thus], (bota- 
ny), VII. 600, 2 a (iU.). 

Clivmvi [Id'-o-nis], (oraithology), XIV. 834, 2 a. 

Chios [ke'-os] : eee Scio. 

Chio^a [kyot'-aa] : see Chiogoia. 

Chip UtA, XV. 239, 2 ab. 

Chipmak, Nathaniel, American jurist, IV. 488. 
Daniel, jurist, 489, 1 b. 

Ohipmdite, ground squirrel, IV. 489 (ill.). 

CmppENfiAM [ohip'-num], borongb of England, 
IV. 489. 

Chip'pewa, river of Wisconsin, IV. 489. 

CmppEWA, three counties, IV. 490. 

Chippewa, village of Canada, IV. 490. Battle 
of, 1 be ; X. 802, 1 a. 

Chippewa City, county seat (now Montevideo), 
IV. 490, 1 b. 

CMppetca Falls, county seat, IV. 490, 1 h. 

Chippewas : see Ojibwats. 

CaiPPBWYABs: see Tinnb. In the Northwest 



OHIUSA 

territories, STL 503, 3 a. Origin of the 
name, IS. 787, 3 b (Ohipeweyan). 

Chiquimula [che-ke-moo'-la], department of 
Gaatemala, IV. 490. Chiquimula de la Sier- 
ra, capital, 2 a. Isthmus of, 3 ab. 

Chiquitob [che-ke'-toce], Indian tribe of South 
America, IV. 490; IIL 10, 2 b. 

OrnQniTOB, province of Bolivia, IV. 491. 

Chiragra [ki-ra'-gra], gout in the Lands, VIII, 
132, 2 a. 

Chiriguanea [ehe-re-gwS'-nace], tribe of S. 
American Indiana, SVI. 41, 1 ab, 3 a. 

CniBiQui [ohe-re-ke'], province of Panama, IV. 
491. River and lagoon, 2 b. Archipelago, 
mountdn, and desert, ii. 

Chirodota arena'ta [ki-ro-do'-ta], echiuoderm, 
SIV. 728, 2 a. 

Chibomanot [ki'-ro-man-ee], a method of for- 
tune telling, IV. 491, 

CmEOK [ki'-ronj, centaur, IV. 493. Referred 
to, I. 64, 2 a. 

Chir<mectes vwnega'tus [ki-ro-nek'-teez], (zool- 
ogy), XVI. 770, 1 c (iU.). 

Chiros'apher, the, sobriquet : see Bci.web, John, 
III. 433, 2 ab. 

Chirur'gery: see Sdhoeby. 

CniSAOO [che-saw'-go], county, IV. 492. 

Chisago City, county seat, IV. 493, 1 a. 

Chibholm, Caroline [cbiz'-nm], English philan- 
thropist, IV. 493. pied 1877.) 

CniswiOK [chiz'-ik], village of England, IV, 
493. Chiswick house, 1 ho. 

Chiton [ki'-ton], genus of marine animals, IV. 
493. 0. squaroosus and C. spinosus (ill.), 1 c. 

Chitoge [che-tore'], town of British India, IV. 
493. Pillar of rietory, 2 b (ill.). 

Cliitradurg [che-tra-doorg'J : see CnirrEL- 

Chittagaon: see CniTTAOONO. 

Chittaoowq', district of British India, IV. 494. 
Capital, 1 he. 

CMttagong fowls, IV. 780, 2 ab; 783, 2 c. 

Chiitbldroog', town of British India, IV. 494. 

OmiTENDEN, county, IV. 494. 

CniTTENDBN, Thomas, first governor of Ver- 
mont, IV. 494. Martin, judge and governor, 
495, 1 a. 

UhitCor: see Chitobe. 

Chitforgurh' : see Chitokb. 

Ohitty, Joseph, English lawyer, IV. 496. 

OnirsA [ku'-za], Italian word for a narrow 
mountain pass, IV. 495. Chiusa di Peaio [de 
pa'-ze-o], town of Italy, 1 c. Chiusa Scla- 
fani [skla-fS'-ne], town of Sicily, i6. 



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0HIU8I 

Chtosi [ku'-ze], city of Italy, IT. 495 (ill.). 

Chivatrt [sliiv'-al-re, or chiv'-], IV, 495. Its 
germs, 1 c. Formal establisbment of, 490, 
1 b. Training, 1 c. Knights and squires, 
3 a. Characteristics of knighthood, 497, 1 a. 
Decaj of chivalry, 3 c. 

China* [Fr. she-yas]: see Chivabso. 

CmvABSO [ke-vas'-Bo], city of Italy, IV. 498. 

Ohitet: see Onion, XII. 681, 2 b. 

Chladni, Ernst Florena Triedrich ['lilSd'-ne], 
German physicist, IV. 498. His nodal sound 
figures, I. 71, 2 b (il!.). Theory of meteoric 
showers, 143, 3 be. 

Cklamyd'era (ornithology). III. 166, 2 ab. 

0. maculata, 2 b. 0. nuchalis, 2 be. 
Chlamydoph'orus : see Oulamtphoeus. 
Chlamtph'ords, edentate mammal, IV. 498 

(ill.). 0. trnncatus, 3 b. 
Chlah'ts, Greek outer garment, IV. 499. 
Ohlopicki, J6aef ['hlo-pits'-ke], Polish general 

aud dictator, IV. 499. 
CuLo'jiAL, chemical compound, IV. 499. Its 

synonymes, 2 c. Preparation of, ib. Chloral 

hydrate as an aniesthetic and hypnotic, 500, 

2ab. 
Chloeal'um, chloride of aluminum, IV. 500 ; 

1. 869, la. As a disinfectant, VI. 134, 1 o. 
ChloTate qf potasea povtdere, VII. 88, 1 a. 
Oblogatbs, IV. 601 ; 502, 1 b. 

Chlokic Ethkg, IV. 501. 

Chloride of barium [klo'-rid], II. 313, 1 e. 

Chloride of calcium, X. 478, 1 he; 480, 1 
ab. 

ChUride of ethyl, I. 365, 3 a. 

Chloride ofgoU, VIII. 85, 1 c. 

Chloride of Zime, first prepared, II. 704, 1 b. 
Use of in bleaching, j6., and 706, 2 a. 

Chloride of nitrogen, VII. 88, 2 ab. 

Chlomm'btbt, IV. 501. 

Chlorination process, in gold refining, VIII. 
85, 1 0. Referred to, XI. 620, 2 a. 

Chlohisb [klo'-rin], gas, IV. 601. Its prep- 
aration, 2 a; character, 3 b. Bleaching 
properties, 502, I a; II. 704, 1 b, ff., 2 be; 
705, 2 ab. See Bleaosikq Powder. Sanitary 
and medical uses, IV. 502, 1 ab ; VI, 1.34, 1 a. 
Compounds of, IV. 503, 1 b. Lnminosity 
of flame increased by it, VII. 255, 1 c 

GMorU, one of the Horte, VIII. 816, 1 c. 

CnLo'KODYNB, name of secret preparations, 
IV. 503. 

Chloeoeorm, IV. 503. Synonymes, 1 c. Dis- 
covery of, J5.; X. 415, 2 o. Introductioa 
into medical practice, IV. 503, 3 c. Value 



CHOISEUL-GOUFFIER 



195 



as an anfesthetie, 503, 1 be. Preference of 

ether, 3 a. 
Chlorohydric acid: see IItdeochlobio Aoid. 
Chlorometer, invention of, VII. 653, 2 b. 
Chloko-ueth'ii, IV. 503. 
CnLo'soPHTL, green coloring matter in plants, 

IV.504; X.265,laand be, 367,2b; XIIl. 

581, 1 c ; II. 873, 1 be. 
Chloroplat'inatea ; see Platinum, XIII. 600, 

1 be 
Ohlobo'sis, disease, IV. 504. Medical treat- 
ment, 2 b. 
Chloro»'oma vema'lis (zoology), V. 114, 2 b. 
Chlaroaperms : see knax, I. 300, 3 b. 
ChloTOx'ylon Sieiete'nia (botany), XIV. 638, 

2ab. 
CHHtELNicKi, Bogdan ['hmyel-ayits'-ke], chief 

of revolted Cossacks, IV. 505. 
Gftoana [ko-a'-na], site of, X. 91, 2 bo (Khm). 
Choaspes [ko-as'-peez], river, IX, 823, 3 ab. 
OnoATE, Enfus [ohote], American lawyer, IV. 

505. 
Chociu ['Lo'-chim] : see Kuotin. 
Ohooo [cho'-fco], district of Colombia, IV. 50G. 

Bays, 3 c. 
Choo'olate, IV. 506. 
Chocolate com, XV. 170, 1 ab. 
Choctaw, two counties, IV. 506. 
CnocTAWs, Indian nation, IV. 506 (ill,, 507). 

Treaty of Hopewell, 507, 1 a; of Doak's 

Stand, 1 e. Government, 3 a. Language, 3 b. 
Ohodowieoki, Daniel Sikolaus ['ho-do-vjets'- 

ke], German painter and engraver, IV. 507. 

Wilhelm, engraver, 508, I a. 
Chobzko, Alexander Borejko ['hoj'-ko], Polish 

traveller, linguist, and poet, IV. 508. 
CnoDZKO, Jakob Leonard, Polish scholar, IV. 

508. 
Cn<ENis [ke'-nix], Greek dry measure, IV. 508. 
CniEKiura [k6'-re-Jus], Athenian tragic poet, 

IV. 608. Greek epic poet, 2 a. 
Chm'ropiM (zoology), II. 208, 2 be. 
Chogset, salt-water perch, XIIL 284, 1 b. 
Choi : see Khoi. 
CnoiN, Marie Emilie Joly de [zh&h-le dflli 

shwii°'], daughter-in-law of Louis XIV., IV, 

608. Louis Albert Joly de, French prelate, 

3 b. 
Choir religlom: see Sacked IIeabt, Ladies of 

the, XIV. 518, 2 ab. 
Ohoisecl, Etienne Francois, dnke de [sbwa- 

ziU], French statesman, IV. 508. Claude 

Antoine Gabriel, duke de, 509, 1 a. 
OuoisECL-GouFFiEB, Marie Gabriel Fiorent Au- 



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196 CHOISEUL-PBASLIN 

guste, count de [-goo-fya], Frenfili classical 
scholar, IV. 509. 

ClwiaeuhPraslin, duke de : see Peasun', XIII. 
804, 3 ab. 

Choist, rrangois TimolSon do [stwS-ze], 
French writer, IV. 509. 

OflOKB Damp, irrespirable gas, IV. 509. 

Choleate oftoda [ko'-le-ate], II. 634, 1 a. 

Chohie acid [ko-le'-ik], II. 634, 1 a. 

Cholbea [kol'-e-ra], disease, IV. 509. Varie- 
ties of, 2 b. Asiatic cholera, 510, 1 ah. Pe- 
riodica! epidemics in India, 1 b. Epidemic 
of 1833 in Great Britain and the United 
States, 511, 1 c. Nest 12-yearIy epidemic, 
2 b ; nest and latest, 2 c. Course of propa- 
gation, 512, 1 h. Precautiona and treat- 
ment, 2 a. Pathology, 513, 2 ab. 

Cholera infantum^ IV. 509, 2 c. 

Cholera morlms, IV. 509, 2 b. 

Cholbstbrisk [ko-les'-ter-in], non-nitrogenized 
organic sahstance, IV. 514; II. 633, 2 c, 
634, 1 h ; in. 186, 2 b. Ofiolesteriemia, IV. 
515, 1 6. 

Oholet [shi5h-la], town of France, IV. 515. 

Cholettea [shtlh-16t], fabrics of Cholet, IV. 
615, 1 a. 

GholiB acid [ko'-lik], II. 633, 2 c 

Chollet; seeCnoiET. 

CHOLTiti [oho-too'-la], town of Mexico, IV. 
515. Teocalii of, 1 c (iU.); I. 397, 3 b. 
Human saeriflces, IV. 616, 2 c. 

Chomel, AugQste Francois [shfih-mSI], French 
physician, IV. 515. 

Chonm [ko'-ne], medissval city, V. 110, 1 ab. 

ChondHne [kon'-drin], variety of gelatine, IV. 



41 ' 



, 1 ah; I. 



Chondrvi wispiM (botany), IV. 

299, S b (iii.). 
Chontal, Indian language, X. 340, 1 c. 
Ohontales [chone-t4'-lace], district of Nioora- 

gaa, IV. 516, Mines of, 1 b. 
Choomars, helot race of India, IX. 314, 2 a. 
Ohoorahg, helot race of India, IX. 214, 2 a. 
Chopin, Fr6d6rio Francois [shfih-pfi°*|, Polish 

pianist and composer, IV. 516. 
Chop'task River, IV. 616. 
Chopunnish, Nez Percys Indians, XII. 416, 

lb. 
Choragia, IV. 518, 2 b. See Ohoeagits. 
Choragic momimmit of LyderaUs, I. 655, 1 o; 

II. 61, 1 c. 
CnoBAGns [ko-ra'-gns], superintendent of music 

at Athens, IV. 517. At Oxford, XII. 763, 1 h. 
OUral dkont. IV. 365, 1 ah. 



CHRETIEN 



Ckoraamii, or Choraanjusini, tribe of, referred 
to, IX. 818, 2 b. 

Chord, in music, XH. T?, 1 b. Chords, 80, 1 b. 

Chord, of an arc, I. 640, 1 c. 

Chordeiles Virginia'nus [kor-di'-leez], (orni- 
thology), XII. 443, 2 ah (ill.). C. popetue, 
443, 1 b. 0. fnrcifer, VIII. 59, 1 a, 

Oborba [ko-re'-a] : see Saint Virus's Danoe. 

Chorea Saneti Johannis: see DEsioNOLoaT, V. 
796, 1 c. Chorea Saneti Viti, il. 

Chohis, Lonia pho'-ris], Russian painter and 
traveller, IV. 517. 

Odob'let, town of England, IV. 517. 

Choklet, Henry Fothergill, English musical 
critic and author, IV. 517. 

Ohorobates [ko-ro-ba'-teez], ancient lerelling 
instrument, XVI. 82, 2 a. 

Choroid membrane [ko'-roid], of the eye, VII. 
46, 1 a. Choroid gland or muscle, in fishes' 
eyes, 48, 1 a. 

Choroid pUximei, of the brain. III. 168, 3 b. 

Chobor, Alexandre fltienne [shiih-r6°'], French 
musician and author, IV. 518. 

Chobtis [ko'-rus], IV. 618. In tho Grecian 
drama, 1 b. In modern music, 2 b. 

Chose in Acrioif [shoze], in law, IV. 518 ; 
248, 1 c; II. 31, 1 h; X. 167, 1 ab; V. 755, 
2ab; IX. 86,1 a. 

Chossoes I. [kos'-ro-eez], the Just, king of 
Persia, IV. 519. Arch of, V. 543, 3 be. 
Cbosroes II., Parviz, IV. 619, 2 b. 

Chosroes, Parthian king, XHI. 136, 1 c. 

OnOTEAB [sho-to'], county, IV. 520. 

Chovan, Jean: see Ohottans. 

Cfioi«in)iem[shwan-re], body of French insur- 
gents, IV. 520, 2 b. 

CnouAKB [shwa°«], insurgent French peasants, 
IV. 520. 

Chouiar: see Oharbar. 

Chotioh [chuf], bird, IV. 521 (ill.). 

Choules, John Overton [choles], American 
clergyman, IV. 621. 

Choumerie, Col. [shoos-re], II. 582, 1 b. 

CnoxiTEAn, Anguste [ahoo-tO'J, American pio- 
neer, IV. 622. Pierre, 1 ab. Pierre (2d), 
1 c. P. Choutean, jr., firm name of a fur- 
trading company, 2 a. 

Chowan [cho-wftn'], county, IV. 522. 

Chowan Hter, SII. 489, 2 c. 

Chowringee, section of Calcutta, III. 572, I c. 

Chmry, a kind of brush, XVI. 762, 2 b. 

Chowmn: see Chusan. 

Chb6tien db Tboyes [kra-tyS"' dHh trwa], 
French poet, IV. 523. 



,y Google 



CHKIEMHILD 

Ckriemkild [kreem'-hilt], character in tlie 
Nibelungenlied, XIII. 419, 2 b. 

CHB13M, conaeorated ointment, IV. 623. 

Chrkmation, V. 333, 2 c. 

Ckri»m,(in, aioDogram of Christ, XI. 756, 1 o 
(ill.). 

Cheist, IV. 523. See Jesus Oheist. Hia 
personal character, IV. 531, 1 c; in its his- 
torical worth, 532, 3 c. His method of 
working, 534, 3 c— Dissensions in the an- 
cient church respecting his twofold nature ; 
see Aania and Aetanwm; Apollinaeians ; 
AnoPTiANi (the first in the western church) j 
Nestohius ; NESTOEiaHS, XII. 340, 3 a ; 
Sabbllians; Eutyches and Monophtbites ; 
Jacobites; Monotueutes ; Nioa, Councils 
of, XII. 433, 1 c ; Diohybitts of Alekas- 
iiKiA, Vr. 125, 1 c; lloMOotiaiiNB ; Hoso- 
«nrs, VIII. 800, 1 b. In the Abyssinian 
church, 1. 48, a b. See Trinity, XV. 869, 2 c. 

Christ, monogram of, XL 766, 1 e (ill.). 

Christ, Patsion »/, Durer'a woodcuts o^ only 
complete series, XIV. 840, 3 a. 

Chriat, Pictures of, IV. 5S3. In early Chris- 
tian ai-t, 1 b; XII. 795, 2 c. The most 
beautiful estant, IV. 628, 2 be. 

Chriat-Baum [kriat'-bowm], poem by Ilebel, 
IV. 651, 1 c. 

CHBiST'ciiBHcn, borough of England, IV. 523. 
Christehnrch bay, 2 c. 

CHEisTOKuacH, town of New Zealand, IV. 534. 

Christ ehureh, cathedral, rredericton, H". B., 
VII. 4fl6, 2 a (ill.). 

C'hrieC Church ealkge, Oxford, XII. 7e4, 3 a 
(Ul.); 766, 3 a. Chapel of (cathedral), 760, 
2ab. 

CnnisTiAs [krist'-yun], three counties, IV. 534. 

CamsTiAH, name of nine kings of Denmark, 
IV. 534. Christian II., 2 a. Christian IV., 
527, 1 a. Christian VII., 538, 3 a. Chris- 
tian Vlir,, 529, 1 a. Obriatian IX., 1 c. 

OHEKTiAjf, archbishop of Mentz, IV. 529. 

Christian, mutineer of the ship Bounty, XIII. 
648, 2 a. 

Christiana creei, Delaware, V. 770, 2 a ; XVI. 
647, 1 b, 648, 3 a, b. 

Christian Gatholict: see Old Catiiowcs, XII. 
611, 2 c. 

Christian Cicero, the, X. 87, 3 b. 

Christian, connection, sect of Baptists, II. 293, 
2 b. 

CnGiSTiAsiA [kria-te-A'-ae-a], province of Nor- 
way, IV. 529. Capital of Norway, 2 b. 
New storthing house (ill.), 530. 



CHEI8T0D0B 



197 



CHBisriANiTX [krist-yan'-e-te], IV. 530. lis 
nature, 2 a. Its founder, 531, 1 c. Histori- 
cal estimate of bis charaeter, 533, 3 e. The 
New Testament, 584, 1 a. Christ's method, 
1 c. His resurrection, 2 c. Early spread 
of Christianity, 635, 1 c. Its working, 3 a. 
Fii-st period, to the year 311, 3 ab. Second 
period, from Oonstantioe to Luther, 537, 1 e. 
Third period, from the reformation to the 
present, 539, 1 o. Its future, 544, 1 c. Ethics 
of, XI. 810, 2 a. 

CnBisTiArfs, or Christian Connection, sect, IV. 
545. 

CHEisriAsaAin>, province of Norway, IV. 545. 
Capital city, 646, 1 a. 

Chriatianahurg, county seat, SI. 786, 1 c. 

Christiansbwrg [kris'-te-^nss-boorg], duea! cas- 
tle, referred to, VI. 484, 1 a. 

Christian aloBes in Algiers, allusion to, I. 305, 



St. John, IV. 646. 

Chbistiahs of St. Thomas, IV. 546. 

CiiKiSTiArfsTAD [kris'-tc-fin-stit], town of Swe- 
den, IV. 546 ; view, 547. 

Cbristiassted, town of St, Orois, IV. 647. 

CnEisTiiusnSD [-soond], seaport of Norway, 
rV. 547. 

Chriatianua Democritus, pseudonyme, VI. 138, 
I a. 

Chbistina [kris-te'-na], queen of Spain : see 
JIaeia Oiikistina. 

CnnisTiNA, queen of Sweden, IV. 547. Char- 
acterization by Chanut, French ambassador, 
3 be. Assumes the sovereignty, 648, 1 h. 
Abdication, 549, 1 a Renunciation of Lu- 
theranism, 2 h. Murder of Monaldesehi, 2 o. 
Founds the Arcadian academy at Eonie, 550, 
lb. 

Ohristinat [kris-te-na], clergyman, benefactor 
of Agassiz, L 174, 2 a. 

Chriatinc 6gypta [kris-teen a-zheep-ta], daugh- 
ter of Lucien Bonaparte, III. 84, 2 o. 

ChrigtlcathoUhen [krist'-ka-to-le-ken], reli^ons 
association in Brealau, XII. 309, 3 b. 

CnEisTMAa [kris'-mas], IV. 550. Carols, 2 b. 
Festivities, 551, 1 a. Swedish tradition, 1 c. 
Christmas in England, 3 a ; in the United 
States, 553, 1 b. See IX. 636, 1 a. 

Cheistmab, Henry, English clergyman and 
author, IV. 552. 

Christmas lloch, IV. 551, 3 h. 

Ohriatmaa daiiiea, II. 38, 1 a (Astek). 

Chrintmaa rose (heUehore), VIII. 631, 1 he. 

Chriatodor, pseudonyme, II. 770, 1 be. 



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198 



CHEISTOMANIA 



Chriitomania, 5. 214, 2 ab (Lavateb). 
CHRiSTorHE, Henri [kris-taf], king of Hayti, 

IV. 552. 
CniiiaTOPHEE, duke of Wflrtemberg, IV. 562. 
CnmaTOPHEH, Saint, IV. 653. 
Ghrwtoph'mos, legend of, IV. 563, 1 c. 
Chhistopttlos, Atianasios [kris-top'-oo-los], 

modem Greek poet, IV. 653. 
Chbist's Hospital (Blue Coat school), London, 

IV. 653 (ill., 554). Branch hospitaJ, 554, 

la. 
Ghrodegang of Metz, founder of a monastic 

order, XI. 730, 1 a. 
Ohroieoeepftalus [kro-e-ko-sef-a-lus], (omitLol- 

ogj), VIII. 319, 3 h. C. atricilla, ib. 0. 

Bonaparte!, ib. 
Gkrtncolytm [fcro-ik'-o-litM], class of minerals, 

XI. 590, 1 c. 
Chro'Ttiate qf diasobenzole, VII. 39, 3 ab. 
GhTmaaten, IV. 555, 2 ab. Uses o^ 556, 1 b. 
Cltromat'iii Serration, I. 66, 1 a. 
Uhfvmatie potariaation,, S. 450, 3 ab. 
Chromatic scale, in music, I. 70, 1 c. 
Cheomatios, IV. 554. 
Ghrome alum, IV. 55G, 1 a; XV. 454, 1 a. 
CfvrOTHe green, IV. 556, 1 b. 
GJirome ironstone, IV, 555, 1 c. 
GliTorae ateel, XV. 357, 2 a. See IV. 556, 1 b. 
Gkromio acid, how obtained, IV. 566, 2 a. 

As an oxidizing agent, 560, 1 ab. As an 

antiseptic, XII. 61, 1 bo. 
Chromic anhydride [an-hi'-drid] t see Chromic 

acid (Index). 
Ckromie incide, green pigment, IV, 556, 1 a. 
CHEOHima, metal, IV. 554. Oxides of, 605, 

1 a. Obromates, 555, 3 a. Sulpbates of 

chrominm, 2 c. Applications in the arts, 

55G, 1 a. Chromium steel, 1 be: see 5V. 

357, 3 a. 
ChTomo-lithography, X. 537, 2 c. 
Chromo^Ure, of the son, XV. 473, 2 a. 
Chromotijit copies, by the Arundel society, I. 

798, 2 c. 
" Chronicle, The," a Boston political newspa- 
per, I. 05, 1 o. 
Chronicle of the Eings of the lale of Britain, 

IV. 179, 1 c. 
Cbbosiolbs, books of the Old Testament, IV. 

556. 
Chromeles of Axum, I. 4S, 1 b. 
Chtonicon, of Julius Africanus, I, 171, 2 a. 
Chroaieon Corbeiense, mediEBval history, X. 

47, 2 c. 
Cb/fonograph, of a velocimeter, XVI. 285, 3 a; 



CHEYSOSTOM 

386, 2 a (ill., 385). Ilipp'a chronograph, VI. 

489, 3 a. 
Chbonoloot, IV. 566. Measures of time, 2 c. 

Earliest epochs, 657, 1 c. Olympiads, si. 

Babylonian era, 3 b ; Mohammedan and 

Peraian eras, 2 c; Armenian, Hindoo, and 

Chinese, 558, 1 a ; Jewish and Knesian, 1 be; 

Christian, 1 e. Era of the creation, 3 b. 

Materials for the chronologist, 669, 3 b. 

Aid of astronomy, 3 c. Bibliography, 560, 

Ibc. 
OnsoNOMETBB : see Clocks AND Watches, IV. 

702, 3 b; 708, 1 c, 2 a (ills.). Invention of, 

X. 627, 2 be. 
Chronometer^ of a velocimeter, XVI. 386, 1 a. 
OnECDiM ['hroo'-dim], town of Bohemia, IV. 

560. 
CmiYs'ALis, in entomology, IV. 660 (ill.). 
ChTymn'themwm leucan'themum (botany), V. 

638, 3 a (ill.). 
ChhtskHs [kri-se'-is], in the Iliad, IV. 561. 
ChrymlephanUne sculpture [kris-el-e-fan'-tinj, 

XIV. 716,1b; XIII. 387, 3 c. 
Chrpt'emis pic'ta (zoOlogy), XV. 811, 2 be (ill.). 
Ghryie'va (zodlogy), VI. 178, 3 o. 0. primte- 

vuB, 179, 1 a. C. soylax, ib. C. Oeylonicua, 

ib. C. Anstralasire, 1 o. 0. authus, ib. C 

jabatus, 2 a. 
CnRTSip'pDs, Greek pliilosopher, IV. 561. 
Ghrys'Wsfarm, battle of, IV. 334, 3 b. 
OiiRYBOBEaYL [kris'-o-b6r-il], gem, IV. 661. 
Ohrysoehlo'Tis (zoOlogy), XL 705, 1 be ; 709, 

1 a. C. capensis, iS. 
Chryf/ocolla, mineral, V. 319, 1 c. 
Cheys'olite, mineral, IV. 561. Oriental, I e. 
CHRYsoLo'KAiS, Manuel, Greek scholar, IV. 561 . 

His Erotemata, introduction to Greek gA'am- 

mar, 2 b. John, his nephew, 2 c. 
Ghryso-mi'tri* Ms'tis (ornithology), XVI. 779, 

1 bo (iii.). 
Chryaophan'ic acid, XIV. 304, 2 be. 
Chrysop'olii, ancient town, XIV, 725, 1 a. 
Chry'sopa (entomology), VI. 120, 3 ab; VII. 

551, 1 a. C. cfecutiens, 1 ab. C. ferrugatus, 

1 b. C. vittatus, *5. 
Chryiop'ylcK, or Golden Gate, strait, California, 

ni. 600, 2 bo. 
Cltrysor'Thoaa : see Damasoenb^ John. 
Chrysorrhoaa, rirer : see Babada. 
CHHYBOeTOM, John [kris'-us-tum ; more cor- 
rectly, kris-os'-tum], a father of the church, 

IV. 561. A successful lawyer, 663, 1 a. Six 

years of asceticism, 1 b. Made archbishop 

of Constantinople, 3 a. Popularity with the 



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CHRYSOTIS 

people, 2 c ; unpopularity with, the conrt 
and clergy, 663, 1 a. Denunciation of the 
empress Eudosia, 1 h. Deposition of 13 bish- 
ops for simony and immorality, 1 c. Tried 
and deposed, 2 a. Exiled to Niciea, 2 b; re- 
called, a. Again condemnsd and exited, 2 c. 
Banished to a. remote desort, 564, 1 ab. Per- 
islies with fatigue and exposure on the way, 

1 b. Bihliograpliy, 16. 

Chry»'otu (ornithology), XIII. 128, 2 b. C. 
Amazonicus, 2 be. 0. festivus, 3 c. 

C'hrystie, experiment of respecting glacial mo- 
tion, VII. 830, 1 b. 

Ohbzanowsei, Adalbert ['lizh4-nov'-ske], Po- 
lish general, IV. 564. 

Ohoapa [cliwfi'-pa], rirer of Chili, IV. 564. 

Ohbb, fish, IV. 564; ill., 565. 

Cbubb, Thomas, English tieologica! writer, 
IV. 565. 

ChuWs loch, X. 563, 1 b (ill.). 

GAneJc, in turning, XVI. 73, 2 b ; 74, 1 a, 2 a. 

CnnjoK Will's Widow r see Goatsucker. 

CHtrcnrro [choo-kwe'-to], province of Peru, IV. 
535. Capital, 2 a. 

Ghwyayto: see OmrcniTO. 

CHnBLEiftH [chttd'-le], town of England, IV. 
565. 

Okudleigh, Elisaheth, ducheas of Kingston, 
X. 11, 1 a. 

Ghulm ['hoolm], country of, VIII. 704, 1 be. 

Chulo [choo'-Io], in bnll flght. III. 426, 1 b. 

OunMBCL [cli(im-bi51'], river of Hindoatan, IV. 
565. 

Chunam [ehoo-nam'], ahard plaster, IV. 791, Ic. 

Chunab', town and fortress of India, IV. 565. 

Ghunargwrh' : see Cuunar. 

Chcnd, Hindoo poet, IV. 565. 

Chunda Sahib, nabob of the Camatic, IV. 693, 

CAunderee: see CnENDAREi;. 

Ghunder Sen, Hindoo religious reformer, XI. 

647, 1 c. 
Okuni [koo'-ni], (Huns), IX. 67, 1 c. 
Chun&head, snake, V. 331, 1 a. 
Oh-uno [choo'-nyo], species of potato, X. 158, 

2 c. 

Ohop'ea, town of British India, IV. 566. 

CniriioiaACA [ohoo-ke-sa'-ka], department of 
Bolivia, IV. 566. Capital: see Sucre. 

Ghitquito [choo-ke'-to] : see Chucuito. 

Char ['hoor] : see Coire. 

Chukoh, collective body of Christians, IV. 666. 
Edifice for public worship, 2 a. Church 
and state, relation of: see OnEisTiANiTT, 



CIALDINI 



199 



IV, 530, 2 c; 538, I a; 543, 2 c; 544, 1 ab. 

Use of images in the early church ; see 

Iconoclasts. 
Oecboh, Benjamin, American soldier, IV. 566. 
Chuboh, Benjamin, American physician, IV. 

666. 
Chueoh, Fathers of the, IV. 667. 
CflDBcii, Frederick Edwin, American painter, 

IV. 567. 
Church, Col. George, engineer, referred to, 

III. 15, 1 a. 

CnCEcn, John Hubbard, American clergyman, 

IV. 567. 

CnuKOH, Sir Richard, commander in the Greek 

war of independence, IV. 507. 
Church of the Aug»burg Confession : see Lu- 

TnEBAN CncBcn, X. 731, 1 ab. 
Church of Chriit, sect, VI. 132, 1 a. 
Church OF Enoianb: see Ebgland, Church of. 
Church of God : see Wihbbeenkee. 
Church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem, IX. 

615, 2 0; ill., 616. 
Church of the Natkiity, Bethlehem, II. 594, 

2 c ; ill., 595. 
Chueoh'ill, county, IV. 568. 
Churchill, river of British America, IV. 568. 
Ghurchill, Arabella, sister of the duke of 

Marlborough, II. 586, 3 ab. 
OnuEcniLL, Charles, English poet, IV. 568. 
Chwrchill, Dr., on the Cesarean operation. III. 

544, 2 c. 
CnUEoniLL, John ; see MAsLnOEOuon, Duke of. 
Churohmas', William H., superintendent of in- 
stitutions for the blind, IV. 568. 
Chceoh Rate, IV. 569. 
■Church aesai&n, in the Presbyterian church, 

VI. 495, 1 bo ; STII. 809, 1 b. 
Churh : see Anolo-Sasons, I. 49S, 2 0. 
OnuEF, IV. 509. Dash churn, 1 be ; III. 494, 

1 bo. Swing chum, IV. 569, 1 c ; HI. 494, 2 a. 
Chubruca y Eloeza, Cosme Damian de [choor- 

roo'-ka e a-iore'-tha], Spanish naval officer, 

IV. 569. 
Chur'Tiit, resinous exudation from hemp, VIII. 



CiiURUBusco [ohoo-roo-boos'-ko], village of 

Mexico, IV. 569. Battle of, 2 0. 
Chtjsan [ehoo-s&n'], group of islands, China, 

IV. 570. 
Chile [kite], IV. 570 ; X, 750, 1 ab ; XIII, 35, 

2 a. 
Chyme, IV. 570. 
CiALDiNi, Enrico [ch&l-do'-ne], Italian soldier, 

IV. 570. 



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CiBAO [s«-ba'-o], roomitaiiirinKe of Hnti, IV- 
571. 

OiBBEB, Cains Gabriel, English sculptor, IV. 
571. Colley, poet and dramatist, 2 a ; sub- 
stitution of for Theobild in tbe Dunciad, 
Xin. 710, 1 c, XVI 448, 1 be Theophi- 
lus, actor and author, 3 b Susannali Maria, 
actress, 3 c. 

CtBOT, Fracpoia Bartlifilemy Micbel fidouard 
[as-b5], Frenoh painter, IV. 571. 

CiBOT, Pierre Martial, Jesuit missionary, IV. 
573. 

CiBBABio, Luigi [che-br&'-re-o], Italian states- 
man and historian, IV. 572. 

(Mua deorum (food of tlie gods), I. 803, 1 e. 

Cicacolk', town, fort, and cantonment of 
British India, IV. 572. 

Cica'da (entomology), VIII. 501, 1 ab. C. 
septendeoim, 2 a (ill.). 0. canicularis, 602, 
2 a. 0. plebeia, 2 c (ill.). C. orni, jS. (ill.). 

Ckatrii^ula, in the impregnated ovum, VI. 
450, 2 e, and 561, 3 c. 

CifceT arieU'nuin (botany), XIII. 203, 1 c. 

CiCEEO, Marcus Tullius, Roman orator, states- 
man, and philosopher, IV. 573. Hia char- 
acter, 578, 1 c. His works, 3 b, ff. As an 
orator and writer, X, 195, 1 be. His con- 
tempt of merchants and artisans, XIII. 663, 

1 0. rriendship for Roseius, XIV. 433, 1 c. 
Cieero, body of type, XVI. 93, 2 be. 

Cicero of Portugal, XII. 721, 3 b. 

" dceromanvf,''' IV. 673, 2 c. 

" Cicmmimu," IV. 673, 2 c. 

OMo'Hum in'tylvs (botany), IV. 408, 1 c (ill.). 

Cieinnurut re'giui [sis-in-nu'-rus], (ornitholo- 
gy), n. 661, 1 b (ill., 660). 

CiooONA, Emmannele Antonio [che-to'-nya], 
Italian historian, IV. 577. 

Cico'nia (ornithology), XV. 403, 2 a. C. alba, 

2 b (ill.). 

Oion'Ti, geaus of plants, IV. 577. 0. macu- 

lata, 1 a. C. virosa, iS. 
CiD, The, or Cid Campeador [Sp. theefA kSm- 

pa-a-tAore'], Spanish hero, IV. 577. Re- 
ferred to, ni. 449, 1 c. 
Cider, IV. 578. Older mill, 1 o (ill.). Cider 

press, 2 a (ill.)- 
CiESTOKoos [se-ain-fwa'-goce], city of Cuba, 

IV- 578. 
OiBNFUBGOS, Nicasio Alvarez de, Spanish poet 

and dramatist, IV. 578. 
CiBZA [the-a'-tha], town of Spain, IV. 579. 
CiOAE [se-gar^, IV- 579. Tobacco for cigars, 

1 ab. Manufacture of, in Cuba, 2a; in the 



CINCHONIC 

Philippines, 3 b ; in the United States, 2 o. 

Consumption of, 680, 1 b. 
Ciga/r boat, steamer, HI. 445, 2 a. 
Cigarettet [se -gar-rots'], paper for, I- 367, 1 a. 
Cigarrito [se-gar-re'-to], small cigar, IV. 679, 

1 ab. 

CiONAtfi, Carlo [che-nyfl'-ne], Italian painter, 
IV. 580. 

CiGNAEOti, Giovanni Bettino [che-ny^-ro'-le], 
Italian painter, IV. 580. 

Cigoli [cbo'-go-le] : see Casdi, Lndovico. 

OiLiA, hair-like processes, IV. 580. In micro- 
scopical animalcules, I c; inthe lower plants, 
2b; in the highfer animals, 3 c- See Ani- 
MALciiLBS, I- 614, 1 o, 2 0, and 517, 1 b; 
CmmpEDEfl, IV. 613, 1 c. 

CiliaTy circle, of the eye, VH. 46, 1 ab. 
Ciliary processes, 1 b. Ciliary ganglion, 
47, 2 a. 

CiLioiA [se-lisli'-a], ancient division of Asia 
Minor, IV. 681. 

Cilician gates, mountain pass, XV. 586, 1 b. 

Cilwbranchiata, moss animals, IH. 373, 1 c. 

Oilli : see Cilly. 

C11J.Y [tsil'-le], town of Austria, IV. 581. 

CiMABtTK, Giovanni [che-ma-boo'-d], " lallier 
of modem painting," IV. 581. 

CiMAKOsA, Domenico [che-ma-ro'-za], Italian 
composer, IV. 683, 

Cimarron, [ae-mar-rone']. New Mexico : sea 
ElizdbethtoVin, county seats (Index). 

Gimiex ulmi (entomology), XIV- 653, 3 e (ill-). 

OiMBKi, ancient people, IV. 682 ; VII. 737, 

2 ab. Their defeat and extermination, IV. 
583, 1 ab ; XI. 173, 1 c. 

Cimlric Botporua, IV. 381, 3 b. 
Cimbric Cherson^e, IV. 381, 2b; IX. 730, 1 
(H'mex kctuMriue, bed bug, VI. 696, 2 c (ill.). 
Cimicif'oqa (botany), IV. 583. C. racemes 

iS., and V. 22, 3 bo. 
dmieifugine [sim-e-sif'-a-jin], rosin, V. 23, 1 
Cimmerian Botporvt, HI. 113, 1 c ; IV. 583, 3 
OiMMEHir [aim-mfi'-re-!], ancient nomadic rac 

IV- 583 ; VIII. 96, 2 a. 
CiMON, Atbenian general and statesman, FV. 

583. Peace of, VIII. 191, 1 0; IV. 584, 1 c. 
CiNALOA : see Sinaloa. 
CiKOHOHA [sin-ko'-na], Peruvian or Jesuits' 

bark, IV. 684. Species and varieties of, 

3 e- C. caiisaya, tb., and 585, 3 a (ill.). 
False barks, 685, 1 a. Alkaloids of, 3 c. 
Their medicinal uses, 686, 2 e. 

Cinchonia, alkaloid, IV. 586, 2 b; 687, 1 b. 
Gindumy: acid : see Ejnic Aom. 



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CINCHONIOIA 

Cinchonida, alkaloid, IV. 586, 3 bo. 
Cinclionidia, alkaloid, IV". 586, 2 b. 
Cineim [sia'-sin], alkaloid, IV. 685, 2 c 
CiHcaHNATi [sin-sin-nat'-o], citj of Ohio, IV. 

687; view, 588. Site, 587, 1 c. Eavirons, 588,- 

2 a. Population, 3 o. Description, 589, 1 a. 

Parke and public grounds, 2 a. Tyler David- 

Hon fountMD, 2 c (iU,). Bridges, 590, 1 ab. 

Public buildinga, 3 be. Raili-oads, 591, 1 c. 

Commerce, 2 o. ManuEacturea, B92, 1 a. 

Government, 593, 2 a. Water supply, 2 b. 

Finances, 3 c Charitable institutions, 694, 

1 a. Education, 2 b. Libraries, societies, 

and associations, 596, 1 be. Places of amuse- 
ment, 2 c. Newspapers, &c., ib. Church 

edifices, ib. History, 68fi, 1 a. 
Cincinnati, Society of the, IV. 696. Badge, 

Oil.). 
Cincinnati arch or anticlinal (geology), XII. 

591, 2 b. 
Cincinnati group, in geology, X. 252, 3 a. 
CiNciHNATns, Lucius Quintius, Eoraaa senator 

and dictator, IV. 597. 
Ginelo'deg (ornithology), 511. 745, 3 a. 
Cinclua (oi'nithology), XII. 744, 1 c. C. Ameri- 

canus, 3 a. C. aquaticus, lA. 
Cinder, or slag, in metallurgy, XI. 426, 1 c. 

Rich and poor cinder in steel making, XV. 

358, 1 e. Puddling cinder, IX. 400, 2 ab. 

Forge and mill cinders, 411, 3 c. 
Cinder pig, in iron manufacture, IX. 400, 3 b. 
Cin'kas, ministerof PjrrhusofEpirns, IV. 598. 
Cingahae', inhabitants of Ceylon, IV. 220, 2 be 

(ill., 231) ; IX. 213, 2 c, 214, 2 be. 
CiNOALESE Lasgiiaok, IV. 598; IX. 331, 3 b. 

IJteratnre, IV. 598, 3 c 
CiNNA, Lucius Cornelius, Roman consul, IV.599. 
CiNHABAH, ore of mercury, IV. 599. Artificial, 

600, 1 a. Brunner's process, 1 be. 
Cinnamomum cassia (botany), IV. 63, 2 a (ill.) ; 

601, 1 ah. C. Oeylonioum, II. 314. 1 be. 
OlNKAMON, bark, IV. 600. Cinnamon tree, 1 e 

(ill.) ; II. 814, 1 c. Uses of 



Cinnamon Stone, variety of garnet, IV. 601 ; 

VIL 625, 1 be. 
OiNO DA PisTojA [che'-no dft pis-to'-ya], Italian 

poet and jurist, IV. 601. 
Cinq-Mars, Henri Coiffier de Ruz&, marquis 

[sS°'-marce], French conspirator, IV. 601 ; 

S!V. 318, 1 a. 
Cinque cento [ehing'-kwa chen'-to], in arohitec- 

ture, I. 664, 3 be ; in literature and art, IX. 

481, 1 b. 



CmcUMOELLIONES 



201 



CiNQCB Ports [sink], o.hannel ports of England, 
IV. 601. Lord warden of the, 3 be. Barons 
of the, 2 c. 

Cw'tha, town of Portugal, IV. 601. Penha 
convent, 603, 1 a (ill.). Convention of, ih. 
Beckford's palace at, II. 443, 3 c. 

CioNE, Andrea di [oho'-na] : see Orcagna. 

CioTAT, La [IS se-0-t£l], seaport of France, IV. 
602. 

Cipher, in numeral notation, IV. 602. Inter- 
weaving of initial letters m a significant de- 
vice, 1 c. Artist's monogram 3 a Disguised 
writing, ib. Modern use of cipher writing, 
2 b. 

Cippua Abellanui, ancient brasa tablet with 
Oscan inscription, IX 440, 1 ab 

Circoi'a Luteliana (botany), XIL 446, 3 ab. 

OnicAES, Northern [seer-karz'], old division in 
British India, IV. 602. 

OiBCASSLA, region of European Eussia, IV. 603. 
Circassians, 2 a (ill.). Social grades and cna- 
toma, 3 e. Slave trade, 604, 1 c. Religion, 
2 b. Language, 2 c. History, 605, 1 a. 

OiKOB [sur'-se], mythical sorceress, IV. 605. 

CiEOEii [aur-se'-yi], ancient city of Latiam, IV. 



CiRCENSiAN Games, in the Roman c 



^IV. 



Circle, IV. 606. See Qcadrant, XIV. 122, I a. 

Circle parry, in fencing, VII. 131, 1 b. 

Oirele of Clloa, or white rainbow, VIII. 406, 
la. 

Circle of Willie, in anatomy, I. 458, 2 b. 

Circlet, Fenian, VII. 125, 1 a, b. 

OiROLBViLLB, oity of Ohio, IV. 606. 

CiROniTB, of courts, IV. 606. 

CircuiU, Methodist, XI. 451, 2 b. 

CisciJLAB MiBAsuHK, IV. 606. Circular min- 
utes and seconds, bow marked, 3 a. Minutes 
and seconds of time, ib. 

Circular gyatem, in fortification, VII. 329, 2 o. 

CiKOOLATiso Memcm : see Monet. 

CiROtTLATiON, of the blood, IV. 606. Structure 
of the heart, 3 b. Course of circulation, 2 c. 
Harvey's discoveries, 607, 1 b. Action of 
the heart, 1 a. Movement in the arteries, 
3 c; in the capillaries, 608, 2 bo; in the 
veins, 609, 1 c. Variations of circulation, 
2 c. General rapidity of circulation, 610, 
1 b. Time required, 1 c. Principle of the 
circulation of the blood foreshadowed : see 
Oecco d'Ascoli, IV. 168, 2 a. 

CiEonHOELLio'NES, anclent fanatics, IV. 610 ; 
VI. 308, 1 c, 2 8. 



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202 CIEOUMCIsrOH" 

CiRCTTMOisTOK, IV, 610. In tho Abyssinian 
church, 2 c; I. 48, 2 c. Practised hj the 
Bechnanas, 11. 4S8, 1 c ; by the Feejees, 
vn. lia, 1 e. 

Cirewmjlexui palati (anatomy), XII. 817, 2 a. 

CmOCMHATIOATlOH, IV. 611. 

Oireumvatlatwn : see Siese, SV. 37, 1 a; 

28, 2 b. 
CiBOBS, Eoman, IV. 611. Circus maximnB, 

1 be; other circuses, 2 a. Modern circuses, 2 b. 
Circus (ornitiiologr), VIII. 475, 2 b. 0. Hud- 

soains, 2 c. C. cjanens, 476, 1 be (ill.). 

Other species, iS. 
CiEEifOEaTEB [sis'-es-ter], town of England, IV. 

611. 
Cireferdue [seer pair-dn], (waste was), use in 

modelling, 11. 354, 3 a. 
CnatLo, Domenico [che-reel'-lo], Italian repub- 
lican and naturalist, IV. 612. 
Cia-rhop'oda: see Oiebipehes. 
Ovrrho'm, degeneration of the liver, X. 5S8, 

1 c; VI. 266, lb. 
OiEBiPBDBa [sir'-re-poods ; Lat. air-rip'-e-deez], 

crnstaoeanB, IV. 613 (ill.). 
Cir'sium (botany), XV. 713, 2 a. 
CiETA [snr'-ta], ancient city of Nnmidia, IV. 

612. 
Cisalpine Repubuc [sis-al'-pin], IV. 612 ; HI. 

39, 2 a; IX. 461, 1 ab. 
Cisleiihan Austria [sis-li'-than] r see Cislei- 

Cisleitha'nia, part of the Austro-Hangarian 
monarchy, IV. 618. 

Cia'pADAHB Republic, IV. 613. 

Cisplatina [sis-plft-te'-na], former Brazilian 
province, XVI. 228, 1 c. 

C1S8ET, Ernest Louis Octavo Conrtot do [dtlh 
sees-B5], French soldier, IV. 613. 

Ciaiia: see Sttsiana. 

Gissoid, in analytical geometry, I. 456, 1 b. 

CiBTBBOiAMS, IV. 613 ; XI. 730, 1 b. Cister- 
cian monk Ql\.), IV. 613. 

GuPudo Blandingii (zoology), XV. 811, 2 a. 
0. Virginea, clansa, or Carolina, 813, 1 c (ill.). 

Citadel: see Fobtificatios, VII. 330, 1 ab. 

CirBAUs [se-to], haralet of France, and Cister- 
cian abbey, IV. 614. 

0iTHa:'B0ij, range of mountains in Greece, IV. 
614; II. 94, 1 b. Cithwronianlion,rV. 614, 1 c. 

ath'ara : see Lthe, X. 769, 3 h. 

dtiet ofrrfuge, Vin. 584, 2 be. 

CTfiMWl [sish'-e-nm]: see Lahnaka. 

CmzEN, IV. 614. Law of citizenship, 3 a. 

Citoyen [se-twa-ya"'] : see Monsieob. 



CIVIL 



Cit'rate of lime, IV. 615, 1 a. 

X. 853, 1 bo, c. Of potash, XIII. 764, 1 a. 
Citbio Acid, IV. 614. Adulteration of, 616, 

1 c ; how detected, *i, 
.CiTBOS, fruit, IV. 615. Citron tree, 2 a (ill). 

Green citron melon. SI. 373, 1 ab (ill.). 

Citron watermelon, 374, 1 c (ill.). 
GitrimeUe [sit-ro-nel'j, grass, VIII. 1G7, 2 ab. 
CitTullvi eoloeynihis (botany), V. 81, 9 a (ill.). 

C. vulgaris, XL 373, 2 be (ills.) ; 372, 1 be. 
Ci'lnim, ancient town, XIV. 108, 1 b (Pydna). 
Citrus, town : see Citbtim. 
Cifrug (botany), XII. 661, 2 c; 663, 1 a. 0. 

anrantium, 661, 3 b (ill.). 0. deliciosa, 663, 

1 c. 0. margarita, II. 655, 2 a (iU.). C. 

medica, IV. 616, 3 a (ill); referred to, X. 

336, 1 c, XII. 662-, 1 c. C. limoninm, X. 

836, 1 be. C. limctta, lima, or acida, 480, 

1 c. C. decumana, XIV. 808, 1 a, c (ill). 
Cittd Leonina, [cheet-ta' la-o-ne'-na] : sec 

Leokthb Oitt. 
CittA Natahile f-he'-lS] : see CittI VECraiA. 
CittaVboohia [vek'-kya], city of Malta, IV. 616. 
aty: see Town, XV. 828, 3 a. 
a^), the (London), X. 591, 1 0; 612, i ab. 
City ofUngi (Oashel), IV. 53, 3 c. 
City of fhe plague (Astrabad), II. 41, 3 c. 
City road, Loadoa, X. 693, 1 be. 
Giudad Boliiia/r [thn-(M!A' bo-le'-var] ; see 

Angostcea (city). 
CnroAD Beal [rSr-fil'] : see San Ceist^bal, 
CirriJAD Real, province of Spain, IV. 616. 

Capital city, 1 c. 
OiuDAD EoDiHGO [ro-iAre'-go], town of Spain, 

IV. 616. 
Cites: see Osios, XII. 631, 2 b (ill). 
Civ'et, digitigrade mammal, IV. 617 (ill). 

Civet cat, 3 bo (ill). 
CiviALE, Jean [se-vjal], Frencli surgeon, IV. 

617. 
Gividale del Friuli [ehe-ve-da'-la del fre-oo'- 

le] : see Fjuuli. 
Civil freedom in England, its foundation in a 

clause of the Magna Charta, V. 151, 2 a. 
Civi'lis, Claudius, Batavian leader, IV. 626 ; 

Xn. 346, 3 a. 
Cimlisation, Buckle's theory of the causes of 

its progrew, III. 389, 1 c. 
Civil Law, IV. 618. Roman law, 1 b ; first 

period, 3 e; second, 619, 3 a; third, 620, 

2 a ; fourth, 621, 3 c. Valentinian's law of 
quotation, 623, 1 c. Constitutions of the 
emperors, 2 a. Germano-Eoman laws, 3 c. 
Justinian's colleetionB, 633, 1 be. The Pan- 



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orviL 

dects, 2 a; maoner of citing tliem, G24, 1 c. 

The Basilica, 625, 1 ab. Revival of the 

study of the Roman law, 1 b. 
Cinil liberty, English, progress of, VI. 621, 1 e. 
Civil »uiU, proceediDgs in, XIV. 25, 1 ab. 
Oitil war, between Charles I. and parliament, 

commencement of, XI. 539, 1 a; IV. 280, 

2ab; VI. 613, 2 a. 
OivitI CiBTELLANi [cbe-vo-td' kas-tel-lil'-na], 

town of Italy, IV. 636 (ill). 
CiviTi Di Pbnbe [de pen'-na], IV, 637. 
Citdtd Lanigna [ll-ve'-nyi] ; see Lanhvicm. 
dv'ifm Bhurov'icum ; see Evretjs. 
Civitat Eeolismea'dum: eee AsGOHLtME. 
Civitas Seno'num : see Sens. 
Ci<eitas Thiro'aum : see Touhs. 
Ginitaa Veneto'rwm: see Vaswes, 
OivitI Vboohia. [che-ve-tA' vek'-kya], seaport 

of Italy, IV. 637 (ill.). 
iCLiCEMAN'HANsniRE, county of Scotland, IV. 

627. 
Cladonia eoednia. (botany), 5. 408, 3 b (ill.). 

O. rangiferina, 410, 3 be 
Cladotporimn, fnngnsi, VII. 632, 3 a; SI. 3 a. 
Cladrastistinetoria (botany), SVI. 373, 1 e (ilt.), 
C(iyiwtwJiOT«rs»(y, South Carolina, SV. 197, 2 a. 
CLiiBORNB [fcia'-bnm], three counties, IV, 637. 
Clairaut, Alexis Clando [kla-r3], French ma- 

thematidan, IV. 628, See Combt, V. 140, 3 a. 
Claiefait: see Olbrfait. 
CLAiBOif, Claire Josfiphe Hippoiyte Leyris de 

Latude [kia-r6">], French actress, IV. 628. 
Olaibvatix [klair-vO], village of France, IV. 

628, Monastery of, 1 c; II. 578, 1 be. 
Claimoy'aiiee, I. 626, 1 b ; XV. 275, 2 c. 
OtAjoe, Johann [kM'-yoos], German clergy- 
man and author, IV. 628, Johann, clergy- 
man and poet, 2 c. 
CLAiiAM, county, IV, G28. 
Clallamb, tribe of Indiana, IV. 629. 
Clam, IV. 629. Giant clam, 1 b (ill.). Soft 

clam, I c, 3 a (ill.). Hard clam or quahang, 

1 c (ill.). Broad aea clam, ib. Fresh-water 

clams, 1 0-2 a. 
Clambot [kiam-sfi], town of France, IV. 629. 
Clamp, for baking bricks, III. 267, 1 a. 
Clamps of peat, XIII, 318, 3 b. 
Clam sun eave, in Staffa, XV. 801, 1 a. 
Clam, Scottish highland tribes, XIV, TOO, 2 b. 
Clabwilliam, district of Cape Colony, IV. 630. 
Clap, Thomas, American clergyman, IV. 630. 
CtAPAKfeDE, fidonard [klii-p5-rBid], French 

naturalist, IV. 030. 
Clapham, sect, referred to, X. 769, 1 a. 



CLAEK 203 

Clapisbon', Louis [Iria-p6-s6°5], French com- 
poser, IV. 630. 

Clapi>, Theodore, American clergyman, IV. 630. 

Clapper rail, bird, XIV. 169, I c. 

Olappeetos', Hugh, English traveller, IV. 630 ; 
I. 170, 2 be. 

Claguato, connty seat, X. 888, 3 b. 

Clabao, Charles Othon Fr£d6rio Jean Bap- 
tiste, connt [kia-rfik], French antiquary and 
artist, IV. 631. 

Claeb, county of Michigan, IV. 631. 

Olabe, county of Ireland, IV, 631. 

Clarb, John, English poet, IV. 631. 

Claebuost', town of New Hampshire, IV. 
631. 

Clabe'mokt, English royal palace, IV. 681. 

Clarence, duke <tf, brother of Edward IV., VI. 
486, 3 be, 437, 1 b ; XVI. 468, 1 b, ff. Broth- 
er of Edward V., mnrJered in the tower of 
London, VI. 437, 2 bo. See William IV., 
XVI. 681, 2 b. 

Olaesndon, county, IV. 6S1. 

OiARBSDoN, Edward Hyde, earl of, British 
statesman and historian, IV. 683. Edward 
Hyde, third earl of: see Oobnbdet. 

Clabsndoit, George William Frederick Villiers, 
fourth earl of, British statesman, IV. 634. 
Edward Hyde Villiers, fifth earl of, 635, 1 b. 

Clarendon, constitutions or cnstoms of, VIII. 
642, 2 c; II. 441, 1 b (twice) ; V. 149, 3 a. 
Referred to, IV. 635, 1 c. 

Claeenboit Paek, locality in England, IV. 635. 

Clarendon press huilding, Oxford, XII, 763, 2 a. 

Clareninet [klir'-e-nins] ; see Frasciscaks, 
VII, 425, 2 0. 

Claret, Poor, order oF, VII. 427, 1 a. 

Clahht: see Feanob, Wines of, VII. 411, 1 o, 
and XV. 325, 1 be. 

Olaebtie, Jules Arnaud [kia-rrih-se], French 
author, IV. 635. 

Clabi, Giovanni Carlo Maria [klS'-ro], Italian 
composer, IV. 685. 

Clariehord: see OLAVicnonn. 

Clarinda, county seat, XII. 789, 3 h. 

Clabinbt', musical instrument, IV. 635, 

Clae'ion, county, IV. 635. 

Clabk, five counties, IV. 635. 

Clark, Abraham, American patriot, IV. 686. 

Clark, Alvan, American optician, IV. 636. 

Clare, Davis Wasgatt, American clergyman 
and anther, IV. 687. 

Clabs, Sir James, British physician, IV. 637. 

Claee, Jonas, American clergyman and pa- 
triot, IV, 637. 



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204 



CLARK 



Claek, Lewis Gaylord and Willis Gaylord, 

American jonmalists, IV. 637. 
Claek, Thomas March, American tiahop, IV. 

637. 
Clarke, nine counties, IV. 637, 
Clabkb, Adam, Britisli clergyman, IV. 638. 
Clauke, Charles Cowden, English author, IV. 

639. (Died 1877.) 
Claekb, Edward Daniel, English traveller and 

mineralogist, IV. 639. 
Clabke, Ilonri Jacques Gnillanme, count 

d'Hunebourg, dulco de Feltre, and marshal 

of France, IV. 639. 
Clarke, Hyde, English engineer and author, 

IV. 640. 
Clarke, James Freeman, American clergyman, 

IV. 640. 
Clarke, John, one of the founders of Rhode 

Island, IV. 640. 
Claeeb, M 'Donald, American poet, IV. 641. 
Clabee, Mary Anne, mistress of Frederick, 

duke of York, IV. 641 ; Vn. 709, 1 h. 
Claeke, Mary Victoria Cowden, English an- 

thorosa, IV. 641, Her " Concordance to 

Shakespeare," 2 b. 
Ci-ABKB, Samuel, English, clergyman, IV. 641 ; 

XI, 807, 1 h, 812, 1 h (Moral rmLosoPHr). 
Clarke, William, American soldier, IV. 642. 
Clarke's Fork, branch of the Columbia river, 

IV. 64S. 
ClarJt:e»Tille, oonnty seat, VIII. 365, 1 c. 
ClarkabuTg, county seat, VIII. 480, 3 c. 
Clarkson, Thomas, English philanthropist, 

IV. 642. His agitation against the slave 

trade, 2 c, ff.; its success, 643, 1 b. Eman- 
cipation in the West Indies, 1 o. 
Clarkwille, county seats, IX. 656, 3 a; XI. 

787,1 a; XIV. 237, 2 a. 
Clwma Mom, castle of, IV. 673, 1 c. 
Clary, a species of sage, XIV. 518, 2 c. 
GlasseTt, Australian explorer, X. 336, 2 be. 
Clae»ics, discoveries of: sec Mai, Angelo; 

Petbaroh, XIIL 364, 1 c; Niebuhr, XH. 

438, I a ; Manuboript, XL 132, 1 e, 2 a, ff. 
Claagic school, in French art, XII. 802, 1 c. 
Claadt, in the Refonned (Dutch) church in 

America, XIV. 258, 1 a. 
GloM Under, Methodist, XI. 452, 2 c. 
Clabtio Asatomt ; Bee Anatomical Psepara- 

TioHS, I. 460, 1 b. 
ClatVrus, fungus, odor of, VII. 630, 1 be; 

533, 2 b. 
Clatsop, county, IV. 643. 
OLAtTDB, Jean [klode], French Protestant cler- 



CLAVIGO 

gyman, IV, 643. His views of the Augs- 
burg Confession, X. 783, 2 a. 

Claude Lokhaine, French painter, IV. 643. 
His hooka of drawings, 644, 1 ah. His 
landscapes, 1 h. 

Claudia Contra, ancient city, VIII. 38, 1 a. 

Clacdian (Claudius Claudianus), Roman poet, 
IV, 644 ; X. 200, 3 a. 

Claddla Quinta, Eoman matron, IV. 644. 

Claudius, name of two Eoman emperors, IV. 
644. Tiberius Claudius Drusus Nero Ger- 
manicus, 2 be. Marcus Aurellus Claudius 
Gothious, 645, 1 b. 

Claudius, emperor, decree restricting new 
year's presents, XII. 351, 2 c. 

Clacdics, Matthias [klow'-do-oos], German 
writer, IV. 645. 

Claudius Ojicus, Appius, Boraan censor, IV. 
645. 

Claudius Crassus, Appius, Eoman decemvir, 
IV. 645. 

CLAunius ITero, Eoman general, IV. 646. 

Clacdius Nero, Tiberius, father of the em- 
peror Tiberius, IV. 646. 

Clattsel, Bertrand, count [klo-zSl], French 
soldier, IV. 646. 

Clausen, Henrik Nikolai [klow'-zen], Danish 
theologian and statesman, IV. 647, 

CtAusKNBURu: see Elauskkbcro. 

Clauaenette, Mme. de [kloze-nSt], I. 362, 1 a. 

Glauaen'tum, Roman camp in England, re- 
mains of, XV. 189, 1 ab. 

CLAtrsEwrrz, Kai'l von [fon klow'-zSb-vits], 
Prussian soldier and military writer, IV. 647, 

GlausmtCafiax eotUti, VII, 264, 2 a. 

Clausthal [klowce'-tai], town of Prussia, IV. 
647. 

Clam'rim, fungi, VII. 533, 2 be. 

CloDenna ; see Chlaveksa, 

Glac'erack Landing, town, IX. 28, 2 a. 

Claterhouae [klav'-er-us] : see Graham, John. 

Clatiohobd [k!av'-e-kord], musical instrument, 
IV. 647 ; XIL 79, 1 b ; XIII, 488, 1 a. 

C&mwtMe'j^Km, musical instrument, XIII. 488, 

Clat'iole, collar bone, IV. 647. 

Clavi£re, fitienne [klS-vyair], banker of Paris, 

IV. 648. 
Glamform iimrijitionx, V. 570, 2 c. 
Clavioeeo, Francisco Saverio [kla-vij'-e-ro ; P[i. 

kla-ve'-'ha-ro], Mexican historian, IV. 648. 
CTasijo [klS'Ve'-go], Goethe's drama: seeBEAu- 

MABcniis, II. 428, 2 a, and Clavijo y Fa- 

XARBO*, IV. 648, 3 a. 



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OLAVIJO 

Clatuo, Eay Gonzalez de [kl^-ve'-'ho], Cas- 
tilian ambassailor to Tamerlane, IV. 648, 

CiATiJO T Faxabdo, Jos6 [a tk-'hav'-tko], 
Spanish autlwr, IV. 648 ; II. 428, 2 a. 

Glavuiwrn: see OmvAsso. 

Clay, an earth, IV. 648. Artificial, 3 be; Fat 
or long, 649, 1 ab ; lean, meagre, or short, 
ih. Porcelain clay, 1 b. Potters' or plastic, 
a a. Pipe clay, ii. Brick ciay, 3 b. Clay 
for firo brick, 2 be. Porous, floating on wa- 
ter, 650, 1 b (see BsroK:, III. 368, 1 c). Full- 

CtAT, name of sixteen counties, IV. 650. 

Olat, Cassias Karcellns, American politician, 
IV. 651. 

Clat, Clement Comer, politician, IV. 662, 

Clay, Green, soldier and preacher, IV. 652. 

Clay, Henry, American statesman, IV. 653. 
AdTocates gradual emancipation in Ken- 
taotj, 2 c; 655, 2 a. U. 8. senator, 653, 
1 a. His proposition for internal improve- 
mentg, t'fi. Duel with Humphrey Marshall, 

1 b. Eepresentatiye in congreas, and speak- 
er, 1 c. His support of the war with Great 
Britain, 3 a. Peace coramissioner, 2 b. Ad- 
vocates protection and a national bank, 3 c. 
The Misgouri compromise, 664 1 1 Charge 
of bargain and corruption, 1 I 103 1 b 
Duel with Eandolph, IV. 654 1 S 
tary of state, ih. U. 8. a nat 2 a H 
tariff compromise, ib. Fr n 1 p 1 t n 

3 b. Leader of the whig p ty 655 1 ab 
Candidate for the presiden I H 
lutions relating to slavery, 2 a. Consistency 
of his political views, 2 c. — His sons, Henry, 
James B., and Thomas Hart, 656, 1 a. 
Claybobnh, William [kla'-burn], a settler of 
Virginia, IV. 666. His contest with Mary- 
land, lb; in. 630, 1 be and 2 c ; XI. 329, 

2 c, and 380, 1 ab, o ; XVI, 151, 2 b. 
Clay Centre, county seat, IV. 631, 3 c. 
Clay Court Bc-uae, county seat, IV. 650, 2 b. 
Otaifing qfeugar, referred to, IV. 660, I c. 
Clay ironstone, IX. 407, 1 a; 409, 1 ab; XV. 

64S, 2 a. 
Clats, Paul Jean [kla], Belgian painter, IV. 

656. 
Olatton, two counties, IV. 666. 
Olattos, village of New York, IV. 657. 
Olayton, county seat, 11. 302, 1 c. 
Clayton, John, American botanist, IV. 657. 
Claytos, John Hiddleton, American states- 

nian, IV. 667. Clayton -Bui wer treaty, 1 c; 

ftllnded to, IH. 24, 1 ab, 438, 1 be. 



CLEMEirr 



205 



:;a). 



> called, VI. 



eralogist, 
ineralogy and 



Claytcmia (botany), XIV. 96, 1 ab. 

Clazom'rn.e, ancient city of AsiaMinor,IV.657. 

Gleaming, in calico printing. III. 597, 1 a. 

CLEANTHEa [kle-an'-thcez], Greek philosopher, 
IV. 657. Hymn to Jupiter, 2 c. Referred 
to, XL 809, 2 c ; XIII. 438, 3 b. 

Clear'chtts, Lacedfemonian general, IV. 657. 

Clea/r cole, in gilding, VII. 808, 3 ab. 

Oleab Cebkk, county, IV. 658. 

CtEARFiKLD, couuty, IV. 658. 

Clearfield, Roman Catholic settlement, VII. 
582, 3 b. 

Clearfield, county seat, IV. 658, 1 c. 

Clbarikg Hottsb; see Bask, II. 382, 3 ab. 

Clearing nut, XII. 646, 2 he (Nox 

Clear-obaeure : see Ohiabosoubo. 

"Clear the causeway," conflict s 
407, 3 c. 

Oleavelahd, county, IV. 658. 

CLBATEtAiro, Parker, American ii 
IV. 658. His treatise { 
geology, XI. 590, 2 o. 

Cleavelandite, mineral, VH. 114, 2 c. 

Cie'ium^, county seat, IX. 656, 1 c. 

Clkbui!Ne, county, IV. 659. 

Cleef, Jan van [van klafe], Flemish painter, 
IV. 659. 

Cleep, Joost van, Flemish painter, IV. 669. 

Chf, in mnaic, XII. 77, 1 a, 2 b. 

Cleg, gadfly, VH. 551, 1 b; XVI. 20, 1 c. 

Clbm'atis, genus of shrubs, IV. 659. C. vital- 
ha, 1 c. C. flammnia, iS. 0. cirrbosa, ib. 
O. vitioella, 2 a (ill.). 0. Virginiana, 3 b 
(ill.). C. riorna, ih. 0. ochroleuoa, 2 c. 

Clemens, Samuel Langhorne (Mark Twain), 
American humorist, IV. 660. 

Clemens Eomanva, pope: see Clement I. 

Olbment, name of fourteen popes and three 
antipopcs, IV. 660. L, St., 3 ab. II., Suid- 
ger, 3 b. IH. (antipope), Guibert, 2 c. III., 
Paolo or Paolino Scolaro, 661, 1 a. IV., 
Guido Fulcodi, ib. V., Bertrand Garcias de 
Goth, 1 b. His seventh hook of decretals 
(Clementines), 2 ab; IIL 719, 1 c. Suppres- 
sion of the templars, IV. 661, 1 c; XV. 685, 
3 a. VI., Pierre Roger, IV. 661, 1 ab. VII. 
(antipope), Robert de Geneve, 1 o. VII., 
Giulio de' Medici, 663, 3 a. VIII. (antipope), 
Gil Mufloz, 3 c. VIII., Ippolito Aldobran- 
dini, 663, 1 a. IX., Giulio Eospigliosi, 1 ab. 
X., Emilio Altieri, 1 b. XL, Giovanni Fran- 
cesco Albani, ib. XU., Lorenzo Oorsini, 1 c. 
XIIL, Carlo Eezzonico, 3 ab. XIV., Gio- 
vanni Vincenzo Antonio Ganganelli, 3 c. 



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n sages of Greece. 



206 CLEMENT 

Ol&mest, Jacob [kla-ma°=], Flemiah composer, 

IV. 684. 
Cl^mbst, Jacques, French regicide, IV. 664. 
Ci,6msst, Jean Pierre, Preach historian, IV. 

664. 
Clement, Knut Jungbolin, Danish historian, 

IV. 664. 
Oleubhi op Albxaudbia, a church father, IV. 

664. 
Clembnt of Kome: see Clement I., pope. 
Clementi, Kazio [Ida-men'-te], Italiau pianist 

and composer, IV. 665. 
Clem'entine canoTis : see Clemestibks. 
Clementine BbmilieSf referred to, VIII. 54, 2 c. 
OLBMENTDfEa, pontifica! constitutions, IV. 665 ; 

III. 7IS, 2 a. 

Oleobis and Biton : see Bitojt and Olbobis. 
CleobuU'na, daughter of Cleobulus, IV, 668, 

la. 
Cleobu'ltts, one of the 

IV. 665. 

Cleod'ora (mollusca), XI. 722, 1 he. 
Clbom'bkotds I., king of Sparta, IV. 666, 
Olkowk'des, Greek aatronomer, IV. 666. 
Cleombnes [tle-ora'-e-neez], name of three 

kings of Sparta, IV. 666. 
Cle'on, Athenian politician, IV. 666. 
Oieopa'tra (VI.), queen of Egypt, IV. 667; 

XIII. 63, 1 a. Her relations with Cesar, IV. 

667, 3 h, and III. 642, 1 c ; with Antony, IV. 

668, 1 c, and I. 676, 2 a, 

Cleopatra, four queens of Egypt, XIV. 62, 
2 b-c. Wife of Philip of Macedon, referred 
to, 11. 92, 2 a; XIII. 408, 1 b. 

Clkp'stdea, hydraulic clock, IV. 669. Clep- 
sydra presented to Charlemagne byHaroun 
al-Eashid, 670, 1 ah. 

CtERo, Laurent [klair], deaf-mute teacher, IV. 
670. 

Clebo, Jean Le : see Lb Clbrc. 

Clbrpayt, Francois SSbastien Charles Joseph 
de Croix, count de [fclair'-fa], Austrian gen- 
eral, IV. 670. 

CiBEOY, IV. 670, Ancient influence of the 
clergy, 671, 1 a. Of the Roman Catholio 
church, 671, 1 c, 2 ab; XIV. 396, S b, ff. 
Of the Greek church, IV. 671, 2 a; VIII. 
220, 1 c. Of the church of England, 2 b; 
VI. 629, 1 a. Of the Protestant Episcopal 
church in America, 3 c; VI. 691, 2 h. 

Clerot, Benefit of: see Benefix of Clbesy. 

Clergyman's tore throat, VII. 836, 1 a- 

Cler'icU la'ieoa, papal bull. III. 66, 1 ab. 

Clerieui, an ecclesiaetio, IV. 672, 1 a; a des- 



CLIETON 

ignation of the educated, 671, 1 ab. Clerici 

aeephuli and canoniei, 672, 1 b. 
Clerk [in England, klark], an ecclosiastic, IV, 
672, 1 a; a civil officer, 1 b-and c. Classes 

of ecclesiastical clerks, tb. A copyist, in 

the middle ages, XL 131, 2 a. 
Clkbb:, John, British nnval tactician, IV. 672. 
Olehke, Charles, English navigator, IV. 672. 
Clermont [kiair'-mont], Fulton's first successful 

steamboat, VII, 526, 1 c; XV. 353, 1 b (ill.). 
Clermokt, county, IV. 672. 
Cm:rmont, or Clermont-Ferrand [klair-m6°*- 

fair-ra°"], town of France, IV. 672. Cathe- 
dral of, 2 c (ill., 673). 
Oleei£ONt-l'H£rablt [-la-ro], town, IV. 673. 

OLEBMONT-DE-L'OlSB[-diai-lwaz],tOWn,IV.67S. 

Castle of, now a prison for females, 2 ab. 

Church of St, Samson, 2 b. 
Clermont-eTi-Beautiaisi» [klair-m&""-tu°'-bo-va- 

ze] r see Uleemont-de-l'Oise. 
Clermont- Ladive [-lo-daiv] : see Clermont- 

l'II£batht. 
Cl^rt, Jean Baptiste [kla-re], valet of Louis 

XVL, IV. 673. 
Cii:srKOKE, Jean Baptiste Auguste [kla-zS"'- 

zha], French sculptor, IV. 673. 
Cfere [kla'-f6h], town: see Cleves. 
Gle^e, Jooit van : see Cleep, 
Cletbland, city of Ohio, IV. 674; view, ib. 

Harhor, 1 o. Public grounds and buildings, 

2 0. Intercommunication, 676, 1 c. Trade, 

3 a. Manufactures, 2 c. Government, 676, 
1 c. Reformatory and charitable institu- 
tions, 2 a. Education, 2 be. Medical col- 
lege, 2 c; IX. 28, 2 h. Churches, IV. 677, 
1 b. History, 1 c. 

Cleaeland, county seats, HI. 181, I b; XVI. 

602, 2 a. 
Cleveland, Charles Dexter, American anthor, 

IV. 677. 
Clevelant, Henry Kassell, author, IV. 677. 
Clev'esoee, Sliobal Vail, sculptor, IV. 677. 
Cleves [kleevz], town of Prussia, IV. 677. 

Birthplace of Anne of Cleves, fourth wife of 

Henry VIII., 2 be. County and duchy, 2 c. 
Cles'k, of a plough, XIIL 616, 1 b. 
Clemens non Poipa: see JAKsaqinN, Clement. 
Clian'thiu (botany), VIII. 85, 1 o. 0. Dam- 

pieri, ib. (ill.). 
Clkh plate, in turning, XVI. 74, 1 b. 
Clidai'tet (palai ontology), XI. 858, 1 e. 
CuBNT, in Roman antiquity, IV. 67S. In 

modem usage, 2 a. 
Clifton, watering place of England, IV. 678, 



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CLIMAOTICHNITES 



I bi-idge, 1 a (ill). Clifton col- 
lege, 2 c. Hot spring, ii. 

GUinaetielinites [kli-mak-tik'-nites], fossil foot- 
prints, VII. 342, 2 a. 

CtinATK, IV, 679. Progress of climatology, 
1 a. Humboldt's isothermal lilies, 2 a. Di- 
versities of climate and their causes, 680, 
1 ab; agency of atmospheric circulation, 
1 c; of sea currents, 2 c. Observation of 
its leading conditions, 681, 1 c. Climate of 
the westemTJnited States, 2 c,ff.; of western 
Europe, 682, 3 a; of eastern America, 3 c. 
Decrease of temperature from the sea level 
upward, 683, 1 ah; observations by Green 
aod others, 1 c. Effect of confignratiou of 
surface, 2 b. 

Climate in, geologic times, VII. 698, 1 ab; 
change of, 1 b. 

CLiMBiMa Pbboh ; see Anabas Soahdess. 

Clisoh, county, IV. 683. 

CtiNon RiTEE, IV. 683, 

Cline, English surgeon, his successfal use of 
vaccination, IX, 604, 1 ab. 

CLisoMAif, Thomas L., American politician, 
IV. 683. 

Glingman't peak, II. 683, 1 be. 

OuN'iAa, father of Aloibiades, IV. 684. Pytha- 
gorean philosopher, 1 h. 

Clinical imtrmtian, revival of the ancient 
system, II. 775, 2 ab. 

Clinker bricks, lU. 267, 2 a. 

Oijhom'eter, instrument, IV. 684. 

OuNTOs, nine counties, IV. 684. 

OtufToir, city of Iowa, IV. 686. 

Clinton, town of Massachusetts, IV. 686 ; 
founder of, II. 631, 1 a. Village of New 
York, IV. 680, 1 c. Borough and township 
of New Jersey, ib. Village of Louisiana, 2 a. 

Clinton, county seats, I. 473, 1, b ; VI. 64, I c ; 
375, 1 h ; Vm. 641, 2 a ; 715, 1 b ; XIV. 
593, 2 h. 

CLiBTOa, Charles, ancestor of the Clintons in 
New York, IV. 686. 

Clinton, De Witt, American statesman, IV. 
686, Appointed U. S. senator, 687, 3 ah. 
Mayor of New York, 3 b. Leader of the re- 
publican party in New York, 2 c. Defeated 
as candidate for the presidency, 688, I c. 
Character and influence, 3 ab. Ilia canal 
system, 689, 1 ab. Elected governor of 
New York, 2 c ; 690, 1 a, 1 b, 1 c. Com- 
pletion of the Erie canal, 690, 1 e; its bene- 
fits to the state, 2 a. 

CiiHTON, George, American soldier and states- 



CL00K8 



2or 



man, IV. 690. First governor of the state 

of New York, 691, 1 a. Vice president of 

tbe United States, 1 b. 
Olihtos, Sir Henry, English soldier, IV. 691. 
Olikton, Henry Fjnes, English author, IV. 691. 
OciNTos, James, American soldier, IV. 691. 
Clinton state prism, V. 669, 3 a ; SIL 867, 1 a. 
Clio, in mythology, IV. 692 (ill.). Use of the 

letters of the name by Addison, 1. 112, 2ab. 
Olio borealis, mollusk, XI. 722, 1 c. 
Clio'na, sponge, XV. 281, 3 c. 
CHp'eiis, ancient shield, XIV. 853, 2 ab (ill.). 
Clifjkh, IV. 796, 1 be. 
Cliiiocampa Americana (entomology), XI, 869, 

1 ab (Ul.). 

Clissa, town of Dalmatia, IV. 693. 

Clisthenes [klis'-the-neez], Athenian stat«8- 
man, IV. 693 ; II, 55, 2 a, b, and be. 

Clith'eboe, borough of England, IV. 692. 

OLiTOMAOiura [kli-tom'-a-kus], CarthaginiflJi 
writer, IV. 692. 

Cli'tophon, hero of a Greek romance, I. 65, 1 b. 

CLiTiiM'NTrs (now Clitumno), river of Italy, IV. 
693. Temple of Jupiter Clitumnns, 2 b. 

CiiTus, Macedonian general, IV. 692 ; 1. 378, 1 b. 

Clivb, Robert, lord, British soldier and states- 
man, IV. 692. His capture and defence of 
Arcot, 693, 1 b; brilliant victories, 2 a, c. 
Plot against Surajah DowJah, 694, 1 a ; 
Clive's treachery, 1 b, 3 a. Battle of Plas- 
sey, 1 c. Plunder of the treasury of Ben- 
gal, 2 a. liaised to the Irish peerage, 2 h. 
Appointed governor and commander-in-chief 
of Bengal, 3 c. Parliamentaj-y investigation 
of his conduct, 695, 1 a. 

CWaca^Urd», II. 687, 3 a. 

Cloacb, sewers of ancient Rome, IV. 696, 
Cloaca Maxima, 1 b ; XLV. 796, 3 c 

Oloaci'sa, surname of Venus, IV. 695. 

Clocks asd Watches, IV. 695. Earliest mean- 
ing of the word clock, 1 c. Earliest instru- 
ments for measuring time, 2 a. Introduc- 
tion of wheel clocks moved by weights, 3 c. 
Henry Vick's clock, 696, 1 o (ill.). Pendu- 
lum, 3 c; IX. 97, 2 b. Huygens's clock, IV. 
697, 2 c (ill.). Escapements. 698, 1 a, ff.fills.). 
Invention of spiral spring, IX. 98, 1 b. Main- 
taining power, IV. 699, 1 h. Harrison's 
maintaining spring, 1 c. Train of wheels, 

2 a (ill.). Electric clock dial and clock, 700, 
1 c. Alarm clock, I. 338, 2 b. Pendulum 
clock, IX. 97, 2 h.— Watches, IV. 700, 2 b. 
Escapements, 701, 1 a (iiis.) ; cylindrical, 702, 
2a(ill.)j chronometer escapement, 2b (ill.); 



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208 CLOCK 

compengation balance, 708, 1 b (lU.)- Chro- 
nometer, 2 a (ill.). Trun of wheels is a de- 
tached lever, 2 bo (i!l., 704). Hand wheels 
and stem winder, 704, 2 a (il!.)- Machinery 
for malting watches, 2 c. Screw lathe, 70B, 
J b (ill.). Slotting disk, 1 c (ill.). Tee.th-out- 
ting lathe, 2 a (ill.); cutter enlarged (ill-), 
a b. Material of the internal parts, 706, 1 a. 

Cloeh dialt, illuminated, inventor of, HI, 660, 
2 c. 

Olock tower of Bern, JI. 570, 3 c. 

Clo'diits Polchek, Publiua [pul'-ker], Roman 
demagogue, IV. 70S. 

Cl(e'lia, Roman maiden given as a hostage to 
Porsena, IV. 706. 

CiOBHEB [kl6h'-her], town of Ireland, IV. 706. 

Oloistee : see "Monastekt. 

^Uka, [slo'-ka], Sanskrit stanza, XIV. 614, 1 bo. 

Clonfebt', Irish bishopric, IV. 706. 

Clobmei', town of Ireland, IV. 70G. 

Clootz, Jean Baptiste, baron (Anacharsi 
Clootz), [klotes], revolutionist, IV. 707. 

CloptoiOs hospital, III. 480, 3 c. 

Cloqitet, Hippoljte [klQh-ka], French phy- 
sician, IV. 707. Ernest, 2 a. Jules Ger- 
main, baron, ib. 

Cloi^ttm, Maria Manuela Kirhpatricfi, moth- 
er of the empress Eugenie, III. 55, 1 ab. 

Glodng, in rope making, XIV. 425, 3 a. 

Closse, Raphael Lambert [kins], Canadian sol- 
dier, IV. 707. 

CheUrium, alga, VI. 42, 1 c, 2 ab (ill., 43). 

Clofter Smen, convention of, V. 568, 2 a. 

Clos de Vovgeot [klo dtlh voo-zho], wine, VII. 
413, 1 a; vineyard, IV. 614, 1 bo. 

Clot, Antoine [klo], French physician, IV. 708. 

Clotaibe, three kings of the Franks, IV. 708. 

Clot Bey : see Olot, Antoine. 

Cloth, vioolleii, manufacture of, XVI. 718, 1 a. 
Machine for shearing, 719, 2b; for impart- 
ing metallic lustre t*, 720, 1 b. 

Cloth-ease iinding, of books. III. 78, 1 ab, fF. 

Clothing, hygienic relations of, IX. 131, 1 ab. 
CtOTHO, one of the Fates, IV. 708 ; XIII. 73, 
2 a. 

CUtAo ari'etans (zoology), XVI. 368, 2 ab. 

Clcthryard shaft, arrow, I. 646, 2 c (ill.). 
Clotojia, Saint, wife of King Olovis, IV, 708; 
III. 451, 1 b. Wife of King Amalaric, IV. 
709, 1 a ; I. 878, 2 c. 

Clotilde, princess [klo-teeld], wife o£ Prince 

Napoleon, III. 39, 1 a, b ; 51, 1 b. 
Clotilde dk Subvilie ; see Sdsvillb. 
CiOHD, county, IV. 709. 



CLDB 

ClouSberry, XIV. 209, 2 c. 

Clmd Mrsta, XVI. 508, 2 a. 

Clotos, IV. 709. Formation of, illnstrated at 
Table monntain, 2 a. Height of, 3 b. Ve- 
sicular theory of, 3 c. Forms of, 710, 1 ab, 
ff. Howard's nomenclature, iS., and 713, 
1 a. Comnlus, 710, 1 c (ill.) ; stratus, 3 a 
(ill.) ; cirrus, 3 bo (ill.) ; cirro-cnmulus, 711, 
1 b ; cirro-stratus, ib. ; cymoid cirro-stratus, 
1 bo ; cnmulo-stratus, 1 c ; Bimbua, 2 a (ill.). 
Nomenclature of Poey, 712, 1 a. Equatorial 
belt, 2 ab ; ca]ms (doldrams), ib. ; influence 
in mitigating heat, 2 c. Electric state, 713, 

1 bo. See Lightning. Cause of the white 
color of clouds, X. 451, 1 c. 

Clouds and fogs, how sustained in the atmos- 
phere, 1. 117, 1 b ; Do Saussure's hypothesis 
untenable, 1 o. 

Cijauan, Arthur Hugh [klaf], English author, 
IV. 713. 

Cloven gHndstmie theory of the milhy way, 
VIL 659, 1 0. Cloven ring theory, 560, 1 b. 

Clover, plant, IV. 713. Red clover, 2 c (ill., 
714). Cultivation of, ib., ff. Parasites, 714, 

2 b. Crimson clover, 3 c. White clover, 
715, 1 ab (ill.). Analyses of red and white 
clovers, 1 o. Comparative value of clover, 
2 a. Treatment of the crop, ib. 

Clover Bill, village of Virginia, I, 603, 3 b. 
Cloves, spioe, IV. 715. Clove tree, 3 c (ill., 

716) ; its cultivation, 716, 1 a, ff. Medicinal 

nse of cloves, 3 b. Oil of, JS. ; its use in 

microscopy, 3 be. 
Chves, gorges in the Catskills, IV. 126, I h. 

Clove of the Catterakill, ib. Clove of the 

Plattekill, 1 c. Stony clove, ib. 
Clones of garlic, VII. 624, 2 b. 
Olovis, founder of the Prankish monarchy, 

IV. 718; VII. 878, 3 c. Conversion to 

Christianity, IV. 717, 1 b. See I. 3S8, 2 a ; 

III. 451, 1 ab. Olovis il. and Olovis III., 

IV. 717, 2 ab. 

Clowes, John, English clergyman, IV. 717. 

Clowes, William, English printer, IV. 717. 

Clothe, town of Ireland, IV. 718. Bishops of, 
1 a. 

Club, social, literary, ai'tistic, or political asso- 
ciation, IV. 718. 

CM, ball, game, V. 482, 1 a. 

Clubbed jingera, in coDsnmption, V. 283, 2 c. 
luh Breton [klilb brtlh-to"']: see Jacobins, 
IX. 499, a 0. 

Club de Ventretol [dQh lA''-triih-siil], referred 
to, 5IV. 553, 1 b. 



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OLUB-FOOT 

Club-foot, deformity, IV. 718. Formg of, 

1 a. Causes of, T19, 1 a. Treatment, 1 c. 
Tenotomy, 3 ab. Tenotome, 2 be. 

Cluh wen, political party, V. 503, 1 c. 

Glob moasei, X. 744, 1 b (ill.). 

Cludiform intcripUon^ : see Cuneiform Jk- 

soRiPTioNs, V. ero, 2 c. 

C'higny [klQ-nje] : see Olcnt. 

Cltot [klQ-ne], town of Fraoco, IV. 719. 
Abbey of, 2 c. H6tel de Cluny, museum in 
Paris, 720, 1 ab ; XIII. 87, 1 a. Congrega- 
tion of Cluny, XI. 780, 1 ab. 

OMpea (lehthyol*^), VIII. 696, 2 b. C. al- 
ba, XVL 604, 1 b. C. elongatft, VIII. 696, 

2 c (ill., 697). 0. harengus, 697, 1 c (iU.). 
C. minima, 1 b ; III. 293, 2 ab. 

OhirUaune : see Faikies, VII. 65, 1 c. 
Clusbbbt, Gustave Paul [klU-zilh-r5], Frenoli 

soldier, IV. 720; V. 164, 1 b; 166, 1 bo; 

166, 1 ab, 2 b. 
CI.U91CM, ancient city, IV. 7S0 ; 495, 2 o. 
ClwcBT [kloo'-ver] ; see OtcvEJtrns. 
Cutte'kics, Philipp, German geographer, IV. 

720. 
Clydb, river of Scotland, IV. 721, Frith of 

Clyde, 1 b. Forth and Clyde canal, 1 c. 
OLTDB,Lord: see Campbell, Sir Colin. 
Clydmdale: see Lamabkshibb. 
Clydesdale treed of horses, IV. 721, 1 c. 
Oltmeb, George, a signer of the Declaration 

of Independence, IV. 721. 
Clytemnes'tba, wife of Agamemnon, IV. 722 ; , 

I. 172. 1 ab. 
Glytus rohinia (entomology), X. 572, 1 ab. 
Gnieua [lu'-kus], (botany), XV. 713. C. lance- 

olatus, 2 b (ill.). C. arvcnsis, 718, 1 b (iil.). 

Other species, 2 a. 
CaidcE; see Lasso Cells, X. 181, 2 c. 
Cnidus, ancient city of Oaria, IV. 722. Battle 

Of, 1 ; VIII. 195, 2 c. 
Cnossus, ancient capital of Crete, IV. 723. 

Ruins of, 2 a; III. 697,2 b. 
Onosus: see CNoaaus. 
CoAon, IV. 722. In Germany and France, 

3 b. Introduction into England, 733, 1 a. 
Stage-coach travelling in the 17th and 18th 
centuries, 1 he ; mail coaches, 2 a. Forms 
of, ib. The omnibus, 3 ab ; post coaches, 
2 c ; the diligence, 724, 1 a. Construction 
of coaches, 1 ab. 

CoAos-wHip Snake, IV. 724 (ill.). 
CoagulaUm qf blood, II. 782, 1 b. 
Coahoma [ko-a-ho'-ma], connty, IV. 725. 
CoAHCiLA [-w6'-la], state of Mexico, IV. 725, 



COAST 309 

OoAiTi [ko-i'-te], mammal, IV. 725. Coaiti- 
mondi, 2 c (ill.). Brown eoaiti, ib. 

Coal, IV. 726. Varieties of, 1 ab. Geologi- 
cal formations, 727, 1 bo, ff, (table, 728) ; 
carboniferous period, 729, 2ab; later forma- 
tions, 731, 1 a, ff. Lignite, 7S2, 1 a; peat 
beds, 1 0. Origin of coal, 2 be; formation 
of coal bods, 733, 1 c ; of peat, 2 c ; identity 
of the processes, 737, 1 a. Alleghany cool 
field, 739, 1 a; coal beds of Pennsylvania, 
740, 2 a; of other states, 741, 2 a. Western 
coal fields, 742, 1 o. Statistics of American 
coal production, 743, 1 a. Qualities of 
American coals, VII. 519, 1 a. Northwest- 
ern coal fields, IV. 743, 2 a ; liguitic basin of 
New Mexico, 2 c; of Colorado, 744, 1 b; 
others, 2 a. Coal production of Great Brit- 
ain, 745, 1 he; of the European continent, 
746, 1 a; of the world (table), 3 ah. Histo- 
ry, 2 b. Sea Antheacite. 

Coal hrassea (pyrites), XIV. 109, 1 bo. 

CoalJUh (black pollack), XIII. 681, 2 c. 

CoAi- Gas : see Gas. 

Coalition minUtTy, in the reign of George III., 
VIL 709, 1 a. 

Coal oil : see Coal Peoduots, IV. 753, 3 a, ff. ; 
Kebosenb, IX. 811, 2 a, 813, 3 a. 

Coal Plants, IV. 747. IHustrationa : Flabel- 
laria horassifolia, 747; Nearopteris hirsuta, 
Adiantites Lindsefeformis, Sphenopteris tri- 
dactylitis, Pecopteris louchitiea, 748 ; Oau- 
lopteris Worthenii, Lepidodendron, Sigilla- 
ria, 748; Stigmaria, Lepidostrobus, 750; 
Oalamites, Annularia longifolia, Spheno- 
phylhim Sohlotheiraii, Oarpolithes, Trigone- 
carpus, Oardiocarpus, 751. 

Coal PEOonirrs, IV. 753, Table of, ib. See 
Coal tar (Index). 

Coal tar, products of the distillation of. IV. 
763 (table), 753, 1 a, ff.; I. 321, 2 b (Ali- 
zabine) ; 648, 2 a (Anthracene) ; II. 546, 
1 a (Benzole) ; III. 769, 2 b (Oaeboltc Acid) ; 
Xn. 133, 1 b (Naphtha); 134, 1 a (Naph- 
thaline). See Tab. 

Coal-tar creosote : see Caiibolic A(;id, and IV. 
753, 1 be. 

Coahille, connty seat. XV. 467, 2 b. 

Co'an, Titus, American missionary, IV. 754. 

CoAHZA [ko-Sn'-za], river of Africa, IV. 754. 

CoAEi [ko-a'-re], river of Brazil, IV. 754. 

Coary : see Coaei. 

Coauua [ko-aa'-sos], (zoology), V. 757, 2 a; 
761, I ab. 0. ruf us and other species, 1 b, fl. 

Coast Titountnina : see Coast Rassb. 



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COAST 



COCEINEAL 



Coast Range, mountaics of California, IT. 
764 i XIV. 378, 1 bo, 3 b. 

Coast Stjbvet, United States, IV, 755. Pirst 
attempt to organize, 756, 1 a; rosiimed, 2 c, 
Eeorganization under Prof. Bache, 3 a. Sys- 
tem of national triangnlation established bj 
Prof. Peirce, 757, 1 a. Geodesy, method of, 
3 b. Base line, 758, 1 be; base apparatus, 
Ic. Triangulation, 3 ab. Latitude, 759, 1 ub; 
longitude, 1 c. Azimuth, 758, 1 b, 760, 1 be. 
Topography, 1 c. Hydrography, 761, 1 a 
physical, 1 c. Tides, 3 b. Figure ot the 
earth, 762, 3 b. Variation of tlie compaa'', 
763, 1 ab. Office work, 2 b. Organization, 
764, 1 be. 

Coat of arms, derivation of the phrase, VIII 
671, 1 b. Mediwval ceremony of breaking, 
at the eitiaction of a noWe line, III, 311, 
1 c; last performed, il. 

CoATZACOALco [kwdt-sa-kw^l'-ko], river of 
Mesico, IV. 765. 

Go'a ve^tU: see Silk, XV. 40, 1 c. 

Cob, male swau, XV. 600, 3 a. 

Cobalt [ko'-bawlt], elementary metal, IV. 765. 
Preparation of, 766, 1 ab. Properties, 1 c. 
Alloys, 2 a. Pigments from, 3 b. Other 
uses of, 767, 1 b. 

Cobalt Urn, referred to, II 757, 1 b 

CoBAN [ko-b^n'], city of Guatemilj, IV. 767. 

OoBB, county, IV. 767 

Cobb, Howell, American politician, IV. 767. 

CoBBE, Frances Power, Englioh authoress and 
philanthropist, IV. 768 

OoBBBTT, WilUam, Eng!i«h political writer, IV, 
768. Ilis attack upon Benjamin Rush, XIV, 
472, 1 c, 

CobUW» corn (maize), IV. 769, 1 a. 

CiMUr, flsh, XI. 613, 1 ab. 

Cobblers' spam, XIV, 713, 2 c. 

Gobble storm : see Payemest, XIII. 192, 1 c. 

CoBDEif, Richard, English statesman, IV, 769. 
Commercial treaty with France, III. 61, 2 a. 

Cobham, Baron: see Oldcastlb. 

Cobham, Lord, mentioned, V. 470, 1 o. 

Gobi, desert of; see Gobi. 

CoBUA [ko-be'-'ha], seaport of Bolivia, IV. 770. 

Cobi'tis (ichthyology), X. 555, 3 c. 0. barba- 
tula, i5, (ill.). O. t^nia and 0. fossllis, 556, 
1 a,b. 

Cob'lbntz, city of Prussia, IV. 770. Railway 
bridge, 771, 1 a (ill.). 

" CoMenti Address : " see Vatican, Council of 
the, XVI. 274. 1 c. 

Coblentz tem-e, XVI. 565, 3 c. 



Canada : see Oobuho. 

OoBKA BE Capbllo, Snake, IV. 771 (ilL). 

CoU, hazel-nuts, VIII. 564, 3 c. 

OoBCRO [ko'-boorg], duchy of Germany, IV. 
772. Capital, 3 c. Ducal palace (ill.), 773. 
Oaslie, 1 a. 
s'bubg, town of Canada, IV. 773. 

CoBUBU, Josias, prince of, Austrian field mar- 
shal, IV. 773. 

OoKuea Family, IV. 773. 

Cobweb, IV. 773. Uses of, 3 c. Fabrics made 
of, 774, 1 a. 

Coca, dried leaf of a shrub, IV. 774 (ill.). 

CociMjo, Merlirto [mair-le'-no kok-k^'-yo], (pseu- 
donyme), inventor of macaronic poetry, X. 
767, 3 ab. 

Cocceiam [kok-se'-yans] r see Coccsjus. 

CocoBJUS, Johannes [kuk-tsa'-yoosj, German 
Hebraist, IV. 774. Cocceians, 3 c. 

CoociA, Cailo [kot'-cha], Italian composer, IV, 
774. 

Coceinella, beetle, II. 478, la; X. 90, 3 a. 

CoccoLiTHS AUD OoooosPHEKKS, mlnuto Subma- 
rine bodies, IV. 775 (ill.). See Bathybius. 

Coceos'tem, fossil flsh, VII. 616, 1 a (ill.). 

Coecothran^tes (ornithology), VIII. 539, 3 a. 
C. vulgaris, ib. (i!!.). 

Ooeeothravsti'rus (ornithology), VII. 190, 1 a; 
VIII. 263, 2 o. 

CooocLns, a fruit, IV. 775. Coceulns Indicus, 

2 a (ill.). 0. palmatua, V. 132, 3 c. 
Coccus Adonidum (entomology), XL 313, 1 c. 

C. aquaticus, II. 558, 1 ab. C. cacti, IV. 
778, 1 a, 2 a (ill.). C. ficus, X. 75, 2 c ; XV. 
11, 1 b. C. ilicia, IV. 778, 1 be 
Coceyz^ia [kok-^'-zus], (ornithology), V. 557, 

3 a. 0. Americanus, 1 a, C. erjthrophthal- 



O.n 



I, la 



OocHABAMBA [ko-cha-b4m'-ba], department of 
Bolivia, IV. 775. Capital city, 3 b. 

CocHET, Jean Benoit D^sir^ abb6 [tiih-sha], 
French arcliteologist, IV. 776. 

CocBiMi [ko-che'-me], Indian nation, IV. 776. 

Co'oHis [properly ko-oheen'], rigahship of In- 
dia, IV. 776. Town, 3 a. 

Coonm, Charles Nicolas [ktlh-sbS"'], French 
engraver and designer, IV. 776. 

Cochin, Pierre Suzanne Augustin, French wri- 
ter, IV. 776. 

Cochin Ohisa, province of Anam, IV. 777. 
French or Lower Cochin China, 1 b ; I. 4S7, 
3 a. Language of, IX. 358, 2 ab. 

Cochin China fowU, IV. 780, 3 ab; 783, 1 a. 

Ooch'isbal, insect, IV. 778 (ill.). Kermes, 



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COCHITUATE 

1 c. Mexican coccus introduced, 3 a. Cul- 
ture of, 3 ab. Its coloring principle, 1 c, 

C'oehit'uate aqueduct, I. 615, 1 b (ill.). 

CooHiTUATs Lake, MassacfiuBettB, IV. Y79; I. 
015, 1 b. 

Cochlea [kok'-le-a], of the ear, VI. 351, a ab. 

Cachlea-ria Armora'eia (botany), VIII. 830, 2 b 
(ill., 831). 0. officinalis, XIV. 734, 3 b (ill.). 

Cochrane [kok'-ran], Scottish architect, favor- 
ite of James III., referred to, IX. 515, 1 c. 

CocHEANB, Lord: see Dusdokald, earl of. 
His attempt to relieve Athens, IL 58, 2 a. 

Cochrane, John Dundas, British traveller, IV. 
779. 

CooHUT, AdAv& [kilh-shQ], French publicist, IV. 



Cock, gallinaceous bird, IV. 780. Wild species, 

1 c. Jago cock, 2 a. Javan, &o., 3 b. 
Sonnerat's jangle fowl, 781, 1 a (ill.). Silk 
cock, 3 ft. Common cock and hen, 2 b. 
Oapon3,'V83, 1 be. Game cock, 2 a (ill). 
Chittagongs and Shanghais, 2 o. Cochin 
Chinas, 783, 1 a. Chinese, 1 b. Brahma- 
pootras, ib. Dorking breed, 1 bo (ill). Po- 
lands, 3 a (ill.). Black Spanish and Fay^, 

2 bo. Bolton grays and Hamburgs, 3 c. 
Bantams, ih. Negro cock, 781, 1 c, 

Goch, of a musket, XII. 07, 3 a. 

Goeha hone, VIII. 835, 3 ab. 

Coci-a-leekie, a Scotch dish, X. 313, 2 c. 

Cockatoo', bird, IV. 784. Tricolor-crested, 
1 c (ill.). Banksian, 786, 1 a (ill, 784). Go- 
liath or great black cockatoo, 1 b (ill). Long- 
billed, 1 c (ill). See Pakrot. 

Cook'atrioe, fabulons animal, IV. 785. Cock- 
atrice of the Bible, II. 365, 1 ab. 

OooKBUBN [ko'-bnm], Sir Alexander James 
Edmund, English jurist, IV. 785. Caleb 
Oashing's criticism of, 3 c. 

CooKBUBH, Catharine, anthoress, IV. 786. 

CocEBUEH, Sir George, admiral, IV. 786. 

CooKBiTRN, HenryThomas, lord, jurist, IV. 786. 

CoCK'cnAFER, insect, IV. 786 ; ills., 786, 787. 

CooKB, county, IV. 787. 

Coclcer, bird dog, XV. 228, 2 a. 

Cocker, Edward, English arithmetician, IV, 
787. 

OocKEEELL, Charles Eobert, English architect, 
IV. 787. 

CooKBEn-i., John, English engineer, IV. 788. 

CoOKBBMOUTH [kok'-cr-muth], town of Eng- 
land, IV. 788. 

Coek fighting, IV. 782, 2 ab. 

Cock lane ghost, IX. 666, 1 b. 



CODE 



211 



Cockle, shell, FV. 788 (ill.). 

CoekU, weed, XVI. 587, 1 c. 

Cockles, in glass making, VIII. 18, 3 a. 

GocUing, in silk weaving, XIV. 306, 1 b. 

Cockney, nickname, IV. 788. Cockney school 

of literature, 2 ab. 
Cock of the plains, bird, VHI. 271, 1 ab (ill). 
Cookkoacii, insect, IV, 788 ; ill., 789. How 

destroyed, 789, 1 a. 
CocLEs, Horatius [ko'-fcleez], Roman hero, IV. 

789. 
Cocoa [ko'-ko], a preparation of cacao seeds, 

IV. 789. Cocoa butter, 2 b. Infusion c 

cocoa shells, H. 
Cocoa butter: see Cocoanut Oil, and Cocoa, 

IV. 789, 2 b. 
Cocoa shells, III. 532, 3a; IV. 789, 2 b. 
Cocoanut [ko'-ko-mitj, double or sea, XIII. 30, 

1 c ; XI. 398, 1 be (eoeo de mer). 
CocoANUT On, or Cocoannt Butter, IV. 790. 
OoooANTrr Tree, IV. 790 (ill.). Uses of the 

leaves, 2 c ; of the sap, ib. ; of the husk, 
791, 1 a ; of the shell, 1 b ; of the nut, ib. 
Age of Brazilian oocoanut palms, 1. 184, 2 o. 

Goes de mer [ko'-ko da mair], nut-bearing tree, 
XI. 393, 1 be. 

Coeoinece [ko-ko-in'-e-e], (botany), XIII. 21, 1 b. 

Coco-MabicO!"AS, tribe of Indians, IV. 791. 

Coco-oUine [-o'-lo-in], IV. 790, 1 ab. 

Cocoon', IV. 792. 

Coco'pAB, tribe of Indians, IV. 792. 

Coco9 [ko'-koce], (botany), XIII. 21, I h. 0. 
nncifera, IV. 790, 1 ab. C. lapidea, V. 338, 
Sab. 

Cocuyo [ko-koo'-yo], Cuban firefly, V. 546, 
3 a; VII. 213, 1 c (cucujo). 

CoGwm, plant, XIII. 641, 1 b (Poke). 

Cocy'tus, river of Epirus, IV. 792. River of 
Hades, 2 b. 

Cod, fish, IV. 793 (ill). American, 2 c. Com- 
mon or bank cod, 793, 1 a. Tomcod, 1 b. 
Cod fishing, 3 c. Statistics of tlie American 
fishery, 795, 3 a ; of the British American, 
3 b ; of the French, 2 c. Bounties, 3 b, c. 
European fisheries, 796, 1 a. 

C. O.D.: see Eiphess, VII. 41, 2 be. 

CoDDiSGTOS, William, founder of Ehode Island 
colony, IV. 796. 

Code, compilation of laws, V. 5. Laws of 
Lyeurgus, 3 o ; of Solon, 6, 1 a. The twelve 
tables of Rome, 1 c. Roman eomraon law, 

2 be. Roman compilations, 7, 1 a. Frank- 
ish laws, 1 c. Capitularies of Obariemagne, 
8, 1 a. Laws of Alfred the Great, 1 c. 



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212 



CODE 



Feudal oustoaiary law in France, 3 b. 

French codes, 9, 1 a. German laws, 3 a. 

Prussian code, 3 b ; Russian, 2 c. Codes of 

the United States, 10, 1 a. Analysis of the 

H"ew York civil code, 11, I a. 
Code foTeatier [fo-rea-tya], (French), T. 9, 1 c. 
Gods Fridirie [fra-d3-reek], (Prassian), V. 9, 

ab. 

Code ofHowel Da, referred to, IV. 179, 8 a. 

Code Na^oleorh, V. 9, 1 be. The courts re- 
quired to decide on general principles and 
analogy, 433, 3 bo. 

Code of procedure, in New York, VII. 176, 1 c. 

CoDEiA [ko-de'-ja], alkaloid, V. 11 ; XII. 619, 
1 b ; 650, 1 a. 

CoBBS, ancient manuscript or collection of 
laws, V. II. 0. Alesandrinus, XL 183, 1 b : 
Bee Alesanbeiab Oodex. 0. Amiatinus, 
2b. O.Argenteus,131,2b; VIII. 135, Ic: 
see Aegenteus Oodbx. C. Aureus, XT. 
181, 3 b. C. Basilonsia, SI. 133, 3 a. C. 
BeziB or 0. Cantabrigiensis, 183, 1 c : see 
Bbza's Oodex. 0. Canonum, IH. 718, 1 a, 
2a. C.Oarolinus, VIII. 135, lc,Sb. C.Cot- 
tonianus Geneseoa, SI. 132, la. C. Ephra- 
emi, 138, 1 be. C. Gregorianus, IV. 632, 
3 ab. C. Hermogenianns, ii. 0. Isidoriana, 
III. 718, 1 h. C. Justinianns, V. II, 3 b ; IV. 
623, 1 c, 634, I be. 0. Prisea, III. 718, 1 b. 
C. Parpureiis, SI. 138, 1 c. 0. repetitaj Prte- 
lectionis, IV. 634, 1 0, 2 b. C. rescriptua 
(palimpsest), V. 11, 2 b. 0. Sinaitieus, SI. 
133, 3 c ; SV. 769, 1 c, ff. 0. Theodoaianus, 
V. 7, 1 b ; IV. 622, 3 b ; III. 618, 3 o. 0. 
Turinensis, Vlfl. 135, 3 ab. 0. Vaticanus, 
SI. 133, 1 a- 0. Vetni, IV. 623, 2 a. 

Codjish of the lales (eel pout), S. 506, 3 b. 

CW&fa.4MSr!ma'ni[ko'-de-seez], Gothic manu- 
soripta, Vni. 135, 2 a. 

CoMoiL, addition to a will, V. 11. 

Codjii gwa, IV. 54, 1 b. 

CodUng, fish, VIII. 385, 1 a. 

Cod-Liter Oil, V. 11. Medicinal use of, 13, 
1 b ; first advocated in Great BHtain, 11. 
531, 1 ab. 

CoDOGiTO [ko-do'-nyo], town of Italy, V. 18. 

Godoy, Juan, discoverer of ailver mines in 
Chili, V. 317, 1 a. 

Cod'einoton, Sir Edward, English admiral, 
V. 13. Sir William John, general, 3 c. 

Co'Dmrs, last king of Athens, V. 13. 

Cod soundt, I. 317, 3 a. Isiuglass made from, 
»., and IX. 427, 1 ab. 

COKHOES, Menno van, baron [ko'-horn], (Dutch, 



COGNAC 

Coehoorn, koo'-hOrn), Dutch general and en- 
gineer, V. 13, 

CoeAom, light mortar, III. 707, 1 b ; V. 13, 1 c. 

CmUatim, disciple of Pela^us, SIII. 234, 1 a, ff. 

Cmle-Syria, SIIL 5, 2 c ; X. 381, 1 ab. 

Cmlmt Aurelimms, his treatment of insanity, 
IX. 297, 1 c. 

CoELLO, Claudio [ko-a'-lyo], Spanish paint,er, 
V. 13. 

Galogenys [se-Ioj'-e-nis], (zoology), SlI. 778. 
C. paca, 3 a (ill.). 

C<BLTje : see Ueamub, in mythology. 

Coemptio [ko-emp'-she-o], Roman form of mar- 
riage, V, 331, 3 b. 

Canac'ulujn, hall in the tomb of David, IX. 
61T, 3 c. 

CarwUum, monastic institution : see Ckkohite. 

CWop'oiis, ancient town: see Keneh. 

Goetne Artkiyr (Arthur's quoits), V. 600, 1 c. 

Coetm [ko-e'-tus], an assembly of the Reformed 
Dutch church, SIV. 356, 1 a; of the Ger- 
man Reformed, 358, 3 b. Ooetus and con- 
forentie controversy, 356, 1 a. 

C<EnE, Jacques [kfir], French merchant and 
royal treasurer, V. 14 ; IV. 387, 1 ab. 

C(Bur d^ Aline [kilr dfi-lain], lake and river, IS. 
166, 3 c. Range, 3 a. Mission, V. 14, 1 c ; 
IS. 166, 1 c, 168, 2 c. 

Omar de Lion [kiir dilh lo-o°']: aee Richard I, 

CcEURS D'Aiiara; [kiir], Indian tribe, V. 14, 

Coffea Arabiea (botany), V. 14, 3 a. 

CoFFBB, V. 14. Coffee plant, 1 a (ill.). Culti- 
vation of, 1 ab. History of its use, 16, I be. 
Preparation and chemical constitntion, 3 b. 
Use as a beverage, 16, 1 b. Mocha coffee, 
.3 a; Java, iS. ; Bra^iiian, 3 b. Statistics, 
3 be. Medicinal use, 17, 3 ab. Adultera- 
tion, 2 e. Origin of the name, IS. 731, 3 b. 

Coffee, three counties, V. 17. 

Coffee, Col., affray with the Bentons, IS. 488, 
2 b. Defeats the Creek Indians, 489, ! a. 

Coffeetille, county seat, SVI. 768, 3 a. 

Coffm- dam, V. 650, 1 e (ill.). 

Coffer fUh: aee Tettne Fisii. 

Coffey, county, V. 18. 

Coffin, Sir Isaac, English admiral, V. 18. 

CoFFis, James Henry, American mathemati- 
cian, V. 18. 

OooAiJJiCEAHo, Michael pso-gal-nich-a-a'-no], 
Roumanian historian and statesman, V. 18. 

Gogalnitchmm : see Oooalniceako. 

Coqhet'ti, Francesco, Italian painter, V. 18. 

Gogito, ergo sum : aee Descaetks, VI. 87, 2 b. 

Coosao [kiih-nyfik], town of Trance, V. 19. 



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COGNATES 

Cognac iirandy, III. 310, 2 a; 'IV. 275, 1 h ; 

VIL 415, 1 a. riavoring stuff, III. 210, 

2 be. 
Cognates, in law, V. 19, 
CoosiARD, Theodore [kaii-nye-ar], Frencli 

playwright, V. 19. Hippoljte, iS. 
Co/nkance, in heraldry, VIII. 674, 1 be. 
Cognieanee, to Jtialx: see Bepletin, XIV. 

27S, 1 b. 
Cogno'men: see Names, XII. 137, 3 a. 
CooNOTiT, in law, V. 19. 
Cogswell, Joseph Green, American scholar, 

V. 19. Sod Astoe LraRARY, II. 41, 1 b, c, 2 b. 
CoMhuila [ko-fi-we'-la] : see Coahiiila. 
CoHASSET, town of Maaaocliusetts, V. 30. 
Cohesion, V. 30 ; I. 158, 3 a, b. 
CoHoea [ko-hooz'], city of New York, V, 21. 

Cohoes falls, 2 ab ; SI. TOO, 3 o. Manufac- 
tures of, V. 31, 2 0, ff. 
Co'horn: see Coehokn. 
Oohom^ mortar, V. 13, 1 c; HI. 707, 1 b. 
Co'hobt, in Roman antiquity, V. 33. Cohors 

milliaria, 3 b. 
Cohosh', plant, V. 22 (ill). Eed and whit*, 2 c. 
Coif, head dress, V. 23. 
Coignet, Franfok [kwA-nyS], concrete of (Mton 

aggUmiri)^ V. 209, 1 b. 
CoimhatooT: see Ooimbatoee. 
CoiMBATOKB [fco-im-ba-tore'], district of India, 

V. 33. Capital, 1 c. 
CoiMBRA[ko-ia)'-bra; Port, kwi'^'-bra], city of 

Portugal, V. 23. University of, 1 a. Plaza 

(ill.). Library of founded, I. 297, 3 b. 
Coin [ko-een'], town of Spain, V. 23. 
Coinage, decimal, proposed and secured by Mr. 

Jeffei-son, IS. 592, 1 be. 
Coinage, standard silver for, XV. 48, 2 ab. 
Coinage net of 1873, IV. 201, 2 ab ; V. 27, 2 ab. 
Coining press, XI. 619, 3 a (ill., 630). 
Coins, V. 33. Material of, 34, 1 b. Standard, 

2 ab. Form, 35, 1 a. Impressions, 1 b, 
American colonial coinage, 2 a ; federal, 26, 

3 a. Mint established, 3 be. Coinage a«ts, 
ib., S. Coins of varions countries (ills.), 38- 

30. Table of coins of different coantries, 80, 

31. Total U. S. coinage, 83, 1 a. Ancient 
coins, 1 b. German, old, VII. 749, 1 c; 
new, 3 a, V. 30, 1 c. See Mi.\-t, and Nu- 
mismatics, 

Coir, oocoanut fibre, IV. 791, lb; X. 77, I c. 
CoiRB [kwSr], town of Switzerland, V. 33. 
CoiT, Thomas Winthrop, American clergyman, 

V. 33. 
Co'ix lach'ryma (botany), IX. 644, 2 b. 



COLD 



213 



CojuTEPEC, or Cojutepeque [ko-'hoo-ta-paik', 
-pa'-ka], town of San Salvador, V. 33. 

Coke, fuel, V. 33. Superiority of English 
coke, 34, 1 ab. Methods of coking, 1 c. 

CoKB, Natural, V. 35. 

Coke, Sir Edward, English jurist, V. 35. Ad- 
vice to students of law, 2 c. Behavior as a 
prosecutor, 36, 1 a. Jealousy of Bacon, 1 ab ; 
37, 3 be. Integrity and independence as a 
judge, 86, 1 c, 2 e, 37, 1 a, ff. Deprived of 
his offices, 3 a-b. His commentary on Lit- 
tleton, 88, 1 a. Besistauce to corruption and 
tyranny, 1 c. Basis of the habeas corpus 
act, 3 be. Petition of right, ib. 

CoKB, Thomas, first hishop of the Methodist 
Episcopal church, V. 39. Deed of declara- 
tion, 1 ab. Commentary on the Scriptures, 
2 a, b, c. Methodist missions administered 
by him, XL 642, 3 b. 

Coke, Thomas William, earl of Leicester of 
Ilolkliam, English agriculturist, V. 40. 

Cokings, product of petroleum. Silt. 873, 1 c. 

Col., abbreviation on coins, XIL 637, 1 ab. 

ColadiRiemi: see EiENzi. 

Oolapook', r^ahshlp of India, V. 40. Capital, 

1 c. 

Colap'te^ aura'tus (ornithology), SVI. 710, 

2 a (ill). 

Colde Baime [kul diih bilm], pass in the Alps, 
I. 354, 1 bo. 

CoLBEHG [kole'-bairg], town of Prussia, V. 4C. 

Colbert [bole'-bert], county, T. 40. 

Colbert, Jean Baptist*, marquis de Seignelay 
[kul-bair], French statesman, V. 40. His 
improvement of the condition of France, 2 c ; 
SIII. 666, 2 b. Jean Baptiste, marquis de 
Seignelay, uis son, V. 41, 1 c. 

CoUirand, legendary giant, XVI. 467, 1 c. 

CoLBUBN, Warren [kole'-bnrn], American ma- 
thematician, V. 41 ; I. 708, 2 b. 

CoLBUEN, Zerah, arithmetical prodigy, V. 41. 

Colby, Thomas, English engineer, V. 43. 
Compensation bar, 2 o. 

Colby vnivernty : see Watbrville. 

CoiOHESTEE, borough of England, V. 43. Ben- 
edictine abbey, 1 b (ill.). St. Botolph's 
priory, ib. (ill). 

CoLCBBSTBR, county, V. 43, 

Colchester, Lord : see Abbot, Charles. 

Col'chicum, plant, V. 43 (ill., 44), Medicinal 
use of, 2 c. 

CoLCnis [kol'-kis], ancient country of Asia, 
V. 44. 

CoLu ; see Cataeeh. 



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214 



COLD 



Cold^ al)mlHte: see Atmospheee, II. 83, 1 c. 

Cor.DEN, Cadwallader, American phjsician and 
statesman, V. 44. Cadwallader David, law- 
yer and legislator, S c. 

Cold Haebor, Battles of: see Chickahomihy, 

IV. 418, 2 a; 416, 2 e. 

Coldingham priory, ruins of, referred to, II. 

588, 1 a. 
Cold ihoTt, in iron making, II. TSO, la; IS. 

8T1, 2 ab. 
Cold Spring : see Cape May, HI. Y50, 1 b. 
Cold Spring, connty seat, XIT. 606, 1 e. 
Cold Spring, Weat Point fonndery at, XIII. 

128, 1 ft. 
Cold'stebam, town of Scotland, V. 45. Cold- 

Btream guards, 1 b. 
Cold wall, in the Gulf stream. It. T5, 1 b. 
Colu'water, city of Michigan, V. 45. 
Cole, county, V, 45, 
Cole, Thomas, American painter, V. 45. His 

" Course of Empire," 40, 1 bo ; " Voyage of 

Life," 1 c. 
C01.EBB00KE, Hebry Thomas, English oriental- 
ist, V. 4fl. 
Coleman, connty, V. 47. 
Coleman', William, American jonrnalist, V. 

47. Estahliahment of the " Evening Post," 

newspaper, 2 c. 
CoLESso, John William, English bishop and 

writer, V. 47. 
CoLEOPTEiiA [ko-le-op'-te-ra] : see Beetle. 
Colepeper, Thomas : see Cclpepbb. 
Oohpina [ko-le-pl'-na], animalcules, I. 515, 1 c. 
Cole'baine, town of Ireland, V. 48, Cole- 

COLE'EinoE, Hartley, English author, V. 48. 

CoLEBineE, Henry ITelaon, lawyer and author, 
V.48. 

CoLEBiDOE, Sir John Duke, lawyer, V. 49. 

Coleridge, Sir John Taylor, judge, V. 49. 

CoLEEiDQE, Samuel Taylor, English poet and 
philosopher, V. 49. Scheme of pantisocracy, 
50, 1 a. Eepnblican and Unitarian, sfi. 
Preaches his probation sermon to a Uni- 
tarian congregation, 2 a. Eesidence in Ger- 
many, it. Becomes a royalist and champion 
of the established church. 3 b. An opium 
eater, jS. His conversational powers, 2 c. 
Writings, 50, 1 c; 51, 1 a. 

Coleridge, Sara, writer, V. 51. 

Coles, county, V. 53, 

Coles, Cowper Phipps, English natal officer, 

V. 62. 

Col'et, John, English clergyman, V. 52. 



COLLEGIUM 

CoLET, Louise [kiih-la], French poetess, V, 62. 

Colfax [kole'-fax], three counties, V. 53. 

Colfax, county seat, VIII. 156, 1 a. 

CoLFAs, Schuyler, vice president of the United 
States, V. 53. 

Col du Oiant [kul dll zha-iL'*], in the Alps, re- 
ferred to, VU. 107, 2 c. 

Colkak [kole'-wees], Indian race, XI. 472, 1 be. 

Col'ic, V. 54, Varieties of, 1 b. Treatment, 
1 e. Lead colic: see Lead, 5. 246, 2 a, b, c. 

Col'iea Picto'mtm, disease, X. 246, 2 ab. 

OouoNi, Gaspard de [kiih-lS-nye], Huguenot 
leader, V. 54; IL S48, 1 b, 0; S4fl, 1 a, ab. 

CoUgny : see Oolioni. 

CoLiMA [ko-le'-ma], state of Mexico, V. 55 (ill). 
Volcano of, 2 c. Capital city, 56, 1 a. 

Colmix'um, : see Colosseiju:. 

Oolw^wm : see CoLossErM. 

Collagvas [ko-lyfl'-gwass], ancient S. American 
people, II. 169, 1 c. 

Ool'lamek, Jacob, American senator, V, 56. 

Collar, in grafting, VIII. 139, 1 0. 

Collateral inheritance, in Roman law, VI. 39, 

1 a; in English common law, 1 c; in the 
United States, 40, 2 ab. 

CoLLt, Charles [kul-la], dramatist, V. 50. 

CoLLB, Eaffaeliiao dal [kol'-la], painter, V. 56, 

Collect pond. New York city, XII, 373, 2 c. 

College, V. 56. Various associations and ii 
stitutions so called, 1 ab. Colleges as depart- 
ments of a university, 57, 2 a. Sioli college, 

2 c. Mediteval French colleges, iS. Colleges 
of the English universities, 58, 1 a. Fellows 
of a college, 1 ab. Halls, 1 be, Gresham col- 
lege, JS. (see Gkesham). University of Lon- 
don, 1 c. Colleges in France, 2 c; college 
of France, ifi. In Eome, 59, 1 be. In the 
United States, 2 a; tabular list, 60-62. 
Representative American college: see Edu- 
cation, VI. 426, 1 0. 

College of arms: see Hehaldey, VIII. 674, 1 

College 0/ dmlians : see Dootoes' Commoks. 

College of electors, in Germany, VI. 100, 1 : 
in the United States, XVI. 139, 3 0. 

College Hill, village of Ohio, V. 68. Farm- 
er's college, I a; Ohio female college, ib. 

College ofjmtice, in Scotland, IX. 516, 1 bo 
V. 57, 1 a. 

College of the Propaganda, XIV. 28, 2 b. Con- 
nection of the Jesuits with it, IX. 633, 1 be. 

Colle'gia, opificvm, mediaval companies of 
craftsmen, VIII. 804, 2 be. 

Collegimn fetialium [fe-se-a'-le-um] : see Law 
of'jTatioks, X. 332, 1 b. 



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COLOMBIA 



215 



Oolleoni, Bartolommeo, chapol of, 11. 555, 1 c 

Ool'les, Christopher, American engineer, V. 
63. 

CoL'tBTON, county, V, 63. 

OoLLBTOS, Jamea, colonial governor, V, 63. 

Collet'ta, PietTO, Itfllian patriot, V. 63. 

CoLi.iBB, Arthur, English clorgyraan and phi- 
losopher, V. 63. 

OoLLiKB, Jeremy, English clergyman and au- 
thor, V. 64. 

CoLtiEB, John Payne, English author, T. 84. 

CoUiert /^England, condition of, V. 65, 3 h-c. 

CoLUKEY, V. 64. Ilhistrations : Summit hill, 
Manoh Chunk mountain, S5 ; mammoth coal 
hed, ib. ; old Baltimore mines, ih. ; English 
coal measures and unconformable rock, 66; 
Alleghany coal meaanrea, 67; incline and 
drifts, ib. ; plications of anthracite measures 
near Pottsville, Pa., 68 ; drift, with dip and 
strike of inclining coal heds, ib. ; slope, tan- 
nel, and breaker, ib. ; slip dike, 69 ; change 
of horizon, ib. ; " trouble " — volcanic forma- 
tions, ib. ; section of slope, iK ; Pennsylvania 
anthracite shaft, 70; English circular shaft, 
ib. ; travelling rods, 71 ; safety shield and 
platform, 72 ; underground mmmg pump 
73. Table of British mining districts 74 b 
of accidents in British mines, 1 i, 

OolUmation: see Tbassit Cikcle X\ 844 
2 c, 845, 2 b. 

Collimator, floating, IX. 772, 1 a (Katee). 

CoLLiM, county, V. 75. 

OotLis, town ; see Eolih'. 

CoLLiKGWooB, town of Canada, V. 75. 

OoiimewooD, suburb of Melbourne, V. 75. 

CoLLiNGWOOD, Cuthbert, lord, admiral, V. 75. 

Conisa, Anthony, English philosophical and 
skeptical writer, V, 76. 

CoLUNS, Charles Allston, English painter and 
author, V. 76. 

CoLuss, Isaac, American printer and publisher, 
V. 79. 

OoLLiHS, William, English poet, V. 76. 

Oomss, Wiliiam, painter, V. 77. 

Collins, William Wilkie, novelist, V. 77. 

ComNsoH, Peter, English botanist, V. 77. 

UoUinsoma, genus of plants, T. 77, 2 ab. 

Colliquative diarrfma, V. 383. 3 c. 

COiitf, Georg Friedrich Wilibald Ferdinand 
von [fon koln], German author, V, 77, 

CoUocalin (ornithology), XV. 620, 2 b. C. 
esculenta, ib. (ill.). 

Collodio-bromide proeees, in photography, XIII. 
471, 2 0. 



CotLOnios, adhesive substance, V. 77. Use in 

photography, 78, 1 c ; in medicine, ib. 
Collodion process, in photography, XIII. 470, 

1 c; 471, la. 
Collodium: see CoLLonioN. 
CoVloidi, in chemistry, VI, 71, I c. 
Coi-LOMBBT, Fi-anffois Ztoon [kilh-l6°"-ba], 

French author, V. 78. 

CoiLOEBDO [koMo-ri'-do], noble family of Aus- 
tria, V. 78. 

Colloredo-Mantfeld: see Collobedo, V. 79, 1 b. 

Colloredo-MeU and Waldsee: see CorioiiEDO, 
V. 79, 1 a. 

Colloredo-WalheB : see Coli.okedo, V, 78, 2 c. 

CoLLor d'Hbebois, Jean Mario [ki3h-l6 dair- 
bwfl], Prench revolutionist, V. 79. 

Gollyrio borealis (ornithology), III. 486, 2 be. 
0. Ludovicianus, 3 c; 487, 1 c. 

CoLMAN, Benjamin [ko!e'-man], American cler- 
gyman, V, 79, 

CoLMAir, George, the elder, English dramatist, 
V. 80. George, the younger, dramatist, 1 c. 

CoLMAiT, Henry, American clergyman anil au- 
thor, V. 80. 

CoLMAR [kole'-mar], city of Alsace, V. 80. 

CoLSB [koln], town of England, V. 80. River, 

2 c. 

Golne, river of Essex, England : see Coi.cnBSTEE. 

CoItu Ceaster, V. 43, 2 ab (CoLcnESTEG). 

Col'ohm (zoology), XX. 753, 1 be. 0. poly- 
comns, ih. 

Coloeanvm eseuUntuia (botany), III. 562, 1 e. 

Coloco'lo, a variety of cat, V. 80 (ill., 81). 

CoLOCOTBo'sis, Theodoros, Greek general. 
V. 81. 

Col'ocyntii, a fruit, V. 81. Plant, 2 a (ill.). 
Use in medicine, ih. 

ColocyntMne [kol-o-sin'-thin], bitter substance, 
V. 8], 2 a. 

Coi.oosE [ko-lone' ; Fr. kuh-lony'], city of 
Prussia, V. 81. Cathedral, 83. 3 a (ill.) ; IV. 
U8, 1 c. Altarpiece, VI. 130, 2 c. Fac- 
simile of the original design : see Moller. 
Modern architect of: see Zwieker. His- 
tory of Cologne, V. 82, 1 c. 

Cologne spirit. VI. 144, 2 c See Wiiisket, 
XVI. 597, 2 b. 

Cologne Watee: see Eait de Cologne. 

Colom'bia, United States of, republic of South 
America, V. 83. Conato, 2 a. Topography, 
2 h. Map, 84. Hydrography, 8n, 1 b. 
Geology, 2 b. Minerals, 86, 1 ab. Climate, 
1 be. Flora, 3 a. Fauna, 2 b. People, 2 c. 
Industries, 87, 1 b. Commerce, 1 e. Inter- 



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216 



COLOMBIKA 



commanication, 2 b. Education, 2 c. Gov- 
ernment, 88, 1 a. Religion, 1 \i. Army, 
jj. Finances, i6. Aborigines, 1 c. His- 
tory, 2 c. See Bolivar. 

Cohmbina: see Haslsquin, VIII. 463, 3 a. 

Colomhijie [ko-lora'-biD], bitter principle, V. 
122, 2 c 

Colombo, capital of Oeylon, V. 90. Cathe- 
dral (ill.). 

Colofribretes: see Colbmbretes. 

Colommeti, pigeon, IV. 37, 2 a. 

Colon [ko-lone'], town: see Aspin wall. 

Co'lon, intestine, V. 90. 

Colon, in punctuation, XIV. 88, 2 a, b. 

Colo'ni: see Sbbp, XIV. 774, 1 a and be, 2 c. 

Colonia Agrippina, ancient name of Cologne, 
1.200, 1 a; V. 82, 2 c. 

Colonia Gletmra, VIII. 38, 1 a (Glouoebike). 

Colonic Patricia, V. 348, 1 b (Corhota). 

Colonia ptncder, TII. 38, 1 a. 

Colonia Serlinum, VII. 528, 1 e (rifNFKiitcnES). 

Colonization: see Colony. 

CoLOKizATioN Society, V. 91. Colonj of 
Liberia, 2 c. Its independence acknowl- 
edged, 92, 1 b. 

OoLONNA, a princely family of Italy, V. 92. 
Fabrizio, lord high constable of Naples, 2 a. 
Prospero, general, ib. Vittoria, poetess, 2 b. 
Marc Antonio, duke of Paliano, viceroy of 
Sicily, 93, 1 a. Fabio, botanist, ii. Treat- 
ment of the family by Boniface VIII., III. 
66, 1 b. 

Colmna, Ottone (Pope Martin V.), XI, 208, 
2ab. 

Col'oksat, island, Hebrides, Y. 03. Little 
Colonsay, 1 b. 

Colony, V.B3. Phcenici an colonization, 1 be; 
Greek,lc; Roman, 2 a; Genoese and Vene^ 
tian, 2 b; Portuguese, iS. ; Spanish, 2 c; 
Dutch, 94, lb; Danish, 2 a; French, 2 b; 
English, 95, la; American, 2 a. 

Colony of the Bay Iilande, III. 34, J b. 

Colophon, ancient city of Asia Minor, V. 95. 
Oracle of, XII. 660, 1 c. 

Colophony, kind of rosin, XIV. 441, 2 b ; 
SVI. 77, 2 a. 

OoLOB, V. 95. Sir David Brewster's theory of 
tlie cause of, 96, 1 c; 97, 1 a, b. Undulatory 
theory, 2 C. Complementary colors, 97, 1 e. 
Subjective or accidental colors, 2 be. Matcli- 
ing of colors, 99, 1 a. Sir Isaac Newton's 
theory of colors, XII. 847, 2 a. 

CoLOBADO [kel-o-ril'-do], territory of the United 
States (made a state 1876), V. 99. Popnla- 



COLQUHOUN 

tiun, 2 a. Indians, ib. Topography, 2 c? 
the plains, 100, 2 ah ; the divide, 2 b ; the 
park system, 2 c. Rivers, 101, 1 c. Geolo- 
gy, 103, 1 ab. Minerals, 2 a ; gold prodne- 
tion, ib. ; silver, 103, 1 ab ; iron, &c., 2 
Climate, 2 he. Soil and productions, 104, 
1 b. Manufactures, 2 c. Intereommuni 
tion, 105, 1 a. Government, 1 c. Ednea- 
tion, 2 b. Religious denominations, 2 
History, 106, 1 a. 

Coloeado, county, V. 108. 

CoLOBADO, river of Texas, V. 106. 

CoLOMiDO, Eio Colorado, or Colorado River 
of the West, V. 106. Canons of the, 107, 

1 a; first descent, 2 c. Exploration of the 
Colorado valley, 108, I b. 

Coloeado, river of South America, V. 108. 
Colorado Gity, county seat, VI. 553, 1 o. 
Colorado desert, III. 600, 2 ab ; XIV. 598, 2 c. 
Colorado potato beetle : see Potato Bcg. 
Colorado range, V. 100, 1 a. 
Color- Bmndkess, V. 108. Cause of, 109, 1 c. 
Colored soldiers, first enlisted in the federal 

army, X. 494, 2 c. 
Colored spaces, in telescopes, irrationality of 

the, XV. 628, 1 a. 
Colorim'bter, instrument, V. 109. 
Color lines, in gem engraving, VH. 664, 1 c. 
Colors, substantive, VI. 839, 2 ab ; adjective, 

2 b ; fugitive, 2 c ; fast, ib. 

" Colors," artists' name of paints, XII. 804, 
2 b. Artists' colors, 805, 1 b. 

Colors, in flags, VII. 249, 1 b. 

CoLos'sjs, ancient city of Phi-jgia, V. 110. 

Oolosbe'ok, amphitheatre in Rome, V. 110 
(ill.); L 440, 1 c; XIV. 411, 2 c. Scene of 
the martyrdom of the early Christians, V. 
Ill, 1 a. Attempt to erect in it a manufac- 
tory of saltpetre, 1 c. Preserved by conse- 
cration to the memory of the martyrs, ib. 

CoLOSSiAMs, Epistle to the, V. 111. 

Coloseochdys aiUa [ko-los-so-ke'-lis], fossil tor- 
toise, XV. 666, 1 b; 813, 2 be. 

Colossus, gigantic statue, V. 111. Colossns 
of Rhodes, 2 b. Other ancient colossi, 2 e. 
Modern colossi, 112, 1 ab; II. 267, 2 c (statue 
of Arminius, completed 1875). 

Colostruin, : see Milk, XI. 543, 2 be. 

CoLoT, Laurent [ktih-lo], French surgeon, V. 
112. 

Colporteur [kol-pore'-ter], itinerant missionary, 
XV. 831, 2 e. 

ColquTioun, J. C. [ko-hoon'], author : see Ak- 
lUAt Magnetism, I. 626, 2 c. 



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COLQUHOUN 

GoLQTiHOTiH, Patrick, British author, V. 112. 

Colquit, county seat, ZF. 551, 1 c. 

OoLQmiT, county, V, 113. 

Colt, Samiiol, American inventor, V. 112. H 
armory, 113, 1 a. Colt's revolving pistol, 
XIII. 545, I a (ill.). 

CoLTON, Caleb Charles, English writer, V. 113, 

CotTOK, Calvin, American clergyman and wri* 
ter, V. 113. 

CoLTON, Walter, American clergyman and wri- 
ter, V. 113. 

Coltsfoot, herb, V. 114 (ill.). 

Col'ijbbb, genna of serpents, V. 114. C. jEs- 
culapil, a b. C. constrictor or 0. basca- 
nion, n. fi84, 1 a. C. eximiua, IV. 420, 3 a 
(ill). 0. guttatas, V. S68, 3 h (ill.). 

Colu'go ; see Flyiho Lemitk. 

ColwnAa (ornithology), Slil. 504, 1 b. C. 
livia, 1 c ; variety of, IV. 37, 2 a. C. palum- 
bTis, XIII. 605, 1 b (ill.). C. ojnaa, &c., 1 c, fF. 

OoLUMBA, Saint, apostle of Caledonia, V. 114. 
Eemovftl of hia relics, VI. SIB, 1 be. Mo- 
nastic colonies established by him, XI. 729, 
2 bo. See Iowa, IX. 329, 1 a. 

Colcmba'mus, Saint, V. 115. Monastic ingtitu- 
tions founded by him, SI. 739, 2 o. 

Columbaria, ancient city : see Oolmah. 

Columbaria, for the dead. III. 453, 3 a, 

Columbia, seven counties, V. 116. 

Columbia, city of Pennsylvania, V, 117. 

Columbia, capital of South Carolina, V. 117. 
Burning of the city, 3 a : see f ui-ther, 237, 2 a. 

Columbia, town of Tennessee, V. 118. 

Columbia, village of Missouri, V. 118. 

Colutniia, conaty seats, I. 79, 3 a; III. 83, 1 a; 
677, 1 b; XI. 168, 3 c; 293, 2 c ; XVI. 09, 2 a. 

CoLUMBis., British ; see BRman Columbia. 

Columbia, District of: see Disthict of Co- 

ColumUa City, county seat. XVI. 609, 2 be. 
Columbia Colleoe, New York, V. 118 (ill., 

119). Law-school, 119, 3 a. School of mines, 

2 c. History, 130, 1 c. 
Golumhiad, gan, I. 790, 2 a; III. 708, 2 a, 

709, a ab (ill.). 
Columbia marhet, London, S. 613, 3 c. 
Colombian'a, county, V. 122. 
Columbiana, county seat, XIV. 841, 2 b. 
Columbian university, Washington, D. C, XVI. 

481, 3 a. 
Columbia Rivbb, N. W. America, V. 131. 
ColumWnm (ornithology), XIII. 504, 1 b. 
CoLUMBiuM, metal, V. 122. 
Colutab-Sille: see Colemba. 



COLYMBUS 



217 



Columbo, medicinal root, V. 122. American 
columbo, 3 c. 

Columbo, city; see Colombo. 

CoLuMBBBTES [lio-loom-bra'-taoe], group of 
Spanish islands, V. 132. 

Columbus, county, V. 128. 

Columbus, city of Georgia, V. 123. 

Columbus, city of Mississippi, V. 123. 

Columbus, town of Kentucky, V. 133. 

Columbus, capital of Ohio, V. 133. 

Columbus, county seats, II. 347, 1 c ; IV. 378, 
1 a; V. 106, 2 a; XIIL 670, 1 b. 

Columbus, Christopher, discoverer of America, 
V. 125. Residence in Porto Santo, 2 ab. 
His theory of a west«rn route to India, 2 b. 
Encouraged by Tosoanelli the cosmographer, 
126, 1 a; his map, 1 b. Application for 
aid to Genoa and to Portugal, 1 bo ; to Spain, 
3 ab. Terras of contract with Ferdinand and 
Isabella, 137, 3 a. His first voyage, 128, 1 a. 
Land descried, 3 b. Reception in Spain, 129, 
1 ab. Discovery of the Windward islands, 
&0., 1 b. Third voyage, 1 e. Carried to 
Spain in chwns, ii. See Bobadllla. Last 
days and death, 2 b. His remains, 2 o ; 
XIV. 624, 2 a, Fii-st printed biographical 
sketch o( him, VII. 827, 1 a. Claims to a 
prior discovery of America : see Behaim, 
Madoo, Woktiimes, and Zeno, Nicold and 
Antonio. — His descendants, V. 130, 1 a. 
Bartolommeo, his elder brotlier, 1 be. 

Columella, of a univalve shell, V. 201, 1 b; in 
the organ of hearing in reptiles, Y. 179, 1 ab. 

Columella, Lucius Junius Moderatus, Bonian 
agricultural writer, V. 130. 

Column, Doric, I. 656, 1 b ; Ionic, 657, 1 c ; 
Corinthian, 3 c 

Columna lactaria: see Fousdlino Hospital, 
VU. 846, 2 ah. 

Column of July, in Paria, XHI. 81, 3 a. 

Column Vmdome, in Paris, XIII. 81, 3 a. De- 
struction of, V. 166, 1 be ; 437, 1 ab, b ; XIV. 
103, 1 ab. Reconstruction of, ib. ; XIII. 93, 
1 be. 

Golurd, equinoctial : see Equatok, VI. 699, 1 c. 

OoLu'sA, county, V. 130. 

OolvMa, county seat, V. 130, 3 c. 

CoLWBLi, Stephen, American merchant and 
author, y. 130. On political economy, XIII. 
678, 1 a. 

Colza Oil: see Rape, a plant. 

Colymbus (ornithology), VI. 162, 1 b. C. gla- 
cialis, 1 c (ill.). C. arctious, 153, 1 a. C. 
septonlrionalis, 1 b (ill., 152). 



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218 COMA 

OoMA,Y.131; r.453,la. Coma vigil, V. 131, 

1 c. Coma somaoleDtum, 2 a, 

Goma, conietic haze of light, V. 140, 2 ab. 
Co'ma Bereai'cM, constellation, 11. (552, 2 a. 
CoMAocnio [fco-mSk'-kjo], town of Italy, V. 181. 

Fish culture at, VII. 217, 1 o, 2 a; 228, 1 o. 
Oomal', county, V. 131. 
Coma'ha, ancient city of Cappatiocia, V. ISl ; 

III.116,la. OfPontu3,V.131,2c. Priests 

and kings of; see Aechelait8, I, 647, S ab. 
OoMAS'CHE, two conntiea, V. !3I. 
Comanche, county seat, V. 132, 1 a. 
C0MANOHE8, Indian tribe, V. 133 (ill.). Staked 

Plain Comancliea, 2 b. 
Comatu'la, crinoid, referred to, XV. 320, 3 c. 
Com AT AGO A [fco-ma-y4'-gwa], department of 

Honduras, V. 132. Capital of Honduras, 

133, 1 a (view). 
Comb, V. 133. Ancient combs, 1 c. Materials, 

2 b, c. Tortoise-shell combs, how made, 2 b, 
Combaco'kcm, city of British India, V. 188. 

Great gopura, or gate pyramid, 184, 1 be (ill.). 
CoMBALOT, Theodore, abbfi [kC-ba-lO], French 

author, V. 134, 
Combs, Geoi^, Scottish phrenologist, V. 184, 

Abraham, socialist, 3 o. Andrew, physician, 

135, 1 a. 
CoMBBBMEitB, StapletonOotton,viscount [koam- 

ber-mere], British soldier, V. 185. Storming 

of Bhnrtpoor II 60S 1 b 
(_ MBES Ei oni[ko'b] French traveller, V. 

1S5 
CoMBn.iTio\a Tl eorv ut n mathematics, V. 

Ii5 Processes 2 a Its applications, 2 b. 
ConAining proport on chem cal, VI, 700, 2 c. 
Cambi I gnolmteg n chemistry, IV. 366, 1 bo. 
CoMsrsTioN "V 185 Phlog'itJc theory, 180, 

1 ab Ant pi 1 gi tic theory, 1 0. Theory 

of latent halt h Effect of solar light on 

eombu>ition loT 1 be 
Combustion Spontanea s Y. 137, Human 

spontaneous combust on 138, 1 c. 
Com edvn, a tubercle, \ I, G94, 2 c. 
Combdt: see Drama. 
Cojnejen [ko-mS-'hain'], insect, IV. 84, 1 b. 
CoMENius, John Amos, Moravian ednoational 

refonner, V. 139. 
Cornes [ko'-meez]: see Count and Shebiff. 
Coraei palatii, medieval judicial officer, XII. 

818, 1 a. C. palatinus, count palatine, ifi. 
Comet, V. 140. Halley'a comet, 1- c ; VIII. 

404, 1 b. Drawings of comets, V. 140, 2 c. 

Meteor systems of August and November, 

141, 1 b. Biela's comet, 1 a ; II. 628, 1 a. 



COMMON 

Encke's, V. 141, 1 c ; VI. 582, 1 be. Do- 
nati's, V. 140, 1 c : see Donati. 

" Come to Tmture," in iron manufacture, IX. 
400, 1 a. 

CoMrGBT [kum'-fre}, plant, V. 141 (ill.). 

OoMiNEs, Philippe de [dlih kO'ineen], French 
statesman and historian, V. 141. 

Comitan', town of Mexico, V. 142. 

CoMiTii, Roman assemblies, V. 143. 

Comitium, ori^n of the name, XIV. 419, 1 a. 

Comitlam, : see Oomitan. 

Commander: see Commandery. 

Commander of the faithful^ title first assumed, 
SII. 620, 2 a. 

Commanderia [kom-man-da-rS'-a], vineyard of 
the, V. 616, 1 e. 

Commander's islands, I. 274, 2 0. 

OoMMANDBRY, feudal benefice, Y. 143. Among 
the knights of Malta, 1 b, 

Commendamg (appointments in eommendam), 
case of the : see Coke, V. 87, 1 b. 

Commendation^ in feudal law, VII. 160, 2 c. 

" Commercial Advertiser," newspaper of New 
York, established, 1. 138, 3 b ; XYI. 588, 2 b. 

Commercial schools: see Education, YJ. 430,2 b. 

Commissarius, a Roman raagLstrate, XYI. 229, 
2ab. 

Comm,iesion, in the Seottisli Presbyterian 
church, XIII. 809, 1 c. 

Commisdon, the great seal put in: see Chan- 
cellor, lY. 254, 1 c. 

Commisiiimfys Salt Fan, a pond in Cape 
Colony, III. 744, 1 a. 

Commimon. merchant, VII. 54, 1 e. 

Commis'mtres, of the brain, HI. 193, 3 b ; in 
radiates, XII. 234, 1 b. 

ComwMJi^ianu*, Latin Christian poet, S.199, lb. 

CoMMOiKiRE, naval ofBcer, V. 143. 

Com'modus Antoni'nos, Lucius Aurelius, Ro- 
man emperor, Y. 148. 

Common, Eights of, Y. 148. Common of pis- 
cary, 2 b ; of pasturage, iS. ; appurtenant, 
2 c ; because of vicinage, 144, 2 ab ; in 
gross, 3 b. Right of common in the United 
States, ib. 

Commim Mliary duct, X. 538, 1 b. 

Common Carrier, V. 144. His obligations, 
145, 1 a; liabilities, 1 b. Character of de- 
livery to be made by him, 3 b. Common 
carriers of persons, 146. 1 a. SeeXVI,451, 
1 b, and FoEWABDiNG Mbkchant. 

Commoners, at Oxford university, XII. 764, 1 ^. 

Common Law, V. 146. Development of it, 
147, 1 b. Collections of Saxon laws, 148, 



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COMMON 

1 ab. Extent of the cLange in laws made 
by the Normans, 2 a ; in regard to roal es- 
tate, ib. ; jurisdiction of ecclesiastical courts 
increased, 2 o ; foreign canon law introduced, 
149, 1 0. Constitutions of Clarendon, 2 a. 
Settlement of the canoa law in. England, 2 b. 
Primogeniture, 3 c. Influence of the civil 
law on personal property and contracts, 150, 
1 b. Growth of the common law, 1 c. 
Jurisdiction of courts of admiralty, 151, 
1 a. Modem English commercial law, 1 be. 
Principles which distLnguisli common law 
from other systems, 1 o. Mode, in which it 
has been promulgated, 152, 2 he. 

Common law procedure act, XIII. 608, 1 e. 

CoMMOs PsiTER, Boolc of, V. 162. Revision 
of the existing service books ordered by 
Henry VIII., 153, 1 e. First service book 
of Edward VI., sources of, 3 a. Adoration 
of the sacrament aboUshed in it, X. 85, 1 o 
(Knox). Opposed by the more radical re- 
formers, V. 158, 2 e. Hampton Court con- 
ference, 154-, 2 a. Savoy conference, 3 be. 
Prayer book in Scotland, 155, 1 ah; in Ire- 
land, 1 c ; in America before the war of 
independence, S b. Translated into Italian, 
II. 44T, 2 a ; into Irish, 2 b. American 
Book of Common Prayer, V. 156, 1 o. 

Common recovery, form of legal proceeding, 
VI. 73T, 2 b. 

CoMMOH Schools, V. 156. In ancient states, 
l&'J, la. In Roman Catholic countries, 1 b. 
In Protestant Gorman states, 1 c. In Scot- 
land, 3 bo. In the United States, 2 c. 

Commons, House of: see Paeliament. 

CoMMTjSB DB Paeis [kum-mlln dtth pS-re], rev- 
olutionary committee of 1T89, V. 160 ; IX. 
500, 1 ab. RevolufJonary government of 
1871, V. 160, 2 c. Resistance to the na- 
tional government begun, 161, 3 ab. Force 
resolved upon by the government, 163, I b. 
Fraternization of the government troops 
with the communists, 2 b. The comniunists 
masters of Paris, 163, 1 a. Their triumph 
at the municipal elections, 2 c. They move 
upon VersaOles, 164, 3 h. Offensive opera- 
tions begun by government, 165, 2 b ; 166, 
3 a. Condition of Paris under CJuseret, 
166, 1 a. Incendiarism, 1G9, 1 a. Final 
struggle, 2 a. 

Communm, privileges of in the middle ages : 
see Seep, XIV. T75, 1 be. 

Communion, church, II. 292, 1 c; X. 639, 
2ab. 



COMPITALIA 



Commtinion sercice: see Lokd's Stjppei!, X. 

688, 1 a. 
Communism : see Socialism, and Blanc, Jean 

Joseph Louis. 
Communities, war of the, I. 182, 1 a. 
Comnb'nus, Byzantine family, V. 170 ; I. 244, 

2 c. See Albxk I., emperor of Trebizond 
Alexis I., of Constantinople ; Isaac I., By- 
zantine emperor ; Isaac II. ; Akt)Ronicu3 
(I., Oomnenns) ; Mantjel (I., Oomnenus) 
Aska Comnbha ; and Byzantine Empire, 
III. 516, 3 a, ab. 

CoMO, province of Italy, V. 170. Capital city, 

3 c ; view, 171. Lake of, 1 a. 
Co'monfobt, Ygnacio, Mexican statesman, V. 

171. Provisional president, 173, 1 a ; con- 
stitutional, 1 b, Espelled, 1 0. Murdered, 

Com'obin, Oape : see Cape Comohih. 

CoMOEs', county of Hungary, V. 173. Capital, 

2 a. Fortress of, v6. 

Oom'oko Isles, Mozambique channel, V. 173. 
Compamy, of infantry, X. 369, 1 b ; 270, 2 a 

272, lo; 278, la. 
Company of the Tndiee, French, X. 217, 2 b. 
Compamy of the Mimsaippi, French, X. 677, 3 1 
Company of Toyal adventurers of England 

trading to Africa, VIII. 88, 1 c. 
CoMpABATivB Anatomt, V. 172, and I. i60, 

1 bo. Skeleton, V. 173, 1 a. Form, 175, 

3 h, Nervous system, 176, 2 h. Organs of 
special sense, 177, 2 ab ; touch, 3b;' 

178, 1 b ; smell, 3 ab ; hearing, 2 c ; sight, 

179, 1 c. Organs of alimentation and diges- 
tion, 180, 1 ab. External covering, 183, 
Histoiy, 185, 1 b. Supposed founder of tho 
science, 11. 510, 1 c (Belo\). 

Comparative grammar : see Language, S. lifi, 

3 b ; 149, 2 b. 
Comparative zoology, nmseiim of at Harvard, 

VIII. 499, 1 ab. 
Compass, mariner's, V. 186 (ill,). For land 

surveying, 187, 1 be. Variation in shii> 

188, 1 a. 

Compass, Solar, V. 188 (ill.). 

Compass courses, in navigation, XII. 180, 2 b. 

O&mpaaa plant, SV. 46, 2 a. 

Compensation liar: see Colby, Thomas, V. 42, 

2 c ; Coast Survey, IV, 758, 1 c. 
Compensation pendTtlutns, IV. 697, 2 a. 
OoMPifeGNE [ko"'-pyain], town of France, V. 

189. Palace, 2 a (iU.). 

CompignaTU), countess of [kom-pe-nyfi'-no], 

(Eliaa Bonaparte Baccioohi), III, 35, 2 c. 
CoMPiTALiA, Roman festival, V. 189. 



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220 COMPLETE 

Complete protection system, in iron-tlad ships, 
IS. 38G, 1 b. 

Complexion, V, 189. Color of the negro, 
2 c, fE. Changea of color in whites, 190, 
1 a ; in negroes, 2 b. Pigment cells, 191, 

1 b. Influence of light and heat, 193, 1 a. 
Bluraonhacli's division of mankind, 193, 2 a ; 
Pickering's, 2 b. Albinos, 2 c. Influence 
of race, 194, 1 ab. Conclnsions, 1 c. 

CoMPLiNB [kom'-plin], in the Catholic breviarj, 

V. 194. 
CoMptuTEssiAs Polyblot: see Bible, IT. 610, 

2 c; Polyglot, SIII. 687, 1 c. Eeferred to, 
I. 269, 2 b ; XVI. 758, 1 c. 

Complutunif ancient town, I. 259, 2 b (AloalX 

DE Hbhaebs); II, eiO, 3 c. 
Ctmtposing and diitTibutiiig machines : see 

PBisTiHa, Xni. 848, 3 he. 
Ccmpomng stich, in printing, XIII. 847, 2 c. 
Composite Oedbe [kom-poz'-it], in ardiitec- 

ture, V. 194; I. 659, 3 h (ill., 656). 
CompoHtion, in printing, XIIL 846, 2 c; 8it, 

2 c. 
Compositor: see Pbiktik&, XIII. 846, 2 c. 
CoMWDirtfD Blowpipe : see Blowpipe. 
CoMPBESsiBiLirr, of matter, V. 194. 
Cmnpromise (Clay's), on. slavery, II. 54S, 1 b; 

IV. 655, 2 a. On the tariff, IV. 654, 2 a. 
Compromise system : see Town, XV. 828, 1 ab. 
CoMPTOH, county of Canada, V. 196. 
Compton, county seat, V. 195, 1 b. 
CoMPTON, Henry, English prelate, V. 195. 
Comptonia asplenifoUa (botany), II. 407, 1 c. 
CoM'puitGiTOBS, in Saxon law, V. 195; IX. 

721, 2 be, 732, 3 a. 

CoMSTOCK, John Lee, M. D. [kam'-stok], Amer- 
ican author, T. 195. 

Comstoch lode or ledge, VIII. 91, 3 b; XII. 
266,2 b; XV. 56, 2 c. 

CoMTir-VENAiBSis [k6"'-tA-viib-na-sil"'], terri- 
tory of France, V, 195. 

CoMTE, Angnste [ko'^t], French philosopher, 

V. 195. Ilis scheme of thought, 196, 1 o. 
See PinLosoPHT, XIII. 444, 1 c. 

CoMCS, in mythology, V. 197. 

ConiJW, M. [kUh-miis], his automaton group, 
n. 165, 1 c. 

Comynes : see Comines, 

CorwQee Anuria, Mahratta cliieftain, VII. 792, 
1 c. 

Co'iMnt, Roger; see Salbm, XIV. 562, 2 o. 

CosANT, Thomas Jefferson, American Biblical 
scholar and anther, V. 197. Hannah Chap- 
lin, anthor, 1 o. 



OONOOED 

Conea d'Oro, site of Palermo, XH. 819, 2 o. 

Cos'cAS, North and South, maritime tract of 
Britishlndia, V. 197. 

Goneedlnwnt, in insurance, IX. 317, 1 ab. 

OonceUlra're (Lat., to celebrate togetlicr): see 
Mass, XL 244, 1 o. 

CoscENTAiNA [kone-thaio-ti'-na], town of 
Spain, V. 197. 

Corwetitrators, dry, in metallui^, XL 423, 1 i.'. 

CoNOBp'cios [Sp. kone-thaip-the-oan'J, prov- 
ince of Chili, V. 198. Capital, 1 a. 

Conceptat [kone-thaip'-tass], school of, in Span- 
ish literature, XV. 231, 2 c. 

Cone^tion; see Obstetrics, XII. 568, 2 c 

Concertina [kon-ser-tc'-na], reed instrument, 
XIV. 242, 2 ab. 

CoNcn [konk], shell, V. 198. Use of in place 
of dinner bells, 1 c. 

CoKCEA, Jos6 de la [kone'-cha], marquis of 
Havana, Spanish soldier and statesman, V. 
198. Manuel de la, marquis of Donro, 2 h. 

CoKCHAS, river ; see Conchos. 

Coschifeha [ton-kif'-e-ra], bivalve moiluslis, 
V. 198 (01s., 199). 

Con'cbo, connty, V. 199. 

Conchoderma auri'ta [kon-ko-der'-ma], crusta- 
cean (ill.), IV. 612, 1 b. 

CoNCHOLOOT [kon-kol'-o-je], V. 199. Com- 
position and growth of shells, 200, 1 i! ; 
forma, 2 a; testnres, 2 b; colors, 201, 1 a. 
Univalves, 1 b (ills.). Bivalves, 3 ab (ill.). 
Fossils, 202, 2 c. Number of species, 303, 

1 b. Uses, iS. Prices of rare shells, 1 c. 
Coscnos [kone'-uhoce], river of Mexico, V. 203. 
Concilium regis, and eoncilium tecretvm,, of 

English kings; see Stab Chambeb, XV. 319, 

2 b ; XIIL 114, 1 a. 

Concilium Tridentinum: see Trent, Council of, 

CoHCiNi, Concino de' [kon-che'-ne] : see An- 
cRG, Marshal d'. 

Cok'olave, for the election of a pope, V. 203. 
Ceremonial observed in it, 204, 1 c. 

Conehuwn, in logic, X, 579, 1 a. 

Concomitance, in theology, X, 638, 2 be. 

CoNcOED [kong'-knrd], capital of New Hamp- 
shire, V. 205. State house, 1 o (ill.). 

Concord, town of Massachusetts, V. 306. Bat- 
tle of, 3 a. Settlement of: see Bulklet, 

Concord, county seat, IIL 522, 2 c. 
Con'cord, ancient symbols of, V. 208, 1 c. 
Concord, temple of at Agrigentum, I. 208, 

1.(111.). 

''Gfncord, Bovh o/," X. 731, 1 c. 



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CONCORDANCE 

Concordance, V. 207. Concordances of the 
Bible, 1 a. Concordance to bliakespeare, 

2 c; IV. 641, 2 ab; XIT. 821, 1 b. 
Concordantia ZHscordantiuTn Canonum, re- 
ferred to, T. 753, 1 a. 

Coscok'dat, ecclesiastical treaty of tbo pope 
with princes and governments, V. 207. See 
Canon Law, III. 719, 3 o. Between Caiix- 
tii3 II. and the emperor Ileiirr V., X. 183, 

3 b; between Loo X, and Francis L, VIZ. 
678, 1 c; between Napoleon I. and Pius 
TIL, 2 h ; between Pius VII. and Louis 
SVIII., 3 be; between Pius IX. and Aus- 
tria, n. 148, 1 a, 151, 1 a, 152, 1 ft. 

Concorde, Place de la [plas ddh la ko°'-kord], 
in Paris, XIIL 80, 1 b. 

OoNCOEDii, parish of Louisiana, V. 208. 

Concordia, a divinity, V. 308 (ill.). 

Goneordia, county seat, IV. 709, 1 b. 

Conoohm* Foemcu, Lutheran symbolical 
book, V. 208. 

Coneorrezenaei, niedifflvul sect, IV. 116, I b 
(Oathimsts) ; I. 2-13, 2 b (Ai,banen8eh). 

Con'cbbtb, hardeninfc composition for etruc- 
turea, V, 308. Mattrials, 2 c. Ooignet's 
process, 209, 1 b. Construction of the mole 
of Algiers, 3 b. Foundations of the East 
river bridge, 210, 1 c. Eansome'a artificial 
stone, 2 ab. Other artificial stones, 211, 

1 b. 

CoNcn'niSAGB, V. 2H. Among the ancients, 

2 b; in Eonie, 2 c; in the ohnrch, 212, 
I bo ; in Germany, 1 e; in France, 2 a; in 
China, 2 b ; in Japan, 3 c. 

OoNDAMiNE, Charles Marie de la [la ko°*-da- 
meen], French geographer, V. 312, 

Gonda'te, ancient town, XIV. 271, 1 be. 

Oohd6 [k6"-da], two towns of France, T. 213. 
CondS-anr-rEscant [-sur-!es-k6], 1 b. Cond^- 
sar-Noireau [-sflr-nwi-ro], 1 be. 

CoNDfi, name of a younger branch of the 
Bourbon family, V. 213. Louis I, de Bour- 
bon, prince de, 1 c. Henri I. de Bourbon, 
prince de, 2 a. Henri II. de Bourbon, prince 
de, 3 be. Louis II. de Bourbon (the great 
CondS), 314, 1 a. Henri Jules de Bour- 
bon, prince de, 215, 1 a. Louis III. de 
Bonrbon, duke de Bourbon -Oondfi, 1 ab. 
Louis Henri de Bonrbon, duke de Bourbon 
and Enghien: see Bodbbon, Louia Henri. 
Louis Joseph de Bourbon, prince de Conde, 
1 be. Louis Henri Joseph de Bourbon, duke 
de Bourbon and last prince de Oond6 ; see 
(, Loais Henri Joseph. Louise Ade- 



CONFAEREATION 



221 



lalde de Bourbon, 215. 3 a. House of Con- 
d6 referred to, IIL 157, 1 b. 

CoNDB, JosS Antonio [kone'-(Aa], Spanish ori- 
entalist and historian, V. 213. 

Condi, prinemt de (niece of Bichelieu and wife 
of tlie great Oond^), place of her imprison- 
ment, IV. 334, 3 c. 

Condenser, ia a steam engine, XV. 341, 2 c. 
For sulphuric acid, 459, 2 a. 

Condenser, ackromatie, in a microscope, XI. 
519, 1 b. Bull's-eye condenser, 2 b. 

Condtnaen, eleetrk, VI. 509, 3 a (ill.) ; XI. 17, 
1 a. 

Condeneing glames, in a telescope, XV. 632, 2 b. 

CosDER, Josiab. English publisher and author, 
V. 215. 

OoNDiLLAC, fitieniie Bounot de [k6'«-de-yak], 
French philosopher, V. 216. See Moral 
Philosophy, XI. 813, 2 a; Philosophy, 
XIII. 441, 3 a, 444. I a. Hia power of rea- 
soning in sleep, VL 254, 2 c. 

Conditional ia^tism, II. 293, 1 a. 

Condivicnwn, ancient town: see Naktes, 

Condom [kiV'-dO™"], town of France, V. 316. 
Bishop of: see Bossuet, IU. US, 1 a. 

Condor, bird, V. 217 (ill.). 

CoNDOBOET, Marie Jean Antoine Nieolaa Oari- 
tat, marquis de [ka''-dor-s3], French savant 
and author, V. 318. See Moeal Philoso- 
phy, XL 812, 3 b. His power of reasoning 
in sleep, VL 254, 3 o. Marie Louise Sophie 
de, author, T. 319, 1 c. 

CosiHDTTiBRi [kon-dot-tc-S'-re], mediasval lead- 
ers of mercenaries, V. 319. 

Conduetwi arid non-coitductors : see Eleo- 
TRidTT, VI. 501, 1 be ; Galvanism, VIL 
596, 1 c; Hbat, VIIL 672, 1 c. 

Gondveti, chaplains, VI. 763, 1 c. 

Conduhnero, Gabnele [kon-dool-nia'-roj, (Pope 
Eugenius IV.), VI. 778, 3 a. 

Condylu'ra (zoology), XI. 705, 1 be; 706, 
1 ob. 0. cristata, 1 b (ill.). 

Condyle liquid, tooth wash, XI. 104, 1 a. 

Cose, in geometry, V. 319. 

Conk, Spencer Houghton, American clergy- 
man, V. 220. 

CoNEOL-H [ko-ne'-ka], county, V. 330. 

OoNBJOS [ko-n6'-hoce ; Rp. ko-na'-'hoce], coun- 
ty, V. 220. 

CoNB Shells, V. 331 (ills.). 

CoKESTo'oAS, tribe of Indians, V. 221. 

CoNEWANGO Creek [kon-e-wfing'-go], V. 221. 

OosBT Island, New York, V. 221. 

CoNFARBBATioN, Bomau marriage, V. 221, 



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232 CONFECTIONERY 

Confectionery, colored., adnlteration of, I. 133, 
%&. 

Confection of dog rose, XIV. 437, 2 ab. 

Confederacy ofBeloa, VIII. 190, 2 e. 

Confederalists, party in the United Evangeli- 
cal church, XVI. IIT, 1 ab. 

CoifFBBBBATB StATE8 OF AmEEICA, V. 221. 

Secession of South CaroliHH, 222, 1 a, ff.; 
declarations of reasons, 1 b, 223, 1 a. Se- 
cession of other atatcB, 3 be. A. H. Ste- 
phens's address against the secession of 
Georgia, 334, 1 b. Efforts for oonciliatioii, 
235, 2 a. Break-up of Buchanan's cabinet 
on the question of relieving Fort Sumter, 
226, 3 a. Lincoln's inauguration, 227, 1 a. 
Constitution of the Confederate States, 1 c. 
Their government organized, 228, 1 a. Vice 
President Stephens's address on its princi- 
ples, 1 b. Position of the border Btat«8, 
3 a ; of the free states, 2 b. Importance of 
Fort Sumter, 339, 1 ab; its surrender, 3 a. 
President Lincoln's call for troops, 3 be. 
Secession of Virginia, ifec,, 230, 1 c. Con- 
federate preparations for war, 2 e,; federal, 
231, 1 b. Comparative view of the sections, 
2 a. End of the struggle, 233, 1 be. Main 
events of the war, 1 c. Bibliography, 2 c. 

Confederate ateamerg, constraction of in France 
forbidden, II. 583, 1 a ; allowed in Great 
Britain, X. i94, 1 a. 

Confederation of Bar, II. 2S4, 2 a; IV. 313, 
1 a; XIIL 647, 3 a. 

Confederation of Kilkenny, IX. 358, 1 be. 

Confederation of the Wdne : see Rhenish 

CoHyBDEBiTIOIJ'. 

Confederation of the United States, period of 

the, XVI. 160, 2 a. 
Coiiferenee, Methodist, XI. 461, 2 a ; 452, 2 b ; 

455, 1 b, 3 c, ff. 
Co^ference itland, in the Bidasaoa, II. 634, 3 c. 
Confe/iw (botanj), VII. 248, 2 a. 
Conferral: see Alg^. 
Confenio Amantis, Gower's, VIII. 134, 1 a, 

ab; VL 633, 1 be. 
CoJifemo Bohemica, referred to, li. 787, 1 b. 
CoKPESsioN, Auricular, V, 238. 
Confestionandawidanee, in law, XIII. 607, 3 b. 
a^eesion of the four cities. III. 377, 1 ab. 
Confessor, title of, in distinction from martyr, 

XI. 214, a a. 
Confetti, used in the carnival, IV. 10, 1 be. 
CoNFiKMATios, ecclesiastical rite, V. 333. Con- 

firmatio confessionis, 234, 1 a. 
Comfigcation, origin of the word, VII. 216, 1 a. 



COXGEEGATIONALISM 

CosFLAGEATiOM', V. 234. Destruction of Nine- 
veh and Babylon, 1 b; of other ancient 
cities, 3a; of Jerasalem, 2 c ; of Carthage, 
&c., 235, 1 a. First general conflagration 
of Rome, 1 b. Conflagrations in Constanti- 
nople, 3 a; London, 3 be; Copenhagen, 236, 
1 ; Moscow, *5. ; Hamburg, 2 c ; Paris, 237, 
1 a; China and Japan, 1 ab; New York, 

1 b; San Francisco, 1 c; Colombia, S. C, 

2 a; Charleston, 3 b; Portland, Me,, ifi.; 
Chicago, 1 c; Boston, 238, 1 ab. 

Confiuen'te», ancient town; see Ooblentz. 

Confraternities (f charity : see Paul, Vincent 
de, Xin. 175, 2 c. 

Confraternity, secular, VIII. 304, 2 a ; re- 
ligions, 808, 1 a. 

CosTuoiDS, Chinese philosopher, V. 238 (ill.). 
Character of hia teachings, 239, 1 be. Works 
of, IV. 471, 1 a, c. 

Conoakek', river of South Carolina, V. 239. 

Cotiger eel [kong'-gber], VI. 447, 1 b (ill.) ; so 
called, II. 710, 3 be. 

Conger omidentalis (ichthyology), VI. 447, 1 c 
(ill.). C. vulgaris, 3 a. 

OoKGESTioN', V. 239. Stage of, in inflamma- 
tion, IX. 275, 2 ab. 

Congestiw chill, VII. 165, 1 c. 

Congiaria: see Lotteet, X. 647, 1 a. 

CouoLETorr, town of England, V. 240. 

CoNGLETON, Henry Brooke Parnell, lord, Eng- 
lish statesman and author, V. 340. 

Conglomerate, rock, V. 240 ; III. 240, 2 c. 

Congo, country of Africa, V. 240. Natives, 
241, 1 be (ill.). Ciaaaes of society, 241, 3 a. 

OoKoo, river, V. 341. See Lualaba (Index). 

Congo Snakb, V. 243 (ill.). 

CongregaMo de Propaganda Fide: see Pkoi-a- 

Congregation, aa distinguished from church, V. 
242, 3 c. 

Congregatim, of the Holy OfBce, IX. 296, 1 a 
and li. Of the Index, IX. 199, 2 c. Of the 
Most Holy Redeemer: see Rbdemptomsts, 
and XL 731, 1 c. Of procurators (Jesuit), 
IX. 627, 2 c. Of St. Maur (Benedictine), II. 
520, 1 a; XI. 731, 1 b. Of St. Paul the 
Apostle (Paulists), VIII. 602, 1 bo. 

Congregation, general, of the Jesuits, IX. 637, 

3 c ; provincial, ib. 

Congregation, lords of the, in the Scottish 
church, SHI. 810, 1 be. 

CoNOKEGATioKALisM, form of church polity, 
V. 343. Viewed in the common and strict- 
ly denominational sgnse, 2 ab. Church or- 



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CONGRESS 

ganizatioa, 2 b. Internal structure of a 
Congregational cliurch, 343, 1 b. Church 
service, 2 be. QQalificatioDS for the minia- 
try, 344, 1 a. Government and mutual fel- 
lowship of churches, 1 b. Doctrines, 3 c. 
History, 243, 1 c. Character of the minis- 
try, 246, 1 ab. Liberality of Congregation- 
aliats, 1 be. Publications and societies, 1 e. 
Writers and authorities, 2 e. 

Congress, V. 347. Of the United States, 1 b ; 
XVI. 140, 2 0. First proposal for a gen- 
eral congress, VIII. 063, 3 o. Stamp act 
congress, Xil. 731, 1 c. " Old eoutinental," 
XVI. 155, 2 ab; XI. 741, 2 e; first session 
of, S. 291, 1 c ; second sesaon, 293, 1 o. 
Chaplain of proposed and chosen, 1. 109, 1 b. 
Congress of the Spanish republics and of the 
Spanish cortes, V. 247, 1 b. 

Con^resg of Aix-la-ChapeUe, of 1668, I. 324, 
Ic; of 1818, 2 a. 

Congressional epeechea, first reported in short- 
hand, VII. 563, 2 b. 

CosaBEVB, William, English dramatist, V. 347. 

CoNGEEVB, Sir William, engineer, V. 347. 

CoNi, province of Italy, V. 247. City, 248. 1 a. 

Conici, alkaloid, V. 249, 3 a. 

Con'io Sections, V. 248; VII. 701, 1 b. 

Comm'hrUa, ancient city, V. 23, 2 c (OoiMBKi). 

Co'ninoton, John, EngHsh author, V. 248. 

Gonini [ko-nS'-ne], fern, VII. 110, 1 c. 

Coniomyc^tes (fungi), VIX. 533, 2 a. 

CosHJM, genus of plants, V, 249. C. macula- 
tum, 1 a (ill.). Medicinal use of, 1 e. 

Gonjagata, in engraved gems, VII. 603, 2 c. 

Coiyjigation, in plants, XIII. 574, 1 b. 

Conjune'tiva, membrane of the eye, VII. 46, 2 c. 

OonjuTietwi'tis, disease of the eye, XII. 646, 1 b. 

CoNNAUGHT, province of Ireland, V. 241f, 

Conneau, Dr. [ktlh-nO] : see ISonapabte, III. 
49, 1 b and c, 

Con'neadt, village of Ohio V 24^ 

Connecticut [kon-net e kut] state ^ 34** 
State seal, 250. Population 1 c Topog 
raphy, 351, 1 a. &eology and minerals 
3 c Climate, 253 2 b Soil and produc 
tions, 2 0. Manntaotnres 2)3 3 a Com 
tnerce, 354, 1 b. Railroads, 2 b. Banks, 
&c., 355, 1 Ir. Constitution and government, 
255, 3 b. Finances, 356, 3 e. Public institu- 
tions, 257, 1 be. Education, 258, 2 b. Li- 
braries, newspapers, ifcc, 360, 1 b. Churches, 
1 c. History, 2 a. 

Cotmeetieut Hue laws : see Blub Laws (Indes). 

OoNNEOTiouT River, V. 261. 



CONSERVATORES 223 

Connecticut S'isquehamut, company: see Wto- 

CoNNEMAEA [kon-ne-mfi'-ra], district of Ireland, 

V. 262. 
CoNKEE : see Peech, XIII. 284, 1 b (ill.). 
Conner, David, American naval officer, V. 262. 
ConnersHlle, county seat, VII. 103, 1 b. 
Connocketes [kon-no-k^'-teez], (zoSlogy), VIII. 

65, 1 be. 
Gorwceph'alus en'siger (entomology), VIII. 170, 

2 ab. 
Conohassei, river and town, V. 20, 1 c. 
Con'oUy, Capt.^ English otHcer murdered in 

Bokhara, IL 7i)9, 2 c; XVI. 698, I b. 
CoNOLLY, John, English physician, V. 262, 
CoNON, Athenian general and admiral, V. 262. 
Conop'idtE (entomology), VI. 130, i b. 
Conquest, marquis of the, title of descendants 

of Pizarro, XIIL 566, 1 ab. 
CoNiiAD, four kings of Germany, V. 363. 
Conrad, lord of Tyre, U. 25, 3 c. 
Conrad, Karl Immanuel, German painter, V. 

304. 
Co\HAD, Robert T., American jurist and au- 
thor, V. 364. 
Cos'radin, duke of Swabia, last of the Hohen- 

Btaufen, V. 264; IV. 299, 1 c, 2 a; VIIL 

297, 1 a. 
CoNEiNG, Hermann, German philosopher and 

author, V. 264. Elisa Sophie, baroness von 

Reichenbach, poetess, 36d, 1 a. 
ConsacT^a're (Lat., to sacrifice together), 

XI. 244, 1 c (Mass). 
CoNSALVi, Eroole, Roman cardinal, V, 265. 

His just and humane administration as head 

of the government, 1 c. 
Consanguinity, modes of estimating the degree 

of, VI. 39, 1 ab. 
CossoiBNOB, Hendrik [ko'''-se-a"B], Flemish 

novelist, V; 265. 
Conaeil des etats [ki3""-say' da zii-ta], in Switz- 

eiland XV 838, 1 a. 
Comena ts party in the United Evangelical 

ohoroh XVI 117, 1 b. 
Consensus Sandomiriemia, II. 787, 1 ab. 
Consentm ancient town, V. 390, 2 ab. 
Conservation qf force: see Coekelation of 

FOBCBS. 

ConserBation and perpetual creation, VI. 37, 
2 c (Descaetes). 

English politics, XVL 595, 



Gmsemato'ret pa'cis, old English law officers, 
IX. 725, 2 b. 



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CONSERVATOEY 



Contercatcry : see GsKENUorsE, Till. 231, I b. 

First furnished with glass roofs, IX. 6, 2 c. 

CoNsinftBAKT, Victor [ko'^-se-d^-rfL™], French 



CONSTANTIUS I. 



CoNsiDEBATiON : See Contract, V. 290, 1 h. 

ConrignaU, comifftiatio, amiignatorium : see 
CoJ^rntMATioN, V, 283, 2 o. 

Contisten'tes : see Pbsanob, XIII. 245, 1 a. 

GoTmatorial adweates, V, 266, 3 a. 

CossiSTOBY, V. 2S6. In the Eoman Catholic 
church, 1 c. In English law, 2 a. In some 
of the reformed churches, ib. In the Re- 
formed (Dutch) church in America, XIV. 



Gonsociatw 



L Congregstionalisin, V. 344, 



Conaolamentum, Catharist rite, IV, 116, 2 a. 
C<m»olaio del mar [kOD-so-la'-to], maritime law, 

n. S04, 2 a ; S. 319, 2 a. 
C'oTUolidated annuitim : see Co.vsols, 
Cossots, British consolidated debt, V. 266, 
Coneonawie and diuonaiiee, Helraholtz'a theory 

of, XII. 85, 1 b. 
Coneoitarttal alphabet, I. 848, 2 ab. 
CoNSPiBACT, in criminal law, V. 266. 
Oon^iraey to murder bill, Palmerston's, XIII. 



Origin of, 



CosSTASLE, civil officer, 
425, 2 c. 

CossTABiB, Archibald, Scottish publisher, V. 
26T. 

Constable, John, English painter, V. 26T, 

Constance, city of Badon, V, 26T (view). 
Minster, 2 b. Lake of, 2 c; upper and low- 
er, 268, 1 a. Conference for regulating its 
navigation (1855), alluded to, III. 244, 1 b. 

Constance, Council of, V. 208. See Huss, 
IX. 91, 1 bo; Gbkson, VII. TT7, 1 b; Mab- 
TiN v., XI, 208, 3 b; Mosachism, 730, 2 ab. 

Coitetaitce Faulcim : see Cosstantin Faulcoit. 

Comta'm, son of the nsnrper Constantine, XVI. 
663, 2 ab ; 564, 1 b. 

Constant II., emperor of the East, III. 514, 2 c. 

CosSTiNB, Flatius Julius, emperor of Eome, 
V. 268. 

Constant db REBEcgCE, Henri Benjamin [kO"'- 
stit"* diih rfih-bek], French orator and author, 
T. 269. 

Gmstaatia, ancient towns, V. 267, 2 a (Con- 
btanoe); VII. 654, 2 a (Gaza); X. 66, 1 b 

(KrSTBNDJl). 

Constantia Gaatra: see Coutancbs. 
CoNSTANTriT, Abraham [kO'i-stft^-tfi"*], Swiss 
painter, V. 269. 



FiUM 



, Greek adventnrer, T. 



CossTASTiNE [Fr. ko°''Sta°«-teen], province of 
Algeria, V. 270. Capital city, 1 c (view), 

Con'stantine, name of about thirteen empe^- 
ors, V. 270. 

CosSTANTiNB I, (the Great), Caius Flavins 
Aurelius Clandius, emperor of Rome, V. 270. 
His political crimes, 271, 1 c. His recogni- 
tion of Clirlstianity, 2 a. Coin of (ill,), 2 b. 
Military standard of, X. 68, 1 be (ill.). Sup- 
posed to have constructed tht walls of Lon- 
don, 618, 2 c. Transfer of the capital from 
Eome to Byzantium, XIV. 408, 1 e. His 
division of the empire, 2 a. See CrviL Law, 
IV. 622, 1 c. 

Cojtstantine, areh of, XIV. 413, 2 c (ill.). Char- 
acter of its sculptures, 720, 2 c. 

CoHSTABTiSB II., cmperor of Eome, V. 371. 

OoNSTANTrsB IV. (Pogonatus), emperor of the 
East, V. 372; IIL 515,1 a. 

OoKSTANTiNE V. (Copronymns), emperor of the 
East, V. 272; III. 615, 1 bo. 

CoNBTANiiNB VI., emperor of the East, V. 273. 

CoNSTAMTiKB VII. (Porphyrogeuitus), emperor 
of the East, V. 273. New edition of the 
Basilica undertaken by him, IV, 625, 1 ab. 

Constantine XIII. (Palieologus), last emperor 
oftheEast, V. 273. 

Constantine, Eoman usurper, XVI. 563, 3 ab ; 
564, 1 b, be. 

Constantine (JSyhanut), founder of the Pauli- 
cians, XIII. 177, 2 b. 

Constantine NrKOLAYEViTcii, grand duke of 
Russia, V. 273, 

Constantine Pavlovitch, grand duke of Rus- 
sia, V. 373. 

CoNSTAHinNoPLB, Capital of Turkey, V. 274 
(view). Streets, &c., 1 c. Bazaars, 275, 1 a 
(ill.). Seraglio, 1 c (ill.). St. Sophia (mosque 
of Agia Sofia), 276, 1 a (ill., 275). Ruins of 
the aqueduct of Valena (ill.), 1 be. Cistema 
baailica, 2 b (ill.). Schools, ih. Suburbs, S c. 
History, 277, 2 b. Made the capital of tho 
Eoman empire, 271, 2 b. Conflagrations in, 
235, 2 a ; 274, 2 c. Burning of the public 
library, II, 864, 1 c ; of the library of St, So- 
phia, X, 350, 2 a. Sieges by the Saracens, X. 
350, 1 b ; Bulgarians, 3 be ; crusaders, V. 530, 
1 b; Turks, IL 227, 2 a, and XI. 696, 2 b. 

OoNBTANtrNOPLB, Councils of, V. 277. 

Constantinople nuts, VIII. 656, 1 b. 

CoNSTANTiua I. (Ohloms), Roman empei'or, V. 
278. OonstantiusII., 2c; enforces religious 



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CONSTANT 

creeds and nniformity o£ faith, 279, 1 
Constantiiis, Roman general, 279, I c. 
Constant KoUadia, nom de plume, X. 283, 3 

CONSTELLATIOSS, V. 379. 

COBSTITUBNT AsSKMBLT : See OoNSTITPTIONAL 
CONVENTIOM. 

Constitution, written, the first in history, V. 

260, 2 b. See Till. 547, 2 c. 
Gonstitation, frigate, IX, 39, 2 be. Crnises of, 

XV. S83, 1 b. See Feeble, Edwurd. 
Constitution {Conatitutttm) of Pope Vigtlitis, 

V. 278, 1 be. 
Conttitutioit of tlie third of S^tember, VII. 

386, 3b; of the year three, 889, 2 c. 
CoNSTimTioNAL OoNVBNTioH, V. 279. Of the 

United States, 3 c. Correspond ing bodies 

in France : assemblfie oonstituante, 280, 1 c; 

nationale, i£. ; Mgislattve, 3 c. 
Conttittitional liberty, progress of in England : 

see Ebskine, VI. 720, 1 a, fE. 
Comtitutio'nes Apostol'ietB, III. 717, 2 c. 
Conatiluti^ms, ^werfcara, John Adams's defence 

of, I. 90, 1 a. 
Constitution of Clarendon, V. 149, 2 a; IV. 

635, 1 be; n. 441, 1 b; VIII. 643, 2 c. 
Constitution- Unionpartp, in the United States, 

X 491, 3 b. 
Constrictor isthmi faueitim (anatomy), XII. 

817, 2 be. 
CoTntrietors (anatomy), superior, middle, and 

inferior, XIII. 382, 3 c. 

n the Lutheran church, X. 



CONVENTION" 



225 



733, 1 c. 

Consul, V. 281. Execntive officer of ancient 
Eome, 1 ab ; of the French repnblio, 1 c. 
Commercial agent, 2 ab. Authority of, X. 
235, 1 b; privileges of, 336, 1 ab. 

Conaula'rea fasti, Til. 93, 3 c. 

Comultum, body of Catholic theologians, IX. 
199, a c. 

Conaumo, Portuguese wine, XIII. 745, 1 b. 

CoNauMPTioH, disease, V. 383. Acute, 2 ab ; 
chronic, 3 c. Process of development, 283, 
1 e. Galloping consumption, 284, 1 ab. 
Diagnosis, 1 b. Canses, 1 o. Possibility of 
reeorery, 386, 1 b. Eemedies, 1 e. 

Contact theory, in galvanism, VIT. 593, 3 c. 

CosTAoiou, V. 386. 

CosTAEiNi [kon-ta-re'-ne], Venetian family, V. 
386. Andrea, doge, 2 a. Ambrogio, am- 
bassador, 3 ab. Giovanni, painter, 2 b. 

Contempt, in law, V. 286. In le^slative bod- 
ies, 287, 1 e. 

CoNXi, Princes de [ko"-t8], French family, V. 



287. Frangois de Bourbon, 1 c. Louise 
Marguerite de Lorraine, princess de, 2 a. 
Armand de Bourbon, 2 b. Louis Armand 
de Bourbon, 2 be. Frangois Louia de Bour- 
bon, 3 c. Louis Francois dc Bourbon, 288, 
1 a. Louis Francois Joseph de Bourbon, ti. 
House of Conti referred to, III. 157, 1 b. 

Gonti, Giovanni [kon'-te], (Pope John XL), 
IS. 647, 1 b. 

Conti, Giorranni Zotario (Pope Innocent III.), 



IX. i 



I, la. 



Goftti, Ottatiano (Pope John XII.), IX. 647, 1 b. 
Continental eongresi, proposed in Boston, I. 

109, 1 a. See Oongkbss (Index). 
Continental Ststem, Napoleon's, V. 388. 
ConUnuwnces, in courts of law, XIV. 231, 3 be. 
Continuous gum, in dentistry, VI. 24, 1 bo. 
Gonto'pus ti're 

(ill-). 
Contourne [fco 

673, 1 b. 
Con'i 



t (ornithology), XIII. 376, 2 a 
L heraldry, VIII. 






Contraband of war, 
1 a; X. 228, 2 b. See NEUTBALrrr, XII. 
261, 1 a. 

Contrabands, slaves so called, IIL 490, 1 a. 

Contra Costa, coimty, V. 289. 

Contra Go»ta hills, California, III. 600, 1 b. 

OoNTBAcrr, in law, V. 289. Essential roles, 
390, 1 b; competency of the parties, 1 o; 
consideration, 2 b ; lawfulness, 291, 1 a ; 
te loci and fori, 1 b. Remedies, 1 c. See 
Feattds, Statute of, and Usubt. — Contract 
of hiring, X. 557, I c. Contract made on 
Sunday, 636, 2 b, ff. Contract of marriage. 



XI. 1 



I, la 



Contractility : see Physiology, XIII. 486, 2 a. 

Contra- Remonstrants, Oalvinist pajty in Hol- 
land, L 738, 1 o; XIL 248, 1 b-c; XIV. 
255, 1 a. 

CosTRAYERVAfkon-tra-ySr'-va], medicinal root, 
V. 291. 

CoNTEEBAS [kone-tra'-rSss], village of Mexico, 
V. 391. Battle of: see CHUKrsrBco. 

Gon-u'rus (ornithology), S. 770, 2 o. 0. Caro- 
linensis, XIII. 125, 3 o (ill., 126). 

CoNiTS : see Cone Sheli.s. 

Conmalla'ria maja'lU (botany), X. 473, 2 a (ill.). 

Content ; see Morasteet, XL 734, 1 c. 

Coment ofeorh, near Cintra, IV. 603, 1 a. 

OOMVKNTIOtE, V. 291, 

Convention, in diplomacy, V. 291. In French 
history, 3 c; VII. 388, 1 a. In the United 
States, V. 292, 1 ab. In the polity of the 
Congregational ehnreh, 344, 1 c. 



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226 CONVENTUALS 

Conventuals, division of the Franciscans, VII, 

428, 1 a. Dress of, 437, 1 b. 
CoNvKRSANO [kon-vair-sa'-no], town of Italy, 



Conmert^, for Besaemer steel, XV. 859, 2 ab, 
ff.(illa., 859, 860). 

CoNVBYANOE, in law, V. 292 ; XIV. 559, 1 c. 

ConvicU, transportation of, XIV, 7, 2 b ; 13, 
2ab. 

CoNVoCiTios, in the English church, V. 292. 

OoNTOL'yuLxis, genus of plants, V. 393. 0. 
Japonions, 1 b (ill.). C. scammonia, 1 c; 
XIV. 662, 1 b (ill.). 0. Mauritanicus, V. 
293, 1 c. C. batatas, H. ; XIII. 767, 2 a. 

CoswAT, county of Arkansas, V. 293. 

OoNWAY, town of New Hampshire, V. 293. 

CojnTAY, town of Wales, V. 293. Castle and 
bridge, 2 c (ill.). 

Conway, Moncure Daniel, Amerioaa author, 
V. 394. 

Conway, Thomas, American revolutionary 
soldier, V. 294. Conway's cabal, 2 a; al- 
luded to, I. 387, 3 b ; VII. S45, 1 a. 

Gonwayborough, county seat, VIII. 834, 3 b. 

Conwy ; see Cohway, Wales. 

Cohy; see Rabbit. 

Co:i$BEAEB, John [ko '-no-beer], English prel- 
ate, V. 294. John Josias, divine and anti- 
quary, 2 bo. William Daniel, divine and 
geologist, 2 e. William John, clergyman 
and anthor, 295, 1 ab. Heni-j, civil en- 
^neer, 1 b. 

Con'yera, county seat, XIV. 367, 1 c. 

Cook, two counties, V. 295. 

Cook, Charles, English clergyman, V. 395. 

Cook, Eliza, English authoress, V. 295. 

Cook, James, English navigator, V. 296 ; I. 
343, 2 bo (Alaska). 

OooKB, George Frederick, actor, V. 297. 

Cooke, George Wingrove, lawyer, V.-397. 

Cooke, John Eodgers, American jurist, V. 297. 
Philip Pendleton, poet, 3 a. John Esten, 
author, 3 c. 

CoOKBKT, V. 398. Egyptian, 1 b; Greek, 1 c; 
Roman, 2 b, c; modem European, 299, 3 b; 
French, 300, 1 b. Processes in cookery, 2 b. 
National dishes, 3 c. Cook hooks, ib. 

Coolery hooh, the earliest^ I. 534, 1 b. 

Cooking, effect of, I. 317, 1 h ; V. 300, 2 b. 

CooKHAN, George G., American clergyman, 
V. 301. 

Cook's Islands, Pacific ocean, V. 301. 

Cook's Strait, New Zealand, V. 301. 

CooKSTowN town of Ireland, V. 301. 



COPAIFERA 

CooUr, in sugar making, XV. 446, 1 b, 2 ab. 

CoOLET, Thomas Mclntyre, American jurist, 

V. 301. 
Cooling, Newton's law of, VIII. 570, 2 b. 

Cool tankards, drink. III. 88, 2 a, 

CooLY, eastern laborer, V. 801. Origin and 
meaning of the name, 2 c ; IX. 215, 1 c. 
Traffic in coolies, and laws for their protec- 
tion, V. 802, 1 a, fl. Importation from In- 
dia, 1 a ; from China, 803, 1 c. American 
law against the trafSc, 304, 1 c. Coolies in 
Cuba, 2 ab ; in Peru, 305, 1 ab. Statistics 
of the cooly trafBc, 2 c. See Cuba, V. 547, 
1 he; Pebd, XIII. 339, 1 c,ff.; Macao, X. 
766, 1 he. Employment of South sea island- 
ers on plantations, V. 306, 1 bo. 

CooMABSiB : see Koomasbie. 

Goon: see Racooos, XIV. 161, 3 b. Coon 
huntiog, -iS. 

Cooper, county, V. 306. 

Cooper, county seat, V. 786, 2 c. 

Cooper, Anthony Ashley : see Shaftesbury. 

Cooper, Sir Astley, English snrgeon, V. 306. 

Cooper, James Fenimore, American novelist, 
V. 807; XVI. 195, 3 e. Susan Fenimore, 
writer, V. 309, 1 b. 

OooPEE, Peter, American philanthropist, V, 
809, Cooper Institute, 3 e. 

Cooper, Samuel, American clergyman, V. 310. 

Cooper, Tliomas, American scholar and politi- 
cian, V. 310. 

Cooper, Thomas, English chartist, V. 310. 

Co OPER, Thomas Sidney, Engl ishpainter,V.310. 

Cooperation, XV. 139, 3 a; 142, 2 a. 
class of Alabama si 



ists, I. 233, 1 a. 

CooPKEATivE Associations ; see Socialism, 
XV. 143, 2 a. 

Cooper River, South Carolina, V. 311. 

CooPEEBTowN, village of New York, V. 311. 

Coordinates, in analytical geometry, Descartes's 
method, I. 46.6, 1 a. Coordinate planes, 1 b. 

Cooua, district of Hindostan, V. 311. Inhabi- 
tants, IX. 215, 3 c. 

Goonihert [kom'-hert] : see Coeshebt. 

Cofls [ko-os'J, two counties, V. 311. 

Coosa, county, V. 311. 

Coosa, river, V. 311. 

Coot, bird, V. 313 (ill.) ; VI. 391, 1 a. Butter- 
hill coot^ 1 c. 

Gop, fish ; see Chub. 

Copaiba [ko-pS'-ba] : see Balsams, II. 260, 1 a. 

Gopaifera officina'lis [ko-pa-if -e-ra], (botany), 
II. 250, 1 a (ill.) i m. 338, 2 a. 



,y Google 



COPAIS 

Oopa'is, lake of Bcootia, V. 313 ; II. 774, 3 a 

Oo'PAL, V. 812 (ill). Varaiah from, 313, 1 c. 
Copan', towB and ruined city of Honduras, 
V. 313 (ill). Remains of, I. 898, 3 a {01.). 
Copflj^ceraary, apecies of estate, VI. 733, 1 a. 
Coparceners, in law, XIII. 137, 1 b. 
G<fpaTGsny, in English commoa law, VI. 89, 1 c. 

OOPAETNEBSHIP : See PAltXHEESniP. 

Cope, OharleB West, English painter, V. 313. 

Cope, Edward Drintor, American naturalist, 
V. 314. Views on evolution, VII. 12, I a. 

Cope, Sir John, English general, IV. 313, 1 b. 

Cope of a moulding fla^k, IV. 76, 1 a (ill.). 

CopEHTtA'eEN, capital of Denmark, V. 814. 
Eiohange (ill.), 3 c. Thorwaldaen's mu- 
seum, 815, 1 c (ill., 814). History, 316, 1 a. 
Bombardment by the English, 1 b. Oonfla- 
grationa in, 286, 1 e. 

Copenhagen Fields, London, X. 613, 1 c. 

Copemicia cerifera (botany), XIII. 21, 1 a. 

Copbe'nious, Nikoiaus, astronomer, V. 816. 
His explanation of the pianotary motions, 
1 : see Astbonomt, II. 44, 3 c. Supposed 
indebtedness to Capella, III. 749, 1 c. 

Copi'An, county, V. 816. 

CopiAPO [ko-pe-a-po'J, city of Chili, V. 318. 

Copland, James, English physician, V. 817. 

OoPLKSTON, Edward, English bishop and 
writ«r, V. 317. 

Copley, Join Singleton, American painter, V. 
317. 

COPPEE, V. 317. Use of by ancient and priraL- 
tive races, 3 b. Its qnalities, 818, 1 c. 
Compounds with oxygen, 2 b. Uses of its 
salts in the arts, 2 c. Sonrces of copper, 
319, 1 b: see Copper Mines. Its uses, 2 c. 
Alloys, 820, 1 a. Medicinal use of sulphate 
of copper, 1 b. — Occurrence of copper 
quartz veins, VIII. 77, I c, XI. 679, 1 
in fissure veins, XI. 580, 1 b. Alloys of 
copper with gold, VI. 24, 3 a, ffi,Vm. 78, 
1 b; with silver, XV. 47, 2 c, 48, 1 a, c, 2 a; 
with zmc, HI. 213, 1 ab; with zinc and tin, 
#., XVI. 817, 1 b. Use of copper in the 
extraction of gold, VIII. 85, 2 b ; of silver, 
XV. 50, 3 c, 61, 1 b, 53, 1 e, 3 c, 53, lb; 
in assaying, II. 39, 1 a; for money: 
CoiKS, and Money ; for sheathing of ships, 
XIV. 860, 3 a. Plating of with tin, XV. 
764, 1 b. 
Cojyier, argmtiferous gray, V. 819, 3 b ; XV. 

60, 1 c. ■ 
Copper, sulphate of, V. 318, 2 o; SV. 454, 



COPYRIGHT 



227 



Use of in medicine, V. 820, I b ; in coloring 
pickles, Xm. 499, 1 c. 
CoppKBAS, V. 820 ; IX. 366, 1 b ; XV. 454, 1 bo. 

Copper glatiee, V. 319, 2 a. 

CoppEKHEAD, snake, V. S30 (iU.). 

Coppering, in faro, VII. 89, 2 b. 

OoPPEEMisE Rives, British America, V. 331. 

CoppEB Mines, V. 321, In Sweden and Nor- 
way, 2 a; Germany, 3 b; Italy, 322, 1 a; 
Spain, 3 a; England, 2 ab ; United States, 
323, 1 c, IX. 428, 3 c; Canada and New- 
foundland, V. 324, 2 a; Cuba, 3b; South 
America, iS. ; Australia, 3 c ; Asia and Afri ■ 
Cft, 325, 1 b. Total production, 1 c. 

Coppbeplate: see EKftEAViBO, VI. 649, 1 b; 
651, 1 be. Copperplate printing of calico, 
IH. 595, 2 c. 

Copper powder, for bronzing, IH. 315, 3 b. 

Gop'pers, class of butterflies, III, 500, 1 e. 

Copper dher glance, XV. 50, 1 ab. 

CoppEB Smbltino, V. 835. Treatment of ores, 
2 a; Napier's method, 2 c; Longniaid's, 
836, 1 c; Monnier'a, 2 ab; Hunt and Doug- 
las's, 3 b. Smelting works, 827, 1 a. 

CoPPET [kup-pa], Swiss village, V. 827. 

Coppra, dried meat of oocoanut, XIV. 592, 1 a. 

Copp's hUl, in Boston, III. 116, 1 b. 

Gopri'ni (fiingi), rapid growth of, VII. 580, 1 a. 

Cop'eolites, fossil excrements, V. 327; X. 
479, 1 a. 

Copron'ymvs, surname of Constantirie V., V. 
272, 1 c. 

CcpropA'agi (entomology), XIV. GG3, 2 be. 

Cftptic Ch/rktians, XI. 648, 1 be. 

Coptic Language, V. 327. 

Coptic Utarffief: see Copts, V. 333, 1 b. 

Coptic manvKripts, key to the written char- 
acters discovered, I. 336, 1 c. 

Coptic version of the Scriptures: see Mem- 
philic '(Index). 

CopTia, goldthread, V. 830. C. trifolia, 1 b. 

Copts, V. 330 (ill.). Religion, 2 a. Convents, 
331, 1 0. Baptism, 2 b. Circumcision, ib. 
Churches, 3 c; subterranean, 333, 1 a. Com- 
munion, 1 c. Fasts, ib. Festivals, 2 a. 
Copts in Jerusalem, 3 b. Creed, ib. Ver- 
sions of the Scriptures, 333, I a. Liturgies, 

1 be. Marriage ceremonies, 2 b. Number, 

2 c. History, 334, 1 a. 
Copyhold: see Estate, VI. 788, 1 ab. 
CoprmoHT, V. 335. In the United States, 1 c, 

387, Ic. Eights of a foreign author in Great 
Britain, 335, 3 o; in the United States, 336, 
1 e. International copyright in Great Brit- 



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228 COQE 

aia, 2 b ; in the Tlnited States, 2 be. Copy- 
right on. the European continent, 3 c. Copy- 
right laws in England, 331, 1 a. 

Coje, hird, VII. 110, 2 b. 

CoQCEHBL, Athanaae Laarent Charles [kdh- 
ItrSl], French clergyman, V. 337. Charles 
Augustin, author, 338, 1 b. Athanase Joaufi, 
preacher, 1 e. 

CoQuiLLA. Witts, V. 338 (ill.) ; Xlll. 21, 2 c. 

OoQTTiMBO [Ito-keem'-ho], province of Chili, V. 
838. Capital city, 339, 1 a. 

Cogmna Tock [ko-ke'-na], XIV. S25, I b. 

Oora'eia grac'ula (ornithology), IV. 521 fill.). 

Coe'al, V. 838. Coral animals, 1 c. Star 
coral (astraa), 2 be (ill), 340, 2 o. Fungia 
echinata, 1 a (ill). Branching coral, 1 b 
(ill.). Brain coral (raeandrina), 3 c (ill.), 
Variona forms, tb. Ooral reefs, by what 
species produced, 841, 1 c. Darwin's theory 
of their formation, 3 ah. Prof. Dana's 
" Cora! and Coral Ishinds," 1 o, 2 h. Coral 
of jewelry (precions coral), 842, I c. 

"Cortti," eggs of the lobster, X. 662, 1 b. 

CordWerry, XV. 136, 2 a. 

GoTollet: see Cokal, V. 339, 2 b. 

Coralline crag, in geology, XIII. 613, 2 c. 

Corallines, sea weeds, 11. 79, 1 a. 

Coral'lum : see Ooeal, V. 339, 2 ab. Coral- 
lum rubmm, 342, 1 c. 

Coral snahe, XII. 423, 2 b. 

Co'bam, Thomas, English philanthropist, V. 
343. 

Corwrio, Angelo [ko-rft'-re-o], (Pope Gregory 
XII.), VIII. 245, 1 a. 

Cora«miims, ancient tribe, IX. 818, 2 b. 

COEATO [ko-rS'-to], town of Italy, V. 342. 

Coraa,'ici Mon'teg, in Oircassia, IV. 603, 1 be. 

Cobat', Adamantios, Greek anthor, V. 342. 

Oor'ban, Hebrew word, V. 843. 

CoBBAux, Fanny [kor-bo"], English aVtist and 
Biblical scholar, V. 343. 

OoBBBiL [kor-bay'], town of France, V. 343. 

CorheiU [kor'-bels], baskets of earth for 
breastworks, II. 36S, 1 c. 

CoBHET, Richard, English poet and divine, V. 

CoBBOULD, Henry [fcor'-bold], English artist, 
v.. 848. Edward Henry, painter, 2 a. 

CoTchorm [kor'-ko-rus], (botany), IX. T29, 1 b. 
C. capsnlaris, J5. (ill.). 

Corcoran, Michael, Irish - American soldier 
{1827-'63, brig, gen.), VII. 124, 3 c ; 125, 

Coeot'ba: see Coefc. 

Cordage : see Eope, XIV. 433, 1 c. 



COEINtTA 
CoEDABA, Giulio Cesare [kor-djl'-ra], Italian 

CoKDAT d'Aemans, Mariano Charlotte de [kor- 
da dar-mS"'], French heroine, V. 343. 

CoEDBLiBES [kor-de-leers' ; Er. kor-dilh-lyS], 
Franciscan friars, V. 844, French revolu- 
tionary elnb, 3 a. 

Cordier, Jule» [kor-de-a], psendonyme, XVI. 



Cordil'leba [Sp. kor-de-lya'-r, 

chain, V. 344. On the isthmus of Panama, 

3 c. Geological structure, 345, 3 a ; 347, 1 ab. 

In Central America, 346, 3 b ; minerals, 2 c. 

In Mexico, 346, 1 a; volcanoes, 1 c. 
Cordouan [kor-dwfi"], lighthouse of, X. 458, 2 b. 
Coe'doya, province of Spain, T. 347. Capital 

city, 2 a. Prison of the inquisition (ill.), 

2 b. Great mosque, 2 c (ill., 348), and I. 

14, 2 b. History, V. 348, 1 h. 
CoBDOvA, province of the Argentine Eepnhlie, 

V. 348. Capital, 2 ab. 
Cordova, city of Mexico, V. 348. 
CoEDOVA, Fernando Pemandez de, Spanish 

general, V. 349. 
Cordova, Francisco Fernandez de, navigator, 

V. 349. 
CoKnovA, Gonsalvo de; see Gonsalvo db Coe- 

Cordman, leather, X. 271, 1 ah. 

Corduba, ancient town, V. 848, I h (Cocdoya). 

Gordycepa Sohertsii, fungus, VII. 528, 2 b. 
C. Sinensis, naed as medicine, 531, I ab. 

Coeb'a, kingdom of Asia, V. 349. Coreans, 
2 c (ill.). Government, 350, 1 b. History, 2 b. 

Coreg'onua albua (ichthyology), XVI. 605, 1 b. 
C. Willughbii, or albula, 287, 2 o. 

CoBESTYN [ko-ren-tine'J, river of South Ameri- 
ca, V. 351. 

Co'reus (entomology), VHI. 629, 2 a. C. tria- 
tis, i6. ; XV. 394, 1 ab (ill.). 

Corfitz-Uhlfeld, count [kor'-fits-ool'-feld], Da- 
nish conspirator, IV. 538, 1 o. 

CoBFU [kor-foo"], nomarchy of Greece, V. 351. 
Island, 1 b. Capital city, 2 c (view). 

Coriallum, ancient town : see CnKEBorEG. 

CoEiAB'nEE, plant, V. 363 (ill). Fruits or 
seeds, 1 c. 

Corian'drum mti'vum (botany), V. 363, 1 ab. 

CoEiotiANo [ko-re-lyfi'-no], town of Italy, V. 
353. 

Corin'ium, Roman station, IV. 613, 1 a (Ci- 

REffCESTBB). 

Corinna. Greek poetess, SHI. 531, 3 b. 
Gorinna, species of gazelle, VII. 655, 1 a 



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CORINTH 

Cob'inth, ancient city of Greece, V. 353. 
Modern Corinth, 858, 3 a (view). History, 
ii. Destruction of by Muminius, 354, 1 be; 
235, 1 b^ Sn. B8, 1 a. 

ComsTO, village of Missiaaippi, V. 854, Siege 
and battle of, 2 b. 

Corinth, a former name of Syracuse, N. Y., 
XV. 544, 2 a. 

CoBiNTH, Gulf of : see Lbpanto. 

Gorinthia: see OoHfNra, V. 353, 3 ab. 

CorintMan irasa, III. 213, 2 b. 

Corinthian capital, I. 657, 2 o. Suggestion of, 
54, 3 a, c (Acanthus). 

Corinthian ord^, in architecture, I. 057, 3 c 
(ill., 656) ; among the Eotnana, 659, 1 b. 

CoKiH'iniAHa, Epistles to the,V. 354. Apocry- 
phal epistle, 355, 1 c. 

CoHntht: see RAism, XIT. 190, 1 a. 

Cori'nnm, Roman camp, IV. 613, 1 a. 

CoEioii'BTJB, Roman senator, V. 855. 

CoTigandTB [ko-re-2fl'*dr'], fan, VII. 79, 3 a. 

Co'Hum, the true skin, XV. 78, 2 c ; S. 273, 1 c. 

CoEK, bark, V. 356. Cork oak, 1 a (ill.). Cut- 
ting the bark, 1 b (ill.). Uses, 2 a. 

OoBE, county of Ireland, V. 85G. City and 
port, 2 c, St. Patrick's bridge (ill.), 857. 

Corl, first earl of, III. 178, 1 b. Fifth earl of, 
174, 1 c 

Corky layer, of plants, XIII. 579, 3 o. 

CoELEONK [kor-la-o'-ua], town of Sicily, V. 337. 

Conn, solid bulb, in botany, XIII. 677, 2 c. 

Comae's chapel, Ireland, IX. 355, 1 c. 

CoRMBHis, Louis Marie de la Ilaie, vlsiconnt 
de [korm-n5''], French politician, V. 358. 

CoEMOSTAI&iJB, Louis de [kor-in6'*-taiDy'], 
French military engineer, V. 358. 

CoimoBABT, bird, V. 858. Common, 3 c (ill.) ; 
double-crested, 359, 1 be (ill.) ; Florida, 3 a. 
A name of the darter, 692, 3 b. 

Cormorant cais, in RtafEa, XV. 801, 1 a. 

Coiffl, tumor, V. 359. Remedies, 2 c. Of the 
horse, XVI. 335, 3 c. 

CoEH, Indian : see Maize, 

OoBHABo [kor-nA'-ro], Venetian family, V. 859. 
Caterina, queen of Cyprus, 3 o. Luigi, ad- 
vocate of temperance, 360, 1 a. 

CoBSBURT, Edward Hyde, lord, governor of 
New York, V. 360. 

Corn cochle, plant, X. 741, 2 c. 

Corn erake, bird, V. 455, 1 c (ill.). 

Cok'nka, membrane of the eye, V. 360. 

CoEfjEiLLE, Pierre [fcor-naiV; Fr. kor-nay'], 
French dramatist, V. 860. Thomas, drama- 
tist, 361, 2 0. 



CORNWALLIS 



Coknelia [kor-no'-lyd], Roman matron, V, 
Daughter of P. 0. Scipio and wife of 



Oomeliana, slaves freed by Sulla, XV. 93, 1 c. 
CousELis, Cornelius [kor-na'-lis], Dutcb artist, 

Cornelius, of Philadelphia, solar lamps made 
by, X. 129, 2 c. 

CoRSEUCs, Eliaa, American clergyman, V. 863. 

OoRNELics, Peter von [kor-na'-le-oos], German 
painter, V. 363, 

OoENELius Nbpos: see Nbpos, 

Cobnej.l' UNivEEaiTT, V. 363 (ill., 364). Build- 
ings, 3 be. Organization, 364, 1 a. Plan of 
instmction, 3 c. Collections and apparatus, 
865,3 c. Endowment, 866, 1 bo. History, 3 a. 

Comer, in stock dealing, XV. 388, 2 a. 

Comet, m assaying, II. 38, 1 b. 

COEtfET-i-PiSTONS [Fr. kor-na-ta-pees-to''], 
wind instj-umont, V. 367. Cornet, out of 
use, 1 be. 

Cornjlag, plant: see Gladiolus, 

Coes'heet, Diedorik, Dutch author, V. 367. 

OoENiANi, Giovanni Battista, count [kor-nyS'- 
ne], Italian author, V. 367. 

Cornice [kor'-nts], in architecture, I. 657, 1 a; 
658, 1 a, ab. 

Cor'nine, a principle in dogwood, VI. 185, 1 a. 

OoENisa, village of N"ew York, V. 367. 

Comixk daw, bird, IV. 531, 1 bo. 

Comkh engine, XV. 843, 2 a. 

CoES Laws, English, V. 367. See Oobden. 
Roman, for relief of the poor, XIII. 180, 1 c. 

Com mildevi (ill.), VH. 583, 2 a. 

Com mint, plant, XI. 615, 2 c. 

Com moth: see Wheat Moth. 

Comroae, variety -of poppy, XIII. 714, 2 be. 

Com salad, XVI. 345, 2 c. 

Com smut, XI. 46, 1 (ill.). 

Corn Snake, V. 368 (ill.). 

Corn starch, XI. 44, 2 b ; XV. 319, 1 c. 

CoRSD, Sebastlen Melchior, French painter, 
V. 368. 

COENUOOPIA, V. 309. 

Comus (botany), VI. 184, 1 c. 0. alternlfolia, 

ih. (ill.). C.florida, iS. (ill.). 
Cornwall, county of England, V. 369. 
OoESwALi,, village of Connecticut, V. 369. 

Town of New York, 2 c. Cornwall Land- 

CoEswALL, Barry ; see Procter, Bryan Waller. 
CosKWALUB, Charles, earl, British general, V. 

370. His campaign in Virginia, X. 97, 1 ab ; 

803, 1 a. See Yoektown, 



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230 COEO 

CoBO, Htate of Venezaela, V. 370. Santa Afia 
de, capital, 2 ab. 

GoroBo'ro, Bolivia, mines of, III. 12, 3 c. 

COKOt'LA, in botany, V. 3T0; XIII. 685, 1 ab, 
c ; 686, 3 a. 

CoEOMAa'DEL, Coast of, V. sro ; IX. 201, 2 a. 

Coro'na: see Oeowit. In architecture, I. 657, 
1 a ; 658, 1 b. In meteorology, VIII. 405, 
1 c (corona)). Solar, XV. 474, 3 ab, ff. 

Cob'onaoh, a lamentation at funerals, V. 371. 

CoEONiDO, Francisco Vasqnez de [ko-ro-n4'- 
(Ao], Spanish explorer, V. 371. 

CoROffiDO DE Perey, Carolina, Spanish poet 
and novelist, V. 371. 

GoroTue, in meteorology, VIII. 405, 1 c. 

CoTonation hilly in Presburg, XIII. 809, 1 a. 

Corone'a, battle of, I. 186, 3 b. 

Corcmella getula, SD&kn, IV. 225, 2 b (ill.) . 

CoRONEE, civil officer, V. 371. 

CoBOKEi, V. 871. Varieties of, 372, 1 a (in.). 

Coronet, in heraldry, VIII. 674, 1 ab. 

CoTonium, ancient town, V. 387, 2 c(CoRnirai). 

Coranida diadema, cirriped (ill.), IV. 613, 1 b. 

Coroza [ko-ro'-tlia], cap, IX. 295, 1 b. 

OoEPOEAL, military title, V. 373. 

Ooepoba'le, in the encharist, V. 372. 

Corporal oath : see Cohpoealb. 

GoTpora MalpighiaTta, in anatomy, IX. 826, 3 c 

CoEPOHATioH, in law, V. 373. Liability of, X. 
485, 1 c, 2 0. Ecclesiastical corporations; 
see MoETMAis. 

CoEPHLKSCE, V. 373. Dietetic cure of , 2 c,ff.; 
n, 388, 2 e. 

Corpus eallosum, of the brain, III. 188, 1 b ; 
190, 3 ab; 191,3 a; 193, 3 bo; X 11. 235, 1 he. 

OOBPUS CnEiSTi, festival, V. 374; X. 838, 3 b. 

CoHPOB Ohhisti, village of Tesas, V. 374. 

Corpiuclea, of the blood, II. 729, 3 h ; in inflam- 
mation, IX. 375, 1 c. 3 a, 277, 1 a. Pus 
corpuscles, 276, 1 c, 2 b. Plastic (pyoid), 3 a. 

Corpuscular theory of light, X. 435, 1 b. 

CoBPUs JuEis ; see Civil Law. 

Corpus Seformatorum, III. 256, 1 c. 

Corradi [ltor-rS,'-de], painter : see Gkirlasdaio. 

CoRBBA DB Sbbba, Jos^ Trancisco [kor-ra'-a 
da sSr'-ra], Portugneae natnralist, V. 374. 

Correction, houset qf, XIV. 13, 1 c. 

GorreeUon Une», in surveying, SV. 492, 1 b. 

CosEECTioif as TBE Pebss, V. 375. Distin- 
guished proof-readers, 2 c. 

Cobebooio, Antonio Allegri da [kor-red'-jo], 
Italian painter, V. 376, 

CoHEELATioN OE FoEOBS, and Conservation of 
Force, V. 377, Erroneoos views, 1 b. In- 



g t by A 
fez [k 01 ] d p 



3 8 1 331 2 b 



C D IbtpfMd V883 

C IB [k t ] p f h 

Ai^ntine Eepnblic, V. 883. Capital, 1 c. 
Corrosive action, protection of copper from, 

V. 720, 1 c; of iron, VII. 587, 1 0. 
CoBBOsivE Sublimate, V. 383. Antiseptic 

properties, 3 c. 
Cosby, city of Pennsylvania, V, 383. 
CoESET, article of dress, V. 383. 
CoHsiOA, island and department of Trance, V. 

388. History, 884, 1 c. 
Corsican'a, county seat, XII. 180, 1 a. 
Gorman/air;/, a dwarf, VI. 335, 3 c. 
Coreiean furnace, II. 741, 2 o. 
Cornni, Lorenzo [kor-sS'-ne], (Pope Clement 

Xn.), IV. 663, 1 c. 
Gormed, a form of ordeal, XII. 674, 2 bo. 
Gorso of Rome, IV. 10, 1 a; XIV. 414, 1 bo (ill.). 
CoET, Comelis, Dutch artist, V. 384. 
CoET, Henry, English inventor, V. 384. 
Cortallum, ancient town ; see CirEBSotrBO. 
CoBTK [kor'-ta], town of Corsica, V. 384. 
CoHTEEEAL, Gaspaf [kor-ta-rS-W], Portuguese 

navigator, V. 885. Miguel, 1 ab. See I. 

Cor'tes [Sp. kore'-tace], Spanish parliament, 
XV. 208, 1 a; Portuguese, XIIL 739, 1 b. 

Ooh'tbs (8p. Cortes, kore-tace"), port of Hon- 
duras, V. 385. 

CoETES (Sp. Gorth), Hernan or Ilernando, 
conqueror of JTexico, V. 885. Comment of 
Las Casas on his cruelty to Indian miners, 
2 ah. Expedition to Mexico, 2 b. Ingrati- 
tude of Charles V., 386, 3 be. 

Cortesi, Jaeopo [kor-ta'-ze] : see Bobsossonk. 

CoETETZ : see Kortetz. 

CoTti, arch of, in the ear, XV. 185, 1 c. Organ 
of, lb, 2ab. Eods or pillars of, Ic; 186,2 a. 

Cortical substftnee, of the brain, III. 186, 1 c 

Cortits : see Koetetz. 

CoETLAND [kOrt'-land], oonnty, V. 386. 

Cortland Village, connty seat, V. 387, 1 a. 

Coeto'na, city of Italy, V. 887 (ill.). 



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GORTON A 

OoETONA, Pietro BerretUni do, Italian painter, 

V. 887. 
CortoH'acuvi, ancient town: see Ooitsteai. 
Corufia [ko-roo'-nj&J : see Ooruksa. 
CoauNDiTM, mineral apecies, V. 887. 
OOBUSMA, province of Spain, V. 387. Capital 

Gorunna, county seat, XIV. 853, 1 c. 

Corutania, mediwval territory, XVI. SliS, 1 b. 

Cortallis, oonnty seat, II. (542, 2 a. 

Coma/ria, Pietro da (Nicholas V., anti-pope), 
K. 647, 3 b. 

CorsetU', war vessel, XII. 188, 2 b. 

Corvey : Bee Koryki, 

CoEViJrus, Matthias ; see MiTTniia CoEvnroa. 

CoETTH-WiSHSBiTZKr, Otto Jullus Bembftrd 
[Itor-reen'-veerce-bits'-ke], German revolu- 
tionist, V. 388. 

Coevisaht-Desmaeets, Jean Nicolas [kor-ve- 
zar-diUma-ra], Frencli physician, V. 388. 

Corvus (ornithology), V. S19, 1 a; XIV. 218, 
1 be. 0. Americanns, T. 519, 1 b (ill.). C. 
corax, XIV. 318, 3 c (ill., 319), and othei 
species. 0. cornis, V. 620, 2 c (ill., 521), 
&c. C. frugilegus, XIV. 433, I b (ill.), 
monedala, IS. 481, 2 c (ill., 483). 

Coruiick, kind of crab, XV. 207, 1 a. 

CoHwiN, Thomas, American statesman, V. 888. 

Gory, Giles, pressed to death for refusing to 
plead on his trial, XIII. 327, 3 c. 

Co'eyat, Thomas, English traveller, V, 389. 

Coetban'teb, priests of Cybele, V. 389. 

Gorydan cave, Greece, XIII. 123, I e. 

Gor'ydon, county seats, VIII. 481, 1 c ; XVI. 
630, 1 c. 

Co'ETELt, county, V, 389. 

GoT-'ylm (botany), VIII. 554, 1 a (ills,). 0. 
Americana, 3 a, 0. Avellana, 3 b. 0. co- 
lurna, 555, 1 ab. 

Cor'yml, in botany, XIII. 584, 3 b. 

Gory'pha (botany), XIII. 20, 3 o. C. umbra- 
oulifera, ib. 

Goryphm'wt (zoOIogy), VI. 193, 3 bo. C. do- 
rade, 194, 1 a (ill.). 0. equisetis, ib. 0. 
hippurus, 193, 3 c. Power of changing 
color, 194, 1 b, be; IV. 243, 1 be. 

CoBYPH^'us, leader of Greek chorus, V. 889 ; 
IV. 518, 1 c. 

CorypUn'm (botany), XIII. 20, 2 c. 

Ooryt/us'ohis (zoology), II. 86-5, 1 a. 

Gort/tha'is (ornithology), XIII. 695, 2 b, 

Gory'm, inflammation of the mucooa mem- 
brane of the nostrils. III. 810, 1 a. 

Cos, island of Turkey, V. 890. 



COSTE 



(botany), II. 549, 3 a. 0. fenestra- 

tum, V. 132, 2 c. 
GoseinodisBus, diatom, VI. 85, 1 b. 0. lineatus, 

ib. C. oculus iridis, ib. 
Cosecant : see Trigonombthit, XV. SGG, 1 a. 
CosBL, town r see Kosbl. 
OosEL, Countess of, V. 390. Florins de Oosel, 

CosEszA [ko-zen'-dza], province of Italy, V. 
390. Capital city, 3 ab. 

Coshocton [ko-shok'-tnn], county, V, 390. 

Goahoctan, county seat, V. 390, 3 c. 

Gosimo [ko-zc'-mo] : see Medici, XI. 343, 2 c. 

Oosiij, John [kuz'-en], English prelate, V. 891. 

Cosine, in mathematics, XV. 86S, 2 c. 

CoSMAS OF PsAOUB, ecclesiastic and historian, 
V. 891. 

Gosmic ether, X. 435, 1 c. 

Cosmo ; see Medici, XI. 343, 2 c ; 346, 1 b. 

Gasmog'miy : see Gosmology (Iniles). Of the 
Norse races, XII. 119, 3 b (MYinoLoaY). 

Gosmology, XIH. 431, 3 c, 433, 3 a (PniLosopnY). 

GoAmoplane, instmment, VI. 93, 1 ab. 

Cosm, Baltamare (John XXIII.), IX. 647, 3 c. 

Cos'sACKS, warlike tribes of Russia, V. 391 
(ill.). Revolt of, under Cbmielnicki, IX. 
650, 8 b. Secession of the Cossacks of the 
Ukraine to Russia, I. 394, 1 a. 

CoBsfe, Charles de [kus-sa], connt de Brissao, 
marshal of France, V, 393, 

Cossipoee', suburb of Calcutta, V. 392. 

Cosntt'a CoT/iere, a former name of Syracuse, 
N. Y., XV. 544, 3 a. 

Cosaua, a grub, XV. 302, 3 b. 

Oosam ligmperda (entomology), IV. 107, 1 ab; 
XI. 869, 3 b. 

Coat, or cotise, in heraldry, VIII. 672, 1 be. 

Cos'ta, Sir Michael, English musical director 
and composer, V, 393. 

Oosta-Oabbal', Antonio Bernardo da, duke of 
Thomar, Portuguese statesman, V. 393. See 
Maeia n. BA Gloeia, 

Cogtamis, tJte, gem engravers, VII. 6G4, 1 a. 

Costa Eioa [koce'-ta rS'-ka], republic of Cen- 
tral America, V. 393. Coasts, I b. Topog- 
raphy, 2 8. Map, a. Rivers, 394, 1 a. 
Soil and minerals, 1 be. Climate, 1 o. Flora, 
3 ab. Faona, 3 b. Population, 3 c. Reli- 
^on, 395, 1 a. Productions, 1 ab. Com- 
merce, 1 c. Intercommunication, 3 ab. Edu- 
cation, 3 be. Government and finances, 39fi, 
1 a. History, 1 c. 

OosTR, Jean Jacques Marie Cyprieu Victor 
[kust], French naturalist, V. 897. 



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233 COSTELLO 

OosTBLLO, Dudley, British author and journal- 
ist, V. 897. Louisa Stuart, authoress, 1 c. 

CoBTER, Laurens Janszoon, reputed inventor 
of printing, V. 397. Coster festival, 2 c. 

Costilla, county, T. 397. 

Costilla, county seat, V. 398, 1 a. 

CoawAY, Richard, English painter, V. 398. 
Maria Hadfield, artist, 1 a. 

OoTA, Eodrigo de, Spanish poet, V. 898. 

Cotangent: see Teioonometey, XV. 866, 1 a. 

Coteau, des Prairim [ko-to' da pra'-re], plateau 
in Dakota, T. 689, 1 h. 

Coteau du Missouri, Plateau du, V. 639, 1 h. 

CSt4 de CMlon [kote dilh shS-lo"'], wines of, 
VIL 412, 3 c. 

06te-d'0b, department of France, V. 898. 
Wines of, VIL 418, 1 a, c. 

C6te du Shone, wines of, VIL 413, 1 a. 

C6te-E6tie, vineyard of the, VII. 412, 1 c. 

Cotes, Roger, English mathematician, V. 898. 

CdiES-DC-NoBD [liote-dii-nor], department of 
Trance, V. 398. 

CoinoB'Hos, ancient boot,V. 398; XIV. 873, 2a. 

Go-tidal Hnea, XV. 746, 1 a. 

OoTiH, Charles, abbS [kQh-ta'*], French writer, 
V. 398. 

Cotise [ko-teez'J, in heraldry, VIII. 672, 1 he. 

OoTOPAs'i, volcano in Ecuador, V. 399 (ill.). 

CoTEONB [ko-tro'-na], town of Italy, V. 400. 

CoTTA, German family, V. 400. Johann Greorg, 
puhlisher, 1 c. Johaun Eriediich, theologian, 
ib. Johann Friedrich, baron yon Cottendorf, 
publisher, ih. Georg, public officer and pub- 
lisher, 2 h. Bernliard, geologist, ii. 

Gotta, fast-day food of the Capuchins, III. 763, 
Ic. 

Cot'tabus, ancient social game, V. 400. 

(7o((5iw, town: seeKoTTBus, 

CoTTESnAM, Charles Christopher Pepys, earl 
of, chancellor of England, V. 401. 

CoTTBEEAC, Jean [kut-tr6] : see OnouAifB, IV. 
520, 2 a, c. 

CoTTiN, Madame Sophie Eistaud [kut-ta°'], 
French novelist, V. 401. 

Cottle, Joseph, English publisher and author, 
V. 401. Amos, 1 0. 

Cottos, V. 401. Different species, 2 a. Shrub 
cotton, 2 (ill,, 402). Ancient use of, 403, 
3 a. Cotton fabrics of India, 2 be. Intro- 
duced into Europe, 403, 1 a. Early use in 
America, 1 h. Sea island cotton, 2 b ; 405, 
2 c. CultureinAsia, 404, la; iuAfrica,lc; 
in South America, &o., 2 a; in the United 
States, 3 b. Upland cotton, 2 c. Gin house 



COUCHING 

(ill.), 405, Cotton gin, 406, 1 b (ills.). Cot- 
ton press (ill.), 2 c. Statistics, 407, 2 b, ff. 
Use of cotton in paper making, XIII. 46, 1 a. 
Cotton fibre, structure of, II. 373, 1 h. Dif- 
ference between cotton and linen fibre, V. 
414, 2 c. Detection of cotton in liuen fab- 
rics, 416, 1 a. 

Cotton, Charles, English poet, V. 410. 

Cotton, John, Puritan preacher, V. 410. See 
Boston, III. 138, 3 c, and 129, 1 c. Monu- 
mental tablet in St. Botoiph's church, Bos- 
ton, England, V. 411, 1 ah, 

CoTTOtj, Sir Robert Bruce, English antiquary, 
V. 411 ; IIL 297, 3 ah. 

Cotton chapel III. 128," 2 c (ill.) ; T, 411, 1 ah. 

Cotton {;j»i, invention of, XVI, 610, 1 o: see 
Cotton, V. 406, 1 ah (ill.). Use of steam in 
cotton-ginning, X. 630, 1 ab. 

" Cotton ia Ung," V. 281, 2 c; VIII. 428, 1 o. 

Cotton MANUFAorirBB, V. 411. Inventions of 
Hai-greaves and Arkwright, 2 a, ff. First ma- 
chines made in the United States, 413, 1 b ; 
XV. 88, 2 c. Introduction of the Arkwright 
machinery, V. 412, 2 ab. The power loom, 
413, 1 a. Processes of manufacture, 1 b, ff. 
Difference between cotton and linen fibre, 
414, 3 e. Statistics of cotton manufacture 
in the United States, 415, I b; in England, 
417, 2 a. "Cotton famine" in England du- 
ring the American civil war, 419, 1 a. 

Cotton thUtle, XV. 713, 3 a. 

Cottonwood, tree, XIII. 711, 2 c (i!!.). 

CorroHwooD, county, Y. 419. 

Cottonwood Falls, county seat, IV. 826, 1 b. 

Cotton Woem, V. 41 9 CiHs.). Boll-worm moth, 
420, 1 c. 

Cottopeis mper (ichthyology). III. 428, 1 b. 

Cottui, (ichthyology). III 436, 2 c; 427, 2 b; 
438, 1 h. C. gracilis, 427, 2 c. 0. viscosus, 
ib. C. gobio, 428, 1 a (iU.). C. asper, 1 b. 

Ootumix (ornithology), XIV. 126, 3 c. C. 
commuuia, ib. (ill., 137). 

Cotyledon [cot-e-le'-don], in botany, X. 267, 
lb; SIIL675, 1 ab, ff. 

C'otyh ripa'ria [cot'-e-le], (ornithology), XV. 
499, 2 a (ill.). 

Ootys, Thracian female divinity, V. 420. 

Cotyttia, a Tiiracian festival, V. 420, 3 ab. 

Cotytto: see Cotys, 

Co ucH, Richard QuiLar, English scienti 8t,V. 420. 

Coucher, in paper manufacture, XIII. 49, 1 ab. 

CoTTOH Grass, V. 420 (ill.). 

CouoHiNe: see Cataeaot, IV. 103, 1 be. 

Couching floor, of a brewery. III. 267, 2 be. 



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COUCOTJ 



COUET 



Goucov,; see Cockoo, V. 557, 3 be, 

CouoY, De [d&h koo-ae], Trench noble family, 
V. 431. Thomas de (Thomas de Marie), 1 b. 
Eenaud or Eaoul, 1 c; romance of, ih. En- 
gnerrand III., "the Great," 3 a. Enguer- 
rand VII., or Ingelram, id. ; see Butti3holz. 

Oovder^ort [kow'-], county seat, XIII. 776, S b. 

CoroH, V. 421. Causes and varieties of, 433, 
1 a. Relief of, 1 e. 

CouGDiB [koo'-gar], animd, T. 433 (ill.). 

Couia: see Cotpu. 

Coulisse [koo-Ieece], in the Paris bourse, XV, 
388, 3 c ; 389, 1 a. 

CouDHEKS, Battle of [kool-mya] : see Oblbanb. 

CooLOMB, Charles Auguatiu de [koo-l6°'], 
French philosopher, V. 433. Hia views oa 
electricity, VI. 503, 1 be ; 504, la; 505, 1 a. 
Experiments on friction, VII, 491, 1 ab, 2 a. 
See Torsion balance (Index). 

Oouhn [koo-lo"'], defaulting French army con- 
tractor, referred to. III. 160, 2 a. 

Coumarine [koo'-ma-rin], vegetable principle. 



XV. 1 



1, lb. 



OouNOiL, V. 433. In the Christian church, 
3 c. Provincial counciia, 438, 1 a. National, 
1 b ; called by Napoleon without sanction 
of the pope, iS. Gfeneral or (ecumenical 
councils, 1 be; those recognized by tJie Eo- 
man Catholic church, 3 be. Collection of 
tkeir acts, 424, 1 a.— In political history, 1 b. 
Council of Ten, iS., and VI. 183, 2 c. Of the 
Ancients, V. 424, 1 c. Of Five Hundred, 3 a. 
Of state in France, 2 ab. OfCastae,2b. Of 
the Indies, 2 be. Privy council in England, 
ii. Council of state in Prussia, 2 c. Fed- 
eral coancil in the German empire, 435, 1 a. 
Councils in some of the United States, 1 ab. 

Council Bluffs, city of Iowa, V. 435. 

ComKAlofhlood, I. 370, 1 ab; VI. 453, 1 c. 

Council qf conscienee, in France, XIII. 176, 1 a. 

Council Grove, county seat, XI. 844, 2 a. 

Council of the north, in England, VI. 633, 3 c ; 
abolition of, 624, 1 c. 

Couiwiloftroidile», I. 370, 1 a (Alva). 

CowneiU, Congregational, V. 344, 1 a-c. Ex 
parte council, 1 c 

Councils, (ecumenical, their supremacy over 
the pope declared, II. 358, 3 o; 359, 1 b. 

COTJSSELLOR : see Lawyee, X. 387, 1 b, 3 a. 

CoDNT, title of nobUity, V. 425. Powers of, 
436, 1 a; VH. 100, 1 e, 2 a. In England, 
VI. 353, 1 a; XIV. 848,3 c. 

Cownter, in pugilism, XIV. 76, 1 o. Cross 
counter, 2 b. 



Counterplaee, in heraldry, VIII. 671, 3 b. 

CouNTEBPOisT ; see Haemoht, YUI. 470, 1 b ; 
Musro, XII. 77, 1 ab. Double counterpoints, 
91, 1 ab. 

Counters, in bank-note engraving, VI. 655, 1 c. 

Countertcarp walls, in fortiflcation, VII. 339, 
Ibc. 

Countervallation, lines of, XV. 27, 1 a ; 28, 2 b. 

Counter, title of, V, 436, 1 c ; VI. 853, 1 ah. 

CouMTY, political division, V. 426. 

County palatine ; see Palatine (Index). 

County e^Btem: see Town, SV. 827, 3 c. 

Coup de Jarnac [koo dilh zhar-n3k], IX. 567, 
Ic. 

Coupe [koo-pa], of a diligence, IV. 724, I a. 

G<mpi, in fencing, VII. 121, 1 o. 

Couped [koopt], in heraldry, VIII. 678, 1 c. 

Coupenille, county seat (now Coveland), IX, 
428, 1 c. 

Couple-eloae, in heraldry, VIII. 672, 3 a. 

Coupler, in the ot^an, XII. 689, 1 b. 

Coupling, in galvanism, for intensity or in 
series, VII. 694, 1 b (ill.) ; for ijuantity or in 
multiple, ib. (ill.). 

Coupling of railroad cars, XIV. 181, 3 a. 

OouEAYBB, Pierre Francois le [lilh koo-ra-yd], 
French ecclesiastic, V. 426. 

CocBBET, Gustave [koor-ba], French painter, 
V. 436. (Died 1878.) 

CouEBEvoiE [koor-bilh-vwa], village of France, 
V. 427. 

OocBOELLBS [koor-sel], battle of, V. 427. 

CouECELLBS, Daniel de Eemi, governor of Can- 
ada, V. 427. 

CocHUELLES, Thomas de, theologian, V. 427. 

CouT des poisons [koor da pwS-zO™], in France, 
IV. 343, 3 a. 

Coureuradea'bois\koo-Y'&rAii'bif/k\Yll. 534, 3 o. 

Courfeu [koor-fah] : see Cuhfew. 

OOTJRIBK »B MfiEfi, Paul Louis [koor-ya dilh 
m3-r5], French scholar and publicist, V. 427. 

Cour'ian, bird, V. 437 (ill., 428). 

OouBLAKB, province of Russia, V. 438. 

Couronne de toi&ea [koo-rfin dilh tSs], in gal- 
vanism, VII. 588, 2 b. 

CouTonnement [koo-rin-ma'"], in fencing, VII, 
121, 3 a. 

Couroucou [koo-roo-koo'] : see Thogon. 

Cour pleniere [koor pla-nyair], VIT. 385, 1 ab. 

CoTin de rigenee [koor diih ra-zhft'*ce], in Jes- 
uit teaching, IX. 626, 3 b. 

Course: see Smp, XIV. 865, 2 ab. 

OocRT, in law, V. 438. Administration of law 
in ancient countries, 2 c. In Eome, 439, 1 a. 



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234 



COURT 



COWIOHANS 



In England, 1 c; courts of, 2 b; ecclesiasti- 
cal courts, ib., aiid 148, 2 e, 149, 1 be; su- 
preme court, 430, 1 b. In France, 2 b; par- 
lements, 431, 1 a; court of cassation, 1 c. 
Eesponsibility of French judges, 3 a; of 
Englisli, 3 c. Rules of decision, 432, 1 c. 
Oonrts of the United States, 3 c— Conrt of 
appeals, in New York, I. 595, 1 c; in Eng- 
land, v. 430, 1 be, c. Court of chancery, in 
New York, IX. 795, 2 ab ; in England, V. 
429, 3 b, 430, 1 b. See Ohanoebt. Court 
of claims, in the Unit«d States, V. 483, 1 c. 
Court of common pleas, in England, VI. 
606, 1 a; V. 429, 2 a, 3 b, 430, 1 a. Court 
of exchequer, in England, VI. 608, 1 a; V. 
429, 2 a, 2 b, 430, 1 a. Conrt of high com- 
mission, attempt to restrain its powers, V. 
36, 1 c. Court of judicature, in England, 
VI. 606, 1 a. Court of king's bench, in Eng- 
land, VI. 605, 2 c; V. 429, 2 a, 2 b, c. 

CotTKT DB G6BBLIN, Antoinft [koor dtth zhaib- 
!&■>], French author, V. 433. 

CoiTBTBH, William, English manufacturer and 
merchant, V. 433. "William, collector, 2 c. 

Court hand, English, XVI. 739, 3 b. 

Court Maktial, V. 434. 

Court of Love, in mediaival France, V. 434, 

Court of prize, I, 125, 2 c. See Prize, 

Controls, Jacques [koor-twaj: see BoBOOGNONE, 

CouBTBAi, city of Belgium, V, 434. 

Cowrtray: see Oouetbai. 

Courts of Admirally, in England, jurisdiction 
of, V. 429, 3 bo; 151, 1 a. See Admiralty, 
I, 124, 1 ab. In Ireland and Scotland, 126, 
1 a. In France, 125, 2 c. In the United 
States, 136, 1 ab, 

OoTTSiN, Jean [koo-za"'], French painter, V. 434. 

OoTTSin, Victor, French philosopher, V. 434. 
Hb theory of philosophy, 435, 1 o ; his plan, 
436, 1 ab. See Philosophy, XIII, 444, 1 b. 

Gotmn Alice, pseudonyme, Vill, 523, 3 b. 

CousiN-MoNTATTBAN : SBC Palikao, Count de. 

CotiesEMAKBB, Charles Edmond Henri de [koos- 
mi-kSir], French author, V. 436. 

CoTTSTOTT, Nicolas [kooB-too], Trench sculptor, 
V. 437, Guillaumo, 1 a, ab (two). 

CotTTANOES [koo-ta^ce], town of France, V. 4S7, 

CoTJTHOtj, Georges [koo-tS''], French revolu- 
tionist, V, 437, 

CoTiTTS [koota] ; see BcEDETr-ConTTS. 

CW(«»tedei'orw[koo-tflmdiilipS-re], instates 
from the Louisiana purchase, V. 594, 1 b. 

CouTDEB, Thomas [koo-tUr], French painter, 
V. 437. 



( [Fr, koo-va"''], county seat, XIV. 5; 



lb, 
Couvre feu [koo-vrflh fJth], II, 495, 3 e. See 

OUHFEW, 

Cowcio [Port, ko-she'-o], monkey, XI. 751, 2 c. 

Couza (or Ousa), Alexander, hospodar of Mol- 
davia and Wallachia, XI. 705, 1 h. See 
Alexabbbk John I. 

Cove of Corh (Queenstown), XIV. 147, 1 he. 

Goneland : see Ooupevilk (Index). 

Govmint, in law, V. 289, 2 b ; V. 755, 1 a. 

" Gotienant, JVp*(," of the Scottish Presby- 
terians, XIII. 810, 1 b. Second, 1 c. " Sol- 
emn League and Covenant," 2 a. 

CoTBNASTEBS : Bcc Cameeokians. The rock 
prison purchased for their confinement by 
Charles II., II. 373, 1 o. 

Covenant) in law., V, 7S5, 1 a. 

Covent Garden [kuv'-ent], London, X, 614, 1 a. 

CovEBTET [knv'-en-tre], city of England, V. 
437, St. Michael's church (iU,), 438, Cov- 
entry true blue, 1 a. Legend of Godiva, 2 a. 
Sending to Coventry, 3 b. 

CovENTEY, town of Ehodc Island, V. 438, 

CovEBDALB, MUes, EngUsh divine and trans- 
lator of the Bible, V, 438, 

Covered, wai/, in fortification, VII. 329, 1 c. 

Cover point, in cricket, V. 483, 1 b. 

Coterts, in the wings of a bird, VIT. 106, 2 c. 

CoviLHAM, or Covilhao [ko-ve-lyow""'], Joao 
Peres da, Portuguese navigator, V. 439. 

Covilhao, town of Portugal, V. 439. 

CoTENOTON [knv'-ing-tun], two counties, V. 439. 

Covington, city of Kentacky, V. 439. 

Covington, county seats, I, 324, 2 c; VII. 331, 
1 h ; SII. 344, 2b; XIV. 555, 1 b ; XV. 
768, 1 a. 

Cow : see Cattle, 

Cow and Calf, two roeks, VI. 315, 1 b, 

Gombmte, plant, IV, 577, 2 a, 

Cowherry, XVI. 613, 2 a (ill.). 

Cow BiBD, V. 440 (ill.). See 557, 3 be ; XVI. 
779, 2 c, and 781, 3 be. 

Gow hunting : see Cow Bird. 

Cow'ell, John, English civilian, V. 44(1. 

CowES [kowz], seaport of England, V, 441 
(ill.). Osborne house, 3 a. 

Cowe'ta, county, V. 441. 

CowETAS : see Obeeks. 

Gowjuh, III. 236, 1 a, 

Cowgate, street of Edinburgh, VI. 405, 1 c. 

CowHASB [kow'-ij], plant, V. 441 (ill.). 

Cowiehwra, tribe in Vancouver Island, XII. 
480, 1 0, 2 a. 



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COWITCH 

Cow'iteh : see Oowh4be. 

OowL, monastic hood, V. 443. 

OowLEY, county, V. 443. 

Cowley, Abraham, English poet, V. 442. 

Cowlitz, county, V. 443. 

Com pmtures, in Australia, HI. 648, 1 ab, 

CowpBNa, village of South Carolina, V. 443. 
Battle of, 443, 1 a. See IS. 19, 3 c. 

Coutper, Judith : see Pope, Alexander, SIII. 
709, 1 o. 

CowpEB, William, earl, English judge, V. 448. 
Mary, countess, 3 a. 

CowPBB, William, English anatomist, V. 443. 
Cowper's glands, 2 a. See Bidloo. 

CowPEB, William, English poet, V. 443. " John 
Gilpin," 444, 1 a. Translation of Homer, 1 b. 

Cowpox, IX. G03, 2 ab. 

OoWKT, shell, V. 444 (ill.). Tiger cowry, 445, 
1 b (ill.). Shaking props (game), 444, 2 c. 
Use of as money, iS. ; XL 730, 3 c. 

Ootery, bird. III. 168, 2 a. 

Cow'dip, plant, XIII. 837, 1 b (ill.). American 
cowslip, 838, 1 b (ill.). 

Cow Tebe, V. 445 (ill.). Nutritive milk of, 3 a. 

Cox, David, English painter, V. 445. 

Cox, Francis Augustus, clergyman, V. 44S. 

Cos, Jacob Dolson, American lawyer and sol- 
dier, V. 445. 

Cox, Eichard, English prelate, V. 446. " Bish- 
ops' Bible," 1 b. 

Cox, Samuel Hanson, American clergyman, V. 
446. 

Cox, Samuel Sullivan, politician, V. 446. 

CosciE, Michael, Flemish painter, V, 446. 

CoxB, Arthur Cleveland, American bishop, 
T-446. 

Cose, Tench, economist, V. 447. See 1. 93, 1 c. 

CoxB, "William, English historian and biogra- 
pher, V. 447. 

Coxia : see Coxoie. 

Coxwell, aeronaut, I. 147, 3 a, 

Goya, venomotis spider, III. 170, 2 c. 

CoYNB, Joseph Stirling, British playwright, T. 
447. 

Coyote [ko-yo'-ta] : see Wolp, XVI. 696, 1 be. 

Cot PEL, Noel [kwa-p61], French painter, V. 
447. Antoine, 3 ab. Noel Nicolas, 2 b. 
Charles Antoine, 3 be. 

CoTPu [koi-poo'J, rodent animal, V. 447 (ill.). 
Fur of, 448, 1 a i Til. 539, 1 c. 

OoYSBVOK, Antoine [kwaz-vo], French scalp- 
tor, V. 448. 

Ooyty castle, ruins of. III. 380, 1 b. 

Co -Yukon, Indian tribe, 1. 242, 3 a. 



CRAMP 



235 



CozzBNS, Frederick Swartwout [kaz'-zenz], 
American merchant and author, V. 448. 

Crab, V. 448. Brachyurans, 1 be. Anomu- 
rans, 1 e; 450, 3 b; 533, 2 a. King crabs, 
or horseshoe crabs, 448, 1 c; 533, 2 b. See 
Kino Ckab. Structure, 448, 2 ft. Meta- 
morphosis, 3 e. American edible crab, 449, 
1 o (ill.). Soft-abelled crabs, ii. Eock crabs, 
3 b. Common crab of Europe, 2 be (ill.). 
Green crab, 2 c. Sand crab, 450, 1 a. Tid- 
dler crab, 1 c (ill.). Oyster crab, ^6. ; XTI. 
773, 1 e. Spider orab, V, 450, 2 a. Hermit 
or soldier crab, 3 b (ill.) ; 533, 3 a. Eobber 
crab, 451, 1 b. Forcellanians, 1 c. 

CVaS, in printing press, XIII. 852, 2 c. 

Crab Apple ; see Apple, I. 599, 2 be ; 600, I c, 
3ab. 

Ceabb, George, English barrister and philolo- 
^st, V. 451. 

OKflBBE, George, English poet, V. 451. 

Ceabetu, Dirk and Wouter [krfl'-bet], Dutch 
painters on glass, V. 452. 

Ceab Stones, or Crabs' Eyes, T. 452 ; X. 480, 
lb. 

Grackle wares, porcelain, Xm. 784, 1 a (ill.). 

Crachneh, from whales' blubber, XVI. 583, 1 ab. 

Ceaoow, city of Austria, V. 462. Royal cas- 
tle (palace), 2 ab (ill., 453). History, 453, 
3 a. Republic of, 1 be. 

Cradle, of American iihertv, VII, 80, 1 a; of 
Swiss liberty, VIII. 274, 3 a. Rocker for 
gold washing, 83, 2 be. Frame with scythe 
for cutting and laying grain, XIV. 735, S c, 

Cbaftb, Samnel Chandler, American senator, 
V. 454. 

Crapts, William, lawyer and author, V. 454. 

Cbaig, county, V. 454. 

CEiioHBAD, county, V. 454. 

Chaik, Dinah MariaMuIocfc, English authoress, 
V. 454. 

Chaik, George Lillie, English author, V. 455. 

Craik:, James, American physician, V, 455. 

Ceakb, bird, V. 455 (ill.). 

Cram'ie mariti'ma (botany), XIV. 729, 2 be 
CiU., 730). 

Cramer, Johann Andreas [kr^'-mer], German 
poet and theologian, V. 455. Karl Fried- 
rich, scholar, 3 c. 

Oeamer, John Baptist, musical artist and com- 
poser, V, 456. 

Ckamoisy, SSbflstien [krii-mwa-ze], French 
printer, V. 456. 

Cramp, in muscular structures, I. 571, 2 c. 

Cramp Jlih: see Tokpedo, 



, Google 



236 OBANAOH 

Okasaoh, Lucas [kr&'-aa'h], German painter 
and engrayer, V. 456. Lucas (3d), 2 a. 

Crab'bebey, T. 456 (ill.). Cranberry rake, 
457, 1 0, Medicinal use, i6. Higli, orbusb, 
VIII. 2S5, 3 c. 

Cranbome, Viscount: see Sausbuky, XIV. 585, 



Oeahch, William, American jurist, V. 457. 

Christopber Pcarae, artist and poet, 3 ab. 
Okakb, bird, V. 457. American (whooping) 

crane, 3 c (ill.. 458). Sand-hill crane, 458, 

1 b. Crowned crane, 3 ab (ill.). 

Cease, machine for hoisting, V. 458 ; ill., IV. 

74. Bishop's boom derrick, V. 469, 1 b. 

Travelling crane, ib. 
Cranb, Anne Moncure (SeeniUller), American 

novelist, V. 459. 
OraneiMl, plant, VIL 731, 1 be; spotted, 1 c 

(ill.); small-flowered, 733, 1 a. 
Crangm (Crustacea), XV. 8, 2 a. 0. vulgaris, 

2 b (ill.). 

Crimia (braehiopoda). III, 177, 2 c. 

Granios'eopy ; see Pbeesolooy, XIII. 475, 1 b ; 
476, 1 ab. 

Craniot'oiny, in obstetrics, XII. 670, 3 b, 

Ceanmee, Thomas, archbishop of Canterbury, 
V. 459. Decides in favor of Ilonry VIII, 
the question of marriage with a brother's 
widow, 3 b. Thrico pronounces hia divorce, 
1 ; 460, 1 a, b. A persecutor, I a, c. Fa- 
vors the translation of the Bible, 1 ab. Con- 
demned and burned, 2 a-c. 

Ceabtor of Sou, academic philosopher, V. 460. 

CHANWOBTn, Robert Monacy Kolf e, baron, lord 
chancellor of England, V. 461. 

Ceanz, David [krSnts], German missionary and 
historian, V. 461, 

Ckapb, fabric, V. 461. 

Crape myrtle, plant, X. 763, 2 a. 

Crape ring, of Saturn, XIV. 640, 2 c. 

Ceash'aw, Richard, English poet and divine, 
V. 461. 

Cbassus, Lucius Licinius, Roman orator, V. 
461. Marcus Licinius, triumvir, 462, la. 

Cratm'ffua (botany), XV. 721, 3 a. 0. crus- 
galli, 3 bo (ill., 733). C. cordata and other 
species, 723, 1 b. C. oxyacantha, 1 c (ill.). 
C. pyracantha, 3 o. 

Ckat'bbus, Greek general, V. 463. 

OEiTBS [kra'-teez], Athenian comic poet, V. 
463. Cynic, 2 b. Philosopher, 2 o. Greek 
grammarian, 463, 1 a. 

Oeati'nbs, Athenian comic poet, V. 463. Poet 
of the middle comedy, 1 o. 



lEATip'rus, Greek historian, V. 403. Philoso- 
pher, 1 c. 
Oeadfued, Quintin, Scottish author, V. 463. 
Ceavbn, county, V. 463. 
Craven, Elizabeth r see Anspaoii. 
Okawfish, V. 463 (ill., 464), European, 464, 
) ; American species, ib. In the Mammoth 
ve, 2 c. 

CBiwrOED, name of eleven counties, V. 465. 

Ceawfobb, Nathaniel Macon, American clergy- 
man, V. 466. 

Crawfoed, Quintin r see Ceaufcrd. 

ORAWFOEn, Thomas, American sculptor, V. 466. 

Ceawfohd, William Harris, American states- 
man, V. 467. 

Chawfoedsville, city of Indiana, V. 468. 

Oraw/ordsville, county seat, XV. 556, 1 b, 

Crawfordmlle, county seat, XVI. 433, 1 a. 

Crav^-urd'e method of gahaniging ir<m, VII. 
602, 1 a, b. 

Crax (ornithology), V. 579, 2 be. C. alector, 
3 c (ill., 580). 0. globicera, 580, 1 b. C. 
rubra, 2 a (ill.). C. carnnculata, ib., &o. 

Ceatee, Gaspardde[kri'-er; Fr, kra-ya], Flem- 
ish painter, V. 468. 

Crayons, composition of, X. 538, 3 ab. 

Crea/m : see Bttttee. 

CTeam-eolored ware, Staffordshire pottery, 
Xm. 787, 1 a ; 788, 3 b. 

Creamer brake. III. 306, 1 b. 

Cream of lime, X. 478, 1 b. 

Cebam of Tabtae, V. 468. Adulteration, 46!>, 
1 b. Use in medicine, tS.; in tlie arts, 1 c. 

Cream ware, pottery, Xin, 783, 1 ah, 

Ceeatine [krS'-a-tin], V. 409; XVI. 334, 2 b. 

CreaUnine [kre-a'-tin-in], XVI. 224, 2 b. 

Creation, Oavier's arrangement of its succes- 
sive epochs, V. 600, 1 ho. 

Creator, a personal, proofs of in creation ; sec 
Aoissiz, 1. 175, 1 a, 

Ch^billok, Prosper Jolyot de [zhilh-Jyo dilh 
kra-be-yo'*], French tragic poet, V, 469, 
Claude Prosper Jolyot do, novelist, 3 c, 

CrScy [kra-se], village of France, V. 470. Bat- 
tle of, 1 a. Bee VUI. 356, 1 ab. 

Oreden'tes, class of Catharists, IV. 116, 3 ab. 

Ceedi, Lorenzo di [kra'-dc], Florentine artist^ 
V. 470. 

Ce6ditMobiliee [kra-de mo-be-lya], of Paris, 
V. 470. Of America, 471, 1 a. 

Ohed'iton, town of England, V, 471. 

Oeeeks, Indians, V, 471. Massacre of Fort 
Mimms, 473, 1 a ; IX. 488, 2 c. Subjuga- 
tion and dispersion, V. 472, 1 a, ff. ; IX. 489, 



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CREEPER 

1 a, 1j, <!. Removal from Florida, 493, I e. 

Government, V. 4T3, 2 b. Language, 3 c. 
CKKEraE, bird, V. 473 (ill., 473). Brown 

creeper, 473, 1 a. Tree creeper, 1 c. Black 

and white creeper, ii. 
Creeping to the cross, VIII. 101, 1 c 
Ckefbld [kra'-felt], town of Pmasia, V. 473. 
OEEioaT«N, John [krS'-tun], Irish soldier of 

fortune, V. 473. 
Oeelle, August Leopold [krel'-lSh], German 

architect and mathematician, V, 473. 
Oeemi [kra'-ma], town of Italj, V. 473. 
Ce£mibiis, Isaac Adolphe' [kra-myllh], French 

lawyer and statesman, V. 473. 
Chemnitz : see Kremnitz. 
Cbemona [krU-mo'-na], province of Italy, V. 

474. Capital city, 3 a. Belfry tower, 3 b. 
Cr^nates: see Oeenio Acid. 
Ckbn'io Aoid, V. 474. 

Crerdlalrtts tmea (ornithology), SVI. 734, 2 a. 
Cbeitshaw, county, V. 475. 
Cge'ole, V. 475. Creole negro, 1 ab, 2 ab. 

Creole dialects, 2 b. 
Creole, slave ship, case of the, VII. 803, 2 a. 
Cbe'os, mythical king of Corinth, V. 475. 

Legendary king of Thebes, 3 o. See CEdipus. 
Creosote, V. 475. TTse in preserving meat, 

476, 1 ah; as a medicine, 1 c. Its relations 

to carhoUc acid, III. 768, 1 h, 2 a; 760, 1 b. 
Crsoaoting, of wood, XIII. 824, 2 e. 
Crepid'nla (conohology), X. 486, 2 be (ill.). 
Crepuscular curve: seeTwnWKT, XVI.86,3bo. 
Cresap, Michael, captain, X. 575, 1 c, 2 a. 
Chescbnt, V. 476. Its use as a device by the 

Byzantines and Turks, 2 b ; III. 519, 2 a. 

Orders of the, V. 476, 3 b. 
Crescent, in heraldry, Vin. 673, 2 be. (See 

plate.) 
Creeeent City {New Orleans), 5IL 831, 2 a. 
Orescent City, county seat, V. 783, 1 a. 
Cre»cmtia cujete (botany), III. 560, 2 o. 
OREaoENTisi, Girolamo [kra-shen-te'-uc], so- 
prano singer, V. 476. 
Cbbsobszi, Pietro de' [dff krS-shen'-dze], Italian 

agricnltnral writer, V. 476. 
Cresol: see Oaebouo Acin, III. 769, 1 c. 
Crespy [fcra-pe], peace of, VII. 883, 1 o ; 418, i b. 
Ceess, plant, V. 476 ; XIII. 380, 3 c. Water 

cresB (ill.), V. 477. 
Cebsson, Elliott, American philanthropist, V. 

477. 
Ceesst : see Cb6ot. 
Crest, in heraldry, VIII. 074, 1 b. 
Creswicx, Thomas, English painter, V. 477. 



CRIMINAL 



237 



CresyVie add: see Carbolic Acid. 

Cbbtaceous Geottp, in geology, V. 477; IV. 
231, 2 be; VIL 697, 2 ab; VIIL 237, 1 c. 

Cretan hidl, capture of the, VIII, 679, 2 ab. 

Okete : see Oandia, Labyrinth of, III. 696, 
1 a ; X. 75, 1 b ; XL 614, 1 b ; L 099, 3 c ; 
XV. 701, 2 a. Original settlers of, III. 696, 
1 c. Dorian conquest, 3 a. Proverbial Ore- 
tan degeneracy (" always liars," Tit. i. 12), 
iS. Roman conquest, 3 ab. Venetian rule, 
3 b. Turkish oppression, ib. Insurrection 
of I866-'9, 3 be. Action of the great Euro- 
pean powers, 3 c. Ifinal submission, 69T, 
1 ab. Government, 1 b. 

Crb'tiks (Fr. eritins, krS^tA"), V. 477. Char- 
acteristics, 1 c. Distribution, ih., S. Causes 
of cretinism, 478, 1 b. Treatment, 1 o. In- 
stitutions for, 3 a ; VIII. 300, 2 a (Gir&OBN- 
bOhl) ; I. 20, 1 c (Abendbeho). 

Crbuse [krtii], department of Franco, V. 478. 

Obbutz, Gustaf Filip, count [kroits], Swedish 
poet and diplomatist, V. 478. 

CEEtrzER, Georg Friedrich [kroit'-ser], Ger- 
man philologist and antiquary, V. 478. 

Oreuiiger [kroi'-tse-gher] r see Cruoiobe. 

Cbehznaoh [kroits'- n&'h], town of Prussia, V. 
479. 

CeivicCEnR, Hector Saint-John de [kraiv-kfir], 
French agriculturist and traveller, V. 479. 

CiifevEctBUK, Philippe de, soldier, V. 479. 

Orewe, town of England, V. 479. 

Crex (ornithology), V. 455, 1 c ; XIV. 170, 1 b. 
0. pratensis, V. 455, 1 c O'l.)- 

Cribbage, game, V. 479. 

Grieetus [kri-s6'-tus], (zo61ogy), VIII. 483, 1 ab. 
C. vulgaris, 1 bo (ill.). 

Obichtoh, James [krl'-tun], the " admirable," 
V. 480. 

Ori«hton, Sir William, chancellor of Scotland, 
IX. 614, 2 a. 

CraoKET, insect, V. 480 (ills., 481). 

CniOKET, game, V. 482 (ill.). 

Oeillow [kre-y6'«J, French family, V. 482. 
Louis des Balbes de Berton de Crillon, sol- 
dier, 2 c. Louis, second duke de, 483, 3 a. 

Cbime'a, peninsula of Russia, V. 483. De- 
scription, 1 b. Products, 484, 1 h. Indus- 
try, 2 a. People, 3 b. History, 3 c. Cri- 
mean war, 485, 1 ab ; VI. 618, 2 a ; VII. 
755, 2 b ; XIV. 493, 3a; XV. 62, 1 ab. 

Crimfina lasate mt^estatia : see Majbstt. 

Ceimibal Law, V. 485. Severity of primitive 
laws, 2 ab. Greek and Roman laws, 486, 
1 be; Germanic, 487, 1 b; EngUsh, 488, 



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OEIMMITSOHAU 



CROPPER 



1 b ; of the United States, i89, 1 1. Prin- 
ciples recognized in criminal law, ifi. ; pri- 
vate and public injuries, ii. ; degree of guilt, 
3 a; rules of evidence and mode of proceed- 
ing, 490, 2 a. 

Ckimmitsohab, or Orimmitzsclian [krim'-mit- 
sliow], town of Saiony, V. 491. 

(kimtort dye, of the ajicients, X. 76, 1 a. 
Modern, IV. 779, 1 c ; VI. 343, 1 c. 

Cringle, rope in a ship, XIV. 866, 1 a. 

Cri'nis Bereni'ces, constellation, II. B63, 2 a. 

CbihoIdba [liri-no-id'-e-a], animals, V, 491 (ill.), 

Cbispin asd CfiiBPiNiiS, tutelary saints of 
shoemakers, V. 491, 

Ceissa, ancient town of Phoois, V. 491, 

Gritli, : see MoLEcriB, SI. 712, 1 b. 

Grith'mum mariU'mum (botany), SIV, S93, 

1 b (ill.). 

Oritias, leader of the thirty tyrants, V. 491. 

Critical angle, X. 439, 2 c; XL 629, 1 ab. 

Critical period (of life in women), I. 181, 1 b, 

Oeito, Mend of Socrates, V. 491. 

CiiiTOLA'trs, leader of an. Achiean insurrection, 
V. 491. 

Ceittesden, two counties, V. 492, 

Obittendbn, John Jordon, American states- 
man, V, 492, George B. and Thomas L., 
generals, 3 e. 

CcivELLi, Carlo [kre-vcl'-le], Italian painter, 
V. 492, 

Oboatia [kro-a'-sha], province of Austria, V, 
49S. Croats, 3 a (ill,). History, 3 c, 

Croatian langttage, XIV. 783, 1 b. 

Oroeine [kro'-sin], coloring matter, XIV. 517, 

2 c, 

Crookarda, coins, XI. 738, 3 b. 

Oeookeb, county, V. 494. 

Cbookett, David, V, 494 ; I. 336, 3 a (Aiamo). 

Croekford's, London, X. 608, 2 b. 

Ckocodile, v. 494. Anatomy, 1 b. Common 
crocodile of the Nile, 496, 1 c (ill,). Doable- 
crested, 497, lab {iH.), Lozenged, 2 a. Long- 
nosed, 2 ab. Fossil crocodiles, V. 497, 3 b; 
VIL eei, 3 a; XV. 623, 1 ab (ill.). Croco- 
dile of the West Indies, I, 333, 1 a, Gange- 
tic: see Gavial, Land, XI. 749, 1 b. 

GrocodilioM, V. 494, 3 a ; 497, 2b; VII. 651, 
2 0. Fossil, XV. 631, 2 o. 

Orocodilop'olii, ancient city (Arsino6), I. 771, 
1 a ; Vn. 103, 2 c 

Croeodilus vulgaris, V. 49S, 1 c (ill.). C. pa- 
lustris, 2 b. C, marginatns, 2 bo. C. bipor- 
catns, 497, 1 ab Tdl.). C. rhombifer, 3 a. C. 
aciitus, 3 ab. 0. cataphractus and C. Jour- 



noi, 3 h, 0. lucius, I. 333, 1 a. 0. priscus, 

vn. 651, 2 a. 
Ohootts, genua of plants, V, 498 (ill.), C, ver- 

nus and Susianus, 1 a. C. sativus, ib. ; XIV. 

517, 1 b (ill.). 0. odoms, V. 498, 1 b. 
OfiCESirs, king of Lydia, V, 498. 
Cboet, William, English cpmposer, V. 498. 
Croftijig, in bleachmg, II. TOS, 2 c. 
Cbo'ohan, George, American soldier, V. 498. 
CnoKEH, John Wilson, British statesman and 

author, V, 499. 
OnoKEE, Thomas Orofton, Irish author, V. 499. 
Cbolt, George, English clergyman and author, 

V. 499* 
Crom'arty : see Boss usa Cbomabtt. 
Cbomleoh [krom'-lek], V. 500; IX. 365, 1 a; 

XVI. 426, 3 b. Kit's Coty House, V. 500, 

1 c (01.). Derivation of the word, VIL 198, 

1 c. Cromlech at Tongataboo (ill.), 493, 1 b. 
Gromptan, Samuel, inventor, V. 412, 1 a. 
Ceomwbll, Oliver, lord protector of England, 

V. 500. In parliament, 501, 1 b. In the 
ai-my, 3 a. Charles I. delivered up to parlia- 
ment, 603, 3 c, Cromwell's political aims, 
504, 1 b. Campaign against the Scotch, 

2 ab, Charles I, tried and executed, 2 c. 
Second campaign against tJie Scotch, 505, 
1 ab. Battle of Worcester, the "crowning 
mercy," 3 o. Made lord protector, 506, 1 c. 
His foreign policy, 507, 1 be— His manage- 
ment of cavalry, IV 145, 1 b. Tolerance in 
religion, II 626, 1 o Kindness to George 
Fox, vn 3bl, 3 ab Plan for a universal 
Protestant missionary society, XI. 640, 2 b. 
Lely's portrait of, X 333, 3 c. See Navi- 
OATiotr Laws, XII 182, 1 c ; Polioi.ot, XIIL 
687, 3 0, — Richard, second lord protector, 
V. 507, 3 0. Oliver, Wa son, 508, 2 a. Hen- 
ry, lord deputy of Ireland, ib. 

Obomwbu,, liiomas, earl ofEsses, V. 509. His 
services to the English church and state, 510, 
1 a. Advice to Henry VIU. on the divorce 
question, VIII. 651, 1 c— Gregory Crom- 
well, baron, V. 510, 1 b. 

Cronos, in Orphic cosmogony, XII. 711, 1 a. 

Ceonstadt [krone'-st^t], seaport of Russia, 
V, 510 (view). 

CnONSTADT, Transylvania: see Keokstadi. 

Cronstedt (Asel Fredrik, 1722-'65), mineralo- 
gist, XL 689, 1 b ; XIl. 481, 1 c, 482, 1 a, 

Cronus, in Greek mythology: see Satcen. 

Obooks, George Richard, American clergyman, 
V, 511. 

Cropper, kind of pigeon, XIII. 504, 2 c. 



,y Google 



CEUOIBLE 



Cn>ps, rotation of, I, 198, 1 b; triennial and 
(juailrennial rotation of in Germany, VII. 
747, 2 0. Enriching and exhausting crops, 
I. 198, 1 c. Composition of, and value as 
food, 2 c, ff. 

Obopsbt, Jasper Frank, American artist, V. 511. 

Ckosby, Howard, American clergyman and 
author, V. 511. 

Ormier, bishop's. If. 663, 2 c. 

OroslA-nd, Mrs. Newton (Camilla Toulmin), 
English authoress, V. 511. 

Choss, V. 511. Forms of, 3 c, ff. (ills.). As 
an instrument of punishment, 513, 2 b. The 
chosen symbol of Christianity, 513, 1 a. 
With other sacred symbols, 1 b. Its use in 
the Roman church, 1 e. Legend of the dis- 
covery of the trne cross, 2 a. Feasts of, 1 c, 
2 bo. Architectural crosses, 2 c. Waltham 
cross, 514, 1 a (ill.). 

Grom, in heraldry, VIII. 672, 2 a; 678, 3 ab. 
Per cross, 671, 2 c. (See plate.) Crosses of 
8t. George, St. Andrew, and St. Patrick, VII. 
219, 2 c. Cross of Savoy, I. 373, la; F. E. 
R. T., device of, ib. 

Cross, county, V. bli. 

Grom, iron, institution of the order, II. 756, 1 c. 

CnosSBiLi, bird,V. 514. American, 2 b (ill.). Eu- 
ropean, *i. White-winged, 515, 1 a (ill., 514). 

Crossbow : see Akokekt, I. 049, 1 b (ill.). 

Groag Greek: see Fatbttbville, VII. 102, 2 b. 

Crosse, Andrew, English electrician, V. 515, 

Groisei, in hybrid izatiou, IX. 103, 1 c. 

Groas hatching, in engraving, VI. 6i8, S be. 

Croti-jack yard, in a ship, XIV. 865, 1 a. 

Cross Eets, Virginia, battle of, V. 515. 

Crott moline, in heraldry, VIII. 673, 3 bo. 
(See plate.) 

Croaaop'tilon (ornithology), SiH. 209, 1 c. C. 
anritam, 3 ab. 

Cross nmben, the, Texas, XIV. 23fl, 2 ab ; 
5V. 670, 3 0. 

Crosivilk, county seat, V. 567, 1 a. 

Croes-mne : see Truupbt Flower, XVI. 16, 1 c. 

Croswell, Edwin, American journalist, V. 616. 

Croswhll, Harry, American journalist and 
clergyman, V. 516. 

Crotalaria jvmeea, (botany), VIII. 633, 2 c (ill.). 

Grotaline [krot'-a-lin], rattlesnake's poison, 
XIV. 316, 1 c. 

Grotaioph'oTvs (zoology), XIV. 216, 1 a. C. 
miliarius, 1 ab. 0. tergeminus, 1 b. 

Grot'alus (zoMogy), XIV. 214, 3 a. 0. (urop- 
sophns) durissus, 215, I e (ilL). 0. adaman- 
teus and C. horridns, 3 o. 



Oeotch, William, English composer, V. 516. 

Crotch, river of Hew York, V. 516. Aqae- 
dnct, I. 613, S b (iU.). Lake, 614, 1 a. Wa- 
ter works, XII. 394, 1 b. 

GroUm (botany), IV. 86, 2 c. C. Eleutberia, 
51, 3 o (ill., 53). C. tiglium, V. 516, 3 be 
(ill., 517). 

Croton, ancient city ; see Ceotosa.. 

Croto'na, ancient city of Italy, V. 5]6. 

Croton Oil, V. 516. Plant, 3 be (ill., 517). 
Pseudo croton oil, 517, 1 b. 

Croup, V. 517, Spasmodic, 1 c. Catarrhal, 
3 a. Inflammatory, 2 ab. True croup, 2 b ; 
false croup, ii. Treatment, 518, 1 b. Spasm 
of tlie glottis (" holding the breath "), 2 be. 
Bioodroot as a remedy for, II. 739, 1 be. 

Croupier, in horse armor, 1. 734, 1 a. 

Ohochaz, Jean Pierre de [hroo-zfi], Swiss phi- 
losopher and mathematician, V. 519. 

Okow, bird, V. 519. American, 1 b (ill.). Eu- 
ropean, 530, 1 c. Hooded, 2 c (ill., 521). 
Fish crow, 531, 1 c. Carrion crow of Coy- 
Ion, 3 c. Eed-legged, IV. 531, 1 o, 

Crow BLicKmno r see Gkakle. 

Crontd: see ViolIxM, XVI. 363, 2 b. 

Crowe, Catharine, English authoress, V. 523. 

Crowe, Eyre Evans, English historian, V. 533. 

Crowfoot, plant, XIV. 202, 1 c; creeping, 2 c. 

Growing Tien, IV. 783, 1 a. 

Growland: see Croyland. 

Cbowh, V. 522. Roman crowns, 2 c (ills.). 
Imperial and royal crowns, 523,1 be. British 
crown, 2 a. Papal, 2 b. 

Grown, in heraldry, VIII, 674, 1 ab. 

Crow Nat, hill on the Hudson, IX. 80, 1 a. 

Grows Poist, town of New York, V. 538. 

Crown Point, county seat, X. 109, 2 c. 

Growns, of lily of the valley, X. 474, 1 a. 

Crown wheel, of a clock or watch, IV. 696, 3 b. 

Ceows, tribe of Indians, V. 523 (ill., 524); 
IX. 787, 3 0. 

Growth, Celtic musical insti-ument, XII. 88, 1 b. 

Crow Wiso, county, V. 524. 

Orotff Win^, connty seat, V. 534, 2 a. 

Croydok, town of England, V. 534. 

Ceotland, town of England, V. 534. Croy- 
land abbey, 2 c (ill.). Bridge, III. 370, 3 e. 

Grosiat, Antoine [krfih-z&], U. 629, 2 b, be. 

Graset [krttb-za] : see Krozbt. 

Gruaehan Ben [kroo'-kan], mountain of Scot- 
land, I. 698, 1 b. 

OEtJCmLE, V. 535; SI. 426, 1 b. Earthen- 
ware crucibles, V. 525, 1 ab; black-lead, 
2 a ; chemical, 3 b ; Hessian, IV. 649, 2 c. 



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240 



CEUCIBULUM 



CTueiVulum, fungus, VII. 533, 3 ab. 

Okdoefix, V. 525. 

OHtromsioN, V. 535. See Ckoss, E13, 2 bo. 

Cedoigee, Kaspar [ki'Oo'-tse-gher], Geruiaa 
theologian, V. 536. Georg; proiesaor of 
philosophy, 1 e. 

Ckudes, Alesander, author of " Concordance," 
V. 526. 

Cecoeb, John [kru'-gher], colonial mayor of 
New York, V. 526. John Harris, loyalist, 
2 0. Henry, merchant, 527, 1 a. 

Oruieishmih imylirm, Aberdeen, I. 21, 3 c. 

Griiick^hanka : see Cbcikshank, William. 

Chuikshahk, George [krook'-shank], English 
caricaturist, V. 627. (Died 1878.) 

CBurKSHiKK:, William, Scottish anatomist, V, 
527. 

OraikshanFi UtUry, VII. 589, 1 a (ill.). 

Oruorine [kru'-o-rio], in blood, XII, 771, 1 ab. 

Crura cereielU, in anatomy, III. 190, 2 bo. 

Car BADE, coin, T. 53 7. 

Cbusadbs, V. 537, 111 treatment of Chris- 
tians in Palestine, 528, 1 a. Peter the Her- 
mit, 1 b. Council of Clermont, 3 a. Walter 
the Penniless, 2 b. First erosade, 2 e ; sec- 
ond, 529, 1 be (see Bbrnaed, Saint, U. 574, 

1 a-b) ; Uiird, 2 a ; f onrth, 2 c ; fifth, 530, 1 c, 
andX. 184, 2 a; sisth, V. 530, 2 be; seventh, 

2 c, and X. 652, 1 c ; eighth, V. 531, 1 c, and 
X. 653, 1 a. Children's crasade, T. 530, 1 c. 
Immediate cause of the crusades, XIV. 757, 
2 be. Influence on emancipation, 775, 1 a. 
Overthrow of the feudal system hastened 
by them, VII. 162, 1 be. 

Orcsesstolpb, Magnus Jacob [kroo'-zen-stoJo- 
pBh], Swedish author, V. 533. 

Ceusitis, Christian August [kroo'-ze-oos], Gor- 
man theologian and philosopher, V. 532. 

OiM*, in wine, XVI. 666, 2 be. 

Ceusta'cea, v. 532. Milne-Edward s's sub- 
divisions, 2 b. Cleans, 2 c. Sense of sight, 
538, la; VII. 48, 1 b. 

Gruita petroaa, of teeth, XV. 606, 1 c. 

CuUTEiLniBE, Jean [krii-va-lyfi], French physi- 
cian, V. 538. (Died 1874.) 

Cktivel'li, Sophie, Baroness Vigier, German 
vocalist, V. 534. 

Omx (cross), V. 511, 2 c 0. decussata, 512, 
1 a; immissa, ii.; commissa, or patibulata, 
ih.; ansata, b-c, and XIII. 380, 2 c. 

Ceuz, Juana Inez de la [kroos], Mcsican poet- 
ess, V. 534. 

Cruzada [kroo-thA'-(Sa] : see Lest, X. 344, 
Ibc. 



CRYSTALS 

Cruzian'a, fossil footprints, VII. 343, 3 b. 

Cey'olitk, mineral, V. 534. Alum obtained 
from it, I. 365, 2 ab. Alumina prepared 
from it, 366, 2 c. Aluminum from it, 368, 
I a. Exportation of from Greenland, Vlll. 
233, 1 b. 

Gryoph'orws, water freezer, XVI. 690, 1 o. 

Gryptdbran'ehus (zoology), SI. 893, 2 b. C. 
Japonicus, 893, 1 a. C. primigenius, 2 a. 

Cetpio-Calvinists, V. 534. Crypto-Calvinis- 
tic controversy, 2 b, and X. 639, 1 c, 733, 

1 be. 

Cryptococcia : see Fbementation, VII. 146, 

2 (ill.). Referred to, XVL 776, 2 be. 
Cryptog'amovs planU, S. 408, 1 c. 
Orytophylluii eontmua (entomology), IX. 773, 

2 b (ill.). 

Cfypto'pia, alkaloid, XII. 660, 1 b. 

Gryp'topiit (zoology), XV. 810, 2 a. 

GTyptu'rua (ornithology), XV. 765, 1 be. 

Cnys'TALUHB Less, V. 535 ; XVL 392, 1 o. 

Crystallization, V. 635, 3 a: see Maonbtism, 
XI. 7, 3 b. .Originator of the theory of, II. 
558, 3 a. Geometrical hiw of discovered, 
Vm. 517, 3 a. 

GTyatallograph'ie axis, X. 441, 2 a. 

Oeystallog'eapiit, V. 635. General princi- 
ples, 2 b. Its mathematical basis, 537, 2 c. 
Systems of (ills.) : isometric, 536, 1 ab ; 
tetragonal, 1 c; orthorhombic or trimetric, 

3 a; monoclinic, 2 b; triclinic, 3 c; hei- 
agonal, ib. ; rhomboliedron, 637, 1 a. Con- 
stancy of the relative values of the axes, 3 a. 
Variety of forms, 2 c. Modifications in de- 
rivative or secondary forms, 638, 1 b (ills.). 
Relation of derivative forms to one another, 
2 (iil., 539). Relation of the physical 
character of crystals to the forms and ases, 
539, 1 ab. Variations in the angles of the 
crystals, 1 b. Compound crystals, 2 a (ills.). 
Aggregations of crystalline particles, 540, 

1 b. Modes of crystallization, 2 ab. Ori^a 
of the modifications of crystals, 641, 1 a. 
Application of mathematics to crystallog- 
raphy, 3 0. See Mweealogy, XT. 589, 1 b, c, 

2 a. Use of chromatic polarization in crys- 
tallography, X. 460, 2 ab, 

Oryatalloid^, VL 71, 1 c, ff. 

Crystal palaee, England, L 261, 2b; IX. 258, 
2 0, 259, 1 c. 

Crystals: see Ceystau-o graph y. Uniaxial, 
X. 441, 3 a ; 442, 1 o ; 446, 3 a (ills.) ; 449, 
1 a; 460, I a. Biaxial, 441, 2 a; 443, 1 ci 
449, S a, c (ills.); 451, 3 a, c (ill.); 453, 



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OEYTOPIIYLLUS 

1 a, ff. (illE.)- Negatire ami positive, 442, 

1 bo. Eight- and left-handed, 450, 1 ab. 
Grytophyl'lui conca't^m (entomology), IS. 773, 

2 b (ill.). 

a-j/U^s (myriapoda), IV. 203, 3 c. 

CsABi [chob'-aw], town of Hurgary, V. 541. 

CsASAD [chon'-id], county o( Hungary, V. 542. 
Town, 1 a. 

CaoKONAi, Vit^z llih&ly [cho'-ko-naw-e], Hun- 
garian poet, v. 542. 

CsoMA cB K5e0s, SSndor [cho'-raaw d6h ko'- 
rosh], Hungarian traveller and orientalist, 
V. 543. 

CsosGKAD [chon'-grSd], county of Hungary 
v. 542. Town, 3 o. 

Oteis [tS'-is] : sco Pualuc WoBsniP, XIII. 380 

Ctesoids : see CoMPAnATivE Asatomy, V 
183, 3 c. 

Ctenol'abrut cceru'leus (ichthyology), XIII. 284 
1 b (m.) ; XVI. 734, 3 a. 

CiBNOPH'oB.i;, jelly fishes, V. 543. Plouro- 
brachia, 1 a (ill.). 

Otenos, city, supposed site of, IX. 385, 1 c. 

Ctesias, Greek physician and historian, V. 
643, Hia knowledge of lightning rods, X 
465, 2 b. 

CTEarBiua, Alesandrian mathematician and in 
ventor, V. 543. His improvement of thi 
clepsydra, IV. 670, 1 a. See Htdkomechak- 
ics, IX. 116, 3 ab. 

Ctesiphos [tes'-e-fon], Athenian orator, V. 
643; 799, 1 be. 

Ctesiphos, ancient city of Assyria, V. 643. 

Cd'ba [8p. koo'-ba], V. 643. Coasts, 544, 1 
Topography, 1 c. Geology, 2 b. Minerals, 
546, 1 b. Climate, 1 c. Flora, 2 c. Fauna, 
546, 1 ab. Inhabitants, 2 a. Slave trade 
and slavery, 547, 1 a. Productive industry, 
1 c. Mines, 548, 1 e. Commerce, 2 ab. 
Education, 549, 3 ab Literature, 550, 1 ib 
Government, 2 i Army and navy, 551. 

1 ab. Banks, 1 c Intercommnnicition, 

3 a. History, 2 c AmeriLfln opposition to 
its transfer to any foreign power, 658, 1 o 
Projected acquisition of by the United btates, 

2 c, and 1, 103, 3 c. Lopez expedition, V, 
553, 2 ab. Cuban revolution, 554, 1 a, ff. 
Tirginiua affair, XIV. 621, 2 c. 

Ouhan hloodhotfod, so called, II. 737, 1 b. 

Culature of solids, V, 555, 2 c. 

Cube, in geometry, V. 555. In arithmetic and 

algebra, 2 o. Cubic equation first solved, 

XI, 279, 1 c, 
16 



CULDEE8 



241 



CuBEBS, V, 665. Piper cnbeba, 2 c (ill., 556). 

Cubit, ancient measnre, V. 656 ; XVI. 538, 2 a. 

G'uboU hoitei, VIII. 825, 2 b. 

CcoEiiNa Stool, instmment of punishment, V, 
556. 

CnCKOo [kook'-oo], bird, V. 556, European, 
2 c (ill.). Habit of laying its eggs in nests 
of other birds, 557, lb; L513,lb; H. 657, 
1 a. American, 557, 1 c ; yellow -hilled, 3 a 
(ill.) ; black-billed, 2 c ; mangrove, 558, 1 a. 

Cuckoo's mate: see Wktbeok, bird. 

Cmvjo, West Indian firefly, VII. 313, 1 c. 

Ou'cuhis (ornithology), V. 556, 2 ah. C. ca- 
norus, 3c(ill.). Parasitiehabitsof, 557, 1 b; 
II. 657, 1 a, 

Ctr'cuMBEE, V, 558. Common, 1 c (ill.). 
Squirting cucumber, 559, 1 a (ill,, 568). 
Medical and cosmetic nse, 558, 3 c. Cucum- 
ber ointment, 550, 1 a. 

Oveamher tree, XL 19, 3 b. YeUow, 20, 1 b. 

Ou'eumis (botany), V. 558, 1 b. C. sativus, 
1 (ill.), C. melo, XI, 372, 1 b, 

Cucur'Uta (botany), VIII. 131, 3 a; XIV. 87, 
1 c, C, pepo, 3 a (ill.). See Squasii. 

CuDurbita'cem, gourd family, VIII, 131, 1 a, 

Chdbeab [kud'.bare], dyestuff, V. 559 (ill.). 
See Aechil, I. 650, 2 c ; 661, 1 a. 

Cubdaxore', town of Hindoatan, V. 559. 

Cuc'iiAPAir, district of Hindostan, V. 569. 
Town, 2 h. 

CuDWOETH, Ealph, English divine and philoso- 
pher, V. 559. See Mobal Philosoi-hy, XI, 
807, 2 ab, 811, 3 c; Philosophy, XHL 488, 
1 a, 440, 2 be. 

Cue, in billiards, II, 641, 2 o (ill.) ; 642, 1 a. 

OuEHOA [kwain'-ka], province of Spain, V.60O. 
Capital, 2 b (view). 

Cbenoa, city of Ecuador, V. 580. 

Ctteva, Juan de la [M kwa'-va], Spanish poet, 
V. 561. 

CcFAH : see Cufic Insceiptioks. 

Cfffee, Paul, American Indian preacher, V, 
561, Paul, negro sea captain, 1 be. His ap- 
peal from the custom house officer to Presi- 
dent Madison, 1 c, 

Cnno Ibsceiptioks akd Coi:\s, V, 561 ; 1 623, 
1 a. 

Cugnot, Nicoldi Joseph [ka-ny6], hia steam car- 
riage, XV, 335, 2 c (ill., 336), 

Cuiaha: see C try aba. 

Cujacins : see Cujas. 

OnjAS, Jacques [ku-zhas], French jurist, V, 562, 

Cula'ro: see Gsksoble, 

Cul'dbes,' religious fraternity, V. 562. 



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CUP 



Culet, of the diamond, VI. 76, 1 be. 

Culex (entomology), V!. 129, lb; VIII. 49, 

3 b, ff, C. pipiens and C. Americana, VI. 

139, 1 b. 
Culhuas [kool'-wSs], Indian race, XI. 472, 1 be. 
OuiiAOAN [koo-le-S-k&n'], city of Mexico, V. 563. 
CaWid(B {entomology), Vin. 49, 3 b. 
CnLLBN, Paul, Irisb Catbolic prelate, V. 563. 
CuLLES, William, Scottish pbysician, V. 5G3. 

His theory of inflammation, IX. 275, 1 a. 
Gullenitei arid BTOwmtea, III, 337, 1 b. 
Cira.u;Bi. [lioo-lya'-ra], town of Spain, V. 564. 
CulUt, ia glass making, Vni. 18, 3 c. 
Cdllo'den Hottsb, V. 564. Battle of CuIIoden, 

1 a, 588, 1 c; IV. 313, 2 a; VII. 706, 1 be. 
" Culloden Papers," VII. 313, 1 be. 

Odlm [koolm], city of Prnssia, V. 664. 
OuLM, town of Bohemia : see Kulk. 
(Mm [kiilm], of grasses, VIII. 106, 1 a. 
Oubmnation, in astronomy, XV. 841, 3 a. 
Oul'wa, town of British India, V. 564. 
CuLPEPBK [knl'-pep-er], county, V. 564. 
CnLPEPEE,JobE,eolonial political leader, V. 564. 
CutPEPEK, Tiiomas, lord, colonial governor, V. 

664. 
Cultivator: see Plough, XIII. 616, 3 ab. 
GvXlos [kool'-tooe], Spanish poets, XV. 231, 3 o. 
Oulturgegehiehte [kool-toor'-g6h-slii°h-t6b], in 

German literature, VII. 771, 1 o. 
Otd'veHn, 1. 785, 2 a, bo, 786, 1 a; III. 706 (111.). 
qakert, of a canal, in. 681, 1 o, 3 o. 
CvMs, or Onma, ancient city of Italy, V. 564. 

Remains of Greek tomb (ill.), 566. 
CuMANi [koo-ma-nS'], state of Venezuela, V. 

665. Capital city, S b. 
Cuma'nu, Great and Little, districts of Hun- 
gary, V. 565. 
CuTuam, race, V. 566, 1 a. 
CuMBBRLAND, eight counties, V. 566. 
CuMBEBLAND, countj of Nova Scotia, V. 567. 
CuMBEBLAKn, county of England, V, 567. 
OuMBBRLABD, city of Maryland, V. 567. 
Cumberland, Smest Augustus, iaks of: see 

Eesest Augcsths. 
Cumberland, Kichard, English divine, V. 667 ; 

SI. 811, 3 bo. Richard, dramatist, 568, 1 h. 
CcMBBRLAND, William Angustus, dnke of, V.668. 
Oumberland Court Souse, county seat, V. 566, 

2 b. 

OCMBBRLAND MonNTAINS, V. 568. 

Ohmbeeland Prbsbytehiaus, v. 668. 

CUMBBELAND ElVEK, V. 669. 

Oumierland ujiwersity, X. 280, 2 b. 
Cum'ino, county, V. 669. 



OcMiHO, Hugh, English naturalist, V. 669, 
Oum'ih Sbed, V. 569 (ifl.). 
Ca'minum cymfinum (botany), V. 569 (ill.). 
Ciimming, county seat, VII. 326, 1 a. 
OuMMiHO, John, British clergyman and author, 

V. 509 ; XI. 650, 2 ab. 
OcMMiNu, Eoualeyn George Gordon, English 

sportsman and author, V. 670. 
CrrMMiNGS,Joseph, American clergyman, V.570. 
Ctimmims, Maria S., American novelist, V. 670. 
Cunetator, title of Fabius, VII. 51, 3 b. 
Cundinamar'oa, state of Colombia, V. 570. 
Ouhditran'so, supposed cancer care, V. 570. 
Cvneat'ie inscriptions : see Cukeifokm Ikbcrip- 



CuNEGO, Domenioo [koo-na'-go], Italian en- 
graver, V. 570. 
C-un^gunda, empress of Germany, VIII. 657, 

2 band bo; 658, la. 

Ceseifobm Ihscbiptioks [ku-no'-e-form], V. 
570. Persian cuneiform writing, 571, 1 b, c. 
Theories respecting, 3 a. Decipherment of, 

3 c, fE. Persian alphabet, 573. Scythian 
writing, 671, 1 b; 574, 3 C. Assyrian or 
Babylonian, 675, 1 ab. Specimens with 
translations, 675, 577, Acooont of the deJ- 
uge, 677, 1 (ill.). 

CuNEO [koo'-na-o] : see CoHi. 

Cunettc^, in fortification, VII. 329, 1 c. 

CuNNiBOHAM, Allan, Scottish poet and prose 
writer, V. 578. Alexander, soldier and au- 
thor, 2 b. Peter, author, 3 c. 

Cunningham, Mim Ann Pamela, projector of 
the purchase of Mt. Vernon, VI. 800, 1 b. 

Cunningham, John, British poet, V, 578. 

Cunniitgham corre^ttndenee, I. 96, 3 c. 

Cunohelin, British king, mint of, XI. 616, 1 b. 

Cunoeepkali: see Otnocephah. 

Cap, in the eucharist, withheld from the laitr, 
X. 640, 1 a-b. 

Ou'pAE, borough of Scotland, V. 578. 

Cup lattery, VII, 588, 3 b. 

CCPBL AND Cul'ELLATION : SCO AsSATINO, II. 

27, I c; Ashes, II. 5, 3 b; III. 62, 1 a; X. 
260, 1 ab. Process of, II. 747, 2 a. Ger- 
man cupelling furnace, X. 260, I b. 

Cupid : see Eeos. 

Cupid and Psyche, story of; see Pstchb. Its 
author, I. 607, 2 o. 

Cu'pola, in distinction from dome, VI. 195, 3 b. 

Cupola, a form of blast furnace, IV. 74, 1 o, 
3 (ills.) ; 75, 1 a and c. 

CtrppiNG, V. 579 ; II. 738, 1 b. 

Cupplant,X'V.i6,2h. 



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WOOEAES.. 

poisonous principle, 



CUPRES8U8 



!« (botany), V. 613, 1 c. C. aeinpervi- 
reus, 2 a. (ills.). 0, liorizontalis, 614, 1 a 
(ill.). 0. Lusitanica, ib., and IV. 164, 2 c, 
165, S nb, 0. pendnlfl, V. 614, 1 a. C, 
thyoides, IV. 164, 3 c, C. ifutkatensis, I, 
241, 2 a. 

Cupulif'erm (botany), SII. 561, 1 b. 

Cwragaa [8p. koo-ra-sow'] : see Ockacoa. 

CcEigoA [koo-ra-so'-a], island, V. 570. Li- 
queur, 2 a. 

CuTO/ti [koo-rft'-re 

Cu/rarine [ku-rfi' 
SVI. 734, 1 a. 

Cwrastou [Dutch, koo-ras-sow'] : see Ol'easoa. 

CuEAasow', bird, V. 579. Oresfod, 2 c (ill., 
580). Globose, 680, 1 b. Eed, 3 a (ill.)- 
Wattled, ib. Cnsbew curassow, 2 b (ill.) 
Eazor-biUod, 2 o (ill.)- 

CuEATB, in the church of England, V. 581, 

CuroMa [Sp. koo-rarso'-a] : see CuBAgoA. 

Curbstone brolcer, XV. 888, 2 b. 

OiiEctr'Lio, beetle, V. 581 (ill.) ; II. 477, 3 b; 
Sni. 621, 1 a. C. pales, SVI. 636, 1 c. 

Cur'ntnui (botany), XVI. 69, 3 be (ill.). C. 
longa, ib. ; V. 686, 3 b. 0. rotunda, ib. 

Cureumine [kur'-kn-min], coloring matter, 
XVI. 70, 1 b. 

CuRBB [tu'-reez], ancient town, V. 582. 

CuKBTES [ku-re'-teez], priests of Oybele, V. 
683; 604,1a. 

CuTBtes, ancient people, I. 136, 1 b. 

OuEFBW, evening bell, V. 683; VII. 3i0, 1 b; 
XVI. 629, 2 bo. 

Curia: see Cdbi^, and Pateicians, XIII. 167, 
2 c. 0. Hoatilia, 0. Julia, and 0. Pompeiana, 
XIV. 410, 3 c. 

Oviam, in ancient Rome, V. 682 ; XIV. 410, 



2 be. 

Curia Shatorum : see Coirai. 
Ouriatii [ku-ro-a'-sbe-i] : see Boratii (Index). 
Ouriiig house, in sugar making, XV. 448, 3 b. 
CoBio, C. 8criboniu9, Roman general and 

statesman, V. 582. 0. Scribonius (2d), 2 c, 
CuEins DaaTAnrB: see Dentatus. 
Carl, disease of the peach, XIII. 207, 2 c. 
Ourl cloud, IV. 710, 2 c. 
CuELEw, bird, V. 583. Long-billed, 1 c (ill.). 

Esqnimaus, 2 ab (ill.). Hudsonian, 584, 1 a. 

Largest European, 1' b. Whimbrel, 1 be. 

Pink curlew, IX. 143, 2 c ; white, ib. ; Span- 

CcBtiNS, game, V. 684. 
Gwrragh of Kilda/re, IX. 831, 1 b. 
OoEEAN, John Pliilpot, Irish orator, V. 584. 



C0ETIU8 243 

CnREAST, V. 585. Red, 1 b (ill.). Black, 2 a 
(ill.). Eetid, 3 b. Other varieties. Currant 
wine, 086, 1 h. Zanto currants : see Kaisis, 
XIV. 189, 2 c. 

CuHEENOY ; see Mowey. 

OCBEKNT ElTBH, V. 586, 

CuKBENTS, Ocean : see Atlantic Ocean, II. 
73, 2 a, ff. Cause of, 73, 3 b. Bebring 
strait, XIII. 665, 1 a. Origin of northern, II. 
77, 3 a. Antarctic current, 78, 1 b ; XIII. 
657, 2 b. Equatorial curreats, II. 73, 1 a-e, 
Brazilian current, 1 a, and Xffl. 657, 3 b ; 
Guinea, If. 73, 1 a; South Atlantic, 1 b; 
southern connecting, 1 b ; Eennel's, 3 a ; 
La Plata, XIII. G67, 2 b. Polar currents, 
II. 78, 1 c ; 75, 1 a, 1 c, 2 c ; 77, 1 a, b, c, 
3 c ; XIII. 6^4, 1 e, f£. InHuence of ocean 
currents in the polar seas, XIII. 664, 1 a ; 
637, 2 b. Currents in the Pacific and Indian 
oceans : Agulhas current, IX. 244, 2 b ; East 
Australian, ib., and XIII. 65T, 3 b ; 8outh 
Australian, ib., and XII. 781, 1 c; Cape 
Horn, ib., and XIII. 657, 2 b ; Humboldt or 
Peruvian, XII. 781, 1 c ; Japan, 2 ab ; Kam- 
tchatta, ib. ; Madagascar, XIII. 657, 2 bo ; 
Malabar, IX. 344, 3 b ; Mozainbique, 2 ab, 
and XIII. 657, 3 be ; northern or current of 
Mentor, XII. 781, I c ; north equatorial, 
3 a, and IX. 244, 2 b ; south e^atorial, ib., 
3 a, and XII. 781, 1 c. 

Currmts of wind, XVI. 65T, 2c; XI. 4S6, 3 b. 

OcEEiE, James, Scottish physician, V. 586. 

Cdb'bitdce, county, V. 686. 

Currituck Court House, county seat, V. 586, 2 a. 

OcHBT, condiment, V. 586 ; XIV. 309, 3 b. 

Ctjeey, county, V. 586. 

CuEET, Daniel, American clergyman, V. 587. 

Cdkeyiso : see Tahsiso, and S. 275, 3 c. 

CuKsoR, Papirius : see Papieius Coesoe. 

GuKTEaY, in law, V. 587 ; 755, 1 be ; VI. 738, 1 a. 

Curtilage, enclosure, IIL 448, 1 c. 

CuBTis, Benjamin Eobbins, American jurist, 
V. 687 (died 1874). George Ticknor, law- 
yer and judieia! author, 2 b. 

Curtis, George William, American author and 
journalist, V. 587. 

Curtw, M. A.J his experiments on fungi as 
food, Vir. 580, 2 ab ; X. 748, 2 ab ; XII. 71, 
2c; 72, 1 a and c. His description of the 
dionaa, VI. 132, 2 e. 

Curtim [kur'-shus], paeudonyme, XVI. 533, 2 b. 

CuBTira, Ernst [koor'-tse-oos], German archa- 
ologist and historian, V. 688. Georg, phi- 
lologist, 2 b. 



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CoRTica, Marcus, legendary Eoman hero,V. 568. 

CcETitrs EuFua, Qnintus, Eomnn historian, V. 
589. 

OaTvature, circle ot V. 589, 1 a. 

Oarmture of the tpine, angular, XV. 268, 1 b, 
2 a ; lateral, 1 b. 

CuEVE, in geometry, V. 58H, Etiuation of the, 
VII. 701, 2 b. 

Curve of ehemieal force, XV. 347, 1 a (ill., 245). 

Curaee, Tschirnhausen's conception of the gen- 
eration of, VII. 701, 2 c. Transform atioa 
of, by various modes, 702, 1 a. 

Ourvirostrata Americana (ornithology), V. 514, 
2 b (ill.). 0. leucoptera, 515, 1 a (ill, 514). 

Ourmen, J., his tonic sol-fa, SII, 83, 1 b (Music), 

CtmzoLA [koor-tao'-la], island of Dolmatia, V. 
589. 

Cumolari inlands [koor-tao-la'-re], VI, 386, 2 bo. 

CuEZON, Paul Alfred de [kiir-zo"*], French 
painter, V. 589. 

Cugeuta, a vegetable parasite, IV, 714, 2 c. 

Otbh, eldest son of Ham, V, 589, Land of, 
2 a. Cnshite race, 2 b. 

Cuthat [koosb'-at], ring pigeon, XIII. 505, 1 b, 

CtrsHiNS, Caleb [koosh'-ing], American jurist 
and statesman, V. 589.- 

CusHiKO, Luther Stearns, lawyer and judicial 
writer, V, 590, 

CusHiHo, Thomas, statesman, V, 590, 

Cdshino, William, jurist, V. 590. 

CcsHstAir, Charlotte Saunders, American ac- 
tress, V. 591 (died 1876). Susan, 2 a, 

CnsHMAK, Eobert, a founder of Plymouth 
colony, V. 591. Thomas, his son, 592, 1 a. 

CtrsE, fish, V. 592. American cusk, 1 b (ill.) ; 
European, S a, 

Gutse^ta, county seat, IV. 339, 1 a, 

Oagso [kooa'-so] : see Koosso, and II, 287. 1 b, 

OuaxAEU Apple, V, 592 (ill,). Cheriraoyer, 
2 c. Sour sop, 3>. Sweet sop, i5. 

Cm'ter, Gen. (George A., born 1889, killed by 
the Indians, with liis whole command, June 
26, 1876) : see Chbtbnbes, IV. 395, 1 c. 

CuSTiNE, Adam Philippe, count de [kQs-teen], 
French general, V. 593. Renaud Philippe, 
1 b, Aatolphe, marquis de, author, ib. 

CtrsTis, George Washington Parke, adopted son 
of George Washington, V. 593. 

OuaUm of London, concerning a married wo- 
man, IX, 87, 2 b. 

Oustomn, in distinction from excise, VII. 23, 1 c. 

Customs iun tJsAoBa, as common law, V. 593. 

CuttomM of mei-chante : see Law Merchant, 



CUVIEE 

Customs parliament, in Germany, VII, 759, 
2 a, and be. 

Custom, wor'k: see Shoe, XIV, 870, 2 c. 

CusTozzA [koos-tote'-sa], village of Italy, V. 
594. Battle of, ib., and I. 254, 2 c, 

CirsTBiM : see KflaTRiN. 

Otitatiaium, ancient city, X. 66, 1 b. 

CuU^, for dyeing and tanning, IV. 105, 2 c, 

CuTCH, state of Hindostan, V. 594. Ruiin of 
Outch, 1 e, 

CurcH,Gulfof, V. 594. 

CuTOH Gttndava [gfin-di'-va], province of Be- 
loochistan, V. 594. 

CutMam: see IIbbbews, VIII. 589, 1 be, 

CTiTs'BERr, English saint and bishop, V, 594. 
St. Cuthbert's church, IV, 390, 1 be; his re- 
mains, lb. See Saint Cuthbert's "beads (In- 
dex). 

Cwthbert, Benedictine monk, V. 595, 1 c. 
Archbishop of Canterbury, ib. 

CutlAeH, county seat, XIV, 199, 1 b. 

Cuticle, X. 278, 1 c. See Epidehmis. 

GutU, XV. 78, 3 c {cutis tera) ; X. 273, 1 c. 

CttTiJ:K, Manasseh, American clergyman, phy- 
sician, and naturalist, V. 595, Settlement of 
Ohio, 2 be. Jervis, pioneer, 596, 1 a, 

OuTLKE, Timothy, president of Yale college, 
V. 596, 

Cutsanim: see OeawagAks. 

Outtaok', division of Bengal, V. 596. City, 1 c. 

Critter: see Yaciit, XVI. 701, 2 be. 

Cutter, revenue, XIV, 855, 2 a. 

Cutthroat game : see Euchee, VI. 769, 1 c. 

Cutting and Bradford, photo -lithographic pro- 
cess of, X. 529, 1 a. 

Cutting drawing, in glass painting, VIII. 26, 
2 be. 

Cuttings, propagation of plants by, X. 239, 2 be. 

Cuttle l/ow, V. 203, 1 a; 596, 2 ab. 

Cuttle Fien, V. 596 (ill,), 

Guttub Minor [koot-toob' me-nar'], wrought- 
iron pillar, Delhi, IX. 390, 1 c. Mosque, V, 
780, 2 a, 

Cuttub ud-Din [ood-deen'J, founder of a dy- 
nasty, V, 780, 2 c; IX. 207, 2 b (Kuttub). 

Cutty Stool, stool of repentance, V, 597. 

CuT-WoEM, destructive insect, V. 597, Cut- 
worm and moth (ill.), European species. 



Cweette', in glass making, VIII, 19, 1 be, 

OuviBE, Georges Chretien Leopold Fr^d^ric 

Dagobert [ka-vya], French naturalist, V. 

597. Fossil genera restored by him, 184, 

I ab ; I. 512, 1 a. His theory of the verte- 



, Google 



CUXHATES 

brffl, J.UI. 423, 1 b; of the bones of the 
head, ib. ; his compariaon of the areas of the 
cranium and the face, VI. T5S, 2 o. His op- 
poMtioa to Saint-Hilaire, XIII. 433, 2 be. 
His classificatiun of articulata, I. 782, 2 b, 
694, 1 b; of birds, SII,705, 3 a; of entozoa, 
VI. 663, 1 b ; of mammals, XI. 80, 1 b ; of 
moUoaoa, 50, 1 b; of reptiles, VIII. 693, 1 a. 
His divisions of manWnd, VI. 754, 1 a. — 
FrSd^rie, naturalist, V. 601, 1 a. 

CciHiVBS [Ifoox'-ba-fen], town of Germany, 
V. 601. 

Cdtaba [koo-ja-ba'], town of Brazil, V. 601. 
Ei^-er, 3 c. 

CcYinoGA [Itl-a-bo'-ga], county, V. 001. 

CcTAHOoi, river, V. 603. 

Ouyp, Albert [koip], Dutch painter, V. 603. 

CnzA, Alexander: aee Couii« (Index). 

Ccrzoo [koo3'-ko], department of Peru, V. 603. 
Capital city, 3 ab (view). Temple of the 
sun, I. 398, 2 o. Semains of, 399, 1 a (ill.). 

Cy'amm (epizoa), VI. 694, 3 a; XVI. 579, 3 o. 

CyaTMcitta (ornithology), IX. 579, 2 c. 0. 
Califoraioa and other species, ib. 

CyAs'ooBN, gas, V. 608 ; XII. 478, 1 a. 

CyaTioB'pimi (ornithology), VII. 193, 2 c. 0. 
cjanea, IX. 251, 3 a. C. ciris, 3 c. 

Cyanu'ra (ornithology), IX. 579, 1 c. C. eris- 
tata, ih. (ill.). 

Cyathe'a elegam, fern (ill.), VII. 151, 3. C. 
arborea (ill.), ib. 

Cyatk'olitlii, IV. 775, 1 a (Ooccolitiis) ; H. 
891, 1 b. 

C>jat7iopnyl'hi(h: see Poltpos, XIII. 689, 2 b. 

Cyaxa'bes I. and II. : booMedia, XI. 633, 1 a, c 

Cybew [si'-be-Ie], divinity, V. 603 (ill., 604). 

OyVium, (ichthyology), X. 794, 1 b. 0. macu- 
latum, &>. (ill.). 

Oycadoi'dea megahpliyVla (botanj'), (ill.), V. 
604, 1 c. 

Cy'cads (botany), V. 604 (ill.). 

Cyolades [a'-kla-deez], Grecian islands, V. 604. 

Cto'lambit, genus of plants, V. 605. 0. Eu- 
ropteum, 1 a (ill.). 0. Persieum, 1 b. 

Cyclidi'na, class of animalcules, I. 515, 1 b. 

Oydobranehiata [si-klo-brang-ke-a'-ta], divis- 
ion of mollusoa, XI. 723, 1 b. 

Cy'cwid, cnrve, V. 605. Area between it and 
its base determined by Galileo, XI. 396, 2 a. 

CicifliDS, fishes ; see CoMPABAiiVE Asatojiy, 
V. 183,2 c; 184, 1 a. 

Cyclone', atomi, V. 605. See Hurricane, 
and Whihlwisd. Cyclone wave, IX. 83, 1 b. 

Ctclop.«'dia, V. 605. Ancient cyclopiedic 



CYNICS 245 

works, 3 c i medlEBvft! and later, 606, 1 ab, 
ff. Attempts to systematize and classify all 
branches of knowledge, 3 b. Lexicographic 
arrangement, 3 c. English cycloptediaa, 607, 
1 b ; list of English and American, 608, 1 be. 
Special oyolopfedias, 609, 1 a. French, 1 be ; 
German, 610, 1 b; Italian, 6:1, 1 ab; orien- 
tal, 1 b. 

Cydope'aii architecture, in Ireland, IS. 355, 
I b. Cyclopean walls, V, 613, 1 ab. Cyclo- 
pean works, XIII. 385, 1 b. 

Cy'clops, in Grecian mythology, V. 611. 

Cyclop'Urm (ichthyology), X. 718, 3 ab. C. 
lumpus, 2 c (ill.). 

Cy'olostombs, fishes: aee Lamprey. 

CyctotXuriis didae'fylus (zoftlogy), I. 544, 3 a. 

Oyd'amim, site of, VII. 789, 1 bo (Ghadames). 

Cydip'pe, priestess of Juno, II. 069, 2 b. 

OYDSTia, river of Oilieia, V. 612. 

CxDo'fnA, ancient city of Crete, V. 613. 

Cydonia (botany), XIV. 152, 1 a. C. Japonica, 
3 b, and VIII. 604, 3 c. C. Sinenas, iS., and 
XIV. 152, 3 b. C. vulgaris, 1 a. Origin of 
the name, V. 613, 1 c. 

Cygni'Tus (ornithology), XV. 499, 2 c. 

Cygnus, eonsteilation, V. 612, 

C'ygniti (ornithology), XV. 500, 1 a. 0. ferus, 

1 b. C. olor, 1 c (ill.). C. Amcricanus, 3 b. 
C. buccinator, 2 c. 

Cylinder prmes, XIII. 853, 1 ab (ills.). 
Cylinder printing, of calicoes. III, 595, 3 c. 
CyUetiian, epithet of Mercury, XI. 404, 1 b. 
Cylon, Athenian conspirator, II. 55, 1 a; I. 

263, 3 c. 
Cymbals, musical instruments, V. 612. 
OyTne, in botany, XIII. 584, 2 o. 
Oymindia (ornithology), X. 19, 2 c. 
Cymling, kind of squash, SV. 293, 3 a. 
Cym'ophane, gem, IV. 561, 1 c. 
Cymraeg ptim'-reg], flic Welsh language, IV. 

177, Ibc; 178, 2 b. 
Gymri [kira'-re], native name of the Welsh, 

XVI. 425, 1 b. Language of the, IV. 178, 

2 b. Literature, 179, lb; VI. 631, 2 c. 
Cyntrie languaget, TV. 177, 1 be, 3 a, 
Cyn^gi'rtts, Athenian warrior, V. 612; 1.151, 

2 b. 

Oynanehe toimlla'rU [st-nan'-ke], disease, XV, 
796, 2 b. C. tracbealis, V. 617, 1 b. 

Cynic philosophy (eynieiem): see Antibthenes; 
Cynics; Plato. XIII. 603, 3 a; Moral Phi- 
losophy, Xt. 809, 3 b ; Philosophy, XIII. 
437, 3 be. 

Cyn'ics, school of philosophers, V. 612, 



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246 CYNIPS 

Cy'nipa Urmina'lu (entomologj), SII, 558, 
2 b (ill.)- 0. q. spongifica, &c., 2 c, ff . 

Ctnoceph'ali, baboons worshipped by Egjp 
tians, V. 612 (ill., 818). 

Oynocephalut (zoSlogj), II. 183, 1 o. 0. por 
earins, 2 c (ill.). G. haiaadryas, 184, 1 b 
(i]l.). 0. babiiin, 3 a (ill.). 0. Diormon, jS. 
(ill.). 0. leccophaaua, 2 c (ill., 185). 0. 
papio, 1 bo ; XV. 263, 1 be. 

Oyn'Bdon dae'tyhn (botany), VIII, 168, 2 be. 

Gyt^omys (zoSlogy), SIII. 802. C. LudoTioi- 

Cynosar'ges, gjnuiaaiiim in Athens, I. 572, 2 b ; 

Bite, II. 61, 2 a. 
CYHoacEpn'AL^, range of monatains in Tlies- 

saly, V. 613. First battle of, XIII. 339, 2 b ; 

Hcoond, 408, 2 o, I. 166, 2 a. 
Cynossffma, battle of {Athenians commanded 

by Thrasyllus and Thrasybulus), VUI. 194, 



; XV. 1 



I, 1 a 



Oynfhia, island: see Delos, V. TSS, 2 ab. 

Cynikiari'ii, county seat, VIII. 481, 1 b. 

Cthd'ria, ancient district of Greece, V. G13. 

Cypera'cea (botany), XIII. 59, 1 c. 

(^pe'rut papy'Tus (botany), XIII. 59, 1 a. C. 
alt«rnifolius, 2 a. 

CrPK.:a'A (moUusca) : see Cowhy, and V, 200, 
Ic. C. aarora, 444, 2 c. 0. ananlns, i6. C, 
nioneta, ii., and 208, 1 c. 0. princeps, 445, 

1 ab. 0. umbilicata, 1 b. C. tigris, iS.(ilI.). 
C^-pr^doe(»^ne[ae-pr5], oftrnsts, XVI. 19, lb. 
CYPEEsa, ooniferons tree, V. 613. Common 

evergreen, 2 a (ills.). Spreading, 614, 1 a (ill-). 
Portuguese and weeping, ih. Deciduous cy- 
press, 1 c (ill.). Cypress knees, 3 c. Age of, 
1. 184, 1 a, 3 a. Cypress swamp, V, 770, 2 ab. 

Oyp'Ha, epithet of Venus, V. 616, 2 c. 

Cypeiah, Thascius Csecilius, saint, bishop, and 
martyr, V. 614. The persecution of Decius, 
615, 1 ab. Validity of baptism given by 
heretics, 2 b. 

Gyprin'iAm (ichthyology), TV. 16, 3 ab, 

Cyp/rinoi3. _fidie$ (of the family et/prinidis), V, 

Oyprinus (ichthyology), IV. 16, 3 b. C, carpio, 

2 be (ill.). C. aaratuH, 17, 1 a, and Vm. 91, 
1 b (ill.). C. gibelio, IV. IT, 1 a. C. caras- 
sina, ih. 

Cypriote inscriptions, language of the, V. 617, 

1 a. 
Gypripe'dium. (botany), X. 90, 2 b. C. specta- 

bile, 91, 1 b (ill.). 0. insigne, 2 a (ill.). 

Other species. 
Cypehs, Turkish island, V. 616. Wines of. 



CTTOBLAST 

1 c Chnrch of, 2 be. History, 3 c. An- 
tiquities of: see Cessola. 

Pypsel iAa (ornithology), XV. 519, 3 c. 

Cypselu'rvs (ichthyology), VII. 397, 2 c. C. 
eoniatus and C. furcatns, si. 

Gtp'seldh, tyrant of Corinth, V. 617. 

Gypselm (ornithology), XV. 620, 1 a. C. mel- 
ba, 1 b (ill), C. polagica, 1 c, 

Cyrena'a : see Cvkehaica. 

OTREifA'ioA, ancient country of Africa, V. 017; 
n. 026, 2 ab. 

Oyrenaic pMloaophy, I, 704, 1 c. See Ci'ee- 



school of philosophers, V. 617. 

Cyke'ne, ancient city of Africa, V. 617. Rock- 
cut temple (ill.), 618. 

Cyh'il of Alesandeia, saint, V. 618. Hur- 
der of Hypatia, 3 ab. Refuses justice to the 
memory of Chrysostom, 2 b. Nestorian con- 
troversy, 2 c. His twelve anatlieraatiams, 
619, 1 a. His refutation of Julian's treatise 
against the Christians, IX 711, 1 a. 

Cyeil of Jebttsaibm, saint, V. 619. The tol- 
erant pagan and intolerant Christian, 2 ab. 

CyriVlic alpluAet, XV. 104, 1 ab. See II. 787, 
3b; V. 630, lab. 

Cyril Luca C rill 

Alexandn d 



1,1.2 



H 



La aris, patriarch of 
tantinople, referred 

VIII. 318, 3 b. 
p ties of the Slavs, 

f the Scriptures, 



Gthil akd Mb h 

V. 619. 8 
630, 1 ab 3 b XV 104, 1 a. 

Gyrtsceras [ u -e as], (p Iteontology), XII. 
712, 1 c. 

Gtrus, river : see Kite, and IV. 183, 3 a. 

Gyeus, the Elder, king of Persia, V. 620 ; II. 
188, 1 a, 189, 2 c, 190, 1 c, 3 b. Herodotus 
and Hebrew prophecy on his capture of 
Babylon compared, V. 621, 1 be. His sup- 
posed tomb, 3 be, and ZIIT. 144, 1 c— The 
Younger, V. 621, 3 c. 

Gyrus, patriarch of Alexandria, XI. 768, 1 b. 

Cyst, internal parasite, I. 61, 1 b. See Ento- 
zoA, TI. 665, 1 ab, 669, 1 c. 

Cystic duet, II. 636, 2 e ; X. 538, 1 b. 

Cysticer'cus (entozoa), I. 61, 1 c. 0. ccllnlosfe, 

VI. 665, 2 ab. Production of, XV. 383, 2 ab. 
Cystoph'ora (zoology), XIV. 733, 2 c. 
Cystot'omy, in surgery, XIII. Ill, 3 b. 
Cytm'a, ancient city, X. 66, 1 b. 
Cythe'ra: see Oeeigo. 

Gyti^im (botany), X. 74, 3 b. C. labnmum, 

ih. C. seoparius. III. 329, 1 a. 
CytoUoit, in protoplasm, XIV. 34, J ab. 



,y Google 



DAGDEEEEOTYPE 



2i7 



Cytod, in protoplasm, XIV. 34, 1 b, 2 b and c ; 
35, 2 a. 

Cytta'ria, fungus, YII. 532, 1 be. 

Cyz'icus, ancient city of Asia Minor, V. 622. 

QzAjKowsKi, Michal [chl-kov'-ake], Folisli nov- 
elist, V. 023. 

CzAE [zar], or Tzar, Russian aovereiga title, 
V. 622. Tzaritza, tzareyitch, tzarovua, tze- 
sarevitcb, tzesareTnn, 2 b, ff. 

CzABSiBcKi, or Czarneciti, Stefan [ctar-nyeta'- 
fce, -nets'-], Polish general, V. 622. 

CzAETOfiTSKi [char-to-ris'-ke], Polish princely 
family, V. G23, Miohal Fryderyk, 2 a. Au- 
gust Alesander, 2 b. Adam Kazimierz, *6. 
Elzbieta, S24, 1 b. Marya Anna, 1 c. Adam 
Jerzy, 3 a; bis friendship for Alexander I. 
of Eussia, ifi., and I. 280, 2 c, 281, 1 be. 

Cz&stiTT [chSs'-low], town of Bohemia, V. 625. 

CtecUe poems [chek'-it], collection of, VIII. 
441, 1 b. 



fecfe[cbeka],U. 152, 1 B,ff.; 785, 1 c,fF.; 78T, 
2 ab. See Bohemian Lahguage asd Lues- 

ATURB. 

CzEciLfeD [tseg'-laid], town of Hungary, V. 625. 

CzEi.AKowsKT : See Oblaeovsky. 

CzEKSTOCHOwA, OF Czenstocbau [cben-sto-'ho'- 
va, chen'-sto-'how], town of Poland, V. 625. 

CzEEMAK, Jobann Nepomuk [chSr'-mSk], Bohe- 
mian physiologist, V. 625. Jaroslaw, paint- 
er, 2 a. 

C'seTniwice [chfir-no-ve'-fsSh]; see Czehnowitz. 

CzBENOwrrz [chfir'-no-vits], town of Austria, 
V. 625. 

OzEKNY, Karl [cbgr'-ne], Gennan composer, V. 
625. 

CzEBifY Gbosgb, Servian chief, V. 635. 

CzersM, JoAann [cher'-ske], one of the found- 
ers of the German Catholics, VII. TS6, 2 a. 

CztTczOH [tsoo'-tsor], Gergely, Hungarian au- 
thor, V. 626. 



D 



D, letter, V. 626. Its sound and relations, 1 b, 
JI. As a numeral, 637, la; abbreviation, 
1 b ; musical sign, 1 c. 

Hah, fish, VII. 286, 2 b (rusty) ; 287, 1 b. 

Dablon, Claude [dS-blo"'], Jesuit missionary, 
V. 627. 

Dahoia, snake, IX. 304, 1 c. 

Dacca, district of India, V. 627. Capital, 3 c 
(view). Muslins of Dacca, 628, 1 a; 403, 1 a. 

Dacca Jelalpoob; see ruEBEnpoos. 

Daoe, fish, V. 628. Orange dace, 1 c; roach 
dace, 3 a, and XIV. 353, 1 a; black-nosed, 
V. 628, 2 be (ill.), and XI. 613, 1 c; long- 
nosed, V. 628, 2 c; red, ii. ; other kinds, 
639, 1 a; common European, 1 b, 

Daeelo (ornithology), IX. 840, 1 be. D. gigas, ib. 

Dacia, ancient Eoman province, V. 629. 

Daoiee, Andrfi [dfi-se-a], French scholar, V, 
629. Anne, scholar, 3 b. 

liable, mk [dak'-ki5h], revolt of, VHI. 337, 2 c 

Da Costa, Izaak